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(ESPECIALLY AS 1-f’ PEWTAltNS I-0 PAW% OCEAN AREA.)

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CHAPTERI ORGANIZATION
PAGE

............... CEN!?RBI; PACIFIC m, CINCPAC AND CINCPOA JOINT STAFF ......... FLEET MARINEFORCE. ................ ..................... COMGENPOA AMPHIBIOUSCORPS,MARINE. ............. CORPS HrEA~uaTERs TROOPS,mRINl3. ....... .......... CORPS SPECWLTROOPS, MiiFtXNE CORPS ARTILLERY, MnINE. ............ MARINEDIVISION .................. TEA EqJIPMENT, MABINEDIVISION. .......... .... MiINE DIVISION, DISTRIBUTIONOF PERSONNEL. .......... WiRINE DIVISION, TE.ANSFORTATION ............. MARINEDIVISION, WEAPONS. ... IN%.N?I'RY DIVISION, DISTRIBUTIONOF PERSON'K3L. INFANTRYREGIMENT,MARINE ............. fNF!RYREGIMENT.AIWY .............. AMFHIBIAN TRUCK COMPANY, MARINE.......... AMPHIBIANTRUCKCOMFANY, ARMY........... AMPHIBIANTRACTOR BATTALION, 1,RINE ........ AMPHIBIANTRACTOR BATTALION, ARMY......... ARbiORED A?IPHIBIANBATTALION, MARINE........ AMPHIBIANTANKBATl?i&ION, ABMY. .......... SERVICETROOPS,MARINEDIVISION .......... SERVICE AND SUPPLYCOMPANY, SERVICEBATTALION. SPECIAI, TROOPS,MARINEDIVISION SHORE PARTY, ORGANIZATIONAL CWiRT......... ..... SHORE PARTY, STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURE BEACHFI.&iNKMkRKERS., .............. LANDINGPOINTMkRKERS...........~ ... ............. DEFINITIONS, OPERATIONAL. COMl?~ISONMARINEAND INFANTRYDIVISIONS. . , . , , .................... PERSONNEL
l l .......... SuPPLIES l . . , l . . l I . . , , . . l l l . a

1 : 4 5 6

17-1s
19-20 21

22-23
24-25

26 27-28
29

P-31
P-9+ :F36

3e;-51
52

53 54-59 g-63 61 E-63
65

............ MAJORITEMS EQUIPMENT BATTALIONLANDINGTEAM, ORGiiNIZATION, ....... ....... REGIXENTAL COKE&T TEAM, ORGANIZATICN.J, PERSONNEL, CUBE AXD KEIGHT, STAIW &?H. FORCE. . '.C%EQUIPMENT, EiABINEAA BATTALION, ........ TRANSPORTATION CORPS PORT COMPANY, ORGANIZATION . . TRANSPORTATION CORPS PORTBAT"LkLION, ORGANIZATION . Tu EQUIPMENT, ARMYINFANTRYDIVISION .......
OF

66 67- 6s 6i-70

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UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
chaptar

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Pqw -x-

anmu

m ammuom

mm
DEptprp

CINCF'AC AND CINGPOB I

I 1
PLBMS

I
2 ImmGmcE I Chief of (Intell)

I

CHIEF OF JOINT.STAFF I I i.
ILGISTICS I c

I 5
ANALXSIS I Analytical Officer *

f 6
ADMINISTli;rTION

Asst. D~putp IChief of Staff II Staff --

I OPERATIONS SECT. Ship movements Troop movements Aviation c envoy Routing brology

c

--

;-(I
READINESS SECTION Training NavalGunnery Ground Gunnery G.I.G. & OperationalF&dar Anti-sub Warfare CaBafduNICATIONS s Operational communications Radio/had&r b$atr eriel Electronic Warfare Communication Plan and Training

Fuel

I

UNCLASSIFIED

ii%i 6 cgii 8 :;ba %I 6 !!i!c!icl! vv $x&i

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ohaptrr -lP&g8

-3,

UNCLASSIFIED
ftcI Ptri br (5 8 I I I I 1 . I P -8 I-’ 8 --

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Chapter -lPag8 4r"WUWMWi -----a

AMPHfBtOUZICfXE'S- Wm

AMYHIBIOUS

COilPS .

I coT(Fs HzzADwmm 1 TROOPS _ COFWS SFECIAL TROO

,

I CORPSARTIXJAERY

f

I MARINE DIVISION

--I_-7 I1 VARINE DIVISION 1

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I--1 ARLlYDIVISION~

Carp8 HmdqPartarr

lrooprl#u~ns

c: 25 !z i% 7 ii3 i s v f 2 9 +

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--I !iIlmQum co. I

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CO. -I SIGNALCONSTRUCTION I

CORPS TRANSPORT CO. t-

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MESICAL co. -l--

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190-m+

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$382 3 0223 ta m
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UNCLASSIFIED
FORWARD AND REAR JXXELOB TBA EQUIPMENT OF A WillIKE DXVISPCN - As Distributed for Amphibious Operationa -

Chapter

- 1 -

Page - 10 -

POBWARD AI?D REAR ECHELONTBA EQUIIX.ENT OF A HARIhiE DXV'XSICB (Cant inw?d)

U~-~C~,~SSlF~E~

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U~~~~~~~~~~~~
chapter - 1 Page - 11 -

FORWARD AND REAR ECIIELOB TBA EQUIPMENT OF A MARINE DIVISION (Continued)

9

AUth.

F-100

T/O

Aeeault

Cu.ft.

Wgt.

Bear Echelon

Cu.ft.

Ygt.

I

2 ton.

a-wheel.

stack:

- 15 ten machinery all ty-pea cargo 1 ton, 4x4, 3.t. repair 1 ton. 4x4, recon. 23 ton, 6x6, cargo ton, $t ton, 6x6, tank,
* ton, 1 ton, 4x4, 4x4,

I 408 1 224

f I

170 130 50

190090 ~mon 142160 ~16500 1 238

159024 I 5831001

. t 1

I

150

I

I69350

BOO00

t=

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2%ton,
ton,

2+ ton,

2& ton.

ton,

ln6tmti~ short vheel base 48 1 1 1 1 1 1656 1359 wjoo 13265 1 p2gl2 p46m.m 2620 1’joao

1000 2-i tm, ;I& welding RsdSa, w/trafler f/truck,

radi9

Baggqv; C)ffir:o, Mesa, Camp, snd Special Eq:t not listed in T/O; TOTBLS

216754 JO5fi272 ~=W3 11655168 1

SUMMJ!.RY :

Assault Ship tom Short tone ,224Ob.l 6936.3

Rear Echelon 20554.0 4327.b

Chaptar

- 1 -

Page - 12 -

UNCLASSIFIED

7

3

--+-

44 -T

6 &
11 11

z ut
22

10

=E12

!mTAIllElawlm
TOTAL K&FUHE #.lW

w
9th

585 1343 1403 6a

2415

2574

-GE

66

435 3
Marine Dl+loton

f-loo

--M
33
402

119 955 107 17465

Approved - 5 Iby l$d+

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WBAPORS,

IwARXlBO Ml

DIVISIOIP I 1Q,953 I I 24 243

@arblnes, 30 caliber,

name thmwer, msah&aited lb-5 nanls thrOwerI portable w2-2

.Jo ca, *pII Cal.

Broming

w1g17Al

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162 302

Brswaflygnlyl* h.b.flex.

A5 -, aubnachlns,
Cal.

161

Thompson

1
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49 36

&an, 37 zmp r3 btl-tank)

RowltiLef, Horiti.ser.

75 mm, Prck 105 mm MUI

24 24 172

]taunohsr, roaket, AT, 2.36-h&

bloTtar,60=
YOFt&r, 81 Em

I
I I

117
36 399 853

Rifle,

.Jo oalr Ml.

1 5436

Shotgun, 12-kuge
Tank,
rdlo

w/armament:
equipped (SOB-PS)

(27) I

Marine Mvirloa P-100 &proved 5 May, 1944

Ohrpter -l-

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UNCLASSIFIED

- mm-I

I

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Chapter

- li -

Pqe

- 16 -

--II

)

I

2936

so I ‘Pm-AL URINE

cws

3s 36 37 .; I_ 38

Chief Phammai8tts Mate. Pharmac ii&'8 Phamaoiet'e Mats; Pharmacist*a Nate,

Mate lat Clads id Cksa 3d Class

I

7 4 2

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Table lo.

II
F-10

I

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3egiawat

U~CL~SS~FIE~
1

IHFAHTRY REGYXEItT URI.HE DIVISIOBl

(Continued)
I 21 SI 411 5 I

F-10

57 a Cart, hand, MCe1942r &xumunioatica , 68 89 -wtility 60 -8lmm IWtar and Ammunition 61 -.30-oaliber Machine Gun and Ammunition

2 5 I I 1 I

1

6 24 24 54

9 29 24 54

68
49 , +m

-i/4-ton, -l-ton, -l-ton,

__~-

4 x 4, radio-equipped 4 x 4, oergo 4 L 4, light rapair

~~ I.

(TM)

2 2 1

3 21 1

3

8 23 2

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1

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3OZ LJ 300 -=Tvy -woo -3 I 5

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0 ‘d 998 @PWP =V) T=wpew-a -1v

aa= ‘Kjd -@hBa W-1 Pwz =vmQ -3oQc L

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Infan* ry &!ginent

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T/O & B 6 7 8' 9 1 10

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11 836

I-

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0 Carb,ual..30 0 ctm,=trhim,oal,.3oh~, fltKldble 0 Gun, aQhirm,cap..30 light;

4

1 I I I 1

20

m

4 I 9 I

77 1 T

48 I 3

219 81 6 1 I 6 1 d f

836

fhxlble 0 Gun, lmluihine,R3,ual..5o, , I fJJ3xibl8 90 I n -28

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7111:. I

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4

44

31 33
I

1

b To be furtiuhed only a8 req&wd and available rithin deperture far ovsreea duty.
b u&Gain's araiutnnta.

4 for

mudi@

aclre.

the contizmnta~tu

of

the United Staten. Will be ftumiuhud

prior to

u Drim

f’ $,’ < i /, j , ) ; ;:,,j f . 1 a,,# 1 . i? * ) *\.: t-2 I c I i.‘. 2-3 I

BfluQae Tebb a< i?~~g,‘a&i>:~xi u* />w j$i&.r$&$
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2
campaay

3
Hq 1

4

6
Pletoon

6

8rrpant

91 Pletoon (651)

8

KW IO) I 0) I
I42 12 I21

I44

(Qf)- Qanrtamartrr Pens. b--Carried in rseorve 4omisru-y Bran& a-dd w~orrbine -&.kginser Pmraonnel (t)-vehioulrr wuapn. aerial amber in psrsnths@brr refrra to np+oiaLirt qualiffortion 86 aknm in &R -""--ITab18 lo, Rao6 chapter -L Page-21~~LI~SSI l-4 ED

5

6

7
I

. no k’ 3 % 2 8 5 0 dt #z&F mr zix iRx

I

2 anphibian truak pla-

a 9 0 d B d ii __I

E iif ?I!8 % gigr ii8 201 B 2 3i L

FF
1 1

23 1 I

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L ~,.~~~C~~~~~SS!Fl~5
ckulpter -IPage-23.. m----a-

J

AMPHIBI~ 9JRiumBBA~ALIOIJ AMPHxBxous COBPS Table

Marine corpe
of Organization F-1015

Deof@mtion:

Amphibian

Tractor

AU0 wluc( vcb I kk em e z H 40 rtw

k a Q 4 5

P

R z? a 8 s 3 E!

c

7 1 Commissioned Warrant 6 I TOTAL wdBBt;bl"p t

or Warrant

Officer

1 1

g 1 Sergemat Wajor
10 1 Xfrrt Sergeeant I I 1 1 12 I krtsr Technical Sergesat &-- asrmanti A Ger m-13 ! Qmeermao

jtf

.i?+mping cot, y5-&kllcll

parminute

centrifugal,

relf-priming,

garolfne

driven' 1

chuptor -l-

-PEI&e4&-(Continued)

BATTALIO1 IBIM!?xu.CToE &miIBnous COBPS \j p;q”~~~,;~~~;~;‘i yit;:;
Table

Marine corpr
of OrganizatSon F-1015 ( Oont Id)

Deeignatfont

Aaphibian

Tractor

Battslion

I 46 i Trailsrf

ii 8ko’;3 sjq G; 2 1P’4
II ff

f 3
3 -wheel, stockroom rrtoukroom I 1

5

3 3

3 _,

4 4 3 4
1
1

-g-ton,

kwhsel,

I

i YO!l!lr

Thfrr

table

supersedes

Table

of Organization
&proved:

E-50,

approved

15 bril,

1943.

e/G. C. Thomas, 0. c. !moJ4As, 3y direction. 1 DIST3IBtJ!PIO~: I “A”, aBY and “@A( 3) “.

626pH~1~

TEACTO3 BATTALXOZ!

1

6

d

7

-

U~CLAS§lFl~5
Chaptsr hgew& vI---Ik. ll--_-_ ----__

T/O Eq-125 &
--

RC2! ""T-Q, gj pgJ..y;>:!;;: fi 1. ai- tj I Dsirfgnation:

CEW AKPIUBXAB BATTAIJOH AMPEIBI owl COBPS Table Armored Amphibian Battalion Marine Ooxpr of Organic&ion &lOi?o~

1

WIT

I

I

b

!l!OTAL COWISSIONED Warrant or Warrant Officar

7 Commireioned 8-T

;t

hok 1mt Olrmfi/PrilP.ta

124

55

33

208 12 316

t 1 , I f7lU nrbinr.
ifls,

- ZCLmal
.jO-calibsl,

I
thrr I g7

I
160

I
i447

I’
1I

w CA Ml __a

I 3 I 9 I 53 I

! 75 I 216 I144 aI

! 75 I 225 1,197 1
!

I -*,
t

--mm*-

Chapter-lcPaese~-(continued)

Table

Ho.

G-1020

‘f&be Armored

Amphibiran Bettslicm
2

(con t Mued)
I 3 t Gi k !L E 4;; zdrd “y3
4

Warfno Gmps of QrgBnizat~on Q-1020

r
45

d.

l!mm

TM.8 tabls amerusdee jl December 193.

Table

sf Brmmieertion

F-1028.

agarovad

r/k

c. ThOYnlLI* 0. c* ?fTmMAs. By dlrectian.

D1ISTR~TlQEr

‘+A#) @Bw ,tigd rr$ar)( 3) 8o e

Table

No.

G-1WO

Ld@Tmxa Designation -> L-1& ;~ i,,$ "; t 1;: t ‘_ i'j ? I ": , $ "p

TmK

EiATTALIrn dmphfbian Tank Bnttalion Am! T/cl 8 E l7-115

I
Ill

1

I

21

31

4

I s T si

71

8

I

Unit

4 5 6 7

Captain Captain or first Firrt lieutenant Ssoond lieutenant

lieutenant

_-It
-----niafrm, E

- -5 25 51 2 9 11 20 85
51

1261 161 A4

I I

1 I I

I
I

1 26 i 8Sj 1 , 1 1Qj 51 -+ i t 1 I 1 86lM)I I

m 7.--v-- -I- 3
1

T/O 6; E 17-116 ~~~~~~~SSiFl~~

maptsr Pegr-299m -IMM-- --

Bemice

Troops

SERVICB !cEOOPS URINE DXPISIW

1

2

iIt2 =: 4, a0
1 WNIT 02 uu 4 e;g $A Colonel I 2r

3 l-40 f&g fjy
I$ ~%z 4-J-a ~lTi&

4 Gj 2”
g.l $g J$;?

5 0 I2 8 2;
;;2 g"ks @-

------I
6

8 9 10
I

Marine Gunner Clerk (QMD> Qartermaater TOTAL UAREWT OFFICER I Sergeant HRjor I First Sergeant

5 3
8

5 1
6
I

1
1

*ll 3

19 I Platoon Sergeant Serge-et 201 Staff 23 24 25 Chief Cook Corporal Field Cook

30
31 j2

33
34 ?k I,

36 37 3et

39 41 42
40

Commissioned, Medical Corps Commieeionsd, Hospital Corpe Commiaaionad, Dental Corps Commiarionsd, Chaplain Gorps TOTAL COMMISSXOUD, U.S. Chl f Pharmacist's -..*e, Hate Pharmacist's Mate, 1st Class Pharmaciote Mate, 2d CJaaa Pharmacist's Kate.- . jd Claaa -. - tntiom1at Claaa Hospital AppreW----, ___ ____ Hospital Apprentfce, 2d.Claer !rJ TAL ENLIST&D fT E WA'W TOTAL b'AvAz, PXRSOWXL
.e -*caPI

1
I

1
I I

27

1

XAVY

I

J. ] 3 c I 3 ; 9 21 21 2 1 -IQ1
1

.

6 5
38 L i;
Lc;

I 1 I A 1 9 I it
1 I

1 . i
1

j 1 I n I

;; 107 d

ii 3

I I

1 io4 362 knn

; 9

Gun, machine, 46 I Gun. machine,

.JO-c~11 .5O-caliber,

Browning,

442,

Chaptar

-l-

-Page-~&(continued)

Table

lo.

3-70

1

Ambulance:

61 6: 64 -65

-heavy,

w/2-wheel

crane

(20-ton) 2 6 I
11

l-4tn 1

66 i. 67 I6 ! @

I 77 I '-

medium light Trailer: -l/4-ton, 2-wheel -l-ton, P-wheel, -l-ton, 2-wheel, -l-toa;2+heel, -l-ton, E-wheel, -'-*VA, 2-wheel, -*-“Y I I r2-tci -m, &wheel, r

3 tl I 5I
I

6 'I'

5
'

