COCO-DIESEL IN THE PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

Timoci Koliyavu 1 Prof. Masami Ueno 2 Faculity of Science 1 Faculty of Agriculture 2 University of Ryukyus ,1 Senbaru Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan
GENERAL MECHANISM OUTCOMES
- Appropriate technology selected (vary from rural / industry / urban). - Positive tests for short term engine testing ( e.g. Welagi village, Taveuni, Fiji running on dual fuel electrification system ( blending coconut oil & diesel ). - Gradual progress of project within the region. - Communal ownership of land owning units animated great challenge in awareness and capacity building phases. - Dormant coconut industry revitalised. - Employment opportunities boom for locals. - Incorporation of integrated farming system on large coconut farms. - Increases the range of selection of markets for farmers. - Governments conformality to Kyoto Protocol . - Strengthening of bilateral partnerships & intersectoral integration mechanisms.

TEST RESULTS

BACKGROUND
- Wide range of distribution of coconut over the Pacific Region - Recently trialed Coconut Oil for Power Generation , CocoGen, for the - Project supervision : SOPAC & UNDP - Collaborations with overseas experts on biodiesel projects - Gradual transition (project) within Pacific Island Countries, PIC's - Aims to evalute and claryfy sustainable status of CocoGen within PIC's - Enhancing/ Improving the traditional way of coconut oil production

POST WWSD
- Launching of an umbrella initiative by PIC's at the World Summit on Sustainable Development, WSSD, 2002 (Johannesburg). - Promotes sustainable development by increasing availability of adequate, affordable and enviromental sound energy for PIC's. - Pacific Islands Energy Policies and Strategic Action Plan,PIEPSAP project funded by Government of Denmark under UNDP. - South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commision,SOPAC to play lead role in project coordination within PIC's. - Evaluation PIC's vulnerability to global climate changes & fluctuations of commodity prices in the market. - Enhancing bilateral ties internally/externally.

CONCLUSION
- CocoGen offers promising results for the PIC's - Revitalises the conservative status of coconut plantations. - Requires technical expertise for operations - Project still under consensus. - Proper management and monitoring may improve current status of progressivity. - A booster to remote islands with exessive coconut supply. - May initiate other conservation and management projects. - Very demanding project & would take time to produce satisfactory outputs.

REGIONAL DIESEL PRICES

PROS 'n' CONS
Photo: SOPAC

CHALLENGES
- Limited development of renewable energy resources - Dormant coconut industry - Given the limited capacity to store bulk petroleum fuels - Funding & technological insufficiencies within the PIC's - Poor institutional mechanism - Variability of standards of coconut oil within the PIC's - Unknown/high cost of production of biofuels Coco-diesel duties on some RE technologies in the Pacific - High import Is it really in size and density of markets - Variation sustainable? - Vulnerability of energy supply security within PIC's - Long term sustainability strategy to be mapped -

PROJECT PHASES

THE DILEMMA!!
While the project offers promising results : - High cost of maintenance & import duties for spare parts. - Local oil production process could be laborious. - Variability of supply due to natural disaster occurrences. - Long term regeneration rate of coconut palms could hinder the overall targets. - Project is still under consensus within various stakeholders involved. - While coconut is the most abundant & sustainable rural resource, increasing demand would question sustainability of continuous oil supply. - Drop in prices does not prevent adverse technological effects. - Variability of oil quality within the PIC's. - High fuel consumption rates of engines ----- high running costs. - Adverse engine effects caused would be a major setback in this new find

References / Acknowledgements
Energy Sector - SOPAC Bringham Young University - Online News Centre Students & Staff : Bio- Production Lab - Faculity of Agriculture , University of Ryukyus Tuala.S, Molimau.P - National University of Samoa Photos : SOPAC , BYU

Engine Inspection

ENIVIROMENTAL CONSERVATION & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE PACIFIC - RENEWABLE ENERGY SYMPOSIUM, OKINAWA, JAPAN - 11 / 08 / 08

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