The Educator’s Puzzleshop

Thank you for purchasing The Teacher’s Puzzleshop! This book hopes to entertain you, while at the same time provide some food for thought. Most of the puzzles contained in this book are similar to puzzles you find in the logic books. I have developed a few new types of puzzles based on merging two known types of problems. I have also intertwined some interesting facts concerning our wonderful profession – teaching! Dr. Rebecca Sanders 3/8/2013

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS Logic Problem 1 – The Andrew’s Household .............................................................................. 3 My favorite math lessons: .......................................................................................................... 4 Sudoku #1.................................................................................................................................. 5 CRYPTOQUIZZES .................................................................................................................... 6 The Teacher’s Dream ................................................................................................................ 8 CRYPTOGRAMS ....................................................................................................................... 9 Statistics Sum-up ......................................................................................................................11 CROSSWORD PUZZLE #1 ......................................................................................................11 Logic Puzzle #2 - Instructors Love Quotes, Too! ...................................................................15 Exercise your brain! ..................................................................................................................15 Trifecto Puzzler .........................................................................................................................20 An Interesting Teaching Strategy: .............................................................................................22 Cross Sums #2 .........................................................................................................................25 Mad Minute Math Skills .............................................................................................................25 Word search .............................................................................................................................26 Word Search .............................................................................................................................27 I Dropped my Tiles!! ..................................................................................................................27 Sudoku #2.................................................................................................................................28 Crossword Puzzle #2 ................................................................................................................28 SOLUTIONS .............................................................................................................................31 References and other resources ...............................................................................................44

2

Logic Problem 1 – The Andrew’s Household

Solution is on page 31.

3

My favorite math lessons:
Frog Olympics – 4th grade – 1 week – time, distance, measuring, metric or standard, rank ordering Teach the students how to create a frog using origami. You can find directions for this on the Internet. Have the students experiment with different sizes of paper to create different types of frogs. Some frogs will be better at high jumps, while others will be better at longer jumps. While they are preparing their different frogs, have students plan the Olympic events such as the 100 cm dash or a high jump. The next day, students can choose which even they want to monitor and build any elements they need to host the event. Students will be responsible for monitoring the event to make sure everyone gets their chance to complete in the event they desire. Students are also responsible for any measurement of time or distance, and must determine some type of ethics committee or way to settle disputes. Once students have their final frog that they wish to enter in each event, have them name and sign up their frog on a signup sheet for each event. On the final day, hold your Frog Olympics. Remember to create awards to embellish on the winners for each event.

Graphing Exercise – 2nd grade – 1 day – sorting, graphing, counting Provide an equal amount of small objects that have different colors. Create and distribute a worksheet that has nothing but enough cells where students can layout the beads and graph the colors. I used M&Ms for my lesson, although that may not be the best choice for today’s students. At the end of the lesson, the reward for correctly graphing the M&Ms was to be able to eat them. Maybe multicolored beads would be better – and the lesson could be completed sometime around Mother’s Day so the students could finish with making a necklace to give to their mother.

Tangrams Tangrams are an ancient Chinese puzzle. The puzzle contains 7 pieces, 5 triangles, 1 parallelogram, and 1 square. These 7 pieces can make several different shapes that you can use in a variety of ways. Tangram puzzles can help teach geometry (shapes) and increase spatial reasoning skills (logic). I made a set of Tangrams for each student out of construction paper, which was laminated to help preserve the pieces. I also made the shapes for children to attempt to create from their own Tangrams at their desk. The shape was placed on the chalkboard each morning so students could enter class and settle in while everyone arrived and I took attendance and lunch money. The solution was shown on the back side of the Tangram shape, and students could check their work when they were done to see if they came up with the same conclusion. I have included a Tangram puzzle at the end of this book if you would like to try this activity. You can download the shapes from the Internet. One great website is tangrams.ca. 4

Sudoku #1: Changing education
One of my favorite math puzzles is the Sudoku. There’s a twist to this one, though. Once you solve the Sudoku, place the numbers in their color-coded grid below. Once finished, you will see the results of the teachers in the survey’s ideas on ways to change education as described by the NCES survey. 2 2 5 3 9 8 6 2 7 3 2 5 9 4 5 3 3 5 7 4 9 3 3 7 2 9 1 1 6

2 % increase in favoring merit pay % decrease in pay based on seniority % decrease in pay based on educational level % increase in pay based on high demand schools % increase in pay based on high demand subjects % decrease in pay based on a career ladder % believe standardized testing is effective in qualifying teachers % agree that completing a teacher preparation program is effective in qualifying teachers % increase in those who favor getting rid of tenure % increase in those who favor getting rid of unions stated the best way to improve education was to allow greater participation in decision% making from teachers.

Solution is on page 37.

5

CRYPTOQUIZZES
Cryptoquizzes are a type of puzzle that is really a code. For example, in one of the Cryptoquizzes below, the letter B stands for H. Each list uses a different code, but each word in the list will use the same code. See if you can uncover the specific key words for each of the theorists below.

