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Krishna Prasad ABB Switzerland

Protection & Substation Automation Seminar PGCB April 2004

ABB Power Automation - 1 2004-06-07

List of content
n n n n n n n
ABB Power Automation - 2 2004-06-07

Overview of Protection concepts Advanced Power System Management Substation Automation: Conventional to modern SA Bay Control Solutions Substation Automation System Substation Monitoring System Redundancy and Availability Questions and Answers

Basic Changes in Protection due to technology.


Substation Automation Copper wiring

Fiber optic connection.

STATIC RELAY

NUMERICAL RELAY

Copper wiring

Copper wiring

ABB Power Automation - 3 2004-06-07

BINARY INFORMATION - Binary signals

NUMERICAL INFORMATION - Binary signals - Parameters - Measurements - Events - Samples

Numerical Protections -Signal data flow


Voltage or Current

A/I

MUX

A/D

Analog to digital conversion


MMI SCS/ SMS

Central Processing Unit

COM

DSP
Digital Signal Processor

I> U< Z<


1 DiffGen on 2 Current on 3 BinInp 2 off

COM

Numerical signal processing

etc.

Trip
ABB Power Automation - 4 2004-06-07

B/I
Binary Inputs

etc.

Binary signal B/O processing

Binary output - Trip relays etc

Application

Station Automation System


Line protection LON SPA IEC 870-5-103 IEC 1375

SoftTransformer protection

ware
Generator protection Human-machinecommunication
R

LibControl
ABB Power Automation - 5 2004-06-07

C E

rary
Automation

IEC 1375

Remote Input/Output Unit

Basic changes Consequences: Hardware platforms with software library of functions

ABB Power Automation - 6 2004-06-07

REG316*4

RET316*4

REC316*4

REL316*4

Generator Protection

Transformer Protn.

Control Terminal

Line Protection

G
ABB Power Automation - 7 2004-06-07

Generation

Transmission

Distribution

Load

Hardware concept
Compact Design Flexible input and output configuration Open communication strategy

5 7 4 4 4 4 3 21 6
1) Analog input unit up to 9 transformers 2) Digital/Optical unit 3) CPU with serial port

ABB Power Automation - 8 2004-06-07

4) Binary input/output unit


R

C E

5) Communication PCMCIA 6) Mother Board 7) Power Supply

Software concept
CPU Capacity
I> 51 I 87 L P<P<32 Z< 21 U< 27 3 I0 67N Ucos 78

eg. SN300

Protection Library
I> 51 I TH 49 U> 59 Z< 21 AR 21 SC 25 I>> 50 I 87 L U< 27 I 60 U 60 Ucos 78
Binary Signal Trans.

Fupla
FUP1 FUP1 FUP1 FUP4

Hardware-key

3 I0 67N U >> 59 P<32 Dist. Rec.

FUP1 FUP1

ABB Power Automation - 9 2004-06-07

Logics

Timer

CPU 316VC61a 250%

e.g. Z < (Distance) need 50 %

RE21604

Application, typical HV bay


REC 316*4 Control unit Autoreclosure*
* ev. separate unit
C E

REL 316*4 Line protection


R

REB 500 Busbar protection


ABB Power Automation - 10 2004-06-07

C E

C E

OFF 1 ON OFF 2

REL 316*4 Line protection


C E

Synergy
Between: Fast Microprocessor technology and Communication via optical fibres
ABB Power Automation - 11 2004-06-07

REB 500 Numerical busbar and breaker failure protection

Decentral installation
C E

C E

C E

C E

C E

SCS/SMS
ABB Power Automation - 12 2004-06-07

REB 500 Numerical busbar and breaker failure protection


Conventional central installation

C E

ABB Power Automation - 13 2004-06-07

Line protection

BBP + BFP

Line panel: Block Autoreclosure / BFP starters

REB 500 Numerical busbar and breaker failure protection


Central installation / Feeder oriented structure

CU
C E C C E E C E C E

ABB Power Automation - 14 2004-06-07

BU + Line protection

Fibre optical cables

REB 500 Numerical busbar and breaker failure protection Installation in relay kiosks

ABB Power Automation - 15 2004-06-07

Introduction
Utilities are having enormous cost reduction concerns
n

Continuous, automatic acquisition of data and conversion to premium information Need for automated delivery of precise information
n n n

for decision making to the operators for support of maintenance personnel for support of protection experts

n
ABB Power Automation - 16 2004-06-07

Erosion of protection know-how, there are fewer experts who can evaluate complex power system disturbances

ADDITIONAL ADVANTAGES USING NUMERICAL PROTECTIONS

Local Monitoring, Control & Visualization!


Modem

Communication BUS

ABB Network Partner AG

REG 316*4

ABB Network Partner A G

REC 316*4

ABB Network Partner AG

REL 316*4
AB B N etw or k Pa rtne r AG RE T 31 6* 4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

C E

C E

C E

ABB Power Automation - 17 2004-06-07

Local MMI

Turning ABBs Vision into reality..


