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# PHYSICS (THEORY) CLASS XII Time : 3 hours General Instructions: (i) All questions are compulsory (ii) There

are 30 questions in total. Questions 1 to 18 are very short answer type questions and carry one mark each. (iii) Questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each, questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each. (iv)There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks one question of three marks and all three question of five marks each. You have to attempt only one of the given choice in such questions. (v) Use of calculators is not permitted However, you may use log tables if necessary. (vi) You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary. c = 3 108 m/s h = 6.63 10-34 Js e = 1.6 10-19 C
7 1 o = 4 10 Tm A 2 1 9 Nm = 9 10 2 4o c

M.M.: 70

Q1.

Two identical loops, one of copper and another of constantan are removed from a magnetic field within same interval of time. In which loop the induced current will be greater? Two electrically charged particles, having charges of different magnitude when placed at a distance d from each other experience a force of attraction F. These two particles are put in contact and again placed at the same distance from each other. What is the nature of force between them now? A ray of light incident on an equilateral glass prism glass = 3 moves parallel to the base of the prism inside it. What is the angle of incidence for this ray?

Q2.

Q3.

Q4.

A capacitor of capacitance C is being charged up by connecting it across a dc voltage source of voltage V. How do the conduction and displacement currents in this set up compare with each other:

(a) During charging up process. (b) After the capacitor gets fully charged? Q5. An - particle and a proton are moving in a plane of paper in a region where there is uniform magnetic field (B) directed normal to the plane of the paper. If the two particles have equal linear momentum, what will be the ratio of the radii of their trajectories in the field? Q6. How does the magnetic moment of an electron in a circular orbit of radius r and moving with a speed change, when the frequency of revolution is doubled? The mean life of a radioactive sample is Tm. What is the time in which 50% of this sample would get decayed? A proton and an alpha particle, both initially at rest, are (suitably) accelerated so as to have the same kinetic energy. What is the ratio of their de-Broglie wavelengths? Find the amount of work done in rotating an electric dipole, of dipole moment 3 10-8 Cm. From its position of stable equilibrium to the position of unstable equilibrium, in a uniform electric field of intensity 104 N/C. A wire loop formed by joining two semicircular wires of radii R1 and R2 carries a current I as shown in the following figure. Find the magnetic field at the centre O.

## Q7. Q8. Q9.

Q10.

Q11.

The intensity, at the central maxima (O) in a Youngs double slit set up is lo. If the distance OP equals one third of the fringe width of the pattern, show that the intensity at point P, would equal lo/4.

## Q12. Q13. Q14.

An X ray tube operates at 10kV. What is the ratio of x ray wavelength to that of deBroglie wavelength? An electric heater is connected turn by turn to a d.c and a.c sources of equal voltages. Will the rate of heat production be same in the two cases? Explain. Two students A and B prepare the following table about the electromagnetic waves. Rewrite this table in its corrected form.

Direction of Student A B Q15. Electric field Along X-axis Along Y-axis Magnetic field Along X-axis Along Z-axis Propagation Along Y-axis Along X-axis

## Peak Value of Electric field E E = cB Magnetic field B = cE B

Which type of diode shows this type of I-V characteristic curve? State one use of it with circuit diagram.

Q16.

## A modulating signal is a square wave as shown.

The carrier wave given by c(C) = 4 sin (4t) volts. (i) Sketch the amplitude modulated waveform. (ii) What is the modulation index? Q17. A radioactive nucleus A undergoes a series of decay according to the following scheme:

The mass number and atomic number of A are 180 and 72 respectively. What are these numbers for A4 ? OR Write the equations for the two types of -decay. Why is it very difficult to detect the neutrino? Q18. Draw the output wave form at X, using the given inputs A,B for the logic circuit shown below. Also identify the (equivalent) gate.

Q19.

A resistor of resistance 400 , and a capacitor of reactance 200 , are connected in a series to a 220 V, 50 Hz. a.c. source. If the current in the circuit is 0.49 ampere find the (i) voltage across the resistor and capacitor (ii) value of inductance required so that voltage and current are in phase. The energy levels of an element are as shown below. Which of the shown transitions will result in the emission of photon of wavelength 482 nm?

Q20.

Q21.

