# EG40FD Electrical machines and Drives Tutorial 6 DC machine analysis - Solutions

1) At rated conditions we have Ia=80A. Va  Ra I a  k m r
220  0.12  80  2.511V /( rads) 2 r 800 60 When the voltage drops to 200V we still have Ia=80A. This is determined from the formula Te=LIfIa. Since the load is constant and field current is constant we conclude that the armature current stays constant. km  
Va 200  Ra I a  k m r 200

Va  Ra I a

 r 200 

Va 200  Ra I a 200  0.12  80   75.82rad / s  724rpm km 2.511

The speed reduces by 76rpm if supply voltage drops by 20V. 2) a)At rated conditions: Va  Ra I a  k m r
km  Va  Ra I a

r

230  0.02  200  2.248V /( rads) 2 960 60

Te  Tl  k m I a Tl  k m I a  2.248  200  450 Nm b) At speeds above rated we have rated voltage and rated current, but reduced field current. At maximum speed:
k m max  Va  Ra I a

r

Tl max  k m max I a max

230  0.02  200  1.439V /( rads) 2 1500 60  1.439  200  287.7 Nm 

The torque at maximum speed is lower than rated, although power stays constant. 3.) At rated operation:
Va  Ra I a  k m r k mrated  Va  Ra I a

r

400  0.06  120  6.25V /( rads) 2 600 60

2 1200  260 Nm Tl  k m I a .673  600 Va  1.maximum braking current is at the start of braking. since machine is slowing rapidly.673V /( rads) 2 r 750 60 a) At 600rpm.35Vs  cos 1 220  16. The maximum braking current should last for very short time.12 A k m 2. Therefore most likely this braking current should be tolerated by the motor. Va  1. 4. Therefore the field current is at rated value. 2 6.e. km   I frated  Vf Rf  220  11A . (below the rated) we have armature voltage control. because of high armature resistance.35Vs cos  a 2  175.54 o 1.35Vs 1.06) This current is only marginally above the rated current.35  170 b) At 1200rpm (above the rated speed) the armature variables are at rated values.35Vs cos  a  a  cos 1 Va  220V Va 220  cos 1  16.35Vs 1.2  600  380 Nm Tl  k m I a Ia  Tl 380   142.05  cos 1  40. at speed of 600rpm.25  600 k m r 60  128.05 142.05  200  2.35  170 The armature current is determined as: k m  2. V f  220V 20 Va  Ra I a V f  1.05V 60  a  cos 1 Va 175.12  2.37 A Ia   Ra  Rb (3  0.673 Va  Ra I a  k mr  0.) At rated conditions Va  Ra I a  k m r 220  0.35  170 Tl  500  0.29 o 1.673V /( rads) Tl  500  0. i.35Vs cos  f  f  cos 1 Vf 1.54 o 1.

61 Vdc 230 k mrated   Va  Ra I a b) Va  Vdc  0.35Vs cos  f  f  cos 1 Vf 1.9 .689V/(rads). Tl 260   153.05  Tl 2  k m  1200 km 60 2 0  13  220k m  k m 125.95  20  139V I f  I frated  11 km V f  1.7  30  1.689 Using the equation for the rated variables we get the field current.95 A k mrated 2.35Vs  cos 1 139  52.9V /( rads) 2 r 1000 60 2 Va  Ra I a  k mrated r  0.72 o 1.66 km=1.7  30   49.35  170 5) At rated operation: a) Va  Ra I a  k m r 220  0. Va  0.05  I a  k m 1200 2 60 From the above two equations we eliminate Ia and determine km.689  6.5  230  115V Va  Ra I a  k mrated r r  Va  Ra I a 115  0.4rpm k mrated 1.38  a   0.673 V f  I f R f  6.38V 60 V 140. I a  k m  LI f 1.7  30  1.93 A k m 1.5rad / s  472.Va  Ra I a  k mr  0. k mrated  LI frated Tl  k m I a .9  600  140.