Advanced Power System Management
n Vertical integration and seamless collaboration from device to enterprise n Portfolio of proven, re-usable components n Clear functional segmentation

ABB Power Automation - 18 2004-06-07

Advanced Power System Management


Our Solution Portfolio
n n n n n n

Power System Monitoring Wide Area Protection and Monitoring Substation Monitoring System Substation Automation System Bay Protection Solutions Bay Control Solutions

ABB Power Automation - 19 2004-06-07

Advanced Power System Management


Our Solution Portfolio
n n n n n n

Power System Monitoring Wide Area Protection and Monitoring Substation Monitoring System Substation Automation System Bay Protection Solutions Bay Control Solutions

ABB Power Automation - 20 2004-06-07

Substation Automation including Protection


n n n

Split into two level Station level SAS Bay level solutions
n n n n

BCS BAS BPS BMS

ABB Power Automation - 21 2004-06-07

Substation Automation Systems SAS

n n

Solutions focused on functional requirements Scalable SAS Systems


n n n

Basic Enhanced Advanced

ABB Power Automation - 22 2004-06-07

Optimised for seamless integration of Bay Level Solution n Proven, cost-effective solutions

Example of a SAS solution


n

SAS500
n n n

Tele control Basic Control Basic Monitoring

SAS500

SAS510
n n n n n

Tele control Station HMI Basic Control Basic Monitoring Advanced Control Advanced Monitoring

ABB Power Automation - 23 2004-06-07

SAS510

Advanced Power System Management


Our Solution Portfolio
n n n n n n

Power System Monitoring Wide Area Protection and Monitoring Substation Monitoring System Substation Automation System Bay Protection Solutions Bay Control Solutions

ABB Power Automation - 24 2004-06-07

Bay Level Solutions


n

BCS Bay Control Solution


n

application focused solutions

BAS Bay Automation Solution


n n

e.g HBT e.g Load Shedding

ABB Power Automation - 25 2004-06-07

Bay Level Solutions


n

BCS Bay Control Solution


n

application focused solutions

BAS Bay Automation Solution


n n

e.g HBT e.g Load Shedding

BPS Bay Protection Solution


n

for Lines, cables, Transformers etc..

ABB Power Automation - 26 2004-06-07

Pre-engineered proven, documented and therefore re-usable solutions

BMS Bay Monitoring Solution

Examples of a BPS and a BCS solution


BPS 5xx
Line Protection Main 1 REL316*4 87L 67N 79 AR 25 DR Line protection Main 2 REL521 21 Z< 67N 79 AR 25 27 / 59 Busbar Protection 500BU02 BBP BFP

BCS 593
Modern Bay Control BCM 800 REC316*4

ABB Power Automation - 27 2004-06-07

Advanced Power System Management


Our Solution Portfolio
n n n n n n

Power System Monitoring Wide Area Protection and Monitoring Substation Monitoring System Substation Automation System Bay Protection Solutions Bay Control Solutions

ABB Power Automation - 28 2004-06-07

Power System Monitoring PSM

Utility information system providing the right information needed to make the correct decisions at the right time!

n
ABB Power Automation - 29 2004-06-07

Reduction of outage time and maintenance costs


Features n Access to protection related information n Short-reports of faults n Historical database

PSM System Integration


DISTURBANCE RECORDERS ABB IEDs SUBSTATION MONITORING 3rd Party DISTURBANCE RECORDERS

INDACTIC PSM 801 SMS 530 3rd Party PC

3rd Party devices

ABB Power Automation - 30 2004-06-07

PSM 801

PSM 8xx / PSM 500

PSM System Functionality


E_notify E_param E_statistic E_history E_web E_gis

E_wineve

E_erp

E_ldb E_database
Data Data Data

ABB Power Automation - 31 2004-06-07

E_mms

E_navigate
3rd Party solution

PSM Hierarchical levels


NATIONAL
PSM 8xx

PSM 8xx

PSM 8xx

REGIONAL

SUBSTATION
ABB Power Automation - 32 2004-06-07 PSM 8xx PSM 500 PSM 801 PSM 8xx PSM 500 PSM 801
3rd Party solution

Advanced Power System Management


Our Solution Portfolio
n n n n n n

Power System Monitoring Wide Area Protection and Monitoring Substation Monitoring System Substation Automation System Bay Protection Solutions Bay Control Solutions

ABB Power Automation - 33 2004-06-07

Substation Monitoring SMS

SMS 510
n

Manual IED monitoring within the substation

n
ABB Power Automation - 34 2004-06-07

SMS 530
n

Automatic IED monitoring within the substation

SAS 5xx
n

Substation Automation and Control within the substation

Substation Monitoring System SMS


n n
Summary report Graphical fault visualization Advanced analysis tools

Automatic Substation wide IED Monitoring Benefits


n

Easy access to detailed IED data (events, fault data, etc.) Find and fix problems faster Base for network-wide asset management and information system

