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1~1an1c cue~:1on~ on a +1de +ar1e:+ o1 :op1c~ +n1cn na+e Ieen an~+ered 1n de:a11 +1:n 1u11
e×p1ana:1on I+ :ne ¿rea: Aar]a' (ac11d. .+a:u11Jn a1-'1znJ a1-1J]] a~n-5na+1n 1uI1u11Jn a~-5J1I a1-
Cu1¡J+¿JnI /na+ .11Jn ¡ro1ec1 n1n)
(ran~1a1ed 1n1o 1n¿11~n I+ 5a1een 1n1n]1 /+++.a1-nuI1n.or¿)
Cue~:1on: Whv has lho namo of AIi (poaco bo upon him) and lho olhor A'immah nol boon spocificaIIv monlionod in lho
Our'an`
.n~+er: Firsl off, onIv AIIah (GIorifiod and ExaIlod is Ho) Inovs vhv his namo or lho namos of lho olhor A'immah voro nol
monlionod in lho Our'an.
SocondIv, il is possibIo lhal if lho namo of lhis uroal porsonaIilv and lho olhor A'immah voro spocificaIIv monlionod in lho
Our'an, lhon lhoso vho voro opposod lo lhom vouId havo romovod lhoir namos from lho Our'an and lhus, causod lahrif
(chanuo or aIloralion) in lho loxl of lhis booI lo occur.
ThirdIv, lho roasons for lho rovoIalion of lho vorsos of lho Our'an al lho limo vhon lhov voro boinu rovoaIod voro Inovn
and lho purposo for lho rovoIalion of lho vorsos voro diroclIv roIalod lo parlicuIar incidonls lhal voro occurrinu and lhus
lhoro aro vorsos of lho Our'an vhich spoaI in praiso of Amir aI-Mo'minin AIi (poaco bo upon him) and lhoso aro voII Inovn.
An oxampIo of lhis is lho vorso of (aI11¿n in vhich il is slalod:
: `¸ · :` .`' · ·..
.Con+e+ :na: +n1cn na~ Ieen re+ea1ed :o +ou I+ +our 1ord /C´ Aunannad).
T
And in roIalion lo lho rovoIalion of lhis vorso, il has boon narralod from companions such as AbduIIah ibn Masud lhal ho
usod lo road lhis vorso in lho foIIovinu mannor:
..·.' · · .' ·,, : `¸ · :` .` ' · ·..
.Con+e+ :na: +n1cn na~ Ieen re+ea1ed :o +ou I+ +our 1ord /C´ Aunannad) //:na: cer:a1n1+ '.1I 1~ :ne Aa+1J o1 a11 :ne
Ie11e+er~)).
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Surah aI-Maidah, Vorso 3
2
Tafsir ad-Durr aI-Manlhur, Suvuti
Ï
Whon lhis vorso vas sonl dovn, il vas Inovn lo ovorvono lhal aIlhouuh lho vordinu of il vas uonoraI, hovovor lho
occasion of rovoIalion of lhis vorso and lho parlicuIar moaninu of il vas in roIalion lo lho porson of Amir aI-Mo'minin AIi
(poaco bo upon him) and in somo olhor vorsos of lho Our'an lhal voro rovoaIod, lho firsl, mosl porfocl, compIolo and nobIosl
appIicabiIilv is lhal of AIi (poaco bo upon him).
Tho morils and virluos of AIi (poaco bo upon him) aro Inovn lo aII poopIo vho havo InovIoduo (of lho booIs of ahadilh and
havo sludiod lhom) jusl as lho sun is apparonl for aII lo soo in lho dav-limo.
In addilion lo lhis, lhoro aro lvo inslancos in lho Our'an vhoro lho vord AIi (¯·) is monlionod: vhich accordinu lo somo
of lho commonlarios of lho Our'an, ils moaninu is nono olhor lhan Amir aI-Mo'minin (poaco bo upon him) and from lho poinl
of viov of lho ruIos of Arabic urammar, il is possibIo lhal lhis vord lruIv rofors lo Amir aI-Mo'minin AIi (poaco bo upon him)
and lhus, is nol somolhinu lhal can bo doniod.
Tho firsl incidonl is in Surah Mariam, vorso 50 vhoro il slalos:
††¢¢ôôßß ·`. . `.` · - ` - `¸ · `.` `·
.nd ¼e Ie~:o+ed o1 Cur Aerc+ on :nen. and ¼e ¿ran:ed :nen 1o1:+ /'.1I+an) nonour on :ne :on¿ue o1 :ru:n.
Tho socond is in Surah aI-ZuIhruf, vorso 4 vhoro il slalos:
öð· ôàŠó .´' ·' · `·`
.nd +er11+. 1: 1~ 1n :ne Ao:ner o1 :ne 1oo1. 1n Cur 1re~ence. n1¿n /1n d1¿n1:+) /11'a1I+un). 1u11 o1 +1~don.
For oxacl roforoncos on lhoso lvo vorsos, pIoaso rofor lo lho booI, Shavahid al-TanziI, vrillon bv HasaIani, and lho Tafsir
of lho Our'an bv Iahiji and olhor commonlarios of lho Our'an.