1 PREFACE.....................................................................................................................................2 2 DRIVE TEST USING TEMS.........................................................................................

..............2 2.1 Preparation for Drive Test.................................................................................................2 2.1.1 MapInfo Preparation.......................................................................................................2 2.1.2 TEMS Preparation..........................................................................................................9 2.2 Implementation of Drive Test Using TEMS ...................................................................11 2.2.1 Map Configuration........................................................................................................11 2.2.2 Hardware Configuration...............................................................................................15 2.2.3 Enabling External Equipments (Hardware)..................................................................16 2.2.4 Drive Test Implementation Proper................................................................................19 While on drive test you can also perform the following:...............................................................20 3 DRIVE TEST ANALYSIS USING TEMS AND MAPINFO...................................................21 3.1 Analyze by TEMS Replay...............................................................................................21 Replaying Logfiles.................................................................................................................21 3.1.1 Interference Problem Analysis......................................................................................21 3.1.2 Missing Neighbor Problem Analysis............................................................................23 3.1.3 Call Drop Problem Analysis.........................................................................................24 3.1.4 Handover Problem Analysis.........................................................................................24 3.1.5 Coverage Problem Analysis..........................................................................................24 3.2 Analyze by TEMS Export................................................................................................25 Executing the Export Orders..................................................................................................29 3.3 Analyze by Generating Report.........................................................................................30 Report Contents.....................................................................................................................36 3.3 Analyze Using MapInfo...................................................................................................36 3.3.1 Show RxLev Map by MapInfo.....................................................................................36 Creating Thematic Map.........................................................................................................39 3.3.2 Show RxQual Map by MapInfo....................................................................................49 3.3.3 Sector Swap Problem ...................................................................................................50 4.0 Tems cel file created skill........................................................................................................54

1

PREFACE

The Getting Started Manual deals with preliminaries that you must work through before you can carry out DRIVE TEST, such as Preparation of input data, hardware and software configuration (TEMS Mobile and GPS). The manual also covers how you can analyze data using MapInfo and TEMS Investigation GSM after drive test. The User’s Manual is what you will probably be referring to most of the time once you have gotten started. The summary of the drive test is stated below: • • • • • • • • Before drive test, prepare input data (in .txt format and .cel format) Creating points using map info Map configuration Hardware Configuration Enabling external devices Perform drive test and save log files Exporting logfiles and generating reports using TEMS Investigation software and Drive test report.

2
2.1

DRIVE TEST USING TEMS
Preparation for Drive Test
Before drive test implementation, the input data need to be prepared in which without it, drive test cannot be successfully carried out. And this input data can be prepared using MapInfo and TEMS as will be discussed in the following sections.

2.1.1 MapInfo Preparation
To launch MapInfo: Choose Start > Programs > MapInfo >MapInfo Professional 6.5 or simply click on the short cut on your desktop if one is created. For MapInfo preparation, you need to prepare your table in Excel spreadsheet (see Fig. 1) which should include the following: Site ID and Co-ordinates (Longitude and Latitude).

Fig. 1.

Input table in excel (xls) format

The above table should be saved as a text file (using Save As) before uploading in MapInfo because with MapInfo you can upload table in text (txt) format Note: Always remember where you save your files for easy location. To upload table in MapInfo, simply follow the steps below: Steps 1. From the tool bar or menu bar of MapInfo window click on Open. The Open Table dialog window will appear

Fig. 2. File name Files of type Preferred View Click Open

Open Table dialog

Select file name where saved Select “Delimited ASCII (*.txt)” Change from “Automatic” to “Current Mapper”

3. Delimited ASCII Information window will pop-up as shown below:

Fig. 3. Check

Delimited ASCII Information window

“Use First Line for Column Tiles” and click OK

The result as shown below will be displayed

Fig. 4.

MapInfo table format

Note: The above table is in MapInfo table format (e.g. DT.TAB). Also note that the co-ordinates are in decimal.

