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TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE (TSP) TSP Number /Title Title Task Number(s) /Title(s) 071-W-1310 Engage targets with

the Rifle Launched Entry Munitions (RLEM) and the Rifle Launched Entry Munition-Target Practice (RLEM-TP).
TASK NUMBER TASK TITLE

Characteristics of the RLEM/RLEM-TP Put the RLEM and RLEM-TP into operation. Characteristics of Doors. Engage Targets using the RLEM/RLEM-TP. Qualification 27 AUG 01 N/A Use this TSP in Unit Sustainment Training. The proponent for this document is the Advance Rifle Marksmanship Committee, C Company 2/29th IN Regt, Ft. Benning GA. 31905. Send comments and recommendations directly to C 2/29th IN Regt, Ft. Benning GA. 31905 The material contained in this course has been reviewed by course instructors. This is releasable to military students from all requesting foreign countries without restriction.

Effective Date Supersedes TSP(s) TSP User Proponent Comments/ Recommendations Foreign Disclosure Restrictions

PREFACE Purpose This training support package provides the instructor with a standardized lesson plan for presenting instruction for: 071-W-1313 Qualify with the RLEM/RLEM-TP Given an M16A2/A3/A4 or an M4 series rifle, LBE, Kevlar, BLPS, flak vest, gloves, a door attached to a frame and/or building, 1 RLEM-TP with 10 standoff rods, 1 RLEM, 1 round of 5.56 ball (M855/M856) ammunition (RLEM), 10 rounds M195 grenade blank cartridge per soldier. Put the RLEM into operation and engage each door within 1 minute. Must engage 3 out of 5 doors from various angles and positions using the proper aiming point for the range selected IAW this TSP and TM 9-1330-200-12.

Conditions:

This TSP contains TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Section I. - Administrative Data Section II. - Introduction Terminal Learning Objective Section III. - Presentation A - Characteristics of the RLEM. B - Place the RLEM/RLEM-TP into Operation C - Characteristics of Doors. D - Engage Targets using the RLEM. E Qualify with the RLEM/RLEM-TP Section IV. - Summary Section V. - Student Evaluation

Engage Targets using the RLEM Effective Date: 09 May2001 SECTION I. All Courses Including This Lesson Task(s) Taught or Supported ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

COURSE NUMBER

COURSE TITLE

TASK NUMBER

TASK TITLE

Characteristics of the RLEM. Put the RLEM into Operation. Characteristics of Doors. Engage Targets using the RLEM. Qualify with the RLEM/RLEM-TP

Task(s) Reinforced Academic Hours

TASK NUMBER

TASK TITLE

Apply Immediate Action (SPORTS) The academic hours required to teach this course are as follows:
PEACETIME HOURS/ METHODS MOBILIZATION HOURS/METHODS

Characteristics Put into Operation Characteristics of Doors Engage Targets QUALIFY WITH THE RLEM/RLEM-TP *Total Hours Test Lesson Number Testing: Review of test results HOURS 30 min

30 min / L 30 min / L 30 min / L 3 hr / PE3 3 HR /PE 3 hrs Total LESSON NUMBER

30 min / L 30 min / L 30 min / L 3 hr / PE3 3 HR/ PE3 hrs Total

Prerequisite Lesson(s)

LESSON NUMBER

LESSON TITLE

Qualified with the M16/M4 series weapons.

Clearance and Access

There are no clearance or access requirements for this lesson.

References
NUMBER TITLE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

TM 9-1330-21012&P TM 9-1005-319-10

TM 9-1330-200-12

XM 100 and trainer, XM 101 Operators and Unit Maintenance Manual Operators Manual for Rifle, 5.56mm M16A2, M16A3, M16A4, M4 carbine, M4A1 carbine. Operators and Organizational Maintenance Manual for Grenades

Aug 2001 ALL

May 2001

Student Study Assignments

NA

Instructor 1-ITC instructor certified to teach the RLEM Requirements 1-Assistant instructor (AI must be Familiar with the weapon and RLEM) Additional 2-Personnel for target maintenance Personnel Necessary Range Personnel Requirements Equipment Required 5-personnel for ammo point

