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Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 1 of 7

Painting & Coating HSE Procedure
Document Number: KOC.SA.030
Approver: (Technical) Approver: (Administrative) Scope: Issue Date: Revision / Review Date: Manager Ahmadi Services Manager (HSE) All KOC Directorates May 25, 2009 May 25, 2009 Author: Document Coordinator: Control Tier: Issuing Group: Next Review Date: TL Safety TL Standards 3 HSE Group May 24, 2010

1.0 Purpose/Scope
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and outline responsibilities associated with the safety of all painting and coating works carried out at all areas under KOC jurisdiction. The document describes the principal requirements of painting & coating safety and to ensure that safe working practices are followed for painting & coating work by concerned KOC and Contractor’s employees in compliance with relevant standards.

2.0 Definitions
Painting area - Any area where flammable vapors, mists or combustible residues, dusts or deposits may be present due to painting / coating operations. Spray booth - An enclosure containing a flammable or combustible spraying operation and confining and limiting the escape of paint, vapor and residue by means of a powered exhaust system. Flammable Materials - In paint systems, it is normally the organic solvent vapor that is flammable. All the solvents (except for the water based paints) present a fire hazard. Flash Point - The lowest temperature at which a liquid will give off sufficient vapor to ignite when exposed to an open flame. The danger of fire exists virtually always when solvents are in use. Flammable (Explosive) Limits - The range of vapor/air concentrations that are potentially explosive. The lower flammable (explosive) limit (LEL) is typically on the order of 1% to 2% by volume, a level readily obtained in the area near opened solvent containers and near the nozzle of a spray painting gun in operation. Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) - The maximum amount or concentration of a chemical that a worker may be exposed to under OSHA regulations. Threshold Limit Value (TLV) - A time-weighted average concentration under which most people can work consistently for 8 hours a day, day after day, with no harmful effects.

Control Tier: 3

Revision Date: May 25, 2009 Uncontrolled Copy. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09

Ensuring that all personnel involved in painting and coating works are made aware of the permit conditions and that they comply with all specified safety requirements. Ensuring that necessary work permit along with Job Safety Analysis (JSA) are secured & posted at the jobsite and all specified precautions are implemented. Waste Management Procedure (KOC.0 General Requirements • KOC HSEMS Element HSE-05-2 4. Care shall be taken that painting activities at no time pose a threat to other persons in the area.EV. Spray gun should not be pointed at anyone or part of the user's body.005). used up cans / drums and used abrasives shall be collected and disposed of in accordance with KOC HSEMS Chemical Spill Cleanup Procedure (KOC. Also. All debris. Ensuring that personnel carrying out the work are utilizing the proper PPE. who are not directly involved in the activity and the painting job in occupied areas should be avoided in official hours. • 5. No painting / coating work shall be carried-out without due authorization under appropriate Work Permit and must be carried out in a safe manner with full compliance to any applicable KOC Standards and HSEMS Procedures.1 • General All personnel performing painting or coating work shall be trained for the work and be aware of the hazards of the particular materials & equipments being used. 2009 Uncontrolled Copy.007). Storage and Handling of Hazardous Material (KOC. spilled paint / solvent .008) and Transport. Areas where hazardous work is being carried out (such as abrasive blast cleaning and airless spraying) shall be suitably barricaded to keep personnel out of the Revision Date: May 25. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09 • • • • Control Tier: 3 . • • Permit Authorities (Issuer & Applicant) • Ensuring that all the risks and hazards have been identified through Job Safety Analysis (JSA) and authorized under appropriate work permit prior to commencing the task.0 Procedure 5. Strict attention to cleanliness shall be observed in all painting and coating operations. used or unwanted paint / solvents.EV. the equipment shall be in good working order and all safety guards installed.0 Key Responsibilities Worksite Supervisor • Will ensure that all painting and coating works are carried out in a safe manner by suitably trained and competent personnel in accordance with defined safe working practices and procedures.EV.Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 2 of 7 3.

