Airport Solution Guide

More know-how for perfect harmony

Building a New Electric World

Airport Solution Guide

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Introduction

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Typical Airport Tender Document

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Transparent Ready

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Electrical Energy Infrastructure
High Availability Architecture Expertise Incomers Generator sets Ring Main & Substations Power quality Electrical Network Managment

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Control Tower & Runways

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Airfield
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Terminal
Requirements Electrical distribution Lighting HVAC Security VDI Lightning protection Secured power Building Automation

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BHS
A world under the floor Electrical distribution Control

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Passenger Boarding Bridge

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Expertise

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Product offer overview

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Introduction

Your requirements
Managing aircraft, passengers and baggage is the key business of Airports, leading to many other activities. The main task of Airport Management is to allow the flow to continue and improve. Since you need to invest for the long term, selecting the right supply partner is critical to this ongoing development.

Schneider Electric: global coverage, complete solutions, one source
Our state-of-the-art, world-leading product portfolio is the result of years of investment in products that will exceed your expectations, today and tomorrow. Based on our total commitment to innovation, and investment-protecting open architectures, this comprehensive product range offers a solution for your every need when it comes to power supply, automation and control applications. Service and support are the foundation of our operations. From initial consultation, through engineering to installation and commissioning, the Schneider Electric team is there to advise you for all your requirements. Schneider’s business has always been focused on customer service. This means that wherever you do business throughout the world, you can select products (compliant with all standards, IEC & NEMA) and services that are second to none. Service starts before a sale is made. Our team of professionals, whose industrial knowledge and expertise enable them to thoroughly understand your applications, bring added value to the relationship and maximise the efficiency of your investment.

We have a History
Schneider Electric has brought together a number of leading brands, including Merlin Gerin, Square D and Telemecanique, which have been and still are at the cutting edge of development in the global electrical industry. Modicon and April, now range names, are also well known in the airport industry. According to their range, TAC for Building Automation, Infra+ for VDI, MGE UPS for uninterruptible power supply, BC transformateurs for transformers, some global or regional brands also take place in this sector. With equipment installed in numerous airports all around the world, Schneider Electric is a proven leader in the supply of products and services for Electrical Energy Infrastructure, Passenger Terminal power supplies and automation, Baggage Handling System, boarding bridges and Airfield Ground Lighting automation and control.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2003

brands of

Schneider
Electric

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2003

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Typical Airport Tender Document

Where Schneider Electric can help you ?

A 100 Soll Stabilization

A 200 Control Tower

A 300 Runway

A 101 Bulk Excavation A 102 Soll Improvement A 103 Fencing

A 201 Civil Works
see p.21

A 301 Earthworks A 302 Airfield Pavement A 303 Right Angle & rapid Exits A 304 Taxiways A 305 Apron A 306 Apron Flood Lighting
see p. 22

A 202 Precabling VDI

see p.10

A 203 Electrical installations A 204 Gensets A 205 UPS

see p. 15

see p. 20

A 206 Fire Detection A 207 Meteorological Equipment A 208 Aeronautical Equipment

A 307 Airfield Lighting

This is an example of typical Airport Tender Document.
There is no ultimate form for this kind of document, but the breakdown in packages is generally not very far from this one. “A” stands for Airport, and the numbers point out the different packages. Schneider Electric clearly appears in this document as a key electrical components supplier.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

A 400 Terminal Building

A 500 Baggage Handling System

A 600 Aircraft Services

A 700 Airport information

A 800 Power Supply Substation

A 401 Earthworks A 402 Building shell A 403 Ironmongery A 404 Sanitary Fixtures
see p. 32

see p. 40

A 501 Check-in A 502 Sortation

see p. 26

A 601 400Hz Power Supply A 602 Pre Conditioned Air

A 701 Airport Inf. Managt. Syst. A 702 Flight Inf. Display Syst. A 703 CUTE / DCS A 704 Post signaling
see p.37

A 801 Building Shell A 802 Mechanical Services
see p. 15

see p. 40

see p. 40

A 503 Conveyors

A 603 Docking Guidance System
see p.28

A 803 Incomers

see p. 40

A 504 Early Bag Store A 505 Reclaim

A 604 Fuel Hydrant System

see p. 15

A 804 Generator Sets A 805 Ring Main

A 405 LV cabling & Wiring A 406 Lighting Fixtures A 407 UPS A 408 HVAC

see p. 40

A 705 UPS

see p. 16

see p. 33

A 506 Sort Allocation Computer A 507 Hold Baggage Screening
see p.43

see p. 18

A 806 Network Management A 807 400Hz production

see p. 37

see p. 24

see p. 34

A 508 UPS for HBS

A 409 Escalators A 410 Moving Walways A 411 Lifts
see p.46

A 412 Boarding Bridges A 413 Precabling VDI

see p.35

see p. 35

A 414 Safety & Security Syst.
see p.38

A 415 Building Automation

A 416 Automated People Mover

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Are You Transparent Ready ?

Transparent ReadyTM solutions
Maintaining the airport in optimal conditions to ensure safety and enable the movements to continue is the major challenge for operators, engineering companies and contractors involved in airport design and operation. To get the information to make the right decision quickly contributes to reaching this goal.

Web-enable Power and Control
Thanks to Web technologies, Transparent ReadyTM products, software and services provide new wide-open solutions for optimizing electrical distribution, industrial control and automation performance. Now Schneider Electric offers web-enabled products, software and services, a standard web browser such as Internet Explorer © provide immediate access to all the information you need in real time from any location by any authorised personal around the clock. More people can work together more closely, to give your business the competitive edge. And more key decision managers in management, operation, services and cost accounting, can work together more readily as a team. So along with the benefits of Transparent ReadyTM initiative, you’ll gain easier access to information to get decisions right and help maximize your competitiveness.

Eight benefits for airport designers, contractors, and operators
1 Leveraging web technologies for your benefit Transparent ReadyTM performances facilitate enterprise-wide access to information. So mission critical data can be shared more easily. 2 Anytime anyplace Wherever you are in the life cycle from design to installation, operations and maintenance, Transparent ReadyTM lets you optimize the performance of your Power & Control installation. 3 Direct, quick and simple Whether you are across the city or across the planet, shared access offers a fully Transparent ReadyTM view. So wherever and whenever you need it, you can put the facts at people’s fingertips. Right away. 4 Fully-featured access security Transparent ReadyTM performance lets you protect information by managing access rights, to safeguard shared access via intranet or extranet. 5 Technology that works together Transparent ReadyTM technology is fully compatible with open Internet standards such as Ethernet TCP/IP and internationally recognized technologies such as W3C. So unlike more proprietary networks, it is based on standards that are universal today. And future safe for tomorrow. Unlike other pre-integrated solutions, Transparent Ready(tm) is wide open to your ideas from the start ! 6 Solutions that grow together Now you can grow or upgrade your power & control installation with technology that’s ready for whatever the present or future may bring. Ready to grow in-line with your changing needs, ready to cut the time - and cost - of design and installation, thanks to standard plug and play connectivity. Ready to streamline operations and maintenance with non-complex software 8 Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

7 Ready for sharing enterprise-wide Transparent ReadyTM performance enables the global management of mission critical resources. Whether you are looking at the entire airport, at all of the MV substations, or for information on automation devices throughout the Baggage Handling System… 8 More bottom-line benefits with e-services From network feasibility studies to control system design, trouble shooting and remote maintenance, a full range of e-Services are available. Result: Yet more ways to boost the performance and bottom line benefits of your Transparent Readyz solutions. Whether you work with Schneider Electric, a recognized service provider, business partner or your installation’s operator, e-Services are ready to boost productivity, optimize resource management of installations and deliver the competitive edge Transparent Ready for energy management
TM

