You are on page 1of 8

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123 RETRIGGERABLE MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATORS

These dc triggered multivibrators feature pulse width control by three methods. The basic pulse width is programmed by selection of external resistance and capacitance values. The LS122 has an internal timing resistor that allows the circuits to be used with only an external capacitor. Once triggered, the basic pulse width may be extended by retriggering the gated low-level-active (A) or high-level-active (B) inputs, or be reduced by use of the overriding clear.

RETRIGGERABLE MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATORS


LOW POWER SCHOTTKY

Overriding Clear Terminates Output Pulse Compensated for VCC and Temperature Variations DC Triggered from Active-High or Active-Low Gated Logic Inputs Retriggerable for Very Long Output Pulses, up to 100% Duty Cycle Internal Timing Resistors on LS122
16 1

J SUFFIX CERAMIC CASE 620-09

SN54 / 74LS123 (TOP VIEW) (SEE NOTES 1 THRU 4)


1 Rext/ 1 VCC Cext Cext 16 15 14 1Q 13 2Q 12 2 CLR 11 CLR Q Q 4 1Q 5 2Q 6 2 Cext 8 7 2 GND Rext/ Cext
14 1 16 1

2B 10

2A 9

16 1

N SUFFIX PLASTIC CASE 648-08

Q CLR Q 1 1A 2 1B 3 1 CLR

D SUFFIX SOIC CASE 751B-03

J SUFFIX CERAMIC CASE 632-08

SN54 / 74LS122 (TOP VIEW) (SEE NOTES 1 THRU 4)


VCC 14 Rext/ Cext 13 NC 12 Cext 11 NC 10 Rint 9 Rint Q CLR Q 1 A1 2 A2 3 B1 4 B2 5 CLR 6 Q 7 GND Q 8

14 1

N SUFFIX PLASTIC CASE 646-06

14 1

D SUFFIX SOIC CASE 751A-02

NC NO INTERNAL CONNECTION.
NOTES: 1. An external timing capacitor may be connected between Cext and Rext/Cext (positive). 2. To use the internal timing resistor of the LS122, connect Rint to VCC. 3. For improved pulse width accuracy connect an external resistor between Rext/Cext and VCC with Rint open-circuited. 4. To obtain variable pulse widths, connect an external variable resistance between Rint/Cext and VCC.

ORDERING INFORMATION
SN54LSXXXJ SN74LSXXXN SN74LSXXXD Ceramic Plastic SOIC

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-1

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
LS122 FUNCTIONAL TABLE
INPUTS CLEAR L X X X H H H H H H H A1 X H X X L L X X H L X A2 X H X X X X L L H X L B1 X X L X H H H H H H H B2 X X X L H H H H H H H OUTPUTS Q L L L L Q H H H H CLEAR L X X H H

LS123 FUNCTIONAL TABLE


INPUTS A X H X L L B X X L H H OUTPUTS Q L L L Q H H H

TYPICAL APPLICATION DATA The output pulse tW is a function of the external components, Cext and Rext or Cext and Rint on the LS122. For values of Cext 1000 pF, the output pulse at VCC = 5.0 V and VRC = 5.0 V (see Figures 1, 2, and 3) is given by tW = K Rext Cext where K is nominally 0.45 If Cext is on pF and Rext is in k then tW is in nanoseconds. The Cext terminal of the LS122 and LS123 is an internal connection to ground, however for the best system performance Cext should be hard-wired to ground. Care should be taken to keep Rext and Cext as close to the monostable as possible with a minimum amount of inductance between the Rext/Cext junction and the Rext/Cext pin. Good groundplane and adequate bypassing should be designed into the system for optimum performance to insure that no false triggering occurs. It should be noted that the Cext pin is internally connected to ground on the LS122 and LS123, but not on the LS221. Therefore, if Cext is hard-wired externally to ground, substitution of a LS221 onto a LS123 socket will cause the LS221 to become non-functional. The switching diode is not needed for electrolytic capacitance application and should not be used on the LS122 and LS123. To find the value of K for Cext 1000 pF, refer to Figure 4. Variations on VCC or VRC can cause the value of K to change, as can the temperature of the LS123, LS122. Figures 5 and 6 show the behavior of the circuit shown in Figures 1 and 2 if separate power supplies are used for VCC and VRC. If VCC is tied to VRC, Figure 7 shows how K will vary with VCC and temperature. Remember, the changes in Rext and Cext with temperature are not calculated and included in the graph. As long as Cext 1000 pF and 5K Rext 260K (SN74LS122 / 123) or 5K Rext 160 K (SN54LS122 / 123), the change in K with respect to Rext is negligible. If Cext 1000 pF the graph shown on Figure 8 can be used to determine the output pulse width. Figure 9 shows how K will change for Cext 1000 pF if VCC and VRC are connected to the same power supply. The pulse width tW in nanoseconds is approximated by tW = 6 + 0.05 Cext (pF) + 0.45 Rext (k) Cext + 11.6 Rext In order to trim the output pulse width, it is necessary to include a variable resistor between VCC and the Rext/Cext pin or between VCC and the Rext pin of the LS122. Figure 10, 11, and 12 show how this can be done. Rext remote should be kept as close to the monostable as possible. Retriggering of the part, as shown in Figure 3, must not occur before Cext is discharged or the retrigger pulse will not have any effect. The discharge time of Cext in nanoseconds is guaranteed to be less than 0.22 Cext (pF) and is typically 0.05 Cext (pF). For the smallest possible deviation in output pulse widths from various devices, it is suggested that Cext be kept 1000 pF.

