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Structure of electron: An important scientific discovery!
Electron (charged particle) has a standing- electric field and magnetic field at right angle regardless of any kind of its motions. One Simple Discovery! But, One of the High Impact Discoveries! HIGH IMPACT ON: Explanation

of All Electric and Magnetic Phenomena, Explanation of the Structure of Atom and Many of the Current Beliefs in Theoretical Physics.

Since there is no orbital motion for electrons in atoms, it is clear that the magnetic field of a
magnetic domain is created by stationary positioned electrons (see Structure of atom). At Curie point, a magnetic material changes its magnetic property due to the misalignment of electrons by thermal vibration. These facts indicate that an electron has a standing magnetic field. Static electricity is created by stationary charges (negative/positive). This fact indicates that electron has a standing electric field too. Electric field can only be influenced (attract/repel) by electric field and magnetic field can only be influenced by magnetic field. But, electrons can be influenced by both electric field and magnetic field. This is another evidence for the standing electric field and magnetic field of electrons.
EVIDENCES FOR THE STANDING FIELDS ARE AT RIGHT ANGLE

The direction of the magnetic field created is perpendicular to the direction of an electric current. A radio transmitter creates radio waves that are perpendicular to the oscillating electrons in the transmitter antennae. The flow of electrons in a conductor is essentially caused by the attraction between the electric fields of mobile electrons and fixed positive charges in the conductor. When the electric field of an electron is 0 degree angle to a positive charge, the attraction between them will be maximum. When a mobile electron is located in a magnetic field, the magnetic field of the electron will be at 0° angle and the electric field of the electron will be at 90° angle to the applied magnetic field. If the magnetic field moves, the electron will also move with the moving magnetic field (for example, electromagnetic induction). When a magnetic field is applied parallel to the direction of an electric current, as the magnetic field of a mobile electron will be directed at 0° angle to an applied magnetic field, the electrons will rotate at 90° angle. Now the electric fields of the mobile electrons will be at 90° angle to the positive charge. This causes the attraction between mobile electrons and the positive charge in the conductor to decrease. This decrease in attraction causes Magnetoresistance (MR). But if the applied magnetic field is at right angle to the direction of the current, then the electric fields of the mobile electrons will be at 0° angle to the

Otherwise there is NO any direct connection between electric current (electricity) and magnetism as current belief. when a ferromagnetic body spun on its axis. absorption spectrum lines produced by atoms can also affected by external fields. This causes the resistance to decrease in the conductor. When such an atom is excited. a consistent spin of particles does not exist. the magnetization occurs parallel to the axis of its spin. Flowing of electrons cause to align them and a collective magnetic field is created around the conductor. Impact => The space inside of atom is not empty. As the electric field of an electron will be directed to positive charge and the electron has electric field and magnetic field at right angle. . But by applying a static electric field or magnetic field. there must be a force (an obstacle) which prevents the electrons from falling into the nucleus. electrons can only oscillate (move vertically about the nucleus) in an atom and CANNOT make any other type of motions. evidently. but filled with a form of matter. This is the reason forZeeman effect. In Barnett effect. MAGNETIC FIELD AND LIGHT The magnetic field created by a permanent magnet is caused by the alignment of motionless electrons. Also. This separation of charges creates a potential difference between the axis and the outer rim. they will be aligned. They are attraction from the nucleus and buoyant force exerted by space matter. When the body rotates. the electric fields of electrons in an atom will be always directed to the nucleus and the magnetic fields of the electrons will be horizontal to the nucleus. IMPACT OF THE DISCOVERY IMPACT ON THE CURRENT ATOM MODEL Because of the attraction from the nucleus. In this circumstance. Also. the atom can create different spectrum lines than its original spectrum lines. non-excited atom have no any motions. the so-called "spin property" of electron is not required. Interestingly. the mobile electrons move to the outer rim due to the centrifugal force and accumulate there. repulsion between electrons and buoyant force exerted by space matter. the magnetic field is created parallel to the axis of the spin. we can alter the electron configuration in an atom. The electron configuration in a multi-electron atom is determined by three factors. IMPACT ON THE BELIEF OF ELECTRON SPIN The electron configuration in a hydrogen atom is determined by two factors. Stern-Gerlach effect (a beam of silver atoms directed through an inhomogeneous magnetic field is forced into two beams). When electrons are flowing through a conductor. They are attraction from the nucleus. IMPACT ON THE THEORY OF ELECTRIC FIELD. Inverse Zeeman effect. I name this matter as ‘space matter’. Stark effect and Inverse Stark effect . for explaining the phenomena like fine structure. Impact => Electrons in a perfectly isolated. Impact => Since there is no motion.direction of the positive charge in the conductor.