Web serving power distribution Optimized solutions for electric power ■ Network cost-management ■ kWh energy quality control ■ HV/MV and MV/LV substation telecontrol and automation ■ Switchgear remote management (operation & maintenance including diagnosis) ■ Consumer/supplier relationships management ■ Energy costs assigned by service ■ Running costs and total outgoing loads visualized ■ Availability of the supply to your network and diagnosis of eventual problems Web serving processes Optimized solutions for any process ■ Instant access to traceable data ■ Historical data ■ Alarm management ■ Direct access to Key Process Indicators ■ Remote diagnosis and maintenance ■ Link with ERP ■ Link with EPS Web serving building management Optimized solutions for passenger terminal building ■ Power distribution ■ HVAC systems management ■ Lighting control ■ Access control and intrusion detection ■ Fire sensors and alarms ■ Lifts and escalators and mechanical walkways ■ Multi-site management of property pool

Transparent Ready for process management

TM

Transparent Ready for building management

TM

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Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

High Availability
Continuity of supply is essential for airports. Two levels of basic requirements can be identified, namely: Safety for the technical platform (Aircraft, Control Tower, Airfield Ground Lighting) ■ Continuity for the commercial platform (Passenger Terminal, Baggage Handling, Boarding Bridges...)

Power availability is formally defined as the probability of correct supply at any given time. Improving power availability means using functions that minimize supply downtime. Downtime is often the result of a fault on the network itself or in the energy source. But another reason can be abnormal energy consumption leading to excessive stress on the power feeders and incomers and consequent load shedding. To provide the operating dependability required, production as a whole (emergency generator, UPS, etc.), electrical distribution (MV, LV, AC, DC current) and the other airport utilities (HVAC, etc.) must be designed on the basis of an overall dependability study that takes into account the notions of reliability, availability and maintainability. Schneider Electric provides you with its strong experience in high availability electrical distribution architecture and a wide range of robust electrical offerings.

Architecture
G G

G

B

A

G

M

M

A

M

M

M

M

B

Although there is no evidence of an ultimate single-line diagram, some general rules can be proposed. Since electrical power availability is a main issue, 3 different sources are generally used to supply airports: 2 sources connected to the utility grid and a generator source. For the same reason, i.e. availability, a MV ring layout is preferred because it allows automatic and instant MV network reconfiguration and faulty section isolation. The generator source may be a group of centralized or distributed generator sets. In both cases, one of the generators or at least a dedicated circuit is devoted to the technical platform: Airfield Ground Lighting and Control Tower. For availability reasons as well, the different MV/LV substations are linked into different rings according to their level of availability requirements. The following single-line diagrams show 2 typical airport architectures, designed by Schneider Electric.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Medium size international hub airport
This airport, fed by 2 main 11kV incomers, chose a centralized backup (3 generator sets). Schneider Electric designed the architecture, and provided the MV equipments (150 cubicles) as well as the electrical network management system.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

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Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Large size international hub airport
The starting points / requirements of this airport were: ■ 3 main 33kV incomers ■ a decentralized backup: v 9 distributed generator sets v gensets situated close to the more important loads ■ loads grouped in loops according to their sensitivity Schneider Electric designed the architecture and provided the whole MV equipments.
BF 33 kV BF 11 kV BF 33 kV AP

x2

x2 x2

BG

AG

x2 x2

x3

x3

x2 x2 x2 x2

x2 x2 x2 x2

x2

G
x3 x3 x2 x2 x2 x2

BJ

AM1

AM

D

A AW

G
x3

G

BK

AJ

A

U1

J

BM

G

G

AZ

U2

L

H

G

G

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

33 kV

33 kV

AF

33 kV

PS

P A&T

T

AB

AB1

M

CO2

x2

CO2

M

CO2

x2

CO2

x3

x2

BE

X

Y

Z
CO2

V2

W

G

CO2

CO2

G

G

N

400 H

G
x3 x3

F

E

R

Q

x2

BA

AD
M

x3

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Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Expertise
Producing an Airport Electrical Energy Infrastructure and defining a protection, monitoring and control architecture rely not only on correct analysis of the requirements, but on a technical and economic compromise with optimal results based on experience. As the manufacturer of our products, we are in the best position to study how to get the most from them and optimize their operation. To help you in your decision-making or to validate your solutions, Schneider Electric has an organization of skilled professionals who have acquired a wide range of experience by dealing with very diverse situations. These professionals are at your disposal to assist with: ■ preliminary studies ■ network architecture ■ safety / availability studies ■ protection plan definition ■ power quality ■ power factor ■ network operation and monitoring ■ technician /operator training ■ supervision of implementation and operation ■ trials and commissioning Our skilled professionals, working closely with you, benefit from the on-going training and support of a world-wide group of experts and comprehensive investigation resources which enable them to respond to all kinds of situations and provide the solution to precisely fit your requirements at best costs.

A wide range of robust offerings
Schneider Electric provides innovative solutions in electrical distribution and automation. And because it is one of the few global suppliers with an offering that meets standards requirements, notably IEC (International) and NEMA (North America), as well as directives concerning environmental protection, it will support you far into the future. Our main design, production, sales and service operations are ISO 9001 certified. Schneider's solutions involve a general response: rather than offering a series of products, equipment and software items, each designed to meet a portion of the requirements, it offers an overall, fully integrated power and control solution ensuring robustness, reliability and easy operation.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Incomers
HV HV/MV substations are one of the key areas of the Electrical Energy Infrastructure and are therefore required to provide high availability. Schneider Electric, with its exclusive HV partner Vatech, provides you with full HV/MV substation solutions to meet your expectations: ■ high voltage supply: a comprehensive range of gas insulated switchgear, conventional circuit breakers, disconnectors, earthing switches... See Vatech Schneider catalogue for more. ■ power transformation: star or delta HV/MV transformers, primary voltage from 72.5 to 245 kV, up to 125 MVA power. See Vatech Schneider catalogue for more. ■ medium voltage distribution: a comprehensive range of gas insulated switchgear (GMset, GM6, CBGS), metalclad switchgear (MCset, Fluair 400) and metal enclosed cubicle switchgear (SM6) from 7.2 to 52 kV. ■ protection, monitoring and control: Easergy, Sepam and PowerLogic ranges, for new or retrofit substations, local or remote. ■ power compensation: capacitor banks from 7 to 170 kV. These solutions provide you with: ■ high availability optimized substation operation safe and reliable equipment ■ cost effective solution for a whole life cycle optimum network operation custom engineered products and integrated services ■ environment-friendly products optimization of available space ■ secure and easy man machine interface simple communication for network management easy data processing of electrical power consumption

MV

MCset

GM6

Generator sets
The generator set is the ideal solution to assure continuity of power supply in case of upstream fault (grid or incoming substation outage). As a backup device, a generator set must be reliable to ensure the availability and quality of energy. End users also expect their gensets to ensure the safety of people and equipment, optimized cost of kWh produced, easy installation management and maintenance. Schneider Electric provides solutions for the protection, automation, monitoring and control of generator sets: see the specialised brochure to know more.