1 Motorola Radio Computer w/win 95/98 / Vgts on Computer 1 weapon per student 1 RLEM per student 1 RLEM-TP per student 10 Stand off rods per student InFocus Projector
INSTRUCTOR MATERIALS:

Materials Required

2 Cleaning Rods Slides Laser Pointer 1-Range Flag 1 set Hearing Protection per student 1 Magazine for M4/16 per student 1 Cleaning kit per student

STUDENT MATERIALS:

Classroom, One classroom for 40 students. Training Area, and Range Requirements

Ammunition 10 rounds M195 grenade cartridge per student Requirements 1 round M855/M856, 5.56mm ball ammunition per student Instructional Guidance Proponent Lesson Plan Approvals SECTION II. NAME Babin, Patrick Gonzalez, Jose Rank SSG SGT Position Instructor Instructor Date 27 AUG 01 27 AUG 01 Before presenting this lesson, thoroughly prepare by studying this lesson and identified reference material. The prior day of training, the primary instructor will brief the chief instructor.

INTRODUCTION Method of instruction: L/C/PE/E Instructor to student ratio is: 1:10 Time of instruction: 5 min Media used: Computer with infocus projector and actual equipment

Motivator

Modern battles occur anywhere in the world, under various battlefield conditions. With more of the world becoming urbanized, we as soldiers can expect to find ourselves fighting door to door in a city instead of a jungle environment or forest. Being able to gain a foothold in a building as quickly as possible can mean the difference between success and failure of the mission.

Terminal Learning Conditions:

At the completion of this lesson you [the student] will: Qualify with the RLEM/RLEM-TP. Given an M16A2/A3/A4 or an M4 series rifle, LBE, Kevlar, BLPS, flak vest, gloves, a door attached to a frame and/or building, 1 RLEM-TP with 5 standoff rods, 1 RLEM, 1 round of 5.56 ball (M855/M856) ammunition (RLEM), 10 rounds M195 grenade blank cartridge per soldier. Put the RLEM into operation and engage each door within 1 minute. Must engage 3 out of 5 doors from various angles and positions using the proper aiming point for the range selected IAW this TSP and TM 9-1330-210-12&P.

Safety Range OIC will give a safety briefing. Range safety NCO will clear and Requirements inspect weapons when soldiers enter and exit the firing line. Range OIC will ensure that all range requirements are met, and all safety warnings stated in the technical manual are enforced.

WARNING:
Use only M16A2/M16A3/M16A4 rifles or M4 series weapons to fire RLEM or RLEMTP.

When firing the RLEM, use only M855 ball or M856 tracer ammunition. When firing the RLEM-TP, use only M195 grenade cartridges. All personnel within 8 meters of target must have double ear protection. All personnel beyond 8 meters of target must have single ear protection Gunner must wear helmet, BLPS (Ballistic Laser Protective Spectacles), flak jacket, gloves, and rolled down sleeves. All non-firing personnel within 40 meters of target must have protective clothing, or be under or behind cover. Do not use a damaged munition. Weapon must be in SAFE position before installing munition onto weapon. Gunners position must be at least 15 meters away from target. RLEM must not be fired less than 14 meters from target. Extended eye relief, with optics or iron sights, must be used when firing. RLEM is a high recoil munition. When firing from shoulder, rifle buttstock should be pressed against shoulder. Do not touch an unexploded ordnance (UXO). Recoil pad must be properly attached to M4 before firing RLEM to avoid injury to personnel or damage to buttstock. Standoff rod must be attached before firing the RLEM. Weapon must be properly aimed and munition fully seated against weapon muzzle before squeezing trigger. When putting RLEM on muzzle, keep weapon muzzle pointed up and towards target. The firing of a defective RLEM is not allowed. Keep live (explosive) RLEM separate from training (non-explosive) RLEM-TP. Do not mix M195 blank grenade cartridge with M200 5.56 standard blank ammunition.

Risk Assessment Level Environmental Considerations Evaluation

MEDIUM (with live ammunition) LOW (with blank or no ammunition) NONE At the completion of the classroom instruction and practical exercise (PE), you will receive a performance evaluation and a twenty question written test during which you must receive a go and score a minimum of 14 out of 20 questions in order to pass. Gaining the initial foothold in a building is very critical and can be very difficult. The RLEM will allow for a complete breach of main entrance doorways while maintaining a safe standoff distance for the breaching element. The detonation of the RLEM will not only confuse the enemy but can cause injury to anyone in the vicinity of the door being breached allowing the assault element to gain the critical initial foothold on the building with more speed and precision.