Piaget NVCNZXQWZHZX UXVZUVXIHQZCIM EZCEXVHV ZUVXIHQZCIM JZXWIM ZUVXIHQZCIM ZRGVEH UVXWICVCEV XVJMVTVN QCHVXCIMQFIHQZC VYZEVCHXQNW EZCNVXPIHQZC

Skinner HWBQGRYXRMD JWFQERGW SYMRERGW NRIWL NRIWL XWRJNYXUWDWJE XWRJNYXUWDWJE

RJEWXGQT XQERY UYJLRERYJRJF HYI

YSWXQJE

MPRJJWX’M XQJLYD

SXYFXQDDWL

RJMEXOUERYJ

Erikson GIFHG NRHGIFHG ZFGLMLNB HSZNV RMW FHGIB RMUVIRLIRGB RWVMGRGB

Freud SL YUW MQVYNYUW LNYIDM NYVNYMMSWX PNIXMZYNYXKY CSJSLW

6

Bandura KEJUSEIOM YAUSZEZQ

Vygotsky RSGLLZTJYCP YCCVX RHVVSA JVMVTZHKVCQ RHVVSA

UJXOEMEPEIZ UMMEREYUPEIZ MAYL–ALLEJUJD EGAZPELEJUPEIZ EREPUPA MIJEUY YAUSZEZQ

SZPCYQYMV RZSYGTYDVJ RZSYGT HGXVCQR

YCQVXGSQYZC

RZSYZSFTQFXGT

GHHXZGSA

Here are some boxes to help you keep track of the codes in the cryptograms above if you need them. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W X

Y

Z

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W X

Y

Z

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W X

Y

Z

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W X

Y

Z

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W X

Y

Z

Solutions are on page 32. 7

The Teacher’s Dream
Rebecca Sanders

To reach Each child And inspire Creativity and Hope for the future

Poetry is a wonderful way to encourage students to develop their creative side. Each year, my class would create their own book of poetry. It is a good way to introduce elementary students to the structure of poetry. If the book is completed around any holiday, it is a great gift for parents that celebrate this holiday!

Haiku on Teaching Rebecca Sanders

You ask why I teach? Because it is my passion. My goal – to inspire

8

CRYPTOGRAMS
Below are some quotes on education by a few famous people. See if you can place the letters in the correct spot to discover the quote for each person.

Plato
Y I C O D H E N N O O R L P E E E I I B V A N C U S E M E T S O U R I R S L N B T N B E I O W Y B D B U T F A I S T W R R T T T Y A E E S H H A F O R D A B I A O N C E I T C A R R T N H A A B C C E H T A C L E M U R U C E O T T F S H O A T C T I R Y E H O Y L S O T D E H U H E D A T T M T H I R M H S T A G E S O E

Amos Bronson Alcott
O H E S T H I W N P T E P R R E U P U S I L A A A G A F L D E O N E L C H E I N S E T S I N R U T F C E D S N E I S H N

9

Khalil Gibran
E U O L T H H E L D T A I D E W D S O S O I T W E S E F A Y E I N T S C Y O H D D E O U O R E O U T T R O R S M E H W M B T H I N E U T H O O N D O B E R A H I T T S U S I T H R E H E E N D I R S D Y O H E F O

President John F. Kennedy
N O O F U U U C A D N N R H R T A E P P B M R R O E H O E G G U N M N R R T A A E E O N S L S S S S M A F D R E N O W I N T I S I S A U E E R R I D S C U N C A T E O A T H A I T U N N O O I R

Solutions on page 33.

10

Statistics Sum-up
Discover the facts! Below are some statistics taken from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) website for 2011. Discover the number by using the Cross Numbers puzzle below. Clues are provided by the numbers below the puzzle. Place those numbers in the puzzle to equal the total you see already entered. Once you discover the numbers, you will discover the statistics this survey found. Statistics from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 2011 data Teachers Sampled: 2500 public K-12 educators; Response rate: “I”% (1076 teachers completed the survey) Changes in the profession according to the report: “A” of our public school teachers are alternatively-certified educators. Teachers with 5 or less years experience increased by “B”%. Teachers with 25 or more years experience increased by “C”%. The majority of teachers are still women (84%); an increase of “D”% since 1986. Male teachers continue to decrease (“E”%); a decrease of 15% since 1986. Teachers under the age of “F” increased between 2005 and 2011. Teachers over the age of “G” decreased between 2005 and 2011. “H” percent of the educators hold at least a Master’s degree. CROSS NUMBER

A X D + G = 55
1/3 Solution on page 34. 6

X

B +

+

C +

=

12

+

E +

-

F +

=

1

-

H = 72
10 15

+

I = 83

=

43

16

30

43

50

50

11

CROSSWORD PUZZLE #1
1 14 15 16 17 18 20 23 25 30 36 37 40 42 45 47 49 51 53 55 43 46 48 50 52 54 56 26 31 32 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

19 21 24 27 28 33 34 35 29 22

38

39 41 44

ACROSS: 1. “He dropped a desk on his foot and broke it” shows what type of relationship? 8. Comes at the end of a sentence. 14. If it is not a fact, it must be an …? 15. Writers work hard to set the tone, or the ___ of a story. 16. Used to replace a noun. 17. A type of written assignment. 18. What every teacher hopes their student will do. 20. Something in the past. 22. A fictional character based on Greek mythology. 25. An action performed while listening to a lecture. 27. Separates clauses within a sentence, or items in a list. 30. Word problems require reading for the student to ___ a math problem. 31. One type of vowel. 36. A tool at the end of the book to help locate page numbers for specific topics. 37. A part of speech. 38. Something students need to do in front of an audience. 40. Reviewing written information to discover facts. 41. What you hope to call a student at the end of Grade 12. 42. To mark sentences up with symbols for structure and organization.
12

43. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56.

First, Second, and Third are examples. A reference point for students to follow for more information on the Internet. To consider something from different views. The noun in the sentence that receives the action. Younger children must be able to provide an ___ for your question. A type of story. Something that comes before; pronouns have one. A type of Verb A noun and verb must be in ___. Two words put together to form a new word. To write something so it has the same meaning, but is not a direct quote. Words are broken up into smaller units called a ___. Kindergarteners must be able to carry on a ___.