cargo

grsaalng
IE!iockroom stockroom (Ordsance) water, JO&gallon stockroom

I
4

I

I

1

301
41

3
3

Ii

3s 8
7

37

Chqter-l-

-Page-3%

Table

190. IL70

~~~~~~~~~,~~I~~~~

. ..Cr . , LYI

LISA

>A:, 1;PLY

UOMPAliP

iS.ElNICl

BATTALION

a 1 g 1 LO ColapW
Hq GJ b5-l c, I Serrioe : aM Supply Plabon I a IUI ICJI

------I ‘^‘“I-* 12. 12’ r 1.41 -- I ’ -i----k
I I I i '? ;1

UNIT

.:;: 8: i?o QJ I 4; / 81
2

_1 2; z + I.I: uJs.2 I-I-i0 +

3

Captain Ooriumnding Officer Cou3mleeary Officer Poet Exchsn~e Officer

lc 12c (1) f 1

I

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1

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I

IL./ II

1C lo
1 (1)
.-r I I

I ('I I\L, 2c
1 I I I

1

fj-

1 t

-

(1)
1 I 1

I
I

I
I

II il.1
II I
i

37 t 1-

keeper, PX Supply Sergeant (821) (cravse repietratlon Plstooa Sernsaat (6W IStaff Serm&t * . Baker (017) 1 , Chief cbrk, PX (324) Clerical (WI (821)
7

(769) I
I

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2a

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(1) 121 lllll11212

I

II

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Supply

and property

Chapter -I-

-.Page-j24continu0d)

Table

No. 3-62 .".e..---n

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80 !

Barber (W2) Cmanter (050) (055) Clerk, PX (324) Glerk. record (055) Cobblw ( 204) <_Cr I

I

Ii

91

1 Chief

I%armaciat

@u Wats

~&bla

BO.

5162

UNCLASSIFIED
4/51617]~
Semite 1g110111I1211 I and Supply Platoon

a-inoludm 9 reserve for medical w/Bul~s of Land Warfare. 1 (bhhrried in remme. a-Armed w/ carbine.

pwromel

when required

in aooordanoe

t fJ)-Commiersry brumh.
(d)-Cobblers from fariorn unitr may be gronpod to operate rapair unit ad required. 1 (EPWhj&mer per~0nn01. I (WI-@artrrmaater personnel. I EOTE: Serial number in ~rmthesfr refers to snscialfst OILOW~in AR 615-26. I ahoe and textile

I

1

maalificsfione

a8

UNCLASSIFIED
-__.SXRVICE MID SUPPLT cIOl@ANT9 SESVXOE BATTALIOE Chapter-l-WE@+---- -- e Tab10 Eo. E-62

UNCLASSIFIED

SPBCIAL TFumPS MANES DIVISXDH

re 8 6 0 &E m
1, ii

I

9
20

,

7
g g Ll c2 L3

Captain Id eueennnt TOTAL CQm4ISSIOm.D Marine hnnar Quartermaeter Quartenuarter Fw Clark TOTAL Clsrk hrk (A&XD) (C/MD)

23 71
4 3

iy
32 6

21 29 6 1

J

14

WARIUET OlTfctea

3 13c

6 i I

7

t6 I Pirrt
1 1 1
i i i ii i 24 i25 , .J I Ap I %I : d )O I :

=I
1 12 1
--------

4

__.___

i27

Supply Servant DrG wajorSteward, lrt Qses Cook. lat clasm Platoon Sergafmt Staff Oook. 26 alasa Qsrgaant

, I

-*I

3 1
1 3 41

51

ir

I I

Servant

15 I
10

9;

70 1 I -

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13
11

4
1

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1B

18 I Yield

at Oook .-la a." P aII*+ -*mm. .1 ML,,,

I

71

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i 7 7

11

7 7 c

chapter-l-

-Page-Jfj-(continwd)

Tnble

No.

%9y

3PECIAL TRW% YBBINE DIVISIUN

E-99
(Continued)

61

a’ 0 VA trw cs ,“A 2 a

Carbine,

.3C- C2dTGTQT
I 1

MaahinerY?S -0a lib i+o Browning, Ml919A4 .m.L oun, lib.ahfrai3 a .=alibsr , Broaning, M2 haavy-lmrrd, ---. flWLi.bl% --I Gun, rubtwmh$m, ,46~caLibw Gun, 37mm, fluI%&"-IcaI---.L_I__ 5~31, antfairaraft Ows, 75mm or 3", antitmk~ relf-propelled radioequipped @@Yy-----..---

Lwnoher,

roaketv AT, Mh -------===I=
Ml

Pistol, .4&-oalibsr Rifle * ,50-oalibsr, ShoQun, 12agauge

-

b

33 ' 6 6 6 1 2

-1~tiMI.

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X

4.

T&baa Ho. B-99

j”’d SP
w 43 P; ti PI w P; 0 w co

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UNCLASSIFIED Ohrpter -lPage -37.

STANDING OPlCRkTfNG PROC~~ SECTION I -GENEEAL

FOR SHORE PARTIES ---

1.
the responsibility their movement 2.

Definition
a.

lJ& Purpose:
charged with at the beach and

A Shore Party is a special task organization for the unloading of material and supplies to beach dumps.

ComTJosi ti0.q:

a. The Shore Party consiete of uomponents of both the Landing Force and the Naval Force. The organization,of the Landing Force component is dependent upon the tactical and logistical requirement8 of the anticipated operation (See Section XI). The Navel component is a definitely org&nieed unit known aa the Eeach Party.

3*
with the be utfllced. 4, Shore Force
eiee

Allocation

of

Shore Partiepl: will of necessity vary and number of beaches to each Landing Teem.

a. The number of Shore Parties required of the Landing Force , and the character Normally, a Shore Party ia provided for Command:

of the Shore Party ie known a% the a. The Commanding Officer Party Commander. Thie officer is normally designated by the Landing Commander, and is preferably an Engineer Officer of field grade.

and Division of the Landing

Shore Party Comma&srs
Team Shore Partiee

b.

The Landing

Force Commmderwill

aleo designate Combat Team a8 may be required to coordinate the work under their rsrpeotive control.

c, In the c&ad of two (2) or ,&ore Landing Team landin& on and the %ame beach, the firrt Shore Party Commander ashore will remain in command until the arrival 04 the Shore Party Commander of the next higher troop unit,

utilitillg

5.
of action
rystem landing
will

&l&g&& g#&$ ~oarilJ&$&t B, The Senior Troop Commander ashore
coordinate
that tone. subordinated
BUOh

and be responalblo
sonm

for unita.

in raoh rubordiosts tone the functioning of the mqply

within within

A% the operation progrkwe, Senior ‘Proop Commanders cmm will oonsolidate and operate supply inrtallb
by lower

ationc eetabltahed in

b. The suthcrrity and rssponsib$lity of unit Troop &xunandero opsrstlons will terrninatr when the ntavt higher with rctfqaeot ta Shore Party sahelon Is aBhora and functioning.
oI Paraoanel Prvm unit-4 iv@ commanders in all matter% of supply Shora Party 0pmGion. eeutioae will mgrsamt their respectand avaouation In aonneotion with the

Landing Tern ComThnderc are responsible d. assignment tables that will insure the landing equipment in thase waves permitting the timely missions. 8. When eatablfshed control over the landing deeignated and delimited The responeibility f, segregation of supplies

for the preparation of boat of Shore Party personnel and accomplishment of Shore Party

ashore, the Shore Party Commander as8umea complete beech and such other necessary adjacent areas as are by the Senior Troop Commander. of the Shore Party Commander for the movementa and. when the suppliem are placed i n beach dumpe. terminate6

(1) The protecti on and issue of these suppliee continues to be the responsibility of the Shore Party Commander until such time es the normal supply egenclee are ashore and functioning. Shore g. Beach dumps are those areas Party for the temporary storage adjacent to the beach of supplies. utilized by the

mission of the Shore Party is to insure (1) While th e primary the rapid movement of eupplies and materiel acroae the beach in accordance Shore Party Commanders muet insure judlcwith the Landing Team supply plan, ioualy located beach dump area6 in order to provide maximum diapersion.

SECT1030 I I --

. 1.

TASKS OF fRE -SHORE PARTY

a.
following beach general and determine

The Shore

Party

is responsible

for

the In

performance the vicinity

of of

the the

tarke :
(1) (2) Mark hazards to the navigation landing polntu. the moat suitable affect Force emergency boat repairr. ehips the in accordance with

(3) Evacuate
Attack Force and Landing
(4) Control

casualties to Medical Plans. boat landing, traffic in

lfaval

vicinity

of the beach. of

(5) Direct

retrection,

and salvage

boats.

(6) Hark landi ng beech limits.
(7) craft. Landing Force (9) Evacuate instructions. (10) Conetruct prisoners landing of war to facilitiee shfpa Establish the and mark unloading material of points on landing Forces from beaches. small with

(8) Unload

the Landing

in accordance

when required.

in the tone Shore Party

(11) Maintain liaison with the Senior Troop Commander withserved by that particular Shore Party, and in the case of the Senior Commander , with the Senior Commder of the Landing Force ashore.

Chapter -l-

Page

-39-

s

(12) of the beach. of

Maintal

n order

end direct

traffic

on and in

the

vicinity

vicinity

(13) Provide the beach for

bivouac, parking 6nd etorage area6 on and in the the various ekementa using the beach. movement of equipment and 6upplier landthe requirement6 of the units whioh the material and on the beech.

(14) Ineure the rapid ed on the beach in accordance with Shore Party is nerving.

euppliee

(15) Maintai n a record showing organieationa, by appropriate categories which have been landed t 1.6) Construct and maintain for beach exit
of

routes. area6 on ths of beach.

,

(17) (18) UnIta. vehicle6

Provide Maintain

decontamination map for motor for

garsed

a situation

the

information

landing to aerlat

(19) Operate an emergency damaged in landing. (20) (U) (22) Provide Perform BItabliah 1 ocal security

maintenance the beach

service
area.

such other

functiopr
with

as are asal@ed.
adjacent Shore Parties.

communications

orhore

a6 6et

(23) +intain communications with nayal veusels forth in FTP 211 Cent Con 1, and FH 31-5 plus (24) Remove underveter and beach Ob6trUCtiOn6.

and force6 6uppfrmeat.

2.

Divinion

of Tanks:
of tasks is as follows: 1. above, 1. above 1, above, are are will ftmctfunctbe

a*
ions ion6 the

The execution

(1) Sub-paragraph6 o? the Naval Component of of joint ( 2) Sub-paragraph6 the Military Component

(1) to (5) of paragraph the Shore Party. (6) to ( 21) of paragraph of the Shore Party. of paragraph

(3) Sub-paragraphs (22) to (24) responsibility of both components.

SECTION frI THE I?AVAL COMPOBENT --- THE SHORIE PABTY OF --

t
1. General : The I?aval Platoon by the Navy for eseential to the

It ie prtiided IV) which are

of the Shore Party the performance of successful operation

is known a8 the Beach Party certain naval tasks (Sectioi of the Shore Party.

Ohapter _---

-I-

Page -40-

2.

C;O%iPL?IdZ II-

The naval officer in command of the leash h.rty ie known a8 8. He acta as essfetant to the Shore Party Commander, and the Beacnmaster. a6 &vIRor on naval matters, The Shore Party b. master to perform other than emerqenoies.
3*

Commander Ps not actnorized naval functions except in Beach Party: coneiste are assigned of three to five (3) (5) naval

to order the B~achzthe case o?I' grave

Organizatim 8.

ef J&

three

(43)

The Beach Party naval enlisted. (1) PereonneP (a? (b) (c) cd) Ce) The The The The The

officers

crA. fortynamely:

6ecG ions,

Commend Section, Hydrographic Sectioc. Baat Repair Section. Communicat?on Section. Medical Section. Sectlane. supervises the operations of the Beach Party.

4.

Duties a. b.

G &

Beach Party.

The Corrinend Section The Hyd rographic (1) (2)
(3)

Set t ion :

(4)
(5)

Keeps the beach clear of boats. Makes, the hydrographlc reconnaissance. hseists in removing underwater obstructiona. Acts a6 etretcher bearers. Furnishes relief boat csews. Repair Bepairs Section: broken down and damaged boats Section and boat motors cf on

C. the beach. caallaltlea

The Boat (1) from

(2) Assists the Hydrographic the Beach to the Boats.
(3)

In the

evacuation

A~sisr;e Strip

the Hydragraphic ab an d oned boats Section: the necessary and maintains the trroy

Section

in retracting

boats,

(4) d. Beschmas ter , (2)
13)

of gly2s and equipment.,

The Comuniccrtion (11 Maintains Repair6 Aesists Provide6

communication eqtslpnent . center local

channele

fcr

the

cormxnlcatfon with

a@ requird.

(4)
ci .

the Beachmaster

serurity.

The Medtcal (1)

Section: the beach beach evacuation station6 station. on all beeches to care

Establishes

for

al9

‘beach casndties.

(21 Operates

emergency

Chapter

-l-

Page -41~

beach

evacuation

(3) Provides transportation station to the bosta.
(4) for Maintains liaison supply and 6WCUtiOn. with

of all the

casualties Medlcal

from Officer

the of the

Senior

unit

responsible

15) Keeps the Senior Medical Officer of the unit responsible for the supply and evacuation, Informed of the rate that casualties can be evacuated to shlp~, in order to maintain the flow of casualties at the maximum rate while at the seme time preventing congestion at beach evacuation stationa. 5.
of Tral nin,q w- the Beach Party: of a. the Naval The trainiw Force. of the Beach Party is a responsibility and function

SECT1019 IV -OXG~?IZATIOR 1. General : unit6 in the tagme They must be compoeed and must be trained as OF -- THE MILITARY COMPOWT ---- TRE SHORE PARTY OF

a. Shore parties must be organized operating sense a8 are the tactical units of the Landing Force. to fit the specific tactical and logistical situation a coordinated unit, prior to active operations. 2. The Basic Shore Pa&y:

a.
Shofe Party basic Shore ing required b.

Irrespective of the tactical and logistical requirements, baeic elements must be available to amphibious units at all times. Such Party elements must have the special equipment snd technical trainfor the performance of the normal Shore Party missioncl. The basic Shore Party elements are:

(1)

One (1)

(2) One (I)

Pioneer Platoon. JASGO Detachment.

(3) (4)

One ( 1) Engineer Company (Combat) One (1) JASCO Detachment.

.

In addition to these basic elements, both Marine and Army units c. will provide for each Shore Party, medical personnel trained in the performance of their epecial Shore Party duties.
Reinforcing aemente:

a. In the study of the contemplated operation, command decisiona with reference to the attachment of combat and service troops to the basic Shore Party must be made. The basic Shore Party is not intended as a complete unit. The elemente of the military component of the Shore Party must be such au to permit the effective discharge of their duties.

Qapter
. _ ___ --I l_l-~_-_.--

-10 Page 42.
--__-~~ -----

__

-r.

4.

Attached

Tactical

TXJOD~: the etc, of co-

a* Depending upon the study of the enemy poPsibilitiea within cant emplat eh area, such troop unita am anti-aircraft, anti-tank infantry, may be required. When such units are intended primarily for the defenae the beach, they must be attached to the Shore Party in order that proper ordfnetfon may be obtained. 5At tachsd Service Troop: area>vlll Party.

The logietical study of the*contemplated a. proper service troope required to reinforce the Shore normally incl&e additional troops for: (1) (2)

reveal the Such troops may

Labor.

Military

police

unite.

(5) Amphibian
(6) Motor Shore

tracdor unite. transport units. Parts:

6.

a

&&nforced

The decision with refer&e to the’compositlon of the reinforc&. ing elements of the Shore Party must be made at an early etage snd these elements immediately attached in order that coordinated training under the Shore Party Commander may be commenced.

7.

Relief

af Attached

Uni$a:

Attached unite will be relieved by the Commanding Offiqer who e. attached such units, when they are no longer required for Shore Party operations, or when their services are required elsevhere to ioaurs the aucce~s of the operation.

8.

Distinctive

&&&

(Clothea)

&

m

Pm

Perla

:

Shore Party personnel will a. identified ed 80 that they can be readily

have their clothes on the beach.

distinctively

(1) Markings will consiata of a one (1) inch square on the front and back of the steel helmet, a horizontal atripe one (1) inch by three (3) inches on the outer aide of each trout%er leg below knee. (2) red (paint) (3) (paint) Shore Party personnel markinge on clothes. Shore Party markings. pe rsonrlel assigned assigned shore to ship detail will have will have

platoone

white

SECTION V -TRAINING -- T3E SIiCUE PAIUY OF 1. General : of the Shore Party is a functof both (the military and naval) by arrangements between the

a. The training of the military element.8 ion of the Landing Force. The combined training componenta of the Shore Party shall be conducted military and naval echelons concerned.

Chapter -10 Page -439

2.

Training

Ob.lec t Ives :

a. The training of all components of the Shore Party will be directed toward the attainment of proficiency in operating a6 a coordinated team under the Shore Party Commander in support of an amphibious operation.
30

Traininq&& a. Training (1) of

Baeric the

Shore

Party: Party of all shall Share include: Party functions.

basic Shore
knowledge

A thorough

( 2; ‘1’11e ekllXed
(3)

use of all

weapons

and equipment.

Vigorous

physical

training.

Engineer b. engineer missions in after the completion
4. Troinillg af

element6 crhall in addition, train for the normal combat order that their eervicea may be effectively utilized of the Shore Party operation.
&&g&&&g

Llementq:

Reinforcing elements shall be trained in their normal functions a. When attached to Shore Partiee, under the rupervision of their own commadder8. theee elements vi11 be made available to the Shore Party Commander for training in the specific missions aesfgaed.

SECTION VI -SHORE PARTY STAJF PLAXNING FOR A SPECIFIC -a -__I1. General: are stressed in all available information Shore Party should be made OPERATIOH

a. While control and flexibility operations, tentative plane based on all ar early as practicable. 2. made. beach & a. Based and of Reconnaiseance:

A study of al.1 avtlilable ma,ps and aerial photographs should be on this information tentative plans for the organization of the the possible beach dump areas should be prepared. PA gf w :
mtl6t

Tactical

a. Shore Party Commanders a6 a whole and of the d.etailed plan

of

plan be acquainted wi th the tactical the unit to which they are attached. the unit to which the at the Shore Party Com-

order of (1) A copy of th e operation Shore Party is attached must be available mand Post at all times.
4.

Combat 8. unit

Sun~ly: will be familiar with the plan for supply

of the

Shore Party Commanders to which attached.

UFli,i..<

:, .,./

’>..’

CWkptrr

-1-

Page -44,

- --N--w

5.
markings

Authorised

Markin-; Party (1) (3) personnel will be familiar

a.
for!

Shore

with the authorized

Supplies.

(2) Organieational
Equipment Shore

property.
within the unit. Duties:

as established

6.

Allocation

ef

Party

a.
will allocate location will

After a study of all available information, Shore Party Commanders This alspecific duties to units or members of their commands. the actual reconnaiseance of the be subject to change after

beach e

SECTION VI I -SHIP TO SHORR &1OVEMENT-m- THE SHORE PARTY OF --P 1. General :

Elements of the Shore Party must be landed in proper sequence a. and given sufficient priority to insure not only the success, but also the proper control of all Shore Party functions, In common with other troop units, tactical considerations govern the landing of Shore Party personnel. In no case, will Shore Party personnel be aseigned boat spaces merely to fill up the boat.

b.

The Reconnaieeance

Sectiog:

should. fantry

Section
a8 the c. &

(1) The Reconnaissance Section of the military component normally go ashore with the leading wave of the reserve incompany. The Beachmaster, and personnel of the Hydrographic shall go ashore in the same wave, but not in the same boat, Reconnai8sance Section. Communicatiqn Section: of and naval the Re-

(1) The Communicati on Sections of both the military components must go ashore in the wave next succeeding that connaissance Section. d. in to the The Remaininq (1) accordance aleme-:

The remaining elements of the Shore Party should with the tactical and logistical requirements. Shore Party must be ashore

go ashore

A11 elements of the e. landing of a.ny suppli es.

&ad organfzed

prior the asaign-

of the Beach Party, especially (1) The va r i 0~6 sections Boat Repair Section, should be given high priority in the boat ment table.

ChaJJtvr -l- Page -45-

2.

Bulldozers a. shall prior High

gg$ Tractorq: landing priority will be afforded all Shore Party bulldozers.

(1) Should pallet loading be utilized, insure the landing of uufficient tractors to the landing of pallets.

Landing Team CommmbrB to operate at the beach

SECTION VIII -OPERATION OF THE SHORE PARTY -v-p 1. General a.
an extent

: Party operation wfll involve different problems to such Knowing the duties required, fixed details or units. imposed by the availability of a and the limitations the Shore Party Commander must formulate a flexible as conditions change. siow, of duties and personnel, as given These sections or platoons are: in this section,

Each Shore
ws to psohibit

the immediate conditions manpower and equipment, plan that nay be altered 2. is intenkd Shore mm

Subdixi

The allocation as a guide only. (1) (2) (3)
(4) (5)

(6) in order

Headquarters. Shore Platoon. Service PPatoon. Ship Platoon. Communication Section. Raval Platoon (Beach Party). sub-divided

Each of the above sections or platoons may be further b. to perform the required missions. (See Plate II). g&g&g
a.

Q,g m

&&ion4

u

Phtm~

:

The Headquarters

Section: all Shore Party beach with activities. dumps, the unloading troop points, commander the beach in roadthe zone. Party

t.11 Controls
Selects (2) Ways and exits.

sites for
contact a situation the the public Shore

(3)
served. (4) serve@. (5)

Maintains Maintains @@rates Operates

senior the system,

mrrp for address Party

zone that

Shore

Medical

Section.

Chsptsr

-l-

Pa&8 -46-

-

-m-w

b.

Tne Sirore (1) (2)
(32 (41

Platoon: traffic lateral end prevents movement of congestion traffic the on the beach. at a minimum.

Directs Keeps Controls Supervises Effects

on the beach beach areas. of war.

stragglers the

within

evacuation repairs

of prisoners to vehicles

(5)

emergency

damaged in

landing.

engineer tasks including beach demolitions, beach (6) Executes roadways, mine field removal, of landing facilities, emergency repair and decontamina .tion. (7) 0. rect Provides

for local
Platoon;

defense.

The Service (1) Unloads to selected (2)
(3)

eupplies and equipment beach dumps. a record out other of classes

from

boats

moving

material

di-

Maintain8 Carries

of material as are

landed.

labor duties

aaoigned.

d.

The Ship Platoon: (1) Bnrniaher the lab or details Section: and-maintain8 the following Co~uiCatiOn

for the unloading

of

the

ships.

B.

The Communication Installs, (a) Weerage

(1) agencies:

operates, Center.

(2) The bkosage
messenger (3) service Operates (a) (b) (c) (d) beach

Center only. radio

operates

cant inuously;

it

provides

in the

following

nets: Ret.

Ship to Shore Administrative Shore Party Lateral Bet. Shore Party Bet. Battalion Shore Party Bet.
with the

(4) Connects switch board served by Shore Party.
(5)

senior with

unit adJacent

operating Shore

on the

Establishes

wire

communication

Parties, the

Ship

(6) Establishes visual to Shore net deecribed

channel (lamp in Je(3) (a),

and/or above.

Flag)

to parallel

Chapter

-I-

Pw

-47-

(7) f.

Is prepared of

to operate the Naval

panel

station. have been outlined in Section 111,

The duties

Platoon

SXCTION IX -BEACH WRS --I__1. Plate 2. I, General a. : and landing point markers will be in accordance with AND BXACH ORGANIZATION

Beach markers attached. &g PlacQg

Priorltv

m: be placed the beach

a. Beach ing point markers.

flank markerr will When applicable, Marker&:

prior to the
center marker for

point marker

placing

of any landmay be used.

3*
will

Landing

Point

a. A minimum of one (1) be required for each beach.
(1) tm86
Of

landing

point

each type

of

supply

and

In the aelecti on of these 8~plie6, dus consideration to the type of eupply.

landing po_int markers, must be given to the

for various tactical plan,

(2) Those euppliee such as gasoline ed, by enemy action , should be so situated poeslble protection. b. Unloading Suitable Suitable point* should posreer

and ammunition readily as to be afforded the characteristica:

destroymaximum

the following

Convenient

landing point. egress from beach. location with respect

to dump areae.

SECTION X -BEACH DUMPS -1. General a. t Party wiil establish dumps in the beach area for:

The Shore

I:{ (3) (4) Ia{ (7) Miscellaneous
AJImltlitioa. Rations. Water. Vehicles. Gasoline. Medical.

supplies.

Chapter

-l-

Page A&

The medical point normally may be used for casualty evacuation, b. However, in order to expedite the removal of casualties from shore to ship, they may be evacueted at any point ao designated by the Shore Party Commander and approved by the Beachmaster. 2. a study personal LOC8tiOQ of hII.l.I: selected be confirmed from by

a.

Prior to landing, d~zp locations will be tentatively These locations will of maps and aerial photographs. reconnaissance immediately upon landing.

Ordtnarily, on each beach there will be established one (1) dump b. Due consideration must nevertheless be given to the for each type of supply. tactical requirementsr to the control of Shore Party personnel, and to the efbefore making final decision as to the number of fects of enemy air action, dumps for the various types, and claseess of supplies.

3.

_Dumx,Charactsristi~:

8.

Dump areas

should

possess

the

following a wide res;ect

characteristics: dispersal to unloading and of supplies. points.

(1) Sufficient
(2) tabli cover Convenient

area

to permit with

location

(3) Accessibility both from seaward shed for the movement forward.
(4) Concealment
is desirable

from the road net esnatural

from air and ground observat ion by use of but not at the sacrifice of di epersion.

4.
lation

Stacking:

a.
of with

Dumps will t raffic. (1) : (a) (b) Within

be laid

out

in such a manner supplies will

as to permit

free

cfrcu-

each dump,

be segregated

in accordance

Type.
Caliber. will be of such size as to reduce loss incurred by enemy

b. action.

Stacks

Chance

of &)&IQ Am:

Shore Party Commanders will constantly be alerted to the possible R. either by rearon of changes in necessity for change of location of dump areas, the tactical situation, or because of the fact that the quantity of supplies brought ashore exceeds the capacity of the dump area.

SECTION XI -P LAJDIFG -SHIPS ---

Chapter

-1”

Pbg* -4+

w--w-'1

1.

Cenerp t: operations a6 outlined necessitates for ship to

I.%,> ‘1.22(if 1ur~dinp t~k!;(,s in amphibious a. procedure a variation hi;,o*>. ;,;:d: ~o,.Wb ;ih!,:re Party nhore landing boat&.
2.
Beaoht np, - -. vf &&t a. the (1) (2) beapkf hi of The location the for bhip

~111 be aa directed f~ based on the

bY the Navy + hydrographic survey.

beaching take ship

1~81 Plan
DhIi l

Naval offi cers must and must beach the Ooerations:

of the Landing Force Tactcognizance in such an area aa to support this

3=

TJnloadSna

Under average conditions a bulldozer or heavy a. This should be RO loaded as to be the first vehicle out. muat remain near the vicinity of the shfp to eseist other that may become stalled. b. ed point of various Once started, landing. (1) ilaloading will proceed

tractor with winch piece of equipment pieces of equipment at the Select-

to completion

Shore Party Commanders will plan initial types of eupplfee In accordance with the (a) lb) Pallet or normal contalnsr. The amount of equipment available

dump areas for the method of loading: s’lch ettpplle~. then dis-

to handle

to the persion

Priority shall be given to the unloading of the c. This does not however, forward movement of supplfes. of supplies in the beach area shall be overlooked.

ship rather imply that

SECTION XII --

P.iiLl&TS
1. General: acquaint themeelves with the type of extent to which pallet loading will

Snore Party commanders ehall pallet Ti be used by their units and the be employed for the operation.

(1) The Seni or Shore Party Commander shall advise the Senior Landing Force Commander as to the type and number of vehicles, either wheeled or tracked, required to expeditiously remove pallets from landing boat e a

abaptor -10 Page -5O-

2.

Inland

Movement

&

Pallets,

While it is essentiB1 that every effort be made to expedite the a. removal of pallets from boat@ to shore, Shore Party Commanders should not neglect to move pallets to inland dump areas as promptly au possible.

SECTIOgl XIII _L_BZACH DEFEEJSE --1. Resaonsibili 8. for tyt Party Commander Pa reeponaibls of Troops for

The Shore

for hie
the

local

oecuritp. rerpoaaible the Shore employment

(1) The Commanding Officer the defenee of the beach.

sane is

(2) When tact1 ca 1 unit8 are attached ;gbFlrtY Coanrender @hall be re8pOn0lbl@ for of such unite,

to the Shore Party, the proper tactical

Shore Party Comnmndere ah&U ertsblirh an air e. the beeoh area, He ahall prepare pl~r for the protection noms1 agsinrt both eurprised and warned air attackr.

raroing 8ystea for of Shore Party per-

3*
the

kw
a. berrch

?hUlSiQ~
The Share rhoald that

h:
Party Commander will emergency arlae. greparo plan* for the dsfenrs of

Chapter

-l-

Page *l-

UNCLASSIFIED
BEACH FLANK

MARKERS

LEFT F'LANK MARKER BEACH RED

RIGHT FLANK MARKER BEACH RED

LEFT FLANK MARKER BEACH RED TWO

RIGHT FLANK MARIEER BEACH RED TWO

BEACH CENTER MARKERS

CENTER BEACH RED

CENTEFi BEACH RED TWO

NOTE:

Beach Beach

flank center

markers markers

to be 12' to be 6'

long and 23' square.

wide.

Chapter

-l-

Page -52.

U~~~~.~~~i~! ED

WIiEELED VEHICLES

B)UIIRJlTXOB

N0l-X: SUPPLIPS

hll landing point markers (day) eha be 6t square.

Chapter

-1-

Page

-53-

#Rp‘yqTi’-: 1$JC!$+$J& L , r.“J

Initially the Commander Expeditionary Force commands all 2. organieatlone at all objective6 through Interrelated attack force or group comand air defense as it become6 available manders. He command6 support aircraft, at each objective through command channels designated by him.

task

The Commanding General Expeditionary Troop6 will be embarked 30 in the flag ship of the Commander Joint Expeditionary Force or stationed atahore and will command all landing and garrison forcer that when the situation requires, including the reseve troop6 engwed are arhore. Since the employment of troope, ia eubject to the capabilities of the surface unit6 In the reizure of objectives, to land and support them, directives issued by the Commanding General speditionary Troop6 aa to the major landings or as to the major change6 in tactical plan6 during the amphibious stage6 require the approval of the Commander Joint tipeditlonary Force before they are issued. At each objective, the related Commander Porte will COW 4. mand the landing force through the related Commander Landing Force from ship-tothe landing force will be under ehore operations. For ehore-to-shore operations, the direct commend of the Commander Landing Force, and naval craft and supporting AS soon forces will be under the commend of the Commander Attack Force concerned. a6 the Commander Landing R’orce determines that the status of the landing operation6 permits, he will aseume command on shore and report that fact to the related Commander At tack Force, Landing Forces, after their respective commander6 have a66umed 5. command.on shore, will be under the over-all command of the Commanding General XXpeditionary Troops. Garrieon force commander6 (island commanders) are initially under the command the Commander Landing Force. Garrison force (island) commenders will exercise direct commend over units of the garrison forces except The Commanding General Expeditthose temporarily attached to the landing forcea, ionary Troop6 will retain command of all forces eetablishedjon each objective until the officer commanding the operation has determined the situatldn.%t such that the capture and occupation phase at that objective may be considered completed. The Officer Commanding the Operation will then direct that command of all force8 at that ob.jective pass to the Garrison Force or Island Commander.

Attack

of

6. each objective, initially the related Commander Attack Force commando support aircraft through the Commander Support Aircraft embarked in hle flagship from the time that the aircraft arrive on etation until their departure for recovery by the parent carrier. Prior to their reporting on station and after departure for recovery, these aircraft will operate under command of their respective carrier group or unit commander. When the Landing Force Aircraft Commander bar been established on ohore, he will, under the Commander Landing Force, cornmEnd troop support aircraft.
fiesponsibility for air defense will pass from the Commuder Sup7. port Aircraft to the Air Defense Commander ashore when BO directed by the Commander Attack Force. The Officer designated as the Air Defense Commander, or an Officer designated to act for him, will report for operational control to the Commander Support kircraft. He will proceed ashore at the earliest practicable time and act under the Commander Support Aircraft, as directed, in matters pertaining to air defense. He will act in such capacity until such time a6 full responsibilty for the air defense of the base passes to him. If the Commander Attack Force ie to be temporarily abesnb from the objective area, he will delegate the responsibility for air defense to such other commander, afloat or ashore, as he msy deem appropriate, In thir event, the Air Defense Commander will report to the commander so designated. ‘

At

ohypter

-1.

PM:,

-56-

The Officer Commanding the Operation will determine and announce when the capture acd occupation phase is completed, whereupon the Commander Forward x~ea will assume responsibility to him for the defense and and development of position8 captured. The organization and administration of the captured positions and of the defense forces assigned will then conform to the directives issued by the Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, to fhe Commander Forward &MA aad to the Garrison or Island Commanders concerned. When l;he situation permits, the Commander in Chief, Pacific 9. Ocean Areae will sslfe~e the Officer Commanding the Operations of the responsibility for all poeltione captured. Thereafter, Commander Forward Area will be responsibility direct to the Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean the newly captured position8 will be incorporated Into the Forward Area, and their garrisons Into the tack force commanded by the Commander Forward Area.

6.

Areas,

Chapter

-I-

Page -57-

u. s. NATX
ADVAECY BASE UNITS u~CLA~~I~~~~ GLOSSABY OF Txms FOR AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS

IJOB - A aelf-sustaining, Advance B8ae Unit including the stendard, ready, Component6 of a maJor all-purpoee Base. It rnA,taina tschAical 6hop6, fully e’quippad, and pereoRnel of sufficient n:xber and training, to perform voyage repairs nnd repair minor battle damage for a major portion of the fleet, It includes repair fe,cillties equivalent to a fleet repair ahip, plus all special eqlipmant visually provided by a submarine tender and a destroyer tender; Avlm)~!?~ fRri:ftiea will be I, 7 .r! ’,,,,” * -7 m%lly ‘I the furnIshed with each Lion Unit if desirer! 8~6 aviation facilitiee will consist of four Acorv ‘.I RTI~Zerlfine ovsrhaul Component and such other Componente neceasazy tt p+\rform its miesion. !I!ha Construction Battalions necessary to cons:(;rt~ :t a Lion with aviation facilitieo will be supplied when reque81ii3ds ~ormel4, five ~onstmctfon Battalion8 would be required. Thri Gonetructlon Battalione construct and maintain its roRd6, housing for p~reonnel, technical buildings, water, lighting and comrNnication e.v?tents and other utilitiee and public works neceaoary to eet up a~..” qpt?rate the bass. The coxrplement (excluding any aviation facilitie~~ but including 3 4 a’@) Its weight pe%a3 for shipment fa Ite cube packed for shipmert ie 127,!j@ meaeured tone. - AA a@aembly of equipment and trained personnsl, which caa be ueed au a whole or in part to esterblish and advanced fuel snd eupp4 base, capable of furnishing support without repairs for a small taek group It aleo contains herbor dsfenss, harbor contrO1 of light forces. Aviation facilitier and operation facilities aad trained personnel, will be furnished with each Cub Unit, if desired htnd requested. bionnally the aviation facilities will consist of two Acorn6 and such The Constnlctioa other Components neceesary to perform its miaeion. Battalion8 necessary to construct a Cub Unit with aviation facilitiee will be eupplled when requested. Eormally two Construction Battaliong would be required. I ta complement (excluding aviation facilibut inoludin~f two Construction Battalions) la 195 officer8 Its weight packed for shipment is z&e19 long tons. end Jr727 men. Ito cube packed for shipment ie 58,664 measured tone.

the

Acoaa - An airfield

aaeembly designed to accompli& thg rapid construction and operation of a landplane and eeaplane adv~tnce Dam, or in COAthe quick rspair and operation of junotion with amphibious operations, Each airfield assembly will consist of two 8 captured enemy airfield. 6,000 foot runway etrips of pierced plank landing mat, together with the ERch xi11 be necessary airfield or seadrome conetruction equipment. eo equipped that when furnishes with a Casu ~zi?. 2 Patsu, it can serrearm and perform minor repairs an,,-I WULULB u?keep for the planes vice, of one Carrier Group or it.8 equivalent end 0~s patrol Plane Squadron. An Acorn without the Casu. or Patsu will inclu20 sufficient personnef to maintain the aviation facilities in operrii7;:; condition, to provide for service casual planes, to On8rRte tnair warning system, field lighting, transportation and medical f;-..ll1.ties and to maintafn the berthing and messing facilities to ‘o>+ used by the CRSU arxd 1 ts complement f Including Constructioa or Patou and aircraft crews. Batt&on but not the personnel sup?lied by tau Fleet) is 6rS officer8 packed for shipment, iB 15,270 lo&l: tons. and 1,‘jgO men* it6 weight It6 cube packed for shipment is 25,907 mea~ur‘t+d tons. shore whose function is Carrier A&r Group vicing, rearming, eWy administrative the equipment and based carrier Group Service Personnel Unit to support the flight operations of a chore-based including the operation of ~111 facilities, aerminor repairs, and, routing upkeep and all necesA Caeu has no enuipment but depend8 on duties. facilities of HI Acorn.
,*,I : i ..J

CASU- A tralned

Air

Chapter

-l-

P-e

-5$-

f ;yir k t 3”- \- 1r r-= t i I- D .k 4‘6i-2l,lt\)lj;

PA!fw

- A detaohmant of the Fleet Air King Bsadqunrters Squadron which performs the functions of that Squadron for a detached part of the Wing, FIJXT AIR WIX’C HEADC$JARTERS SQJIABRON - All enlisted xrereonnel of patrol wing who are not part of the combat flight crews. It includes all officers not nembsrs of the wing staff or the combat flight crews. It may include certain officers of the wing staff who are performing additional duties in the headIt contsina personnel and equipment adeouate quarters squadron, in support the flight operations of the aircraft attached to the operational command of the wing including the operation of the facilities provided, line maintenance, servicing, rearming, minor repair snd routine upkeep and to perform all necessary administrative duties* WIEOR REPAIR AM2 ROUTINE UPKEXP - All repairs not requiring extensive shop equipment. They include engine changes; inspection, adjuetmsnt and replacement of structural parte; inspection adjustment and replacement of engine parts (including engine RCceseoriee) outside the crank case assembly; replacement of defective instruments; in fact, all a&justment, repairs or replacements that can be accomplished in the field including cleaning and painting. MMOR REPAIRS - Any repairs requiring extensive shop equipment. The equipment and specialized maor repair-e are similar to that required for shope or specialized personnel to accomplish major overhaul* and a

MAJOR OLDHAUL (Airplane overhaul) - The disassembly, inspection, ropair of, and incorporation of mandatory changes in, and aircraft structure. It includes the replacement of engines, accessoriBa, iIiStrUm0nt8, radio and ordnance equinment with similar new or itemu to the end that the overhauled airplane be reetored to a condition closely approximating its original performance and strength.

overhauled

CWERHWL - The complete disassembly, inspection, and replacement or of prescribed rspair of parts (together with the incorporation changes) of BT~ airplane subassembly or equipment item in order to restore that component to approximately its original etate, Is termed overhaul. Thie tern: applies to engines, propellers, instruments, radio and ordaancs equipment and structural parts and to all other airplane and engine accessories. - The replenishment of the supply of fuel, oil, and other consumable items in order to prepare <an eirplane It includes line maintenance and excludes rearming.
SERVICIhG

oxygen, food, for flight.

ARMh'G AMI REmiTNO - An operation that replenishes an airplane with prescribed stores of ammunition, bombs, and other armament items including replacement of defective ordnance equipment, in Order to make the plane ready for combat service. RXPLACEMELTS - The replacement and structural mite. of any part
of

a plane

including

engine

U~!~~~“~~~,~! FlED
Chapter -IPage 59

COMPARISObTE

PZRSO~~

- -_I HARINX AND INFAKT!RY I7IVISIONS

Hq & Hq Co (T/O & E 7-2) HP Pltn (T/3 80 E l+'I) Sig Co (T/O & E U-7) Tank Bn (T/O F-80) (Tank units drawn from Corpe)

H&s co (T/O s-79) 3 Tank Cos (T/O ~-76)
Service Troops (T/O F-7O)t Service Bn (T/O F-65): Hq Co (T/O F-64)

(Most (Serv

service Co in

Wita Inf

drawn

from

Corps11

Xegt)

Ord Co (T/O & E MT Bn (T/O F-60); H&S Co (T/O 3'~59)-&T M't'ce 3 Trans Cos (T/O F-56)-Med Bn(T/O

9-&-all

l4ct ICEI
may

(MT decentralized in Inf Regte; be pooled by I&v) W (Truck) Co (T/O A E 1047) (Listed under Medical below)

3’.55)r

3 Collecting 1 Clearing
I sections I

;tIs 8s Hq Det (T/O 80 E 8-16) Cos (T/O & E S-17) Co (T/O 80 E &la)

~~~L~~~~FlE~

Chqptsr -1. Page 60.