Instructional Lead In

NOTE: Prepare your slide with the characteristics of the RLEM.

SECTION III. A.

PRESENTATION ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE A

TRANSITION: Our primary objective will be to acquire the skills needed to mount and operate the RLEM on an M16A2, A3, and A4/M4 series weapons. Before we can effectively engage targets using the RLEM, it will be necessary to familiarize yourself with the RLEM system and subassemblies. NOTE: From this point on any reference to the M16 will include the M16A2/A3/A4, and any reference to the M4 will also include the M4/MWS and M4A1. Identify Characteristics of the RLEM/RLEM-TP. Classroom environment with student hand out. Identify the six main parts of the RLEM IAW this TSP and TM 9-1330-210-12&P.

Conditions:

Learning Step/Activity 1: Description of the RLEM. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 20 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout. NOTE: Safety precautions in AR 385-64, US Army Explosives Safety Program, DA PAM 38564, Ammunition and Explosive Safety Standards, and AR 385-63, Policies and Procedures for Firing Ammunition for Training, Target Practice and Combat, are applicable for the handling and firing of this type of munitions. NOTE: All warning statements and safety precautions discussed in this TSP and outlined in TM 9-1330-210-12&P must be strictly enforced.

a. Description and function of the XM100 RLEM and XM101 RLEM-TP


The RLEM is a rifle grenade with a warhead designed to breech doors (Figure A1). It is mounted on a soldiers M16A2/A3/A4, and M4 series weapon. The RLEM is launched, by firing a standard 5.56 mm round, to a distance of at least 40 meters. It is designed to break down a door and allow soldiers to enter a building with minimum hazards.

Figure A1: RLEM

The RLEM-TP is a training munition (Figure A2). The RLEM-TP is an aluminum tube, which is similar to the RLEM in its weight, aerodynamic structure and operation. Each RLEM-TP body can be reused as long as the round has no major damage except for the stand off rod, which must be replaced after each firing. A M195 grenade cartridge is used to fire the RLEM-TP in order to prolong the serviceability of the RLEM-TP during training exercises. The RLEM-TP comes in a kit that includes 20 RLEM-TP bodies, 100 standoff rods, and five extracting tools, which allows multiple firings of one RLEM-TP body. The standoff rod should be replaced after each firing.

FIGURE A2: Rifle Grenade Entry Trainer (RLEM-TP). b. Equipment Data:


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Length Length w/o SO Weight Weight w/o SO Range Muzzle velocity Arming distance Standoff distance Max angle of fire RLEM 30.6 in 15.6 in 1.37 lb. 1.27 lb. 40 meters 41 mps 10 meters 15 meters 200 RLEM-TP 30.6 in 15.6 in 1.30 lb. 1.20 lb. 40 meters 43 mps NA 15 meters 200

(a). Figure A3 depicts the arming distance, standoff distance and maximum range. The RLEM can only be fired at a maximum angle to the target of 20 degrees. If the RLEM is fired at a greater angle, the munition can deflect off the target without providing enough direct impact to the standoff rod to detonate the munition.

Standoff distance

Standoff distance

FIGURE A3: FIRING DATA

c. RLEM Structure: The RLEM is divided into 6 main parts.


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Standoff Rod Warhead Pyrotechnic Adapter Fuze. Bullet trap device Tail section
WARHEAD STANDOFF ROD PYROTECHNIC ADAPTER FUZE BULLET TRAP

TAIL

FIGURE A-4: Main Parts

1) Standoff Rod: The standoff rod (Figure A-5) screws onto the front of the
warhead. It is made of a 15.75 inches length aluminum tube, with an aluminum disk (button) on its end. The rod is designed to initiate the fuze, which subsequently

initiates the warhead at an optimal distance (15.75 inches) from the target therefore directing the maximum amount of energy towards the door. The standoff button serves to prevent penetration of the rod into the door, which would reduce the maximum amount of energy directed towards the door. The stand off rod maintains an optimal distance between the warhead and the door, thus ensuring full affectivity of the explosive charge, which generates a pressure cone for breaching of the door.