DOWN: 1. Understanding obtained after reading a paragraph. 2. Revising a writing passage. 3. A type of incomplete sentence. 4. Ability to speak a language quickly and with expertise. 5. A certain type of paragraph that provides details. 6. Noting important similarities between two things. 7. Past, present, and future. 8. A type of writing without metrical structure. 9. The facts used to support a statement. 10. Discussion used to persuade, inform, or call to action in either the written passage or a speech. 11. Graphics or photographs that accompany writing. 12. To speak or present information aloud. 13. Distinguishing elements between 2 objects that are not identical. 19. These are needed to provide specific information to bring a whole concept to a point. 21. A Kindergartener entering school must know the basic colors; this is one of them. 22. Time should be mastered in the primary grades; rather than a number, this specific time may be indicated by this word. 24. To copy over words from another source exactly as they have them written. 26. One controversial topic typically presented in the upper elementary grades. 28. The purpose of a paragraph is to present details and supporting facts about a ___ idea. 29. The smallest unit of sound. 32. A chart or table. 33. Information that is verifiable. 34. To make clear by providing more information. 35. A type of speech. 39. A long, long, long time ___. 42. One method to teach reading. 44. Language on paper.
Solution on page 39. 13

“A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.” Henry Adams

“In teaching you cannot see the fruit of a day’s work. It is invisible and remains so, maybe for twenty years.” Jacques Barzum

“Genius without education is like silver in the mine.” Benjamin Franklin

“Teach the children so that it will not be necessary to teach the adults.” President Abraham Lincoln

“What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches.” Karl Menninger

“Teacher appreciation makes the world of education go around.” Helen Peters
14

Logic Puzzle #2 - Instructors Love Quotes, Too!
Kari designed a research project to discover her college professor’s favorite quotes. These quotations appear on the previous page. Kari had 6 classes this semester, Calculus, Etymology, Gerontology, Incan Tribes, Psychology, and Sociology. These classes were taught by Dr. Doran, Dr. Holden, Dr. Juniper, Dr. Knocklin, Dr. Myser, and Dr. Sumpter. From the clues below, can you discover the favorite quote and the class each of Kari’s current professors listed? 1. Dr. Doran, the etymology professor, idolized both President Lincoln and Benjamin Franklin; but that was not who stated it was his favorite quote. President Lincoln’s quotation was favored by the Calculus professor. 2. Neither Dr. Holden, Dr. Knocklin, nor Dr. Juniper taught Psychology, but the Sociology professor’s favorite quote was by Henry Adams. 3. The Incan History professor identified “What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches.” As his favorite quote. 4. The calculus professor was not Dr. Holden or Dr. Knocklin. 5. The psychology professor stated her favorite quote was from Helen Peters. 6. Dr. Sumpter did not teach calculus; Dr. Myser taught sociology. 7. Three instructors, Dr. Holden, Dr. Knocklin, and the gerontology teacher preferred the quote by Karl Menninger. President Abraham Lincoln

Benjamin Franklin

Karl Menninger

Jacques Barzun

Incan History

Helen Peters

Gerontology

Psychology

Etymology

Dr. Doran Dr. Holden Dr. Juniper Dr. Knocklin Dr. Myser Dr. Sumpter Calculus Etymology Gerontology Incan History Psychology Sociology

Solution on page 36. 15

Sociology

Calculus

15 minutes of juggling a day increases brain cells according to a recent study. A study conducted in 2009 by UK’s Johansen-Berg and colleagues concluded that juggling for 30 minutes every day for 6 weeks changed the structure of white-matter in the adult brain. Although mental processing happens in the grey matter, it is the white matter of the brain that contains the nerve fibers necessary to create the signals to transmit information. When those cells thrive, memory continues to work at its best regardless of age. University of Oxford. (2009, October 17). Juggling enhances connections in the brain. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091016114055.htm

Learning to juggle: Needs: 3 identical unbreakable objects – maybe 3 tennis balls. Step 1: Toss 1 ball back and forth between your hands. Practice this until you have a consistent toss-catch with both hands. Step 2: Add the second ball. Start with one ball in each hand. When the first ball gets to the top of its arch, throw the second ball. Practice this until you have a consistent toss-catch with two balls using both hands. Step 3: Add the third ball. Start with one ball in one hand and two balls in the second hand. Each time a ball gets to the top of its arch, throw the next ball. The hand with two balls releases the first toss.

This skill takes time to develop, so remember those famous words - - - Practice makes Perfect!

If you still have a difficult time moving through these steps, watch a video on juggling from youtube or run a search on “How to Juggle” from a search engine. This is just one method of learning how to juggle, but there are other directions out there as well.

16

Trifecto Puzzler
This puzzle is a mixture of crossword, cryptogram, and word search. There are 3 ways to work this puzzle, or you can use a combination of all 3 types of puzzles to complete this. The first thing you will notice is a list of quotes with words missing. The clues within the quote provide three hints at discovering the missing words. First, the location of the answer within the crossword puzzle is identified by the clue under the spaces for the missing words. Second, the number of letters for each word is shown by the number of spaces indicated as an underline, similar to a Word Search. You can find the word list on page 19. Third, the hints after the quote provide the letters used for all missing words in the quote similar to a cryptogram. The solution is on page 41.

