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# Chapter 2

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Forces And Motion

10

Inertia
What is Inertia? • Inertia is the reluctance of an object to stop once it is in uniform motion. • Inertia is also the reluctance of an object to be moved once it is at rest. • Mass is a measurement of the amount of inertia. • The characteristics of inertia can be summarized by Newtonʼs first law of motion. • Newtonʼs first law of motion states that every object will continue in its state of
uniform velocity or at rest unless it is acted upon by an external force.

Examples Of Situations Involving Inertia
1 2 3 5 Wooden block Falls down 4

Cardboard Coin
Table

Pull

Hammer

hit

Glass

The reluctance of wooden blocks to be moved
Moves with uniform velocity Stops suddenly

The reluctance of a coin to be moved
String Empty bucket Easy to push Bucket filled with sand

A

B

Harder to push

The reluctance of a skater to stop
G-clamp Table

An object of greater mass has greater inertia

Metal rod

Inertia balance It is harder for a moving train to stop than a moving motorcycle because the train has greater inertia
Force of friction

Period of oscilllation is longer if more metal rods are used

The safety belt can reduce the negative effect of inertia in an accident

As a book slides across a table from left to right, the force of friction acts on the book to slow it down and bring it to rest
© Marshall Cavendish ( Malaysia ) Sdn. Bhd.