An equiconvex lens, with radii of curvature of magnitude R each is put over a liquid layer poured on top of a plane mirror. A small needle, with its tip on the principal axis of the lens, is moved along the axis until its inverted real image coincides with the needle itself. The distance of the needle from the lens is measured to be a. On removing the liquid layer and repeating the experiment the distance is found to be b. Given that two values of distance measured represent the focal length values in the two cases, obtain a formula for the refractive index of the liquid.

Q22.

In the meter bridge experiment, a student observed a balance point at the point J. Draw the equivalent wheat stone Bridge circuit diagram for this set up. Find the value of unknown resistance X.

The values of R and X are both doubled and then interchanged. What would be the new position of the balanced point? If, in this set up, the galvanometer and battery are interchanged at the balance point position, how will the balance point get affected?

Q23.

In the following diagrams, write which one of the diodes is forward biased and which is reverse biased?

(c) An ac signal is fed into the circuit X. The corresponding output waveform is shown below. Identify X. Draw its detail circuit diagram.

OR The transfer characteristic of base biased transistor in CE configuration is shown. Name the region corresponding to the values (i) O to V1 (ii) V1 to V2 (iii) greater than V2 of the input voltage applied to transistor. Identify the voltage range that should not be used if the transistor has to work as a switch. What is the practical use of transistor, when it is operated in this voltage range? Name the source that results in a higher energy of the output of a transistor operated in this range?

Q24.

A metallic square loop ABCD of length L resistance R is moving in its own plane with velocity in a uniform magnetic field B perpendicular to its plane as shown in the figure 1. What will be the direction of induced current in the loop? What will be the induced emf in the loop when half of the loop is outside the field. ?

Q25.

Two convex lenses, of equal focal length, but of aperture A1 and A2 (A2 < A1), are used as the objective lenses in two astronomical telescopes having identical eyepieces. Compare the ratio of their (i)resolving power (ii)(normal) magnifying power and (iii)intensity of images formed by them. Which of the two telescopes should be preferred? Why?

Q26.

Give reasons for the following:(i) For ground wave transmission, size of antenna ( l ) should be comparable to /4 wavelength of signal i.e. (ii) Audio Signal converted into an em wave, are not directly transmitted as such. (iii) The amplitude of modulating signal is kept less than the amplitude of carrier wave .

Q27.

Find the potential difference between point A and B and the rate of energy dissipation in R1 . Assume that both the batteries have zero internal resistance.

Q28.

Introduce a small sphere A of radius r, carrying some charge q into a large sphere B of radius R carrying charge Q .Place it at the centre of the large one. (i) What will be the potential difference between theses two spheres.

(ii) What will happen if we connect A and B sphere with a conducting wire? (iii) Name and state the principle of a machine which works on the above concept.

OR If two parallel similar plates each of area A having surface charge densities + and are separated by a distance d in air, write the expression for (i) the electric field at points between the two plates (ii) potential difference between the plates (iii) The capacitance of the capacitor so formed. Q29. (a) A plane wave front approaches a plane surface separating two media. If medium one is (optically) denser and medium two is (optically) rarer, construct the refracted wave front using Huygenss principle. Hence prove Snells law. (b) Draw the shape of the refracted/reflected wave front when a plane wave front is incident of (i) prism and (ii) convex mirror. Give a brief explanation for the construction. OR (a) State the essential condition for the diffraction of light to take place. A parallel beam of monochromatic light falls normally on a narrow slit and light coming out of the slit is obtained on the screen. Derive an expression for the angular width of the central bright maxima obtained on the screen. (b) State two differences between diffraction and interference. Q30. (a) Draw the labeled diagram of moving coil galvanometer. Prove that in a radial magnetic field, the deflection of the coil is directly proportional to the current flowing in the coil.

(b) A galvanometer can be converted into a voltmeter to measure up to (i) V volts by connecting a resistance R1 in series with its coil. (ii)
V 2

## volts by connecting a resistance R2 in series will its coil.

Find the resistance R in terms of R1 and R2 required to convert it in to a voltmeter that can read up to 2V volts. OR (a) Draw diagrams of depict the behavior of magnetic field lines near a bar of: (i) Copper (ii) Aluminum (iii) Mercury, cooled to a very low temperature (4.2 K). (b) The vertical component of the earths magnetic field at a given place is 3 times its horizontal component. If total intensity of earths magnetic field at the place is 0.4 G, find the value of : (i) angle of dip (ii) the horizontal component of earths magnetic field.