A (__ __ __ __) (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) is like a (__ __ __ __ __ __): it consumes itself to light the
(20 down) (38 down) (35 across) (1 across)

(__ __ __) for others. –Anonymous (Hint: A A A C C D D E E E G H L N O O R T W Y)

No one is more (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) in this world than someone who lightens the
(1 down)

(_ _ _ _ _ _) of another. Thank you. –Anonymous (Hint: B C D D E E E H H I N R R S U)
(14 down)

The direction in which (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) starts a man will (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) his
(16 across) (21 down)

future life. –Plato (Hint: A C D D E E E E I I M N N O R T T U) The very spring and root of (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) and (__ __ __ __ __ __) lie in (__ __ __ __)
(15 down) (16 across) (23 across) (20 down)

(__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __). –Plutarch (Hint: A C D D E E E G H I I N N O O O O R S T T T U U V Y)

The (__ __ __ __ __) begins with a (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) who (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) in you, who
(2 down) (35 across) (7 across)

tugs and pushes and leads you to the next plateau, sometimes poking you with a sharp stick called ‘(__ __ __ __ __).’ –Dan Rather (Hint: A A B C D E E E E E E H H I L M R R R S T T T U V)
(25 aross)

I can no other answer make, but, (33 across _ _ _ _ _ _), and (33 across _ _ _ _ _ _). –William Shakespeare (Hint: A A H H K K N N S S T T) The (__ __ __) of (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) is the (__ __ __) of assisting
(10 down) (21 across) (25 down) (10 down)

(__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __). –Mark van Doren (Hint: A A A C C D E E G H I I N O R R R S T T T V Y)

The (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) tells. The (__ __ __ __)
(3 across) (35 across) (42 across) (35 across) (35 across) (34 down) (32 down) (20 down) (35 across)

(__ __ __ __ __ __ __) explains. The (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) demonstrates. The (__ __ __ __ __) (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __). –William A. Ward (Hint: A A A A A C C C C C D D E E E E E E E E E E E E E G G H H H H I I I I O O O O M N P P R R R R R R R R R S S S T T T T T U)

17

One looks back with (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) to the brilliant (__ __ __ __ __ __ __s), but
(40 across) (8 down) (35 across)

with (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) to those who touched our human feelings. The (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) is so much necessary raw material, but (__ __ __ __ __ __) is the
(27 across) (23 down) (11 across)

(__ __ __ __ __) element for the growing plant and for the soul of the child. –Carl Gustav Jung (Hint: A A A A A A C C C C D E E E E G H H I I I I I L L M M N O P P R R R R R R T T T T T T U U U U V W) If you think in terms of a year, plant a (__ __ __ __); if in terms of ten years, plant
(36 across)

(__ __ __ __ __); if in terms of 100 years, teach the (__ __ __ __ __ __). –Confucius
(43 across) (37 down)

(Hint: D E E E E E E L O P P R S S T) The (__ __ __ __) (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) is the one who (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ s) rather than
(31 down) (35 across) (32 down) (26 down)

dogmatizes, and (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) his listener with the wish to teach (__ __ __ __ __ __ __). –Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton (Hint: A B C E E E E E E F G G H H I I L M N P I R R S S S S S S T T T U) To know how to (__ __ __ __ __ __ __) is the (__ __ __ __ __) (__ __ __) of
(26 down) (25 down) (3 down) (42 across) (10 down) (6 down)

(__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __). To attain it we must be able to guess what will (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __); we must learn to read the childish soul as we might a piece of (__ __ __ __ __). Then, by simply __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) the (__ __ __), we keep up the (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) and vary the
(4 down) (18 across) (5 down) (9 across)

(__ __ __ __). –Henri Frederic Amiel (Hint: A A A A A A C C C C E E E E E E G G G G G G G H H I I I I I K M N N N N N N O O R R R R S S S S S T T T T T T T T T U U Y) The real (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __), the (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) which has
(13 down) (29 across) (25 down) (28 down) (19 across) (37 across) (24 down) (13 down)

(__ __ __ __ __ __ __) the (__ __ __ __ __) of all times, is rather this: how can we make our (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) so (__ __ __ __ __ __) in the motional life of man, that its influence should (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) the (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __) of the elemental psychic (__ __ __ __ __ __) In the individual? -Albert Einstein (Hint: A A A A B C C C C D D D D E E E E E E E F F F F F F F G G H H I I I I I I L L L N N N O O P P R R R S S S S S S T T T T T T T U U U W Y Y) Whatever you teach, be (__ __ __ __ __); what is (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ ) said the
(31 across) (12 across) (22 down)

(__ __ __ __) readily receives and faithfully retains, while everything superfluous runs over as from a full (__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __). Who (__ __ __ __ __) much says (__ __ __ __ __). –Proverb
(41 across) (39 down) (17 across)

(Hint: A A B C C D E E E F I I I I K K L L M N N N N O O Q R R S S T T U W Y)

18

3 Letters: Art Key Way

4 Letters Best Good Mind Seed Song

5 Letters Brief Dream Great Knows Least Music Sages Trees Truth Vital

6 Letters Burden Candle Forces People Potent Thanks Warmth Virtue

7 Letters Baffled Himself Honesty Quickly Suggest Teacher

8 Letters Believes Changing Inspires Interest Mediocre Pressure Superior Teaching

9 Letters Cherished Container Discovery Determine Education Gratitude Withstand

10 Letters Attraction Curriculum Difficulty

12 Letters Appreciation

19

Trifecto Puzzler

1

2 5 7

3 6 8 9

4

10 14 16 15

11

12

13

17

18

19 21 23

20 22 24

25 27 29 31 33 34 36 37 38 40 35

26 28 30 32

39 41

42

43

44

20

100

120

-100 20 40 60

80

General Working conditions

-80 0 Curriculum Textbooks Teacher relationships Student relationships

Parent relationships

-60

-40

-20

The Teacher's Perspective of Job Satisfaction: Changes since 2005

It may be easier to solve the Trifecto Puzzler if you rip out this page.

