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Chapter 1

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Introduction To Physics

1

Base Quantities & Derived Quantities
Base Quantities
Measuring Instruments Length l meter m Mass m kilogram kg Time t second s Temperature Electric Current T I kelvin K ampere A SI Unit

Derived Quantities
Quantity Volume Density Acceleration Momentum Relationship Length × Breadth × Height Mass Volume Change of velocity Time taken Mass × Velocity Derived unit m3 kg m–3 m s–2 kg m s–1

SI Prefixes & Symbols
Prefix Symbol Value
Example 1

tera giga mega kilo hecto deca deci centi milli micro nano pico T 1012 G 109 M 106 k 103 h 102 da 101 d 10–1 c 10–2 m 10–3 μ 10–6 n p 10–9 10–12

19.2 nanometer = 19.2 nm = 19.2 × 10–9 m = 1.92 × 10–8 m = 52.8 × 105 g = 52.8 × 105 × 10–3 kg = 5.28 × 103 kg

(Scientific notation) (Conversion to SI unit) (Standard form) (Scientific notation) (Conversion to SI unit) (Standard form)
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Example 2

52.8 gram 10−5