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Chapter 5

Transparency

Light

37

Reflection Of Light
Laws Of Reflection
• The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal at the point of incidence all lie in the same plane. • The angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection, i.e. i = r.
Plane mirror Normal Plasticine White paper

Incident ray

i r

Reflected ray Light source

Image due to reflection of light

Reflection Of Light On Different Surface
Reflection of light on smooth surface Reflection of light on irregular surface

Characteristics Of Image Formed
• • • • Virtual Same size as object Object distance = Image distance Laterally inverted
Ray Diagram of Concave Mirror
Image
Image distance Virtual image, same size, inverted Object distance object

The word “AMBULANCE” is laterally inverted.

Object

C

F

Image Real, inverted, smaller Real, inverted, larger

Object Image C

F

Ray Diagram of Concave Mirror Image Real, Object inverted, C F Image same size Virtual, Object Image upright, F C larger
45º Light ray from object

Applications Of Reflection Of Light

Plane mirror

Plane mirror

Convex mirror to widen Solar cooker the field of vision

Plane mirrors apparently increase the size of a shop.

Periscope

45º

© Marshall Cavendish ( Malaysia ) Sdn. Bhd.