Individual SLndt o~ganfuatiooal eqoipms?lt afatbrized by Table of Bqulpan*iat .

b.

$&$.y f&xi;: q+,$i:ppma;l$; B es %a&& lz&&P&brgam 1 &gi~~~.. (T&+3 o~c$~%u~ts~a.L& riwto?i? a&n@@ TW~kR)

IX

5*

supplem gres@rai (h&s or par&d

ac.@.p&m%;clepating carrd txwfa~iLia,, WImpons c4aar%d moecx ataint

II

Ml eoellaneous sapplier, expendable and Bow T/P, cws, Medical, Engineer, (inclade fortiffcattion mterialOrdaance)* Qpartermaster, and Signal supplis I.

; jhlF9 PPf!Pfr..ii’,;?.ri-f&.jii*1CD

61.

d;i%@*, I_,-_t;clf^$& ijy 1.<‘(p ld. ___,/lrl_X ^, ,,_. I--.L-.*ri ~y’g$,f /~SqdWIxr .-I..----. b-,w--~-._ >-l_--hm-,.m ----..-._ -II .-r-l 1I-ldafeo _._tr---m-w--

I
I

36
12
I

I

57 /I

I

-- --- ~-I-_ ---_ _--_“.--r: 1.&-m-------__ -_--P,ck c-II-__ -.----""1-

I I

I

I

24 24

64

i

-.-----L-p

__--_

P.ym4L-..“.-oger., 2 wh-.&-ZuapH -.*--.__--.-....i----2 cabli3 It f l-ad

I

m.rGL-ALA Shwrel --^%.-a.
-T-r-.^I--alG;cP)r

-q lxtxteim __I.-‘, -bi trnr\l w nnnC.

Vyr “, engr . l_.l.---i-r-* tmdt I eet no. 1. elec.. I-“-”HeldPnz .-I-

trier

mtd.

I

1

r) 1

I

$8~ brr,--."^--- ".A. .... nsrsonnal i., ""C.." .. . ...^ -____ __"_ j J.r.s!:on '&~p~;;rs~ j
r i 1-” --I__ .-1---cI

half-track,

M3Al 3
I

5

I i _. ;i; hriy:,t,L:,,;i;

\

-z;i:” c.’

“i

*a” ‘*” d;>

i--

--

&Q&&F&&&JOX

LTPlMS OP b;QUTPHE&Vf - H.k&XXE XL+..+:.::,jWEY _---_-r__I___*_rC_____R__.

D1~pl~~(‘~~~

-_I____---...--I-.---LILII-.-_ -._ ?-.--.YYL. fi,t i t.-A.-.--_ ‘%‘- .--, ----II-I----.... 4 -.+-.. wl**-&..-1--I-I-----. -_. -- --A -.-i I

IE4Immw DIV. -.--

I

-I
--

/J g ;; ;*,:

” 1 -9-M-M

Chapter -l- Page 64.

&iWiiRSRiBA’l’X~

OB~UTXOB

OF A IU!XtIKRWW

I *-a 1 *** Uaagodfa u. Da. I
l e*

I
I

31
13

I
1

4 2 1

I I

555 I 390 I

1 I 3 I

0 i

12

I

I T8Ikk Plrwon, I
I
hjahibiur

uw, I T8nk

hdlpr
tight

I~m6 I ~16 B-81

1

5

[

1 144 1

I l I
5
1

I 4
1 [ 110 68

I I

2 I e4

I I

I

I I I

Bpeotal AT Uoapoar Btry. 40 88 AA Plrtooa

hotor En.
Aaphibiu

I E50I 21I llw
00. 1 s-1016 1

] Armrod )Isdiarl

Praator

ao.

Ir-56
r-61

I

5 I l I IT4 I OI o I 251
4 1 1
lf 1
I

l/ +

I I 71 Qp

I I

Yo tor Tr8Paport uomp8ny
Ord&8noo Platoon

110
30

r,

8 b I Putoon Jl.P ePl8taon JAW0 Botaohamt
I

r-62

311

v-90
r-77

I
I

11
1

I@l
I

I
25

I
!

I
I

I

.-

Smut Plrtooa

lactfon I +*Band

I

*94

I
I 1 g

I 1* I 29 I
5 1 I 1 1 1 193 I I31 197

I
I

I
I

I
I

I *** lb&.co.

**+ co. r- cs
+++ Pioneer Co,

I-*

)Corp.

1 *31 71-43 ‘A” t-36

I

21294 I
I

1 BP.

+ 1 w/o in Dirioion. i I A

uhaptor -1.

Pa&p

65.

UNCLASSIFIED
w. (habe~ )ielgPt, St~ildard. Am&dbiaum lorcsr.

Tdmpter

-1, Page 66.

---

I--

--

--

--

-

fCrnrn8 ixgm T/33&.
-To be xaad us I guide

cm P
for planmitq

AA .liiATPTAZbIOII 155aa &Pp) (I@88 combat loading-

. -.**“I--

I

I

I

I

I

Aaibulanco.

4 tan.

4x4

1

742

I

&ml

I

I

I

I

I

I

t

l IL? ,,-A

unlliI

II

A 3

I I

ilfY

I31
131

t I

lU!w

1 I

UNCLASSIFIED
-___-_ l -____l______--__-l_I_I --

Forward and.R.Ech. T/&L Equipment To be used as a guide for planning --u-----,-----__-------

of a Mer.
combst

AA Bn, (less loading. --------_1

155mmgrpj
L-----+---+.-

SWY

: AssauL t Bear Echelon

Ship

tons

7226.3 1,05?*8

2,108.b 314.1

Short tons

* Estimate - weight

and cube.

bbpter

-;I- Pm

68.

--a---

< “\,‘i i i iti; (ii, :ti jm- “i a J i iI

IED
_ , , . r = \x CI/>WW. ~~~R”*~.,sr,.. i I i z4 A ,-,,/WX /I,% I .x rr

11% ” 1
l>N&

.“,

.

I

\ .{

p I ! : I

2 g b..,$;r:, r: p :I _~” t I-wIIrs .F;’
$><; g>; 3 a.“: ,I >&“‘ y.7 1 ----,,, ; .> L -e_ Ir .I <

19~” .I. ^ ,

I’ +

-_ _

‘ _ ’ .><i _ -,^.~ ; ,, .---l”---~ ?$ 4 .:vg-

qt.-. ‘1 ,*~‘; P‘* .L “. . \I “. .x. xanc--tr> 1 :rj-

.A _ .. _L I . :

-;],y:

i.

/’

1 7,

1 4: t: f c.+ 4 1” c + B 4. “, d +r* 6 AL 1 1 -Tj* v* 1 @ e i F-4 1 .i _ a* i6 +* j’ .! ”W”
.-7,.” s,, */ B I_ *, 2 . .‘? r1: :x A.,-* ..,- __1_u__

I

, I(i)

I/

I

/

I

i (31 I (9) I

i

‘::lr: ,~ _L -” Ir ;:“,,, : -. --_-.-.-, “, I_y;f,{,.;.” <

..-.. II : & 7

“.__._.------% ‘3 p

k 0.: 1 SJS --,.a%?, i’. I “- j . j_ ^ .” I.I_L._ c I’;-, *b --..II_“.CII-IY ,r;.-I . r ( 6 ‘t-3 ‘.l,( i 1’ .,“l,l-~III”“.I-.-.-+i,:. ( * ‘ “,id ; 12 I. ^ . ” I. ” “, -,. I -_ l_“__y-.~ -_..“.7;. .,k A~<’ ‘. ’ ” 4v 4.7..- II .I.“_ _I .y,,y”.AL.I...-_I-C,,.-. I$(<2 tp::.j; “‘rr.f-J::,[,: I . ” I,.I ; qi-2 e >? * _.-_I _._I-- -,” -^_ :._I .Lw- , ..,,,.fl,” ‘18 ,- ::c L 3-E : 1 j $. i “.I‘I..~--I-.------. ,‘>T.T.-< T,,>;j‘ f” . _ I’ ‘ii .:,.m.,~.“a -,-> ; I. a I_ - -, _ . ” .,.. .,” -I_ --.--.----.
! .” ,..* ,y ._.c ““. :‘; ( .r ‘/

3

d L.,“W1.,. -_ -I~
L4 i:h 6; z

1 . . -, : ’ (7 Wit .. 6 i~d?fr”?P”s-%

b ‘Thir unit provides vaseelr at porte. Unleadine; capaci tyr per company0

labor 1, la,

trsined

fn loading

and unloading

measwement

tons per 8 hour day

chapter _ _. .-_--~--.~__ -__

-l-

Page 70.

~141+1~1 819
ii!
-4 VO 44% 0 w-j k-303 .4 l 3%

J?*

211G -5113
T:, tal corn! e-5 a oned .,

: :.-te

?r!.I-st

elsse

. 1 3 _-” &...~--~r-,. _-_

.-

-._ A.’ _ I. _, --‘“fs!L “1,(3 -

--

--t_

I
-l.PAGE -71-

1

f

I

I

l-1 ~!~~-~~S~~~ ED

CWTTR

TMNEPOBTATION

COWS BQ AND EfQ DPT, PORT 33ATTALION * and Heerdqurartere Bat ts1ior.l Detachment, . . . . . Port

Dssi$netion:

Headquarters

( con timed)

* (mir haodquarters Bat taxions will ‘al tuat1on.

is capable be organized

of controlling in accordmae

six with

port companiee~ the local

cmmm

-1.

PBO~ -72I ~_

- ---1-_ ----~~ --

$J\&J

$yYJ!‘\“~; -... c.,

FCVMARDAED REAB ECBEUOI SQUIFNEl@ OF M AmY fBE##WY DIY!SIOII
A8 distributed
for

Amphibious

Operation8

aqulpment TOTALS

and towed guns)

I 1

I

I

I

I

WHT

CLLlrBSUWOUB

Auth. T/O&E

Imum EmU)B mRAM?a
I

EBAR ll%lmm mlAaR

7

I

I

77th Div.

27th Dir

I

Chapter

- 1 -

Page - 73 -

JLrp1Bribplll$r

FOl?WARL' AND REAR ECXiXON N$JIHEHT

OP AN AFiMY INFKfi'l'RY DIYISIOt3

chicle

Breakdown

(Contt.)

Trailer. Twer. Trailer,

water Athey water

5
purification

I

11
2 2

53
I

4

1

4

Truck, Truck, Truck,

4 ton, Amphibian 4 ton 3/4 ton

I

1
38

1

1

I

56

Truck,

1% ton,

WC

I

I

-I

Wrecker,

10 t<n

I

11

5

I

3 1431 (1332 w/o carts)

I

b

t

TOTAL VEEICLES EKBARXXD:

1442

.

Chapter

-1-

Page -74-v

SUF'PLT

CEAIBOlrC010UIJD.......,,......
mm?ALsuPPLIms*........,,.*.. AbWURITIOR

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~~~~~!~~~~~~~~~ I: chapter -2Page -l-

