M I R A S Mengoperasikan Ilwis Rasterisasi Analisis Satelit

Buku Praktis Operasional

Mengoperasikan Ilwis Rasterisasi Analisis Satelit
Oleh : BENY HARJADI
Peneliti Madya Bidang Pedologi dan Penginderaan Jauh

Balai Penelitian Kehutanan (BPK) Solo

Jl. Gemak II, Joho Baru, T.10. Sukoharjo. JATENG

E-mail : adbsolo@yahoo.com
Telp.Rumah : 0271-591268, Kantor :716709/HP.0812.268.6657
BENY HARJADI, Peneliti Madya/IVb Bidang Pedologi dan Penginderaan Jauh BPK (Balai Penelitian Kehutanan) SOLO

M I R A S

KATA PENGANTAR
Soft ware ILWIS (Integrated Land and Watershed Information System) adalah salah satu soft yang dikembangkan dari ITC Belanda dengan ciri spesifik keunggulan dalam mendalami analisis citra satelit digital dan untuk analsisi suatu watershed (Daerah Aliran Sungai). Belajar analisis citra satelit dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai macam soft ware antara lain : Erdas-Imagine, Arc-GIS, Arc-View, Envi, Ilwis, Idrisi, Multiscope, Terra Vue, dll. Dalam hal ini semua soft ware pada prinsipnya hampir sama seperti alat untuk menulis atau mengetik suatu tulisan. Hal yang lebih utama dan sangat penting adalah mendalami konsep penginderaan jauh itu sendiri yaitu mengetahui keunggulan dari citra satelit dan dapat memanfaatkan secara optimal untuk analisis dengan berbagai macam formula dalam bentuk matematis perkalian, penjumlahan, pembagian, pengurangan dll. Belajar suatu soft ware harus berani mencoba sendiri seperti halnya anak kecil zaman sekarang belajar sepeda sendirian tanpa dituntun saudara atau orang tuanya seperti zaman dulu. Sehingga harus diajari dan dituntun dari A sampai Z, jika yang lainnya belum diajari maka kita merasa tidak dapat mengoperasikannya, tetapi jika dibiarkan untuk belajar sendiri maka akan ditemukan metode baru cara mengoperasikan suatu soft ware. Dengan penguasaan soft ware yang berbeda antara satu operator dengan lainnya maka akan bisa tukar pengalaman, wawasan antar operator. Demikian cara mengoperasikan suatu soft ware semoga anda tidak hanya ahli dalam mengetik (ahli soft ware) tapi dapat membuat tulisan atau skripsi (analisis citra satelit dan mendalami konsep penginderaan jauh). BENY HARJADI NIP 710 017 594
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DAFTAR ISI
No. JUDUL MIRAS………………………………………………... KATA PENGANTAR……………………………………….… DAFTAR ISI………………………………………………….. I. II. III. IV. V. VI. PERINTAH ILWIS……………………………………………. SIMBOL DI NAVIGATOR ILWIS…………………………… DATA SATELIT DIGITAL…………………………………... INFORMASI DATA………………………………………….. SLOPE-ASPECT……………………………………………… DIGITIZING ILWIS…………………………………………. Hal .i .ii .iii 1 5 9 10 11 14 16 17 18 21 24

VII. ALBEDO………………………………………………………. VIII. LAND EVALUATION……………………………………… IX. X. X. CALCULATE (PERHITUNGAN)…………………………. SINGKATAN………………………………………………… LATIHAN SOAL EVALUASI LAHAN……………………..