The next step is to create points.After Creating MapInfo table format as shown above. Get X Coordinates from Column Get Y Coordinates from Column After selection click OK Create Points window Select Long for this column Select Lat for this column To display points created choose Window > New Map from the menu bar and these points are displayed as shown below: . How do you create points? Simply follow the path below: From the menu bar click on Map > Create Points. Fig. 5. Create Points window comes up as shown below.

Layer Control on the tool bar and check auto . 6.Fig. Created points from the tool The points created can be zoomed by clicking on “zoom-in or zoom-out” bar. You can label points created by clicking label.

Fig. Click OK The window below will be displayed Layer Control window Fig. 8. 7. Labeled points .

2 TEMS Preparation To launch TEMS Choose Start > Programs > TEMS Product > TEMS Investigation GSM 4. Also note that the co-ordinates (Latitude & Longitude) of fig. LOGITUDE. . ANTENNA DIRECTION. ARFCN. 8 are in degree and minutes while in fig. 8) which should include the following: CELL NAME. LAC.0. and CI). For TEMS preparation.2. CGI (MCC.0 or click on the short cut on your desktop if on is created. LATITUDE. ANTENNA BEAM WIDTH etc as shown in fig. MNC.1. 9.cel which can now be uploaded in TEMS Investigation GSM 4. 9 below Fig.txt to . 1 are in decimal. BSIC. you need to prepare your table in Excel spreadsheet (see Fig. input table in excel format Note: the above table should be saved as text file (using Save As) then change the text file extension by renaming the extension .

XXXX (e. E. the minute part also may not be complete sometimes and you do likewise by adding zero to its digits.g.XXXX (e. For Latitude there must be a space between the N and XXXXX. you have to make-up for the remaining digit(s).g. From the example you will notice that the degree part is not complete (only two digits instead of three digits).8001) and also note that the first three X is in degree while the rest in minutes. Consequently. Also note that the first two X is in degree while the rest in minutes (see fig. if latitude is N 1106. Fig. 10). Format for Latitude Note: If the number of digits is not enough (or complete) as shown in the format (fig. 11) .g.7830. 10. N 01109.Co-ordinate Format Please note that the co-ordinates used in TEMS have a format as shown below.5165). For Longitude there must be double spacing between the E and XXXX.7830. Therefore you have to add zero (0) to the degree part and you have something like this N 01106. E 0738.

.2 Implementation of Drive Test Using TEMS Before a drive test could be implemented. 13.1 Map Configuration To configure Map. On loading the cell definition file. 3. Click OK after file selection. also if the number of digits is not complete as shown in the format (fig. 2.Fig. 12 below Fig. 11) follow the same procedure as explained for Latitude. 2.2. please follow the steps below: 1. If the Cell Definition window is not open. 11. 2. Format for Longitude Note: For longitude. 12. two things have to be put in place and they are Map configuration and Hardware configuration. the file will be displayed there as soon as you open the window. its contents are automatically displayed in the Cell Definition window. Properties dialog Check “Use Cell Definition File” and browse to select your file. Open the General window from the Navigator or from the menu bar click on Configuration → General and the General window will come up as shown in fig. General window Double-click GSM to access the Properties dialog Fig.

14.Fig. Map displaying sites on the Map tool bar Note: the sites can be enlarged by using the zoom-in .

Enlarged (zoomed) Map The next step is to label the sites on the map so as to differentiate one site from the other. How do you label sites? Simply follow the steps below: • Click on Layer control from the Map tool bar to access the layer control dialog box.g.Fig. *. Click Add.TAB)] . 15. Select and open file [in MapInfo table format (e.

16. Layer Control window . • Check Automatic Labels and click OK.Fig.

17. 2. These are the connectable types of external devices: • TEMS mobile station • TEMS-specific frequency scanner (TEMS Scanner) • GPS unit • Laptop PCMCIA card with dual port cable labeled TEMS & DATA • GPS Antenna But in this chapter we shall not discuss TEMS-specific frequency scanner. Labeled sites Since the map is successfully loaded and labeled.Fig.2. Procedure . It also explains the role of the so-called TEMS Investigation mobile. the next step is to configure the hardware.2 Hardware Configuration This section describes how to connect and disconnect external devices.