MAIN POINTS COVER IN THIS WEBSITE: 1) The space inside of an atom is not empty. The oscillating magnetic line is radiated right angle to the oscillating electron.magnetic field. An uncharged particle like neutron has only a standing.Impact => Electric field and magnetic field both are created only in the presence of charged particles. an electron cannot travel in a straight line when it is accelerated. Maxwell's equations etc. Impact => Radio wave is oscillating magnetic line. 2) Electron (charged particle) has a stationary electric field and magnetic field at right angle . This oscillation of the electron creates a transverse wave on its magnetic field. Quantum mechanics. but filled with space matter. So. Impact => a particle's standing fields is the reason for the wave nature when it moves at high speed. And. The photon is emitted right angle to the oscillating electron. oscillation of one field (electric/magnetic) in space creates no other field as current belief. Electric current creates magnetic field and oscillating electric current creates oscillating magnetic field and NOT “electromagnetic wave” as current belief. Raise Question about the validity of wave particle duality. the electric field of the electron will be parallel to the oscillation and the magnetic field will be perpendicular to the oscillation. But. the electric field of an electron will be parallel to the oscillation and the magnetic field will be perpendicular to the oscillation. WAVE NATURE OF ELECTRONS Because of the standing fields. an oscillating electron creates an oscillating magnetic line. Photon is tiny string of oscillating magnetic line. So an oscillating electron creates a photon (tiny string) of oscillating magnetic line. Quantum electrodynamics (QED). An oscillating magnetic field can create an oscillating electric field in a conductor. So when accelerated. HOW IS LIGHT EMITTED FROM AN ATOM? We see that the electric field of an electron will be always directed to the nucleus. OVERALL IMPACT Proves the existence of another state of matter. its magnetic field makes it to oscillate. Impact => Maxwell’s electromagnetic wave theory of light is simply not currrect. When oscillates. Impact=> Photon is neither wave nor particle. So when excited. HOW RADIO WAVES ARE PRODUCED? Oscillation of electrons in a conductor is caused by the alternation of electric polarity in the conductor.

7) Light is oscillating magnetic lines and light travels as transverse wave in magnetic lines. This principle is applicable for both chemical and nuclear reactions. The releasing of energy in a chemical reaction is also due to the releasing of space matter. 3) Wave nature of particles is not the property belong them.regardless of any kind of its motions. 6) Oscillation of one field (electric/magnetic) in space creates no other field. The missing mass (mass defect) in a nuclear reaction is converted into space matter. 9) Only bond making reactions release energy and all bond breaking reactions absorb energy. 5) The magnetic field created by a permanent magnet is caused by the alignment of motionless electrons. . 4) In a perfectly isolated. 8) Matter and energy are not interchangeable: The releasing of energy in a nuclear reaction is due to the rapid-huge increasing of volume of ordinary matter to space matter. non-excited atom. but it depends on the energy background that the particle exist. electrons have no any motions.

d) by incident photons and e) a radioactive nucleus can emit accelerated particles (both charged and uncharged). the same atom creates absorption lines in the same frequencies that the atom creates its emission lines. a high-energy electron is capable of penetrating outer region of the atom and to excite inner electrons. I name this matter as space matter. But in an atom there is no force which can make its electrons in consistent motion and so the present wave mechanical model of atom is simply not correct. The matter wave experiments conducted by George. For example. Buoyant force is the only force that prevents the innermostelectrons of an atom from falling into the nucleus. But when a high-energy electron collides with the same atom. As a low-energy electron can only excite an atom’s outer electrons. we can conclude that the electrons in an atom are situated in resonant columns. gas atoms move randomly in high speed and bounce back when they collide with other atoms or its container). the atom emits long wavelength radiations. when an electron is excited in an atom. P. heavy atoms like tungsten emithard x-rays when its innermost electrons are excited. So. the high-density space matter in the inner region of the atom expels the electron to an outer low-density space matter region. But today we know that in an isolated. the space matter density in the inner region of an atom is greater and it decreases with the increasing of the distance from the nucleus and also. They are a) attraction from the nucleus. this difference in densities creates different resonant columns in an atom. repulsion with the electrons in the inner region as well as the buoyant force exerted by space matter keep the electrons in an atom in its respective positions. So we can understand that. b) repulsion by same charge. They are attraction from the nucleus and repulsion between electrons (in hydrogen atom attraction from the nucleus only). a) Attraction by opposite charge. Thompson and Davisson and Germer are by artificially accelerated electrons.A charged particle can be accelerated in different ways. But the shortest wavelength radiation that can be emitted by the lightest element hydrogen is in the shortest wave length lyman series. there must be a force which prevents the electrons from falling into the positive charged nucleus. This is the reason for the jumping of an electron with the emission of a photon. When a low-energy electron collides with a multi-electron atom. As the density of space matter increases. non-radioactive atom there are two types of forces acting on its electrons. Since the density differences between inner and outer regions. the resonant frequency of that region is also increases. But these forces cannotmake the electrons in an atom in consistent motion. The shortest wavelength radiation that one atom can emit depends on its atomic mass. c) attraction or repulsion by a magnetic field. for every oscillation towards the direction of the nucleus. The electron beams are created by applying high voltages between the negative and positive terminals. indicate that the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by a form of elastic matter. For the electrons other than one nearest to the nucleus. there are three factors that determine the electron configuration in a multi-electron atom. the atom can emit both shorter and longer wavelength radiations. . Since an atom of an element creates its own characteristic pattern of spectrum lines when excited and in cold state. Volume of atoms and elastic nature of atoms (for example. b) repulsion between electrons and c) buoyant force exerted by space matter. Since there is no motion.