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I. PERINTAH ILWIS
OPERATION TREE (GROUP)
I. SHOW Open Object II. PIXEL INFO Pixel Information III. EDIT Edit Object IV. VISUALIZATION Show Table Map Show Map List Display 3 D Applay 3 D Show Stereo Pair V. VECTOR OPERATIONS Unique Polygone Segments Points Transform Coordinat VI. RASTER OPERATION Map Calculation Attribute Map of Raster Cross Aggregate Map Distance Calculation Iteration

OPERATION LIST (ALFABET)
1. Aggregat Map 2. Anaglyph 3. Anisotropic Kriging 4. Apply 3 D 5. Area Numbering 6. Attribute Map of Point Map 7. Attribute Map of Polygon 8. Attribute Map of Raster Map 9. Attribute Map of Segment 10. Autocorrection-semivari 11. Classify 12. Cluster 13. Co Kriging 14. Color Composite 15. Color Composite Interactive 16. Color Separation 17. Correlation Matrix 18. Cross 19. Cross Variogram 20. Densify Segment Coord 21. Denstripe TM 22. Display 3 D 23. Distance Calculation 24. Edit 25. Epipolar Stereo Pair 26. Export

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Area Numbering Sub Map of Raster Map Glue Raster Maps Mirror Rotate VI. IMAGE PROCESSING Filter Stretch Color Separation Color Composite Interpolation Color Composite Cluster Sample Map Classify Resample Epipolar Stereo Pair VII. STATISTICS Histogram Raster Map List Polygon Segment Points VIII. INTERPOLATION Density Raster Map Kriging from Raster Interpolate Contours Points Interpolation IX. RASTERIZE Polygon to Raster Segment to Raster Segment Density

27. Factor Analysis 28. Filter 29. Glue Point Maps 30. Glue Raster Maps 31. Glue Segment Maps 32. Histogram 33. Histogram Segment Direction 34. Import General Master 35. Import Map 36. Import Table 37. Import Via GeoGateway 38. Interpolate Contours 39. Iteration 40. Kriging 41. Kriging from Raster 42. Labels to Polygons 43. Labels to Segments 44. Mirror Rotate 45. Moving Average 46. Moving Surface 47. NDVI 48. Nearest Point 49. Neighbour Polygons 50. New 2 Dimensional Table 51. New Coordinat System 52. New Directory 53. New Domain 54. New Filter 55. New Function 56. New Georeference 57. New Graph

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Point to Raster Point Density X. VECTORIZE Raster to Polygon Raster to Segment Raster to Point Polygon to Segment Polygon to Point Segment to Polygon Segment to Point XI. TABLE OPERATION Transpose Table Table Change Domain Table to Point Table Glue XII. DEM HYDRO-PROCESSING (HYDROLOGIC FLOW) DEM Visualization Flow Determination Flow Modification Variable Threshold Extraction Network and Catchment Extraction Compound Parameter Extraction Statistical Parameter Extraction XIII. CREATE New Raster Map New Segment Map New Point Map New Layout New Table New 2 Dimension Table

58. New Layout 59. New Map List 60. New Object Collection 61. New Point Map 62. New Raster Map 63. New Representation 64. New Rose Diagram 65. New Sample Set 66. New Script 67. New Segment Map 68. New Table 69. Pattern Analysis 70. Pixel Info 71. Point Density 72. Point to Raster 73. Point to Segment 74. Polygon to Raster 75. Polygon to Segment 76. Principal Components 77. R 2 78. Raster to Point 79. Raster to Polygon 80. Raster to Segment 81. Resample 82. Sample Map 83. Segment Density 84. Segment to Point 85. Segment to Polygon 86. Segment to Raster 87. Show 88. Sample Haze Correction

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New Graph New Rose Diagram New Domain New Representation New Georeference New Coordinate System New Map List New Sample Set New Filter New Function New Script New Object Collection New Directory XIV. IMPORT/EXPORT Import Map Import Table Import Via GeoGateway Import General Raster Export XV. SCRIPT NDVI R2 Slope

89. Slicing 90. Slide Show 91. Slope 92. Spatial Correlation 93. Stereoscope 94. Stretch 95. Sub Map of Point Map 96. Sub Map of Raster Map 97. Sub Map of Segment Map 98. Table Change Domain 99. Table Glue 100. Table to Point 101. Transform Coordinates 102. Transform Points 103. Transform Polygon 104. Transform Segments 105. Transpose Table 106. Trend Surface 107. Tunnel Segments 108. Unique ID 109. Variance-Covariance 110. Variogram Surface

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II. SIMBOL DI NAVIGATOR ILWIS
Koordinat Sistem Proyeksi

