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Chapter 2

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Forces And Motion

17

Work
Work done is the product of an applied force and the displacement of an object in the direction of the applied force. When work is done to an object, energy is transferred to the object. Work done is a form of energy. Unit for work is joule (J).
Initial position Final position

Work, W = Fs where F is the force and s is the displacement. W = Fs cos θ m m 2h h
Floor Initial position

F s F
Final position

F

F

θ
s

θ

For a fixed mass, the greater the vertical height moved, the greater is the work required. 2m For a fixed height moved, the greater the mass moved, the greater is the work required.

m h
Floor

h

Question A man pulled a load through a displacement of 20 m with a force 30 N along a horizontal surface. Calculate the work done by the man. Solution W = Fs = 30 × 20 = 600 J
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