Personnel involved with using paints and solvents shall be in good health and have periodic medical examinations / biological monitoring (specific to exposed chemicals) by professional medical staff. They shall be fitted with filters such that the exhaust poses no threat to personnel or the environment. 2009 Uncontrolled Copy. Before using airless spray equipment. Painting booths shall be supplied with adequate ventilation. for the elimination of vapours. Dedicated painting booths shall be provided in facilities where painting is regularly performed.. Special skin cleansers shall be provided by the contractor together with skin creams to prevent excessive drying."). They shall be designed such that any vapour. All paint spraying devices shall be electrically bonded to the item being sprayed and metal to metal contact must be ensured while bonding. both fresh air supply and contaminated air extraction. Solvents shall not be used for cleansing the skin. Painting booths shall conform to the guidance laid down within ‘NFPA 33 Standard for Spray Application Using Flammable & Combustible Materials'." The spray painting operation should be conducted from the upwind side of the object being coated. and presents no hazard to persons working outside. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09 • • • • • • • • • • • • Control Tier: 3 . Extraction fans shall be ducted to exhaust safely. All electrical fittings. Wherever painting cannot be done at paint booth. away from ignition hazards.Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 3 of 7 hazardous area. and occupied working areas. MSDS of the paint should be made readily available at the work site for handling emergencies effectively.e. Warning signs shall be posted in hazardous areas with suitable warnings of the potential dangers (i. mist or overspray is contained within the booth.“ No entry. the ground should be covered to avoid spillage of paint causing soil and drain (water) contamination. hand & arms thoroughly after each painting session. handled or used and also the utensils or receptacles which could be used for the storage or consumption of food or drink shall not be permitted. wherever practicable. all guards recommended by the manufacturer shall be in place and the system shall be in good order and correctly grounded to prevent static build-up. such that the concentration of flammable vapours in the air is maintained in a safe level in terms of LELs. Installation and Maintenance of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas (KOC-E-004). Spray painting in progress etc. • Foodstuffs shall not be brought into or consumed on premises where paint is stored. Wash the face. lighting and appliances within the booth shall conform to the requirements in KOC standard for Hazardous Area Classification (KOC-G-002) and KOC Recommended Practice for Selection. mists and airborne particles. Painting booths shall be of fire-resistant construction. Revision Date: May 25. or the timing of the work shall be such that only the work crew doing the job is present at the site. and subject to rigorous cleaning to prevent the build-up of solid paint residues.

Refer to HSEMS Procedure on ‘High Pressure Water Jetting.1 • • • • • • Refer to KOC HSEMS Procedure on ‘Entry into Confined Spaces’KOC. impact tools. Air supplied respirator should be provided when workers are continuously exposed in spray painting inside a confined space. or solvents.2 Surface Preparation Equipment and materials that are used in surface preparation for paints and coatings can be hazardous if used carelessly. Chemical cleaning using paint removers. should be followed while performing painting works at heights. Natural ventilation through open man ways. Control Tier: 3 Revision Date: May 25.SA.Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 4 of 7 • Gas test should be carried out before and after painting works to ensure that area is not in flammable range. especially in small enclosures and always during spray painting.007 for more details on confined space work requirements. is rarely sufficient to keep local vapor concentrations to a safe level in terms of PELs or LELs. alkali. • 5. Abrasive Blast Cleaning and Steam Cleaning’ (KOC. There should be minimum two persons to work in Confined spaces.011) for more details. Ventilation / Painting inside Confined Spaces Ventilation is a necessity when painting in confined areas because solvents tend to be heavier than air and migrate to lower levels. Necessary precautions such as utilizing approved scaffolding / use of full body harness/ use of equipment for working at heights / barricading the area underneath the painting area etc. The fresh air inlet of the ventilation system should be located near the top of the confined space. Ensure that all the electrical equipment used including the ventilation equipment are grounded properly.1. Waste generated on account of surface preparation shall be disposed as hazardous or non-hazardous waste depending on the contents. rotary wire brushes. Other types of blast cleaning use high pressure water or steam. Supplementary fans may be necessary to ensure good air circulation. positioned to eliminate dead air spaces. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09 . 2009 Uncontrolled Copy. There are several methods for preparing surfaces and these include: • • • Blast cleaning where abrasives in the form of grit. forced ventilation shall be used.SA. As a general rule. Hand or power tool cleaning includes grinders. Hot work shall not be permitted inside the confined space during painting works. are used. etc. sanders. chisels. slag. 5. etc. hammers. acids or detergents. and the discharge should be located near the bottom.

panel boards. Ensure that adequate ventilation is provided in all areas where paints.Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 5 of 7 5. Where ever possible paint storage shall be located on a permanently supervised site and outside the battery limits of operational areas. Open containers of paint. All electrical equipment such as switches. coatings and associated solvents are stored. The store shall be ventilated to prevent a build-up of temperature within the store. wiring and equipment shall be explosion-proof and must be suitable as per hazardous area classification (class I. handled or used and hot work should not be permitted at elevation of painting works. 2009 Uncontrolled Copy. All electrical lighting. in order to prevent the buildup of vapors to above the LEL (Lower Explosive Limit). division 1). Dispensing or decanting of material from one container to another shall not take place within the store but shall be in the open air away from hazardous areas of operation. or other substances shall not be stored in paint stores. cleaned and returned to the store. Solvents and solvent based paints shall not be applied to surfaces exceeding Kuwait summer ambient temperatures and solvent spray painting shall not be done on hot surfaces / tanks. coatings and their associated solvents are stored. electrical motors and associated equipment must be de-energized before spray painting to eliminate explosion hazards.3 • Provide specific stores for paints. Storage of Paints / Solvents • • • • • • • 5. Fire extinguishers should be provided at the work area or storage facility for painting materials and the workers should be trained on the use of fire extinguisher in case of fire. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09 . Partially used containers of paint or thinners remaining unused at the end of the day shall be resealed.1 • Fire Precautions All potential sources of ignition shall be kept away from areas where flammable paints. division I or class II.2. pipelines and vessels/containers. Unknown chemicals should not be added to paint to avoid fire by mixing incompatible agents (oxidizing agents). handled or used. coatings and their associated solvents and it should be situated in a safe area. away from active work areas (daily consumption store and bulk storage shall be separated). Stores shall be of a fire resistant construction and shall conform to the guidance for handling and storage as laid down in NFPA 30. Extension cords or other electrical plug-in cords should not be used in a spray paint booth. • • • • Control Tier: 3 Revision Date: May 25.