1) Electron shells:. For example. 2) Transitory shells: . highly pressurised hydrogen can emit a nearly continuos spectrum of radiations when extremely excited. each of those regions act as resonant columns with unique natural frequencies.The inner transitory shells are the shells that inside of the innermost electron shell of an atom. When a pair production occurs. In the pair production of one electron and one positron when a very high-energy photon is passed through near a heavy atomic nucleus. the density of space matter at the near surface of the nuclei of heavy atoms like tungsten is sufficient for the production of electron-positron pair when a sufficiently energetic photon is passed through it. Hydrogen and helium have one electron shell. Since each of the different space matter regions with precise radiuses from the centre of nucleus has unique densities. Most of the mass of an atom is concentrated in its nucleus. An atom has enormous number of transitory shells in it.The New Atom Model An atom has a tiny. The nucleus of the atom is surrounded by space matter. 3) Inner transitory shells: . So it is clear that. the innermost transitory shell plays the important role.com/StructureAtom-Space-Inside-Empty/dp/1456424211 . This fact also indicates that.The electron shells in an atom are the regions in which the electrons are configured in an atom when the atom is in non-excited state. even though a hydrogen atom has only one electron shell in it. the equal amount of space matter will be entered from outside of the atom and the space matter density in the shells of the atom will be always maintained.amazon. An atom has enormous number of resonant columns in it and the electrons in an atom are situated in resonant columns. There are three types of shells in an atom. http://www. a heavy atomic nucleus can hold a greater amount of space matter than a low mass atomic nucleus.Transitory shells are the regions in which the electrons can jump from the electron shells when the atom is in excited state. We can call a resonant column in an atom as a shell. The density of space matter is greater at the near surface of the nucleus and it decreases with the increasing of the distance from the nucleus. the radius of a hydrogen atom is much greater than the radius of its electron shell (watch video “line spectrum of hydrogen atom”). denser nucleus. That is. The radiations other than the shortest wavelength radiation that emitted by a hydrogen atom are emitted from its transitory shells.

Watch video: Space matter. expansion or releasing of space matter. change in shape of a body resulting from its motion. Dark matter. Since ordinary matter is an extremely compressed state of space matter.youtube. lensing effect in some regions in the galaxies are because of the refraction of light by the denser space matter that present in these regions and are purely the demonstrations for the presence of space matter in the macro world. The missing mass (mass defect) in a nuclear or chemical reaction is converted into space matter. Aether or Æther http://www. Also. the effect known as the Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction etc are also the evidences for the space matter in space. Ether. Bending of light when it passes through near massive objects like stars. Space matter is filled everywhere in the universe. Increasing of the mass of a fast moving body. Ether Magnetic Particle (EMP). the fifth state of matter and methods for detecting space matter.com/watch?v=UsUQL0KqWdw . they will explode violently and release energy. electric field lines and magnetic field lines both are created by the alignment of space matter units. the releasing of energy in a nuclear reaction is due to the rapid-huge increasing of volume of ordinary matter to space matter. when it released.Space matter (or ether). All matter in the universe (in the ordinary world) is made of space matter. All form of energies (except gravitational potential energy) are released because of the explosion. all massive bodies have a denser medium of space matter envelop. For example. Since gravitational force is exerted on space matter.