21
Relationship with the principal Professional development opportunities Quality of Professional Development Student achievement tests Salary Teacher status

An Interesting Teaching Strategy: The Flipped Classroom
How do you spend your classroom time? Do you stand up in front of your class and lecture? Are you busy managing student discipline issues too often? Is your class time frequently filled with interruptions? Are your students engaged in the learning process? Are you sure you are able to reach every child and pass the required information they need to be successful every day? Are you able to use differentiated instruction so your students learn the material they need based on their own knowledge, skills, or abilities? Do you ever feel like there is a lost student, and have to move on because you have to meet the standards? If you could spend more one-on-one time with each of your students, would you? Do all your students complete their homework? Is that homework consistently successful? There is one teaching strategy that may be able to help with each of these issues – The flipped classroom. One school in Michigan, Clintondale High School, faced obstacles in their mission to provide the best education possible for their students. Principal Greg Green noted in his interview with CNN proclaimed that the Flipped Class strategy had a major impact in turning his school around. (Green, 2012). The school’s demographics include 75% of the student population is on free or reduced lunch, the students had a long commute time – up to an hour one-way for some students, several discipline problems, and failure rates were too high. They implemented the flipped class strategy first in 9th grade, and have been using the method since the 2011 school year. The school has seen a major decrease in the failure rates of their students in math, English, science and social studies as well as having notable improvements on statewide test scores.

Student Failure Rate
60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Before After

English

Math

Science

Social Studies

Source: http://flipped-solutions.eduongo.com/v2/?params=course/video/watch/1903 The concept of the Flipped Class is one where students learn material prior to class, then complete the homework during class time where they have the expert support of the teacher. This differs from the traditional lecture during school and homework completed at home. According to Mr. Green, students do not have the home environment to help with questions as they progress through their homework. Many parents are now struggling with time and 22

resources in society today. He notes that many parents now have to face whether to buy groceries or maintain Internet access. Other parents may not have the time, energy, or knowledge to help students with homework. Students receive more one-to-one class instruction time with their teachers. This has brought success to Clintondale High School. After an interview with CNN, Principal Green began sharing his success story with other schools from all over the world. While Jon Bergmann and Aaron Sans are typically associated with the concept of the flipped class, there are other similar strategies developed that could be the same nature, such as cooperative learning, learning centers, and online learning. All these strategies fit into the concept of the flipped class. Teachers feel reenergized as they actually get to help students learn rather than providing lectures to the masses and wondering whether or not the students understood before they had to take a test!

“For the first time in history, we can provide a level playing field for students in all neighborhoods, no matter what their financial situation is” (Green, 2013, para. 14).
The key concept to the flipped classroom is the contact time between students and their teacher during school hours. Teachers can provide one-to-one instruction to meet individual needs; whereas, students become more engaged, and responsible for their own learning. This strategy does not replace the traditional classroom instructor as the provider of information; it enhances the teacher’s ability to assure each student has the right amount of information provided. Absenteeism is no longer an issue on receiving instruction, student to student interaction also increases, and flipped classrooms enhance a culture of learning rather than promoting busy work.

23

Where do teachers plan to be in 5 years?
80 70 60 50 40

30
20 10 0

67

15

13

7

5

See if you can insert the numbers from the data in these 2 charts into the Cross Sums puzzle on the next page

Feelings of incompetence for beginning teachers were reported as follows:
30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 24%

22%
19% 14% 11% 10% 8%

24

Cross Sums #2 A X D ÷ G + J = 59
5 7 8 10

÷

B +

+

C -

=

201

+

E +

X

F -

=

475

X

H -

+

I +

=

123

+

K = 38
11 13

X

L = 49

=

252

14

15

19

22

24

67

Solution is on page 35.

25

Word search
Below are several quotes about education. Each quote has a word highlighted in yellow. Find the yellow highlighted words in the word search puzzle on the next page.

1. In teaching others we teach ourselves. (Proverb) 2. He who dares to teach must never cease to learn. (Unknown) 3. A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops. (Henry Brooks Adams) 4. It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge. (Albert Einstein) 5. I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think. (Socrates) 6. I am not a teacher, but an awakener. (Robert Frost) 7. You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself. (Galileo Galilei) 8. What we want is to see the child in pursuit of knowledge, and not knowledge in pursuit of the child. (George Bernard Shaw) 9. The secret of teaching is to appear to have known all your life what you just learned this morning. (Unknown) 10. A gifted teacher is as rare as a gifted doctor, and makes far less money. (Unknown) 11. The one exclusive sign of thorough knowledge is the power of teaching. (Aristotle) 12. Teaching is of more importance than urging. (Martin Luther) 13. A professor is one who talks in someone else's sleep. (W. H. Auden) 14. The man who can make hard things easy is the educator. (Ralph Waldo Emerson) 15. The highest function of the teacher consists not so much in imparting knowledge as in stimulating the pupil in its love and pursuit. (Unknown) 16. A teacher who is attempting to teach without inspiring the pupil with a desire to learn is hammering on a cold iron. Horace Mann 17. Those who know how to think need no teachers. (Mahatma Gandhi) 18. The world of knowledge takes a crazy turn when teachers themselves are taught to learn. (Bertolt Brecht) 19. Knowledge exists to be imparted. (Ralph Waldo Emerson) 20. Lessons of wisdom have the most power over us when they capture the heart through the groundwork of a story, which engages the passions. (Laurence Sterne) 21. A schoolmaster should have an atmosphere of awe, and walk wonderingly, as if he was amazed at being himself. (Walter Bagehot) 22. Education is the best provision for the journey to old age. (Aristotle) 23. Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one. (Malcolm Forbes)

Solution is on page 33.