IED Parameter Alarms


GPS

n n

Sequence of Events

Features
n

ABB Power Automation - 35 2004-06-07

Automatic collection of all protection related data Manual and automatic IED monitoring Advanced monitoring functions (Trends, Reports)

Advanced Power System Management


Our Solution Portfolio
n n n n n n

Power System Monitoring Wide Area Protection and Monitoring Substation Monitoring System Substation Automation System Bay Protection Solutions Bay Control Solutions

ABB Power Automation - 36 2004-06-07

Wide Area Protection & Monitoring


n

PSGuard
n

Wide Area Protection and Monitoring System focusing on power system security only Benefits
n

Enhance capacity of transmission corridors Improve power network stability and prevent outages

Features
n

Voltage stability monitoring & prediction Angular/Frequency stability monitoring Precise calculation of available transmission capacity Prevention of Wide Area Disturbances

ABB Power Automation - 37 2004-06-07

List of content
n n n n n n n
ABB Power Automation - 38 2004-06-07

Advanced Power System Management Substation Automation: Conventional to modern SA Bay Control Solutions Substation Automation System Substation Monitoring System Redundancy and Availability Questions and Answers

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Conventional Substation Control
Fault Recording
ABB 225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1 =D04+ R01

Bay Control
ABB 225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1 =D04+ R01 ABB ABB ABB

Bay Protection
ABB 225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1 =D04+ R01 125VD C Distributuion Battery A
r e n N B A t a P k o w

Busbar Protection
ABB 225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1 =D04+ R01 125VD C Distributuion Battery A 125VD C Distributuion Battery B

SCADA RTU
ABB 225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1 =D04+ R01 125VD C Distributuion Battery A 125VD C Distributuion Battery B RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT ON/OF F

Event Recording
ABB 225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1 =D04+ R01 125VD C Distributuion Battery A 125VD C Distributuion Battery B
c i6 t c a d n I 0 5 c i6 t c a d n I 0 5

Station Level

125VD C Distributuion Battery A

125VD C Distributuion Battery B

125VD C Distributuion Battery B


4 * 6 1 3 L E R

ABB
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1

n d I a c i c t 6 5 0

n d I a c i c t 6 5 0

d a n I c c i 6 5 t 0

=W1

BAY CO NT RO L RELAY RE C316 *4

=W2
1 2 1 Q 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1

1 W =

RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT

2 W =

-Q 1 SEL

-Q 2 SEL

ON/OF F
n s o i r e V b 2 . 4 E F M R

c c

-Q 0 SEL TESTE LAMPE

LO CAL CO NT RO L ABB
r e n N B A t a P k o w 4 * 6 1 3 L E R

METERI NG RTU 200IN 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT


c i6 t c a d n I 0 5 c i6 t c a d n I 0 5

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

9 0 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1

ON/OF F

O UVRI R FERMER ABB LINE P RO TECTIO N RELAY REL316 *4 ABB ESC EXE
r e n N B A t a P k o w 0 5 B E R

DISTA NCE LO C BUSBA R PRO TE CTIO N REB500

ABB

225kV LIG NE ABO BO 1

=D04+ R01

ABB

ABB

ABB

Bay Level

For each function a dedicated device and separate kiosks

=W1

=W2

-Q 1 SEL

-Q 2 SEL

-Q 0 SEL TESTE LAMPE

O UVRI R FERMER ABB

Extensive station wide cabling

ESC

EXE

Local Control

DISTA NCE LO C

ABB Power Automation - 39 2004-06-07

Process Level

Extensive bay cabling

-Q2 -Q0 -Q1 -Q9 -Q8

GIS or AIS Switchgear

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Conventional Architecture
Dispatch center

RTU

Control Center
A BB AB B M A STE R P I

A BB

AB B M A STE R

P I

MARSHALING RACK

ABB Power Automation - 40 2004-06-07

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Conventional Architecture
Dispatch center

RTU

A BB

AB B M A STE R

P I

A BB

AB B M A STE R

P I

ABB Power Automation - 41 2004-06-07

Co pp er co nn ec t io ns
Control Center

MARSHALING RACK

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Substitution of Conventional Technology
Control/Protection Cubicles
Fllanden Steuerung / Schutz =AD17-KB2 220VD C SPAN N UNG SYS 1 2 20VD C SPA NN U NG SYS 2 Fllanden Steuerung / Schutz =AD17-KB2

