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Chapter 2

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Forces And Motion

13

Impulse And Impulsive Force
Impulsive force is the force acting on objects during a collision or explosion.
F= mv – mu t
Impulsive forces can be harmful. Impulsive forces can be beneficial.

Impulse is the product of force and time or the change of momentum.
Ft = mv – mu The unit for impulse is N s or kg m s–1.

Combinations Of Force And Time To Produce 100 Units Of Impulse
Force Time Impulse F t Ft = mv – mu 100 50 25 10 1 0.1 1 2 4 10 100 1000 100 100 100 100 100 100
Lengthening the time of collision during a car mv – mu accident can reduce impulsive force F = t and hence, lives can be saved.

Question Solution A boy of mass 40 kg falls from a height of v2 = u2 + 2as 5 m to the ground. If the acceleration due = 0 + 2 × 10 × 5 = 100 –2 to gravity is 10 m s , calculate the velocity ∴ Velocity of the boy, v = 10 m s−1 of the boy when he just touches the ground. (a) Impulsive force, mv – mu What is the impulsive force acting on the F1 = t boy if he falls onto = 40 × 10 – 40 × 0 = 4 000 N (a) a cement floor and takes 0.1 s to stop, 0.1 (b) the sandy ground and takes 0.8 s to stop? (b) Impulsive force, mv – mu F2 = t = 40 × 10 – 40 × 0 = 500 N 0.8
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