Figure A-5: Standoff Rod 2) Warhead: The warhead (Figure A-6) consist of a plastic envelope (1) containing 120 grams of PBXN-109 cure-cast explosive (2) covered with a plastic cover (3) to eliminate debris being thrown back towards the operator. The standoff rod is threaded into the front of the warhead. The explosive charge is initiated by a PBXN5 pellet (4), which ignites the detonation from the detonation cord of the pyrotechnic adapter.

Figure A-6: Warhead 3) Pyrotechnic Adapter: The pyrotechnic adapter (Figure A-7), located between the fuze and the warhead, is used to transfer the detonation shock between the fuze and the warhead. The special structure of the adapter provides an extra safety element to the gunner by preventing the tail section being blown back towards the gunner

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after being fired. The adapter contains aluminum and plastic casings and a detonating cord. The detonating cord is a 15 grain cord with two PBXN-5 pellets in its sides. The pellets contain 80 mgr. and 170 mgr. explosive.

Figure A-7: Pyrotechnic Adapter

4) Fuze: The fuze is based on mechanical mechanism and initiation train. The
initiation train contains a primer located in the rotor. The fuze has two safety features: direct bullet impact and acceleration. Upon firing, when both features exist, the rotor is released and free to rotate to the ARM position. In the ARM position the firing pin and the primer are in line. Upon hitting the target, the firing pin hits the primer, which ignites the detonation cord all the way to the warhead (Figure A-8).

Figure A-8: Fuze

5) Bullet Trap Device: The bullet trap (see Figure A-9) is mounted in the forward section of the tail tube, behind the fuze. It is designed to stop the bullet and absorb the bullet energy. The bullet trap consists of a housing, steel trap, bullet diverter and three steel disks. The bullet diverter is an additional safety feature in the RLEM, which is intended to guide the bullet away from the warhead in the unlikely event that the three disks and bullet trap are defeated.

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Figure A-9: Bullet Trap 6) Tail Section: The tail sections primary function is to stabilize the round while in flight, and it is the portion of the round that slides over the barrel of the weapon (Figure A-10). When inspecting the RLEM, if any of the tail fins are damaged the grenade must be replaced. The RLEM-TP can be fired with minimal damage to the tail fins.

Figure A-10: Tail Section


Learning Step/Activity 2: Colors and Markings of the RLEM and RLEM-TP. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 10 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout.

a.

RLEM Colors and Markings. The RLEMs warhead is painted black; the body and tail portion is painted brown. The letters and numbers on the RLEM body are yellow (Figure A-11). 1) Warhead markings: The lettering is in yellow on a black background.

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Figure A-11: Warhead Markings. 2) Tail Markings: The lettering is in yellow on a brown background.

Figure A-12: Tail Markings. b. RLEM-TP Colors and Markings The RLEM-TP is painted light blue. It has two sets of markings. One set of markings is on the aluminum warhead and the second set of markings is on the tail section. The letters and numbers on the RLEM-TP are white (Figure A-13). 1) Warhead markings: The lettering is in white on a light blue background.

Figure A-13: Warhead Markings. 2) Tail markings: The lettering is in white on a light blue background.

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Figure A-14: Tail Markings.


NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the enabling learning objective. Q. What is the difference between the XM100 RLEM and the XM101 RLEM-TP? A. The XM100 RLEM is an explosive round and the XM101 RLEM-TP is a training round. Q. What are the main parts of the RLEM? A. Standoff rod, warhead, pyrotechnic adapter, fuze, bullet trap device and tail section. Q. What screws into the warhead? A. The standoff rod. Q. What is the purpose of the standoff rod? A. It provides the best distance between the door and the warhead before it detonates. Q. What is the purpose of the aluminum disk at the end of the standoff rod? A. It keeps the standoff rod from penetrating into the door. Q. What kind of round is used to launch the RLEM-TP? A. M195 grenade cartridge. Q. How many times can the RLEM-TP be used? A. The RLEM-TP can be fired as long as there is not degradation in accuracy. Q. What are the colors of the RLEM and RLEM-TP? A. Explosive RLEM is black and brown; the RLEM-TP is light blue.