Fig. the one labeled TEMS is used to attach the mobile to TEMS Investigation. 1. If you are also using a scanner so that COM1 is busy. you must connect the DATA cable in some other way. 18). using the Identify Equipment function. . The port labeled DATA is used for data services. Hardware configuration The following should be borne in mind when attaching external devices to the PC: • The TEMS Scanner should be attached to COM1. Enabling Hardware Using the Identity – You can instruct TEMS Investigation to scan all COM ports in order to detect external devices.2.Insert the PCMCIA card with dual port cable labeled TEMS & DATA into the laptop PC card slot (See fig. All devices found are then enabled automatically in the application. GPS may be using COM5 with protocol NMEA 0183. Enabling can be done in two ways: either for all devices at once. 18.3 Enabling External Equipments (Hardware) Equipment can be enabled either from the Equipment Control toolbar or from the Port Configuration window. or for each device separately. The GPS is also connected in some other way. 2. • The DATA cable from a TEMS mobile should also ideally be attached to COM1. Of the two ports on the dual port cable.

NMEA 0183 etc. The detected external devices are listed in the Port Configuration window as they are identified (such a window is opened automatically if you used the button on the Equipment Control toolbar). the application starts to scan the selected COM ports for external devices. automatically recognizing the type of each device: T68. the remaining equipment control functions are disabled. During the scan. Ports allocated by other Windows applications are ignored. When you have completed the dialog.Click the Identify Equipment button Configuration window. . 19. on the Equipment Control toolbar or in the Port Fig. 20. however. The window below is the Port property Port Configuration window Fig. Use Ports: Port properties dialog Check the ports you want to be scanned during the identification procedure.

Click the Add button on the Equipment Control toolbar or in the Port Configuration window. but not connected. and for GPS choose “NMEA 0183” . 22. You must click the Identify Equipment button when you want to update the list of enabled devices. The Identify Equipment function is “semi-automatic” in the sense that it does not automatically detect new devices that are connected physically to ports. Manual Enabling – Adding One Device At A Time – External equipment can also be enabled one device at a time. Add equipment window • Select the correct COM port for MS and GPS. this state is indicated by a red-light symbol to the left of each device. If you use this method. Port Configuration window NOTE: If the GPS is connected it will be displayed in the Port Configuration. “T68”. The same equipment symbols are also shown in the main window status bar. The GPS protocol to be used with TEMS Investigation is NMEA-0183. The two cables will be treated as different . Fig. The detected devices are automatically enabled. For example. you must indicate the type of the device (e. for the T68. “NMEA-0183) yourself. 2. 21. choose “T68”for the TEMS cable.Fig. For TEMS mobiles. TEMS and DATA cables are detected as separate units.g.

whereas the DATA cable will appear as a “DC” device. and nn is an incrementing counter starting at 01. you commence drive test immediately until you have covered all the sites required of you. The same symbol appears in the status bar and in the Port Configuration window. Remember that the TEMS Investigation mobile must be attached before you can connect other devices • To connect a single external device. Connected devices are accompanied by a green-light symbol in the combo box. Click Connect All on the Connections toolbar. The TEMS cable will appear as an “MS” device as usual. Connecting External Equipment – Connecting of external devices is done as a separate step. • To connect all external devices. The next step is to connecting external equipment 3. And from the laptop you can see the path of the drive test. where MM is the current month.devices in TEMS Investigation. You can also replay saved log files. choose it in the combo box of the Equipment Control toolbar. After naming the logfile.4 Drive Test Implementation Proper After enabling and connecting external equipments. You are asked to name the logfile when you click . After enabling devices. you can now perform drive test by recording log files.log. you can now implement the drive test. You can however connect (and also disconnect) all devices at once. then Click Connect on the Equipment Control toolbar. The enabled device appears in the Port Configuration window. 23 . 2. The default naming format is MMDD_nn. Logfiles can be recorded in the following ways in TEMS Investigation: • From the Record toolbar or Logfile menu Click Start Recording on the Record toolbar. DD is the current day of the month.2. For example see fig. When all external devices are successfully connected.