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-2

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
GUARANTEED OPERATING RANGES
Symbol VCC TA IOH IOL Rext Cext Rext / Cext Supply Voltage Operating Ambient Temperature Range Output Current High Output Current Low External Timing Resistance External Capacitance Wiring Capacitance at Rext / Cext Terminal Parameter 54 74 54 74 54, 74 54 74 54 74 54, 74 54, 74 5.0 5.0 Min 4.5 4.75 55 0 Typ 5.0 5.0 25 25 Max 5.5 5.25 125 70 0.4 4.0 8.0 180 260 No Restriction 50 pF Unit V C mA mA k

WAVEFORMS

RETRIGGER PULSE B INPUT

(See Application Data)

Q OUTPUT tW OUTPUT WITHOUT RETRIGGER

EXTENDING PULSE WIDTH

B INPUT

CLEAR INPUT

CLEAR PULSE

OUTPUT WITHOUT CLEAR PULSE Q OUTPUT

OVERRIDING THE OUTPUT PULSE

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-3

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
DC CHARACTERISTICS OVER OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE (unless otherwise specified)
Limits S b l Symbol VIH VIL VIK VOH P Parameter Input HIGH Voltage 54 Input LOW Voltage 74 Input Clamp Diode Voltage 54 Output HIGH Voltage 74 54, 74 VOL Output LOW Voltage 74 Input HIGH Current 0.1 Input LOW Current Short Circuit Current (Note 1) LS122 ICC Power Supply Current LS123 20 20 0.4 100 11 mA VCC = MAX 0.35 0.5 20 IIH IIL IOS V A mA mA mA 2.7 3.5 0.25 0.4 V V 2.5 0.65 3.5 0.8 1.5 V V Min 2.0 0.7 V Typ Max U i Unit V T Test C Conditions di i Guaranteed Input HIGH Voltage for All Inputs Guaranteed Input p LOW Voltage g for All Inputs VCC = MIN, IIN = 18 mA , IOH = MAX, , VIN = VIH VCC = MIN, or VIL per Truth Table IOL = 4.0 mA IOL = 8.0 mA VCC = VCC MIN, VIN = VIL or VIH per Truth Table

VCC = MAX, VIN = 2.7 V VCC = MAX, VIN = 7.0 V VCC = MAX, VIN = 0.4 V VCC = MAX

Note 1: Not more than one output should be shorted at a time, nor for more than 1 second.

AC CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25C, VCC = 5.0 V)


Limits S b l Symbol tPLH tPHL tPLH tPHL tPLH tPHL tW min tWQ P Parameter Propagation p g Delay, y, A to Q Propagation Delay, A to Q Propagation p g Delay, y, B to Q Propagation Delay, B to Q Propagation p g Delay, y, Clear to Q Propagation Delay, Clear to Q A or B to Q A to B to Q 4.0 Min Typ 23 32 23 34 28 20 116 4.5 Max 33 ns 45 44 ns 56 45 ns 27 200 5.0 ns s Cext = 1000 pF, p , Rext = 10 k, CL = 15 pF, RL = 2.0 k Cext = 0 CL = 15 pF Rext = 5.0 k RL = 2.0 k U i Unit T C di i Test Conditions

AC SETUP REQUIREMENTS (TA = 25C, VCC = 5.0 V)


Limits S b l Symbol tW Pulse Width P Parameter Min 40 Typ Max U i Unit ns T Test C Conditions di i

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-4

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
VCC VRC Rext Cext Cext CLR B2 B1 A2 A1 51 Rext/ Cext LS122 Q GND VCC Q Pout VCC

VCC

VRC Rext

VCC

Cext Cext Rext/ VCC Cext Q CLR 1/2 LS123 B Pin 51 A Q GND

0.1 F Pout

0.1 F

Pin

Figure 1

Figure 2

Pin

Pout

tW

RETRIGGER

Figure 3

10 5K Rext 260K EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE, Cext ( F)

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.3

0.35

0.4

0.45

0.5

0.55

Figure 4

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-5

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
0.55 VRC = 5 V Cext = 1000 pF 0.5 0.5 55C 0C 25C 70C 0.4 125C 0.4 0C 0.55 VCC = 5 V Cext = 1000 pF 55C 25C 70C 125C 0.4 0.5 0.55 Cext = 1000 pF

55C 0C 25C 70C 125C

K
0.45

K
0.45

K
0.45

0.35 4.5

5.5

0.35 4.5

5.5

0.35 4.5 5 5.5

VCC Figure 5. K versus VCC

VRC Figure 6. K versus VRC

VCC = VRC Figure 7. K versus VCC and VRC

100000

10000 t W , OUTPUT PULSE WIDTH (ns)

Rext = 260 k Rext = 160 k

1000

100

Rext = 80 k Rext = 40 k Rext = 20 k Rext = 10 k Rext = 5 k

10

10

100

1000

Cext, EXTERNAL TIMING CAPACITANCE (pF)

Figure 8

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-6

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
0.65

Cext = 200 pF 55C 0.6 0C 25C

70C K 0.55

125C

0.5

4.5

4.75

5 VCC VOLTS

5.25

5.5

Figure 9

VCC Rext REMOTE

PIN 7 OR 15 Cext PIN 6 OR 14

Rext

Figure 10. LS123 Remote Trimming Circuit

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-7

SN54/74LS122 SN54/74LS123
VCC PIN 9 OPEN Rext PIN 13 Cext PIN 11 Rext REMOTE

Figure 11. LS122 Remote Trimming Circuit Without Rext

VCC Rext REMOTE

PIN 9 PIN 13

PIN 11

Figure 12. LS122 Remote Trimming Circuit with Rint

FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-8