B. Transition:

ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE B Now that you understand the characteristics of the RLEM, we must now learn how to place it into operation. Not placing the RLEM into operation correctly could result in a damaged weapon or can cause injury to the firer.

NOTE: Prepare your slide

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Conditions:

Place RLEM/RLEM-TP into operation. During daylight, given a RLEM/RLEM-TP, your assigned rifle, LBE (LBV), Kevlar, BLEPS, gloves and flak vest. Place the RLEM/RLEM-TP into operation IAW with TM 91330-210-12&P.

Learning Step/Activity 1: Inspect the RLEM/RLEM-TP. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 15 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout. NOTE: Safety precautions in AR 385-64, US Army Explosives Safety Program, DA PAM 38564, Ammunition and Explosive Safety Standards, and AR 385-63, Policies and Procedures for Firing Ammunition for Training, Target Practice and Combat, are applicable for the handling and firing of this type of munitions. NOTE: All warning statements and safety precautions discussed in this TSP and outlined in TM 9-1330-210-12&P must be strictly enforced. a. Storage containers: The RLEM container contains to six rounds, each arranged in three layers, with two RLEMs in each layer, lying horizontally in opposite directions. The RLEM-TP storage container contains 20 training units, including 5 standoff rods (100 Standoff rods total) and 5 extracting tools (Figure B-1).

RLEM-TP FIGURE B-1: Storage Containers.

RLEM

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b.

Inspection of the round: Once the RLEM/RLEM-TP has been removed from the storage container inspect each round for the following: 1) Fins- Check fins to ensure that all fins are present and not damaged. If missing or damaged fins are reported replace the RLEM. The RLEM-TP can be reused with minimal damage to the tail fins. 2) Tail, Adapter, and Warhead- Check for cracks, dents, and any distortion. Check that the warhead and adapter cannot be opened by hand and that they are not free or loose. If any are reported replace the RLEM/RLEM-TP. The RLEM-TP can be fired with minimal damaged to the fins. 3) Standoff rod and button- Ensure that the standoff rods is straight and not bent, and ensure that the standoff button is present. If any are reported replace the standoff rod. 4) External Integrity- Check that all RLEM components are in line (head and tail comprise a straight line).

c.

Assemble Standoff Rod to the RLEM Grenade: To assemble the standoff rod, screw the threaded end of the standoff rod into the threaded end of the RLEM body located just above the warhead (Figure B-2).

NOTE: Assemble the standoff rod to the RLEM should be done at the last cover and concealed position before firing.

FIGURE B-2: Assembly of Standoff rod to the RLEM.

WARNING The recoil pad must be installed, on the M4 series weapon with the buttstock locked s extended. If installed improperly the recoil of the RLEM/RLEM-TP will damage the buttstock.

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d. Recoil Pad Installation: The recoil pad is used to add weight to the M4 to assist with the reduction of recoil. The recoil pad is used when firing both the RLEM and RLEM-TP and must be installed prior to the firing of the M4 carbine or the M4 MWS. Extend and lock the buttstock to the s extended position (second hole) Place cylinder (1) of recoil pad assembly into slide tube of the M4 buttstock. Unscrew thumb wheel (2) so that M4 butt plate can clear the recoil pad stop (3). When the butt edge rests against the recoil pad assembly stop, tighten the thumb wheel. If the buttstock is extended beyond the s position with the recoil pad installed the buttstock will not lock back into place. To lock the buttstock back in the proper position loosen the thumb wheel on the recoil pad, adjust the buttstock in the proper position (ensure buttstock is locked) and tighten the thumb wheel on the recoil pad.

2. Thumb Wheel

1. Cylinder

3.Recoil Pad Stop

Figure B-3: Recoil Pad d. Carrying Configuration: The RLEM carrying bag allows for a safe carrying configuration while maneuvering. The carrying bag can hold two RLEMs/RLEM-TPs and two standoff rods. The carrying bag can be worn as a stand-alone backpack; shoulder carried and/or attached to the assault pack with quick release connectors. The RLEM rounds are placed into the carry bag with the warhead down.

