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Holophane Expressway'. Luminaire

Safe pole setback upto 4Oi Economical pole-top mounting. Optimum visibility for drivers.

Polecollisions, a serious problem for the highwayengineer.


The American Association of State Highrvay Ollicials underscores the problem of light pole collisions

Poles set back 12' to 15'with impact attenuation devices.

This solution includes most of the unsatisfactory characteristics of 20'to 40'pole setback, and adds
some new ones,

o.

of

For examplc, there is a distulbing "flicker etrect" poles thizzing by the cars. In addition, there is

in its "Informational Griide for Roatilrvar- Lighting," and offers recommendations for eliminating this serious safety hazard: When light poles are located alongside the highway, and rvhere no protective barriers are required, AASHO recommends that the poles be placed outside the continuons clear roadside recovely area, a zone rvhich may extend from 20' to 40'back flom the travelled rvay. Because of the limitations of conventional lighting equipment and rvhere praciical considelations make deep pole setback impossible, AASHO recommendations allow poles as close as 12'to 15'from the
travelled roadrvay.
Horvever, lvhen poles are located in the clear roadside area, they shonld have a suitable impact attenuation feature - a cast aluminum transformer base, a frangible base insert or adapter, a breakal'ay or progressile sherl ba.p or a s'if basc.

the acldecl cost of the impact attenuation devices. And since poies are located in the clear roadside alea, consideration should be given to the added cost of replacing poles g'hen the inevitable collisions occnr. Poles behind guardrails and barriers.

This solution is only feasible in those areas lvhere guardrails or barriers rvotild otherwise be used. And

it poses the same lighting and maintenance problems as the previous tu'o solntions. The unconventional solulion.
Holophane Expressway luminaire.

This radically different lighting system provides safe pole setback up to 40'rvith none of the compromises inherent in conventional systems; olTers an important and dr-amatic improvement in highrvay lighting; and does the job at a lorver cost. EXPRESS,
\YAY

featrlres all of the follorving a(lvantages:


economical.
oD

Where barriers or guardrails exist or are otherlvise needed, poles mav be located behind them. How-

lllore

ever, AASHO states that barriers and guardrails


should not be installed solely to prevent pole collisions.

Any of these recommendations 20' to 40' pole 12'to 15'setback with an impact attenuation feature, or locating poles behind protective barriers leave the highrvay engineer 1\''ith the clilllcult problem of achieving good ancl safe lighting at an
setback,
economical cost.

costly, extrastrength poles or lon g mounting


arms are required. And secon d, because EXPRESSwAY

mount directly

Irirst,

standard tenon top poles, no

because

the

luminaires

lt'tTtTt
EXPRESSWAY LUM!NAIAES

The conventional solutions.


20'to 40'pole setback with long, overhanging mounting arms.

7:1 as compared with 5:1 required f ol conventional luminaires of the


same wattage. This

luminaires plovide a spacing ratio of

[l

Lllr

t1.l

Fig. 1. Comparison of the number of units required 10 light a typical /a -rnile stretch of highway.

rednces

lVhile this solution cloes meet the safety criteria outJined by AASHO, it is highly unsatisfactory for the follorving reasons: Uneconomical. The long arms recluire extla heavyduty poles and special bases to support their weight. Difficult and dangerous to maintain. \tork on luminaires must be performed above the roadway itself, obstructing trallc and causing a dangerous distraction for passing motorists. Less than optimum lighting. The long line of luminaires extending over the roadway sets up a succession of distracting glare spots in the vision lield of the driver. In addition, the location of the luminaires results in a psychologically constlicting "tunnel of light" elTect. That is, the roadrvay surface is lighted,

30ll the number of pol es and lu minaires normally required with conven-

by

nearly

but peripheral areas are in relative darkness. Esthetically unattractive. During daylight hours, the motorist is faced with a succession of long overhanging mounting arms in his line of sight.

tional systems. Sjmple and safe to nraintain. All work is performed from a standard bucket truck parked off the roadl'ay. There ale also ferver units to sei'vice, so the sysFig.2. A standard bucket trLrck parked off the roadway easily tem provides conreaches ExPFESSWAY lu m in aire tinuing savings in sei back up to 40'. operating costs. Better highway lighting. The entire area, from the base of the pole rp to and including the median strip, is lighted. This improvement in overall illumination helps increase the motorist's visual performance.

