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VA TECH ELIN HOLEC HIGH VOLTAGE

Operation and Maintenance Standard Manual

SF6 Insulated Switchgear Type L-SEP


Standard
Copyright 2000 VA TECH Elin Holec High Voltage B.V.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. L145 S 010206

L145 S 010206

L-SEP manual contents

1 MANUAL INTRO
L-SEP manual contents Safety warnings Introduction L-SEP manual Purpose of this manual Structure of this manual 2 3 4 4 4

3 OPERATION
Survey of operating conditions: Reference Definitions Remote, local and manual operation29 Interlockings Safety interlockings Operational interlockings Lockings, blockings and alarms 32 Circuit-breaker 5 6 6 11 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 18 20 23 Disconnector Arrangement 22 22 Disconnectors 32 33 31 31 31 29

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION Technical data General arrangement General arrangement General Features Connections 1. Primary connections 2. Secondary connections 3. Earthing connections Components: SF6 gas Gas compartments L-SEP Physical properties SF6 Electrical properties SF6 SF6 gas quality - New SF6 gas - Used SF6 gas Circuit-breaker Construction Driving mechanism 16

5 APPENDIX
Tools 127

Bay arrangement Line Feeders 7

Functioning of the disconnector 22 Disconnector driving mechanism 23 Auxiliary contacts Busbar system Position Arrangement Earthing switch Position Arrangement Driving mechanism Auxiliary contacts Transformers Voltage transformers Current transformers Local control panel Position Functioning 28 28 28 27 27 27 25 25 25 25 26 24 24 24 23

Fault-make type earthing switch 33 SF6 insulating gas 33

Communication with ELIN HOLEC Supervising & Commissioning department128

4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule Safety guidelines for working with SF6-gas37 1. Oxygen depletion 2. Decomposition products: effects on human beings:37 3. Safety provisions for personnel handling SF637 Trouble-shooting guide Contents Inspection Sequences: Circuit-breaker Disconnector 38 38 39 39 43 37 34 Use of the procedures 59 Procedures: Contents (detailed) 60 Use of the procedures Circuit-breaker Inspection Maintenance Disconnector Operational Inspection Maintenance Earthing switch Operational Inspection Maintenance Test probes Multi-pole plugs Disengaging a bay Gassystem 97 97 100 104 107 110 111 115 90 90 92 95 59 61 61 73

Functioning of the interrupter 19 Mechanical part of the drive 21

L-SEP
1 MANUAL INTRO
Manual intro Safety warnings Introduction

Auxiliary contacts

Fault-make type earthing switch 45 Readings Signals Actions 55 49 51

L145 S 010206

Safety warnings

Switchgear room In the unlikely event of an internal fault, leave the switchgear room as quickly as possible. Ensure that conditions in the switchgear room meet specifications.

Maintenance Be aware that the switchgear compartments are constantly filled with SF6-gas with a pressure higher than the environmental pressure. Accidental opening while the system is pressurized is dangerous. Do not adjust any bolt, nut or screw and do not connect or disconnect any item on the switchgear assembly without refering to the instructions in this manual. Do not operate any switch manually unless you are sure that either the bay is disengaged and locked against operating by others or manual switching is a wellconsidered only possible action. (Manual operation of components always bypasses all electrical (inter)locking). Do not work on the switchgear assembly unless you are sure that the part you are about to work on is disengaged and locked against possible operation by others. Always disengage the part you are about to work on as follows: - open the circuit-breaker; - lock its disconnectors in the opened positions and its earthing switches in the closed positions; - switch off the supply voltage; - disconnect the multi-pole plugs of its components. Do not open any compartment unless necessary for special servicing or repair or inspection. Use only proper fitting tools during servicing. Do not hit or touch the switchgear assembly with any hard object. Please note that any operation involving tools may invalidate the warranty on the switchgear assembly. Do not expose the switchgear assembly to any heat source. Always replenish a compartment when the density has decreased to the first alarm level. Replenishing can be carried out while the compartment is in service.

Operation and maintenance manual Always follow the instructions in this manual during operation-, inspection- or maintenance servicing. Failure to comply with the guidelines in the manual can endanger personnel in the switchgear room and can hinder the proper operation of the switchgear assembly.

Keep the switchgear assembly free of dust, damp, fluids, corrosive fluids, powders or gasses. Do not smoke in the switchgear room.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Manual contents Safety warnings Introduction

L145 S 010206

Introduction L-SEP manual

Purpose of this manual The L-Sep manual is intended for operation and maintenance staff working on the switchgear assembly. The purpose of this manual is to guide operation and maintenance personnel who are authorized to operate or carry out maintenance work on the switchgear assembly.