MicroSCADA

Feldsteuergert REC2 16 mit Messung und Synchro check


A 3 / C D V 0 2 E U R C T S . G P H Z U T N A P S 0 U N G C D V 4 2 R O P E Z S E T N I A F R C G N U G R P T S . U A S L R K E I R C A W E H B N U 1 G N E A H R P S G C O U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E F S N C A H N E L F S A G U K I L A R D Y H S U P E M U N A L E I V Z F U K I L A R D Y H S U P T I E N M Z A L F E T I R H C S N B U A S L R K E I R C A W E H B N U 2 G N E A H R P S G C O K I L U A R D Y H S G U N A P E F S R D O ) ( G C N U R T S U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E L T A H C R K N S I E ( R E I K O C T L B ) U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E U A C S H T L A R K S I E ( R E I K ) O T C L B E L U D O M S B I R T N A U A N G S R I A L E G N U R T S U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E / R N E T R E / D R T R S E G N T I O P U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E H P D N E A R K S I Z U A T L E G S E / R N D T S C H R O T Z U M N E A H R P S G C O N A P S U N A W S G D R E L R . W E G N U B H C I S N E A H R P S G C O C A U H N T ! G C S H T A G U L D N T L G E I R V C S H T A G U L D N O N V U D T S L G I

I 0 VERRI EG ELUNG

G N U T I E L S S T P U Z H C A G N S U R T

G N U T I E L S T S P U Z H C A A G T S L U E

G N U T I E L S C Z T U H S E V R S E R A G T S L U E

C L E M A S H N I E C S R E G H T Z U G N U R T S

C L E M A S / H N I E C S H T L A R E V G A S C S U A H T L E G Z

R L E M A S H S I A L E R U 2 L H S I A E R U 3 H S I A L E R U 4

T E G R S D L U F

N A U R D T S Z B E I E F N R T K E R I D / A O L N / A K O L M R R A L M IQ T U

L A N G I S R / M E A L O H N R Q T I U N E P M A L E T S A N U D T S Z N I E

=AD17 FLLANDEN

) 1 2 L (

-JA1

) 1 2 L (

-JA2

SAMMELSCHIE NENSP AN NU NG 30 2a 0 100 200 0 1a 0 100 200 30 0 WIRKLEIST UNG -480 +480 BLIND LEISTU NG -240 +240

Interbaybus Star coupler


d gi ta l ABB Power Automation AG
500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

U P N E M N L E T S

R R C K ) 1 2 L (

D E R F S / R E I K T C O L B N R E I K T U A C O L B S

-JA4 -JF1
( ) 4 1 2 L

S T

M O K N A W I B D R E L R ) 5 1 2 L ( S T N A W D R E L A M C S A G H Z U T

R0 S0 T0 0

STRO M 500 1000 1500 500 1000 1500 500 1000 1500 SPANN U NG 100 200 30 0 MESSANWAHL
S R T S R T 0 N R N S N T

) 6 1 2 L (

-JA5

LEITU NG SHA UPTSC H UTZ R EL316* 4 I I

PRFS TECKE R I 0 SCH UTZ EI N/A US

RER 111 di gi t al

) 6 3 1 2 L (

-JA6
U E R N A T S B I N G N I E U A S R C K N E L T S E F N R H F R N E U A S M N L A R O

0 0 STUFE NVERL. WE-BLO CK

Reset AUS

T D K E R I

A K O L

-Q1

-Q2

Tx3 Rx3 SAMMELSCHIE NENS C HUTZ REB500 -X1 SYNC H RO NISIE RU NG HA ND AUS RESER VESC H UTZ I 0 SCH UTZ EI N/A US

2 x 220/24V D C/D C SPA NN UNG SVE RSO RG U NG

ABBPower Automation AG

COM581

Communication Converter

NCC / RCC

Feeder Marshalling

-Q0

-Q9

ABB Power Automation - 42 2004-06-07

-Q8 Protection Cubicle

Marshalling

Control Cubicle Relays for control / logic Transducers, Meters Switches, Lamps Annunciators, Terminals

Mimic control board

SER / Fault Recorder

NCC Interface

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Modern Substation Automation (SA)
Control/Protection Cubicles
Fllanden Steuerung / Schutz =AD17-KB2 220VD C SPAN N UNG SYS 1 2 20VD C SPA NN U NG SYS 2 Fllanden Steuerung / Schutz =AD17-KB2