CBGS

Specialized generator set brochure Art.10008

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Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Ring Main and Substations
For availability reasons, a MV ring layout is generally preferred because it allows MV network reconfiguration and faulty section isolation. The different MV/LV substations are linked into different rings according to their availability requirements. MV/LV substations are the nodes of the Electrical Distribution network. To contribute to the general continuity of supply, they are expected to be reliable, dependable and safe. Schneider Electric, number one in MV/LV substations, provides you with a unique concept to meet your requirements, whatever they are. MV switchboard: a comprehensive range of compact switchgear (RM6, Ringmaster RN, CAS 36) or modular switchgear (SM6, Ringmaster CE/SE, Genie EVO, CBGS ), from 3 to 52 kV, up to 2500 A ■ MV / LV transformer: oil immersed transformer (Minera), dry resin-coated type transformer (Trihal), 3 to 36 kV, up to 3,150 kVA ■ LV switchboard: fuse or circuit breaker (Compact) feeders, 440 V, rated current 400 to 1,800 A for circuit breaker or switch, 400 to 800 A for fuses ■ substation control unit: associated with a pole-mounted switch for remote control and automated management Easergy T200I, capacity: up to 16 switches remote control interface: comprehensive range of devices providing: remote control of MV switches monitoring of fault indicator local current measurement power supply for remote control interface and MV switchgear ■ factory-built enclosure: kiosk with enclosure: reinforced concrete metallic (steel, galvanized steel, aluminium, stainless steel) metal sandwich panels

SM6

Trihal

Compact

Factory-built MV/LV substation assemblies meet all users' needs with respect to reliability, safety, overall quality, time-savings and suitability for the local surroundings (climatic conditions, operating mode, architecture requirements...)

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Power quality
Airports require a continuously high level of availability and as few disturbances as possible should be fed back to the network. But these kinds of requirements apply more and more to simple electrical installations such as those on LV sites (terminal). That is why various international standards specify the limits of disturbances or variation in voltage, voltage unbalance and harmonic distortion.

Waveform disturbances
Potential disturbances may be: ■ voltage dips (or sags) ■ short power interruptions ■ overvoltage (or swells). They are mainly caused by: ■ load variations in normal operating conditions ■ accidental external phenomena or lightning These disturbances are not really dangerous for power equipment, but may have a negative impact on electronic devices or computers such as FIDS (Flight Information Display System), which have to be protected in order to avoid malfunctions (errors, false orders, etc.).

SMS (Trend plots analysis)

Active and reactive power
In any process only the active energy is converted into light, thermal or mechanical energy. But the consumer undergoes additional energy losses in transformers or cables, and higher voltage drops caused by the circulation of the reactive energy. SMS (Harmonic analysis)

Harmonic distortion
The use of electronics has considerably increased in power devices such as variable speed drives, energy conversion, 400 Hz static converters and uninterruptible power supply equipment, generating harmonics on the network and saturating magnetic circuits (motors and cables). These disturbances cause incorrect operation of certain sensitive devices that are connected to the network. Any sort of harmonic distortion disturbs the behavior of electrical equipment and produces additional losses. These disturbances may also produce operating faults in electronic devices (relays, PLCs, etc.).

PowerLogic

Solutions
First of all, the most important thing is to be informed of the power quality: the solution is to install power monitoring devices, such as those in the PowerLogic range, in the electrical installations, together with a system to collect, monitor and analyze data. In case of problems, once the disturbances have been identified, solutions consist of: ■ reducing and managing harmonic propagation often through a change in the electrical installation layout ; our experts can help you ■ installing a compensation device: passive compensation: Rectiphase capacitor banks active compensation (power factor correction): Harmonic conditioner SineWave, Reactivar AccuSine passive and active compensation: combination of the above solutions Rectiphase

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Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical network management
Once installed, an airport electrical installation has to be managed: ■ improved electrical energy availability the security and financial consequences of electrical faults call for systems to be set up to limit down time and / or to safeguard the power supply (automatic network reconfiguration) ■ network protection the applications are critical and electrical department managers must use sophisticated protection systems to ensure the safety of people (airports are public areas) and property across the entire site ■ operating assistance the complexity of electrical installations often leads to the installation of a telecontrol system for enhanced response capability, accuracy and safety. This system must also provide warning, tracking and rapid reaction in case of a fault (tripping of a protection device, equipment fault, etc.) ■ power quality monitoring to avoid premature aging of electrical switchgear, maintenance staff must monitor power quality problems on a day to day basis (harmonics problems, overvoltage and voltage reductions, phase unbalance, etc.) electricity consumption management with high-scale electrical power consumption, operators must accurately identify energy losses and find ways of reducing electricity costs

HV / MV

LV

Scada Layout

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

The solution proposed by Schneider Electric is based on leading edge equipment and software components, for an optimal response to electrical installation protection and management problems. The system is broken down into building blocks that can be adapted according requirements and constraints. The basic architecture incorporates fundamental principles that guarantee system reliability and flexibility: ■ decentralized intelligence near the switchgear ■ use of high-throughput digital systems ■ use of software that meets market standards The Schneider Electric Electrical Network Management solution includes the following products: ■ monitoring and control software for MV and / or LV installations. This product is used to monitor and manage energy flows on the MV and LV network. The main functions are: centralization of measurements and alarms power quality management control of MV and LV devices ■ Sepam: multi-function MV protective relay. This product is used to protect MV as well as LV electrical installations. The main functions are: protection metering local automatic control switchgear operation remote setting of protection levels teletransmission to the electrical installation management software ■ PM / CM: Power Meter/Circuit Monitor are power monitoring devices for LV and / or MV installations. These products are used to meter and monitor power quality data locally or at a distance. The main functions are: acquisition and visualization of electrical data data storage teletransmission to the electrical installation management software billing ■ Easergy T200: a monitoring and control unit with a high level of integrated functions: fault passage indicator communication system interface with switchgear motorization uninterrupted power supply current measurement autochangeover, sectionaliser, local control devices

Sepam

Power Meter

Easergy

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Control Tower & Runways

Control Tower & Runways
The task of ensuring safe operations of aircraft falls on air traffic controllers. They must coordinate the movements of thousands of aircraft, keep them at safe distances from each other, direct them during takeoff and landing from airports, direct them around bad weather and ensure that traffic flows smoothly with minimal delays. To ensure such complex and vital operations, the control tower requires high availability and quality supply to power all the electric and electronic devices above mentionned (radio, radar, weather systems, landing systems, Airfield Ground Lighting...). Also, the IT network connecting all these devices, require reliability, high speed and fast & easy maintenance. Secured Power To ensure a high degree of availability and an optimum quality of electricity, the control tower must have reliable sources of energy at its disposal: ■ Genset starter redundancy. ■ N+1 redundancy for the UPS systems fitted with a THM (Total Harmonic Management) filter to prevent Genset source derating and interference due mainly to odd-order harmonics. The basic scheme consists of a LV supply from the Gensets via the redundant UPS systems: the UPS systems are of average power (Galaxy 100 to 200 kVA, depending on the equipment and the volume of traffic handled by the airport).

MGE UPS range of UPSs

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

VDI at the control tower
The control tower is equipped traditionally with a large number of IT devices including computers, displays, servers, telephones and more recently, CCTV and surveillance equipment. A majority of these devices require a connection to a structured cabling system to allow them to work together which in turn means that a sufficient number of connections (including a provision for expansion) should be provided in the work area. The near-universal adoption of Ethernet as the transport protocol of choice for data and image transmission means that airports will update their IT cabling in line with the globally-standardised system that has evolved over the last 20 years in support of these Ethernet services. Our cabling systems have been developed in accordance with the most stringent cabling standards, whether in balanced copper or optical fibre media and comply with the latest editions of the local and international standards, ISO 11801 and EN 50173. Airports are potentially harsh electro-magnetic environments, with possible sources of interference such as radar, radio transmitters, and antennas. In order to provide a suitably immune IT cabling system, a fully shielded balanced copper system would be specified, with each component of the system being 360 degree shielded by metallic elements, which are then earth bonded. Optical fibre is intrinsically immune from EMI, as its signal is purely optical and hence unaffected by electro-magnetic waves. Whichever media is utilised, signal integrity is assured.

