MODULE 9 CHAPTER 5: ENERGY AND CHEMICAL CHANGES 1 HOUR Learning Outcomes: At the end of this season, the pupil

will be able to: i. explain what physical and change is ii. explain what chemical changes is iii. give examples of physical changes in daily life iv. give examples of chemical changes in daily life Jenis perubahan

Fizikal

Kimia

• Ialah perubahan keadaan fizikal: Eg: pepejal -------- cecair Cecair ------- gas  Tiada bahan baru terbentuk.  Perubahan adalah berbalik.  Contoh dalam kehidupan seharian:  Kitaran air  Melarutkan gula dalam air  Pembentukan titisan air di luar gelas yang berisi ais.  Menutup/ membuka mentol lampu  Contoh dalam makmal:  Hablur Iodin dipanaskan

 Ialah perubahan yang menyebabkan bahan baru terbentuk.  Perubahan tidak berbalik.  Contoh dalam kehidupan seharian:  Oxidation: Apple cut into half the exposed surfaces turns brown  B u r ni n g a p a p e r  Combustion: Petrol burns and form Carbon dioxide and water  Rusting

Exercises 1.   Ice melts at 100C Water can change back to ice 5. 6 What is the change? A B Physical change Chemical change C D Biological change Molecular change . No new substances are formed May change back into its original state Involves a lot of energy change I and II only I and III only C D II and III only I. Which of the following characteristics indicate physical changes of a substance? I II III A B 2. 3. Which of the following show a chemical change? A Ice melting B Milk turning sour C Sublimation of iodine crystals D Water evaporating from a pool Which of the following is a chemical change? A Drying clothes B Making ice C Making tea D Baking cake The following information shows a change. II and III Which of the following is a physical change? A B C D Boiling of water Heating of magnesium ribbon Heating of iron with sulphur Putting a piece of calcium in water. Which of the following is a chemical change? A B C D Dissolving sugar in water Roasting meat in an oven Evaporating water from sea water Dissolving copper (II) sulphate powder in water 4.

7 Which of the following characteristics indicate chemical changes of a substance? I II III A B One or more new substances are formed The change is irreversible Energy is required I and II only I and III only C D II and III only I. Comparison between physical change and chemical change has shown at the table below. II and III 8. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Example Firewood burning Tin can rusting Raising cake batter Using chalk to write on board Souring of milk Drying clothes Type of changes . Which of the following is true? A B C D Physical Change Reversible and temporary No change in chemical property Require a lot of energy No new substances produced Chemical Change Irreversible and permanent Change in chemical property Little or none energy is required New substances Classify the following changes into physical or chemical changes.

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