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Chapter 3

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Forces And Pressure

27

Archimedes’ Principle
Archimedesʼ Principle
The buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. The spring balance reading in (b), F2, is less than the spring balance reading in (a), F1, due to the buoyant force of water on the stone. Buoyant force = Weight of liquid displaced F1 – F2 = mg
Spring balance Eureka can

Stone (a)

Wooden block (b)

Beaker

Applications
Buoyant force = weight of submarine

Buoyant force = weight of submarine Float on sea surface

Sea surface

Tank partially filled with water Buoyant force < weight of submarine Float in the sea Sinking Tank fully filled with water

The depth of a submarine in the sea depends on the magnitude of the buoyant force.
F F = mg

The rising and falling of the hot air balloon depends on the weight of air displaced.

mg
Buoyant force = Weight of the ship
DECK LINE
LT LS LW LWNA LTF LF L TF F R

Hydrometer Acid

How deep the ship sinks below the sea level depends on the density of sea water. It indicates whether the ship has entered a tropical ocean or an ocean in the temperate region.

T S W WNA

Lead shots

A hydrometer helps to determine the density of the liquid tested.

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