MICROSCADA

Feldsteuergert REC2 16 mit Messung und Synchro check


A 3 / C D V 0 2 E U R C T S . G P H Z U T N A P S 0 U N G C D V 4 2 O R P E Z S E T N I A F R C G N U G R P T S . U A S L R K E I R C A W E H B N U 1 G N E A H R P S G C O U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E F S N C A H N E L F S A G U K I L A R D Y H S U P E M U N A L E I V Z F K I L U A R D Y H S U P T I E N M Z A L F C E T I R H S N B U A S L R K E I R C A W E H B N U 2 G N E A H R P S G C O K I L U A R D Y H S G U N A P E F S R D ) O ( G C N U R T S U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E L T A H C R K N S I E ( R E I K O C T L B ) U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E U A C S H T L A R K S I E ( R E I K ) O T C L B D E L U O M S B I R T N A U A N G S R I A L E G N U R T S U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E / R N E T R E / D R T R S E G N T I O P U N T S I E L C G H T L A R E H P D N E A R K S I Z U A T L E G S E / R N D T S C H R O T Z U M N E A H R P S G C O N A P S U N A W S G D R E L R . W E G N U B H C I S N E A H R P S G C O A C U H N T ! G C S H T A G U L D N T L G E I R V C S H T A G U L D N O N V U D T S L G I

I 0 VERRI EG ELUNG

G N U T I E L S S T P U Z H C A G N S U R T

G N U T I E L S T S P U Z H C A A G T S L U E

G N U T I E L S C Z T U H S E V R S E R A G T S L U E

C L E M A S H N I E C S R E G H T Z U G N U R T S

C L E M A S / H N I E C S H T L A R E V G A S C S U A H T L E G Z

R L E M A S H S I A L E R U 2 H S I A L E R U 3 L H S I A E R U 4

T E G R S D L U F

N A U R D T S Z B E I E F N R N / A K O L M R T K E R I D / A O L R A L M

L A N G I S R / M E A L O H N R N E P M A L E T S N A U D T S Z

T I U Q

Q T I U

N I E

=AD17 FLLANDEN

) 1 2 L (

-JA1

) 1 2 L (

-JA2

SAMMELSCHIE NENSP AN NU NG 2a 0 100 200 30 0 1a 0 100 200 30 0 WIRKLEIST UNG -480 +480 BLIND LEISTU NG -240 +240
R E I K T U A C O L B S

U P N E M N L E T S

R R C K ) 1 2 L ( S T

D E R F S / R E I K T C O L B N

-JA4 -JF1
( ) 4 1 2 L

M O K N A W I B D R E L R S T W N A D R E L A M C S A G H Z U T

) 5 1 2 L (

STRO M 1500 R0 500 1000 1500 S 0 500 1000 0 500 1000 1500 T SPANN U NG 0 100 200 30 0
S R

Interbaybus Starcoupler
ABB Power Automation AG
500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

d gi t al

) 6 1 2 L (

-JA5

LEITU NG SHA UPTSC H UTZ R EL316* 4 I 0 STUFE NVERL. 0 WE-BLO CK I

PRFS TECKE R I 0 SCH UTZ EI N/A US

RER 111 di gi tal

MESSANWAHL
0 N R N S N T

Reset AUS

T S ) 6 3 1 2 L ( R T

-JA6
U E R N A T S B I N G N I E M N L A R O T D K E R I

U A S

R C K N L E T S E F N R A K O L

U A S H F R N E

-Q1

-Q2

Tx3 Rx3 SAMMELSCHIE NENS C HUTZ REB500 -X1 SYNC H RO NISIE RU NG HA ND AUS RESER VESC H UTZ I 0 SCH UTZ EI N/A US

2 x 220/24V D C/D C SPA NN UNG SVE RSO RG U NG

Power Automation AG ABB

COM581

Communication Converter

NCC / RCC

-Q9

ABB Power Automation - 43 2004-06-07

-Q8

Feeder Marshalling

-Q0

ABB Power Automation - 44 2004-06-07

ABB Power Automation - 45 2004-06-07

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Modern SA Architecture
Station Level
Network Control Center NCC

Interbay

Bus
ABB
225kV LI GNE A B OB O 1 =D04+R01 125V DC Di st ri but ui on B at t ery A 125V DC Di st ri but ui on B at t ery B
ABB
A B B N e t w o r k P a r t n e r R E L 3 1 6 * 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6

B A Y CONT ROL RE LA Y RE C316*4

=D04 ABOBO 1
= W 1

ABB
P OW E R MON I T ORI N G U N I T

= W

- Q1 S E L

- Q2 S E L

- Q0 S E L

L A MP E T E S T E

OUV R I R

F E R ME R

ABB

E S C

E X E L OC

D I S T A N C E

LOCA L CONT ROL

ME T E RI NG

ABB

A B B N e t w o r k P a r t n e r

R E L 3 1 6 * 4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6

LI NE P ROT E CT I ON RE LA Y RE L316*4

ABB

A B B N e t w o r k P a r t n e r

R E B 5 0 0

B US B A R P ROT E CT I ON RE B 500

ABB Power Automation - 46 2004-06-07

Process Level

-Q2 -Q0 -Q1 -Q9 -Q8

ECONOMICAL SOLUTIONS

STATE OF THE ART TECHNOLOGY

ABB Networ k Partner AG

COM581

Bay Level

Conventional and Modern Architecture Software concept numerical IEDs


eg. SN300

CPU Capacity
I> 51 I 87 L P<P<32
ABB Power Automation - 47 2004-06-07

Protection Library
I> 51 I TH 49 U> 59 I>> 50 I 87 L U< 27 I 60 U 60 Ucos 78
Binary Signal Trans.

