SULIT4551/2

Section A
Bahagian A
[60Marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
1

Diagram 1 shows two organelles which can be found in cell.

P

Q
Diagram 1

a) Name both the organelles P and Q.
P:…………………………………………………………………………………….
Q:…………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks ]
b) State one function for each organelles
P: ……………………………………………………………………………………….
Q:……………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 2 marks]
c) Give three differences between plants cells and animal cells
Plant Cells

Animal Cells

1
2
3
[3 marks]
d) Name two types of tissues found in animals
……………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]
TOTAL:9 marks

1

Q…………………………………………………………………………………………. state two characteristics of plasma membrane 1.. (i) Explain how glucose pass through structure S. S Q R P Diagram 2 (a) (i) Name structure labeled Q and S. ……………………………………………………………………………………… 2. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] 2 . ……………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] (b) Glucose can pass through structure S by facilitated diffusion but cannot pass through structure Q.2 Diagram 2 shows a fluid mosaic model of a plasma membrane. [2 marks] ii Based on the above model. S :……………………………………………………………………………………….

Nyatakan definisi osmosis. ………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 mark] (ii) Explain why food is preserved using concentrated sugar solution. ……………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks] (c) The movement of water across the plasma membrane is through osmosis. Terangkan mengapa makanan diawet menggunakan larutan gula pekat. Pergerakan air merentasi membran plasma adalah melalui osmosis....(ii) Explain why the glucose cannot pass through structure Q. …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………. (i) State the definition of osmosis. …………………………………………………………………………………………. [ 3 marks] 3 .

.......... Diagram 3 ..............................d) Diagram 3 shows a spinach that is cut vertically into four equal-sized that are 5cm in length................... Draw what would happen to the strips after 1 hour................ Three same strips are immersed in three different solution ( 30% sucrose solution...................................... ..................... [1 marks] Total: 17 marks 4 .. 10 % sucrose solution and distilled water ............... a) Sucrose Sucrose concentration 10% concentration 30% Distilled Water [3marks] e) Which of the following solution will make the strip to undergo plasmolysis .

3) Diagram 4 shows the hypothesis of the mechanism of enzyme lactase reaction on a substrate.T and U when enzyme lactase is use? R:……………………………………………………………………………………… S::……………………………………………………………………………………… T:……………………………………………………………………………………….S. U:………………………………………………………………………………………. R U T S Diagram 4 a) State the hypothesis ……………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1mark] b) What is represented by R... [4 Marks] 5 .

…………………………………………………………………………………………. a housewife carries out the following step: Step 1: Marinate pieces of meat with strips of unripe papaya in a basin. 6 . [ 3marks] (d ) In a food preparation process.. Step 2: Immerse the basin in a container filled with water at 40 0 C for 30 minutes as shown in Diagram 3.……………………………………………………………………………………………. ….. …. explain the steps taken by the housewife..…………………………………………………………………………………………….3 Basin water pieces of meat unripe papaya DIAGRAM 3.3 By using your knowledge in Biology. ………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………………………… …..c) Describe the enzyme reaction based on the hypothesis …………………………………………………………………………………………..

. ….……………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 4 marks] Total: 12 marks 3.. Mitotic Phase ph X G1 G2 S 7 ..…. ….……………………………………………………………………………………………. Diagram 5 shows the cell cycle..……………………………………………………………………………………………...

Diagram 5 a) Name four phases that occur during mitotic phase? ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 Marks] b) What is X? ……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 Mark] c) What are the differences of X between animal cell and plant cells? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… [2 Marks] d) Explain what happen during S phase? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… 8 .

a) State five enzymes that is used in industry and its commercial application [10 marks] b) Describe how enzyme-controlled reaction is affected by: i) pH ii) Temperature [5 marks] 9 .[ 2 Marks] e) Explain how the formation of cancer cells? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… [ 3 Marks] Total : 10 marks Section B:Essay Question 1.

Total : 15 marks 2. Cloning is one of the application of mitosis a) What is meant by cloning? [ 2 marks] b) Describe one cloning technique to produce a commercial plant of desirable characteristics in large scale. [8 marks] c) State the advantages and disadvantages of cloning [5 marks] Total : 15 marks --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- End 10 of Question .

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