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Forces And Pressure
For uniform flow of a fluid, a region of high velocity corresponds to low pressure whereas a region of low velocity corresponds to high pressure.
High pressure Water Low velocity Medium velocity High velocity Medium pressure
Vertical glass tube Glass tube of uniform diameter Water
The height of the water column shows the magnitude of the water pressure. The dotted line is the pressure gradient showing how the water pressure is decreasing gradually. The velocity of water is highest when it is flowing through the narrowest part of the horizontal glass tube. Hence, its water pressure is the lowest.
High pressure Water Low velocity
Low pressure Medium pressure
Vertical glass tube Glass tube of nonuniform diameter Water
Lifting force Higher air velocity Lower air pressure Aerofoil Driving force
Lower air velocity Higher air pressure
An aeroplane, with an aerofoil shape, experiences a lifting force which balances its weight.
Muzzle Petrol from tank Air Gas Float Petrol Air Jet High velocity Low pressure Mixture of petrol and air To cylinder
Air rushes in due to the lower pressure in a Bunsen burner. Air supports burning.
Air rushes in due to the lower pressure near the jet of the car engine. The mixture of air and petrol helps in burning.
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