Fupla
FUP1 FUP1 FUP1 FUP4

Hardware-key

3 I0 67N U >> 59 P<32 Dist. Rec.

FUP1 FUP1

U< 27 3 I0 67N Ucos 78

Z< 21 AR 21 SC 25

Z< 21

Logics

Timer

CPU 316VC61a 250%

e.g. Z < (Distance) need 50 %

RE21604

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Time to detect and repair time
failure MTTF MTTR

Self-supervision in numerical devices


Periodical testing only

Testing interval

With self-supervision

MTTF

MTTR

MTTF

AVAILABILITY
A=
ABB Power Automation - 48 2004-06-07

MTTF = MTTR =

MTTF MTTF + MTTR Time in service in a healthy state (mean time to failure) Time out of service because of defects and maintenance (mean time to repair)

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Modern Architecture

ABB Power Automation - 49 2004-06-07

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Comparison: Conventional - Modern SA

Conventional
- Centralised functions

Modern
- Decentralised system structure closer to process - Numerical protection and control - One point of data collection, distribution of data where needed, more data for better information - Hardware platforms with software libraries - Bus (serial) communication using fibre optic media - High security - High availability - Open system

- Limited functionality - Multicollection of data

- For each function dedicated device

- No optical links (EMC)


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- Extensive wiring - Marshalling Kiosk

List of content
n n n n n n n
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Advanced Power System Management Substation Automation: Conventional to modern SA Bay Control Solutions Substation Automation System Substation Monitoring System Redundancy and Availability Questions and Answers

BCS within Power System Management

Bay Control Solutions

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What are Bay Control Solutions ?


n

Standardised control cubicles for all kind of primary equipment, busbar configurations and voltage levels
n n n

New Substations Retrofit Primary Equipment from ABB and other Suppliers

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Solution Packages

<44kV AIS GIS

44kV-170kV AIS GIS

>170kV AIS GIS

BCS500 BCS510

BCS530 BCS550

BCS570 BCS590

BCS503 BCS513

BCS533 BCS553

BCS573 BCS593

BCS505 BCS515
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BCS535 BCS555

BCS575 BCS595

The following examples are based on the BCS59x

Function Packaging Principle


Customize Package
n n

Used to add non pre-defined functionality Customer specific extensions

Add-on Packages
Enhanced SF6 Alarm Enhanced Alarm n Touch Screen Transformer
Mechanics

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Comfort

Each package consist of a list of predefined functions n Can be selected separately n Used to add pre-defined functionality

Base Package

n n n

List of pre-defined functions Always included Good value solution

Concept Modern Control BCS59x (Base Package)


LON BUS

n n

Bay Control Mimic (BCM800)


n

Mimic HMI

Bay Controller (REC316*4 )


n n n

Control Alarm Annunciation Measurement Processing (U,I,P,Q,F) n LON Communication n Backup Protection (Add-On) n

Primary Equipment Solution Library


n

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Primary Equipment Solution Library


n

Available for different primary equipment types n Contains all wiring, auxiliary relays, DC Components (MCBs) etc.

Standard Interfaces

BCM HMI Modern Control


n n

Position indication Select before Execute


n

Two button to operate

Guided Mimic HMI


n n n

Attention Interlock indication Failed to operate indication Crank handle in use indication

Emergency Mimic HMI selection


n

Bay Controller is not working

n
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Integrated Digital Meter


n

U,I,P, f

n n

LED Test Completely mounted, tested, painted in the factory

Components of Modern Control Cubicles (BCS59x)


Base Package
Add-On Packages
n n n

BCM800 Mimic HMI REC316*4 Bay Controller LON BUS for SA Integration Touch Screen Alarm Unit Tapchanger (REGSysTM) RIO580 (Remote IO)

LON BUS

n n
Process BUS

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n n

Add-On Package Touch Screen


n n

Bay Control and Protection

One local Touch Screen per Bay

BCS59x
LON BUS

BPS5xx
LON BUS

Control and Protection Information on one Screen n E.g Fault Location Information on screen
n

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Single Line Diagram overview Picture n Object Oriented Alarm Annunciation n Measurement Display (I,U,Q,P,f)

Example: Overview of the Solution


Transformer Bays

LOCAL CONTROL PANEL

Line Feeder Coupler Bays

LOCAL CONTROL PANEL

Transformer Bays
n

Base Package Add-on Enhanced SF6 Alarm Add-On Transformer Customize Package (Special crank handle for earthing switches)