`No Smoking' and `Flammable' safety signs prominently in all areas where flammable paints. The amount and type of personal protection depends on the work being carried out and the location.Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 6 of 7 • The contractor shall display. The receptacles containing lead based paint must be legibly marked to alert about lead hazard. coatings and their associated solvents are stored or handled. 2009 Uncontrolled Copy.4 Personal protective equipment is required for the majority of operations that involve coating or paint application. Table 1. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09 . Table 1.0 gives a summary of essential personal protective equipment that must be worn by personnel carrying out specific duties.PPE Selection Criteria: Painting Method Product Respirator Respirator Cartridge Gloves Eye Protection Hearing Protection Protective Clothing Latex paints Brush Oil-based products Products containing isocyanates Latex paints Roller Oil-based products Products containing isocyanates Latex paints Not required in wellventilated areas Airpurifying half mask Airsupplied full face Not required in wellventilated areas Airpurifying half mask Airsupplied full face Airpurifying half mask Airpurifying full or half mask Airsupplied full face N/A N/A N/A Depends on noise sources Depends on noise sources Depends on noise sources Depends on noise sources Depends on noise sources Depends on noise sources Yes Coveralls Organic vapour N/A Nitrile Safety glasses N/A Coveralls High-density polyethylene suit Nitrile N/A N/A N/A Coveralls Organic vapour N/A Organic vapour with particulate filter Organic vapour with particulate filter N/A Nitrile Safety glasses N/A Safety glasses or goggles Goggles (if using a half mask respirator) N/A Coveralls High-density polyethylene suit High-density polyethylene suit High-density polyethylene suit High-density polyethylene suit Nitrile Nitrile Spray System Oil-based products Products containing isocyanates Nitrile Yes Nitrile Yes Control Tier: 3 Revision Date: May 25. All potential sources of ignition shall be kept away from areas where flammable paints. coatings and associated solvents are stored.0 . Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) requirements for Painting work • • 5.

Do not use air-purifying respirators when working in an oxygen deficient environment. The following should be followed to ensure proper usage of PPE: • • • • • Ensure that If a respirator is used . Abrasive Blast Cleaning and Steam Cleaning’ (KOC. Valid Only at the Time of Printing: 10-Jun-09 . respiratory & body protection and any other PPE as per the specific instructions / MSDS given by the paint manufacturer. gloves and face/eye protection when mixing paint or brush/roller/spray painting to prevent splashing onto your skin. all personnel involved in painting / coating works are provided with required PPE’s such as eye & face protection .0 Key Documents/Tools/References • • • • • • • • Fire & Safety Regulations:-Chapter 13.3 HSEMS Procedure on ‘Permit to Work’ (KOC.0 Abbreviations • • • HSE – Health.SA. Ensure that the air supplied to the air fed respirator/visor is clean and filters in the air supply system are checked regularly. 6.SA. Wear clean and disposable overalls. 2009 Manager Ahmadi Services Manager Ahmadi Services TL Safety May 25. Safety & Environment HSEMS – HSE Management System KOC – Kuwait Oil Company Revision Log Revision Date Document Approver Technical Document author Revision Details April 26.007) HSEMS Procedure on ‘High Pressure Water Jetting. Do not keep respirators. Installation and Maintenance of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas: Part 1 to 6 NFPA 30 & 33 7.004) HSEMS Procedure on ‘Entry into Confined Spaces’(KOC. it is fit tested first and thereafter the fit test must be repeated at least annually to ensure that face seal remains effective.Painting & Coating HSE Procedure Page 7 of 7 Site supervision to ensure that. gloves or overalls in the spray paint booth/area. 2009 TL Safety Draft procedure circulated among HSEMS Implementation Committee members for review Approved and issued for implementation by the HSEMS Implementation Committee Control Tier: 3 Revision Date: May 25.SA. 2009 Uncontrolled Copy. Do store them in a locker/clean area and check that they are in order before use. visors.011) KOC Standard for Personal Protective Equipment ( KOC-L-010 Part1 ) KOC Standards for Painting and Coating(KOC-P-001 to KOC-P-005) KOC Recommended Practice for Selection.