Chapter 2

Transparency

Forces And Motion

8

Motion Graphs (I)
Displacement-Time Graph
Displacement Velocity = Gradient y =— x Time Velocity = Gradient y =— x Time Displacement

Interpretation
Direction of motion

y x Displacement

The rate of change of displacement is uniform. The uniform velocity represented by the gradient of the graph. Direction of motion The rate of change of displacement is increasing since the gradient of the graph is increasing. This means that the object is accelerating. Graph A: Positive lower uniform velocity Graph B: Positive higher uniform velocity

y x Displacement

A

Time

B

Time

(Objects are moving towards the right.) Graph C: Negative lower uniform velocity Graph D: Negative higher uniform velocity

Displacement

Displacement

C Example

Time

D

Time

(Objects are moving towards the left.) Displacement (m) 10 5 0 10 20 Time (s)

The velocity of the displacement-time graph = gradient of graph = 10 – 5 m s−1 20 – 0 = 0.25 m s−1

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