You are on page 1of 2


Design of RC Wall

Sample Calculations for Main and Secondary Steels, and Curtailment & Splicing

WALL SLAB MAIN STEEL Let say Mu = 307000 N-m/m for stem 175mmc/c) =0.0066 As=2910 mm2 (#8@

DOWEL BARS: Development length (ACI-12.2.2) f y db (36.5") 930mm for #8 bar) ld  20 f ' c SPLICING: (Class B splices according to ACI-12.5.2: see table R12.15.2) Splice length = 1.3 ld = 1.3930 = 1210mm (ACI-12.15.1) should not be less than 300mm. The dowel bars shall be extended 930mm into the base slab with 90-degree bend near the bottom face of the slab. CURTAILMENT: (See attached graphs and tables) Scheme A: Curtail one of every two bars @ (1.3+0.40) 1.7 m from the top of base slab. 0.40 m (greater of the 12db or d) is added to the theoretical length according to ACI12.10.3. Splice the longer bars with the dowel bars and extend the short (1.7m) bars right into the base slab to act as dowel bars. Scheme B: Curtail first of every three bars at (0.8+0.41) 1.21m, and the second at (1.9+0.36)) 2.26m from top of base slab. Extend the 1.21m and 2.26m bars right into the base slab and splice the longer (5.5m) bars with the dowel bars. Checks for bar Curtailing: Satisfy atleast one of the three sub-clauses of 12.10.5. The sub-clause is shown to be satisfied. See attached graph for shear checks. SECONDARY STEELS Steel in horizontal direction: Provide half of 0.0025bh on either face of the wall (ACI14.3.3b). Use #4 bars @ 220mm c/c on each face of the wall in the horizontal direction. Steel in Vertical direction on exposed face: Provide half of the area 0.0015bh in the vertical direction. (ACI-14.3.2b). As=0.0015/21000*415= 311mm2. A cover of 50mm is sufficient. Use #4 bars @ 410mm c/c. The average value of h is used. The #4 bars with 1.3ld (1.3x465) 600 mm shall be used as dowels.

TOE SLAB: For Design of structures 8th sem Cvil Engg Deptt by Engr. Irfan ul Hassan

002bh = 0. there is no soil pressure under heel.90 for the two dead loads and 1. because at ultimate conditions of the loading.619000). The bars are placed near the top face of the heel slab with a clear cover of 75 mm and extended (1. Irfan ul Hassan .3930) 1210mm beyond the critical section into the toe slab. These bars are provided on the bottom face of the toe slab with a clear cover of 75mm. The Class B splices shall be provided with not more than 50% bars spliced at a section.2[0. For Design of structures 8th sem Cvil Engg Deptt by Engr. The critical sections are: the exterior face of the wall for bending and the section at d from the junction of the toe and wall slabs for the shear. The critical section for bending is at the back face of the wall. DISTRIBUTION STEEL: As=0.IV Design of RC Wall The loading on toe slab is composed of the soil and self-weights of slab acting in downward direction and the soil pressure under the toe slab acting in upward direction. The same section is critical for shear as well. but placed near top face just under the main steel.70 for the live load (Pressure). SPLICES FOR SECONDARY STEELS: The splice lengths shall be equal to the full development lengths of the various bars used.0021000x580 = 1160mm2. The pressure under the heel slab is not taken into consideration. soil weight (1. MAIN STEEL: The #8 bars @ mm c/c may provide the required area. Provide #4 bars @ 110mm c/c. The load factors are: 0.216000) and self-weight of the slab (1. HEEL SLAB: The loading on heel slab is composed of: highway loading (1. The bars are extended for full development length (930mm) beyond the critical section for bending. MAIN STEEL: The #8 bars @ 175 mm c/c may provide the required area for bending. DISTRIBUTION STEEL: Same as in Toe slab. as both wall and heel are in tension at their junction.580*24000]).