Structure of this manual Chapter 1 contains general safety warnings, contents and the introduction of this manual. Chapter 2 contains a general description of the switchgear assembly and covers general information necessary for its operation and maintenance. Chapter 3 contains the necessary information for operating the switchgear assembly. Chapter 4 contains the necessary information for maintenance. It contains instructions for routine inspection, maintenance, and limited repair. Chapter 4 also contains a troubleshooting guide. Some of the procedures in this chapter may not be applicable for the specific installation. Through a step-by-step diagnostic system the nature of possible failures can be determined and, - where possible - repaired. The trouble-shooting guide does not guarantee the proper determination and solution of a possible failure but is only meant as a guidance. The appendix contains information on auxiliary tools and apparatus, spare parts and communication with Elin Holec Service Department. This manual does not cover overhaul and complex repair procedures.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Manual contents Safety warnings Introduction L-SEP manual

L145 S 010206

Technical data

Type Three-phase enclosure

L-Sep Steel appr.145 21.5 26.5 (4.2 bar at 20C) 58 (8.6 bar at 20C) 145 Circuit-breaker Rated breaking current Breaking current in phase opposition Peak making current Short time current kg/m3 kg/m3 kV kV Hz kV kV kV A kA/s kA C F dBA IEC 529 IEC 529 kN kN 95 % 90 % 100 -5 to +40 23 to 104 < 120 IP2X IP2X max. 6 av. during 24 h av. during 1 month Switching cycle Make time Break time (without arcing time) Rated current capacity Driving mechanism Working pressure hydraulic driving system Voltage pumpmotor Operating voltage Disconnector Rated current Closing and opening time Driving mechanism Short-time current of disconnector, contacts to earth (open position) Fault- make type earthing switch Peak making current Short time current Driving mechanism Operating voltage V DC kA kA/s motor/spring A s motor approx. 4 bar V AC V DC kA kA kA kA/s O-0.3 s.-CO-3min.-CO ms ms A hydraulic 272 - 282 appr. 65 < 54 (<24)

Insulation medium SF6 SF6 total quantity insulating gas per bay kg SF6 total quantity extinguishing gas kg Rated gas density - Insulation gas Extinghuishing gas

Rated voltage Service voltage Rated frequency Power frequency withstand voltage 1 min. B.I.L. in accordance with IEC: - phase-earth - phase-phase Rated current busbarsystem Short-time current Peak withstand current Ambient temperature Noise level Degree of protection: - local control cubicle - driving mechanism Total static load: - normal bay

Operating voltage driving mechanism V DC kA/s

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement

Dynamic load (0.1 - 35 Hz): - normal bay Maximum humidity percentage in switchgear room: Surface of compartments:

epoxy powder coating RAL 7032

L145 S 010206

General arrangement
Line feeder A

E1

E1

3 E1 1 E1

E8

E9

Transformer feeder A Bus-coupler Transformer feeder B Line feeder B

Main Busbar Reserve Busbar Single line diagram

E1

E2
W

E3
M M M M M

E4

E5

E6

E7

SYMBOL LEGEND
M
W

circuit-breaker

double gap disconnector fault make type earthing switch current transformers
M M M M M M M M M M

voltage transformer
W

termination busduct hydraulic pressure motor operated

Top view

spring operated manually operated future extension

Front view

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement General arrangement

L145 S 010206

Bay arrangement Line Feeders

Local control panel Busbar compartment

Voltage transformer Busbar disconnector Termination disconnector Voltage transformer isolating device Termination earthing switch Termination compartment Cable bushing

Circuit-breaker compartment Current transformer Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker driving mechanism

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Bay arrangement

L145 S 010206

Bay arrangement Transformer Feeders

Local control panel Busbar compartment

Voltage transformer Busbar disconnector Termination disconnector Voltage transformer isolating device Termination earthing switch Termination compartment Cable bushing

Circuit-breaker compartment Current transformer Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker driving mechanism

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Bay arrangement

L145 S 010206

Bay arrangement Bus-coupler

Local control panel Busbar compartment

Voltage transformer Busbar disconnector Termination disconnector Voltage transformer isolating device Termination earthing switch Termination compartment Cable bushing

Circuit-breaker compartment Current transformer Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker driving mechanism

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Bay arrangement

L145 S 010206

Bay arrangement Sectionalizer

Local control panel Busbar compartment

Voltage transformer Busbar disconnector Termination disconnector Voltage transformer isolating device Termination earthing switch Termination compartment Cable bushing

Circuit-breaker compartment Current transformer Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker driving mechanism

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Bay arrangement

10

L145 S 010206

General Features
[4] [2] [3] B A A A

[5] [1]