Multiplus panelboard

VDI at the Runways
RJ45 connector Fiber Optic connector Connecting equipment along runways for control and monitoring purposes places increased demands on the structured cabling system, due to both the long distances and to the potentially harsh environmental conditions. Optical fibre is particularly well suited to these demands and can support applications such as 10Gigabit Ethernet over distances up to 40 Km. The environmental conditions can be harmful in several ways. The electromagnetic interference effects can be countered by using a fully shielded balanced system, complying with EN 55022 class B. The environment in which the cabling and connections must operate is provisioned for by careful selection of raw materials and construction methods. Optical fibre cable can be specified with tough Polyethylene jackets (HDPE or LLPE), giving superior waterproofing and tensile strength, Dielectric (non-conductive) strength members for strength, crush resistance and rodent resistance together with a gel-filled buffer tube, acting as a final water-penetration barrier. Jointing and terminating of these cables is performed and secured within weather and vandal-proofed enclosures, to ensure the longevity of the connections.

Waterproof socket

Fiber Optic cable

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Airfield

Airfield Ground Lighting

Minimum Switching Time
To secure aircraft landing and take-off is one of the main concern of Airport Authorities. They have to be sure that the Visual Aids and Instrument Landing Systems will work in any condition, even if the main Power Supply fails. In such a case an auxiliary Power Unit with an automatic switching device is mandatory. ICAO’s Annex 14 and Aerodrome Design Handbook specify the switching time that is expected according to runway category : ■ Visual Approach ■ Classic Approach ■ CAT I ■ CAT II ■ CATIIIA ■ CATIIIB This switching time should be 2 minutes, 15 seconds, 10 seconds, 1 second or 0 second. Also the type of auxiliary power supply and the way of switching from main to auxiliary are specified by the Annex 14 and the handbook.

Seamless Aircraft Traffic
To speed up the aircraft traffic : ■ enhances the image of the airport ■ allows to process more passengers ■ contributes to increase the revenues A seamless aircraft traffic in any weather conditions can be achieved by the installation of a SMGCS (Surface Movement Guidance and Control System). This system, based on the AGL basic functions, helps the Air Traffic Controllers in taxying of Aircraft.

Maintainability
For security reasons, airport operators have to constantly maintain the AGL system in good working order and maintenance rules are very strict. Operators need systems products and components easy to maintain and systems that help them maintaining.
AGL substation 3 AGL substation 2 AGL substation 1
PLC PLC

ATC

PLC

PLC LV Panelboards

CCR Equipment room

CCR

CCR

Airfield lights and signs

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Power and Control of the AGL
Based on its strong and world wide experience of Power and Control solutions, Schneider Electric provides you with a dedicated approach for AGL system: our Power and Control for AGL systems comprises : ■ know-how in high availability Electrical Distribution architectures, with all kinds of auxiliary and switching solutions ■ know-how in fast and high availability Automation architectures ■ a wide range of robust and easy to maintain electrical distribution and automation offering to fit your specific requirements at best life cycle costs ■ Transparent Ready® features that allows you to diagnose the Electrical Distribution and Automation components using a single web browser, anywhere, anytime (also see the dedicated section page 8) ■ specialised System Integrators with whom we are partnering to provide you with a turn-key solution

Numerous references
These AGL Control and Power Solutions have been installed in numerous airports. Ask for our Project Reports Leaflets.

Power...
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

SM6 MV switches and circuit breakers Sepam relays MV / LV Trihal dry transformers Switching solutions LV panel boards (Okken, Prisma Plus, Blokset) LV high power circuit breakers (Masterpact, Compact) LV circuit breakers (Multi 9)

Power station Grid Grid

... and Control
■ ■ ■

Quantum, Premium PLCs Momentum remote I/Os, Advantys I/O Magelis LCD screens

PLC

Control Power

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Airfield

400 Hz electricity supply for aircraft on the ground
Safety
Permanent safety of aircraft and their passengers is the prime concern of airports. For this reason, the GPU (Ground Power Unit) used by airlines, whose fuel tank constitutes an explosion hazard and presence near aircraft a collision hazard, are tending to be replaced by fixed electrical installations supplying aircraft with 400 Hz. Moreover both GPU and APU (Aircraft) are noise and air quality polluants.

Availability
Availability of all equipment allowing aircraft to take off and land and passengers to transit is essential for fluid traffic. Consequently, it is unacceptable that the failure of a static converter installed under the gangway makes equipment unavailable.

Maintainability
Likewise, the necessary maintenance operations on converters must not prevent use of gangways to allow maximum aircraft movement.

Optimised investments
Bearing in mind that not all aircraft use 400 Hz at the same time, surely there must be a way of optimising power to be installed.

200 V 400Hz

200 V 400Hz

LD

C

LD

LDC
C

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

North Terminal MV Switchboard 400Hz Converters 400 V 400 Hz 400 V 50Hz

MV Equipment

50Hz 50Hz Network MV-LV TR

5,5 kV 400Hz South Terminal

5,5 kV 400Hz

LD

C

LD

C
LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

A solution adapted to your needs
Investment

decentralized

A variety of 400 Hz fixed electrical installation architectures are available. The choice between them mainly depends on airport configuration and on the number of points to be supplied. An in-depth study is required in the event of a complex geographical configuration. According to the results of this study, the following diagram proposes the optimum solution as a function of the number of points to be supplied. ■ The decentralised mode is recommended for airports with 1 to 6 400Hz delivery points. Its main advantage is its ease of installation, but the investment to be made is proportional to the number of points to be equipped. ■ The semi-centralised system is recommended for airports using between 6 and 16 supply points. In this solution, the same converter can supply 2 delivery points. It is thus possible to adjust the power of the installed converters by allowing for a limited diversity factor. ■ For more than 16 supply points, the centralised architecture is the most advantageous: optimised investment: the cost of installing a centralised system is less as the diversity factor relates to all the points to be supplied. increased availability: should a converter fail, airport operation is guaranteed as the 400Hz supply is maintained throughout the network. simplified maintenance: as most of equipment is stored in a central zone outside the restricted zone.

centralized semi-centralized

6

16

Number of points

200 V 400Hz
LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC LDC

Remote nothern area

Protection, Monitoring and Control

Remote southern area

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

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Airfield

400 Hz electricity supply for aircraft on the ground
Equipment
MV substation 50-60Hz

Functions

Merlin Gerin MV/LV transformer supply and network switchgear: RM6, CAS 36 Ringmaster 50-60Hz MV cable connection between MV cubicle and MV/LV transformer

MV/LV transformer: Trihal (France Transfo) Oil-immersed transformer (Merlin Gerin) 50-60Hz LV cable connection between MV transformer and LV switchboard LV switchboards (Merlin Gerin): Okken, Prisma Masterpact and Compact LV circuit-breakers 50Hz LV cable connection between LV switchboard and converters Converters (Schneider Electric approved supplier) 90kVA, 120kVA or 180kVA 400Hz LV cable connection between converter and 400Hz LV switchboard

LV supply 50-60Hz Centralized production 50-60Hz to 400Hz

■ ■ ■ ■ ■

LV supply 400Hz

■ ■ ■

LV switchboards (Merlin Gerin): Okken, Prisma Compact circuit-breakers (Merlin Gerin) 50Hz LV cable connection between 400Hz LV switchboard and transformer

