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SOLUCIONES A LOS EJERCICIOS 1.

-Nombra los siguientes compuestos: CH3 CH3-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3-CH2-CH-CH-CH-C-CH3 CH2 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 5-etil-2,2,3,4-tetrametilheptano CH3 CH3-CH2-CH2-CH-C-CH2-CH3 CH2 CH3 CH3 4-etil-3.3-dimetilheptano CH3 CH3-CH-CH2- C-CH2-CH-CH2-CH3 CH-CH3 CH3 CH2-CH3

2-metilbutano CH3 CH3-CH2-CH2-CH-CH-CH3 CH2-CH3

3-etil-2-metilhexano CH3 CH3-CH-CH-CH3 CH2-CH3

2,3-dimetilpentano

CH3 7-etil-2,3,5,5-tetrametilnonano

CH3-CH=CH-CH3

CH3-CH-CH2-CH=CH2 CH3 4-metilpent-1-eno

But-2-eno CH3 CH2=CH-CH-CH-CH3 CH2 CH3 3-etil-4-metilpent-1-eno

CH Ξ C-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 3-metilpent-1-ino

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CH3 CH3-C Ξ C-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 4-metilhex-2-ino CH3 CH3-CH2-CH-CH-CH-CH-CH3 CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3 2,3,5-trimetil-4-propilheptano CH3 CH3-CH2-CH2-CH-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH-CH3 CH-CH3 CH-CH3 CH3 2,3,4-trimetil-5-propiloctano CH3 CH3-CH2-CH-CH-CH=CH2 CH3 CH3-CH=CH-CH-CH3 CH2 CH-CH3 3,4-dimetilhex-1-eno CH3 4,6-dimetilhept-2-eno
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CH3-CH2- C -C Ξ C-CH2-CH3 CH3 5,5-dimetilhept-3-ino

CH3-CH-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH-CH3 CH3 2,3-dimetilheptano

CH3

CH3

CH3-C-CH2-C-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3

2,2,4,4-tetrametilheptano

CH3 CH3-CH-C Ξ C-C-CH3 CH3 CH3

CH3 CH3-CH-C Ξ C-C-CH3 CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3 3,3,6-trimetiloct-4-ino

2,2,5-trimetilhex-3-ino

CH3 CH3-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 2-metilbutano CH3-CH-CH-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH2-CH3

4-etil-2,3-dimetilhexano

CH3 CH3- C - CH3 CH3 2,2-dimetilpropano

CH3 CH3- C- CH3 CH2-CH3 2,2-dimetilbutano

CH3-CH=CH-CH3

CH3-CH2-C = C-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3

But-2-eno

3,4-dimetilhex-3-eno

CH3-C Ξ C-CH3

CH3-CH-C Ξ C-CH-CH3 CH3 CH3

But-2-ino

2,5-dimetilhex-3-ino

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CH3 CH2=CH-CH-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3 3-etilhex-1-eno CH3-CH2-C Ξ C-C-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3 5-etil-5-metiloct-3-ino C Ξ CH HC Ξ C-CH2-CH2-CH=CH-C Ξ CH CH2=CH-C = C -CH = CH2 CH-CH3 CH3 3-etinil-4-isopropilhexa-1.3.5-trieno CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3 2-ciclopropilpropano o bien isopropilciclopropano 1,2-dietil-4-metilciclopentano CH3 CH3 CH-CH3

Oct-3-en-1,7-diino CH3-CH-CH3

CH-CH-CH3 CH3 CH3 3-(1,2-dimetilpropil)ciclohex-1-en-4-ino

CH3-CH CH3 CH2-CH2-CH3

1,3-diisopropil-5-propilbenceno

CH3-CHCl-CHCl-CH Ξ CH

CH2OH-CH-CH2OH CH2-CH2-CH3 2-propilpropano-1,3-diol
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3,4-dicloropent-1-ino

CH3-CH=CH-CH-CH2-CH2OH CH3 3-metilhex-4-en-1-ol

CH3-CHOH-CH2-CH-CHOH-CH2 CH3-C-CH3 CH3-C-CH3

CH3 1-fenil-3-(1,1,2,2-tetrametilpropil)hexano-2,5-diol O CH3-CH-CH=CH -CH-CH2-C H CH3 CH3-CH-CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3-CH-CO-CH-CO-CH3

3-isopropil-6-metilhept-4-enal

3,5-dimetilhexano-2,4-diona CH3

CO

CH3-CH2-C-CHO CH3 2,2-dimetilbutanal

Difenilcetona

CH3-CH2-CH-CH-CH2-CH2-CH2-COOH CH3 CH3 Ácido 5,6-dimetiloctanoico

CH3-O-CH-CH3

CH3 Metoxi-1-metiletano o bien Isopropilmetiléter O-CH3

HOOC-CH-CH- C = CH-CH2-COOH

CH3 CH3 CH3 Ácido 4,5,6-trimetilhept-3-enodioico Metoxibenceno o bien Fenilmetiléter O COOH-CO-CO-COOH CH3-CH2-CH2-C O-CH2-CH3 Ácido 2,3-dioxobutanodioico Butanoato de etilo
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CH3-CH-COO-CH-CH3 CH3 CH3 2-metilpropanoato de isopropilo o bien 2-metilpropanoato de 1-metiletilo

CH3-CH2-COONa propanoato de sodio

CH3 CH2 = C-CH2-CH=CH-C =CH2 CH2-CH3 CH3 6-etil-2-metilhepta-1,3,6-trieno

CH2-CH3

CH2 = C-C = C-CH=CH2 CH3-CH-CH2-CH3 4-etil-3-(1-metilpropil)-2-metil hexa-1,3,5-trieno