\ I

Esthetically pleasing, EXPRESS\1'AY hrminaires have r clean, nrL/lpt n irnl oalancc. And the r'u.osl unil" ron llelr.'J ' rrl , f no ,ll iver'c nu.rrrl fiplil ^l ".. visiorl. l\'hile more distant luminailes are at the far corner oI his viervjng range.

Expressway luminaires create an entirely new nighttime driving expenence.


ExpRESswAy gives the

The ExpRESSw\y lr.iminaire, on the other hand, was tlesigned specificalll to mcet AASHO recommendations. The luninaire plovides balancecl performance with optimum utilization of available light energy rvith wide poJe spacing and setbacks of up to 40'from the highrvay. Typical performance for EXPRESSwIv luminaires is shorvn in the table on page 4.

A good

neighbor in urban environments.


EXPRESSwAY
eliminates the prob-

drivel an expanded field of

vierv. His experience is moi'e like the open feeling of daylight driving than the closed-in feeling created

by conventional lighting. The luminaire minimizes the problem of eye adaptation lectuired to compensate for the difference between Ioadway

lem of light spillover into adjacent lesidential ne ighboi'hoods. The lum-

inaires are aimed

tcr

illumination

lighting in surrounding aleas.

and

light only the driving environment, the roadway and i mmed i ate surrounding areas.

Fig.4. ExPFEsswAY luminaire with glass refractor removed to reveal the specially-contoured internal rei ector designed to permit wide
spacine.

addition, the EXPRESSWAY luminai re give s the motorist fuller pe-

In

ripheral vision,

dynamic driving situation at any


given moment.
A11

thus allol'ing him to better assess his

A sophisticated optical train. ExpRnsswAy lnminailes al,e designed $'ith a specially contoured internal leflector and a ihermal shock-resistant ENDURAL!. glass lefractor for optimum control of light.

tors, along with greatly reduced


glare, combine to minimize motorist nighttime dliving
experience.

of these fac-

stress and create a safer, more relaxed

A choice of lamps for every situation. Exl'RasswAy is available for, Llse with a rvide range of lamps to suit all tyDes of highway conditions. Where lo\\,et light levels ale lecluired, the 250W high plessute sodium ald the 400\V metcury vapor or me rl halide soulces may offer the best solution. For applications reqniring higher light levels, the ExpREsswAy optical system efficiently controls 400W
high pressnre sodinm anrl 1000W mercury vapor and

Fiq. 3.

ExPREsswAY luminaires

metal halide lamps.

combine clean, modern look with rugged, functlonal design.

Economical spacing ratios.


ExpRESS\\-Ay luminaires are designed to be used at :r spacing latio u| to 7:1 near'ly 30% more econr) ical thall the 5:1 slacing ratio available rvith

0.6 fc maint:1ined l'ith a l]/1 to 4,/1 average to minimum unifolmity r'atio oti the t'oaclrvay. \Vith conventional hlninair:es. it is often dilllcult oi' uneconomical to baLlancc these parametels. For example, a uDiformity of 311 to 4/1 average to minimLrm may not be obtainable rvith a given luminaire

Balanced performance to meel AASHO lighting reco m me nd al io ns. A-A.SHO |ecommenclations call fot a iight level of

almost all conventional

lu

minaires.
costs,

Longer spacing means lorvet eqnipment

lo\\'el installation costs. lowel naintenance costs and lorver pos'er consumptionAll this, l.ith a mar-ked improvement in the quality of the highrvay lighting and the safety of 20'to 40'
pole setback.

spaced to provide 0.6 fc.t!ln this case, poles rvould have to be spaced closer totiethel to satisfl'thc uniformity cliteria. As a re,qult, illumination levels as

Easier, safer maintenance. A bucket tt'nck parked off the traveled


easily reaches
ExpRE-ss\1'AY

roadrvay

well as equipment, installation and operating costs increase. and maintenance becomes more time consuming and expensive.
'The Federa
levels

luminailes set back up to 40'from the highway. No maintenance is performed over the roadrvay, so traffic flows smoothly without obstmction or distractiol.

!p

1o

H ghway Adm n stratlon w L on y pan cipate 0.6 lc n most inslances.

lor luminat on

Expresswav luminaire Derformance data.