26

Word Search Continued

D I T I U S R U P R A C P I O A

K F O T C H N J O U R N E Y J R

L N P C E M A J O L R Y C I E H

A K O E F A G U U O A S O U C P

W S W W I B C E R S G M U L N D

P A E A L L Y H S E O P G I A W

S R R P C E K W E T E R N I T Y

T A T P M F D F L R Z N I T R N

I B A E U E F G V O S H H B O F

M W T A U G H T E L F G T J P O

U D Q R K J H Q S T O R Y K M C

L O P Y A S N R O Q H S N Z I C

A A R O S S E F O R P R A E R Y

T L O Z S N Y I Z D F M A M I O

I A Q L E A R N Y Y M S T P S I

N F B K S J Z L E D U C A T O R

G G A I A F E L N Z P C R Y U O

I W I T H I N T O A X I H E K N

A T N B X E T I M P A R T E D E

I Dropped my Tiles!!
The teachers in the NCES survey provided their opinion on the best way to strengthen their own teaching competence. The following list provides their view; however, part of the information is missing. Can you discover where the tiles at the bottom of the page should go within the list? Solution is on page 37. TE CO FE TA PR ER ME SE NO OD DI SC OL NG ES HI EA EX ES PE UR ON AC CO CT EX RS SE LE RI NI CE EN S DE RI S LO EN CE 83% 76% 64% 64% 45% 38% 35% 32% 23%

PM RE EN CO EN AL N- SI VE TH AR PE LL S CE EX OF T GU S SE LI KI NG PE PE HE HO NG LF AC ED 27

S RI

TE UR

Sudoku #2: The Teacher’s View
3 2 9 6 2 5 7 4 9 9 7 9 9 8 2 7 3 6 1 4 5 6 2 6 4 7 8 2 6

0 0

0

Removing incompetent teachers. Stricter graduation requirements. Recruit teachers from other careers. Recruit teachers from top third of students. Require students to pass standardized tests for promotion. Replace low-performing schools with charter schools. Getting rid of tenure. Recruit administrators from other careers. Contract school operation to for-profit corporations. Teacher evaluation based on student achievement.

Solution is on page 38.

28

Crossword Puzzle #2

1

2 6

3

4

5

7 8 14 15 16 19 20 24 21 25 26 27 31 33 34 35 28 30 32 29 17 22 18 23 9 11 12 13 10

ACROSS 1. A rather possessive mark is called… 4. A brief paragraph that details information from a larger written document. 6. Samples shown to help clarify something 7. To change something to fit another concept 8. To gather together 11. Before, after, during, and since are all words that show… 12. Syntax and structure of the written or spoken word. 14. A pictorial representation or image. 15. We usually refer to the ___ poets or the ___ classics. 16. The preparation stage of the 5-step writing process. 18. To choose something, or determine a course of action. 20. Children need to do this to letters to create words, or words in a paragraph to construct meaning.
29

22. To hear. 24. An idea one puts into writing, or gets out of writing. 25. One method of delivering information. 28. Information collected for processing. 29. In writing, it sets the tone and provides opinion for the idea you wish to express. 30. Writing or Computer ___. 31. There are 5 steps to the ____ Process. 32. An adverb will ___ a verb. 33. To explain what a word means. 34. A type of vowel. 35. Three or more sentences put together.

DOWN 1. Tells how many, what kind, or when. 2. Putting letters together to make words. 3. To shout with punctuation. 4. To express verbally. 5. Communication or receiving knowledge. 9. The final paragraph in an essay. 10. A level within school or a mark on a paper. 11. What you hope to make your students do. 13. To skim, or receive information from a written passage. 17. Definitions for unknown words may be found in the ___. 19. A word that tells time, degree, or place. 21. The opposite of Compare. 22. A type of vowel. 23. To build upon previously taught concepts. 25. Similar wording to convey equal thoughts. 26. Divisions within essays. 27. Consonants are matched with these to form words.

Solution is on page 40. 30

SOLUTIONS

31

Solutions for CRYPTOQUIZZES Piaget Skinner

SENSORIMOTOR PREOPERATIONAL CONCRETE OPERATIONAL FORMAL OPERATIONAL OBJECT PERMANENCE REFLEXES INTERNALIZATION EGOCENTRISM CONSERVATION
Erikson

BEHAVIORISM NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT FIXED INTERVAL FIXED RATIO OPERANT CONDITIONING SKINNER’S BOX RANDOM PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION
Freud

TRUST MISTRUST AUTONOMY SHAME INDUSTRY INFERIORITY IDENTITY

ID EGO SUPEREGO DREAMS REPRESSION TRANSFERENCE LIBIDO

Bandura

Vygotsky

VICARIOUS LEARNING ACQUISITION ASSIMILATION SELF-EFFICACY IDENTIFICATION IMITATE SOCIAL LEARNING OBSERVATION MODELING

SCAFFOLDING INNER SPEECH COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT SOCIALIZED SPEECH SOCIAL INTERACTION PARENTS SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH

32

Solutions for Cryptograms
Do not train a child to learn by force or harshness; but direct them to it by what amuses their minds, so that you may be better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each. Plato – Greek Philosopher

The true teacher defends his pupils against his own personal influence. Amos Bronson Alcott – American educator

The teacher who is indeed wise does not bid you to enter the house of his wisdom but rather leads you to the threshold of your mind. Khalil Gibran

Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource. President John F. Kennedy

Solutions for Word Search
D I T I U S R U P R A C P I O A K F O T C H N J O U R N E Y J R L N P C E M A J O L R Y C I E H A K O E F A G U U O A S O U C P W S W W I B C E R S G M U L N D P A E A L L Y H S E O P G I A W S R R P C E K W E T E R N I T Y T A T P M F D F L R Z N I T R N I B A E U E F G V O S H H B O F M W T A U G H T E L F G T J P O U D Q R K J H Q S T O R Y K M C L O P Y A S N R O Q H S N Z I C A A R O S S E F O R P R A E R Y T L O Z S N Y I Z D F M A M I O I A Q L E A R N Y Y M S T P S I N F B K S J Z L E D U C A T O R G G A I A F E L N Z P C R Y U O I W I T H I N T O A X I H E K N A T N B X E T I M P A R T E D E

33

Solution for Statistics Sum-up

Statistics from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 2011 data Teachers Sampled: 2500 public K-12 educators; Response rate: (“I”) 43% (1076 teachers completed the survey) Changes in the profession according to the report: (“A”) One-third of our public school teachers are alternatively-certified educators. Teachers with 5 or less years experience increased by 6% (“B”). Teachers with 25 or more years experience increased by 10% (“C”). The majority of teachers are still women (84%); an increase of (“D”) 15% since 1986. Male teachers continue to decrease (“E”) 16%; a decrease of 15% since 1986. Teachers under the age of 30 (“F”) increased between 2005 and 2011. Teachers over the age of 50 (“G”) decreased between 2005 and 2011. (“H”) Fifty percent of the educators hold at least a Master’s degree.

1/3 X 15 + 50 = 55

X

6 +

+

10 +

=

12

+

16 +

-

30 +

=

1

-

50 = 72

+

43 = 83

=

43

34

Solutions for Cross Sums #2

24 X 10 ÷ 5 + 11 = 59

÷

8 +

+

67 -

=

201

+

15 +

X

19 -

=

475

X

22 -

+

13 +

=

123

+

7 = 38

X

14 = 49

=

252

35

Solutions for Logic Puzzle #2 – Instructors Love Quotes, Too! Dr. Doran does not identify Benjamin Franklin or Abraham Lincoln (clue 1), Henry Adams (clue 2), Karl Menninger (clue 3), or Helen Peters (clue 3) as his favorite quote. Dr. Doran does teach Etymology (clue 1). The quote from Jacques Barzun is the only option left. Dr. Holden does not teach Etymology (clue 1), Psychology (clue 2), Calculus (clue 4), Sociology (clue 6), or Gerontology (clue 7). Therefore, he does teach Incan History, and the preferred quote is by Karl Menninger (clue 3). Dr. Juniper does not teach Etymology (clue 1), Psychology (clue 2), or Sociology (clue 6). Since Dr. Juniper is the only option for Calculus (once you go through all the clues), that is the course taught. Therefore the preferred quote is by Abraham Lincoln (clue 1). Dr. Knocklin does not teach Etymology (clue 1), Gerontology (clue 7), Calculus (clue 4), Incan History (Dr. Holden does), or Sociology (clue 6). Therefore, Dr. Knocklin teaches Psychology and prefers the quote by Helen Peters. Dr. Myser does teach Sociology (clue 6) and prefers the quote by Henry Adams (clue 2). Dr. Sumpter does not teach Etymology (clue 1), Calculus, Incan History (Dr. Holden does), or Sociology (clue 6). The Psychology instructor favored the quote by Helen Peters (clue 5). Therefore, The Gerontology instructor favored the quote by Benjamin Franklin. Answers Instructor: Dr. Doran Dr. Holden Dr. Juniper Dr. Knocklin Dr. Myser Dr. Sumpter

Content: Etymology Incan History Calculus Psychology Sociology Gerontology

Quote from: Jacques Barzun Karl Menninger Abraham Lincoln Helen Peters Henry Adams Benjamin Franklin

36

Solution for I Dropped my Tiles!! The teachers in the NCES survey provided their opinion on the best way to strengthen their own teaching competence. The following list provides their view once you replace the missing tiles. Teaching Experience – 83% Colleagues – 76% Life experiences – 64% Taking courses – 64% Professional development – 45% Peer teachers in similar subjects – 38% Methods courses – 35% Self-directed learning – 32% Non-school occupational experiences – 23%

Solution for Sudoku #1 9 2 6 3 5 7 8 4 1 1 5 3 8 4 2 7 9 6 7 4 8 1 6 9 5 3 2 4 9 1 6 3 8 2 5 7 8 3 5 2 7 1 4 6 9 2 6 7 4 9 5 3 1 8 3 8 2 5 1 6 9 7 4 6 7 4 9 2 3 1 8 5 5 1 9 7 8 4 6 2 3

42% increase in favoring merit pay 65% decrease in pay based on seniority 81% decrease in pay based on educational level 50% increase in pay based on high demand schools 40% increase in pay based on high demand subjects 77% decrease in pay based on a career ladder 6% believe standardized testing is effective in qualifying teachers 91% agree that completing a teacher preparation program is effective in qualifying teachers 6% increase in those who favor getting rid of tenure 6% increase in those who favor getting rid of unions 98% stated the best way to improve education was to allow greater participation in decision-making from teachers. 37