click Pause Recording. Special events indicating pausing and resumption are written to the logfile. you cannot log any more data to the same file. Click the button once more to resume the recording. Click Stop Recording to end the recording and close the logfile. At any time while recording. Click Swap Logfiles.log. Example of drive test path While on drive test you can also perform the following: To pause the recording without closing the logfile. Once you have closed it. regardless of the name you chose for the original file. The new logfile will be named according to the default format MMDD_nn. To begin drive test click on and you will be prompted to name the logfile and after renaming the logfile the computer starts recording. you can close the current logfile immediately and continue recording to a new file.Fig. 23. .

Note: Sometimes you may think that you have successfully recorded the logfiles while performing drive test but to no avail. from the right-top of the task bar.1 Interference Problem Analysis Interference could be as a result of geographical environment (e. Note: To be able to replay a logfile. frequency multiplexing which brings forth co-channel and . Only one logfile can be opened at a time. hill. Fast-forward Logfile .Open a logfile/Close the logfile that is currently open. you see files counting in numbers. or a type of message 3. When the stop button is clicked to halt fast forwarding. you must disconnect your external equipment. a type of event. you can view and analyze problems like Interference. 3 3. The speed of the replay is variable and is set from the Logfile menu.Advance one step in the logfile. Play/Stop Logfile .Replay the logfile/Stop logfile replay. mountains. call drop. radar). Step Logfile . Rewind Logfile . Logfile replay is controlled from the Replay toolbar or from the Logfile menu.Play the logfile at high speed. No updating of presentation windows takes place until the replay is stopped. By replaying a logfile. There are two ways to know whether logfiles are properly recorded or not. The quickest method is to use the toolbar buttons: Open/Close Logfile .g. These two ways signifies recording. it will change to the Stop button and secondly. Find in Logfile .Rewind the logfile to the beginning.g. handover and coverage repeatedly. missing neighbors.1 DRIVE TEST ANALYSIS USING TEMS AND MAPINFO Analyze by TEMS Replay Replaying Logfiles After drive test you can replay logfiles. Note that a presentation window is not always updated when advancing a single step or just a few steps. i.Search forward in the logfile for a time instant. One way is that once you click on the Record button .1. all presentation windows are updated. external source (e.e. high building etc). read one more mobile station report.

24. Line Chart showing interference . The figure below depict downlink interference problem. Uplink interference can be positioned with the numbers of interference bands and Call Drop rates in HUAWEI OMC traffic statistics terminal. Interference band is an indication of idle TCH levels of 5 grades in all. interference of repeaters) There might be interferences in both uplinks and downlinks. In this way. Beside. And if the receivel is bad and quality good does not necessarily mean interference.adjacent interference (also know as internal interference of the system). multi-path effect and external factors of the network (e. shall idle channel fall into Interference Band 4 and Interference Band 5 continuously.g. uplink interference and downlink interference can also be positioned. Interference Band 1~5 Generally. it can be determined that there exists interference. 24) Fig. When the receive level is good but the quality is bad this shows that there is interference. measurement report for uplink and downlink can be viewed from Signaling Analyzer MA-10 connected to ABIS interface. these can be seen from the Line Chart (see Fig.

ASH000 omits the neighbor with ASH001 Fig. there will be call drop as shown in the fig below.3. window displaying This can also be confirmed from the signaling message as shown below: . 25.1.2 Missing Neighbor Problem Analysis Sometimes a site will not add its neighbor and as a result of this.

3. This will result as a lonely island and when a call is connected into the “island” of a base station. it will require result from Traffic Statistics.3 Call Drop Problem Analysis Under drive test.Fig. 26. because it will also require result from Traffic Statistics. which is far from the base station.1. analysis cannot be concluded from drive test only. . configuration handover in this cell may immediately result in Call Drop once the mobile station leaves this “island” area.4 Handover Problem Analysis So also for handover problems.5 Coverage Problem Analysis Major factors affecting coverage are the following: i. 3.1. signaling message 3.1. Blind zone for signals as a result of no overlapping between coverage areas of two base stations or no overlapping caused by obstructions and ii. Cross coverage cell as signals emitted from high base stations can be transmitted on hilly landforms or along roads to places far way. call drop problem analysis cannot be easily identified.

