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1~1an1c cue~:1on~ on a +1de +ar1e:+ o1 :op1c~ +n1cn na+e Ieen an~+ered 1n de:a11 +1:n 1u11
e×p1ana:1on I+ :ne ¿rea: Aar]a' (ac11d. .+a:u11Jn a1-'1znJ a1-1J]] a~n-5na+1n 1uI1u11Jn a~-5J1I a1-
Cu1¡J+¿JnI /na+ .11Jn ¡ro1ec1 n1n)
(ran~1a1ed 1n1o 1n¿11~n I+ 5a1een 1n1n]1 /+++.a1-nuI1n.or¿)
Ouoslion: IIoaso convov lo us lho numbor of namos vhich aro cIassifiod as lho .~nJ` a1-1u~nJ.
.n~+er: As for lho namos of AIIah vhich havo boon monlionod in lho NobIo Our'an and accordinu lo somo of lho booIs of
commonlarv (of lho Our'an), lhis lolaI is 127.
AIIamah MajIisi ÁººÇ ²¾ë, has dodicalod lho lhird chaplor of his booI (Bihar aI-Anvar) lo (a+nId and in lho soclion of 11~
^ane~. (ne Ao~: 11¿n, ho has a chaplor caIIod, (ne nunIer o1 nane~ o1 .11Jn. :ne Ao~: 11¿n and :ne Iene11:~ o1
enunera:1n¿ :nen and :ne1r connen:ar+.´ (Bihar aI-Anvar, VoIumo 4, Iauo 1S1)
Accordinu lo lho ahadilh in roIiabIo booIs such as Aa]na' a1-1a+Jn (VoIumo 7, Iauo 3) and a:-(a+nId of ShavIh Saduq
(Iauo 194 and 219) and in lho booIs of commonlarv of lho Asma' aI-Husna, il has boon monlionod lhal AIIah, lho Mosl
Hiuh has 99 namos and vhosoovor onumoralos lhoso viII onlor inlo Iaradiso. Il shouId bo monlionod lhal lhoso 99 namos
havo boon roIalod ono bv ono in a ahadilh (.:-(a+n1d, Soclion 32, Iauo 312 lo 36S).
ShavIh as-Saduq, mav morcv bo shovorod upon him, slalos: ¨(ne nean1n¿ o1 enunera:1n¿ :ne~e nane~ 1~ no: ~1np1+
coun:1n¿ :nen. ra:ner. 1: nean~ :o na+e a deep co¿n12ance o1 :ne1r nean1n¿ and :o na+e a conp1e:e under~:and1n¿ o1 :ne
VV nane~ o1 .11Jn.¨
In lho booIs lhal offor a commonlarv of lho .~nJ` a1-1u~nJ, lhoso 99 namos aro oxpIainod and commonlod upon. AIso in
his booI a:-(a+nId, ShavIh as-Saduq has uivon a commonlarv for oach of lhoso namos. Kafami, in his booI A1-IJn, Ibn
aI-Fahd in his booI '1dda:u1 1J'I (Iauo 29S-316) and olhor uroal schoIars havo aIso vrillon commonlarios on lhoso namos
and il is dofiniloIv bonoficiaI for lho boIiovors lo rofor lo lhoso booIs lo incroaso lhoir InovIoduo in roforonco lo lhoso
namos.
From somo of lho ahadilh, il can bo doducod lhal lho Asma' aI-Husna lolaI 360 (a:-(a+nId of Saduq, Iauo 191. Tho
commonlarv of lhis hadilh can bo found in lho nov prinlinu of 11nJr a1-.n+Jr, VoIumo 4, Iauos 167 lo 172). Accordinu lo
vhal has boon narralod bv MajIisi, Savvid AIiIhan and Kafami (A1-IJn 1a1'anI, Iauo 349: 11nJr a1-.n+Jr, VoIumo 4,
Ï
Iauo 211: Connen:ar+ o1 a~-5anI1an a~-5a]]ad1+an, commonlarv of lho fiflh suppIicalion) lho lolaI numbor of namos of
AIIah is 4,000.