Step-up transformer 200V/5.5kV 400Hz

■ ■

400Hz, 200 V/5.5 kV, 360 kVA transformer (BCV Technologies) Standard 50 Hz MV cable connection between transformer and MV switchboard SM6 400Hz switch cubicles (Merlin Gerin) Protection of MV switchgear: PowerLogic System CM (Merlin Gerin), instrument transformers (Merlin Gerin)

MV supply 5.5kV 400Hz

■ ■

MV cable network 5.5kV 400Hz MV final distribution 5.5kV 400Hz

Network of standard 50Hz cables, peripheral connections and connection to SM6 cubicles (Merlin Gerin) SM6 400Hz MV switch cubicle (Merlin Gerin) Standard 50 Hz MV cable connection between MV cubicle and MV/LV transformer Transformers (BCV Technologies) – 5.5kV/600V 400Hz LV cable connection between transformer and LDC cabinet

■ ■

■ ■

LDC

LV distribution 600V 400Hz LV distribution 200V 400Hz Connection to the aircraft socket 115-200V 400Hz

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

Correction cabinet (Merlin Gerin): Pragma BCV Technologies LDC (Line Drop Compensator) Compact NS LV circuit-breaker (Merlin Gerin) Control and monitoring enclosure: 600V/200V LV/LV step-down transformer (BCV Technologies) LV equipment (Telemecanique contactors, Merlin Gerin LV circuit-breaker) Accessories (Schneider Electric approved suppliers): Cables coil, cables winder Scissor extension (crocodile), pits Connectors

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

All the equipment making up this solution is 400Hz certified/tested
■ ■ ■

Medium Voltage: Merlin Gerin SM6 switch LV/MV – MV/LV – LV/LV BCV Technologies transformers Low Voltage: Merlin Gerin Masterpact and Compact circuit-breakers

You thus have the guarantee of a major manufacturer for the entire 400Hz solution.

Study and design of the electrical network
Our services are built up around electrical engineering services mainly comprising: ■ Choice of architecture ■ Definition of the protection plan ■ Study of network stability problems ■ Study of compensators

Production and installation of a “turnkey” solution
Moreover, because the 400Hz area is technically complex, this type of installation must be controlled in its entirety. This is because an incorrectly designed installation can have serious financial and operational consequences. For this reason, Schneider Electric proposes its 400Hz solution in “turnkey” with implementation ensured by its Contracting Centres based in 25 countries. Relayed by means of a commercial and industrial network in more than 130 countries, Schneider Electric thus ensures a comprehensive service, from design to after-sales support, not to mention commissioning,

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

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6

Airfield

Fuel farm
Fuel installations

Fuel Installations provide a vital link in the airport operation. As with many other airport functions fuel installations have two basic requirements: ■ Safety of the passengers, operational staff and the environment. ■ Continuity as the loss of the ability to refuel aircraft would cause major commercial losses in addition to inconvenience of passengers.

To provide the dependability required the system must be designed taking into account the concepts of reliability, availability and maintainability. Whether the fuel is transported to the airport by pipeline, rail tanker or barge it is then pumped to storage tanks via filters. After quality tests the final distribution to the aircraft either by means of refueler vehicles or a hydrant system requires further pumping. However the fuel is delivered and distributed, the control of pumps and the operation of valves for routing are the core of the control system.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Power and Control of the fuel installation
Our wide experience of pumping applications, not only in Airport fuel installations, but in the water and petro-chemical world, enables Schneider Electric to provide you with a dedicated approach for the Fuel Installation. Our solutions provide you with : The elimination of the effects of Hydraulic Transients when pumping by means of patented Torque Control System (TCS) ■ Tightness control. ■ The allocation of pump duty cycle times ■ Automatic adjustment of flow rates based on demand and efficiency ■ Remote transmission and analysis of data required for operation and maintenance. ■ Secure power supply for continuity of operation. Power…..
■ ■ ■

SM6

Sepam

Okken

Masterpact

■ ■ ■ ■

SM6 MV switches and circuit breakers Sepam relays Ringmaster ring main units MV/LV transformers. LV Panel boards (Okken & Blokset) LV Air Circuit breakers (Masterpact) LV Circuit breakers (Multi 9)

….. and Control.
■ ■ ■ ■ ■

Quantum & Premium PLCs Momentum I/O Altivar Variable speed drives. Magelis HMI ConneXium Network devices.

Altivar ATV 11 Quantum

Magelis

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7

Passenger Terminal

Passenger Terminal

A fluid passenger traffic
Passenger traffic is the main criterion in sizing and designing airports. Then, during operation, it will be the main point of attention directing all actions. This is because fluid passenger traffic: ■ fulfils the expectations of the actual passengers as well as airlines, the two airport customers ■ forms, with architecture, the main image of an airport ■ guarantees its income: fluid traffic allows more passengers to be welcomed and thus generates more aeronautical and commercial fees

A pleasant place
A place of transit between two means of transport, the passenger terminal is also a shopping centre that passengers are obliged to cross. Everything must thus be done to generate the act of purchase: ■ feeling of thermal and visual comfort ■ feeling of safety ■ enhanced shops and products

Flexibility at all stages
A passenger terminal differs from a conventional shopping centre by the constant surface changes it undergoes. Turnover of shops, bars and restaurants is in fact greater than in other shopping centres, as airport customers are more demanding and changeable. It must therefore be possible to adapt and modify the sales areas: ■ permanently ■ quickly ■ at minimum cost

Maximum safety
The passenger terminal is also a building open to the general public, i.e. people not familiar with the premises who, if necessary, must be informed and evacuated as quickly as possible and in the best conditions, while conforming to standards. Likewise, its size and situation at the centre of a very large flat surface makes the passenger terminal a privileged target for lightning. The necessary protective measures thus have to be taken.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Electrical Distribution solution
Reminder of conventional architecture
In conventional architecture, loads are fed by the main low voltage switchboard via the subdistribution cubicles. All the energy travels via the cables feeding the subdistribution cubicles from the main low voltage switchboard. This solution leads to a few kilometres of cables and cable trays : ■ Site works are complex and long, owing to the cables ■ System is sensitive to common mode failure ■ Maintenance works force to shut down. ■ One fault on a transformer leads to overload the second one, hence leading to a general tripping. ■ Several days of shut-down in case of major fault on the main switchboard. ■ Modifications are not easy

Distribution Panel board Roof top

MSB (Trihal)

Architecture of the Schneider Electric Solution
This solution is based on the concept of distributed architecture. It uses a PDS (Power Distribution Satellite) and prefabricated busbar trunking for power distribution and for lighting. ■ Two separate PDS supply the installation via power busbar trunkings with a small quantity of tap points which feed the various loads. ■ Distribution boards are located as near as possible from the loads and are fed directly by the nearest busbar trunkings. ■ An automatic change-over by PDS provides standby power to essential loads.

Distribution Panel board Roof top Power Busbar Connexion board

PDS 1

PDS 2

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7

Passenger Terminal

Electrical Distribution solution

The transformers are functionnally part of the PDS. Nevertheless, they are situated either close to the PDS, or in a separate room, depending on the local habit. The solution is unchanged in both cases.

Principle of connection to the power Busbar trunking
■ No protection are installed in the tap off box (compliant with installation standard IEC 364) ■ The overload and short-circuit protection of the distribution switchboard (TD) are provided by the distribution switchboard incoming circuit-breaker (D2) ■ The overload protection of the connecting cables between busbar trunking and distribution switchboard is provided by the switchboard incoming circuit-breaker (D2) ■ The short circuit protection of the connecting cables between busbar trunking and distribution switchboard is provided by the circuit-breaker upstream the busbar trunking (D1)

Main advantages :
■ ■

Easy and rapid to install Continuity of service is optimum at feeder level : thanks to an enhanced total discrimination between the protection devices thanks to an easy access and resetting of the protection devices.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Lighting solution
Products involved in this solution :
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

Prisma

Canalis LV Power Busbar Trunking KVA (500 A - 630 A - 800 A) tap off box (LDKV) or KS (500 A - 630 A - 800 A) LV Switchboard & Circuit breakers Prisma P - Prisma G Automatic changeover UA Compact NS Multi9

The conventional feeding and control of the light conducts directly from the main switchboard creates a very complex installation. Instead, a Canalis based installation, with distributed protection and control is very simple and flexible.