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SPEELIHS

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@-.--r2 n u I /* Q e

~~~~~I-~SSl~l~
chapter -2PRee -3-

LEGEND : -am.-

---------_

-

Requisition for Flow of supply, Requisition for Flow of supply,

garrison needs. garrison use. operation needs, operation use.

cheptar -2-

Page A

da&mwm --a---

CLAW III

SUPPLIES (con'd,)

SOUTH PACIFIC

MA

LEGE.ND:
-.-

---------d---3-

- -.-

Requisition for garrison needs. Flow of supply, garrison use. Requisition for operation needs. Flow of supply, opwatlon use.

chapter -2.

Fags -5-

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SHbQBoLSOF U.S.

NAVT SHnPs,
Lcu( 3> LW6) LCP(LI LCP(R) LCPW :;:I;; LOS(L) LCS(S) L(3T( 5) LCT( 6) LCP LWP LSD x&T LSV LVT( 1) LVT( AI) LVT( 2) 50r landing craft6 mechs*iaad, MC III mechadzed LLtmding craft, 368 aatng craft, p-sonnel (auger J6l lm.Kli5.g craft, perttroano1 (with XWI~)

fa r tender OA ahip Prcl~it-$foA t3tors cup
Mfi3csXll3A%o7.ao &uxiliEUy Combined oporat ione coarmunica-

tfom headquarters ship
AGP AM Ali dx X&or torpedo boat tender SllrvsylAg ebip Hospita.1 ship carga veae%l carge T?aee%l* attlmk Refrigerated cargo reosel

L&AdfAg Craft, (nm tea)

p~r13Omel

%I WI AE A0 A00 AP APA APO APE APM ml imE AR

Qerreral ntorem isaw ohip Large minscswsnpsr Baee miA%!3woeper
Cslbotal minceweeper let lt#w OilW t&AkzJr Oaealine

Landing craft, rubber (large) Landing craft, x-ubbar (wall) eupport ( IarQd Landis craft, Landing craft I au,.lport ( amall) Landing craft, tsnk Mk V Landing craft, tank Hk VI; Landing: craft, tghicle craft, vehfclo And Landing personnel La&i% ehip, dock Landing ship, tank

'PrlUHprt

Ibtudirag chip , vehicles
Landing vehicle, traoked (unarmorrd) cargo &sole

Traaaport, attack Cotutal tranapor t Tromp traneport opesd) Transport for wotandad Ye&mixed artillery transport, Beeen transport AUxllisry CsrgQ submarine Aireraf t trancaport Repair ehip Repair dxtp, battle damgo

(high

Landing vehicle, tracked (armersd) tank Landfng rshicla I trackad
(new design-unarmored)

tr
rarge

FleatPxlg
Internal der

drydock
combustion mngine

LaAdYehicls, tracked (AsU dssi@+rmorad) car&@ Land rehtcls, trafskod (saw desigwmiored) b&d rrhiele, tracked (now
, ,, , design-armored) LVT( 3)&(4) &and vehicle, tracked cargo PO @UblasriA% chaser PCU 180’ p&r01 ersft escort vesscrl 160’ pstrol waft emcat, rescue PWO 136’ tnama~ins e~usear PCS

tea-

Repsir kaU.ng ship, araft Salv?qp vestarl
AV AVO Alm AVP 4.x AT la CA am CL CM CM0 uv CV3 CVB CVL DD Da DM lxs IX JEEP LCC IV%(L) Scbmarins tender Subnarino rescue verool QcsaAgoing tu& Rescue tug Seaplane tender ( largd

EeavJrhull

repafr

ship

173'
Prig&* haboat

Pm m
PO PR

sugla boat
River gun boat Motw torpedo beat Motorboat rubmarine uhaosr
Yahlrt Gear 110’ nine

lighter Seaplane tender (aonverted DID) Soapbane tmdar (emall) Auxllliary temdmr, large kaxilllary tander, mall Bat thhip Rsary alwirer Large aruissr Light eruirper UAS leyrr ao+atal layer
Aircraft cenrirr

Csta~t

zc PT
PI8 so SM ss

Cal

yadlt mabmarins ah4usr laylAg t3ubmaPfnr

SUbPariA@ auxiliary, Opaab lighter %r float
Ojm esrgu Ash li@tsr Distrfat mi~~llaneoua

Aimraft

&arge~ airoraft carrier %a11 atrcreft aarrisr De*Crayer Destroyer eecort Light minelayer (high speed) )linelrcrsspar (high epeed) +-ton, 6 I 6 Amphibian Tn.&

XliA+ enceirt
carrier
cl3 Jla Y0 TQP: YUV TD TDQ TF
4 Amphibian

Unclseeifisd $-tea, 4 x

Tmck

Landing csaf t , contra1 Landing craft, infantry (bergs) LGbd2)45 landing craft, mechanized, Mk 11

WD YD TH

TM -3page -I-

lighter traneportation li&tsr plosting derrick Degaursing vessel Dlring tender range tUd9r; Covered lighter; provision atore lightor Ferryboat aad launch Floating drydock Torpedo transportation lighter QRrb&ga lighter Aulbulance boat Houseboat HeatiAg acow Dredge

Aircraft

U~C~ASSl~l~~

Chapter

% q-7-j g pg;i- /qpJ’r \ I ,L

$Tla&I
m4.s
Pit%? m ms Tm TO TOG )TOS YP TPD

(cont’d.)

Motor mine au*epsr Wotor tug
Irt tender Qata a48861 Ilist tender (tug olaeo) Fuel oil bsrg0 GaoollnQ barago Oil storage barpr Dirtrict patrol vaeeel Floating pile driver Pon tooa ~stouagr barge FloAtlog workshop Submartue reecua &amber

YPK YB

i.%i)Ploat

ing workshop, dryd~ck (hull)
(mwhincrp)

YED(M)Ploating workshop, drydock St avadora barge TS 8aaplans wrecking derricrk TSD YSP Salvagr pontoon TSR Sludge removal barge Barbor tug It YTT Torpedo teeting barge TV Watsr barge

hpter

-3-

Page

-2-

NA.uT1cAL TEBMS AND PER&SEE ~~~L~~~~~~~~~ ABAFT - In AFT - Near the direetlon the stern.
of

of

the

stern.

AMIDSHIPS ( ‘MIDSHIPS) - In the center to her length or to her breadth. AICH~~SH~PS line of

the vemsel, to the flag cancel,

either fore-and-aft

with

reference

(THWARTSHIPS) At right the vessel. boat deeignated or for cleat.

angles

BARGE - A ahfp’s
BELAY

the use of (Stop,

offiaera.
such as

- To m&a fast to a pin to belay m order.f

BJXWE3X DIIlCKS ( ’ IW&N of a chip. BILGR - The curved part flat bottom meet. BITTS - Vertical

DECKS) - The apace

between

any two dacka

of a ship’s hull Aleo the largest or metal or gear. projections

where the sides and the circumfarencs of a cask. on the deck used

for securing

wooden lines

BOAT BOOM - The boom swung out from and to which boats in the water BOAT HOOK - A wooden staff fending off or holding rigging and who calls small with on. the

a ship’s side when at
eecure. hook at one end used of for the

a metal

BOATSWAIE 97) - in officer (BOS
BOOBY-HATCH - A raised

aboard ship who h&s charge crew to duty.

hatch. end of a gun.

BIUECH - The bottom of a block. The after outside angle of a knee-timber.

The

BRIDGX - The raised platform extending athwartship in the forward part of the ship and from which it is stserad and navigated. Amidships and after bridges are sometimes so fitted. BRI G - %a ship’s A square rigged vaeasl with two masts prison. An hermaphrodite brig is rigged on the foremast like a brig and on the mainmast like a schooner. BROACH TO - To slew BIJMHEAD - Transverse portions of the BUNK - Bed on board CALL - The boatswain’s CARGO HATCH - A hatch round when running before partition8 the wind. separating

or longitudinal ship. ship. pipe. over a cargo loose.

hold.

CARRY AWAY To break CLEAT - A fitting of

or tear

wood or metal
ensign, leading

with horns,

used

for

securing

lines.

COLORS - The national

COMPANIOliWAY - !be stepa

below

from

tha

upper

dmck.

DAVIT - A curved metal spar fitting projecting over the side for DEADNBAD - Directly ahead, Cbapte?

into a aockat hanging a boat.

on deok and

-J-

Pajy

-f-

’ , ‘, > *I’‘i.? i -1$ , ! \1. .“\ , .- * t- . )- +1 1 ,,j ..,:-;:3.2rt iL.j 3

gautical

terms

and ohrases

(Cont’C)

D&Q KECICONIKG - A navigator’s reckoning with coursea steered and distances run independent of aighte or bea,ringe. - The floor beams. of all perta of the vessel which rest

DIP - (Colors) The t emporary lowering down in the prices3 of saluting another vessel. DOGS - Used to secure water-tight

of the ensign part way or returning A salute and hatches.

of

doors

DOG WATCH - One of the two-hour watches 4 to 6 g.m, fe the first dog watch, the second dog wp,tch. DOUBLE BOTT(XG - Water-tight to the keel and between

from 4 to g p,m.;
and from

from 6 to g p.m.,

subdivisions of a man-of-war next the outer bottom and inner bottom. keel. The depth

DRJLE'T - !The depth of water to vassef’a which a vessel minks la the water

to
to rest

DUNNAGE - Loose material placed in holds for the cargo on, or jammod between the cargo to wedge it . EASE OFF - To alack ENSIGH - The flag nationality. up. carried by a vessel which stern as the insignia

of her

FALL - That part
hole tlng.

of tackle
the

tho power of a vessel

is

applied

in

FAM!ILIL - The par t of sternpost. FATHOM - Six FENDER veerel feet.

extending

CanPar,
wood or roFe used over f ram chaf lng when alongs lde below framework decks. around the deck clear. kitchen. in the bulwarks ropes, for rail

8 the side to protect another vessel or et dock.
of a deck-hatch

FIDLXY - The Iron
leading

FOm - Term used to distinguish parts forward of amidships.

forward forward

part of

of a veesel,
the foremast.

or

FOBECASTLh; (FOCSLX) - The upper
FOUL - Jammed; not GllLLIEY - The shlp’e GANGWAY- An opening - The general or 8all8. GIG - A ship’s officer. boat

to give blocks the use of of a boat

entrance tackles the

to the

ship.

name for designated

of epars

commanding

GUNWALE (GUNNEL) - The upper

or vessel.

GYRO COMPASS - A compass consisting of a rapidly spinning go swung tie to maintain its axis in the geographical dan and pointing to the true North.

meri-

rotor

or @wHAND-ROPIE - A line secured wais .t high ab eve a boat-boom (Also termed grab rope. > oneself. plank ; used for steadying

Nautical

terms

(Md phrases

(Cont’d) or tiller work. as far over to the

HARDOVER - An ordsr ‘side aesignatad HAWSEH - A large HiiAD - The ship's rope

to put the wheel as possible. for towing or

or heavy toilbt.

lavatory;

HEAVIEG LINE - .A small line secured to a hawser and thrown an approaching vessel or to a dock, for a messenger. IIILWZ TO - To put HELM - The tiller. HOIST BWAY - AA order HOLD - The space below cargo or stores. HULL - The body IEBOARD - Toward INSHORE - Toward JACK a vessel in the position by which of lying-to. is

to

The machinery to haul decks up. utilized

a vessel

steered.

for

the

stowage

of ballaat,

of a vessel. the fore-and-aft chore. to of the union rope with of the nation&t flag. line of the ship.

- The flag elmiliar

JACOB'S LADDER - A ladder the eide and aloft. KSBL - The timber running from the ship.

woo&n atspa uard over

or bar faming the backbone of the @essel and the stem to the eternpost at the bottom of

KNOCK OX?' - To stop;

especially

to stop

work. to a mile of dida land mile 5,280

KNOT - A divisloa on the log-line, tarma, A nautical mile is

feat.

6,0&o feet;
stairway.

answering

IADDXD - A natal,

wooden

or rope

LANYAHD- b rope made fast knife lanyard, bucket
rigging, LIEb: - The side oppoeite

to an srticlr lanyard, eta.; from which

for securing it, 0.g.) or for setting up the wind the wind. by the wind blowr.

to that

LIREWAHD(JJooAHD) - The direction

away from to leeward

LEEWAY The drift 01

of a vessel

t’ids .

LIE TO - To stop the progress of a vasrel at sea, either by counter-bracing the yeatin, or by reducing call so that she will make little or no headway, but will Isrely come to and fall off by counteraction of the sails and helm. LmE LIEIE - A line secured drck to prsvsnt persons used

around the side
from falling

of the ship overboard. vessels. by wind of

above

the

LICHTEB - A craft LIST - The Inclination UGAZINE

in loading of

and unloading not the caused stowage from

a vessel
for

or

sea.

- The space

provided deck

explosives. stern.

HAIlri DmK - The highest
HAKE ComBs - Hoioting

extending

stem to

thm ensign

at 8 a,m,

f p.iyJqyy FyiiD

WPter

- f - Fags +

Nautical

Terms and Phraaee - Lowering the

(Cont’d) colors at

&Y~~“,~,,:(,

; ‘;I i’;.

MAKE s%KET

suneet. together. of latitude, ;;en-

MESS - Any number MILE - A nautical erally 6,080

of men who eat mile feet. of the l-60 crew.

or lodge

of n degree

MUSTER - To assemble

OFFICER OF THE DECK - Officer of a vessel.

temporarily

in

charge

of

the deck

ON THI.4 BEAM - Same as abeam or abreast. ouTEoARD - Towards the sides of the vessel. boat, used

PAINTXB - A r3Pe attached for making her fast. PAY OUT - To slack out

to the bows of a small on a lins quiet; made fa+t an order pipe stern call over

on board.

PIPE DOWN- An order to keep crew from an evolution. PIPE TO - (quarters) POOPUECK - A partial PORT - The left in a ahip’s PROW - The prt QUARTER - That

dismissing

the

Boatswains’s deck at the

to an evolutfon. the main deck.

side of a vessel looking side-such aa air-port, of the bow abov's of the water.

forward, an opening or cprgo-port.

portion

the vessel’3

sides of

near

the

stern. deck

QUARTGtlXCK - A mme aplied to the Fart reserved for the use of officers. QUART"MTER - A petty officer of

the upper force.

the bridge

RIBS - 'The framework RI UGUG - General

of a vessel. term for all ropes of a vessel.

SCREW - The propeller. scUPpExs - Holes decks, cut in the waterways deck safe. company to a beam* the bow side. next to drain below water from the

SECOND DECK - A complete SECUBE - To make fast;

the main

deck,

SXT THX WATCH - Strictly to divide a ship’s speaking, into watches ; the order at PI p.m. on a man-of-war station the first watch. SHORi4 - To prop up.
A prop

or

stanchion,

placed

under

sHuVX OFF - To leave; clear preparatory SICK BAY - Ship’s SLING - To set lower it.

an order to the bowman to shove to leaving a dock or a vessel’s

hospital. SO
a~

in ropss,

to put

on a tackle

to hoist

or

paste of wood or iron, STANCHIONS - Upright Upright support the beama of a vessel. intervals alnng the sides of a vessel, L! fqQJSSi i’/ E-J Chaptsr M 3 -

palced ao as to pieces placed at to support the buls pago -6-

biautfcsl

terms

axid phrases

( Cant ‘d)

g i’jCLA+sS!

;r; E[j

and reaching dawn to the bsnde by the warka g aud rail., Any fixed s&da of the pisaes to which they are bolted. upright aup>ort.

STAND - A prepamatory BY STARBOARDThe right eida

order* of the voesel, looking forward.

STUU - The after part of a veas&
STEEUJ-FAST - ( stern line) eecurfng her by the e STOVJd Broke ia,

a rope led over atern.

the

stern of a boat and ured in

STOW To put in place,
SUPERSTRUCTUHb;-DECK -A poop dack, and not

partial
extending

foracartlr deck above the main, upper, out to the side of the ship.
a belaying used for pin or cleat and hold boata,

Or
on1

TAmA!cuRN - To pass a turn
TARPAULIN - A piece of hsavy angles

around canvas, to the

covering line.

hatches,

l tc,

THWARTSHIPS - At right TOPSIDES - Above decks.

fore-and-aft

TROVOH The hollow TURN Passing TURN

between around

two

wavm.
or kevel, work. L an ensign. only the union without air. the to keep it fast.

a rope
to

a pin

TO - An order

commence ship’s

UNDJGRWAY Kaving w UNIOtJ - The upper

way or progreaa. inner corner of

UNION JACK - ( eee j~clc) Small flag, containing fly, usually hoisted at the bow-sprit-cap. VENT1 LATOR

- h wooden cr metal pipe used to taupply or l xhauat
track; behind. officers’ quarter60

WAKE - A ve~sol~s
WARDROOM -

Commissioned

WATCH - A division There are seven watches in 8 day, of time on board ship. from 12 M. round through the 24 hours. They conaiet of 5 regular bhour watches and the 2 adog-watchesn (see Dog Watch). A certain portlon of the ship ‘a company, appointed to stand these watchee are khown ao A buoy is said to watch when it floats on the surface. “the watch.” WEATRER - To windward. WINCH - A purchase formed or crank at the end. WINDWARD - Toward
WIW3

by a horizon&al

spi adls

or

&aft

with

a

the of

wInda
or between-decks

- That

part

the hold

which ienort

to the side,

IL i;!>,. \:i’y’

1

4$ ?fitry\&T-“~ .,--

i 4

chapter

- f -

Pa&o -7-

U~~~!~~~~~~~~~ ” ,

-1 I

flhqdr

-3-

Pap

-a-

l& 8 c1 + x & Ir>> Lanaiw -9

Craft, .c -"3 Su~port,.sm&ll.

I

I

1

I

I 4 1c knots 135

Ics(s)( 21

6

36W

10’5”

23 (CCC

34
Fm anding CMft; 14 sding Vehicle, Track&, Kark 1 , Landing V,ehi ble , tracked, mrk 2. LVT (2) LVT (1) 56'C" 110‘ 0” 18’ c”

11.5 YrActs 19 ‘mcts 13.5 knots

?@ 69@ I

216,000 50,oco 16,goc

I
20 n, L:

I

13’ 7” gf8”

240
5C (water) I

3

2~6”

25 m.p.~.

3

2611R

10’8”

25,330

24

3t

5.4

150 (1am.I; 75 (mater)

I-

Y 475.r.
I. c 4 c y. t <r g -3

>..-

I-E G 6 g $ Ii U) x p i% W = 3 g d 8 ib :r E h.

/\ Llc-P)‘f +’ c! g 2 vv *\ v :- 3

/\ I& c\ 5, zz %--L ETL” p.’ 0 I+

-C, -7y 0. SW $jais c ,. c

%Q l-i

I-\ VY t: V-8 U 0 r. m

d, x <‘\ V z c2

.p &I tug 1; U’. -AL-

-1’&z cz -3 fi ); -7 uiu- g-pi 0;

4: $1 kc, f’ . ‘rl Q ~ v t-

: ‘,,’ 1’ ;s

3: c\I .

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3 V E-l 0 8m 2 cc &! 01 4 b

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3 3 n 4 +n t-i w ‘3 2 cd s 12 Y 3 3 :g 3rd -iz zw u > c, $3 2 23 3:

9
-c d w V-i .n V-! 22 i?d 4 s Q k-4 Q

t> 3

$ 4

$7 SE ?al It2 jj iu

I I I I r* I . t. . IX 10 P x-

I;, ;’ ;j 3 ZE ; 2 Z% sahaptrr -3-

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i,r;‘\\-I 3iL,L:.’ ,:q$:\-x .t -;,*u 4‘w8k.’
YATJbBIXL OF
VARfOU6

CAPACITY

LAIDIUG

CRAFT

CAPACITY

Om l-ton truok, or 38 troopa, or lUoOO0lbe. oargor or 1 Bren ,Carrier. (tight) 86 troops or 6,ooO lb. vehiola or 8,100 lbs. orrgo, provided center of grqrity ir kept low. Qm U&ton P8n. tank or 30,000 lbs. oargo or 100

the SO-ton tank or 60,000 lbs. of bargo, of 60 troop8.
Five 30-ton, or POUR Ml-ton, or three 50~ton tankst or 9 truoke, or 160 tom oarg~.

LCT(6) LWfl 1;5917(4) .uT(A)(I) DUKW LSM LSF LkH.l

Four medium or three SO-ton tanke, or 150 tons aargo.

6,600 lbs. (nonal)

or M fully

equipped men.

6,600 lbs. oargo. (maximwa) Maximumof 1,000 lbs, 26 troops and equipment or 12 loaded litters, or 6,000 lbe. of oargo. 6 PediurP or 3 heavy taaka, or 6 LVT*s or 9
DUKW’&t.

2,100 tons oax-go (ooean going) 600 ton&l oargo (landing) 3 LCT.(6)(6) eaah with 5 mediumtanka or 2 UT (3)(4) eaoh with 12 meditmPtankn or 14 LCH(S) each with 1 msdianntank or 1,600 long tom of Oaf&Q, OR 41 Lm'fl OR 47 DmartS, 2 LCV(P), 10 (DE corm-erufon)
Balra

ARL

?'loata. 4-76 )PP~. Paok Howitirsra 4,600 cu.ft. lkmlnunitioa 1,000 au.ft* gasoline SAOO au.ft. genddor88

4 LCVP at davits

163 troops 6-+ ton truoka 2-l ton truoks 4mrtaT~l (Da3troyer)

Pow UP(L) or LcP(R) and 098 Marine rz.f1e 00.

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Ship and q'roop Officers.

troop Cargo

T=JQP cargo

*opeller

Le? .t?l cvemll
Diqihacezmnt

459' 2& *

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q

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13,900 tons. 17 knots
lOjb0 '

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Steaming Officers YEnlisted

Radius (treap) (troop)

9

120

CR DT L S-

Crew Berthing Deep Tank Ladder Ship*s Space

TB - Troop !Ic - Troop 10 -Troop IM - Troop

Berthing car@;a Officer*s &%ss

&arters

SPEED - 17 kncts Lesgth - I;Jjc:fCt~ Beam - 63fC@ Stemhg risdius - 170X miles
Dis;?leCement - 138&! Tons

Troop Cap. Cargo Sap.

75 Officers
12044 sg. Ft.

1544 Enlisted 121520 cu. Ft.

Meno

1,: --y -em "11 I- r

gain DeckUpper Deck Lower Tween

a

Hold

Cl3 l CFUWBElRMING EW~FFESRWA!?ER G * GULEX m * ROOM 3 * aHIP’ SPACT;: SS * SHIP STORES ?B l T!ROOPBER!WllG Tc * mooPcBRGo

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cHARAcmsTIc. Speed Lmgth Bern Cargo Cruising 17.5 knots

%?'2ta 4,7oc 12.600 (17.5) Radius Off. Eti.

Troop Cap. Cargo cap,

131
2060

12,263 39, Ft. 155.73'7 Cu. Ft.

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WP~WW: PAYLOAD: OVERALL

3,660 800
CUBE

CBS. LBS.

: 372

cU.Fr

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CARGO HOL,D: CAPACITY: 3 TON CUBK CAP: 210 CUFT:

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7 T ‘0 ‘, bcx) -L 1

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WEiIGETS DIMENSIONAL AND w -F!JGBBNCE: ATI? #9, Cir Dated 28 May and 21 June 43; also '7th Inf NET WEIGHT 5340 5920 3179 3190 3700 2325 2325 2325 34.20 34QO 5750 4975 4975 511 654 4640 4640 5675 5675 5375 5375 Div Data Sheet, SQ.FT. PLUS dated 4 Mar 43 & !i% 9-2800 cu.m. PLUS 50%
-BROKEN STOAME -

VMICLES h-e Ambulance c % E I= cm ~~~) (Plgmouth) (Packard) 8t=d4 3/A tc'n 4x4 5-Pass Lt sedan 5-Pass Lt sedan 54~1s Bed Sedan +ygg-mm SceeP ml.. Il8nvd)

I.hlBGTH WIDTH
16’*3* 16’3W b’lp 6'6" 6'2" 6’1,” G&U $p2” 5’z’ 5~2" 5’9 6'4* 6’9” 6'3" 6'3" 6'3'* 6’ 3” 6'6" 6'6" 6'6't 6’6”

HEZGHT

&ClmL SQ.JiT. 102 105 98 101 110 57 z

iJxuAL cu.FT,
770 790 5% 575
583 330

i&TuAL SHIP TONS 19 19 13 2

25% 128
131

SHIP TONS

7'6"
7’6” 5'8" 5'tP 5g1u 5'10" Sk4# 2'4" 4'3* &p 6'9') 5'5" 6'llf' 5'S' 6'11" 5'2" 6' 10" 5'2" 6'10"

3.m
lx5

28 29 20 21 21 12 7
9 13 23 26

16’2” 16’7” 178 5” 3-l 2: 15’3”’ iS’l0”
15’5” 15’9”

126 137
71

123

$62 874
495 29s 370

837

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(Top

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351 635

ii 8 15 17 13 17 2 32 16

71 71
103 125

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526
951 1054

702

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106 106

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Weights and 3hw~rfona1

Data 6CTUklL SQ.FT,

VEHIC~ Truck (Cargo)

TYPE 2+--T.$B$6 2+-T.S.W3.&6 (Top UP) we/b w/w

WGTI-1 21'3"

EBXCXT

JmJLL SQ*FT.

ACTUAL cu.FT.

rnT

YZIGliT 10215 10215 1fUCIC llCO0

SHIP TOi

PLUS

25$ 195 195 185 125 175 175 171 236 244 2% 224
240

CU.FT* PLUS 50%

BROKW STO&Gl3

SEIP TONS 112

21'3"

20'4" 2O'Lt" 19'2" 19'2fl

7'4" 7'4" 7'4') 7'4;' 7'4" 7'4'1
7f 3” yt41-l( ti’C’1 E’O” etot

7'4U cy 2”
7th" 9'2"

1134 l-431 1.078 1360 140 140 137 189 195 179
17?

2146 1617 2040 1533
X34.7 1981

l7Cl

53

40 51

Truck

&-T.($?; 2$-T..Ihmp

&$ no/m 6x6 w/w 6x6 w/w

7'4l'
9'2't 9' S" 10 t T/n 9' 1G"

19'1"
25'10n 2f&'8"

lC22 1231 1321 2(?03 1750
I.492 lx?0

loo40 mo40 10620
11165

46 49

38

Truck Truck Truck Truck .-A .m_..)T-3 ;-'-p ffalf-Track Hand Cart

2&-T. Wrecker

3004 2X7 2235
2640

&Ton Plrecker 0x6 w/w &T-Prime Mvr SKB w/w (Top UP) lo-Ton Wrecker (M-1) M-2 (TOP UP) 2-Vheeled Solo c. P. +Ton l-Ton (Van) 24heel Cargo

21700 184@0 184OC 2il30
mm 14200 100

2214~~
29'0"

22'4"

9'10"
10 ’ 1.”

S'4ff

I I4= !i +

El4+"
6’ 5”

142 125 125 32 23 187 4.2 5C 5C 62 6.5 E7

1933
786

2@9 1279 13El
197

72 29

z c-3 5 =i=i 5 0

19'7"
19'7"

6?5"
hi 3”

6'3" 7' 5” 4'S' 3'4."
9’ 1”

920 131
723

157
157 40 28 234 52 62 62 7s 29

7'7"
7'7" 24'1"

34 4 2

-3 < __d Motorcycle _a..+". yl Trailer c.2 Trailer Trailer Trailer

3'lt' 7'P
j+\ St1 5 t 11” 5’ 11”

539 3450 550 1300 1300 2200
1500 6300

117
2050

164c
La u.0 2l+rJ

9'P
12 ' 1" 12'1"

3'5" 4'1C"
6’ I” 7t gn

211
210

24heel Cargo bP UP)

360 728 4c9 ?A%56

-&Ton 2-Whml PA

12'4t,"

7'4"
5’11”

4-35 326
972

Trailer Water, 250~Gallon 11' 5" Trailer&they 6-T,To Top of End & L!+!6" Side. Gates in Place Borw above.

7'5"

4'lC" 11'2"

Weights and Dimensional

Data
,CTULL EEIfi?JxT SQ.FT. Xrn~L CU,FT. :m BEIGHT LCTUL SHIP TONS
sr,.: I.

iFEICLE
Trailer,

TYPE

ETTGqq!

PLGS

VJIIYJ?

25%

CU.FT. FL!!5 95

BFiCKEN STOUZE SKIP TONS

Athey To Top of Bed only, x/ End, Side Gates and Bows -4' 611 lashed Top of Bed Athey To Top of Bed only, vi/ End, Side Gates 8~Bows Btowed beneath vehicle or other stowage place U'6" A-they g-Ton ZO-Ton (TOP UP)

7?5"

5'3"

87

456

63CO

11

1cs

685

17

Trailer,

7' 5" 810" 1 tt ;t ;!I 6' 911

4'5" 4'6" 4'3" 11' 0" 7'6"

67

3% $43 955 2475 573

63OC 8000 Lqmo l47cc I.1940

9 21 2: l-4

109 234 281
281

585 1264 U32 3712 659

Trailer,

23*5*f
25'0"

25'0" 11'4"

x7 225 225 76

Tractor, Tractor,

D-4 WO/R.To Top of %Wn Cab v/i, 0 .b to Top Back of Se&t, fir Cleaner and Exhaust Extensim Remd.

95

11*~$"

6' 9" 9' 9"
7'11" 7' 11"

6'4n 8’0“
55411

76 153
121

4%
1222 1007

11940 1.1940 2ll5c 21150

12

95 191 151 152

726 X333 15ll 157e

18 45 37 39

Tractor, Tractor, Tractor,

D-4 R-6 R-6

W/Dozer Y/t7 to Top of Cab To Top of cab (storm curtain)

15'8" 15*lG" 15'4"

30 25
26

@7ll

122

1046

Tractor

W,!o Cab to Top of Back bf Seat, Air Cleaner and Exhaust Sxtension Remd. D-6 WU/% To Top of Cab To Top of Cab (storm curtain)

15'$'

7'll" 7'li" 7'11" 7'11"

6'6" 8'4" 8' 7" 6' 6"

122 105 105 I 105

793 877 94 685

21150 21rfxl
21150 21150

19 21 22 17

152 133 131 131

llE9 1316 1356 x.27

29 32 33 25

Tractur,
Tractor Tractor

13'Q' 13'4" 13'4w

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g+$

aI

J : 3 8i F

O\l-l am cm n 8 .P 3 I2

d

0:

2

Y 3b $$5 3 pa 35 ms(u4 a$ cg @oca V’ 1oa *xP&8 dg Lb &g %I tL$ +$$$j e us SE 9 G A d, m c 8 +J + 2 cz 2 3
EZhBcQ

s &; 4a .;I laY

c‘; n

Chapter A

Pa&fi -5

‘deights am3 Dintenriond

Data ix TXL
j.$f!Glyq

‘JE::-Jr,ui
Aand Carrier Tractor Tractor Tractor Tractor 0.52, 53 $j iz ;;x F *c--J -“me 1 I= ;z.c vehicle t;-3 f gi ,‘.c’ & Py? 4 CT?2$-Ton Distillation each approx.

TYPE
2 Ti/huno Carrier (Hand Drawn) I,!-1 (IHC-TD-18)

XDTI!

HXG3T 1'11" 7'10"

SQ.FT. 18

ACTUi,L cu.FT.

MET VEI GP!T

LCTUL FT. SC.
SHIP PLW TON5 2 5;: 1

C’J . ,y PLUS 5Q%
54 466
1725 1782 1327

C3OK3~ STG ;-CL

SHIP TOI% 1
36 :;LL, > .i’_” _ ,-‘

5'8" 16' 16'
102s 1.5'11"

3'4'r
7'10"

36 979
1150 1188 884 787

35 3oooc 23000 3ClCC
23OGC 11070

23
156 165

125 132 132 232
105

21,
28

M-5 (Gasoline)
Heavy-Nl-D-7

8*4" 8’ 2” 8'4"

8'8" 9,0fl 618"
7'6"

43 44 33

29
22

165
165

Id-5 (Gasoline)
(Windshield do-m, no canopy) Unit (2. Pkgs)

;-+.2 /-‘r t.v9‘) 4 .*. C"c Zfi-:
g y’t c;,-J

16'9"

5500# Ci2LCITlE
the space fi,gured for eargo is that availr.ble and therefore applicable for Combat Loading. Inside Dimensions Cu.Ft. when the
Max l

In the follo?ring vehicles, is stowed on board ship,
We

yen: -

0)

Tarpaulin box have been removed in case of cargo trucks. of Athey Trailers figured to include to top of gates only. 2&ton truck and amphibious Tractor capacities are figured to top of gurwale,

'reight

(Pay Load)

(2) CapaciQ

J

J J I I 1

E'IE, Cargy 6x6 2$Ton SIB, Cargy 6x6 l&Ton, Cargc, 4x4 l-Ton Trailer $-Tm Trailer $-Ton Athey ZO-Ton i,they 2$--Ton Amphibious Truck Am hibiaus Tractor 3P4-Ton Yeapons Carrier $-Ton ?eapons Carrier

11'9" x 6'6" x 3'ln 9' x 6r6" x 3'1" 9' x 5'10" x 3'1" 7'11" x 3'9" x 3'5" 6r x 3'2" x 1'6" 11' x 6'P' x 3'3" 17'll" x 8'8" x 3'
12'4'1 x 6'10" x 2'L"

261 180 161
101 28

5000 5000 3ooc
2OOC 12000 5000 2OuO lro0

(3) Axphibious

500

238 466
175

@COG 5000

6'3" x 7'3" x 4'

239
4? 102

WATER OP

PROQPfHb VEHIOLES

Vehlalor mu& Co rrtsr-aonditioned

far mphibiow

operatiozur of tide,

Ewm

on ideal beaohea, where thors ir a normal rise or fall of weather, rbnomal tides, oorrsot berah may rrrult fradrylrtrd. Thir will or the possibility

hamrdr
mirring

of a boat wave ground%

the

in tha landing omft neosssitate

8~ld di&no~ to shore in
izwhe~,

movoment of the rehiole

water above it8 rafe fording depth, uhioh (m*) on up*

varicer froa

one foot five

In the uam of the oorrugatad beaoh, ohannelr of deeper lnrter zmy be enoountered just ahead of where the oraft ing a diatanas of some 200 or JO0 yurdo , Therefore, certain grow@.
rtarting

Thir pay involts st a depth

ford(3)

of tkse
mwt be

or (4) feet of water,

prote&iwnsosures

taken to iruure that there ir no nmehmioal failure sion of the oahiole In rater. a8 a water
or&t,

during or after

imer-

It

i8

not intended that we ~88 the vehicle uatergrwfe~ in order that

but that it be suffioiently

the engine till

run* without &ruiuo damage, for a ahwt perfod of tiere vohfole without ruoh

through water of a depth that would hop an ordhaqr water oouditioaing.
To rucor88fully

water-aondition

IL vohiole,

8ystematSo aud thorough

r*pr

an

aeoe88aryr

chapter-k

P-0 +

MBTHQDS WATERCONDITIOHXNG VEBXCLEB

0 P

I.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM: (a) BATTERY: Cover the terminals and oable connections with provided. Next seal the battery filler plug vents with grease plug vents make

material

or petroleum jelly.

Sloodenmatch stioks in the filler

a good seal and are saaily will result