NOTE: Assembly of the RLEM/RLEM-TP will take place once the soldier has reached his last covered and concealed position prior to engaging the target. e. Assembly of the RLEM to the Weapon: Once the designated firer has reached his last covered and concealed position he will assemble the RLEM to his weapon by doing the following: 1) Estimate range to the target (optimal distance 15 meters). 2) Ensure that a magazine is locked and loaded and that the weapon is on safe. 3) Remove the RLEM from the carrying bag with your non-firing hand.

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4) Elevate the muzzle of the weapon. 5) Slide the open end of the RLEM, located at the bottom of the fin section, over the barrel of the weapon until contact is made with the muzzle and the lower portion of the bullet trap. 6) The RLEM is fully assembled to the weapon when there is no free play between the muzzle of the weapon and the inside of the RLEM. NOTE: Conduct a check on learning. Q. How many RLEMs can be placed into the carry bag? A. 2 Q. Can the RLEM be fired with damaged stabilizer fins? A. No, only the RLEM-TP can be fired with minimal damage to fins. Q. When installing the recoil pad to an M4, what position must the buttstock be locked in? A. 3/4's extended position. C. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE C

Transition: Before conducting a successful breach using the RLEM, the firer must be familiar with the different types of doors, their characteristics, and the RLEMs ability to breach the door. NOTE: Prepare your slide with the characteristics of doors. Identify Characteristics of different types of doors. Classroom environment with student hand out. Identify all four components of a door and the four door types IAW this TSP and TM 9-1330-210-12&P.

Conditions:

Learning Step/Activity 1: Characteristics of doors. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 15 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout. NOTE: The RLEM will be used to engage exterior doors only. a. General. There are many different types of doors. The door types encountered depend on location (rural area, city, abandoned areas and make-shift), and their design (main entrance, safety door, fire door, or inner door). The RLEM is designed and most effective against main entrance doors because of the way they are constructed. This does not mean that RLEM is less capable against other door types. This chapter will concentrate on several different door types.

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b. Door Structure. All doors have four main components, which are: 1. 2. Doorframe: The frame is a group of wooden or metal parts that when assembled form an enclosure and support for the door. The doorframe is what determines which way the door swings open. Hinges: These are the assemblies that attach the door to the frame and allow it to swing open. The upper hinge supports greater forces than the lower hinge. The bigger and heavier the door is the more hinges will be used. Handle: The handle is located at the opposite side of the hinges. When turned, it opens the door. Lock and Bolt assembly: They are located under the handle. When the door is locked, the bolt enters into a recess in the doorframe. There are several different types of bolts. Some are single metal rods and others are multiple metal rods. Some doors can have several bolts in different locations such as at the top and bottom of the door and even on the hinged side of the door. All installed bolts are opened or closed by a central locking mechanism that is located near the door handle.

3. 4.

c.

Door Types. There are four types of doors that concern infantrymen.
1.

Metal Doors. Metal doors are usually heavy and have a metal frame and metal

rods inside of it. The rods provide the door with strength and flexibility in response to stresses. The RLEM causes the metal door to buckle inward and dislocate from the doorframe. 2. Wooden Doors. Wooden doors are constructed in three ways. They are solid, have a pressboard center, or a honeycomb center. The RLEM affects all wooden doors the same way. The doors are broken up into several pieces upon explosion.

3.

Dual-Panel Doors. Dual-panel doors have two door panels that are opposite
each other. They either have one panel that cannot open or both panels swing open. The effects of the RLEM on dual-panel doors depend on the material of the door. Fire the RLEM towards one of the two panels if the doors are made out of wood. If the doors are metal, fire two RLEM towards the door to make sure the dual-panel doors are breeched.

4.

Emergency Doors. It is not recommended to use RLEM against Emergency


doors. Emergency doors open outwards to allow easier and faster exit from a room. When a RLEM engages and explodes against this door type, the hinges and bolts could bend and get stuck jamming the door into its frame.

NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the enabling learning objective. Q. What kind of door is the RLEM specifically designed to defeat? A. Main entrance doors.

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Q. What are the four main components of a door? A. Door Frame, Hinges, Handle, Lock and Bolt assembly. Q. How does the RLEM defeat metal doors? A. The RLEM causes metal doors to buckle inward and dislocate from the doorframe. Q. How does the RLEM defeat wooden doors? A. The doors are broken up into several pieces upon explosion. Q. What type of door should not be engaged with the RLEM? A. It is not recommended to use RLEM against Emergency doors. Q. How many RLEM should be fired at metal dual-panel doors? A. Fire two RLEM towards the door to make sure the metal dual-panel doors are breeched.