Power Canalis Lighting Canalis Connexion Connexion board

PDS 1

PDS 2

Main advantages :
Easy and rapid to install A high degree of power-supply continuity of lighting is achieved by using two separate PDS (a half of the luminaires is supplied by one PDS). ■ The overload and short-circuit protection of the lighting busbar trunking are provided by switchboard lighting circuit-breakers. ■ The overload and short-circuit protection of the luminaires are provided by tap off boxes protections. ■ Quick and easy luminaires fault tracking ■ Maximum flexibility for further modifications
■ ■

Products involved in this solution :
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

Canalis LV Power Busbar Trunking (see previous section) Canalis LV Lighting Busbar Trunking : KBB 40 A Or KNA100A Or KS 160 A Or KDP (flexible)

KDP

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7

Passenger Terminal

HVAC
Whether air conditioning is provided by Rooftops (RT) or Air Handling Units (AHU), these systems must: ■ ensure thermal comfort ■ ensure hygiene ■ operate at minimum operating costs Electricity supply and monitoring and control of air conditioning are points to which particular attention must be paid.

Power Busbar Roof top Air Handling Unit Connexion board

PDS 1

PDS 2

Cold or heat generators for the AHUs fed directly by the PDS

Electricity supply
Connection of RTs and AHUs is made directly to the Power Canalis, ideal for this type of roof supply.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Safety
Maximum safety for personnel and passengers is of prime importance in airports. All the systems installed must comply with prevailing standards. Failing this, the premises cannot be operated and the personnel and passengers be informed, guided and evacuated quickly and safely. The self-contained emergency luminaires for evacuation are used to evacuate premises open to the general public in the event of failure of the main lighting system. n the position of self-contained emergency luminaires signals access to emergency exits to simplify circulation and evacuation of people in the building (obstacles, direction changes) n in the event of mains failure, use of storage batteries guarantees operation of the self-contained emergency luminaires for one hour n the self-testable self-contained emergency luminaires automatically perform the statutory inspections defined in standard NF C 71820 (battery charge test, failure simulation, etc.). Solution for controlling a very large number of self-contained emergency luminaires:

Emergency luminaire

Voice, Data, Image
VDI networks within passenger terminal have to offer mobility and adaptability to the users to comply with the new requirements of tertiary environment (desks reconfiguration, open space, user mobility …). Physical infrastructure should be fairly integrated into the building and must allow the distribution of links up to the outlets in a rational and functional way. We propose a wide range of solutions for the cables laying and to distribute the telecommunication outlets to the work areas. These aesthetic and functional solutions allow a complete integration of the VDI cabling system into the building. Our LANwireless solution complying with the IEEE 802.11 standard gives all the mobility and adaptability of the radio medium as a natural and complementary extension of the wired system. The significant increase of information volume exchanged in local area networks requires the implementation of new IT applications highly demanding in large bandwidth. The durability of the cabling investment is evaluated by its capacity to support all existing LAN protocols but also the future ones which may appear during its using span. The recommended VDI solutions using balanced and fiber cabling systems comply with the most demanding standards to guarantee the perfect functioning of emerging networks such as the 1 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet.

RJ WIFI

Fiber Optic connector

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

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7

Passenger Terminal

Lightning protection
Schneider Electric Solutions and electric block diagram
To ensure better continuity of supply: power distribution is carried out with redundancy thanks to the use of a back-up power supply (generator set) to prevent nuisance tripping, RCCBs of the «si» type are to be implemented ■ To ensure protection against atmospheric voltage surges: since the Passenger Terminal is fitted out with a lightning conductor to protect against direct lightning storkes, a surge arrester located on the incoming end of the electric distribution and secondary surge arresters located near electric equipment are to be foreseen.

PRD

Role of surge arrester protection
■ Run off the lightning current to the ground, guaranteeing a level of protection Up that is compatible with the electric equipment to be protected ■ Limit the rise in the earth’s voltage and the induced magnetic field

Wiring recommendations
■ ■ ■

Make sure that building frames and earths are equipotentially bonded Earthing systems from each part of the Terminal must be interconnected Reduce loop surfaces of supply cables

Installation recommendations
Install an incoming surge arrester with an Imax = 65 kA (8/20) in each section A disconnection circuit-breaker associated with each surge arrester is to be foreseen ■ Install secondary surge arresters with an Imax = 8 kA (8/20) and associated disconnection ■ circuit-breakers C60 with a rating of 20 A in a cascading configuration with the incoming surge arrester (buildings A and F) ■ A surge arrester PRI 48 V to protect the Terminal’s PLCs (BHS)
■ ■
generator GE 1000 kVA 1000 kVA C120 50 A PRD 65kA -

PDS 1
MSB 1 Aisle West C120 50 A PRD 65kA

PDS 2
MSB 2 Aisle West MSB 3 Aisle East MSB 4 Aisle East

~

C60 50 A PRD 65kA

Satelite 1

ID "si"

Satelite 2

ID "si"

Satelite 3

ID "si"

Satelite 4

ID "si"

Satelite 5

ID "si"

BHS

ID "si"

C60 20 A PRD 8kA

C60 20 A PRD 8kA

C60 20 A PRD 8kA

C60 20 A PRD 8kA

C60 20 A PRD 8kA

C60 20 A PRD 8kA

Lighting

AHU Computer

Lighting

AHU Computer

Lighting

AHU Computer

Lighting

AHU Computer

Lighting

AHU Computer

Motors

Rooftop

Rooftop

Rooftop

Rooftop

Rooftop

Lighting Control Motors

Single line diagram of the lightning protection 36 Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Secured power

Solutions for preventing interference caused by "non-linear loads"
Solutions for preventing interference caused by "non-linear loads" To prevent the large number of so-called "non-linear load" devices (e.g. transit and passenger information screens, computers, etc.) from causing interference on the network, a study should be carried out to reduce their effects on the balance and reliability of the general power supply. The study would mainly deal with the harmonics and relevant local and/or general equipment and ensure that any problems that might jeopardise the continuity of service are eliminated. Equipment concerned: active or hybrid compensators are used to address and finally overcome such phenomena.

Classification of “non-linear loads”
The many effects of non-linear loads can be divided into two categories. b Effects related to THDI (Total Harmonic Distortion Intensity) Overheating of all the components related to an increase in the rms current Deterioration of the insulants Derating of the generators and protective devices b Effects related to THDV (Total Harmonic Distortion Voltage) The presence of harmonic currents and non null impedances (lines, sources, and so on) also causes voltage distortion. Tripping of sensitive electronic devices Lighting and screen flicker To estimate a THDV, it is not only necessary to know the type of load (current spectrum), but also to have a model of the source supplying the distorting load.