Logfiles can be exported in the following formats: • Text file with tab delimited data (suitable for processing in. if the logfile is currently open.Fig. While a logfile is open it cannot be exported. • MapInfo. for example. Preparing an Export Order • First. TEMS Automatic logfiles. too. so as to analyze information derived. a spreadsheet application). Interchange file or Tab file • ArcView shape file • Marconi Planet file But we shall only be using MapInfo Tab file format since we shall be using MapInfo to analyze data. • From the Logfile menu. close it. .2 Analyze by TEMS Export You export logfiles after drive test. choose Export Logfile. 27. Displaying coverage problem 3. can be exported in this format.

Enter the name of the logfiles you want to export. Export Logfile window Click Add. a dialog appears as shown below. 28.Fig. 29. It is possible to export all logfiles in a directory by typing “*. however. The Information Elements tab. On clicking the Setup button.log”. The Add Export Order dialog appears: Fig. or click “Browse file” and select the files. Then click Setup to specify details of the export. First select Format Format Input files Add Export Order dialog Select the output format for your logfiles (Select MapInfo Tab file). is common to all formats: .

30. The information elements may include the following: All-ARFCN BCCH All-Cell Name All-LAC All-RxLev Full All-RxLev Full (dBm) All-RxLev Sub *All-RxLev Sub (dBm) All-RxQual Full All-RxQual Full (%) All-RxQual Sub All-RxQual Sub (%) Note: the information elements may not necessarily include the above. MapInfo Tab-file setup Here you select which information elements.3. select it in the Available IEs list and click the “>” button. Fig. • To export an element. It depends on what you want to do. From the MapInfo Tab-file setup dialog window you also have the “Options tab” click the option tab and check “Don not export events”. .

It will have extension . Add Export Order dialog Click OK after inputting files So you add several export order one by one depending on the number of log files as shown in the Export Logfile window below Fig.Saving and Loading Export setups When you are done specifying the export. click Load and locate the . Export Logfile window displaying Added files . Click OK after selection. 31. • Click Save and store the file where appropriate. 32.tex.tex file. Input files by browsing files Fig. you may want to save the setup for future use. • To load a previously saved setup in the Setup dialog.

Fig. 33. Click Start to execute the export orders.Executing the Export Orders All the export orders you have defined are listed in the Export Logfile window. Export Logfile window displaying successful added files After execution of the export orders is successful you will see the Export Result as shown below . Click Abort to stop the execution.

click Generate Report on the Report toolbar or from the menu bar. After finishing each step. 35. click Next to proceed to the next one. Export Result window 3. 34. Report Wizard Logfiles window Step 2: Threshold Values In this step you compare information element values with thresholds. Fig. . When the report is ready it will be opened in the default web browser. To prepare a logfile report.Fig. • Select the desired file or files.3 Analyze by Generating Report From one or several logfiles you can generate a report in HTML format which summarizes the data in the logfiles. • Click the Add button to open a file dialog. Step 1: Logfiles In this step you choose the logfile or logfiles on which to base the report. click Logfile → Report Generator A wizard interface appears. All information elements listed will also have their distributions visualized in bar charts.

select a threshold pair containing it in the list and click Edit (see screenshot below).Fig. and uncheck the others. Report Wizard Thresholds window A number of thresholds are predefined in the dialog. it is indicated for each threshold • How many times the value of the information element has crossed the threshold (changed from a more normal value to a more extreme one) • How long these peaks/dips have lasted on average. To see which is counted for a particular element. . In the report. Each item in the list represents a set of two thresholds for an information element value: Whether peaks or dips are counted depends on the information element and cannot be changed. click the Add button. Check those that you wish to use. Adding User-defined Thresholds You can also define thresholds of your own: • To add a pair of thresholds. 36. you can also define your own thresholds.