COO-CH2-CH3

CH2-CH2-CH2-COO-CH-CH3 CH3 4-ciclohexilbutanoato de isopropilo CH3-CH-NH-CH3 CH3 N-isopropilmetilamina o bien sin la “N”

Benzoato de etilo CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-NH2 Butanamina

CH3-CH2-NH-CH=CH2 CH2-NH-CH2 N-etiletilenamina o bien sin la “N” Dibencilamina CH3 N CH2-CH2-CH3 Ciclopentil-N-metil-N-propilamina o bien sin las “N” CH3-CH-CH2-COOH NH2 Ácido 3-aminobutanoico Bencenocarbonitrilo o bien Cianuro de fenilo CH3-NH-CH2-NH-CH2-CO-CH3 CN

4,6-diaza-heptanona

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CH3-CH-CO-CH2-CH2-CH3 CN 2-cianohexan-3-ona O CH2= C-C NH2 CH3 2-metilpropenamida

CH3-CH2-CONH2 Propanamida

CH3-CH2-NH2 Etanamina

2.- Formula los siguientes compuestos: a) 2,2-dimetilbutano CH3 CH3-C-CH2-CH3 CH3 c) 4-etil-3,3-dimetilheptano CH3 CH3-CH2-C--CH-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH2-CH3 e) pent-2-eno CH3 -CH=CH-CH2-CH3 g) 2,3-dimetilbut-2-eno CH3 – C = C- CH3 CH3 CH3 i) hex-3-ino CH3 -CH2 - C Ξ C- CH2 -CH3

b) 3,3,6-trietil-6-metiloctano CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3-CH2-C-CH2-CH2-C-CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3

d) 2,3,5-trimetil-4-propilheptano CH2-CH2-CH3 CH3-CH-CH-CH-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3 f) hept-3-eno CH3 -CH2 -CH=CH-CH2- CH2- CH3 h) hept-2-ino CH3 - C Ξ C-CH2-CH2- CH2 -CH3 CH3

j) 3-etil-6-metilhept-2-eno CH3 – CH = C-CH2- CH2- CH-CH3 CH2 -CH3 CH3
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k) 5,5,6-trimetilhept-3-eno CH3 CH3 – CH2- CH = CH- C - CH-CH3 CH3 CH3 m) 2-metilpropan-2-ol OH CH3 - C - CH3 CH3 ñ) Etanal CH3 – CHO

l) 2-metilbutan-1-ol

CH2OH-CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 n) 2,2-dimetilhexan-3-ol CH3 CH3 - C -CHOH-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH3 o) 2-etilpentanal OHC-CH- CH2-CH2-CH3 CH2-CH3

p) 2-metilpentan-3-ona CH3 -CH- C - CH2-CH3 CH3 O r) 2,2-dimetilhexan-3-ona CH3 CH3 – C- CO-CH2-CH2-CH3 CH3 t) Ácido 2-metilpropanoico CH3 – CH- COOH CH3

q) 4-metilpentan-2-ona CH3 -CO-CH2-CH-CH3 CH3 s) Ácido etanoico (acético)

CH3-COOH

u) Ácido 2-etilpentanoico CH3 –CH2-CH2-CH-COOH CH2 –CH3

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v) Etanoato de metilo O CH3 – C O CH3 x) Dimetilamina CH3 –NH-CH3

w) Propanoato de etilo

CH3 –CH2-COOCH2-CH3

y) Etilmetilpropilamina CH3 –CH2- N -CH2 –CH2-CH3 CH3 aa) Cianuro de butilo CH3 –CH2-CH2 –CH2- CN

z) Cianuro de metilo CH3 – CN

ab) 4-(1,2,3,4-tetrametilpentil)oct-2-en-5-ino CH3 – CH = CH- CH- C Ξ C-CH2-CH3 CH – CH- CH – CH – CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 ac) 3-etilhexa-1-5-dieno ad)3-(1,2-dimetilpropil)ciclohex-1-en-4-ino

CH2 = CH-CH – CH2-CH = CH2 CH2-CH3 CH-CH-CH3 CH3 CH3 ae) p-butilisopropilbenceno CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3 af) 1,3-difenil-2-metilbutano CH3 CH2- CH- CH - CH3

CH-CH3 CH3
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ag) 3-metilhex-4-en-1-ol CH2OH-CH2-CH-CH = CH-CH3 CH3

ah) 4-ciclobutil-2-metilhexano-1,5-diol CH2OH-CH-CH2- CH - CH-CH3 CH3 OH

ai) 3-metilhept-4-en-2-ona

aj) ácido 5,6-difenil-3,3-dimetilhexanoico CH3 CH2-CH-CH2-C-CH2-COOH

CH3-CO-CH-CH = CH-CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3 ak) Ácido 4,5,6-trimetil-3-heptendioico HOOC-CH – CH - C = CH-CH2-COOH CH3 CH3 CH3 am) Acetato de isopentilo CH3-COO-CH2-CH2-CH-CH3 CH3 an) Trifenilamina -Nal) Etoxieteno CH3-CH2-O-CH = CH2

añ) N-etil-N-isopropilbutilamina CH3 –CH2-CH2 –CH2-N- CH2–CH3

ao) Dimetilpropanamida CH3 CH3 – C-CONH2

CH2-CH3 CH3 CH3 ap) 1,3,5-trinitrobenceno NO2 aq) 4-metil-1-hidroxihexan-3-ona CH2OH-CH2- C – CH -CH2-CH3 O CH3 O 2N NO2
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ar) Ácido 5-ciano-2,3,6-trimetil-4-oxoheptanoico HOOC - CH – CH – CO- CH – CH - CH3 CH3 CH3 CN CH3

as) 5-ciclopentil-7-hidroxi-5-metilheptanal CH3 OHC- CH2 - CH2 - CH2- C - CH2 - CH2OH

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