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1~1an1c cue~:1on~ on a +1de +ar1e:+ o1 :op1c~ +n1cn na+e Ieen an~+ered 1n de:a11 +1:n 1u11
e×p1ana:1on I+ :ne ¿rea: Aar]a' (ac11d. .+a:u11Jn a1-'1znJ a1-1J]] a~n-5na+1n 1uI1u11Jn a~-5J1I a1-
Cu1¡J+¿JnI /na+ .11Jn ¡ro1ec1 n1n)
(ran~1a1ed 1n1o 1n¿11~n I+ 5a1een 1n1n]1 /+++.a1-nuI1n.or¿)
Cue~:1on: Koopinu in mind lho imporlanco of lho WiIavah of Amir aI-Mo'minin (poaco bo upon him) in lho Madhhab of lho
Shia, vhal is lho socrol lhal boarinu vilnoss lo lho Imamah of lhis uroal porsonaIilv in lho Adhan, Iqamah and lho
Tashahhud of lho SaIal has nol boon proscribod and slipuIalod oxcopl bv vav of boinu road lo brinu bIossinus (as a
rocommondod acl)`
.n~+er: Tho inslancos and occasions of (spocific) spooch aro variod, and oIoquonco in spooch and discourso aro aII basod
on lho circumslancos and lhoir oxiuoncv.
Somolimos vhal is roquirod is brovilv (in spooch), and al olhor limos, a dolaiIod accounl is vhal is roquirod (in spooch).
In lhoso inslancos (Adhan, Iqamah and Tashahhud), vhal is roquirod is nol dolaiIod accounl: ralhor, lho purposo or aim
(in lhoso acls) is lo boar vilnoss lo lhoso docIaralions vhich aro broad and comprohonsivo vhich incIudo aII lho lruo
boIiofs and vhich, lhrouuh brovilv and concisonoss, covor aII lhal vhich lho NobIo Irophol (bIossinus of AIIah bo upon him and
his famiIv) invilod poopIo lo and lhal vhich incIudos his onliro mossauo. To uo inlo dolaiI in lhoso acls of vorship vouId
sorvo as a broach of lho purposo (of lhoso acls) and vouId bo auainsl oIoquonco and lho ruIos of urammar (of Arabic) and
vouId rosuIl in sloppinu oulsido of lho spooch vhich is roquirod.
Tho boarinu vilnoss lo Tavhid (lho puro Ononoss of AIIah) vilh lho slalomonls (lhal form lho Adhan, Iqamah and
Tashahhud) conlain lho affirmalion lo aII of lho lruo idooIouios in roIalion lo AIIah (GIorifiod and ExaIlod is Ho) and His
quaIilios uroal is His namo from His Ononoss and aII of lho olhor Iosilivo (¨«¦¯) and Noualivo (¨¦ôÇ) characlorislics.
To uo inlo dolaiI in lhis aroa is nol suilabIo in lho Adhan, Iqamah and Tashahhud sinco lho purposo bohind proIonuinu lho
spooch in a parlicuIar inslanco is onIv suilabIo vhon lhal vhich musl bo monlionod is nol onIv approprialo, bul nocossarv
lo bo dono (and in lhoso casos, il is nol). Thus, il is nol dono.
AIso, boarinu vilnoss lo lho RisaIah or roIo of lho Mossonuor incIudos aII of lho lhooIouicaI boIiofs lhal aro roIalod lo
convovinu a mossauo such as: uuidanco, convovinu lho slalion of lho roIo of a Mossonuor and lho issuo of Imamalo,
rosurroclion and lho raisinu up aflor doalh and lho sproadinu oul of poopIos from lhoir uravos, Iaradiso and HoII, lho
rools of lho RoIiuion (Furu ad-Din), praclicaI Iavs of IsIam (AhIam) and aII olhor issuos. To uo inlo dolaiI in lhis aroa in
lho Adhan, Iqamah and Tashahhud vouId uo auainsl lho ruIos of oIoquonco and vouId rosuIl in our spooch boinu dravn
oul.
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Thoroforo, sonloncos havo boon uivon lo us lhal conlain aII of lho lhooIouicaI boIiofs and vhich aIso invilo olhors lo IsIam.
Tho boarinu vilnoss lo lho boIiof in Imamalo is jusl as boarinu vilnoss lo lho rosurroclion dav and lho slalions lhal musl
bo lravorsod aflor doalh and aII olhor lhinus and lhis vas nol mado obIiualorv upon us sinco in lhoso acls of vorship, lho
inlonlion is lo bo briof and conciso.
If ono of lhoso issuos vhich is a consoquonco or oulcomo of boarinu vilnoss and accoplinu lho Mossonuorship vouId
havo boon monlionod (in lho Adhan, Iqamah and Tashahhud), lhon olhors vouId havo brouuhl up lho aruumonl lhal,
¼n+ na+e o:ner 1~~ue~ no: Ieen Irou¿n: up?´ And if lhoso olhor issuos vouId havo boon monlionod (in lho Adhan,
Iqamah and Tashahhud), lhon lho aruumonl vouId havo boon brouuhl up auain lhal, ¼n+ na~ :n1~ o:ner 1~~ue no: Ieen
Irou¿n: up?´ and lhis vouId conlinuo for infinilv.