• Specify the two thresholds. Make the desired changes. • Click Add to add this threshold pair to the list and keep the Add Threshold dialog open. • Choose an argument (where applicable).Fig. 38. Report Wizard Events Step 4: Devices • Check the external devices whose data you want to include in the report. Step 3: Events The report has a section with event statistics. Add Threshold window • Choose an information element. . Editing Thresholds • To edit the properties of a threshold pair. A dialog similar to the Add Threshold dialog appears. Deleting Thresholds • To delete a threshold pair. • Check the events you want to include. if available. • Click OK to add this threshold pair to the list and close the Add Threshold dialog. GPS data. select it and click the Edit button. Fig. 37. is included implicitly. By default all devices used to record the logfile will be checked. and uncheck the rest. In this step you choose what event types to include in these statistics. select it and click the Delete button.

And if there is no scanned channels click on Next. Report Wizard Devices Step 5: Scanned Channels In this step you choose which of your scanned channels you want to present in the report. 39.Fig. . The number within square brackets is the frequency band.

median. max) and an RxLev bar chart.Fig. min. Report Wizard Events Scanned Channels • Move the channels you wish to present from the Available box to the Selected box. . The averaging takes place in the mW domain. For each selected channel. the report will contain RxLev statistics (mean. Step 6: Output Directory • Specify the output directory for the report files if not specified. 40.

After processing. Report Wizard Output Directory Click on Finish after specifying the output directory for the report files The logfiles will be processed as shown below Fig. the Result as shown below Progress status bar . 42. 41.Fig.

3. you will need an input data and this input data is the TEMS exported logfiles. check the previous pages on how to export log files using TEMS Investigation GSM 4.3.0.1 Show RxLev Map by MapInfo To show RxLev Map. MapInfo can be used to analyze RX_LEV and RX_QUAL as we shall see in the following sections.Fig. If you have not exported logfiles. 43.5 Choose Start > Programs > MapInfo > MapInfo Professional 6. time • Logfile information: Logfile names and used equipment • Worst cell indication: Ranking of cells based on thresholds crossed and events triggered • Thresholds: Detailed statistics on how often and in what cells each threshold has been crossed • Events: Statistics on events • Scan data: Statistics on the signal strength of scanned channels. a Thematic Map needs to be created. • Distribution charts for threshold parameters • Distribution charts for scan data 3. Generated report results Report Contents The logfile report has the following main sections • Header: Date. .3 Analyze Using MapInfo To open MapInfo Professional 6. To analyze drive test data using MapInfo.5 or click on the shortcut on the desktop if one is created.

To create a Thematic Map simply following the steps below: Step 1: In this step click on Open Table on the toolbar or menu bar and the Open Table dialogue box comes up Fig.tab)” Change from “Automatic” to “Current Mapper” After selection click Open The result (map path) will be displayed as shown below . File name Files of type Preferred View Open Table window Select file name where saved Select “MapInfo (*. 44.

45. above shows the map path of the drive test which need to be enlarged To enlarge. simply click zoom-in on the Map tool bar . Map path not zoomed Note: The Fig.Fig.

you begin by selecting a template that you can modify to suit your requirements. You cannot create a theme without using an existing theme template. Creating a thematic map is a three-step process: Step 1: Choosing A Type Of Thematic Map Thematic templates allow you to make a thematic map based on values and settings in our default types. To create a thematic map you can only use the “Ranges” under “Type” (see fig. from menu bar choose Map > Create Thematic Map. 46.Step 1 of 3 dialog displays. Zoomed map path Creating Thematic Map To create Thematic Map.Fig. alter these settings and/or save them as a new template you can use again. When you first create a thematic map. The Create Thematic Map . 47) .

Fig. Solid Yellow-Blue. Dark Fig. 48. Region Ranges. 47. Step 2 of creating thematic map .g. Type: Template Name: Click on Next Step 2: Select a Table and a Field Step 1 of creating thematic map Select Ranges Select Template Name (e.