Compartments Disconnectors Circuit-breaker The compartments The L-SEP switchgear bay consists of four functionally separate compartments each filled with SF6 insulation gas: the circuit-breaker compartment (1), the busbar compartment (2), the termination compartment (3) and the voltage transformer compartment (4). All gas compartments are separated by gas tight barriers. These barriers can withstand the full gas pressure at one side and vacuum at the other side. They can also withstand normal mechanical forces (e.g. during maintenance). The insulating SF6 gas pressure in each compartment is the same. Each compartment - including the circuit-breaker has its own gas monitoring system. The SF6 gas in the circuit-breaker is used for extinguishing of the arc during switching. This high pressure extinguishing SF6 gas is separated from the low pressure insulating SF6 gas in the circuit-breaker compartment. In this way, decomposition products caused by arcing can not damage parts inside the circuit-breaker compartment. A Disconnectors The compartments (1) to (3) inclusive are linked by disconnectors. These disconnectors fulfil a dual function: 1. they form a single gas barrier between the adjacent gas compartments; 2. they achieve electrical connection or isolation of the adjacent compartments by an electrical interruption on both sides of the gas-tight barrier. B Circuit-breaker compartment The circuit-breaker compartment (B) contains the circuit-breaker, the current transformers (C) and the primary conductors to the busbar and termination disconnectors. B C Current transformers The current transformers are installed between the circuit-breaker and the termination disconnector and shielded against electrostatic field disturbances by the earthed housing.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement General Features

11

L145 S 010206

General Features
(continued)

A B B A A

Busbar compartment The busbar compartments are installed on top of the circuit-breaker compartment. The complete span of one busbar system is installed in one compartment (there is no gas-separation per bay). The phase conductors consist of two aluminium profiles (A) between which the fixed disconnector contacts are installed. Tridental forked epoxy insulator (B) are used for busbar support.

Termination compartment The termination compartment is installed on the circuit-breaker compartment at the rear of the bay. It contains the HV cable connections, the earthing switch and a measurement facility giving acces to the primary conductors.

Voltage transformer Voltage measurement is done by singlephase transformers. These are installed on the termination compartment. An integrated isolating facility is installed in the termination compartment to connect/disconnect the voltage transformer as necessary. Local control panel The local control panel is attached to the circuit-breaker compartment. It contains equipment for electronic control, protection and monitoring.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement General Features

12

L145 S 010206

General Features
(continued)

closed

opened

Relatively large compartments Because of its three-phase enclosure and the absence of separate disconnector compartments, the L-SEP system consists of only three - functionally different - main compartments filled with insulating gas. These are all relatively large. This means that in the remote possibility of an internal flashover there will be more time before the gas-pressure reaches the setting of the bursting discs, thus minimizing the probability of ejection of polluted gasses.

Double gap disconnectors In the closed position, the disconnector functions as a bushing. When opened, electrical isolation is got on both sides of the bushing (double gap) while (at the same time) the middle part is earthed. Thus a fullyearthed metal screen is provided between two compartments. Maximum safety is guaranteed during operations in one part of the assembly, while the adjacent part is energised, for example during: - inspection of circuit-breaker contacts; - testing; - extension of the switchgear.

Fault-make type earthing switches

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement General Features

All earthing switches are of the fault-make type. In case of accidental switching on to a life-circuit, the earthing switch can withstand the short circuit current.

13

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General Features
(continued)

Termination compartment

Measurement facilities Special fittings at the rear of the termination compartment give easy access to the H.V. conductors for HVDC cable testing, cable fault detection, measurement of contact resistances, circuit-breaker timing, etc. Because of these special fittings, it is not necessary to open or evacuate the compartment. By means of an integrated isolating facility, which is inside the temination compartment, the voltage transformer is automatically disconnected from the primary conductors when a test probe is inserted.

Removable circuit-breaker The three interrupting elements, together with the circuit-breaker driving-mechanism, are installed on a base plate, which is also used to close the circuit-breaker compartment. This construction makes it relatively easy to remove a complete circuitbreaker from its housing, giving access to the inner circuit-breaker compartment and the circuit-breaker main contacts.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement General Features

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L145 S 010206

Connections

1 special cable clamp 2 seal 3 anti-twist device 4 hood 5 male contacts 6 male insert 7 female insert 8 female contacts 9 housing

1. Primary connections The illustration shows the primary connections of the two different types of feeders.

2. Secondary connections All components on the system are connected to the LCP. For these connections 41 or 42core shielded cables (1.0 sqmm or 1.5 sqmm) are used. Multi-pole plugs are installed at either end of the cables. These multi-pole plugs offer fixed connections and reliable terminations. During inspection and maintenance plugging and unplugging are easy to do. Construction of the multi-pole plugs The connector consists of several parts: The figure above shows a connector with female contacts in the housing and male contacts in the hood. The reverse is also possible. The principle is that the connector (the insert) on the voltage supply-side has female contacts. Thus accidental touching of the voltage carrying pins is prevented. Accidental interchanging of multi-pole plugs is prevented by means of a pin-bus coding system. Contact pins When a contact pin is installed in its insert, removal is only possible using a special device.