+CC1 +CC1

-F111 -F112 -F113 -F114 -F115 -F116 -F117

+U01 -F111 -F112 -F113 -F114 -F115 -F116 -F117 +U01

n
+U05
A LA RM 0 1 A L A RM 02 A LA RM 0 3 A LA RM 0 4 AL AR M 05 A LA RM 0 6 A L A RM 07 A LA RM 0 8 A LA RM 09 A LA RM 1 0 A LA RM 1 1 A L A RM 12 A LA RM 1 3 A LA RM 1 4 A LA RM 15 A LA RM 1 6 A L A RM 17 A LA RM 1 8 A LA RM 19 A LA RM 2 0

+U05
A LA RM 01 AL A RM 02 A LA RM 03 A LA RM 04 A LA RM 05 AL A RM 06 A LA RM 07 A LA RM 08 AL A RM 09 A LA RM 1 0 A LA RM 11 AL A RM 12 A LA RM 13 A LA RM 14 A LA RM 15 AL A RM 16 A LA RM 17 A LA RM 18 AL A RM 19 A LA RM 2 0

n n

A LA RM 21

AL A RM 22

A LA RM 23

A LA RM 24

A LA RM 25

AL A RM 26

A LA RM 27

A LA RM 28

AL A RM 29

A LA RM 3 0

A L AR M QUI T

L A MP TE S T

A LA RM 2 1

A L A RM 22

A LA RM 2 3

A LA RM 2 4

AL AR M 25

A LA RM 2 6

A L A RM 27

A LA RM 2 8

A LA RM 29

A LA RM 3 0

-A200

=D1.Q1
ATTENT. N TERL. I

F AI L ED TO O PERATE

C RANK HAND LE N USE I

+U08 -A200
D I RI S Ap

A LA RM QUI T

LA MP TE S T

-P200
SOC OMEC 1 Q B1 SELEC T QB2 SELEC T

=D1.Q1
ATTENT . N TERL. I

FAI LED TO OPER ATE

C RANK HAND LE I N USE

+U08
D I R I S Ap

4.503 4.505 4.518 0.01 2


PQ S P F

A
SOCO MEC 1 2 3

-P200
1 QB 1 SELECT QB2 SELE CT

QC1 SELEC T

U F

Max H

OE 3

4 .5 03 4 .5 05 4 .5 18 0.012
P QS PF

1 2

QA1 SELEC T

QC 1 SELE CT

U F

Max H

O E

Cont rol
CLOSE OP EN CAN CEL QA1 SELE CT QC2 SELEC T

Control

-S200
Q B9 SELEC T Of f Over r id e Local

C LOSE

OPEN

CAN CEL

Control Mode
QC 2 SELE CT

Rem ot e

-S200 Control Mode


QB 9 SELE CT Over r id e Of f Local Rem ot e

QC9 SELEC T

LAM P T EST

QC 9 SELE CT

OHL1

LAMP TEST

-P201 -P202 -P203


ABB
ABB Pow er A ut o mat io n AG

R EC3 1 6 * 4

+U18
A BB
AB BP owe r A ut o mat io n AG

OHL1

-A201
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

0000000 0000000 0000000


RE C3 1 6 * 4

-P201 -P202 -P203 -A201


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

+U18

-P211 -P212 -P213


0000000 0000000 0000000

0000000 0000000 0000000

-P211 -P212 -P213


0000000 0000000 0000000

n
+U25 +U26

-S211
ALARM ACK N.

-S211 +U25
ALA RM ACKN .

+U26
D
a . e b e r l e g m b h F 1

<

U F 2

>

Line Feeder and Bus Coupler Bays


n n n

>

I F 3

C A U T O E S C M E N U

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+U30 +U30

Base Package Add-on Enhanced SF6 Alarm Customize Package (Special crank handle for earthing switches)

+U34 +U34

+U38 +U38

800mm 800mm

Conclusion: The Technical Concept BCS59x (1)


n

Function Packaging
n n

Make re-use possible Customizing of the solution by using standard packages

Scalable
n n n

From conventional to modern From base to add-on packages => same concept for all kind of applications

n
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BCM800 Mimic
n n n

Guided HMI and Emergency HMI => High reliable and safety operation Completely commissioned and type tested in factory

Conclusion: The Technical Concept BCS59x (2)


n

Premium Functionality
n n n n n

REC316*4 (Control, Monitoring,Backup Protection,LON Bus Seamless integration in SA System Unlimited IO with RIO580 Touch Screen Enhanced Monitoring (Control and Protection) => Minimize maintenance and operational cost for the customer

ABB Power Automation - 62 2004-06-07

List of content
n n n n n n n
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Advanced Power System Management Substation Automation: Conventional to modern SA Bay Control Solutions Substation Automation System Substation Monitoring System Redundancy and Availability Questions and Answers

List of content
n n n n n n n
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Advanced Power System Management Substation Automation: Conventional to modern SA Bay Control Solutions Substation Automation System Substation Monitoring System Redundancy and Availability Questions and Answers