C.

ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE

TRANSITION: Conditions: Engage targets using the RLEM. Given an M16/M4 series rifle, LBE, Kevlar, face shield, flak vest, gloves, a door attached to a frame and/or building, two RLEM/RLEM-TP's and 5.56 (M855/M856) ball ammunition (RLEM), M195 cartridge (RLEM) Engage and destroy a standard door with no more than two rounds, to allow a quick and safe entry of friendly forces into the building.

WARNING Do not mix M195 blank grenade cartridge with M200 5.56 standard blank ammunition. The rounds are very similar and very difficult to identify one from another. Learning Step/Activity 1: Firing positions. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 15 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout
a.

Firing Positions when using the RLEM. An RLEM can be fired


from the following firing positions: standing, kneeling supported, and when seated. The four fundamentals when firing an RLEM are all the same except for Steady
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Position. When firing the RLEM an extended eye relief must be used due to the high recoil of the weapon.
b.

Kneeling Position and its Advantages. Firing the RLEM is accompanied by


considerable recoil. Kneeling is the recommended firing position because it provides both stability and recoil absorption by the body. It also provides for a low silhouette and allows the gunner the ability to move quickly after the RLEM has been fired.

c. Guidelines for Firing Positions.


1. Fire RLEM from behind cover that helps stabilize the weapon and shields the firer from enemy fire. 2. Hold rifle butt securely against the shoulder. 3. Hold an absolute stable and secure position, due to the recoil that occurs. 4. When firing the RLEM, an extended (long) eye relief must be used to protect the firer from the recoil of the weapon. When firing from the kneeling positionsupport the hand holding the weapon on the kneeling leg, for additional stability.

Learning Step/Activity 2: Aim Points. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 15 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout.

a.

Aim Points. The most vulnerable point should be chosen when engaging a door
with the RLEM. In the majority of cases where the door is still intact the vulnerable point is typically the door center, so the point of impact for the RLEM should always be the door center or towards the locking mechanism if its location is known. This also applies when engaging dual-paneled doors. In order to achieve a hit at the point of impact the weapon should be aimed to a point about 16 inches above the desired point of impact when the firer is at a distance of 15 meters. At other ranges the aiming point is adjusted due to the ballistic trajectory of the RLEM.

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Figure C-1. Aiming the RLEM When engaging targets with the RLEM/RLEM-TP the following target offsets will be utilized.
15 meters 24 inches (2 feet) above the center of the target 20 meter - 48 inches (4 feet) above the center of the target 25 meters 84 inches (7 feet) above the center of the target 30 meters 120 inches (10 feet) above the center of the target 40 meters 192 inches (16 feet) above the center of the target

WARNING To prevent a recoil injury, an extended (long) eye relief must be used when firing the RLEM/RLEM-TP.

Learning Step/Activity 2: Misfire procedures. Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 15 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Handout.

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WARNING Prior to SQUEEZING the trigger (SPORTS), ensure the round is fully seated and the weapon is re-aimed towards the target.

a. Weapon Misfire. If a misfire of the weapon occurs, maintain the weapon at an upward angle and apply sports IAW TM 9-1005-319-10, M16/M4 series Operation Manual.

WARNING Never touch or approach an UXO, contact EOD for recovery and disposal.

b. RLEM Misfire. If the RLEM impacts the target and does not explode, then the round must be treated as an Unexploded Ordinance (UXO), contact EOD immediately. c. Weapon fires but the RLEM is not launched (Hangfire). If the weapon fires but the RLEM does not leave the barrel place the weapon on safe and place the weapon on the ground. Do not attempt to separate the RLEM from the rifle. Since one of the safeties in the RLEM has been deactivated then the munition must be treated as an UXO contact EOD for proper disposal. NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the enabling learning objective. Q. What is the designated aiming point if engaging a target that is 15 meters away? A. 24 inches or 2 feet above center mass of the door. Q. What firing position will provide the firer with a stable firing position and also allow him to maintain a low silhouette? A. Kneeling position. Q. How many different misfires can be encountered when firing the RLEM and what are they? A. 3, Weapon misfire, hangfire, and the RLEM fails to detonate.

