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Chapter 4

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Heat

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Specific Latent Heat (I)
Heating Ice To Form Vapour
Stirrer Ice Hot water Boiling water

Latent Heat Of Fusion
Latent heat Q Solid Latent heat of fusion, Q = mlf where m: mass lf : specific latent heat of fusion Liquid
Boiling point Melting point Temperature

Heating Curve
Gas

Liquid + gas Solid + Liquid Solid

(Vaporisation) Liquid

(Melting)

Time

The specific latent heat of fusion (lf) of a substance is the amount of heat required to convert a unit mass of a solid to liquid without change in temperature. The latent heat of fusion is required to break up molecules in the solid state to molecules in the liquid state at the same temperature (melting point).

Latent heat is absorbed from the drink to melt the ice cubes.

An iceberg melts due to the dissipation of latent heat to the surroundings.

Latent heat of ice is used to preserve food.

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