Applica- Applicalion tion width ........24'
Lane

Applicaiion
Diagram

250W HPS, LU-250, 25500 Lumens

Pertormance with Various Lamps' 400w HPs, 400W Clear Mer., 400w MH,
LU-400, 50000 Lumens
1.75

H33-1CD, 20600 Lumens

M-400, 33000 Lumen.

High-

setback ....40' Luminaire

i i;
L;

height ......40'
SDacino
Three Lane

m ountin g

,.,'

3-l; 'fa-l'F:'r;
s

];

Average initial lishl level (lc) Average/mjnimum un ilormity


Maxira
u rn

083
2.a/ l

078
2_3/ 1

134
2.1/1

3/1 9/1
1.95
3 6/1

an

in im um

uniformlly Average inilial

9/1 oa7 3/1 10/


l

7/1
0.85

5/l
'I 44
2.6/
1

widih ........36'
High-

setback....30'
Luminaire
m ountin g

spacinq ..

height ......40'

ii ;i l;i ;i ..
'--'

lishl Ievel (fc)

Averase/min imum

-J;[\'.

d uniformity
Maximum/minimum uniformiiy

2-7/1

"

10/

a/l
ior merc!ry and melal halide.
Cor )fficient ot

6/1

conract Holophane lor pedormance wilh 1000W mercury and metal halid tamps.

"spacins: 280'1or HPSi

240'

Photometric data.400W HPS, at 45' tilt position (40,mounting height).


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Disla..e

Dimensional data-

Specification & ordering data.


Luminaire
Calalog

1210-000-0 1000w

cq

Lamp Descriplion
MH

Type'

Approx. Wgt. in Lbs.


'109

1215-000-0

400W 1220-000-0 1000W 1225-000-0 400W 1230-000-0 400W '1235-000-0 250W


a

MH

HPS HPS

Mercury Mercury

Constanl Watlage Voltase Slabilized Vollage Stabilized


b

Peak Lead Aulo. Constant Watiage Auto.

86 102

85
100

85

'All ballasts are high power iactor. Other ballasl typos available upon request.

- Denoles primary voltage,


Specifyi
or 480

120,208,240,277 volls

Denoles oplional accessories. Specify: R NEMA Dhotocell receptacle

Highway Lighting Package


Calalog Number

qqe

HLP-00-0-00-" "Denotes complele luminaire cataloq number as delermined


c

above,

Denotes pole height. Specify: 30', 35', 40', 45', 50' or 60'. Denotes number oi lumlnaires. Specify: 1 or 2 as req'.rired Denoles pole material and iype

ol mounting, Specify: AJ - aluminum, anchor base AE aluminum, direct embedment SJ Sleel, anchor base SE Steel, direct embedmenl

Pole Noles: 1. Holophane standard poles furn ished. For poJes designed to AASHO or other criteria. contact local Holophane sales engineer. 2. lmpact altenuation. slip and lranslormer bases are available. Order by
3. For steel poles, specily

(1) Twin, trigger-action door lalches for quick, easy access to all internal components. (2) Buiit-in sighls for quick, sure optical alignment ol main beam. (3) Lamp socket permanenlty attached to reilector to assure proper positioning. (4) Rugged cast atuminum housing with baked enamel flnish. (5) NEMA photocell recepiacle available. (6) Ballasts 250W & 400W high pressure sodium,400W & 1000W mercury,400W & 1000W metat hatide. (7) Horizontal alignment by means oJ teveling botts. (8) Verticat adjustmenl by means of glove-sized knob. Lock nut provided to secure position. (9) Slipiitler will accommodate 2!e" to 3,, aD pole ienon. May be used with any type pole - steet, atuminum, concrete or wood. (10) Eorosilicaie prismatic glass reiractor set in cast aluminum door irame. (11) Combinalion neoprene/potyester fiber gasketing system lor weather tight, breathins seit.

You can obtain a compiete highrvay lighting packunder-deck, sign, interchange and straight-atvay lighting. For complete information, application assistance, computer-aided design and cost studies, ancl sample units for trial installation, contact your
local Hoiophane sales engineer.
age from Holophane, including units

for underpass,

prime palnted or galvanized.

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7370F-5

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