List of content
n n n n n n n
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Advanced Power System Management Substation Automation: Conventional to modern SA Bay Control Solutions Substation Automation System Substation Monitoring System Redundancy and Availability Questions and Answers

Increase of availability
Two parameters to increase the availability
A= MTTF MTTF + MTTR

Increase MTTF Reduce MTTR

ABB Power Automation - 66 2004-06-07

Increase of availability
Increase MTTF:
n n n

High quality components and subsystems Reduce number of components Redundancy where it makes sense
n n

only critical system part should be designed redundant redundant parts means also higher costs in hardware and engineering redundant parts means also higher maintenance costs

n
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Distributed system architecture increases system availability (system with graceful degradation or functional redundancy)

Increase of availability
Critical System Parts (MTBF)
n n n n n n n
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Event printer Personal computer Ethernet Switch Industrial computer PLC Protection IED Star coupler Ethernet Hub Optical connection

8000h 22500h 100000h 125000h 150000h 870000h 925000h 1040000h 11750000h

n n

Increase of availability
Reduce MTTR
Self supervision, diagnostics available Repair time
n n n

only with a short repair time a system increases the availability all parts also the redundant parts must be supervised, on a fault the system will not crash, but must be repaired to provide a very short repair time spare parts must be available (e.g. same HW platform for control and protection IEDs is an advantage concerning number of spare parts)

ABB Power Automation - 69 2004-06-07

Conclusion
Redundancy Chart
Availability MTTF for repair Costs

Redundancy at the correct place To increase the system availability significant parts with the lowest MTTF should be redundant first. More components cause a shorter interval to repair faulty parts and increases investment as well as maintenance costs.

ABB Power Automation - 70 2004-06-07

number of redundant components

Enhanced SAS - SAS530


Standard
Hard Copy Printer Event Printer Workplace GPS Station Computer / HMI Service Modem Alarm Unit Tele Communication Remote Access

Option Bay Level

Gateway Printer Server

Ethernet (TCP/IP)

LON Bus
Star Coupler Front-end

IEC60870-5-103

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ABB IEDs for Protection and Control

Third Party IEDs

ABB Power Automation - 72 2004-06-07

Conventional and Modern Architecture


Modern Architecture

ABB Power Automation - 73 2004-06-07

ABB SAS Components


n

Station Computer
n n n

PC Industrial Optional with redundant power supply and redundant hard disk Redundant configuration (Hot stand-by) possible

Gateway
n n n

Modular design Parallel processing Industrial HW Redundant power supply as option

ABB Power Automation - 74 2004-06-07

ABB SAS Components


n

LON Star Coupler RER111


n n n n n

highest reliability due to Only optical connections No intelligent function No fan Optional redundant power supply

ABB Power Automation - 75 2004-06-07

ABB SAS Components


GPS Receiver Control IED

n
Segment 1

Distributed architecture Seamless integration of control and protection IEDs HMI and Gateway independent All connections with glass fiber optic, star configuration Segmentation supported

n n n

Gateway Star Coupler Station Computer /HMI

Protection IED

Control IED

Segment 2

Star Coupler

Protection IED

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RER111

ABB SAS Components


n

Independent Master clock (does not rely on station computer or gateway) Direct connected to the interbay bus All connections with glass fiber optic cable

n n Glass fiber

ABB Power Automation - 77 2004-06-07

ABB SAS Components


LON BUS

Control IED
n

High reliable hardware (based on protection IEDs) Optical interbay bus connection

Backup mimic
n

Works independent of the control IED in the emergency mode

ABB Power Automation - 78 2004-06-07

Primary Equipment Solution Library

Architecture Comparison
ABB System
GPS GW Star coupler SC, HMI Prot BCU

Time sync. loop

Competitor System
GPS HMI Hub Patch Panel Patch Panel Hub Surge prot. Surge prot. GW, SC GW, SC Surge prot. Surge prot. Hub Patch Panel BCU HMI
ABB Power Automation - 79 2004-06-07

Prot

Hub

Hub

Hub

Patch Panel

GW: Gateway SC: Station Computer HMI: Human Machine Interface BCU: Bay Control Unit Prot.: Protection Device GPS: GPS Receiver for time synchronisation

Coax Cable Serial electrical cable

Fibre Optic Cable

ABB SAS Solutions


n

High reliable bay control unit (same HW as for protection) Local Mimic as emergency backup High reliable star coupler with optional redundant power supply Time synchronisation independent of the station level Station HMI and Gateway are independent All communication from bay level up to the station level is using glass FO only (no media conversion) Minimal number of components in line Integration of protection IED independent of bay control unit

n n

n n n
ABB Power Automation - 80 2004-06-07

n n

ABB Power Automation - 81 2004-06-07

Questions and Answers

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