Solution to Sudoku #2 - The teacher’s view on current proposals to improve education: 6 4 9 3 2 5 1 7 8 3 7 5 9 1 8 2 4 6 8 2 1 6 4 7 9 5 3 7 1 8 4 5 2 6 3 9 4 5 6 1 9 3 8 2 7 2 9 3 8 7 6 4 1 5 1 3 4 7 8 9 5 6 2 9 6 2 5 3 4 7 8 1 5 8 7 2 6 1 3 9 4

Removing incompetent teachers – 89% Stricter graduation requirements – 65% Recruit teachers from other careers – 50% Recruit teachers from top third of students – 50% Require students to pass standardized tests for promotion – 47% Replace low-performing schools with charter schools – 43% Getting rid of tenure – 32% Recruit administrators from other careers – 26% Contract school operation to for-profit corporations – 11% Teacher evaluations based on student achievement – 10%

38

Solution for Crossword Puzzle #1 C O M P R E H E N S I O N P H O N I C S A P O R E N I O O N O U Y B A R O Y U I O O P G S T L D U N P J R R M L S N D N O A T E V E N C E E R E P L S T R C A G O A E U L T T U U B A A I I L N L R T N V A D E E I O R G O S E X A O U T E R N N N D E D I T F R A G M E N T G R A P H S A E R C O N A P N F L U E N C Y C N E X P L A N A T O R Y A G O C O M P A R E T E N S E D E T A I L S D T A E E R A R P R O S E E V I D E N C E C L A R I F Y E E H A R H E T O R I C V E R B V Z D M R T I L L U S T R A T I O N S I E E E A I O R A L D I F F E R E N T I A T E

Y E L L O W

C

Q U O T E

S C E K

E P

M M A I N K R A I N A N S W N T A G A R V E

F A C T O L R C E P S

P H O N E M E W R I N T N T S E O N

39

Solution for Crossword Puzzle #2 A P O S T R O P D P J E E L C O L L E C T T I O T I C O N N H V G C I E P L A N A U K D E C O D E V O I M E A N I N G R T G B R V A D A T O S W R I T I N G E D L S H O R T

H E

I

N

E X A C L A M E A T I N O N R E

P A R A L L E L

S M P E A K I N G G L O S S E A R Y

U L D

M M A E S A G P R E A D S C A F F O L D I N G T A T E T T

R

R

E

L O N G

I T

I Z N F O R M M A A T C I D O E N I O N

E

G R A D E

V M O

I I

C F

E Y

A F

B I N P E A R A

R

A

P

H

H E A D I N G S

40

Trifecto Puzzler
C H E R I S H E D A N B D L R E L A M E I K E Y V E M E U S I C D I O C R E I N T E R E S T C H A O N G M I N N G

A W A

T R A G O O D L

D

B U R D E N R F A

C

A S V I T A L K

A R T A I H E S U P E R I O R

I G R

H O N E S T Y U B E S T

N S U D E T E R M I N E I

L

E

S

C

G T R A M T I S T U D V E

A H

C

I

N

O

R

Y P R E W S I M S T U H E R S E T A N T A D O R C

B T

T E A C H I N G

U F N

C D

R R E

I E D

C F

U

T P E O P L E O N

S U G G E S T

M H A E C C N O

E

Q U I C K L Y

D I F F I C U L T Y I N S P I R E S

F

A

P

P

E

C

I

W A T Y T

I

I

G

E

A

T

R

E

S

F

E

K N E O W S

41

42

Where are the teachers? Year - 2011 Teachers Sampled: 2500 public K-12 educators Response rate: 43% (1076 teachers completed the survey) Traditional college graduates in Teacher education are more apt to go into General Elementary Education. Alternatively certified teachers are more apt to teach subject areas such as math, science, special education and bilingual education.

suburb

27

24

city

31

town

20

20

alternatively-certified

rural

23

17

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

43

References
Green, G. (2012, January 18). My view: Flipped classrooms give every student a chance to succeed. Retrieved from CNN at website http://schoolsofthought.blogs.cnn.com/2012/01/18/my-view-flipped-classrooms-giveevery-student-a-chance-to-succeed/?goback=.gde_102144_member_219987648

Other Resources:
MAD MINUTE Shoecraft, P. J., & Clukey, T. J. (1981). Mad minute: Mastering number facts, grades 1-8. ISBN-10: 0201071401 ISBN-13: 978-0201071405 OTHER MAD MINUTE SOURCES: http://www.superteacherworksheets.com/math-drills-minute.html http://www.education.com/worksheets/

TANGRAMS An online puzzle using tangrams: http://www.abcya.com/tangrams.htm Downloads: http://tangrams.ca/ An entire blog dedicated to tangrams: http://tangrams-jodyandrea.blogspot.com/ http://www.mathplayground.com/tangrams.html (math and logic)

THE FLIPPED CLASSROOM: Green, G. (2012, January 18). My view: Flipped classrooms give every student a chance to succeed. Retrieved from CNN at http://schoolsofthought.blogs.cnn.com/2012/01/18/myview-flipped-classrooms-give-every-student-a-chance-to-succeed/ http://www.techsmith.com/flipped-classroom-clintondale.html http://flippedhighschool.com/ http://schoolsofthought.blogs.cnn.com/2012/01/17/five-minute-primer-flipped-classes/

Flipped Class Training Online (currently free): https://www.sophia.org/user_sessions/new

44