3. Earthing connections The design of the L-SEP metal enclosure makes sure there is an electrical continuum on the entire switchgear installation. As a result only one earthing connection per five bays is needed. For safety reasons a minimum of two earthing connections on the complete installation must be installed.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Connections

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L145 S 010206

Components: SF6 gas


[2]

[4]

Gas density in gascompartments kg/m3.

1 circuit-breaker compartment
[3]

26.5 26.5 26.5 58.0

2 busbar compartment 3 termination compartment 5 circuit-breaker

4 voltage transformer compartment 26.5


[5] [1]

Gas compartments L-SEP The circuit-breaker compartment (1) , the busbar compartment (2), the termination compartment (3) and the voltage transformer compartment (4) are filled with SF6 which is used as an insulating gas. The filling density of SF6 gas in these compartments is 26.5 kg/m3. The SF6 gas in the circuit-breaker (5) is separated from the SF6 gas in the circuitbreaker compartment. In this way, decomposition products caused by arcing can not damage parts inside the circuitbreaker compartment. The main purpose of SF6 gas inside the circuit-breaker is as an extinguishing medium. For this reason, this manual refers to SF6 gas in the circuitbreaker as extinguishing gas. The density of the extinguishing gas in the circuit-breaker is 58 kg/m3.

Physical properties SF6 High stability Because of its symmetrical arrangement of six fluorine atoms around a central sulphur atom and the good total electron balance, the structure of the gas molecule is very stable. SF6 is one of the least reactive gasses known. At room temperature, it does not react to substance with which it comes into contact. Heavier than air SF6 is about five times heavier than air. This means that under conditions of sufficient mixing with air, the gas has a tendency to collect at low levels. Dewpoint temperature The filling density of the insulation gas is 26.5 kg/m3. This corresponds to a liquefaction temperature of pure SF6 gas of -50 C approx. The density of the extinguishing gas is 58 kg/m3. This corresponds to a liquefaction temperature of pure SF6 gas of -20 C approx. In principle the minimum ambient temperature is - 5 C, so the liquefaction temperature of pure SF6 will not be reached. Heat transfer properties Mainly because of its lower viscosity and higher density, the heat transfer properties of SF6 are 2-5 times better than those of air at the same pressure.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components SF6 gas

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L145 S 010206

Components: SF6 gas (continued)

Electrical properties SF6 Insulation characteristics The withstand voltage of SF6 under uniform field conditions is about 2.5 times the withstand voltage of air at the same pressure. At pressures above about 3 bar SF6 insulates better than oil. Arc extinguishing characteristics SF6 is an excellent arc extinguishing medium because: - cooling of the arc is intensively because of its thermal conductivity characteristics; - electric conductivity as a result of ionization starts only at temperatures above 4000 C; - a rapid recovery of the dielectric strength of the arc zone after extinction of the arc. Pressure versus density The density level of SF6 gas inside the compartments is a value for insulation and extinguishing performances of the switchgear. This density can not be measured directly. It can be determined by measuring the pressure. The pressure of SF6 gas is influenced by temperature. A higher temperature results in a higher pressure at the same density. To determine the density by measuring pressure the pressure/ temperature diagram (P-t diagram) can be used. See maintenance chapter, [Proc. 7.1]].

SF6 gas quality Clean SF6 is colourless, odourless, non-toxic and incombustible. In order to function properly the quality of the SF6 gas used is important. Quality is limited by the existence of impurities. A distinction is made between new SF6 gas and used SF6 gas. New SF6 gas is the gas as delivered in the container by the manufacturer. Used SF6 gas is the SF6 gas inside the equipment. IEC-Publ. 60480 states that new SF6 gas changes into used SF6gas as soon as it is filled into the switchgear.

Used SF6 gas During the operation of the switchgear the quality of the SF6 gas has to be maintained. SF6 important quality factors are the presence of moisture and air. The presence of air decreases the insulating capability. Air content can be measured by measuring the oxygen content, multiplied by five. Permissible air percentage values can be found in the maintenance chapter, [Proc. 7.4] and [Proc. 7.5]. The presence of H2O decreases the voltage withstand capacity of the insulation system (primary conductor supports). H2O content can be measured by measuring the dewpoint (permissible dewpoint values can be found in the maintenance chapter, [Proc. 7.4] and [Proc. 7.5]. Decomposition products At very high temperatures, chemical reactions between the SF6 gas and the materials inside the compartments cause a mixture of solid and gaseous products. These so-called decomposition products can be toxic. Considerable toxicity is only created by heavy arcing i.e. in the interrupter and upon internal arcs. Therefore safety measures preventing contact with dangerous (toxic) decomposition products must be taken in the following situations: - when opening the extinguishing gas compartment; - when opening the compartments after an internal flash over. See maintenance chapter, after an internal flash over