2. 49. RXLEV_FULL) Step 3: Customizing Your Thematic Map Fig. Choose Descending to display ranges from highest to lowest value. the order you specify is also shown in the Customize Range Styles dialog. Customize . If you are creating a ranged map.Table: Field: Click Next Select a table (these tables are logfiles) Select a field (specify what you want to analyze e. 1. Preview Displays a sample legend of the thematic map you are creating. and change the legend's label order. Legend label Order Ascending and Descending determines the order in which range and value labels (for ranged and individual values maps) and field labels (for all other thematic maps) appear in the legend. or create the map based on the default settings. Step 3 of creating thematic map The last step allows you to customize your thematic map.g. You can also preview the map's legend before you display the map. Choose Ascending to display ranges from lowest to highest value.

Allows you to customize settings on a ranged map. 50. This option is available for ranged and grid maps. 50 above. Customize Ranges window Method: Select ‘Custom’ # of Ranges: Select ‘4’ to define the ranges for RXLEV_FULL or Select ‘3’ to define the ranges for RXQUAL_FULL Define the minimum (>=Min) and maximum (<Max) ranges as shown in fig. The window changes as shown below. . Fig.The buttons in the Customize group enable you to change the default settings of particular aspects of your thematic map Ranges . click Recalc. After defining the ranges.

g. Customize Ranges window Note: The percentage (%) beside ‘<Max’ must be 100% and if perhaps it is not 100%.Enables you to customize style attributes such as color and size. modify 0 to -1 or 66 to 67. bar. you have to modify the ranges again e. Click OK Styles . and individual value maps. This option is available for ranged. 51.Fig. pie. .

52. Customize Range Style window Click on the Style Buttons at left to change style .Fig.

Enables you to customize your legend. This option is available for all types of thematic maps. Legend .Fig. Click OK after defining all your colors. Symbol Style window Select the symbol style color of your choice to define your range. 53. .

you are prompted to confirm this action. style and legend for say RXLEV_FULL. 54. after customizing the ranges. Therefore.Displays the Save Theme to a Template dialog. you may use the ranges defined below 35 – 66 (RXLEV>-75dBm) . Customize Legend window Define your ranges from the “Edit selected range here” and can also be modified through same. you can save the template so that you use it again for other logfiles. For RXLEV_FULL. If you overwrite an existing template.Fig. This will save you a lot of stress customizing severally. and when modifying an existing theme merge the thematic map with another template. save the thematic map as a template. Type a unique name or select an existing name and overwrite it. Save As . Click OK Template The buttons in the Templates group enable you to specify a name for a template.

style and legend . 55.20 – 35 (-90dBm=<RXLEV<-75dBm) 15 – 20 (-95dBm=<RXLEV<-90dBm) 0 – 15 (-110dBm=<RXLEV<-95dBm) Fig. Customize range.

made more presentable) from the tool bar Choose Layer Control > select Layer and click Display > Style override . Thematic Map showing Rx_Lev The size of the thematic map can be modified (i. 56.e.Fig.

style and legend is as follows: 6=<QUAL<=7 4=<QUAL<6 . style and legend will be different. 58. The customize range. Font: Size: Symbol: Colour: Then click OK Symbol Style window Select font (select MapInfo Symbols) Select size of your choice (preferably 6) Select desired symbol Select desired colour Fig.2 Show RxQual Map by MapInfo For RX_QUAL.Fig. Modified Thematic Map showing Rx_Lev 3.3.1) but the customize range. 57. follow the same step as for RX_LEV (see Section 3.3.

59. and the window below appears. Modified Thematic Map showing Rx_Qual 3.3 Sector Swap Problem How to show BCCH You show BCCH on a thematic map by following the steps below: Click on Layer Control.0=<QUAL<4 Fig.3. .