Il is possibIo lhal lho moaninu of AIIah havinu 99 namos vhich has boon monlionod in lho firsl hadilh aro lhoso namos
vhich aro lho mosl nobIo, voII Inovn, cIoarosl, mosl suilabIo, and mosl lrulhfuI in roIalion lo vhom lhov aro boinu
allribulod lo. Il is aIso possibIo lhal aII olhor namos uIlimaloIv rolurn bacI and rofor lo lhoso oriuinaI 99 namos.
Somolimos, il is monlionod lhal if vo IooI al difforonl aspocls and ruIos of a parlicuIar Ianuuauo, lhoro couId acluaIIv bo a
Iaruor numbor of namos (vhich couId bo dorivod), and from lhis poinl of viov, lho Asma' aI-Husna vouId lolaI ovor 4000
namos. Somolimos, vhon lho namo is appondod or usod as a compound vord, a Iaruo numbor of namos can bo mado and
vilh lhis is mind, lhoro is lruIv no Iimil or ond lo lho namos of AIIah.
For oxampIo, lho namo aI-KhaIiq (êó¢l¦) vhich is a namo ilsoIf, hovovor, if il is usod in conjunclion vilh olhors, lhis namo
laIos on olhor moaninus such as: KhaIiq aI-Ardh (µ°¦êó¢»), KhaIiq as-Samaval (©¦Â¢øÈó¦êó¢»), KhaIiq ash-Shajar (êó¢»
´ºÌó¦), KhaIiq aI-IibaI (¾¢¦j¦êó¢»), KhaIiq aI-Insan (À¢Èû¦êó¢»), olc. and lho samo can uo for namos such as AI-Fatir (Â×¢èó¦),
AI-Bari (Ä°¢º¦ó¦), AI-Raziq (¼±¦Âººó¦), AI-Kafi (?¢ðó¦), AI-Rabb (§Âó¦), AI-Kashif (æË¢ðó¦) and a Iaruo numbor of lho Asma' aI-
Husna.
From anolhor poinl of viov, aII Iivinu lhinus and aII of lho croalions of AIIah aro in acluaIilv Asma' aI-Husna sinco a namo
is somolhinu lhal donolos or rofors lo lhal vho namod il and lho namo is a vav lo Inov or rocounizo somolhinu and is lho
siun or boacon of lho ossonco of lhal vho possossos lho namo.
Tho prosonco of lho croalions of AIIah is an Äval or siun of lho prosonco of AIIah HimsoIf, lho vords of AIIah and lho
offocls of lho Mosl Hiuh. Tho mosl porfocl and mosl nobIo of lhoso namos aro lhoso of lho Irophol and lho Inlimalo
Frionds of lho roIiuion ospociaIIv lho FinaIilv of lho Irophols (Muhammad) and of courso lho 12
lh
A´immah, bIossinus of
AIIah bo upon aII of lhom.
Il has boon monlionod in a hadilh from Imam Iafar ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq, poaco bo upon him, lhal ho has said:
... ·`·· ·,, . ·,`· ·· ~ -' `¸· ¸ ` .` ` - ' . ` ·' `¸`-
¨1+ .11Jn/ ¼e are :ne .~nJ` a1-1u~nJ o1 +n1cn no one~ oIed1ence /o1 .11Jn) +111 Ie accep:ed e×cep: :nrou¿n co¿n12ance
o1 u~ /:ne .n1 a1-1aI:). a~ 1e na~ ~a1d. 5o ca11 upon 11n I+ :nen´¨ Tafsir as-Safi, VoIumo 1, Iauo 62S
Il is Inov lhal lhoso uroal individuaIs, from lho poinl of viov of lhoir ossonco or basic naluro, characlorislics, aclions and
spooch aro lho moans lo acquirinu a doopor counizanco of AIIah and lhov aro lruIv lho siuns and roprosonlalions and lho
uroalosl porlonls (of AIIah) and aro suroIv lho Asma' aI-Husna of AIIah, lho Mosl Hiuh.