New SF6 gas New SF6 gas contains only a small amount of impurities. The maximum permissible content of impurities in new SF6 gas is stated in the table (IEC Standard 60376): Impurity or maximum permitted in ppmw* group of impurities CF4500 O2 + N2, air500 H2O15 Acids like HF0.3 Hydrolysable fluorides1.0 *parts per million by weight (ppmw) is the weight of the impurity present in the gas per total weight of the SF6 gas, including the impurity.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components SF6 gas (continued)

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L145 S 010206

Components: Circuit-breaker

Circuit-breaker and driving mechanism

1 hydraulic driving mechanism

2 single phase interrupter elements

3 single base plate

Position The L-SEP circuit-breaker is installed in the circuit-breaker compartment. The circuit-breaker compartment is filled with low-pressure SF6 insullationgas.

Construction The circuit-breaker consists of three single phase interrupter elements (2) of the singlepressure puffer type The interruptors are driven by a common hydraulic driving mechanism (1). The interruptors and the driving mechanism are installed on a single base plate (3). This construction makes it easy to remove the complete circuit-breaker from its housing. By removing the circuit-breaker, the interior of the circuit-breaker compartment becomes accessible. The three interrupter elements (2) are installed in one extinguishing gas compartment. The interrupters are installed on a single base plate (3) which is also used to close the circuit-breaker compartment. The SF6 gas in the circuit-breaker is used for extinguishing of the arc during switching. This high pressure extinguishing SF6 gas is separated from the low pressure insulating SF6 gas in the circuit-breaker compartment. In this way, decomposition products caused by arcing can not damage parts inside the circuit-breaker compartment.

Electrical Connections The primary electrical connections between the circuit-breaker and the conducting parts to the busbar disconnector are made through knife-shaped/brush contacts (1). The connections to the disconnector at the termination side (2) are made through shaft/ multi-lamel contacts.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Circuit-breaker

Electrical connections Removable circuit-breaker

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Components: Circuit-breaker
(continued)

6 Situation A: closed position

10

1 main drive shaft 2 moving cylinder 3 moving part of the main contact 4 arcing contacts
Situation B: during opening

5 fixed part of the main contact 6 polyester-epoxy enclosure 7 spring 8 fixed piston 9 PTFE nozzle 10 absorption filter system

Situation C: interrupter completely opened

Functioning of the interrupter Opening In each interrupter arc extinguishing is done by a gas-jet. This gas jet is built-up by means of a fixed piston/moving cylinder action. The upper drawing (situation A) shows the interrupter in the closed position. Current flows through the nominal current contacts. In this stationary position only the normal pressure of the SF6 extinguishing gas is available.

During the first stage of the opening movement (situation B), the arcing contacts (4) remain closed by a spring (7). As the cylinder moves to the left, first the main contacts (3) and then the arcing contacts (4) open. During the second stage, both the main contacts and the arcing contacts are opened and a gas-jet extinguishes the arc. During the opening operation, a PTFE nozzle (9) directs the flow of the gas-jet and supports the circulation of the extinguishing gas inside the interrupter.

During the third stage (situation C), the interrupter is completely opened. Absorbers (10), located in the contact housing of the fixed contact, clear SF6 gas from decomposition products caused by arcing. Closing During the closing operation, the above stages take place in reverse order.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Circuit-breaker (continued)

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L145 S 010206

Components: Circuit-breaker
(continued)

Hydraulic driving mechanism 1. magnetic valve 2. booster valve 3. main valve 4. differential piston 5. accumulator 6. high-pressure pump 7. manual pump 8. filter 9. driving cylinder 10. bypass tap 11. safety valve 12. indication manometer 13. oil tank 14. Pressure monitoring device 15. Blocking device 16. Non return valve 17. Choke