Raster

Georeferensi

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Data Statistik dan Grafik

Warna poligon

Tabel (Tabulasi data)

]

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Folder File

Citra satelit dan kanal/band

Segment Garis

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Sampel Set Klasifikasi Berbantuan

Titik Koordinat Lapangan

Map Komposisi

Vektor Poligon

Script Pernyataan Faktorial

Domain Class atau Group

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III. DATA SATELIT DIGITAL
Lon. : 77o 50’ 58.74” E Lat. : 30o 25’ 17.57” N Raster : Geometric Correction

Import Type : Genetic Binary Media : File Look-in : Imagery L-3 Output : Sat.data Record length : 6120 Row : 6066 Bands : 4 Col : 5974 Ok

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IV. INFORMASI DATA
Infromation : √ File Open pixel information File → Add Map = 4 → Add Map = 3 → Add Map = 2 Nomer Band Landsat Panjang Gelombang Nama Band 1 0.450.52 Blue 2 0.520.60 Green 3 0.630.69 Red 4 0.760.90 NIR 5 1.551.75 MIR 6 7 10.04- 12.0812.50 12.35 Thermal FIR

NDVI = (NIR-R)/(NIR+R) = (B4-B3)/(B4+B3) RVI = IR/R TVI = (NDVI + 0.5)1/2 Komposisi Warna : √ Operation List (OL) Color Composite → Red (R) = 4 → Green (G) = 3 → Blue (B) = 2

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V. SLOPE – ASPECT
A. Bahan Peta Dasar : 1. Soil Map (SOIL) 2. Contour Map B. Analisis Slope-Aspect 3. DEM (raster) √ Operation Interpolation → Interpolation Contour 4. Masker DEM dengan Soil Map Formula : M_DEM = iff (isundef (SOIL), ?, DEM) 5. Dx, Dy √ Image Processing Filter Operation • Linear : df Dx---------Dx .df Dy---------Dy 6. Slope-Aspect Formula Slope (Prosen)----SlopePCT=100xHYP(Dx,Dy)/PIXEL SIZE DEM Degree (Derajat)—Slope DEG=RadDeg (ATAN)slope PCT/100))

Formula AspectTR = ATAN2(Dx,Dy))+PI TD = Raddeg(AspectTR) 7. Classification (SLICING) √ Operation Image processing → Slicing o Raster Map o Output : o Domain : Give and create Group : Edit Add item • Show

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A B C D E F G H I

SLOPE 0 - 4 4–8 8 – 15 15 – 25 25 – 35 35 – 45 45 – 65 65 - 85 > 85

N NE E SE S SW W NW N2

ASPECT 22.5 67.5 112.5 157.5 202.5 247.5 292.5 337.5 361

RESAMPLE Change pixel size dari 23.5 cm menjadi 50 cm √ Operations Image processing → Resample Map o Nearest Neighberhood o Bilinear o Bicubic HELP √ Help Search → Ketik : Slope Map → List Topics o How to Calculate Slope o Contour Interpolation SINGLE BAND CLASSIFICATION √ Operation Tree (OT) Import via Geo Gateway → Nama File (NF) : (Georeference) √ Operation List (OL) Slicing → Raster Map : NF → Output Raster Map : ----→ Domain : ----o Group √ Operation Tree (OT) NDVI → Options o Show Histogram o Right Click : Statistik

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√ Operation Tree (OT) Image processing → Filter → Stretch → Slicing o Color Separation o Color Composite Interactive o Color Composite o Cluster o Sample Map o Classify → Resample o Epipolar Stereo Pair o Stereo Pair from DTM

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VI. DIGITIZING ILWIS
1. Persiapan Data Digital √ Operation Tree (OT) Import/Export 2. Koordinat √ Operation List (OL) New Coordinat System • Everest • Indian • Coordinat System → Lat/Lon : o Long : Max = 78.15 Min = 78.00 o Lat : Max = 30.0 Min = 30.15 3. Georeference √ Operation List (OL) New Georeference Tic Point → Name o Coordinat System o Grey : NF → Back Ground : o Long : Max = 77o 55’ Min = 77o 50’ o Lat : Max = 30o 25’ Min = 30o 20’ → Sigma < 0.5 √ Open Add Tie Point Change Lat/Lon Row (Lat)/Col (Lon) 4. Digitizing √ Create Segment Map NF Create domain : NF • Class √ Open Add Tic