Solution to Harmonics pollution

LV Hybrid Filter

AccuSine Active harmonic filtering

Supervision workstation : Monitor Pac

UPS
Administration workstation: • Management Pac • Solution Pac

k

N

Protocols : • SNMP • XML (http)

Et

he

rn

Unix (SCO) Server Novell Server

Shutdown

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Po
37

et

we

NT Server

et w

rS

or

upp

ly

7

Passenger Terminal

Building Automation

Open Systems for control and monitoring of the passenger terminal
Our solutions answer to building owners' and operators' needs:
■ control and manage all key building functions for greater cost effectiveness, safety and comfort of their occupants:

heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, safety (fire control, etc.), security (access control, etc.), blinds & shutters, machinery (elevators, etc.

get the most value out of the buildings year after year

We provide them with dedicated Open Systems designed for many types of buildings including passenger terminal

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

TAC, the world’s leader in Open Systems for Building IT®
■ Based on Open Systems (Ethernet/IP, Lonworks, etc.) to give you high flexibility and scaleability according to the building use, retrofit and modernization needs ■ System architecture and key components are designed and implemented locally, in more than 80 countries by our authorized partner network of system integrators. ■ a comprehensive range of reliable and efficient products, software and services ■ supervision and design software (TAC Vista®, TAC Menta®,TAC design®) ■ controllers, sensors, display units, actuators, control valves, (TAC Xenta®, TAC Forta®, TAC Venta™) ■ life-cycle and web-based services to owners and operators : maintenance and modernization of installations technical facility management particularly for energy use and savings

Display units & Controlers

Control valves

Sensors & Actuators

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

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8

BHS

Baggage Handling System

A world under the floor
Baggage processing has become more and more automated, so much so that a Main Baggage Room is nowadays a true workshop. It is composed of complex material handling systems operated by hundreds of motors, controlled by redundant networked systems, and baggage identification and tracking are done by sophisticated bar code reading devices. And all of this equipment is run by an electrical distribution system that supplies hundreds of amps. This level of complexity calls for the right level of know-how to specify the appropriate Schneider Electric equipment.

Mechanical layout of a typical baggage handling system

Arriving Aircraft

Baggage Hall
Unloading Domestic Bag Reclaim Loading Point

OG OO

BRS

BRS

BRS

a Tr ns r fe

Domestic Bag Reclaim

HBS Level 3
BRS

International Bag Reclaim

Empty Wessex/Can Store
B

Wessex/Can Make Up p
BRS BRS

O

G

ms

O

International Bag Reclaim Loading Point

Store OOG BRS
Loading Loading Arriving Bags Departing Bags

HBS

OOG Concourse

Departing Aircraft

OOG Apron Area

Reclaimed Bags whith PAX Full Wessex/Can Trains OOG = Out of Gauge Bags

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Check In Bank A Docks 1 to 6

Check In Bank B Docks 7 to 16

HBS

BRS

Evolving, complex demands
Baggage Handling Systems have to cope with the following:
Trends ■ Higher numbers of passenger ■ Larger airport sites ■ Shorter turn-around times ■ More diverse baggage (size, fragility, weight, straps) ■ 100% Hold Baggage Screening Airline and passenger requirements 100% Performance ■ No missed connection of bags: bags follow the passengers as they move... ■ Off-loading of baggage in the case of no-show passengers ■ Bag rerouting in case of passenger flight changes (cancellation, re-routing...) ■ No lost bags ■ No damaged bags ■ All bags traceable ■ Check-in < 20 min before departure ■ Transfer connections < 30 min ■ Arrivals to reclaim < 10 min ■ Early check-in

Airport requirements Reduced space requirements ■ Ready for future extensions ■ Continuity of service in case of retrofit or extension ■ Minimum Life Cycle Costs (= investment + operating costs) ■ Highest levels of: Safety Availability Reliability Maintainability

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

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8

BHS

Baggage Handling System
Mapping Schneider Electric product application to functional requirements
A comprehensive offer to distribute and control power, from MV/LV substations to motors

The MV/LV substation transforms the primary medium voltage supply into low voltage via an ATS (automatic transfer source), a static converter which generates secured 220V 3-phase + neutral. Those three voltages power the main electrical control panel. 220V secured power supplies all critical equipment: 24V = power supply of field sensors and actuators, programmable logic controllers PLC, human machine interface HMI, inspection equipment, computers and associated peripheral devices (screens...). Regular 220V supplies lights and outlets. 400V supplies all the conveyor motors. All the supplies are grouped in sections corresponding to emergency stop chains: e-stop push-buttons disconnecting all the apparatus located within a section, with a contactor (seca for example). All circuit breakers have auxiliary contacts wired to the PLC for information feedback on electrical supply status to the SCADA monitoring

Electrical Distribution for BHS: Typical Single Line Diagram

400V 3Ph 220V 3Ph 220V Backup

UPS

Alternate 400 V source

220 V - 3Ph+N
C60N

220 V - 3Ph 11 kW LV PCC U220 V 3 F + N Backup
C60N C60N

Bus Bar 150 kVA

400 V - 3Ph
Compact NS

ASC
Compact NS/C/Cm MasterPact NI

Sub Station

5 kW

LV PCC
Diris meters

LV PCC

MN 1

U220 V 3 F
C60N C60N

MN 2

Interpact

U400 V 3 F

Battery Backup

~ 20 kW
SECA GV2L

C60N LC1 D

Multi 9

= 24 V API B API A Compact NS

30ma

Teg Pow r g go P wer w

Hall 3 Lightd & outlets d

C32 Seca PWS

Secb PWS

KM Altivar

Con ntrol Pan nel

E-stop Remote I/O chain Panels

Bank B

Common

EDSB Safety Lights

075 - 3kW

Bank A

Seca

Secb

EDSA

Tomography

M

M

M

Section A

Hall 1 Other Halls

42

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Tomo

Low voltage switchboards – Pannelboards: Okken, Prisma P, Prisma G, – Switchgears: Masterpact, Compact, C120, NG125 Prisma Tego Power

Telemecanique Tego Power – Quickfit technology for assembly and connection of motor starter components – No tools needed

Telemecanique range of Tesys contactors and relays – From 6A to 2 750A – Thermal, electronic and multifunction relays

Telemecanique Altivar Variable Speed Drive range – Altivar 11: 0.18 - 2.2 kW – Altivar 28: 0.37 - 15 kW

Tesys U contactor

Altivar ATV 11

Telemecanique Tesys GV2 combined starter (circuit breaker + contactor) – Up to 30kW – One stop chop – Compactness – Easy connection Tesys GV2 Soft starter ATS

Telemecanique LH-4 soft starter range – simple, low-cost options for small drives (6 to 85A) – Altistart 48 (17 to 1200A)

EDS*

MGE UPS Galaxy range – a full range from 10 to 800 kVA – autonomy of up to 8 hours

HDX*

Galaxy

Hold Baggage Screaning process

* EDS : Electronic Detection System
HDX : High Definition X ray Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005 43

8

BHS

Baggage Handling System
All you need to control and monitor the BHS process
Automation equipment includes the following functions: ■ PLC and MMI for control and monitoring ■ Motor starters ■ Variable speed drives ■ Slow start Sensor connection boxes are distributed in the field ■ Electrical distribution status, including energy consumption and other parameters ■ Explosive detection systems, x-ray, tomography ■ Emergency stop chains enabling selective breaking of the sections closest to the fault (machine directive) ■ Complete weighing solution for check-in counters Momemtum weighing module Magelis screen PLC (Premium or Quantum) Specific code for the application

Complete weighing solution for check-in counters

Automation: Devices overview
E Stop 2

Power Meters

PLC TSX* Premuim Serial PS CPU Serial FipIO In Out

M

I

Motor r starters e
O O

M

Electrical Distribution MMI Magelis

R I/O
Slow-start -s Drives s Deflecting unit Function 1 conveyor 3 deflection 3 2 way motor VSD driven