Driving mechanism: Hydraulic system

Driving mechanism The driving energy needed for contact separation and gas compression is supplied by a hydraulic driving mechanism. The figures above show a schematic representation of the hydraulic driving mechanism in the open (left) and closed (right) position. The system has: - a power supply unit, consisting of an oil supply tank (13), a high-pressure pump (6) and a pressure monitoring device (14); - an accumulator (5), containing sufficient compressed nitrogen for an O-0.3 s.-CO operation. - a driving unit, consisting of a driving cylinder (9), operating valves (1), booster valves (2) and a main valve (3). The high-pressure pump (6), manual pump (7), filter (8), bypass tap (10), safety valve (11), indication manometer (12) and the non return valve (16) are all installed inside or on the oil tank (13). The driving cylinder (9) contains a differential piston (4), of which the section with the smallest surface (the side where the piston connects to the driving rod) is directly connected to the accumulator (5) and is therefore continuously under pressure. Opening occurs when, via a command from the main valve (3), the part of the differential piston with the largest surface is relieved of fluid pressure. The differential piston (4) then moves to the left. On closing, fluid pressure is supplied to the largest surface of the differential piston (4) via the main valve (3). The closing movement is done by differential force, caused by the fluid pressure on the different surface dimensions of both sides of the piston. The proportion of these surfaces is such that the resulting ratio of forces, needed for the closing and tripping movement is in balance. The main valve (3) and booster valve (2) of the system also work in accordance with the differential principle. The booster valve (2) opens when the operating valve opens by means of pressure drop caused by the choke (17). In addition, to guarantee a defined position of the various valves in a nonpressure situation, the booster and magnetic valves are provided with extra springs and the main valve with a ratchet mechanism.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Circuit-breaker (continued)

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Components: Circuit-breaker
(continued)
6

8 2

Mechanical section of the driving mechanism

Drive box 1 1 2 1

1 main drive shaft 2 tumbler 3 base plate 4 epoxi polyester enclosure 5 insulating drive shaft 6 drive box
7 9 10

7 hydraulic drive unit 8 lever 9 open connection 10 interrupter-chamber

Switching diagram of the circuit-breaker auxiliary contacts

Mechanical transmission from hydraulic driving system to interrupter

Mechanical part of the drive The main function of the mechanical part of the driving mechanism is to convert the motion of one driving cylinder into a motion of the three interrupter contacts. Arrangement of the mechanical part of the drive On the front plate is a pressure-tight bearing for the main drive shaft (1). The gas space of the removable section is in open connection to the space in the interrupter-chamber (10). Functioning of the mechanical part of the drive The linear motion of the driving cylinder is transmitted to a linear motion of the interrupter contacts. This is done by: 1. transmission of the linear movement of the driving cylinder to the rotating movement of the mainshaft; 2. transmission of the rotating movement of the main shaft to a linear motion of the interrupter contacts via three levers (8) and tumblers (2). The levers and the tumblers are installed in the extinghuishing gas chamber. A pressure tight bearing forms the bushing of the main drive shaft between the extinguishing chamber and the outer side of the driving mechanism part. The mechanical position indicator is mounted to the main drive shaft via a lever. The movement of the circuit-breaker is adjusted once in the factory to the length of the insulating drive shaft (5) and then locked in position. Auxiliary contacts Micro switches (auxiliary contacts) are used for signalling, control and interlocking circuits. They are located on two positions (S1 and S2). S1 contacts are operated in the open position of the circuit-breaker; S2 contacts are operated in the closed position of the circuit-breaker.

Location The auxiliary contacts are operated by means of a cam (11) which is connected to the main drive shaft (1) via a lever. Functioning In the open position of the circuit-breaker, S1 contacts are operated and S2 contacts are not operated. During the running time of the circuit-breaker, neither the S1 nor the S2 contacts are operated. In the closed position of the circuit-breaker, S1 contacts are not operated and S2 contacts are operated. During the open operation of the circuitbreaker, the switching sequence is reversed. There are early make, early break, late make and late break contacts. The figure shows the switching diagram of the circuit-breaker auxiliary contacts. The auxiliary contacts that are closed or opened at the end of the circuit-breaker movement are the late make or late break. Auxiliary contacts that are closed or opened at the beginning of the circuit-breaker movement are the early make or early break contacts.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Circuit-breaker (continued)

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Components: Disconnector
5 Busbar disconnector 3 2 1

1 cast-resin bushing 2 aluminium conductors 3 upper contact 4 lower contact 5 earthing contact

Closed position of the disconnector

Opened position of the disconnector

Position The disconnectors are located: -between the busbar compartment and the circuit-breaker compartment; -between the termination compartment and the circuit-breaker compartment.

Arrangement The disconnector consists of a cast-resin bushing (1) with three rotatable aluminium conductors (2). Because the three phaseconductors of the busbar system are installed on a vertical plane, the busbar disconnector shafts do not have the same length (termination disconnector: the same length). Each conductor has an upper contact (3) and a lower contact (4) retainer holding a blade contact , which together form the conducting middle part of the disconnector. Earthing contacts (5) are installed on the wall of the busbar compartment and the termination compartment.

Functioning of the disconnector In the closed position of the disconnector , the conducting middle part (2) forms the electrical connection between busbar and circuit-breaker (busbar disconnector) or between busbar and termination (termination disconnector).