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Point Move Point Insert Node Choose/Split √ Open Customize (Klik Kanan) • Auto snap • Show nodes • Snap tolerance (m) = 0.000833 • Snap tolerance pixel = 2 • Tunnel tolerance = 0.000833 atau 0.00284 5. Editing √ File Check Segment Check Intersection → Dead ends → Ok

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VII. ALBEDO
Albedo12_Jan99 = 0.051+(0.798*M_jan99c1)+(0.188*M_jan99c2)
MASK-------- M_jan99c1=iff(isundef(gluse),?,rja99c1) Glues = iff(isundef(gujarea),?,finluse) Finluse = iff(isundef(lusef7),?,gluse)

Guj_Mask = MapResample(boundary,mpr,unique,grf,nearestneighbour)

Land Surface Temperature--- LST_jan=M_rja99c4+3.33*(M_rja99c4-M_rja99c5) LST = T4 + 3.33*(T4 – T5)------------Price (1984) LST = CTv +(1+C)Tbs------------------Kerr et al (1992)

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VIII. LAND EVALUATION
Diawali dengan pembuatan Tabel SOILs √ File Create Soil → NF = Soil_1 → Do = Soil (File Soil.map) √ Coloumn Add Coloumn → Soildep (SOILDEPTH) o Domain = Soildep o Class o Ok Add Coloumn → Text (TEXTURE) o Domain = Text o Class o Ok Add Coloumn → Coafrag (COARSEFRAG) o Domain = Coafrag o Class o Ok Add Coloumn → Drain (DRAINAGE) o Domain = Drain o Class o Ok √ File Create → Table : NT Add Coloumn → New Coloumn : NC o Domain = NC o Class o Ok NC New Table (NT) Soil_1

<5 5 – 10 10 – 25 25 – 45 45 – 65 > 65 Well Mod=Well Moderate Excessive

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IX. CALCULATE (PERHITUNGAN)
A. Calculate Peta Kesesuaian Gandum : 1. Soil Depth Soildepth1=iff(soildep>=90,1,iff(inrange(soildep,40,90),2,iff(inrange(soildep,20,40),3,4))) 2. Texture Text1=iff(text=”l”,1,iff(text=”sl”,2,iff(text=”scl”,3,4))) 3. Coarse Fragment Cofrag1=iff(coafrag=”slight”,1,iff(coafrag=”moderate”,2,iff(coafrag=”severe”,3,4))) 4. Suitable for WHEAT a. Combination : soildepth, texture, coarse fragment Detxfrg = Max (soildepth1, text1, cofrag1) b. Combination : drainase, erosion Docros = Max (drain1, eros1) c. Maxximum dari cimbination a dan b Wheat1 = Max (detxfrg, docros) 5. Map : Peta dari Wheat (Penyebaran Tanaman Gandum) Wheat1 = Soil.Soil_1.wheat1 = Map*Table*Coloumn B. Calculate Peta Tingkat Kesesuaian Jenis : 1. Slope Suitability Slsuit=iff(slope<=3,1,iff(inrange(slope,3,5),2,iff(inrange(slope,5,10),3,4))) 2. Wheat suitability Wheat_5 = Max (wheat1, slsuit) 3. MAJORITY (memperhalus, menjenralisasi) Raster Map FT = Majority FN = Wheat_majority 4. Wheat_LSC (Land Suitability Classification) √ Operation List (OL) Slicing → Raster Map : NF (Wheat Majority) → Output Raster Map : Wheat_LSC o Domain : Wheat_LSC o Class Group → Edit o Add UPPER BOUND CODE DESCRIPTION 1 S1 Highly Suitable 2 S2 Moderately Suitable 3 S3 Marginaly Suitable 4 N Not Suitable