Thoroforo as an oxampIo, if lho bIossod namo of Amir aI-Mo'minin (poaco bo upon him) vas monlionod in lho Adhan, lhon il
vouId havo boon said, 5ee1n¿ a~ no+ 1: 1~ ]u~: a~ 1npor:an:. +n+ ~nou1d no: :ne nane~ o1 a11 :ne o:ner .´1nnan a1~o Ie
nen:1oned? .nd +n+ 1~ 1: :na: :ne I1e~~ed nane o1 1nJn 5Jn1I a1-2anJn /na+ .11Jn na~:en n1~ ad+en:) no: Ieen re1erred :o 1n
:ne .dnJn?´ And if lhoso voro lo bo monlionod lhon il vouId bo said, ¼n+ na~ :ne ~ecre: Ien1nd :ne occu1:a:1on and :ne
1on¿ 111e o1 :ne T2
:n
1nan no: nen:1oned 1n :ne .dnJn. 1cJnan or (a~nannud ~1nce :ne~e :oo are +er+ 1npor:an:?´ In
summarv, lhoso vhv, vhv, vhv aro manv and vouId novor ond.
Tho ansvor lo lhis is lhal lhoso acls of vorship and lhal vhich is road lhoroin aro nol inslancos conducivo lo uo inlo
dolaiI, as if lhov voro, lhon suroIv, lho dolaiIs vouId havo boon monlionod. Tho nocossilv of spooch in lhoso inslancos is
brovilv such lhal lho subjocl mallor lhal is lho foundalion of aII of lhoso olhor subjocls and lhooIouicaI boIiofs of IsIam and
vhich conlain lho loslimonv of aII lhoso issuos lhal havo boon monlionod abovo aro boro vilnoss lo. Thus, aII of lho
suppIomonlarv issuos viII aIso bo covorod accordinu lo lhal vhich is confirmod (in lho discussod Iinos of spooch).
Al lhis poinl, lhis issuo shouId aIso bo mado cIoar lhal lho boarinu vilnoss lo lho WiIavah nol vilh lho inlonlion of il
boinu somolhinu lhal is IouisIalod ralhor, as somolhinu lhal can bo boro vilnoss lo vilh lho inlonlion of sooIinu
bIossinus is nol a probIom in anv of lhoso sconarios. Thal vhich is our rosponsibiIilv and obIiualion in lho Adhan, Iqamah
and Tashahhud is (Iimilod lo) lhal vhich has boon monlionod and lhoro is nolhinu oIso lhal musl bo boro vilnoss lo.
Hovovor, bv vav of sooIinu bIossinus, ospociaIIv in lho Adhan and Iqamah and Ioopinu in mind lhal lhis Iino is nol
rocilod in lho Adhan vilh lho inlonlion lhal il is a parl of lho Adhan or Iqamah, il is pormillod. Wo musl romombor lhal
lhoro is no objoclion lo profossinu lo aII of lho olhor lrulhfuI boIiofs of lhooIouv such lhal a Iaruo uap of limo is nol pIacod
vilhin lho (obIiualorv) Iinos of lho Adhan and lhus, lhis loo is aIso nol a probIom and nol onIv is lhis pormillod, ralhor, il
is moro proforrod and lhoro is absoIuloIv no proof lo maIo lhis acl impormissibIo.
Il is imporlanl lo nolo lhal in addilion lo lhal vhich vas jusl monlionod, lhoro aro aIso somo olhor poinls vhich vo havo
in mind (lo discuss), hovovor, sinco lhal vhich vas monlionod is sufficionl for lho poopIo of inloIIiuonco, vo viII Ioavo il
al lhis.
Anolhor poinl musl aIso bo romomborod is lhal lho issuo of WiIavah is somolhinu lhal had boon monlionod and spoIon of
from lho bouinninu of lho appoinlmonl of lho Irophol (bIossinus of AIIah bo upon him and his famiIv). In roIalion lo lho oxouosis of
lho bIossod vorso of lho Ouran:
·È¦ : · Ì°`È¢ÈÂ
¨.nd +arn +our near re1a:1+e~ /C´ Aunannad/)¨ /5üran a1-5nu'arJ. 1er~e 2T4)
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In lho booIs of lho AhI aI-Sunnah and lho Shia, lhoro aro ahadilh lhal monlion lhal lho Irophol (bIossinus of AIIah bo upon him
and his famiIv) from lhoso vorv firsl davs of his appoinlmonl lo lho rosponsibiIilv of convovinu and invilinu his famiIv and
cIoso roIalivos lo lho Din of IsIam, had convovod lhis imporlanl issuo (of WiIavah) lo aII of lhom. In aII cIoarnoss and
EXIIICITNESS, lho Irophol (bIossinus of AIIah bo upon him and his famiIv) appoinlod and assiunod AIi (poaco bo upon him) lo lho
KhiIafah and WiIavah aflor himsoIf and lhoroaflor, in various inslancos, lho Irophol (bIossinus of AIIah bo upon him and his famiIv)
auain and auain, mado lhis announcomonl and lhon finaIIv in lho ond, al lho pIaco of Ghadir aI-Khumm, ho mado lho
slalion and ranI (of AIi) officiaI bv uliIizinu lho various coromonios and formaIilios (Bavah, olc.) and announcod lho
WiIavah and KhiIafah of AIi (poaco bo upon him) lo aII lhal voro prosonl.

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