removed, Hcmwer, less danger to the battery

if them vent8 are sealed with grease, sinoe the internal blow out this type of seal before the danger

preamre generated will point
i8

rmmhed. STARTIM MOTORI A aollar of Iraterproofed putty or caulking

(b)

seal lo mrked around the 8tarting houaing.

motor where it enter8 the flywheel around the entire motor and the put'ty

A aleeve of oil 010th ia fitted

ia worked into this putty uollas. by a loop of
roft

It is then made fast irk

wire.

The open end of the sleeve irr then seaisd with with wire. The atarter ewitoh and battery

putty and pulled up tight

oabls oonnectioxxa are ooverednitn

waterproof putty or oaulking material. and eeaondary lead8 are en&x~ed An oil cloth

(0) lWITIOR
aleeve and wire. then fitted

COIL:

The primary

in soft rubber tubing or are wrapped with rubber tape.
is

around the sntiro tith

aaaembly and fastened with putty

The endo are filled

putty and brought up close around ie oov-ered with rubber taps. aeoondary, and spark

the lead wireo with wire. (d) DIBTRI.BVIORt All

Thia joint

lead8 - - priauy,

p1U#$8 - are either -

snolosed in a soft rubber tube or wrapped with tape.

Thie ir brought doun to the oontaot and the rubber nipples are plmosd over the rubber-enalosed wire. the bum of the distributor Rext, a oallar
of putty
h8

ir worked out to fit

WQuod

body.

A 8heet of mbber

over

\,I ‘i:; f-Jj$$

5’8 f 71 i t” ; i,. i,:

Chaptar A ~ ----_ - _._--~~

Pa@9-g~~-

Water Proofing (d) DISTR~UT~ (ooWd.) through thiB rho&.
body

the asp and the lead8 am issorted pulled down around the dirtributox= oil wire,

The nabber ir An

and made 8ooure with wire.

010th aleeve ie then worked into the putty aollar The opsrr end of the rlewe ir filled

and mad@ fast with

with putty 8md brought up realsdrrlth rubbertapo.

01089 around 8 aoh lead tire.
(0)

Yhir joiatir

8PAlu PLUGS, The lead8 fraar the diprtributor are efthw en-olosed in rubber tubing or wrapped with rubber tape. A four (4) inah

length of garden how ir realed around eaoh plug into a 0011~ of putty rtuok OXL blook. the filled The lead8 are then oonneoted md the end of the here with rubber tape. is water-oonditiomd in the 8mm mn-

with putty and bawd (f)

(fE8ERA!roR! The generator a&or. All orifioea

ner a8 the 8tvtiIig
(15) BEQlJLAYm*

are plugged w%th putty end 43~0entire The oil 010th ir wwked around each with put;ty mid rubber

aaosmbly i, rnolormd in of1 uloth. rrlre oatmrhg the tegulatar tw. (h) JPXb&CZBIC EIW:

and made water tight

lhvp In oil al&k

mad bind w%th aopper wire. J

XI.

wlrpg (a)

YRAH8MI88ItS SYSTEW: TBIJ118YfSPIO%, DIFFERENTIALS,E mart be a@al+d with waterproof T&UJeFEU CA@t putty. All vopt or

breather-holoe (b) (0) rata&w
retainorr

FROFL AXES: --s-e AED REAR

Sane a.8 above. All gMket8 and greare6rew9
entranoe of

@A8KETS GRItA l@3!AINltR AED SEAIBt -w-p-

real8 rhould bs imqmated prior to water-eondition%ng. oa all wheel6 should be in good oondition to prevent

water into wheel bearings.

&q qW6tiOIWble reals clhould be replaoed.

Chapter -4

Page +

Water III*

proofing

~pjCLQS~f\F~*

“. -7,

XIsc-00s
(a)

I 'the tail-pipe
ground

EXEAUBT PlPE:
four

8hOUld be extended to approzeither by ~WWJ of floxfble tail-pipe,
or rubber tUbf9g

iMtely mtallio
olurpsd (b) throwing

(4) feet

above

level,
the

tubing fixed to the end of onto the end of the tail-pipe.
FAJiJ -- Blair:

The fan belt is remmad to prevent

the fan from

water on the mtor. CRANKCASE BIUATRER; The brwther may be 8tied by meam of

(Q)

a wooden plug, or putty+ (d) OXI. --CI-L-LEVEL BAYONETGAUGE: Itmove of1 bayowrt we and plaW

in the tool box. (e)

Then plug the hole with a wooden plug. in the muter

MASTER BRAKE,CYLI~JDWI stop up the hole or &la8 filler
PUMP,

brcska oylinder
(f) F-L --

oap with putty. Itop up the hole or hole8 b the b8.m of the fw%

pumpwith putty. (g) material UDIA!fORt
A

ground rheet , shelter

half,

or

l

m

ruoh watwpgdof dawn in fr& Thir will @f

arhould be 01-d

under tbm hood 80 that it -8 axle.

the radiator,

and then loosely seoumd to the front bask through the radirtor If the radiator

prevent

a bow wove froa rurging

urd over the notor. seal* '

(h)

RADIATOR CAPI

oop fr not of the *air

type, it mry bo sealed by vmrking putty under the edge of the oap and mound the nook of the filler. (i) ile, The quality
Adhenive tapr mqr be used for the rlam0pWpor0.

of all

rubber hose should ba o&wksd.

It Pawt be virshould be re-

and if the quality

ir querrtionabki , the bore in queition

plaued.
(j)

All oonneationa should be tight.
The uuderoarriage

and fender8

ooated with oil to prsvent

future rucrting.

U;?i(-q :4fI,y %I:, 4 2% li.$$

1: ;,

Chapter -4

Page -IO-

Water

PmoYbig

~~?,~el~~,~;rci’:1~“D b+.i I

mr

%IIEBCEUQus

8

(oont'd)

(k)

All ohipped paint arew should be painted to prevent ionsand 8oales
should be oheokad for quality

ation of rust (1)

All tiring

and posoiblo "ehortif the veb,ibld ir
to

ing" dangers.

The di&ributor

#hould not be

8QAbd

svm4.n long irm &toragaa before being lauded. oondenaatim of moisture 8titiX&.
ineide the distributor

Prolonged ooreriq

0~18~8

body with a "8hort* re-

DRIVXR'S (a)

INSTRUCTfQbTS probably will
are

Siaoe repair faoilitier

not be available

for

acmehour8 or even days after for%

the vehialar

landed, _the responeibili~ largely on the drivers. whif
For

ooutinued operation of vehioles fall8 betruoted

thi8 roanon they muat be thoroughly
idea after landing.

ti the oarebpftheir
which,

There are severs1

steps to be taken,

not

properly and promptly performed by the drivers, 08480 funationing. (1) B.EFm LMDIHG; (a) Dtivers 8hould Pirrt craft

may oau8o the vehiole to

be instructed

how to handle their The following
instruo-

vehiales between the lamitig tiom rhould be given: (1) mtsr,

and the beech.

IIhile

vehicles

are being driven through the

t&s u80 of olutoh and bralres 8hould be avoided and the Qhoke BE VSED. (2) DO tit8 rtart the motor untfl
the landing cmft

8EQuLu m

ia a few hundred ywdr fram the beaoh. Sinoe the fan belt i8 disoonneoted, the mtor
fore hwing

will

heat rapidly.

Although the motor should be well rnuPlsd betuo earlyrillcau80 it to be

the oraft , rtartingthemotor

{ $y] ..I

f

,

Ayyyyy-: :,.t.;:

::,<.

hpter

-4

big0

-11~

Water

Proobi~

u N”J f\\yy / J-

;. ! ;;.i,:

overheated Drivers

when it

fr needed most to pull

the oehiele

anto

++e

boaah. of dan-

Bhould constantly

watch the temper@ure

gauge for sigm

gerous ovdaeating. Just prior

(3)

to debarking,

ast tha hand throttle of the mtor being killed

at a fast

idling

speed to taduce the possibility The vehicle the water,

while driving
ily

off the boat,

mh~tid be driven

tslowly and steed-

dam the ramp and off into

It must be kept movingOateadi~y

through (2)

the water mad XOT ALLWED to stop. UHILX (a) LATDDINQt Use the lowest gear and
ail

drivfng

uheele

(4 or 6 {e-

,

pending

on the type of vehiole). a~ attempting impoesible

Do not shift

gears while

the vehiole to #tall,

4 aft&

in the water, whloh it

to do 8~ may uau68 the vehiale to get it in motion again.

is almost

04 If' the water is deep, there May be a slight drtip off the
end of the rq, uill

The driver
effect.

shou;d not be alarmd.by

this',

B ince" the,wakr

have a cushioning

He should be able to take his vehicle

smooth-

ly off the ramp,

The driver given the vehiole ditioting prevent material8 inJury

should next be inatruotsd

in the uare to bo of the wg&ter-oonthe be&i to time

after

it ia landed.

Certain portionm

muat be removed immediately lQile others

upon 'hitting"

to the vehicles,

may bs removed at a later

The following

steps should be taken immediately upon keaohtig dry ground.
Remove the ail-oioth or other oovw9n.g frcmth&

generator

and connect the fan belt.

At the same ti.me, FQIWVB the radiator ohur permitC;img pamage of a&r, iram tlro dirtrPbuter on tie ant "shortingm. holes will
tamp and

oover from the front

of the radiator, (2)

l&mm* tW owering with the oovariag

body.

Coatinued

operation

ame

condemation

of moisture and consequently

Chaptrr

A-

Page -a-

Mater Proofing (b) The folloring

steps rhould be taken fra

thirty

(80) ti

eixty

(60) minute8 aft&r landingt
Renors the crankmae breather plug, and aealr the brakes will

from the hydrraulic
be partially light pressure

brake master oylindor.

fnoideatally,

out of aotboa until

they dry off.

It hae been Pdund that is in the water
will

on the brake pedal while dry.

the vehicle

keep the fininge of the brake after

Xf they do becomewet, rectify

hommw,

a few applioatiom

ccmlag ashore will

thi8.

TM+ should be done needed.

at the earliest

opportunity

and bloT left

until

the brake6 are first
vent

(2)
tery filler oapa.

R~SOWB reals frm the the

holer

in the bat-

(a) twenty-four

At the first

available

OpportuPityrrithin
be done:

the next

(24) hourr, the folloring

rhould

(1) Oloer all ramaining mnt holes- m trantmi~~iea,
transfer ease. differwxtialr, (2)
in
crankoases

ulas,

eta. weter
to

bs sooll aa possible , chaok the folhlKilagt
diffrrentiala and axlezl,
and

tranmierioa,

oheck battery

see if

ualt

water has penetrated.

(d)

Ansso011(u possible,

end not later
be

than a few days &t.er

the waterproofing dates
ioular aat all of the vehiole

aPateriaS should

entirely

removed ti

every Partend

inaplroted,

oleaned, and greased e# neaewmry*

oar0 mutt be taken to imur0 that all ventilation
elemtrioal gear ie dry and free from corrosion.

holes are olear,

)

#I’,-:

<“j

f-

Ohupter -k

Page -11+

Water

Proofing

(e) poaeibls for future (f)

*eaer= tam.

~16much of the water-conditioning

mkerial

ae

Sea water in contact with ferrvue metal8 forms omutio 8ea Water alld oil foni Sp @mll-

soda whioh attacks aluminum very rapidly, sion which has a very injurious effect

on steel bearings and pibtonm.

SERVICE EW (a) After motor sarvice faoilitiee

MAINTEXANCE

have been established, ration
of

the vehide

shvuld be given 8 thorough uleaning to prevent oorrooite water. oath, A 6,000 mllr inapootion, should be performed. iaoluding
a

of the se& all
lubri-

cmp1aDt.e dmrqp

(a) Kits,

~aoessary

mahrials

for

mterproofing
Type.

vehiclsr

are oontaimd in

kterproofing,IVV-6, (b) Each kit oontaim

Universal abanual,

TB 700439, 800018, 10-1000-28, d&ted md inetruatione for

kguet

28, 1943, which is cuwplete with illuetrationa eaoh part on all type vehicler.

raterproofing (c) will

Teohnical adtior and aarirtanoe

in proparing all Task Form vehialea

be 'furnished by Motor Tra.nsp~rt Offiaer8.

(a)
(b)

Care must be taken in all Driers Prust be thorvwly

steps of water-oonditioaing.
inetruotsd,

both in driving vehioles.

through

water aud send, uad in servicing (c)

their

individual

Vehicles met be carefully (~8 loon arr posrible.

semiced once ashore, and givoa

a

6,000

mile iaspeotioa
(d)

Patisaoe, oare, and practice for amphibiour operations. *

are required to prepare vehicles

BU+

oesrfully

Chant

br

-4-

Page

-lb

m

1----W

-- ~--.

_-~_

---.

W~TJ~RZROOFING OF V?mICLES FOR DEEP WaTEB RXDING SECTION I TANKS AND TANK-LIKE VEHICLES

1. a. Item

ComDoeition T-O kit,

of Kita: fordim, tank, ncomruon.N

Deecri~fion

&Fe Welding electrode Tape, non-hygroecopfc adhesive

,

" Induetrial Tape Co., New Brunswick, NJ., or “Kyrtik” Tape, Chicago Show Printing Co. Chicago, Ill. or bs wide Arphaltic adhesive (Hull) Intercoastal Paint Co., lht St.Louir, 111. AX8 Ctoroc, CX66, Cook Paint and Varnlrh Michigan, co., Detroit, or Eloma Ho. PenWith. ala Inc., Detroit,

5/l@cash cord modified 18-g 4* wide, "Utiili tape,
l/8”

7 60 roll9 per 5 klta

Qwltit~ 60rt 5 lb

Paint bmsh Sealiw compound

3n

1

5 6al

Compound, eealing

engine

S58,

3lA,

1 gal

Cloth Greaoe, b. Item U-3

aBDerrtor kit. f-an.

30 x
adaDter

fjo ft

5 lb
liaht tank,

1 piece

and atack.

MU&.

Descrlt.eion Plain carbon steel Plain carbon eteel 18x60" with 1" loop on one 18* side 1 1 1 piece

Rear adapter SbLCk
Canvas

C. LT-5 kit, 75-mm howitzer

fordim, ahar,ter and atack, motor carriem. B@c DeecriPtion Plain Plain carbon steel carbon steel with 1” loop on one ltln eide

liaht

tank,

M-1

o~

Item
Rear adapter Stack Canvas

Quantity 1 1 2 pieces

18x60”

f~,VF! ,~~cy’” ‘;:I j-3 tr * ( : ’ P i, a ,( e $2 !

Chapter

4-

Page

-15-

d. Item

MT-S kit,

fordiw,

medium tank Descrintion

stack. c&.lantits steel MhAl. Quanti steel eteel 1 1 1 tY 2

Stack p e. Item

D90216
fordinE,

Plain adapter,

carbon

MT-1 kit,

medium tank,

Description Plain carbon Plain carbon Rubber

Rear adapter Front adapter Rubber turret

seal,

Cl52770
f. Item Rear adepter Front adapter Rubber turret MT-2 kit, fordirx, adapter, Description Plain carbon Plain carbon Rubber steel steel medium tank, MhA2. &anti 1 1 1 tu

seal,

cl52770 g.
MT-3 kit, fordirz. adaater. Dsscriation Rear adapter Fran t adapter Rubber turret Plain carbon Plain carbon Rubber steel steel medium tank, MhAf. Ql.mntitY 1 1 1

seal,

Cl52770
h. rtbm Rear adapter Front adapter Rubber turret MT-4 kit, fording, adapter. DescriDtion Plain carbon Plain carbon Rubber steel steel medium tank. MhA4. Quantity 1 1 1

seal,

cl52770
i. SPA-7 kit, fordi& . motor csrr~ Item Standard adanter Description stack rear front hull Plain Plain carbon carbon steel steel and stack. 105~mm howitzer c&anti 1 1 1 tg

Adapter,
Shield,

chapter -4- page -16-

- --v--m

SPA-10 kit. 3. carrigRe, MlO. Item Standard etack Adapter, rear Stack and adapter-air intake k. SPA-70 kit, carriage. T-70. Item

ford!nz.

adaoter Description Plain Plain Front

and stack,

Z-inch

gun motor CJaantity

carbon carbon

steel steel

1 1 1

fordizbz,

adapter

and stack,

76-mm gun motor_

Description

guanti

ty

Exhaust stack, 1190216 Plain carbon steel Exhaust adapter, Plain carbon steel ElO492 Air intake cover, D94180 Driver’s door stack assembly, D94175 Windshield wiper hose 1/8s I.D.x2 ft long bolt'3 3px1n

1 1 1 1 2

Nuts
Plate

washers Vehicle Kit

3/d” 3/S”
Requirements.

18 18 36

2.

a. Complete waterproofing of a particular tates the use of two or more kits. The kits vehicle are listed below: Vehicle Light tank, MjAl Light tank, M5 or M5Al 75-mm howitzer motor carriage, Medium tank, M4Al Medium tank, M4A2 Medium tank, M4A3 Medium tank, M’+A4 105~mm howitzer motor carriap, 3-in. gun motor carriage, Ml0 769mm motor carriage, T70 gun T-O T-O T-O T-O, T-O, T-O, T-O, T-O T-O T-O

vehicle necesslrequired for each

M8

M7

and U-3 end LT-5 and LT-5 MT-S. and MT-S, and MT-S, and MT-S, and and SPA-7 and SPA-10 and SPA-10

MT-l MT-2 MT-3 MT-4

UNCLASSIFIED

Chapter A-

Paga-17,

-----a

kU%.EPR~OFIBG OF Vl3HICLES FOB DKW WATER FORDING SECTION II WIIMtUGD AND HALF-TRACK vE;RI’%ES

1.

Composition of Kits:
a.
Item

WV-6.liit,

Fording,

Universal Descriution with

l/h

- =&-ton. Quantity long flange 1 1 set

Flexible metal exhau6t pipe Univereel exhaust flange adq t er R Universal exhaust flange ga6kets Soft iron wire Air intake hooe Air intake Houe clamp Air intake Ventilating Ventilating intake hose top hose adapter hose hoee clamps vent clamp

2" I.D.,
(set

10 ft universal of

4)

Air

Crankcase vent adapter Bundy tubing Windshield wiper hose Gray insulating enamel Compound, iw engine seal-

Righ temperature cement Paint bru6h Tape, non-hygroecopic, adhesive

(set of 5) 1 set 10 ft 18 4343 ;t3” I .D.x-jft long (3ply radiator hose) 1 Sheet metal 1 1 For @ I.D. hose To adapt hoee to car1 buretor air horn 5/V’ I.D,xlG ft long 1 uiece For 5/gn I.D. hose 3 aft hose clamp wit.h 2 connection6 for 5/S” hose 1 Wood with metal connection 1 1 piece l/8” O.D. x 4r( long 1 piece l/8” I.D. x ft long 110.4374, \Jeatinghoucle Electric Co. 1 Pt Coroc CX66 Cook Paint and Varnish Co., Detroit, Michigan, or Inc., Eloma 3lA, Penola, Detroit, Michigan 1 qt To seal flexible exhaust lb pipe, Prestite Engfneerper box of 5 kitn MO. ing co., St. Louis, 14” wide Wtilitape,” AXSs71, 26 wide, Industrial Tape Co., or 60 yda per flMy6tikn taps, Chicago bolr of Show Printing Co., Ch+c-

6

6 2

Bew Brunswick, bl.J., ago,x11.
Hn
square

kits

5

Greaee, Cloth

aebsetos

10 lb 1 piece

’ 1 ?i 1” i ‘.

j

8 ‘- -? { 6 1 i”‘ ?\ WC _*. __ “I

chaptar Pa&a -4-18.

uNclaSSlFlED b*
I_tem Soft Iron Air intake Hose clmp Air intake Ventilating Hose clamp Air intake Crankcase wire hoae hose top hose vent vent clamp adapter WV-7 git, Fordi=, Universd Deecriution 2&” I.D. x 3’ long (3ply radiator hose) a”. I.D. hose Sheet metal 5/S!’ I.D. x 7’ long For 5/8" I.D. vent hose *8 hose clamp with two connectlone for 5/G” hose Woodenplug with metal connection for hose Metal plate with connection for hose l/g’! O.D. x hyI long l/8” I.D. x 6’ Ho.4374 Westinghouse Electric Co. Coroc ~~66, cook Paint and Varnish Co., Detroit Michigan, or Eloma 3lA, Penola, Xnc., Detroit, Michigan wide w
For long

4-10-~on*
Quant i tq 10 ft

1 1

Air compreeeor vent plate Bundy tubing Windshield wiper hose Gray insulating enemel Compound, eealing engine

1 1
1 piece

1 Ft

Paint

brueh tape

Moietureproof Oreaee, asbestos

sUtilitape,n AXS871, 28 wide, Induetrlal Tape Go. New Brunswick, .N.J.

1 qt 2 per box of 5 kits 60 pd roll
per box of 5 lcitr 10 lb Lieu Quantity 1 piece 1 set 1 eet

ET-1 Kit, Fording. C. Armored Car. M. ftem Flexible Pipe E: haust Exhaust Air. metal flange exhaust adapter

Half-track: Deecriptlon

Scout

Car,

w’w:

flange gasket8
hose

intake

Wire Vent hose

‘2” I.D. x 10’ ft long with flange For half-track and ecout car (8et of 2) Exheust flange to manifold gasket8 (set of 3) 8’ Long, one end 2 3/4” one end 3” I.D., I.D., wire-reinforced non-collapsible hose Soft iron - 16 or 18 ;i:i x

1 piece 10 ft r 1 piece

7”

I.D. long

x 15/l@

O.D.

Chapter -4- Page -19-

?5!0] ppP T-jr i-1i“g[,, fi,3:{& :>i8r i E 3 *

Item Clampe Air intake vent vent clamp adapter

Descrintion Bor vent I.D. hose, T/gn

Quant 1 ty 4 for 1 metal hose long long 1 1 1

2 3/G” hose clamp with

Crankcase

Bundy tubing Windehield wiper hoee Gray insulating enamel Grease, asbestos Compound, engine sealing

two connections I.D. hose Wooden plug with connections for l/8” O.D. x 4” 1/8!1 1,D. x 6t

5/V

Xo.4j74
Electric

Wentiwhouse

Co.

3 qts for 5 kits
10 lb

High temperature cement Paint brush

Coroc, ~~66, Cook Paint and Varnish Co,, Detroit, Michigan, or Eloma 3lA, Penola Inc., Detroit, Michigan. To seal flexible exhaust pipe, Prestite Engineering St. Louis, wo. CO., wide w “Utilitape, ‘I AXS-871, 2” wide, Industrial Tape Co., few Brunswick, N,J. or %yatikN tape, Chicago ShQW Printing Co. Chicago, x11.

1 qt 2 gals per

5

kits

2 per 5 Kits

Tape, non-hygroscopic, adhesive

60 yd per box Qf 5 kit8

2.

Vehicle

Kit Reauiremente:
all necessary and including materials 2 l/2-ton to waterproof capacfty. thos? vehiclea

a.
b.

The WV-~ Kit contains any vehicle of l/b-tQn to

from 4-ton

The WV-7 Kit has all material8 to l&ton capacity.

to waterproof

The HT-1 Kit contain6 all material c. vehicles manufactured by White, Autocar, Mpl, and light armored car, M8.

to waterproof and Diamond

half-track T, scout

oar,

P 1 j4 n $7 ; p- 1 l&j /$ F,I I_ !-: ’ *fJ.“v

j, c

Ch&ptec

-49 Page GO-

li ‘1 I:,.,,
t-j I

f-5 !!‘> p p I-.\_’* c.- . I*
4:.(:..# t.,+:‘<. I’ ’

!

Item “Crancaae seal breather

DeGcription Special washer (ord. dwg. no. A-7041251) and gasket cord. dwg. no. A-7041250) used with standard hexhead cap screw 3/S”, 16$lf long. Ord. dwg. no. A-704Ord. Ord. Sheet thick

1 ea

*Crankcase vent adapter clamps Wooden pluga *Metal plugs

1253.

dwg.

no.

A-704A-704-

3 88 4 98

1252.
dwg. no. 6" x Weteraroof paper, aaaket material, spec m-P-96

1255.

4 ea 6”
l ,

1/32n 1 sheet

*These ftemv are not Return to stock. +Vsed only on tractor6 2.
c a* following

used

on Allis-Chalmers, with air

KD-7WTractor,
compressors.

equipped

Tractor

Kit

Requirements: all necessary materials to waterproof the

The kit contains tractors: Caterpillar, International Allis-Chalmers,

D4, ~6, and D7. Harvester Co., TD-9,

TD-14,

and ID-lg.

HD-7W,

!~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
chapter -4P&&&J

-22.

WAT&~PROOFII?G OF WU.PGiJS FOR DEEP WATER FORDING SECTION I SMALL ARMS

1.

General

:

The following instructions are designed to protect small arms against complete Immersion duri,w deep water fording and still permit immediate use of . operations or surf landings, They will serve a8 a general guide the material after landing. waterproofing by trainfor supplementing supervision of actual ed personnsl. 2. MaterIalA: The materials a. water fording are for the preparation listed below. small arm8 (film of small type) arm8 for (Specification deep

Cover, waterproof, i?o. P.Q.D, No. Type 1. Type 2. Tne 3. Type 4. on tanks Oil, Cover,
Cbver,

377):
waterproof, waterproof, waterproof, waterproof, pistol. rifle, submachine gun. machine gun. 2-inch (same type ae used

Cover, Cover,

Tape, adhesive,
for lubricating,

non-hygroscopic, overseas shipment). preservative.

medium (landing

operations).

Grease, Grease, stitute

asbestoe. water pump, U, S. Army 2-109, for grease, asbestos. Instructions: are started, the waterproof the weapon should be properly cover, and securely tied. may be used as a sub-

3*

Waterprooffna Before a. lubricated,

operations placed in

should b8 sealed with non-hygroThe muzzle of each mortar b. scogic adhesive tape, and further protected by an application of Gears and working asbestos grease along the seams of the tape. parts of elevating and traversing mechanisms should be lubricated with medium preservatlvd lubricating oil (landing onerations). Exposed surfaces of ring joints, sleeve joints, and other possible points of entry of water should be protected by applying asbestos. Work the grease well up against all points of the. surf&C88 grease. being covered uo e.8 to fill in all cracks, seams, holes and creBe sure that it is smoothed down well and adheres at the vices. edges.

Chapter

-4.

Page -23-

-

--

1 ,,\;i’,~J,“;y~\ G

F-j

Machine gun mounts should be handled in the C. as mortar mounts--the objective being to prevent water by using the asbestos grease.
d.

same manner the entry of covered lubricating by ail

For any other type of small arms matsrlal medium preservative these specific Instructions, (lending operations) should be used.

not

e. As soon as possible after landing operations are completed, the waterproofing material should be removed. Parts subjected to salt water should be washed with fresh water, throughly dried, cleaned, end properly lubricated as described in the pertinent t e chni cal manual s .

1) y 6 1 ? “;* rL 1x-V c T’i i . a ’ 11 I-. I s-;:i

Chaptea’ Pa~+24-4..

-

WAlWPROOFI1SG OF ~VE;IIPCl?S FOR DEXP Wdi?b;H FCPJXI:G SECTXON I I ARTIIJLERY

1.

General

:

The succeeding paragraphs in this section contain general instructions t&t are applicable to all ty-oes of artillery. The instructiona are designed to protect artillery against complete immersion during deep water fording operations or surf landings and still permit immediate use of the materiel after landing. They will 6erve as a general guide for supplementing sunerviefon of actOnly the significant points ual waterproofing by *trained persorfiel. Neceesity for extreme are covered in the detailed instructions. Every seam, joint, or care in all steps cannot be overemphasized. When waterproofing is completed, opening must be com_nletely sealed. the materiel should be careftdly inspected to make sure all openings and parts have been properly treated. a. Service Prior To WaterwroofiW,: howitzer} and carriage thorotqhly. weekly, Lubevery

(1)

Clean

gun (or

(2) Icubricete all noints ordinarily lubricated deilx, Rnd monthly in accordance with pertinent War Department Lubricate points ordinarily lubricated ricetion Guide. 6 months if they have not been done recently.

medium preservative lubricating oil to the bore of (3) qply In the case of the 4O-mm gun, the tube and breech mechanism. apply the oil to the casing and automatic load assemblies. Tighten bolts and nuts in all covers (4) cases , electrical oil gears transmission or openings such as fixture boxes, etc. to which waterproof -

Remove all oil end grease from Faints are to be anplied. compound or materials (6) b. fording Item Grease, asbestos 1. Grease water pump Cement (Bostlk 692) Cement (Bostik 292) Cover, protective, individual (gae cape) Put materiel in traveling position.

Haterials: The materials are listed for the preparation below Substitute of arti llery for deep water Source Ord. USA 2-109 Q.M.C. British Ord. Q,M.C,

Specification

ch8pt0r page -25-4-

L-I--I

1-i >,; ; j I* + *\ ’ -- ’ p F:, -

Item

Substitute 1. Cotton, oiled 2. Vinylite

Specification

source
British Ord.

Tape, adhesive, non-hygroscopic Wt ilitape” 6” wide I 4’I wide Solvent, OaKUrn Oil, lubricating, preservative, ium. Grease, O.D., msdXo. 0 dry-cleaning 1. Burlap 2. Eope

Axs43’/1 Fed, P-S-&la

(3rd. Ord. Ord .

m-674 Au-781

Ord. Ord.

C.

Use of Materials: (1) and used ana trol is used to fill all cracks and joints, Grease, asbestos, It is to cover over rivets, bolts, and taped surfaces. elevating and traversing mechanisms, axlea, on breechblocks, TTOTE: &ease. should never be aDPlied to fire e trails, ins trumeat~.

(2) Cover, protective, individual (gas cape) , is cut to proper size for covering on-carriage sighting equipment as specified in detailed instruction, (3) Cement (3ostik) , is used to cement them to metal surf aces (4) Oil, ricating seal wetezproof eheete and

lubricating, preservative, medium, breech mechanisms and gun bores.

is used

for

lub-

(5) Be cement, This is working

sure that all pests to which asbestos grease, Boetik or tape is to be aPPlied are thoroughly clean and dry. necessary to secure adhesion and to Prevent water from around or under the waterproofing materials. grease, covered Be sure work it well up against all so aa.to fill ha all aracku, that it is smoothed down well

(6) When applying asbestos points of the surface being BB~B, holes and crevices, and adheres at the edges.

(7) When applying waterproof sheet, Put cement on both the metal and the edge of the cloth to be sealed down, and prese firmly in Seal all edge0 carefully, giving particular attention to place. the folde of cloth, as water can easily.snter through hidden openfngs in a fold.
(8) Make doubly sure sealed as instructed. that ~111 electrical saulbmeat is perfectly

&y&y:.‘*;

-; * ;‘>

aaapfer -4, Pa&a -26-

(9)

Unless

otherwise

noted, to asbestos to Bostik.

ell

instructions grease.

ual~

the

term:

“See1 1 *I refer “Cement , *I refer ’

“Weterproof sheet , H refer proof covering.

to gas cape or alternate

water-

[ rv?yJyy\;~ I.

Chapter

-4-

Page -27-

?%F.Et MMiINEFQRCE, FACIFXC Date

1 %sptdter,

1#4.

c -,;c-lr -c,s CUSS XII RBXJIF~S List
c -7s adc-2 I--

of Approved Clmzl III for Canputing

Requirements. Class III Repuirements,

5-r ,... c ! \. ~ L . ,

Basic Chart

-. 3-9 <,) CL* :E
-e _ -.. -% ,--*. I_ ‘“I % 9 . *

..
APPROVED CLASS III RFMJIREZZH'J'S

t*1 2 i ii 7 8 9 10 11 12 z iz 17 18 19 iit
22 2

C-l-.*1

FIG I

mn

llni+c

AH&t? AYGas
MOGtXS YoG&e mite mite Kerosene Gas Gas

100 octane
300 Octane 80 octane 80 octane 2-103A