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C. Calculate ET LOSS √ File Create → Table o NF : Scheme o Dom : Scheme √ CROSS (Scheme-Crop) Scheme Crop √ JOINING TABLE (Scheme) Coloumn • Join • Table • Scheme-Crop • ET Loss1 √ Table Scheme-Crop ET Loss = 8*Kc*10 = mm ET Loss1 = (ET Loss + Area)/100 = D. Calculate Percolation √ CROSS (Scheme-Crop) Scheme Crop √ File Create Table • NF : Soil • Do : Soil √ Joining Table = Soil + Sc_So Coloumn Join Table • Sc_So • Texture √ Formula Scheme Crop E. Calculate Water Loss √ CROSS Scheme + Canal (Sc – Cn) Scheme + Distance (Sc – Ds) √ Formula = (Distance * 0.2)+(192.7*0.01)

m3

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F. Calculate Energi Percikan Tanah No 1 2 3 Ketinggian (m) < 700 701 – 1200 > 1200 Hari Hujan 75 85 95

Rainfall = Rate of soil detachment : A. Rainfall Energy

E = R * (11.9 + 8.7 * log (10.I)) = R * (11.9 + 8.7 * log (25))
dimana : E = energi kinetik curah hujan R = curah hujan tahunan (mm) I = intensitas hujan

F = K * (E * e ) * 1.0 * 10-3 F = K * (E * e^(-0.05+A) )* 1.0 * 10^-3
dimana : F = laju tanah terpercik (detachment), kg/m2 K = indeks percikan tanah E = energi kinetik curah hujan ‘e = epsilon

B. Rate of Soil Detachment (-0.05+A)

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AgRISTARS AIS AIS & LUS AMSS ARIES ARIMA ARISE ARVI ASAS AVHRR AVHRR AVIRIS AWiFS BES BT CACA CAIS CAPE CAPE CASI CAZRI CBWE CGMS CGMS CIR CIS CITARS CWSI DAC DAIS DARD DES DFBD DIP DN DOS DSS EMIS EMS ENVI ENVIS EOS

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

X. SINGKATAN
Agriculture and Resource Inventory Survey Through Aerospace RS Airborne Imaging Spectrometer All India Soil and Land Use Survey Advanced Multispectral Scanner Australian Resource Information Satellite Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average Agriculture Resource Inventory Survey Experiment Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index Advanced Solid State Array Spectrometer Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Advance Very High Resolution Radiometric Airborne Visible Infra Red Imaging Spectrometer Advanced Wide Field Sensor Bureau of Economics and Statistics Brightness Temperature Cotton Acrage and Condition Assessment Compact Airborne Imaging Spectrometer Crop Acreage and Production Estimation Crop Acreage and Production Estimate Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager Central Arid Zone Research Institute Corn Blight Watch Experiment Crop Growth and Monitoring System Crop Growth Monitoring System Colour Infra Red Crop Information System Corp Identification Technology Assessment for Remote Sensing Crop Water Stress Index Department of Agriculture and Cooperation Digital Airborne Imaging Spectrometer Departement of Agriculture and Revenue Department Directorate of Economic and Statistics Digital Field Boundary Data System Digital Image Processing Digital Number Departement of Space Dicission Support System Environmental Management Information System Electro Magnetic Spectrum Environemental Visual Interpretation Environmental Information System Earth Observing system

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ERTS-1 FAO FASAL FCC Geo-LIMIS GERIS GI GIEWS GIS GMLC GNP GPR GPS GVI HIRIS HIRIS HIS HRV HYDICE ICAR IHS IPM IRS ISRO LACIE LAI LISS MARS MDMC MIR MLA MODIS MSS MXL NASA NASA NATMO NBSS&LUP NDVI NIR NOAA NRSA NSI