I

0 1

Altivar
E Stop 1

Variable Speed Drives

R I/O
M

R I/O

W C

W

M

M
M

EDS

Injection conveyor
M

D I
Check-in double bank Function W: weighing left g g W: weighing right C: converting D: down Shutter I: injection MMI 1 5 5 3 3 3 3 3

Function inje j ction MMI

1 3 1

0 1

Function 1 conveyor 3 Bag virtual number via serial

0 1
M M

M

R I/O
M

M
M

M M

0 1 1 1 1 1 4

Collector conveyor Function 1 collection 3 MMI 3 2 way motor VSD driven

0 1

M

R I/O

Valve conveyor Function 1 injection 2x 6 valve 4 safety 3 2 way motor VSD driven
E Stop 3

0 2

44

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Telemecanique Premium PLC range – rack format - up to 16 – up to 1024 I/O

Premium

Magelis

Magelis Digital MMI range – simple text displays with function keys – semi-graphical displays with function keys – colour TFT graphical terminals with touchscreen

Modicon Quantum PLC range – rack format - up to 32 scaleable modular architectures – up to 64,000 I/O – hot stand by Quantum Harmony range

Telemecanique Harmony range – push-buttons – indicators – selector switches

Momentum distributed I/Os – standard I/Os – weighing module

Momentum

Detection range

Telemecanique detection range – photo-electric detection – inductive and capacitive proximity detection – Preventa range of safety modules

Motor Starter ATV Range for motor ratings between 0.18kW and 15kW

Advantys distributed I/Os Embedded Web (configuration, diagnostics and access to variables), TCP/IP Modbus, SNMP agent

Motor Starter ATV31

Advantys Distributed I/Os

Motor Starter Encloser for AS-i bus Therma-magnetic circuit breaker, Low consumption contactor, Electronic control device IP55 Motor Starter encloser Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005 45

9

Passenger Boarding Bridge

Passenger Boarding Bridge
The number of passengers has shown a constant trend towards growth accompanied by an everincreasing demand for comfort, speed, and reliability. Passenger Boarding Bridges are one of the keystone of a smooth traffic flow, explaining why they deserve the airport authorities or airline companies undivided attention.

Reliability
Passenger Boarding Bridges are asked to combine the maximum levels of quality, ensuring maximum level of service, with very life cycle costs (investment, maintenance and operation)

Traceability
Should the aircraft suffer from the Boarding Bridge positionning, it is very important to trace all the movements, to be able to identify responsability.

Intercommunication
Passenger Boardig Bridges, like any other device in an airport, have to communicate with external systems, Scada, control rooms… In some cases, Passenger Boarding Bridges are networked to ease operations, the PBB server downloading the service program days before the operations.

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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

A comprehensive and relevant offering leading specialized OEMs to design and manufacture PBB adapted to airport needs Both control products (PLCs, HMIs, motor drives) and power supply products contribute to get smooth operations, reliability, traceability, intercommunication.

Telemecanique Premium PLC range – rack format - up to 16 – up to 1024 I/O

Telemecanique Aidiag Module - enhanced memory (traceability, networking), client/server OPC architecture Aidiag

Premium Magelis Digital MMI range – simple text displays with function keys – semi-graphical displays with function keys – colour TFT graphical terminals with touchscreen Telemecanique range of Tesys contactors and relays – From 6A to 2 750A – Thermal, electronic and multifunction relays

Telemecanique Harmony range – push-buttons – indicators – selector switches

Magelis

Harmony range Telemecanique Tesys GV2 combined starter (circuit breaker + contactor) – Up to 30kW – One stop chop – Compactness – Easy connection Tesys GV2

Tesys U contactor Telemecanique Tego Power – Quickfit technology for assembly and connection of motor starter components – No tools needed

Telemecanique Altivar Variable Speed Drive range – Altivar 11: 0.18 - 2.2 kW – Altivar 28: 0.37 - 15 kW

Tego Power Low Voltage switchboards - Panelboards : Okken, Prisma P, Prisma G - switchgears: Masterpact, Compact, C120, NG125

Altivar ATV 11

Prisma Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005 47

10

Expertise

Services for airports, from Design to Renovation
The safety of passengers and equipment is more than ever the principal concern of airport facility managers, together with maintaining full control of landing, take-off and ground traffic facilities. The continuity of baggage handling systems and passenger terminal services is just as vital as well when it comes to maintaining smooth traffic. The reliability and availability of the different systems (control tower, airfield ground lighting, baggage handling, passenger terminal) rely directly the electrical power supply. For very high availability, the power supply must be designed (equipment, network architectures,...) and also operated (operating modes, monitoring, maintenance,...) within a strict budget. So that you can determine, implement and maintain the conditions for optimal dependability, Schneider Electric offers you a range of proven, world class services for the 4 main stages in the life of an airport: from the initial design to renovations.

Design
Establishing requirements ■ Identifying constraints ■ Assisting with the choice and costing of optimal solutions

Construction
Facilitating implementation ■ Guaranteeing performance ■ Optimizing costs

Renovation
Upgrading to comply with new regulations ■ Commissioning of new runways and terminals ■ Improvement of performances

Operation
Ensuring correct operation ■ Providing costeffective maintenance

Schneider Electric offers a catalogue of services ranging from consulting to the implementation of maintenance policies, and also including dependability and network studies. 48 Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Catalogue of Schneider Electric Services offerings for Airports

N° Design and solutions
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Electrical network T Electrical network architecture (greater reliability and availability) Electrical network design (load shedding, control systems,...) Harmonic filtering Power factor correction Auditing of installed base (ED + Automation) Process control Secured Process Control Architecture Process control design (communication network, choice of PLCs) Others Energy bill forecasts for the different airport entities

8

Maintenance
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Definition of optimal maintenance plan Scheduled manufacturer maintenance Diagnosis - Conditional maintenance Preventive maintenance (conditional) Preventive maintenance (predictive - e_analysis) Assessment and diagnosis of problems Guaranteed maintainability (optimal spare part management) ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

Training
16 17 18 19 20 Training Training Training Training Training on on on on on Dependability Scheduled Application Dependability Process Control Architectures EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) electrical network design ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

The data sheets on the different services listed above are available on request.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

D es ig n C on st ru ct O io pe n ra tio R n en ov at io n

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49

Schneider Electric’s Airport Products Offer

11

Product offer overview

MV panelboards CBGS, MCset, SM6, CAS 36, RM6

UPS Galaxy range

MV/LV transformers Trihal

Power quality devices Rectiphase capacitor banks, MGE UPS systems THM, AccuSine active filter

Power and Light busbar trunking Canalis range

Power monitoring device PowerLogic range

ED monitoring and control unit Easergy range

50

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

High Power LV circuit breakers Masterpact, Compact

Final Distribution LV circuit breakers C60, C120, NG125

LV panelboards Okken, Prisma

TAC display units & Controlers

Infra connectors

+

PLCs Premium and Quantum range

Man Machine Interface Magelis screen, Harmony range of push buttons and indicators

Variable Speed Drives Altivar range

Detection and safety modules photo cell, Preventa

Motor contactors & relays Tesys, TegoPower

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

51

Schneider Electric is a Member of PROAVIA, an Associate Member of ALFA-ACI and AOA Schneider Electric Industries SAS
Communication SDM F-38050 Grenoble cedex 9 France Tel: +33 (0) 4 76 57 60 60 Fax: +33 (0) 4 76 90 49 64
http://www.schneider-electric.com

Publishing: Schneider Electric Design: Pierre Girardier, Illustrations: CBJ Créations Photos: Schneider Electric Printing:

This document has been printed on a ecological paper

ART.57708

09/04

INFED103040EN

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