(L) 7-G-165 (L) 7-G-253 (L) 7-G-2% l/-K-Z.!+5 1:,-K-235 ii) 7-o-145-10

25 26 27

Kerosene Mess1 Oil Diesel Oil Lulloil L&Oil Luboil Luboil Luboil Luboil AvLube AvLulm AvLubQ Grewa GF' #l GreQso GP #l Gronso GP #2 Gmase GP #& WP Grease GP #4 WP Grease WB-HD Gcnrlube Universal Goarlubc Univcrstil

50 50

Cetane Cetane SAE 10

SAE 10 SAFi 30

SAE 30 SAE 50 SAE 50 Si!! 50
SiE 60 stJ?470

9u.o 9llo 9250 9250 9500 95oQ Il.00
1120 1150 2107 2107 2.l.08

2-1043 ' z-10433 2-104B

l.r.-o-2190-5 l/,-O-2190

u-o-2195
14-o-2l90-IO 14-O-2582-14 l&O-25$3-8 14-O-2583-14 14-G-1177-25 14-G-1177-110 U-G-1305-25 l&c-1384?5 l&G-W%.-25 &G-3.425-25 U-L-188-15 u.-L-288-30

2-107 2-108 Z-110 Fed W-L-761

53-G&. Drum 5Ga.l.can 53 Cal Drum 5 Gal can 53Gd h 5 G&l call 53 Gal Drlu'J 5Gal.Carl 53Galr)rum 5 Galcan 53 Gal. I 5 GQI-CQE 53 GalDrum 5 cdl can 53GalDrum 5 Gal. can 53 GdDm 53GalDrYm 53 '331 Drum 35 Lb can
ll0LbDmm 35 Lb Can 5 Lb Can 35 Lb Can 35 Lb Can ll0 LbDrm 225 Lb Drum

SKE $3 sm 90

2109 2309 2110

c -7 ha. F is ti -T -* f.

IBASIC IXWCi! XGi CCzMmTfNG CLASS Iff 1. symbols. 3e Symbol8 used in column 3 of Chart. 4. Gearlube a. 3.

iUQJID'~TS w SAE 90.

5 c-5 z CJU 2. Gj -g-i-1 w 0 % # if b I I I I I

4% of b$ of

total total

ga;2lons gallons

of WGas and MoGas. of Diesel fuel.

KG

hCas cm

AG AVGaS
WG wldte Luboilw

D Diesel Zbel R Kerosene

5. Perosene.
g.

-5s of total

gallans

of NoGas and Diesel

fuel.

total gallon8 a. 3.5% of total gallons
2. J$ of 2. Luboil 1. to be supplied

of Avhs

6. ‘Qhite following percentages.

Gasoline. s. 2.5 &.I.. per man per month, provided number of usfng not available. b. Bmber of unl t s known, use amounts shown in Chart. arake .5 Gal. fuel. Flufd per (HP). each 101x, gallons of
.ivGas.

and KoGas. of Diesel fuel.
in the 9110

units

2. 39 3. AvLnbs,
I. 45 of

5% 7M 25%

s&E 10

w3Q m% 5Q

92% 9500

7. tiydraullc 2.

P‘oGas and Dfesel

total

gaUvns

of

AVGaBr

EL Greases. E. 2. 2. g. 2. g. Brote. 4. Hmphibious trucks as required for Radial engines, vi11 rewire 2 times standard vehicles. transmissions the quantity of GP 49 grease and wheel beari% PD grease General Purpose #l Gener8l Purpose #2 General PurLjose $4 Wheel Bearing HD Graphite l.Q$ of total Gals. -laGas & ho&as .5$ of total Gals, .WGas B EaIoGas .I$ of total Gals. AvGas & NoGas .2Cp of total Gals. &Gas & MoGas 50 Lbs. per each 100,000 Gals. AvGas, Gals. Xesel Gals. Diesel Gals. Diesel total Gals. Xesel MoGaa and Diesel fuel.

I, z CT-2 r(5 03 ._kAI -7 i-u .zl

3.05 of 1.0% of .I$ of .2$ of

total total total

fuel fuel fuel fuel

i. 5.

and differentials

in LvT’s

require nercentages

SAX 50 luboil. of gearlube and greases are

Pigores arrived at in paragraphs in pounds - no t e]anon s *

4 and 8 in determining

c r c r C 6 P d u =a Q

c

d 4

i 1

I

b 6 I

f I

6
.
.

:

6 1

i 1
n

I "

s

n

3

I

.

i .

e L
.

I

6

R.

l

. I

.

6

6 I
1

.

6

n

I
e bl

I

.

'I

I

I I

i .

m

t f E
e

: 5 5 5 : L 1 : 1 ; , 9 1

I

i

L

. 1 . L .

; :

:

i ; I I I

: F j : : E . 5 ‘: . . .

: : ; : : . 1 ; . :

; . w . I E

,:

4 3 ;

i

,
l : I !

.

1

i t b

I: I
d

i

:
; .

! . . . .

:

*

.

I

I
i

P m ,

I

I

I

L

ED

-319

BASZCCHAwf FClR~!WlJTTNG CLAS.111 SXPi.L,LFj

3

5 !: F&t Gals Per i-bur
Eaulbat earri.sQn

6 7 Eat Hrs Peq Da
CTombaf earriso:

8 9 Est ibils Per Pay Combat hrrison

10

11

Est Ga$s 30-Days Combat Garrisoa
..-2. I. 3, -1 L ,. ....= . ..e ..-.a 1

iij s c;3 ; g 0 z Iw !i 24 Y

-“‘i.

, I L .,

BASIC C%RT FOR COMPUTX!JG CUSS III SWELIE MAFUIfEiCOPdsnT AND GARRISONF'ORCES
(Cont'd)

I.@ d % w -

,

ad b PI 4 8 4 5-d 1 W’ # 6 a & ts. 1: M”

4 ,

.

6

6
I

: 6

i4 23 :.‘I &! z:& k -1 0 I-73 32 &3 4 5 z --. E F If3 L%& I 5” 9 2” &PH - .. 171 b.‘ 0 31 2 8

:3 z

: 6 3

f s-t ’
&C in * 3 +, z; #J I

I

3

.

8

Qlr RI 96

I i .

c

I 1 I I I 6 6 s %

.=i
b “n B

cl3 LL.i i& -c.83 ;+) -5 5s L.. ‘.3

saxod Mosmf) CWJ alzw3 m1ttvBQ SWIddiE! III: S!3'T3 3lU;tndRO3 '1106~‘I3 3IYT

‘j !j i :j t is IE 9: IF ;G 1 “+ 4 )!

cj 7 C

tbgter

,4- pago -36.

- I,-----

BASIC CHAFtTFOR CWPU':IfK CLASS III SCrPXIES Mfdtfl'lE COMBfiTMD GARRISONKORCES (COr?t'd)

1
c-

I

2

Item

3 1: 5 %TPe Est Gals Per Hour Fuel. Combat Garrison

Est Hrs Per Day Combat Gmrison

6

7

Est Gals Per Day Est Gals 30-w Combat Garrison I Combat Qm-is3nJ .-em

8

9

10

11

Kitchen Urny] Lantern. aasoliae

iG 1 HG f

I

l-r-

b

l, . .

B:LXC C&J3T FOR CCKFUTI’iX CL&S Xl1 zc: a’:-?;;:3 M/Al-NE COl@tiT .3-D GLRRISOtl Z’ORCZS (Cont’d)

c --p SC““‘1 e, g: c/s CL=+> - IL, --s-.-: f-F-7 “; g: -I Jf z f g 2d 7 I I I I I I

m-.-e.

“.-

-.

~-.-_,

_

-

. .

m--v

. ..--A

I

,._I

-

.._

--.“^“.m.

*.

.

c

_,I_~--

b.-..-x./T*T

~

--

so-

-.__

-

_._-

-I._

c----

. ..-.--%

--

-

---_-

--

:; t,)j& ;:’ tJ i-!d $

- i r- P i ;.. : t‘ 1Ly , “. 2

Al’%RAGF, M#4UNITION XXPEXDITUE2 FF.R N'EAPW PER DAY OF WBRATIogl ROUNDS
CIBCPCA
WEmE UXIT OF FIRE '/thInfDiv HsrShAll IlBlfUldP

165th
BCT
makin

26 Marina Dlvl alon krawa

7thIafMr Attu

lat.hrDiv CEipB

(5 aas”)

1eland (3 aasd 55 87 521
1154 ~egligfbls

(3 dad

Gloucester (26 W8)

Crrmbins,Cal.jO Bffls, cal..p

45
100

36.g 73 325
1162 Illegligibla 121

45 43 215 1187
I?egligibls Begligible

6
ll-'03

16 52 “Y

Ml 23
1008 *I 13s 122 a -

Baa, caL*Jc
Bmo, CaLJo

500
lpO0

923
Q 173

Pietal,Ca.I..45 SW, Cal..45 MC),CELL.50

14 200 600

55 139 61 l=S 6

420

400
lOo$ !s

6”“i’ mF*r
( nhuinatiag

100
97% 3%

!h 4%

LI

a -

0%

-

37m ba A!! or Tank
iti @-hY.nfster

100 s5P 10%

20 -

21 -

&ii -

5% 2-& 10% go% b!sl -

-

W -

3?y@h (HE 7m G=b

M

SPorTaalc. Iz o@ 10%

41 50%

425 1'0'9:

-

5 " m

75EMHOW
Field

(HE w/M48 Fuee 150 (HE w/my4 Fllze 105 AT 15 30

& Pack

z

3" 11

7%

216 -qii 0% 1%

-

f$ I~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

22 b -

'E-

3:5 9%

Chapter -4- Page -39-

------a

A-GE

ROUIDS dlMMUhTXTIOIJ IUPEHDITURE WIXPON DAY OF OPE~TIO?? (%mt%) PER P3B CIHCPOA

UNIT OF FIR3

7thInfDiv H&reherl;l IBl~d~ (5 fkd

165th

RCT

M&f A

2a Maine DlYislem TWaplrep

p,IniDfv Attu

(3 bl3d

18k&Uld

(3 cieye)
o_

l&MarDfv Cape C)louc@5t@r

(26we)

1ogM Eowltser
Field & SP OfE AT
(HE w/w3 Puce (HE w/Mp+ Fuze

*

& -

3 "
M

(WI) Smoke Howitzer, Field Hl
(w

d I L2 -

155mn 32 m w/m47 fit 70$ or (BIc w/W55 01 6720$
10%

h, 3” a
Iti

vfhselr(l & SP

59

12.5

37.5

g

-

-

-

-

5
1
2 e L m

b-cher, 2.361 6 Booket, AJ! Bocksts
(8atooku).

Pidol,

tdJn1e very 10A8s’tB 4 or
2

pFo-


Xsgligible

biegligible

2

w

LauAchsr &ifle orenadso, AT

@reAudsa

liyu

2

10

I

a

*

The CINCPOAWIT OP FIRE has CLd,$ff+rant U/X for the 1Ofsrw How Bfeldrr tti the 105MU SP, but beceure thetie were reported together they are aleo listed together QA this CQlnpuri5QA.

p 0 ! r 1y “1 u N : !, A %j 18 , ;: L 6

Qhupter A.

P-e

-4O-

1‘i!yJ ~wIy--~‘~ .J I P.2dst3

designed.to hmdle a &.niznum load 1. wei ht* The eargo sled WGIB Eiowever, it wad found that the sled oould be handled of 3,ooo --i&G. po better with a lighter load md 2,000 pounds was adopted as.the most desirable weight. In loading sled8 , with more than one type of material making up the load, it ie important that the weight distributicrrr be aa eymmtrioal M poeaible to faoilitate handling. 2. Heights of load. Frownthe Transport Quartsmastar~s point of v&m, all the sleds should ham the S(UBB height 80 that the oargo in the ahipr holds obn be floored over when neuesaarye Beoause of the tam porsible without wing l-go rioty of Praterialr pall&Axed, this was amounts of dunnage and mating ahipping spaoe. Hcmver, ft WESrpeoified that the loaded rled should mt sxaeed 40 inohea Prum the bottom of the runner to the top of tha load. Phi6 perPitted the load itrelf to be 52 inoher in height. It ma desirable to lirait the height of the loaded rlsd rlso from a stability rtandpoint, A lower center of gravity dserasrss ehe tendenoy of the rled to tip over while it is being lifted or tomd.
not

In mme easea it was requested that oaPtain mmand equipmmt be aeoured on a single aled. This involved the amanging of the variouo aired boxes and artiales 80 that a stable, smoke load was obtained. This ma amomplirhed by uring the tieid aaterirlr to be loaded an a particular sled to m&e up the four ooraerr pad using any aoft or non-rigid matsria&s in the aenterc The load ehould ti solid, square , and level 6a top 80 that the sleds oan be rtaoked and, whenever neoemm=y, dunaage should be used to aaoomplirh thir.

I--+ ---y,jL--,::

::q

t I& -9

T
e-u h-t -T
s- ‘;’

-‘..” I 6). z--r-

! ’I I -+- I ‘I-I- --- I I II -qs ---- -I1

I

1

------

-+----

i ;
-7 I +_t:

1 I

1

I ----

C-e-

'ZIZ

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Data

T3A NO. 949 949 949 949 949
0 2 3 I VI I if e

VEHICE Tra!.ler, power unit, spare

PdkKE Trailer Trailer Fruehauf Fruehauf Fruehauf each Westinghouse Fruehauf liutocar Elec, Gc&p.of Amer. Corp.of Amer.

MOI3%L SET OR SK-X4 SK-U SCR-270-B SCR-270-B SCR-270-E SCR-270-B SC&%'O-B SCR-270-B SCR-270-B SCR-270-B SCR-270-B (Navy) n fl n ;Srmy) * " " IJ (Navy) n

E3NGTI-i 11' 81

CWl!H CU,FT.

:ZIGHT

6’6” 6’6” 7’6” b’ 8’

370 280 2700 1512 1512 223
2Cco 24700 woo 21&C 1,

Semi-trailer, Trailer, Trailer, Trailer,

de-hwidlfying

antenna power operating (2 each set), antenna K-22-3

3cr 18’ 18’

949 949 949 949 c F 949 949 .J 949 949

Boxes, antenna Semi-trailer,

$3OfJ l-4275
12500 21595 2=49&5 Il.0125 13610 17550 16740 720 u5 us 4-275

30'
17'

81 8’6” et@
,516" 8'6"

2386 1204
2x% 2180

Prime WOVCI~ K-32 (Lutacar) Truck, Truqk, Truck, Trailer, Trailer, Trailer, Crates Crates

” p -. :.:: “ -,
:;-'; N. : I.' -‘u - "3 -*.

K-30 K-31 K-33
opwzting SKQ-2226 Gruohauf Mehauf Fkuehauf

25’ 25' 27’ 18 3.8’ 30,

/ G I r

1963
1510 1510 16UO

r-,c> 1.. > I.= .>S’

SCR-270-D SCR-270-D

8’
8' f3t

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K-64-C
each each

SCIt~2‘70~D n
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(4 each set),
(2 each set),

'266 15 225 30' 8’ 2386

Box, one Semi-trailer, antennil

FruehQllf

SCR-Z'O-D

Tl3A Nb.

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MODELCR SET SCR-2X-D SCib27C-D SCR-270-D SCR-270-D Corp.of Corp.of Corp.of
Corp.of

TXNGTH 17' 26' 25' 27' 20' 11' 8' 20' 21' 21' 21' 21' 20' 21' 21'

HIDTH CU.FT E;'6" 8th" 13r6~' 8'6" 8' 6'6" 6' 6" 8' 8' 8' 8' 8' 8' 8' 8' 1204 2375 2275 1980 1640 370 2w lb40 1750 1750 I.750 1750 1600

NEIGIiT 12500 26196 29228 10100

949 949 949 ?49 951 951 951 95-1 951 951 951
951

Prime mover, K-32 Truck, Truck, K-3L1

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TrailUTrailer Trailer Trailer GMC GE GMC GMC Fruehauf K-7'7A K-7&1 Fruehauf Fruehauf Co. Co. Amer.

Trailer, Trailer,

operating power (spare) de-humidifier operations spares, sparos, power, #I, #l K-60 #2 K-60 K-60

Lmer. SP-UUI Amor. SP-lx ixicr. SP-lA4

4COO 2000 ~000 1X00 u.010 16360 1y3!jo 12500 lOgo0 9650 c 5 z z .-L -T-t FY cc2

Semi-tmilcr, Trailer, Truck, Truck, Truck, Truck, Trailer, TraiScr, Trailer,

Amer. SP-lb!

SCR-527
SCR-527 SCR-527 SCR-527 SCR-527 SCR-527 SCR-527

power, #2, R-& operating, antenna, antenna, (a),

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951 951
951 953

1690
1690 75

Boxe,s & Crates Truck, operating

S~~(~~/TPS-2)(~2-T7)(~~~~) General Electric Intcr,Harvester Trailer Corp.of

600 5500 1000

953:,
953x

SO-m/ml SCb7?S/12E;I

17' 7'

8'

1100 4.00

Semi-trailer,

spare part3

7’

E%GI%EERI%G PAGE MATERIAL Am LABOR mQuIm FOR300 YARDS OFYIBIE~~GL~T ............... (w$mw3PPAI%Ts .................... DAILY wAT~~4pIR%bf%%TS. ............... T%ICK%%SS RJt~IRED FORPROTECTLOB AGAIBST SIEGIB ....... ... SHOTS DIRECT-FIREWXAPOIS BY rpIIIcRlJESS REWIREDFOBOVER-H%AD PRoTECTIOE AGAIIST PmTitAflo% PLUS=mSIO% ....... AGAIfSf THICRliWS I.U$QJIRED PEOTECTIO% FOR _IPENETRATION FROM PROJ%CTILPS A%D BOMBSEXPLODI%GWITHI%JO FEET. ............. TIM%A%DLABOR FORCO%STRUCTI%G %%TR%%CHHEIIITS STX%LROADA%DLA%DI%GMATS .............. vBIHICL% F'OSTEfl A%D CU'ACITIES STXELPA%%L FIXED ............ BRIDG%,BAILEY TYPE.. PROPORTIO%S, BATCHQ,UA%TITf%S, UNIT QcTA%A%D TITIES FORCO%CIWl!% MIX33 ........... 1 e

3

b-5 6 ; 9 10

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2 7Q Q

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6x available -;" ,I I, %.A -.' _ ;I : 3Available J

in the ZoUowing Light green

standard sand Fidlidrab

colors: EaFthbrown Earth yeuow Loam Earth Olive
red43lack

drab

White

Dark green In O.D. only,

'Available

in O.D. and black

only.

sAvailable

in natural

(black)

only.

Conditions

of use

Locomotivee (coneump tion per locomotits. Commercial.....,,...,.. Shower bath . . . . . . . . . . . Water closet.......... Lavatory, basin or efnk......,,......., Urinal................ Semipermanent buildings (conaumptfon per fixture)................ , . . . . . . . . . Do.......,.... . . . . . . . ..Do a....,.,.,.. . . . . . . . ..Do . . . . . . . . . . . .
VI&JFit&le

40 al 4-O

mile. 200 gallons per train mile. Depends on number of using personnel Rnd frequencey of use. Do. Do. Do.

Chapter

-6- ~tqe -3-

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RHWfIRICDTHICKN-BSS IN FXET OF OVERHEAD COVERFOR PROT%CTIOH AUXNST PEI?ETRATIONSPLUS EXPLOSION.

Protective

material

b

I

High-explorfve

shell I

General-Pwpoae loo-lb. 250-lb.

bomb8 50%lb.

75-m
Reinforced coacrets inchr 1 l/2

105-m

155-m

(4,000 lb./aq.

2 l/2

3 l/2

3 l/2

4 l/2

6

Stone masonry or plain coIlcrete.............. Logs, &iach diameter Cashed minimuRl wired....... 3 2

6

6

9 l/2

5 7
14

: 7 9
1s

7 9
1G

9
12 24

12 16

stone..........

4
8

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32

t
HOTIE.

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thickmes

giV8n is for a single

hft

only.

1; i‘,gJJy-‘y ;’ : ‘l? *.

Chapter -6-

Page -6-

~.Asn--~.m.~-A--

_s--

THICKYESS AGAINST TILES PEEIT, Par6 catlou.
AND

OF PENETRATION BOMBS
lletsd

tiA%=IRXALS OF IXPLODING In td9le
will giQ6

REQ?JlfRED F'RABMEBTS AT

TO FROM

PROTECT PROJICOF

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50
in

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except

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Solid

wallr .L............, Brick masonry.. . . . . . b a...**...*..* (plain)..... r............

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fimbsr . . . . . . . . . . ..l... Vallr of 10080 material

packed between boards:

Earth . . . ..*........... Sandbag6 filled Brick with'--

. . ..*...*....

rubble..

. . . . . . . . . . . ..**a.....

Sand . . . . . . . . . m. . ..I. ;.

PaPam3trJ of 2Sand (dry)...........s IDarth (dry) . . ..*.*....
l ..*...*....*

l

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,.......

*

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igures given
glven

in multiples to nsarset l/2

of width foot.

or thlckmwr

of

2p fguraa

smdbags~ i IV.' : r" -y:gyj ) 2t ,-,t,,<t I / zb .:I W

Chapter

-6-

P-O

-7-

LABORFOR COEISTRUCTIWE?JTREbTC~S*

Shallow

coweot

Standard Tremhr (lo-yd. Sec. with cm fire pou,

*Standard

tools,

average

6oil

58.

REPAIR OF MINE CRATERls Man-Howe Required

5s.

distance
and tne

16 not over 200 yard6 number of truck6 i6 One-

60x diameter

in yard6

Elatet

The volume BP a mine orater v=

is appv&matsly

given by formular

0.4 D2d

Whera V 1 volume of water in oubic yard6 D - distance aoroes top of crater in yards d - depth of orater fn yard6

; 1 p 96’ E 4 s y;~f b” t s- “: - i \I.“. “d *.1

Chapter

-6-

Pale -8-

----m-w

___I-

a3

3 z32qcu e-i lg E o\ R%

FL

a %3 8;

% e a3 88 y434N?i

4, G% J c-k? $ m t?

s”

Ed 03 3 h 3 s’ msJ

a % i! +t % 3 % iI 5 R e 4 8 1 ! iI 0 8 4 f 4 w % s d I& ii! s a 8 7 9 & *

i-j 3 1 3 ii Q 3 Iii 0 % a 3 3 ii 0 2

I rb twyd 4t-J~ 3

t 1R ;s”2

5 -e i f ij 1 H r ai Q ?a 3 UT 3 A 9u i 2 itI +- : E 9 I! bc! i L%g: I I c Pfi Pfs s i ii 9 0
- - - - - -

4 “g % a I- 3 % s-: Ii CM*4 #j ii iI ~6F~~ P ,5
UNCLASSIFIED

3 !i : f “;@ 0 ‘El 31

I Ii I 9 iI vi ?o‘;2 a $, . s 4-d

Cheptsr, -6-

page -9-

j&A;i:1‘2,.i"8 ; :. 1 r _I

.

:'.,i'..i

i.,bx.ii

P : 'e. VEHIOU! ABD POSl’EFi CAPACITIESSTEELPANELFIXED BRIDGE,RALIZY 'PYPE . L,:
$.--;1=<

(tentative,

eubject

to revieion

by further

hate)

85 1

DS

I-

_ TS

I

DD

f

TD

:19 FEET rl~~l~l~I~Es~~I~~~l~l~ IN
TONS

Traotor D-4 w-dozer Car asmored light, M8

7 8 9
9
f--y SAFE

Car half-track 162 9 Other rrhfolss uuder 10-T 11 Grader mm mtrd (Z&r) Truok 4-T wrecker 11 Tank light M2M a2 Truok, 2+-T w/lSSnm How oarr Ml 11 distributor R&W) b.mk 4-T poaton rank light H3 frk traoter 44T w/mmitir fuel l erp F-2(AC) Lraotor D-? mfdo&aF light M6 rFk&wat.or bYi! ~rennitir polltan tbtor iwriage M8 KS km3%rkgfAssE0) Pruuk 6-T o&go Cranb trk-mtd, u/crrru rtotwbsatr tir fruok 4-T l&am Ear
aarr MI3 huok rank voking O-1 (AC) Cram buak trketd (Ibgr) 4-T oargo (66~60 u

12

lb
1s

14

12
1': 16

[--7CAUTIC nmAI"E L.&s n-0 Is rnTS 0-l DD EluP 4 =UITH

14 -18
1s 16

L

6unmr
D-4 w/doter
kz

Tractor

Truok 4-T aargo w/8 T tir /3hAAlEA2 T 'k6T T%ik 6:T :/&w~ AA Ml Ii&or oarriage It? Trk-traotor 6-T w/stitir wrsokinK C-2 E-16 loading Motor oarrfage Ml2 Motor oarriaffe Ml0 Trk-traotor 7+? w/sem$tfr fuel se& F-1 (AC) Truuk 7&T w/lS&rmagun
oarr 6mi-tir M2 & It3

20
2
i2:

24

k6

1 26
lee

Trk-traotor

5-6T w/20-T

1
134

P

Truck 6-T w/16-T tir TaalcmediuasY5 hank amdium M4 krrd% .
f~~r?$tf$lC!~

31 32
34 i;:

Truuk 7-&T w/x)-T tit T-14 T8nk assault

3s 4c 6C
Chapter

-6-

Pege -lo-

j :! u;k&{_/;y&

ii.;)

--.

I

__

^

^I

L..

-.

^-.

^-.-I-.-”

-~I”-_UI-I--..-III_L.II_

mr-,-c~o~mh4~tDrnru~~~c~-~~ f 9*--qe* p; a39 s‘;G*L”,@” y P P-* + 6 ‘4 aooao*caaooooc$o”&& p”“dr? iiGaxcm~*~; c&36 -&mQ-+ Q’ a’ s” 0’ CT 0” Q’ ra’0” Q”& CrbT0” 0” n’ c d d

$$g$gjgg”8g?g8 d8 8% R” ;,a”0”d .40”0’r-7 c4” d d 8-Tci I$ A 0’ f-i CT 3S:‘$~~$~%~~3S6”33~ d 0’0’d 0’d d s”Q” 0”s’a0 0’ca” d as d 6
s3SZ3=is8 0’ 0’ a’ 0’ a’ 0’
2~ssta 9’ s’ d G 9’ s’

P ! E! i! : s E Es m % & I! a 1 8 F!

I 31 b) jil a’ B1 dzih &i “9 4ad a* k SC SIG
2’ 0 Gi

%%RFR8 4&G&i
l 4”

i%a‘

mng PCI d.9. 9 0’ r-i da’& rJ OIa
e

d. _

SG PA.

T! 3 E; cv,1? 9auhP-*Y\
9

:‘j::

o?idcz

cr\~ycdrl4tP ..**.. T%%wd

O*-t~~*uk~mQ~wOr--e~~Q ri 4 l-4 I c\i c;c;2 ri Pil4Pi4 oi@i cl3’Gs;d

Oe*mQC+ c3 A 2 c3 cu’ ri

I

l4dr”4d4d@-lf4df-ldddf+44dd

Chap. 6 Page -11-

oportione,

batches,

etc.

(cont'h)

w+Erample: Assume a mix w5th water-cement ratio of' 8.0 and dry-compacted proportfons 1 to 2.9 to 4.4. The damp 100ae proportions are 1 to 2.9 X 1.20 to 4.4 X 1.06 m 1 tc 3.5 to 4.7. Free moisture carried by aggregate is l/2 X 3.5 + l/4 The net water to be added at the mixer is 8.0 - 2.9 = 5.1 &lone. X 4.7 = 2.9 gallons. A two-aack hatch of this mixwculd require: 2 I[ 5.1 * 10.2 gallona of water added at the mixer 2x1 r-2 sacks of cement 7.0 cubic feet of dsmp-loose cand 2x 3.58 2 x 4.7 * 9.4 cubic feet of damp-loose gravel Batch quantities for each mix are shown for hole numbers of sacks of cement to give a batch volume not greater than

2; 2 .3?,.,. . c:. r4s.. A”% m .^ *^“. B.*..e p-

lJ$ cubic feet.
&lit QUantitieS bUted OXl fOllOning IMMUBlptionS: IlXXh'=tdJW?h 8&nd catTying4perc#UIt per cubsc foot) with damp-loose volums 1.20 times dry-compacted volume; BDi8t m-1 CEilT$bg (l/4 gallon per cubic foot) with damp-loose volume 1.06 times dry-compacted volume. placed, To estimate quantities for a particular job, and add about 5 percent to cover unavoidable multiply unit quantities loss ard mste. by the total mOi8ttU-e bp lWi&lt(1/2 f$inOA 2 PW-CtBnt EoiStUlW & Weight concrete to bc

volume in cubic yards.of

*WSxample: 120 aubic yarda of concrete are to be placed using a 1 to 2.3 to 3.6 mix (by dry-compacted volume), ratercement ratio 7 gallona per sack, and l-inch maximum size aggregate. Estimte of quantities of materials needed with a 5 percent llargin for unavoidable loss and waat'e ia: a. J3yvd.alme: Mated&l -:
fine

Concrete to be placed 3.20 X X X X

Allowance for aete 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 X X X X X x

unit quantity frw t&l? 3.15 0.53 0.72 ,f r.is 0.68 a99 = : 8 = Z Z

Quantity

nseded

A_ ‘kII<‘ . _. -.. ;->. J .b.z+ - ,e”r ix< ‘3, ._ -. ->‘=i ”b-1~ .,+“..eJ _..: _. .*

649 aaaka (162 bCUT818) 67 cubic yards (damp&~

aggregate aggregate E@ might:

(8and): (gravel):

120

coerse

91 CllbiC 35I'dS (ChSp-1OOm) 649 sack8 at94pounde each61,ooO pounds or 30.5 tona 86toner (damp)

b,
Cslpetii

fine war89

aggregate(d): aggregate (gravel):

120

X X

123 ton8 blamp)

.-

Pmqm-tionr, -

batchee,

(cont'rl.)

6 c gi5 i-5 -a --n -. j--u
W

x/2 to1 3*4 5 to ,7 l/2to 1
:z l/2 to 1

6 1/2

7 8

3-4 5 to 7 r/2 to 1 3b4 5 to 7

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2.6 2.2 2,Q. 2.8 2.5 2*2 3.0 2.7 2.4 3.4 3.1 2.8

4.4 3.8 3.4 4.7 4.2 3.8 5.0 4.5 4.1 5.5 5.1 4.6

1

1 1.9
I.7 2.4 2.1

2.2

1 1 1 1 1 1

3.9 3.4 3.0
4.2

7.3 11.9' 12.6 87:; 1x4 8.5 z::
1::;

: 3 2 ; 2 2 2 2 2 2

L9 2.6
2.3

308 3.4
4.5

1.06 1.04 1.01 1.07 1.05

1.03
a.07

1 2.1 1 2.9 1 2.7 1 2.4

4.0 3.7 4.9 4.6 4.1

1.05 LO3
1.07 LO5

0.51 Q.48 0.47 0.51 Q*5@ 0.47 O.fiP 0.4s 0.47 0.53
0.51 0.5u

10.9

1.03

0.78 0.76 0.74 a*79 0 ""9-F s:% o,*E? 8*"F-i 1 i$, .* b'?5-2 a 7':'rc, ',,.. @ !I' r
-_ ,_~‘~. ._

1 i 1 ‘: I

I

l&oportiona in table ara somguted using a~ge tiuea. worbbility should be adjusted thm!af’br $0 give the
9 8 Fz Y +

They are fntendd 14;~ guide for f%?-attd.a% dx. a Aggmgata (slump) without chsngbg the w~A~~~r-c~~e~~,x~~~~~,

propozc~~t;~~~.

p II

“Eramtple A two-sack batch wing l-inch maxhum size aggregate, water-cement mtio 7 @9ons psr %*&x9 4l~m 3 to 4 .kcher, 9E& : dry-coaepaobd mhmetrie prqwtione of 1:2:3:3: 6 is selected for trial. It t!.lma out to 'be too w%t ci‘B.rge ehq) ati appears trs be oversanded. fnV'e8t~~tiOn 8houe aOiSttlB3 OOntent Of aggP3gate SboUt all 8bOWZI pIIcpBgZYk# 132e: A ~rb~lat aXId 2 ~ro4snt by =Xk&% i!l respectively In fine and aoaree aggpegatee,
To edjarrt th18 mix, first increase amount of coarse aggregate with a corresponding Batch quantities from table are: aement and tending to correct overzlanded condition. crater . . . . . . . . . ..*.................*.... 9.3 fpllona t3-A 2.0 aecks . . . . . ..*.....*................... flne aggre@e.........................5.5 CU. ft. (damp-loose) coarseaggregate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...7.6 cu. ft. (damp-loose)
Suppose coBree aggregate for second trial is increased aggregate that carries l/4 gallon free water per cubic batch qumtitiee for second trial then are: *;atc!w (9.3 - 0.1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...9.2 cement ..,.*....**......*..*.*......*.. 2.0 ffne aggregate......................5.5 coar8e aggreete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...8.0 &tch damp-loose quantities based on following asswnptions: decrease in added water, t&s scorac&.eing orj. B 4

i

cp I

1 3
; i
f

F

Adding cubic feet ccaree 0.4 0.4 from 7.6 to 8.0 cubic feet (damp-loose.) Ad justed foot (par. 1328) introduoea l/4 X 0.4, or 0.1 gallon extra water.
gallone sacks
cu. ft. cu. ft. (damp-loose) (damp-loose)

moderately wet sand carrying l/2 gallon of free moisture per cubic foot tit.h voluw~ 1.20 times dry-compacted volume; moist graval carrying l/4 &lon of free moisture per cubic fort with damp-loose volume 1.06 times dry-compacted volume. Water quantities have been adjaeted for moisture carried by aggregate. Asmunt &OWE be, %u IXI added at the mixer.

I a F i
$ z

8

cr.2 6’La.. g i?z cd9 =z 5 0

2b --

I -_

f

i Y cn

c -,9 3 r-Tr=r 3‘3 VJ “-;; M.-h-; t-l CT3

I

I I

i /

:

I ~ 1

r-

C~~~rtum

51to 1OOonpnge 2.

#tmGT1uToI(aoot*d)

,s 0 z v, 2l Ei 2 % r, d q k i1 F I I I I I I

na= R@WUWB BoPB8, mg*

+,; LyjJblTi~ 1,,Q
..-

of rap,.

m=

ml&

mm lKll?lm, 4m QWaf48rlk YrQp8rtler *

f ormlasr

hle~ of bbwb.
(1)

@d@w~r~n$ Btr@m W be appm4mtsd

by the fO11OWhg

Yiber rope: ‘ptD2

T 18 Sapa working rtrwr lrr tom. D la diameter diaoletar of metal of one ride of lfnk. 2Data ir

Zn lnabq.

For

chsln,

D :r

ths

for ei oal rope.
[qyj ,I >l.E**( y-yyf”~ ’ A I

Chapter -6- ?IQ;o -16-

IJMCLASSIFIED

SAli% LOAD 02 HOOKS.

Diameter af metal (inches)

Ineide diameter eye (inches)

of

Width of opening (inches) 1

Safe load tponndd

5/g
ll/16

3/4 ?/f3 1

1,000 1,200 1MQ 2,400

1 1/16
1 l/i3

314 7/g 1
1 l/8

1 l/S
1 l/4

1 l/4 1 3/g
1 l/2 1 11/16 1 7/g 2 l/16 2 l/4 2 l/2

3.400
4.m 5,O@J 6,000 8,000

1 3/g
1 l/2

1 l/4 1 3/g
1 l/2

1 5/s 1 314
2

1 5/g 1 7/g
2 l/4

9.~0
11,000

2 3/g 2 3/4 3 l/g 3 l/2

3 3 31s 4

13,600 17,000 24,000

2 5/g 3

Chapter -6.

Pace -17-

--m-m

a

PROPPBTIStU

OY

CHlIllS,

u
Safe working;

(‘. I ,Y 1 ‘: i,

/ t.;-

;

,7

f’> ! $

,.

:, ,,I’-<,

, : ‘_ ‘I

load I sort Bteel .(pounds) Special atee1 .(pounda)

bTprma1 rice (incheo)

Approximate weight per 100 feet (pounds)

CoInmon
IrOn

{pounds)

,fiig;h-grade iron (poundsJ

3/g ?J1.6 l/2 5/g :g 1 SLING

160
210

2.780
i

t; g
1,190

,500 6,W

,460

':"gE z ,960
7,620
11,16Q

*300 k e$0 '8,460
12,ooo

6,400

5,260

15,200 28,660 36,400
211000

10,500

g.300

10,140

14,000

la,6oo

20,460

?9Qo

&wo 21,200

LOAD

CHART.

STRESS IX

EACH LEG OF

A SLUG ASSEMBLY IS
SLIIG STRESS

FOUND BX DIVIDIHG

THE TOW

BY TBlE l4UKWR OF LW3S. OVitR OR UbTDER 1,000 LOAD BY 1,000

ZF THE LOAD IS DIVIDh: TJ5E TOTAL

POUMX,

AND MULTIPLY BY TfIl

SLIlU3 S'I'RESS FOUND IN THE TABI. CORRESmBDI4G AWUE.

POE THE

~-~~.~~L~~~~~~~E~

ChaTher -fL

Pa&s -18-

--

--

--

WICIOHTS

OF

COMMOli

H&FERIALS*

Wf?, ................. aray ca&...e ...

hQha1t
Brerr..

.........................

..............................

Brlak

................................

BrQnte.~

...............

Oml: hrthracl ts ............ Bi ttincnar ............
concrrter &fniOFCW3
............ WJ

Dry r&Urn ...... 97 a4 Boak, Solid: Qruilt@ ......... s&ale ...........
Sospstono .......

Plain
Qoaper,

.................

144hlyO
...........

Trap ............ aa* .............. snowt mmh fallen ....

12zg7 162-175 lS7-lgo X9-131 5-12 15-;ro 474-494
75

art.

549-55s

bFtht 0-t
Dry,

campaet6d .
........... 10006

........

100

wet,

aoup4st

....

PBIIp, plrstia

.........

110 st+s1
iar 65z ............. ............... ...............

Corronr
Dry,

Molmt, aompscted..... had, web;
Yluld .................

'Pin

455 62.4 64.0 438 Lb. per -1.
g.45

104-120
110~130

Watsrt
?rrah

GOrp&&SJd

.............

........... SOlb .............
..............

Sand:

Dry, coinpatted ........ Dam), 1008~...........

110 94

ZGfna
P@trolatm produata
Aqihlt aauent ...

Ormrl, ortzrhsd roe&r Daug loamy ............
Dry, contpsated.. ......

82-W
9-N

Liquid rrphalt ... OaSOllXMl ......... Oil, lubrlestipg

8-P

Chapter -60

Page -190

iJ~fJJf"JJ;\E\j

j*

CORTEXTS LIJmm mBoARD IgET* OB
Size of pie@3

Length of piece (feet) 10 6 2/3 :; l/2 16 2/3
I.2 a :t 20

(incises)
2 by 4... 2 by 6.a. 2 by g... 2 by 10.. 2 by 12.. 2 by 14.. 2 by 16.e

14 9 l/3 14 18 2/3 23 l/3 28 :: :;; 21 ;; :; 56 18 2/3
28

16 10 213 16
21 Ii3

18 12 18
24

20
13 w 2 213 33 113 40 46 2/3 53 113 c 50 60 70 2 2/3 40 53 l/3 g 2/3
22

22

24

14 2/3 29 l/3 g 2/3

16 24
2 zo

20

24
;:

26 2/3 32

30 36
42

48 56
64 ? 60”

3 by 6... 3 by Se.. 3 by 10.. : % ?
by l 16.. l .

20

23$3 26 2/3 15 25

18
24 30 k2

37 l/3 ;; 213 32 40 48 zi 21 l/3 32 42 213 5 v3 d ii; y; 48 64 2 112 128 2z 85 l/3 106 2/3 128 149 l/3 1'g l/3 is6 213 '