: Earth Resources Technology Satellite (Landsat-1) : Food Agriculture Organisation : Forecasting Agriculture output using Space Agro-meteorology and Land Based Observation : False Colour Composite : Geographically Encoded Locust Impact Minimization Infromation System : Geophysical Environment Research Imaging Spectrometer : Greenness Index : Global Information and Early Warning System : Geographic Information System : Gaussion Maximum Likelihood Classification : Gross National Product : Ground Penetrate (Data) Radar : Global Positioning System : Green Vegetation Index : High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer : High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer : Hyper Spectral Imager : High Resolution Visible : Hyperspectral Data Image Collection : Indian Council of Agriculture Research : Intensity Hue Saturation : Integrated Pest Management : Indian Remote Sensing Satellite : Indian Space Research Organisation : Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment : Leaf Area Index : Linear Imaging Self Scanning : Monitoring Agriculture Through Remote Sensing : Minimum Distance to Mean Classification : Middle Infra Red : Multi Linear Array : Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer : Multi Spectral Scanner : Maximum Likelihood Classifier : The National Aeronautics and Space Administration : National Atmospheric and Space Administration : National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation : National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning : Normalized Difference Vegetation Index : Near Infra Red : The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration : National Remote Sensing Agency : Non-such Index

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NSS NSSD OIF PA PAN PC PC PCA PLA PVI RDBMS RGB RISAT RSAM RSAM RVI SAC SAR SAVI SBI SDD SDSI SLUB SOI SPOT SRTM SSLR SWI TCI TCPO TIR TM TVI USDA USGS VCI VIBGYOR VIN VNIR VRT WBM WI WiFS YVI

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

National Sample Surveys National Sample Survey Organisation Optimum Index Factor Precision Agriculture Panchromatic Personal Computer Parallelpiped Classifier Principal Component Analysis Panchromatic Linear Array Perpendicular vegetation Index Relation Data Base Management System Red Green Blue Radar Imaging Satellite Remote Sensing Application Mission Remote Sensing Application Mission Ratio Vegetation Index Space Applications Centre Synthetic Aperture Radar Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index Soil Brightness Index Stress Degree Day Satellite Derived Stress Index State Land Use Boards Survey of India Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre Shuttle Radar Thematic Mapper Settlement Survey and Land Record Soil Wetness Index Temperature Condition Index Town and Country Planning Organisation Thermal Infra Red Thematic System Transformed Vegetation Index The United State Departement of Agriculture United Stated of Geoscience Survey Vegetation Condition Index Violet, Indigo, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red Vegetation Index Numbering Visible Near Infra Red Variable Rate Technology Wet Biomass Wetness Index Wide Field Sensors Yellow Stuff Vegetation Index

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X. LATIHAN SOAL EVALUASI LAHAN
NO Map Unit 1 P111 2 P112 3 P113 4 P12 5 P211 6 P212 7 P213 8 P214 9 P22 10 P311 11 P312 12 P32 13 P33 14 F13 15 M1 16 M2 Surface Texture Sl Csl Csl Sl Sl Sl Csl Sl L L Sl Sl L Csl Sl Csl Coarse Fragmen 15 % 35 % 25 % 20 % 3% 8% 10 % 20 % 3% 3% 7% 5% 3% 65 % 50 % Soil Depth (cm) > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 > 150 Effective 63 21 30 45 95 60 55 55 100 160 160 160 160 55 32 28 Drainage Well Well Well Well Well Well Well Well Mod-Well Well Well Well Well Well excessive excessive Erosion Class ‘e1 ‘e2 ‘e2 ‘e3 ‘e1 ‘e2 ‘e2 ‘e2 ‘e1 ‘e1 ‘e2 ‘e2 ‘e1 ‘e2 ‘e3 ‘e3

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Kontur

SRTM

CS. Landsat Visual Klasifikasi

Interpolasi

DEM

Stratifikasi

Dx

Dy

Penggunaan Lahan Densitas Drainase

Fisiografi

Lereng

Jenis Tanah

Aspek
Kemiringan L-M-H 1-2-3 Tekstur Tanah L-M-H 1-2-3 PenggunaanLahan L-M-H 1-2-3 Drainage Density L-M-H 1-2-3

Orientasi Lereng L-M-H
1-2-3

Tumpangsusun dan Pengalian Pembobotan SES = (LEA*10+MEA*20+HEA*30)/Total Area Status Erosi Tanah (SES) Satu Satuan DAS

SEAV LEA < 16 MEA : 16 – 48 HEA > 49

Gambar 1. Diagram Alur SES (Soil Erosion Status)