60. Layer Control window Click on Label and the sites label options appears as shown below .Fig.

Fig. Label with: Site label Options window Select BCCH (note that it may not necessarily be named as BCCH in the excel table rather named with another name but still have the BCCH frequency points) Styles: Click OK You can change the Font. 61. Text color. Thematic map showing BCCH . 62. Font size. Effects from Styles Note: You must check auto label and label with BCCH for all layers selected Click Ok again on the Layer Control window and the BCCH map appears as shown below Fig.

which will be corrected after swap. 63. BCCH of MIN008-6:757 show at the direction of 120°. . we can see that sectors 5 and 6 were swapped. 2400 BCCH of MIN008-1: 105 BCCH of MIN008-4: 747 BCCH of MIN008-2: 108 BCCH of MIN008-5: 741 BCCH of MIN008-3: 103 BCCH of M008-6: 757 Fig. 63. 1200.MIN008 sector swap (for Example) MIN008 Azimuth: 00. BCCH of MIN008-5:741 show at the direction of 240°. Map showing swapped sectors From the above fig.

e.0) will give you B2 = 11 (B2 shows the degree part which is just two digits instead of three digits) Alternatively. This section will teach you on how you can use these functions effectively to change coordinates in decimal to TEMS cel format. one for Latitude and the other for Longitude. 64.266472 (D2 shows the minutes part which is just a digit i. You can also use the IF function to get the degree part without any missing digit i. LEFT.0&D2.e. 1."00"&D2) will give you E2 . 7 instead of two digits) Alternatively. Fig. Some of these functions include: ROUNDDOWN. 65.0 Tems cel file created skill The TEMS cel file created skill refers to how you can use some of the functions in excel spreadsheet to manipulate and convert co-ordinates (Latitude and Longitude) in decimal to degree and minutes. Table of Tems cel format From the table above (fig.12111 to degree and minutes (in TEMS format) Solution: Fig.12111 =ROUNDDOWN(A2. Table of Tems cel format using IF function =IF(B2>=10. We are going to consider two examples. Covert latitude 11.4."00"&B2) will give you C2 = 011 (C2 shows the degree part with complete digit) Step 2 To get the minute part (fig.64) =A2-B2 will give you C2 = 0.0&B2. 65) =IF(D2<=10.121108 =C2*60 will give you D2 = 7. RIGHT. IF etc. you can also use the IF function to get the minute part (See fig. 64) Step1 To get the degree part A2 = 11.

=LEFT(F2. But the note that the space between ‘E’ and the digits is double spacing. 66.2664 G = N 01107. Sometimes you add two zeros to the degree part.Step 3 Combine the degree and minutes together as shown below ="N " &B2&D2 will give you E2 = N 117. Sometimes only one part is incomplete. so you reduce (or approximate) it to 4 decimal places by using the function LEFT.12) gave us G = N 01107.26647219999997 remember that there is a space between N and the digits) (N indicating latitude and Since the degree part and minute part are not complete according to the format (see fig.num_chars): Returns the specified number of characters from the start of a text string . ="N 0"&B2&0&D2 gave us F = N 01107. just add 0 to any part you know it’s incomplete.5) =RIGHT(A3) Description (Result) Last 5 characters of the first string (Price) Last character of the second string (r) LEFT(text.10).232776 to degree and minutes (in TEMS format) Fig.26647219999997 Or ="N "&"0"&B2&"0"&D2 The number of decimal places of F is too long.num_chars): Returns the specified number of characters from the end of a text string Formula =RIGHT(A2. Table Simply follow same steps for latitude. MEANING RIGHT(text. Covert longitude 5.2664 shows the Tems cel format 2. make-up for the remaining digits by adding 0 (zero) as shown below.

2.14159 down to three decimal places (3.92654.num_digits): Rounds a number down. 0) =ROUNDDOWN(76.0) =ROUNDDOWN(3.4) =LEFT(A3) Description (Result) First four characters in the first string First character in the second string ROUNDDOWN(number.1) Rounds 31415.14159. 3) =ROUNDDOWN(-3. 1) =ROUNDDOWN(31415.92654 down to 2 decimal places to the left of the decimal (31400) .Formula =LEFT(A2.14159 down to one decimal place (-3.2 down to zero decimal places (3) Rounds 76.9.9 down to zero decimal places (76) Rounds 3. towards zero Formula =ROUNDDOWN(3.141) Rounds -3.14159. -2) Description (Result) Rounds 3.