48 ;i! 45 !9+ 63 :4" 36 48 60 2 96 ? 90 108
126

:i :I: 3 4-z 55 66 77 89" 1/a 44 58 213 78; l/3

by 4... 4 by 6... by by by by by L.. 10.. 12.. 14.. 16..

30 35 40 13 l/3
20

36

72
z 2 ;: a 64

48 16 24 32
2

4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 2

26 2/3 33 l/3 40 ;4 :g 0 ;fo 50 7: ?o 100 53 113 66 2/3

z6

56 64 36 48 60 E 96 loa 120 64 60 % 112 100 120 140 160 144
i6a
224

7 l/3 2/3 56

;z :f: 42 !% 70 9"8 112 2 74 2/3 93 l/3 L12
:1”6 $; 140

93 l/3 102 2/3 106 213 117 l/3

by 6... by a... by 10.. F ;p Y ..

100 120 140 160 188

60 a0

112 128 Ji 120 144
16s

2

88 110
132

66

154
176 19s
220

6 by 16.. ; ;," g-* g by s.:: 8 by 10.. 8 by 12.. 8 by 14.. 10 by 10. 10 by 12, 10 by 14. 10 by 12 by 12 by 12 by 14 by 14 by 16. 12, 14. 16. 14. 16.

144 18Q 96 144 168 W 180 210 240 216 252
162

192 216 m
12a

% 2/j
133 l/3

117 l/3 146 2/3 176 a5 l/3 la3 l/3 E$ z/3 2!& l/3 p,x

160 192 224 z 28y)
288

g y: 100 ii6 2/3 133 l/3 120 140 160 163 113 is6 2/3

~63 l/3

$68 213 213 113 192

192 1%

196 224

224

261 1/J

228 213 261 i/3
298 2/3

256

288
294 336

g gg 2/3 ;z ;;;:$;
2/3 233 l/3

160 16 2/3

320 :B

l ;: ;\;

4%

Chapter -6-

Page -2O-

*-I_

PROPIBBTIES

OF

EXPLOSIVES.

Explosive

IielAtive strength (by weight) 1.00 Issue

Detonation

by -

TNT . . . . . . . . ..e.................... Ammonium nitrate (cratering

cap.

Cfiarg8 > . . . . . . . ..C............... Nitroatarch Composition Composition Ohain . . . . . . ..".............. C . . . . . . . . . ..e......... C-2................... block, M l.......

1*25

Issue cap.
Iesua cap.

090 l-35 1.35
1.20 1.20

Two issue-caps.
Issue cap.

demolition block,

Xasue cap.

Demolition

M 2.............

Iesue cap.

Quncotton, wet +............*...*.
Auunonal *.*..**.....*...*.........

.95 1.25
1.00 1.00 No. 6 commercial No. 6 commercial

Dynamite,
Dynamite, Dynamite, fjo percent Blasting

straight, gelatin, ammonia
l

50 percent.... 60 perasnt.....
(extra),
. . . . . . . . . . . . .

blasting
blarting

cap. cap.

. . . . . . . .

1.00

No. No.

6 commercial

blasting blasting

gelatin..................

1.90

6 commercial
charges

cap. 1 cap.

(large Qunpowder......................... Cord, detonatin, PETI?.*...r...**.,

must be primed).

033
..*....... Detonation cap. except minimum

BlaHf% lo.

6 commercial
special

blasting primer

cap. re-

*British quiring No. the All issue

standard explosive, 8 commercial blaeting explosivee, valuea give

by British

U. S. military cap. Rrbular

composition C, can be detonated by strength cap that should be used.

Chapter

-6-

Page

-ql-

EQJGVALENTS MEMIRE OF

Ui\;C[ fi"";grQ % -< i'i%.. : f : 1-i-

Meters m 1 0.02540 0.30480
0.91440 5.02921 20.1168 1609.35 1853.25

Snohes,

in.
39.37

Feet, ft. 3.28083 0.08333 1 3 16.5 66 5280 6080.20 3280.83

Yard, Yd 1.09361 0.02778 0.33333 1 5.5 22 1760 2026.73 1093.6%

Rods, r* 0.19884 0.;5051 0.06061 0.18182 1 4 320 368.497 196.858

Chains, Ch. 0.04971 0.;1263 0.01515 0.04545
0.25

T

U.S. iilometers, km 0.001

Miha,

Statute &a6214 0.;1578 0.;1894 0.;5682 0.;3126 Oe01250 1 1.15155
0.62137

Nautical 0.&396 0+371 0.;1645 0*;4934 OeE2714 0.01058 0.86839 1
0.53959

1 12 36
198 792

0.;2540 o.;soro 0.;9144 o.g5029 0,02012 1.60935 1.85325 1 (=I*

1
80 92.124s 49.7096
A

63360 72962.6 39370

1000

*l meter (m) = 10 dsoixneters

(dxu) m 100 centimaters

(on) c l&O0 millimetera

b. Surfaaes
Sqcl4h1 10’

and arbl~l~ SqJnolu aqe in. 1550.00 1 144
1296 33204 6272640 15499969
. . . . . . . .

Sq.Feet sq* ft.
10.7639 0.;6944

Sq*YRrds

sq. yd. 1.19599 0.;7716 O.Ulll 1
30.26 4840

Sq. Rods 8q. re
0.05954 0.4,2561 0.;3673 0.03306 1

Ames A

Heatarea

ha.
0.0001

iq.Miles Statute 0.:3861 0.;2491 0.;3687 0.;3228 0.!9766 0,;15m 0.3861 1 0.38610

Sq. lcilom
mstef8, hII'

1
0.;6452 0.09290 0.83613 26.2930 4046.87

0.;2471 0.~1594 0.$2296

0.;1
0+452 0.;9290 0,;8361 0.;2629 0.;4047

0.3482
0.:9290 0.;8361 0,;2629 0.40469

1 9
272.26 43660 107639 27878400 10763867

0.;2066
0.00626 1 2.47104 640

160
395.366 102400 39536.6

10000 2589999

11969.9 3097600 1195985

1
259.000

0.01 2.59000 1

lcmoooo

..,*

. ..4

247.104 eta.,

100

3Ctt4. 3otatiom
eta,,

&&$

etch, indiaate
Naples

that

the it:,:,

are to be replaoeC 1 by 2, 3, 4r

oiphers.

1 square rod t Oz.9766 :: 0,000009766 square miles.

Chapter

-$-

h&g6

-221

W

EC$JLYALENTS !4XMURE OF 0. Volme Cubic DsoLmetera, &It or Liters,1 1 0.01639 28.3170 764.669 0.94636 1.10123 3.78543 4.40492 35.2393 and capacity Cubic Inches, cu. in. Cubic U.S. Quarts Cubio Yards, cue yd, Liquid, Dry* 1. qt. d. qt. O&308 0.;2143 o.c)3704 1 0.;1238 0.;1440 0.3951 0.;6761 0.04609 1.05668 OeO1732 29.9221 807.896 1 1.16365 4 4.65460 37.2368 0.90808 O&1488 25.7140 694.279 Oe85937 1 3.43747 4 32 U. S. Gallon6 Liquid, 1, gal. 0.26417 a.$4329 7.48055 201.974 0.26 0.29091 1 1.16365 9.30920 = 64 piRta. = 128 fluid Dry* dA gal. 0.22702 0.32,?20 6.42851 173.5?0 0.21484 0.25 0.85937 1 8 U.3. Dushas , bu.

fee-t,
cx~, ft.

61.0234 1 1728 46656 57.75 67.2006 231 268.803 2150.42

0,03532 O.i5787 1 27 0.03342 0.03889 0.13368 0.15556 1.24446

0.02838 o.;4sso 0.80356 21.6962 0.02686 0.03126 0.10742 0.125 1

UA. dry measurct I bushel 8 4 pa&s a 8 gallons = 32 quarts U.S. liquid measure: 1 gallon s 4 quarts g 8 pints = 32 gills 1 U.S. gallon = 0.83268 Imperial gallon, d. Masses and weights.
Ounces

ounoes.

Eilogram I kg 1 Oa46480 0.03110 0.02835 0.37324 0.45359 907.L85 1016.05

Grains,

Tray,
02* t.

gr .
15432.4 1 480 437.6 5760 7000 14000000 15680000 I

Avoir., OS* gv.

-rA

Trwr lb. t.

Pounds Avoir., lb. ave

1

Net, @ho*), I2000 lbs, 0*;1102 0.;7143 0.$3429 O,gl25 a;4114 0.00060 1 1.12 1.10231

tasks Groe a, (Long), 2240 lba 0+342 0.;6378 0,;306l 0.;2790 0*~5674 0.$464 0.89286 1
0.98421 .~

Metrio

0

1000 kg 0.001 0,7,s480 0.;3110 0,;28SS 0,;3732 0.;4636 0.90719 1.01606 1 =

32.1507 0,;2083 1 0.91148 12 14.5833 29166.7 32666.7

35.2740 0*;22s 1.09714 1 13.1657 16 320#0 35840

2.67923 O.,S1736 0.06333
0 l 07596

2.20462 0.!1429 0.06857 0.06250 0.62286 1 2000 2240 2204.62

1 1.21528 2430.66 2722.22

1000

15432356 1 32150.7 (cwt.)

35274eO 2879.23 = l/20

1 long hundredmight

long ton z 4 quarters 50.8024 kg,

= 8 stone z 112 lbs.

\l’i\\rJJ~?;: Chapter -& Page -23-.

.,-.1.-i j i -

EQurvmms

OF msw

e.

Forcee on weights

per units

of EZBR (pressure)

Kilograms Poundi per 8q. cs Per tilclBter, Sq.Inah k&/m2 lb./in,
1

Pound8

Per 8q. Foot lb./f't.~ D48.17 144 1 2000

14.2234 1 0.53944 13.8889 14.6969 0.01934 3.49119

iT
1.$392
0.03121

Net Tone (2000 lbe) pheres, Pf= Sq.Foot I

J

Columla of watmr Colwr OP MBraury, (Bg) 1$,59693 8p.GJ Max. Deneity 4* C F-Feet '8 Xaohes ktere

1

735.514

28.9672

10

32.8083 2.30666 0.01602 32.0367 33.9006 0.04461 1.13299 3,26083 1

0.07031 0.;4882 0.97648 1.03329 0.;1360 0.03463 0.10 0.03048

51.7116 0.36931 718.216 760 IO.;1316 0.03342 0.09678
0.02960

2.03688
0.01414 20.2762 29.9212 0.03937

0.70307 0,,24682 9 r76482 10.3329 0.01360 0.34534

1116.36
1.78468 '0.7310 04.817 82.4283 1

1

0.03637 0.10241

ts.40ot 73,6614 22.4185

1
@,896?3 0.88282

1.42234 3.43353

1
0.30480

P. t'oloelty. Meter8 per maond, !llhO. 1 0.33460 0.44704 0.51479 0.27778 ..**..
l . . . . .

Feet

Yil68 pr2Aowb
2.23693 0.68182 1 1.1616& 0.62137
. . .

per ssoond, ft./m30* 3.28083
1

- - -_
1.94264 O.S8209 01868b8

Kilmterr per hour ti 3.6 1.09728 1.60935 L8632S 1

1.46667 1.68894 0.91134

1
0.63959
. ..C

.*.....
. . . . . l . . .

,....*....* .*......**.

**iv***’

.

.

..C.

..-CL.,

.

..**.

jJ pf f+Jj?y$
Chapter -6-

--i , 1 * ,I

r. : ’

Pye

4L

UNCLASSIFIED

cE4PTIm VII BOSPlTSLIZA210~ IVACUATION AID

EVirDUATION CASUALTIES,'pIw%SpoRT OF CAPAcITfEs* . . BVACUATIOB, STAEDIllt) OPXRA'CIHG ..... EVACUATION, BATTALION PHASL, WART. ........ lUVACUATfOB, ~ll4BHTAL PIllsll, CEAR!I........ EV~~CUATIOB, DIVISION CEMT ......... LPAXJATIOBS REPUCWEBTS,ORART........ ABD BATTwCCASUALTIE3,ASSAULTS ISLANDFORTRlW3IDs. Or .
PROCRDUKC. PIMP,

1 2-13 14 15 16 17 1%

BV..ClTATLON CAWALTIES OF

Capauitie6 of Tre.naport.-- The folloving table giver the average oepaoitieu of tha vnrious types of tratmport used to move siok and iajured mena

g p,nj .+vyf-yq k&J I ,I ‘i.,‘+h Y,‘,_ .-

: I

: ?L..1

Chapter

-70 Page -l-

-"..---11

SECTION IV -e EVACUATE -___uI- 08 AFLOAT

!^< $:- f--q LX ,? , ~‘.]I1:. ,J.\ \_,1 \~“.:,./ lJ\<U’L-‘l~ :u i I

evmmtion earvice vi11 depend upon thr awpbor and of the laxull~ beschor if tharo iimoro thonn ORI, which will wurlly br the CI(LII, C)I wel3. au upon the number and loortlonr of thr *map md hospital ships in thQ landiw Arab ira relation to the ahorr, Widely irpuatrd or dotachod Imdftq beachsm rrqudro reparrto 6Ilctment to thm of tho nooorrrry horpital ship@, bootc ( pcrrronaol, and aWwl@L for ewamtian from rhoro to ship. Haspitrl shipr rf anchorage in tho lurdiw aroa are aomparablr to rvacuntion hoapitslo recaIving prtlsntr from fraat line
ralatira Iwrttonr
ambulance

Iha plan fsr this

dlvirionr
hoopital

in normal land opsrationr,
rtrtlonr,

and the bortcr plying rorpond to the Army ambulanao aampanirr b. ~ilitist
from

Be&ah headr are ooaparrblr to diririon brtwesa rhoro and hoopit rhlpr carIn tho Army rohemo of or&w&ion.
-I

Par l vrrauation

rharo to ah&p tho followlly.aorao

are

l rpployod,

uoandrd from rhoro to l hip lr unaertain nnd dopsndont on tho military ritwtion. %y ananot bo thw oqployed mtll tha l rrratirl ooprbatant troop8 and thoir equipment hw~, baaa put amhoro, Until the lanbizxg la maourod, all othor rotiritlor mrt yield to thir prrmount nocomity. Vharoritorr porhagr later In the ffrat -‘a &trek, them@ bortr on their rotwa tripe to rhlpa may orrry orrualtlom, prrferrbly alightly rounded. While being thuo ‘tuod, thsro boatr mo not entitled to fly the Rod Ororr fly nor to the protootivr proririonm of the ~enwa Coatnation. rign

ma 9ho uao of n for truirporttng

boater These are motorboatr of varyiw riro and do(2) A&,&ce They to the opsrntlvr oontrol of the Navy forao rurgoon. fly the Rod Croon flrg aad may be umed only for the trmrportation of ONurltfor, medleal por#onaol, and modiorl matoriol. Whrn thtu mrkmd aad o~@oyod, they are ontitlod to thr protactivs provl~ioar of the Gsnwr Oonvention. ‘Phm joint medical plnn rhould provldr P reuoouable numbar of thoro bootr of approved patient oapacity, design, and cpeod, ‘Phry rhould bo ured wimarfly for the transportation of aeriourly wounded CMCIB to holpitrl rhlpr.

l rrfun8d

(3) l?jphterr and barp;%rt Each of theme, aapable of Glrrrylng a large numbor of wounded on litters or stretcherr, rhould be added to the ambulsnco boat rorvtcs In the landing area, to the extent of the requlrementr, aa rnpidly 81 thoy can be made available after cbmbatant troops and their equipment hwe been put arhore. (4) Motor launch for the !?twy force rurgeonr A swift motor lwnch at the rxcluri~s dieposition of the Raw force surgeon and hir rtaff arrirtantr is highly desirable for the efficibnt adminis~rntion of the naval atvactutfon rervics in the landing nrecL. Tho rorignment should be made beforo ulrivala in tho operation8 wee.

.

Chapter

-7. Psgo -2~

I&$&r Ship’s boats generally are not well adapted boats, especially those below the &-foot motor launch 50-foot motor launch (class A boat), except for ita too Loaded Army litters can satisfactory for this purpose. A and B boats ae shown below: ABMY LITTER

for uue a8 ambulance (claea B boat). The low speed, fr fairly be &owed in the clata8

On
bottom 50-foot &O-foot launch........... launch....*.,.... of chore-to-shin

Second tier (acroea thwart@)

‘Potal
24

12
6 evacuating:

12 8

14

C.

Develonment

Be a rule, during the initial atagee of a landing sttack,~comparatlvely Although the landing of combat few casualties can be removed from beaches, troops and materiel murt have first consideration, it is highly desirable to have ambulance boata provided for the evacuation of the aeriouslg wotmded diIn any event it 18 the roaponeibillty of the Naval roct to hospital shipe. form rurgeon to orgqito and develops him svacuatlon service atetp by rtsg 91 and the detailed plan should provide for the rapidly as the eituation permite; rapid organization of syBtomatic evacuation from &ore to rhip. 22. Debsrkatioq: equipment

The debarlrat ion of Army medical unite cordance with &W debarkation tables.

ie carried

out in ac-

23.

Pharea

of Landi=

tierations:

a, The dispaeitione and employment of the Army and Navy medical mrvices conform to the three general phaees of the landing operation8 in which, during the first these, landing@ of combat teams on the aseignod beacher are made and as rapidly BB possible the attack on each beach is pushed with suoh reinforcements as are necorrary OT available until the beaches are recured from enemy light artillery fire. Thie requires as the objective for this phase the eatabliahment of a line about 10,000 yarde inland. The second qhaee consists of those further operations inland which secure the beaches from enemy medium artillery fire. This requires ae the objective for thi# phaee the establishment of a line at least 15,000 yards inland. The third @aee Includes the further land and air operations necersary to 8ecure the objectives for which the landing wa8 undertaken. b. broad

a front

Simultaneous landings are as the boat facilities Service Durinp

made by aa many combat team8 on am will permit without undue di spersion. Phase:

24.

Arms Medical a. Medical

First

detachments:

The medical detachmente of combat units debark with the organization to which attached. In a combat battalion, two first-aid men wearing Red Croea brassards and carrying a~ much dressing material as they can, board the landing boats with each company.

; ; Lf” . f, <“““1’Ir‘( tii&JJyJ,-&q~ il

Chapter

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Page -30

_____-

3 i;,:.: tia 'r '1 !.-‘

c : *

i ;' j,$

1 /j

1 ."', .-4

i8 their duty to land with and follow their companies closely, and to The remainder of the euch aeeistance to the woundsd a@ may be possible. battalion medical detachment will normally go ashore in the later 4ubwave which the battalion surgeon accompanflng the battaland% the battalion headquarters, a6 may be Ordinarily, only ruch medical equipment and supplies lion commander. The men should,howtver, carry a6 many hhnd carried can be landed at thla time. dressing%, blankets, littera, and 88 much splinting material 88 practicable. The battalion The detachments’ traneport and heaviest equipment follow later. aesault battalion establishes an aid Ptation medical detachment of an infantry at or near the beach at the best available cite, where the battalion casualtiee As the battalion sdvanceti inland, are collected and treated as in land attacks. follovs it and eetablishes successive aid statioas.according the medical raction The procedure followed by the medical section of an infantry to the situation. reserve battalion ia basically the same ae tbet for the medical troops attached to an assault battalion in the laqding, ao is also that of the medicsf eectioh6 of field artillery and combat engineer battalione. It

render

b.

Regimental

8ectiollJt:

Eteglmental eectione of regimental medical detachments will normally land with their ovn regimental headquarters and thrrerrfter perform their duties in In 6OJnO eituataccordance with the normal practice In offsnolve operationr. ions It may be nrceaaary for the regimsntal section to t&e over temporarily a battalion aid station at the beaoh filled with wounded whom the battalion rrctioa ha8 had to leave behind in order to follow f’ta battalion.

Ga w
in the Ar~py Bfiore party

s0rvlgg

(1) The Arrq~ bsroh mdiorl servias proper land@ oerlg am a motion and operates thereafter under the ehors party COMwander, IPne dutiem of the svaaution officer in ohurge of thlle section am tar (a) Organfrs and coordinate the Army msdleal serviae on the beach, ccre for, and retain (b) Raoelve, nort, and alassify, temporarily aontrol of all arrmltisr srririrrg at the bsruh; turn them over to the nW& UOdiaal embarkation officer (par, 25) only aa famD as th6 latter mn diqorr of them, (Q) Provide such #helter and prateation for th6 caausltiee all are praotkzable, (d) Blutablirh and operate a msdicrl eupply point. (0) Petablioh aonmotionr with other Army medical unita on or near ths braoh, lrod (f) Aaairt la f ox-warding merregre and mapplier to medical unit8 in’ (g> Mark his rtation (h) Cooperate aloaeljr hi& be&ah.
by

with

the Red Croee and other identifying signr. the naval mtdioal embarkation officer on

(2) Wounded may temporarily accumulate In large numbers on the beach. and the walking wounded rigidly controlled: eepecialThey muat be rrgregated ly mart the latter be prevented from interfering with the activities of the braah party. Therefore, caeualtier ready for evacuation from the beach will oe a,rWnbled at a location derignated by the shore party commander, which rhould be located with due regard to ruitablt boat landings, cover from the rnsmy fire, looatlon of the aid or colleating ettationa, and natural drift.of the wounded. One or more such locationr may ba derignated for each beach.

uhaptor

-7-

Pk@ “4.

(3) Medical personnel to assist the evacuation officer should come a corps medical regiment or other medIca unit of low debarking priorThis personnel must be adequate for the many duties of the evacuation ity. eection of the shore party, which include the movement of a11 litter cases collected at the beach to a point on the shore from which they will be loadIn emed into boate by the naval medical embarkation officer’s personnel. ergenc y , the evacuation officer may have to furnish litter bearers ternporThe initial evacuation section of the arily to assist in loading boats. shore party landing in the leading combat team may of necessity be only a skeletonfzed group. In such caaee its early reinforcement will be provided for. (4) It is highly important that the sorting, claseificatfon, and grouping of patients by the Army evacuation officer is done carefully and syetematically. This assists the naval medical embarkation officer materially, permita greater economy In the u8e of boats and decreases later the secondary tranafere from ship to ship. from

d. ision)
lecting

Modicolnpaniee

regiment
land later

diviaionaa
If

(or medical conditions
the first Litter

battalion,

triangular

div-

(1) Collectiw

conr~anieer

during

such materiel as cbz1 be hand carried. is8 move out to make contact with regimental and battalion aid stations and companies perl vaouate carrlltier from them to the beach. Other uollecting ronnel establish an initial collecting station near the beach. Ae the beach head lm enlarged, collecting companies advance their collecting station inland, maintaining contact with the medical dstachBmntB in their z;one of action. The tranaport and haavy equipment of collecting companies can be landed only after boat8 and simple docking facilitier have become available for (2) Ambulaqce 0-t The personnel of ambulance companies normalIf casualtier are heavy and ly follow soon after the aollectl~ compsaies. the attainment of the ffrat objective slow, the personnel of those companies rhould be used a8 litter bearer6 to oasirt in avecuating caeualties to the medical rtationr an or near the beacher. In come situation8 it may be impoe~ibls to land the arbtikancus until the end of tho flret phase. These companies utually cannot establish the landed forces have gained beach head8 at hart 4 or ‘j milsr deep. Local topography may l ometimes permit earlier If ruch ir the case and ff boat trenseutr;blirhmt of there stationm. advantage should be taken of such favorportrtion to rhore ie rvaileible, able circtlmatancer to proaidd there fficilitier on shore for the care of ornultier. Patients in horpital station6 will be claaeifled and held Mtil called for by the Amy evacuation officer. In opening the Initial horpita1 at&ion after landing, the hoapltal company may take over the patient6 and the rite of a collecting station near the beach, the collecting company When companier of two or more batopening a new otation further Inland. talionr of a ldedfcal regiment are operating on a beach, a commanding offfcor will be deaignatsd and a command poet established for the control of euch elammtr. regiment headkuart re an eada te B aad m-ice Om* (4) ~&J&M mt Theee compmiee msg be espectei to 1;: witrzorzeepond% eche:onti of Burgeon, however-, should establish the divi eion headpusrt eri . The-division aa ad+uraed comnaztd poet when the divielan command port is opened on dmre.
(3)

permit, the personnel of colday’s attack, taking with them bearers of, collecting compan-

hoepltal

Houawmaniet8 rtationr rrhoro

until

I ’ i,) i’+ *i;-i’:\..*uJ ‘. :i c

I

r I” ;&-,*!

~

Chapter

-7-

Page -50

(5) By the end of the first phase, part of the medical regiment of an ambulance the division9 should be ashore, operating collecting stations, service, and perhaps a hospital station near the beach. A medical supply noint and dump will be in operation near the beach for the supply of mdical units ashore. Note: Medical organization of .a Marine Corps brigade consists of four medical zompeniea) each composed of a headquarters section, collection sectfo2, hospital section, and service section. These medical companies land and operate in accordance with the brigade medical plan. 25. flayv Medical Force Service Surgeon: During First Phase.

a. lavv

With the launching of the initial landing attack, the Navy force surgeon’s office becomes the nerve center of the combined activities of the two medical eervices. The Army force surgeon must maintain close contact with the Navv force surgeon. This is easily done if both are embarked in the sane ship. It i’s necessczy that the Navy force surgeon receive prompt and frequent reports of the casualty situation on each landing beach. This will be done normally through signal communication from beach parties, A board in his office should show the bed capacity of each hospital ship in the landing area a6 well as that of troop shins previously prepared and staffed to receive slightly wounded from shore. On anf;ther board the evacuation officer or his staff keeps the current bed occuoancy status of each receiving ship. This measure is of prime importance, since bv-means of it the actual bed situation throughout the fleet is known with approxi&te accuracy at all times, and boats returning from shore with patients are routed accordingly. Report of Casualties and bed status are rendered to the Army and Navy staffs periodicelly; hourly, if called for. b. Beach medical Rervice: a section in the at least, should reinforced to full task of the naval service of evacuat-

(1) The naval evacuation service on a beach forms beach master’s organization. The skeleton of this section, accompany the beach master in the first boat group and be requirements at the earliest opportunity thereafter. The medical evacuation officer is to organize and operate the ion from the beach, Bis activities include:

(a) Eatabllshment and marking with the Red Cross flag and other necessary identifying signs, an evacuation station at a site approved by the beach master. (b) Establishi ng and malntaininp: close contact with the Army evacuation officer of the shore party. (c) Reception of casualties from the Army evacuation officer and loading them into boats according to their classification for movement to designated receiving ships. (d) Keeping the Navy force surgeon informed of the casualty situation on his beach through naval signal communication on the beach and by meesages transmitted by naval personnel in boats carrying casualties from shore to ship (e> Forwarding to the Army evacuation officer messages and supplies re’ ceived by him for the Army medical service ashore.

I

jr,> j;* I b $ ‘.“t*

\ .

‘. I’,‘?

, .: . ;

i it

--

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Chapter

-f-

Page -6-

---w-m

(2) If casualtie are collecting in large ,numbers on the beach in the early stagee of the attack, naval medical embarkation officer8 muat be alert to take advantage of any opportunitlee to send as many of them aB pracThis ia generally desirable although ticable to shipa by returning boats. there may have to be a ship-to-ship transfer of these c&Bee later. c. Evacuation at end of first phaes: *

evacuation from shore ehould have By the end of the first phaee, progre6Bed to the use of a coneiderable number of improvised ambulance boatr (previously ueti in landing combat elements) now provided with medical personnel and equipment from hospital ehips or transport8 for the emergency treatment of casualties en route; perhaps a few regular ambulance’bo&to entitled to fly the 3ed Cross flag; an organized ambulance boat service to moat from beach euacuat ion of the beaches; and the delivering of all caeualties stations to design8ted ships. 26. Army Medical Service During Second Phase.

During thiB phase, any remaining elements : medical battalion, triangular division}, ce positions and miRsione similar to those Lonp. a. Gorge medical regiment:

of the including assigned

divisional traneport them in

medical regfments , are landed and offensive land oper-

By the end of this phase,the corps medical regiment may be expected to have landed and relieved the divisional medical regiments of their funCtionU at the beaches, allowing these elements to move forward in support of the action of the division. b. Gdical sunrly:

The medical supply service for the troops ashore is further developed in this phase; toe medic81 supply point at the beaches in more systematically organized, supplies in the medic81 dump built up, and depleted stocks of the medical unit 6 inland replenished.
27. Baval Medical Service During the Second Phsse:

By the end of this phase, the naval medical 6ervice should have succeeded in ,veloping and systematizing end; the evacuation from 6hore and at the receiving zat is, in the fleet itself. This it is enabled to do through: (a) Increased number of landing - boats available for the use of the services. ambulance boat eervi ce to the more im(3) Inaugurat i on of a regular portant beaches (c) Docking facilities, though limited, at important beachee. (d) Use of a small number of bargee and lighters now made ovellable to the medical cervices, whereby wounded c8n be removed from a beach more expeditiously, comfortably, and in much greater number6. (e) Fewer tranefers of patients from ship to ship. If casualties are evacuation from Rhore in the early stages of the landing ia more or le8R heavy, 8n emergency measure and patient6 8re brought in m8ny Instances to whatever ship may be mo6t practicable for the boat carrying them. Ae communicathn from the beachea become6 well establiehed, and hence the number6 and ClaaBification of caeualtiee on each beach reach the Navy force surgeon with Borne regularity, delivery of caeualties can be made to ehipa according to patients’ classification and ships’ vacant beds. This favorable development proceeds in- like proportion with the increasing facilities noted in & to a above. medical
&

Cbpter-I- pas*-7-