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Dy:MapFilter(M_SRTM.mpr,DFDY.fil)

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Aspect1:MapSlicing(ASPECTD,Aspect)

ASPECTD:RADDEG(ATAN2(DX,DY)+PI)

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F_aspect:iff(geology=“AP”,”N”,Aspect)

F_aspect1:iff(geology=“rv”,”rv”,F_Aspect)

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V_aspect1:F_aspect1.Aspect.V_aspect

SLOPDEG:RADDEG(ATAN(SLOPEPCT/100))

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SLOPEPCT:100*HYP(DX.DY)/10

SlopeABC:MapSlicing(SLOPEPCT.SlopeABC)

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SlopeLMH:MapSlicing(SLOPEPCT,SLopeLMH)

Slopelmh1:MapFilter(SlopeLMH.mpr,MAJORITY.fil)

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Landuse:F_Luse1.F_Luse.F_Luse

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LuLMH:Landuse.Landuse.CLLU

V_luse:LuLMH.V_LUSE.V_Luse

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VLU:V_LUSE.V_LUSE.V_LUSE

V Slope:SlopeLMH.V Slope.V Slope

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Soil:MapRatserizePolygon(SOIL.mpa.unique.grf)

SoilLMH:Soil.Soil.CLTX

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V_Soil:SoilLMH.V_Soil.V_Soil

DensityLHM:SubWtrshd.Dr_density.Dd

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V_density:DensityLHM.V_density.V_density

VD:V_DENSITY.V_density.V_density

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SES:V_Aspect1*V_density*V_luse*V_slope*V_soil

SES_S:MapSlicing(SES,SES_S)

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F_SES:iff(gology=“rv”,”River”,SES_S)

SES1:iff(Landuse=“settlement”,”settlement”,F_SES)

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SES2:iff(Landuse=“barren/scrub”,”barren/scrub”,SES1)

SubWtrsh:MapRasterizePolygon(SubWtrshd.mpa,unique.grf )

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SES_SWP:MapSlicing(SES_SW_P,SES_SWP)

SES_SW_P:subwtrshd.SES_SW_Prio.SES_SW

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Watershed_bi:MapRasterizeSegement (Watershed_bi.mps,unique.grf)

SOIL

SubW_SES ASPECT DRAINASE

SES_SW

LANDUSE

V_soil

V_slope

V_density V_LUSE

V_Aspect

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Peta Topografi

Interpolasi Kontur DEM

Liss IV

Lereng (%) Lereng (o)

Land Use

Tanah

Curah Hjn Hjn harian

FAKTOR PENGG.LAHAN 1. Pengelolaan tanaman (C) 2. Intercepsi dan aliran batang (A) 3. Evapotranspirasi (Et/Eo) 4. Kedl. akar (RD)

FAKTOR SIFAT TANAH 1. Kelembaban tanah pada 1/3 bar (MS) 2. Bobot jenis (BD) 3. Indek erodibilitas tanah (K)

Intensitas (I=mm/hr) Energi Kinetik (E=j/m2)

Rc=100*MS*BD*RD*(Et/Eo)0.5

Alr.permukaan (Q=mm)

Dampak pukulan air hujan (kg/m2) F= K*(E*exp (-0.05*A)* 10-3 F=K*(E*e-0.05*A)*10-3 Kapasitas angkut alir permukaan (kg/m2) G = C*Q2*SinS*10-3 2 G = C*Q *Sin(degrade(slopedeg))*10-3 Kehilangan Tanah Min_SL * 10 = ton/ha Minim Kehilangan Tanah Min_SL = min (G,F) = kg/m2

Gambar 2. Model MMF (Morgan, Morgan & Finney)

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SOIL_F:iff(landuse=“River bed”,”River bed”,Soil)

SOIL_F:iff(landuse=“River bed”,”River bed”,Soil)

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SO_SL:MapCross(SOIL_F.mpr,Soilloss_F1.mpr.SO_SL.tbt1)

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Soilloss_F1:SL_final*10

SoilLoss:subwtrshd.M_SW.SLSW

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F_erosion_m2:MapFilter(F_erosion1_m1 .mpr,MAJORITY.fil)