D.

ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE D

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TRANSITION: Before a soldier should be allowed to fire the RLEM the soldiers needs to complete a qualification course so that he is able to demonstrate the skills necessary to properly and safely employ the RLEM. Qualify with the RLEM/RLEM-TP Given an M16A2/A3/A4 or an M4 series rifle, LBE, kevlar, eye protection, flak vest, gloves, a door attached to a frame and/or building, 1 RLEM-TP with 5 standoff rods 1 RLEM, 1 round 5.56 ball (M855/M856) ammunition (RLEM), 10 rounds M195 grenade blank cartridge (RLEM-TP) per firer. Put the RLEM into operation and engage each door within 1 minute. Must engage 3 out of 5 doors from various angles and positions using the proper aiming point for the range selected IAW this TSP and TM 9-1330-210-12&P.

Conditions:

Learning Step/Activity 1: Method of instruction: LECTURE Instructor to student ratio is: 1:40 Time of instruction: 15 min Media: Computer with infocus projector and Actual equipment a. Range Set-up for the RLEM-TP. The number of firing points will be determined by the amount of firers available for training, range size limitations, and available resources. b. Targets. Targets can be actual doors, if available, or 1-inch plywood can be used. Target frames should be constructed to allow for stabilization and easy replacement of new targets. Each target will be stationary and placed 10-15 meters apart from each other, this will allow for each lane to have enough room to fire at different angles to the target (Figure D-1a). Each target will have a 12-inch circle drawn in the center of the door; this circle is the designated point of impact. NOTE: As soldiers become more proficient with the RLEM/RLEM-TP additional challenges may be introduced, such as increasing the angle to the target (not to exceed a 20 degree angle), or conduct training during hours of limited visibility. c. Firing Lanes. Each firing lane will have at a minimum 5 firing positions; one at 15 meters at a 90 degree angle to the target, 2 at 20 meters with 1 at 75 degree angle left and 1 at 75 degree angle right of the target, and 2 at 25 meters, with 1 at 75 degree angle left and 1 at 75 degree angle right of the target (Figure D-1a). Firing lanes can share left or right firing points as long as all firers are synchronized while firing. Firing position can be constructed with obstacles that will provide the soldier with cover. This will allow the solider to decide on a proper firing position based on suitable cover. d. Conduct. At the beginning of training each solider will be made aware of the safety requirements for the RLEM/RLEM-TP. The first firing order will start at the 15 meter firing position, and each lane will have a safety (FigureD-1a). All firers

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will be firing at the same time. At each firing position there will be 1 RLEM-TP and 1 standoff rod. Once the command is given to fire, each firer will assemble the standoff rod to the RLEM-TP, slide the RLEM-TP over the barrel of the weapon and then engage the target using the proper offset, all within 1 minute. The impact of the RLEM-TP must impact within the 12 inch drawn circle in the middle of the target to be considered as a hit. Once all firers are done they will move (at the same time) to the 20-meter left (right) angle position and repeat everything that was done at the first firing point (Figure D-1b/c). Complete the same procedures for the 25-meter target as well. A soldier is considered qualified if 3 out of 5 targets have been successfully engage in the allotted amount of time. A practice record fire and record fire will be conducted. Once the soldier has qualified he should be given the opportunity to fire an RLEM at an actual door to see the effects of the munition.

Figure D-1: Range Setup.

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Figure D-2: Target. e. Firing of the RLEM. Once the soldier has demonstrated his proficiency with the RLEM-TP, the soldier should be given the opportunity to fire the RLEM. This will give the soldier first hand experience of the capabilities of the RLEM and its effectiveness in the breaching of a door. f. Targets. Actual doors should be used if available, but 1-inch plywood can be used. Frames should be constructed to hold the plywood in place and allow for quick replacement of targets. g. Range. The firing of the RLEM will be limited to Range Control procedures and the availability of a range that can support the firing of an explosive to munition. NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the enabling learning objective. Q. What is the distance between targets? A. 10 meters. Q. What is the maximum angle of engagement? A. 20 degrees. Summary:

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