# Understanding and Analyzing Population Pyramids: Scaffold sheet

Your country: South Korea Describe population pyramid - 2000 Describe population pyramid - 2050

Constrictive:  Life expectancy relatively high (76 years)  637,000 births  Growth rate rising (0.8)  248,000 deaths  Most people live in their mid and late thirties  More females live longer  Total fertility rate at an average of 1.6 children Higher Income Country

Constrictive:  Life expectancy higher (84 years)  287,000 births; much lower than before  Growth rate falling (-0.9)  693,000 deaths; higher than before  Most people live in their mid and late fifties  More females live longer  Total fertility rate at an average of 1.5 children; lower than 2025, but higher than 2000 Higher Income Country

Criterion A: Knowing and Understanding: Uses development terms appropriately to
describe the population structure of your chosen country. You should show knowledge and understanding of what a population pyramid can show about a country’s development, using details from the pyramids to illustrate your ideas.

For each pyramid you should:
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Describe the SHAPE of the pyramids … are they expansive or constrictive or stationary? Refer to the development terms that you have learned – male/female ratio, birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, life expectancy, fertility rate, dependency ratio. Decide whether your pyramids represent a low income country or a high income country, or somewhere in between. Quote numbers (data) from the two pyramids to illustrate your descriptions. Problems that these changes might cause for the country in the future?

Compare and contrast the two pyramids, and offer possible reasons for the changes in the population
Comparisons:  Both pyramids are constrictive, although because the population ages over time, the bulge of people is higher on the pyramid  In both pyramids, there are more women than men living at an older age

Problems in the future:  If the birth rate continues falling and the death rate continues rising, there will be a problem with depopulation  Because the life expectancy is constantly increasing, there will be more older people who cannot work and less younger people who keep the country running and to help the older people

Contrasts:  Life expectancy higher, rising from 76 years to 84 years  Less births; 637,000 births in 2000 to 287,000 births  More deaths; from 248,000 deaths to 693,000 deaths  Most people lived in their mid and late thirties in 2000, but they then lived in their mid and late fifties in 2050  Total fertility rate slightly lower than 2000, but higher than 2025

The government will need to spend more money on doctors and health care for the next few years, needing to be able to take care of

Criterion C: Thinking critically: Compare and contrast the pyramids, and suggestion
reasons for the changes in the population structure between 2000 and 2050. Consider problems that these changes might present to your country.

The skill of analysis is more challenging!
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In the first column, COMPARE (similarities) and CONTRAST (differences) of your two pyramids – what has changed over time? Think of reasons for these changes … you won’t know for sure, so use phrases like, “perhaps this is because”, “this might be because”. A bit of research on your country’s population changes would certainly help! For the second column, think what problems these changes might bring to the country … these could be problems for the government, or there could be problems for families and local communities. Again, you won’t know for sure, so use phrases like, “this might cause the problem of …”