~~~~~~~~~~~ E.b ______

.,t. . ;’ ’ ..“1 i _ . 1 , ”

~.

-. i. __ a”,’

28.

Jhmv Medical

Service

During

Third

Phase: may be landed and established of their limited bed capacity wounded. early i6 of

in this distinct

a. Sur,&al hospitals generally phase. Their use to the extent advantage to the most seriously

b. landed and afford them not become

Evacuation hospitals, comparatively large units, should not be established until a sufficient advance Inland ha8 been made to suitable choice location and resonabls assurance that they will involved in local reverses to our forces.

c. General and station hospltalg in which definitive treatment is carried out cannot be opened until a Becure oversea base has been established. If general hospitals then must be built, at least 4 months will prabably be required for their erection and equipment. It may be possible to conThe oververt existing buildings to general hospital use in much less time. sea eqeditionary plan may or mcay not contemplate the establishment of gsnera1 hoepitala in the occupied territory. third d. Army medical laboratories (mobile) phaee as their use becomes practicable will be landed and necessary. aa early in the and a base

8. Army medical deDot8 will be established ashore points ~8 conform to the supply plan of the expeditionary has been secured. 2’3. Naw Medical Service During Third Phase:

at such time forces after

a. In thfe phase the naval medical service may be expected to have at Its disposition sufficient boater of euitable types to enable*it to perfect shore to ship evacuation. Evacuation from some beaches wfll probabiy have ceased and the other beaches have been provided with adequate wharf and docking facilities. Hospital ships may be relocated at anchorage to shorten the average trip from beach to ship. b. In this phase, in which the Navy is best equipped and organized to carry out its part of the evacuation service, the tummy is gradually adding to its facllitiee for caring for its own casualties ashore. This augmentation cJntinuce until, if the Army is successful in its mission and general hospitallration In the occupied territory is contemplated, the Army will eventually nospitalize its casualties in ite own establishments. If the Navy Is then to continue evacuation for the Army to home ports or other bases it will still evacuate that part of the Army’s sick and wounded which ha;e ceased to be military aseets or whose recovery wil 2 be a matter of many months. 70, ., Medical
SUDS~Y

to Land fmz Beaches:

a. In land operations it is difficult to maintain an adequate surply of blanket@, litters, and swlintlng material at advanced medical stationa durthe specific provisions made for an exchange of these ing combat in spite items for every caeualty carried to the rear. It in more dffficult in Joint lknding operatf on. Both Army and Z?avy are involved in this supply to the landed medical units. All medical supplies are on board ship when the attack Is launched. Medical personnel landing early can take wlth them only very small auantities of these ftem$. In the early stage8 of landing, blankets, litters, and eplinting materials cannot be exchanged with any degree of certainty, ar troop landing boats , ff eometimee used to remove wounded from the shore, may deliver their patients ta ships not carrying medfcal supplier. Furthermore, the boats may not return directly to the beaches but go to another chip to take a boat load of troops ashore.
of

Chapter -7. ~- ---

P8ge

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w

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the supply of blankets, litters, and splinti:; b, (1) Therefore, and dressing materials on beaches by exchange cannot be relied upon. is necessary that the joint medical plan make det&il8d PrOvision for this “upply during the landing operations, to includ8: (a) That medic& detachments landing take with them as many of these items as they can man-handle. (b) That a medical dump b8 established promptly on each beach under Che direction of the evacuation Officer (ShOr8 party), with the necessary persome~ to oper&te it. (c) That boats in the early stages of the attack, landing supplies include some of these essential items of medical equipment. (d) That as soon a6 ambulance boate are put into service, they on their runs.from ship to shore, as rapidly as poealble build up, and maintain ample reserves of blankets, litters, and splinting and dressing materials on each beach. le) That th8 naval medical embarkation officer (beach party) take all necessary action to facilitate this supply. exchsnge with litt8r bearers and ambu(f) That at the beach, lances bringing in casualtfef: from inland be rigidly enforced. (2) The measures given in (1) above apply eepecially to the cri tThereafter an organized znd more extensive ical first and second phases. system of medical sup-ply to the landed forces should be in operation. fr,r us8 on c. (I) The Wevy ?t x-et c h er is desfpned the movement of large numbers of casualties from shere to isfactory. Its employment for this purpose would furtner fer of wounded from the Army litter to the Navy stretcher For board ship. ship it is unsatreqjlire the transon the beach.

(2) In joint oversea expedi tione it is ?esi.rP.h:e fl>r the %VY to make the necessary adantations (litter hofats, litter ?lidew&yo, bu.nI( straPs. etc.) for the use of the Army litter in trensfcrring MTT,;Y casue.ltics frOffi shore to ship.

31.

Alternative

_A Prrcedcre -----

in -_ .4orti~e;~nd__C_laficif~~~Rsl?r:ltiec: --‘.,-

8,. Ideally, the sorting end clas?ificatinn of sick and wounded is best carried out on chrrre, thus T!ermitting beets cerryir,,:. cPeualtie)S to ships to be sgTctt?mat jcallg Bnd most economically emcloyed, and at the same time redlrcing to the minimum the tirre taken and tne discomforts tu patients in the subzequcnt secznd~ry evacll8tion frond ship to ship. Practically, in confused end crowded condition of the beeches often occu.rring, the heavy inflow of wol~rtded., the early scarcity and irrepxlsrjty of casualty carrying boats, and the uncertainty of the particular ship to which any loa.ded boat will deliver its patients, shore sorting, as experience has shown, NW be far from satisfactory. b. An alternative procedure is to anchor a hospital ship off each beach, designate it es a sorting station, and at the seme time fill it to capaai ty with casualties requiring early operation and others which are to ‘&hen be evacuated to a home port, tr&ngferring th8 rest to other ships. ~a888 it leaves and is replaced this sorting ship Is filled wit,, r, th8 proper If occupied beeches are close togetat anchorage by another hoq?tal ship. This method was used her one sorting ship may serve more than one hesch. extensively by the British at Galllpoli in 1315.

Chqter

-f-

Page -9-

----

1 Ia’

, ‘ , .I’ /..

-_ ‘2

ILLUXRnTIVx

Y2,STIUTE OF EOSPXTAL SHIP BBDS FOR A HYPOTHETICAL JOIXT OmRa&& EXPEDITION

1.

General

:

The following estimates and corngutetfsn of hospitalization afloat to accompany a hypothetical joint Amy and Navy oversea expedition are meant to 6erve only as an illustration of how the problem may be anprosched in the preparation It represents a situation requiring a large number of beds of the medical plan. but not as high a percentage of in class A, claes 3, and class D hospital ships, such beds a6 might be necessary in another situation. ships are those fulNote: For the put-pose of thie manual, class A hospital ly equipped hospital ships in commissioh in the Navy; class B hospital ship6 are those Xavy hospital ships carried in the Navy Register, but not in commission in class D hospital ships are those procured and converted and equipped peacetime; a6 floating hospitals from commercial shipping and commissioned as hospital ships In the Navy. The fewer the claes A and clarff B hospital ships available for use in Army and Navy overeea expedition the earlier should estimates be made for ber of bedR required afloat in the area of operation. This is neceaeary class D hospital ships must be procured, converted, equipped, and manned the expedition’s departure from the port of embarkation. a joint the numbecause prior to

It should be noted that the division of eick and wounded according to their seriousness, between class A and B ships, and class D ships, 88 made in this illuetrative situation, will not be an arbitrary one in practice, provided the claes D ship8 have been converted into modern and fully equipped hospital ships. 2. Princioal Data 0~1 Which Estimates Were Based:

a. Enemy army forces believed to be available: Strong in numbers; in fighting qualities, and in armanent and defense dispositions; skilled, stubEnemy naval resources available born, and reinforced resistance probable. known to be much inferior to our@.
b. Army (and) c. Navy at ion Marine Corps expeditionary strength...,.. 40,000 12,000 time from port of embark-

expeditionary area

strength,........................ 8 days’ fleet sailing

d. Operations and base. Estimates: --

3.
transporta

a. xrmy sick en route to operations area hospitalieed (~O,OOOC~,OOOX~.~~X~ (days)),.......,............... ITavy sick en route hospi telized on their own ships: (17,000+1,000x3.65xg (days)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*................*. upon arrival Total expeditionary sick in hospital (on in operations area . ..***.....*.*.........*.....*. sick list)

in

their

own

528
158

686

Chapter -7- Page -lo-

__ __-

_

Additiozal Army and IJavy sick, hospitalized during first 7 days in operations area (GS6 sick and 7,500 battle casualties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...*.... deducted from agcregat e strength) Total after
arrival

506 1192

expeditionary in operations

sick area

in hoeyital to include . . ..+..............,...........

7th

day

7th

Total expeditionary day in operations area,

sick requiring evacuation to include 10 percent ... .. .. ... ............. .

119

15 percent of total Army strength being wounded patients, 80 percent of tqta.1 battle casualties being wounded (initial Ehour to include 7th day) . . . . . ..*..*...........*.........*...... hospital hospital One-third of wounded, serious, requiring shil, facilities .,..........~,,.,.................. class A and B 2,000

6,000

One-third of wounded, less serious, requiring cla88 D ship facilfties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2~000 One-third wounded of wounded retained aohore *.......*.......*...........*.,...*..*........* or in transports, as 2,000

slightly at

r;l evacuation &ota!. Army casualties and Yavy sick requiring end of 7th day in operations area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total hospital ship beds for Army and itirine Corps to accompany Jaint tixgeditf>nary forces .. .. ..... ... .... ....

4,119 5,000

b. Twenty days may be aeWim8d be required to for hospital ships in the operations area to make the turn around and begin loading patient8 again the emedltionary fleet must be followed from the port in the ianding area, The miniof embarkation at close intervals by additional hospital shipe, mum number for this purpose for the army forces (and Navy sick) are computed 3s follows: srmy sick (31,g78+1000x1&x~3 Xavy sick hospitolined (days)) (estimnted) 8th to 20th day in operations . ..~.*......r*..*......,............* hospitalized in ~sn,e period.. area: .,,....

686 251 937

Total

expnditionary

sick sick, operations

hospitalized, occurring area,

8th

to

20th day

.... 94

qufrine

Total expeditionary evacuation from

8th to 20th day; re10 percent ..........

Additional 6 percent of remaining Army and Marine forcse (31,603) in operations area being wounded patients, 8th to 20th day . . . . . . . . ..~....~....~...~..~.......~......~.”.~.~.....~..~..... One-third of wounded, eefiou~, requiriw clssa A and B ..... ... ..... .. .... .... ... ........... ship facilities One-third of wounded, l . ship facilities less serious, requiring cl.ass D

1,896 632 632

hospital hoepital

..*...**......*.........*....*.....

ax&pter -7- Pa@ -11-

crlightly

One-third wounded

of wounded . . . *.*.*...

retained .*...**........

ashore

or on transports . ..I.............

I

a6

. . . .

632

from area

Total Army casualties (and operations tirea, 8th to 20th Total additional prior to 29th day Provisions hospital
. . . . . . . . . .

l?avy sick) reguirlng day .,...I...,..,.......... Rhip beds to reech

remove! l,f;5S operat

ione
l .*

. . . ..-........**a........

1,300

4.

of Medical

Plan

for

Army Forces

(and

&vy

Sick):

(2) fleet: Class Class ary fleet: Class Claws

To arrive

in

landing

area

6th

day after

the

expeditionary

A or B hospital D hospital ship

shipe with normal bed capacity.,. with norms1 bed capacity of . . . . .
area

(3)To arrive

in operations

12th

day after

the

expedition.. . . ..r.

A or B hospital D hospital ship

ships with normal bed capacity with normal bed.capz.citp .*.*

450 450
1 ,&CC 6,soo

Total, second and third ....................... echelons Aggregate hospital $11 beds ........................... tp

b. To the 6,800 hospital deterrclned upon in the plan for sible navctl sounded.

ship beds must be added s:xh the reception of the probtible

beds as are or the pos-

(1) In thie exarr:ple, no fkctor of safety has been pmvided for 0. the numerous pmalbilltles t)f unforsaen ckrinces in conditions or In the oftuatlon , which might increase the hospital ohtp bed requirementa. No allowar.cs ha6 been made for prisoner-qf-war casualtfes. It is only rarely pansLble to utilize at one time 100 percent of hospital bed capacity. (2) Ordinary prudence dictates that in the situation here aBm.med, a reserve of st least 10 Tercent of hospital ship beds be added. This reserve may initially be held, ready for sailing, at the port of embarkation. (7) That the number of hospital beds provided for the situation indicated for the first 28 days after sailing from the port of embarkation is conservativ%, is apparent from the fact that 1,916 of the sick md 2,632 of the wounded, a total of 4,548, are held in landing area. A considerable percentage of the sick will have returned to duty by the end of this period, but of the wounded a majority will still be on a sick status, probably ir. part on land and In part on ship board. These sick and wounded may exceed the Ntlvy’s hospital. resources even after all transports which can possibly be spared for the purpose have been hastily and indequately fitted out for their hosoftallzation. , ;>p!cIAd. - P. .. ‘^‘j ;‘,*’ :-<;;. &.c h’,. :

.

chaptar

-7-

Page -12-

(4) A8 to the use of transports for the return to the home port or other base of those sick and wounded who in this hypothetical 8itUatiOn it i8 to be recognieed that both catehave been moved in hospital ships, gories (those in class A and B and those in class D hospitai ships) are Of such a eerious character a8 to require the medical and surgical care and the facilities of properly equipped hospital ships. History furnishes example8 of deplorable and even scandalous iastancea of the movement8 of great number8 of the sick and wounded of such joint expeditions from the operations area to a distant base in entirely inadequately converted and medicand consequently attended by wholesale deally equipped troop transport8; In the main such conditiona are to be privations and Unnecessary suffering. aecribed to the initial failure to plan for and to provide a8 a part of the expeditionary ehipplng sufficient hoepitalitation afloat.

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EVACUATION, Bhl. PHASE
----.--6-y t ,> a3

EVAC~~YOM ev wo(il~~ uwrs.
WACUA+t@W 8Y RE’WRNIUG SuPPLr WCMICbLS (hm UNOER 8.R AID S?ATIOI@) AREA QEFE19SE
EVAWATt

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CONTROL

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EVACUATION, REGIMENTAL PHASE:
I----EVACUATION BY WWHLR wNn3.
---•4VACUBrlOU c-2 BY REtURNIN@ SW0Pl.Y VEHICLES (NOT UNOER 3.9. AlO STATmN) AREA DLFWSE

fB

EVACUATlON

CONTROL

POINT

ch8pt.r Page -7- -15

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WAC UATION,DlVlSlBN PHASE

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chapter -7-

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CENIPER,m

MARIl?E

FORCE, PACIFIC

PROCEDURE l?ORPRCCESSINQ EVACUATIONSm =IdX&tS

IM>IVIDU,L AND HEALTH RECORDS ---a SERVICE RECORD BOOKS

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chgpter

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-17-

Total Blue Landi8g Porcor

r
Itllrd

$ af Landicrg

inmlV.4

lounbd

Blua Forms that are cunaltier.

total

Yv8cuat ion Tim mrr.)

l 6oc 9% 10% 29%

l 1400
7w

2557 71s W 74s

ATOUI I MrIY

6.600

66 W
177

100% I I
a3 3*8fl

6.0

15s
545 74%

l@
1214
786 73%

5.6s

5.0

299
I

I

AmRAw Pm AI& ACTIOYSI I
Yotert

I I

27s

25.5s

74.5%

1w I

lO.Of

I

94

I

wponouort round n1UbOrr report not 'final cuunlty '+Wa&etorminmd u yet.

yet in at thir tir.

Id

1 ‘. i ,I*.;; ! I .. a.. ,r

: ; i i. , - < r” (: .~ 7. ), $ j- ; k-j ‘Ai.l \>

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