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SLSW:Subwtrshd.M_SW.SLSW

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SLSO:SOIL_F.M_SO.SLSO

LU_SL:MapCross(Landuse.mpr,Soilloss.mpr,Soilloss_F1,LU_SL.tbt1)

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F_Luse:iff(isundef(Landuse03),F_Luse,Landuse03)

Landuse:F_Luse1.F_Luse.F_Luse

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SubWtrshd:MapRasterizePolygon(SubWtrshd.mpa,unique.grf)

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SW_SL:MapCross(SubWtrshd.mpr,Soilloss_F1.mpr,SW_SL.tbt1)

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FCC

SLOPE

LU/LC

SOIL MAP

PRIORITISATION

SUGGESTED

F - VALUES

G - VALUES

Soil Loss

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NDVI

Klasifikasi perubahan LULC suatu DAS dari citra satelit

MMF

K-FACTOR

LS-FACTOR

CP-FACTOR

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BIODATA BENY HARJADI
Data Diri :
Nama : Ir. Beny Harjadi, MSc. Tempat/Tanggal Lahir: Surakarta, 17 Maret 1961 NIP/Karpeg : 19610317.199002.1.001/ E.896711 b Pangkat/Golongan : Pembina / IV Jabatan : Peneliti Madya

Riwayat Pendidikan : TK : TK Aisyiyah Premulung, Surakarta (1967)
SD : SD Negeri 94 Premulung, Surakarta (1973) SMP : SMP Negeri IX Jegon Pajang, Surakarta (1976) SMA : SMA Muhammadiyah I, Surakarta (1980) S1 : IPB (Institut Pertanian Bogor), Jurusan Tanah/Fak.Pertanian,BOGOR (1987) Kursus LRI (Land Resources Inventory) kerjasama dengan New Zealand selama 9 bulan untuk Inventarisasi Sumber Daya Lahan (1992), INDONESIA-NEW ZEALAND S2 : ENGREF (École Nationale du Génie Rural, des Eaux et des Forêst), Jurusan Penginderaan Jauh Satelit/ Fak.Kehutanan, Montpellier, PERANCIS (1996) PGD : Post Graduate Diplome Penginderaan Jauh, di IIRS (Indian Institute of Remote Sensing) di danai dari CSSTEAP (Centre for Space Science & Technology Education in Asia and The Pasific) Affiliated to the United Nations (UN/PBB : Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa), Dehradun – INDIA (2005).

Riwayat Pekerjaan :
1. Staf Balai Teknologi Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS), Surakarta (1989). 2. Ajun Peneliti Madya Bidang Konservasi Tanah dan Air pada BTPDAS-WIB (Balai Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS – Wilayah Indonesia Bagian Barat), 1998. 3. Peneliti Muda Bidang Konservasi Tanah dan Air pada BTPDAS-WIB (Balai Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS – Wilayah Indonesia Bagian Barat), 2001. 4. Peneliti Madya Bidang Konservasi Tanah dan Air pada BP2TPDAS-IBB (Balai Litbang Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS - Indonesia Bagian Barat), 2005. 5. Peneliti Madya Bidang Pedologi dan Penginderaan Jauh pada BPK (Balai Penelitian Kehutanan) Solo, 2006

Riwayat Organisasi :
1. Menwa Mahawarman, Jawa Barat (1980 – 1985) 2. HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam), (1980 – 1983) 3. Ketua ROHIS BP2TPDAS-IBB, 2 periode (2000-2006)

Penghargaan :
1. Satya Lancana Karya Satya 10 tahun, No. 064/TK/Tahun 2004

Alamat Penulis :
1. Kantor : BPK SOLO, d/a Jl.Ahmad Yani Pabelan, Po.Box.295, Surakarta. Jawa Tengah, Telp/Fax : 0271–716709, 715969. E-mail: bpksolo@indo.net.id 2. Rumah : Perumahan Joho Baru, Jl.Gemak II, Blok T.10, Rt 04/ Rw VIII, Kel.Joho, Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah. Telp : 0271- 591268. HP : 081.22686657 E-mail : adbsolo@yahoo.com

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