During operation, the conducting middle part turns 180, forming electrical gaps on both sides of the bushing. In the open position, the conducting middle part (2) is connected to earth via the main contact (3) and the earthing contact (5). In this way, a fully-earthed screen between the compartments is made.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Disconnector

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Components: Disconnector (continued)

Disconnector driving mechanism L-SEP

1 worm shaft 2 electro motor 3 gear drive 4 driving rods (not visible) 5 position indicator
Switching diagram of the disconnector auxiliary contacts

Driving mechanism Disconnector driving mechanism Position The disconnector driving mechanism is installed on top of the busbar compartment and the termination compartment. Arrangement and functioning A worm shaft (1) is driven by an electro motor (2) via a gear drive (3). Three driving rods (4) with connected conductive middle parts are driven by the worm shaft (1). The mechanical position indicator (5) is installed on the worm wheel furthest from the electromotor. Auxiliary contacts Auxiliary contacts are used for signalling, control- and interlocking- circuits. They can be in two positions (S1 and S2). S1 contacts are operated in the open position of the disconnector; S2 contacts are operated in the closed position of the disconnector. Location The auxiliary contacts are connected to the worm wheel furthest from the motor (2). The motor auxiliary contacts are adjacent to the middle worm wheel. Arrangement The auxiliary contacts are operated by two cams. Functioning In the open position of the disconnector, S1 contacts are operated and S2 contacts are not operated. During the running time of the disconnector, neither the S1 nor the S2 contacts are operated. In the closed position of the disconnector, S1 contacts are not operated and S2 contacts are operated. During the open operation of the disconnector, the switching sequence is reversed. There are early make, early break, late make and late break contacts. The figure shows the switching diagram of the disconnector auxiliary contacts. The auxiliary contacts that are closed or opened at the end of the disconnector movement are the late make or late break. Auxiliary contacts that are closed or opened at the beginning of the disconnector movement are the early make or early break contacts.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Disconnector (continued)

23

L145 S 010206

Components: Busbar system

1 Busbar compartment section 1 aluminium profile (busbar)

2 disconnector contacts 3 insulator

The busbar system forms the connection between adjacent bays.

Position The busbar compartment is installed on top of the circuit-breaker compartment. It contains the three busbars (see figure of busbar compartment section).

Arrangement The complete span of the busbars is installed in the busbar compartment which consists of coupled busbar compartment sections. The phase conductors consist of two aluminium profiles between which the fixed disconnector contacts (2) are installed. The conductors are installed in a plane, fixed in the enclosure by cast-resin tridental support insulators (3). Thermal expansion is absorbed by the flexibel suspension of the tridental support insulators and brush-pin contacts in the busbars. The construction permits for a connection to be made with the circuit-breaker through a simple rotating movement of the disconnector conducting middle part.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Busbar system

24

L145 S 010206

Components: Earthing switch

Position The busbar system and the cable termination can be earthed by means of fault-make type switches. The location of the fault-make type switches is shown in the figure above.

Arrangement The earthing switches are of the threephase, fault-make type and can thus be closed on to a live-circuit. Three sets of 2 parallel contact knives (1) are installed on a main shaft (2) which can turn 90. In the closed position these contact knives (1) make contact with the receiving-contacts on the conducting system in the cable termination compartment or the busbar compartment.

Driving mechanism 3 electromotor 4 rod assembly 5 bush-mechanism 2 main shaft 7 spring

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Earthing switch

2 1

Arrangement and functioning An electromotor (3) drives a rod assembly (4) through a gearbox. The rod assembly (4) connects to the bush-mechanism (5) which has a slot. When the bush-mechanism (5) turns, the slot connects to a pin on the main shaft (2)) and sets it in motion. The main shaft (2) charges a spring (7) which is used to effect the fast closing of the contact knives.

25

1 contact knives 2 main shaft

L145 S 010206

Components: Earthing switch


(continued)

Switching diagram of the earthing switch auxiliary contacts

Fault-make type earthing switch and auxiliary contacts

Auxiliary contacts Auxiliary contacts are used for signalling-, control- and interlocking-circuits. They can be in two positions (S1 and S2). S1 contacts are operated in the open position of the faultmake type switch; S2 contacts are operated in the closed position of the fault-make type switch. Location The auxiliary contacts are operated by means of a camshaft (8) connected (through a mechanical connection) to the main driving shaft (9). The camshaft (8) operates the S1 contacts when the earthing switch is in the open position, and the S2 contacts when the earthing switch is in closed position.

Functioning In the open position of the earthing switch, S1 contacts are operated and S2 contacts are not operated. During the running time of the earthing switch, neither the S1 nor the S2 contacts are operated. In the closed position of the earthing switch, S1 contacts are not operated and S2 contacts are operated. During the open operation of the earthing switch, the switching sequence is reversed. There are early make, early break, late make and late break contacts. The figure shows the switching diagram of the earthing switch auxiliary contacts. The auxiliary contacts that are closed or opened at the end of the fault-make type switch movement are the late make, or late break. The auxiliary contacts that are closed or opened at the beginning of the fault-make type switch movement are the early make or early break contacts.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Earthing switch (continued)

26

L145 S 010206

Components: Transformers

Voltage transformers Position Voltage measurement is done through three single-phase transformers, installed in a common enclosure on top of the termination compartment. Arrangement The transformers are of the inductive type, using a high-voltage insulation of synthetic foil and SF6 gas. During HV cable testing, the transformers are disconnected from the primary conductors by an integrated isolating facility.

Current transformers Position The ring core current transformers are installed in the circuit- breaker compartment. They are installed between the circuitbreaker and the termination compartment. This arrangement, in combination with the removable circuit-breaker, makes the current transformers readily accessible and easy to exchange, if required. Arrangement The current transformers are shielded by aluminium screens. In this way, they are shielded from electrostatic field disturbances. The SF6 gas in the circuit-breaker compartment is used for insulation between the primary conductors and the current transformers.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Transformers

27

L145 S 010206

Components: Local control panel

Position The local control panel is attached to the circuit-breaker compartment and situated above the circuit-breaker driving mechanism.

Functioning The local control panel (LCP) contains secondary control equipment. All components of the switchgear are connected to the LCP by means of multi- core shielded cables and multi-pole plugs (see also chapter 2, installation description, connections). The LCP together with the multi-core cables and the multi-pole plugs give an excellent EMC environment. The multi-core cable shield is electrically connected on all sides through a screw cap to the multi-pole plug housing. The multi-pole plug housing is electrically connected at either end to the switchgear or the local control panel which are both directly connected to the substation earthing grid. In this way, the secondary equipment inside the LCP is effectively shielded from electromagnetic interference.

L-SEP
2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Technical data System arrangement Components Local control panel

28

L145 S 010206

Survey of operating conditions: Definitions


This chapter contains general information regarding operating, signalling and the interlocking system.

Remote, local and manual operation The switchgear can be operated from four locations: 1. Remote control: control from outside the substation (e.g. from a local dispatch centre) 2. Control room: control from a remote control panel 3. Local control: control from a local control panel 4. Manual control: during maintenance activities all components can be operated manually. Caution: manual operation of components always bypasses all electrical interlocking.

For manual operation of the circuit-breaker : procedure manual operation of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.2 on page 62] For manual operation of the disconnector: procedure manual operation of the disconnector [Proc. 2.2 on page 91] For manual operation of the fault-make earthing switch: procedure manual operation of the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3 on page 99]

L-SEP
3 OPERATION
Survey of operating conditions Definitions Remote, local and manual operation Interlocking Lockings, blockings & alarms

29

L145 S 010206

Survey of operating conditions: Definitions

Blockings and interlockings are applied to protect operating personnel and the switchgear against unwanted switching operations. Lockings and alarms are applied to monitor component conditions. In this manual, the following definitions are used: Lockings inhibit operation of a particular component. The locking is caused by the condition or position of the particular component. Blockings inhibit the physical operation of a component. Blockings are caused by applying a blocking device. Interlockings inhibit electrical operation of a particular component. An interlocking is caused by the position of other components of the GIS or systems connected to the GIS). There are two types of interlocking: safety interlocking: safety interlockings prevent the occurrence of an internal fault caused by unacceptable switching operations. Safety interlockings are listed in this manual because they are independent on the application of the switchgear. Safety interlockings provide the minimum required safety and are not to be changed by customer specific engineering of the switchgear. operational interlocking: operational interlockings are engineered by the customer or on customer request. For that reason information about operational interlockings can not be found in this manual. Please refer to the engineering documents. Use of the interlockings bypass key circumvents all safety and operational interlockings. Only authorized personnel should have acces to the bypass key.

L-SEP
3 OPERATION
Survey of operating conditions Definitions Remote, local and manual operation Interlocking Lockings, blockings & alarms

30

L145 S 010206

Survey of operating conditions: Interlockings

Interlockings Safety interlockings The busbar disconnectors and the termination disconnector can be operated only if the circuit-breaker is in the OPEN END position. The circuit-breaker can be closed only when the busbar disconnectors and the termination disconnector are not in the intermediate position. The two busbar disconnectors of one single bay are mutually interlocked. Engagement alternately only. Operational interlockings Information about operational interlockings can not be found in this manual. Please refer to the engineering documents.

L-SEP
3 OPERATION
Survey of operating conditions Definitions Interlocking Interlockings Lockings, blockings & alarms

31

L145 S 010206

Survey of operating conditions: Lockings, blockings and alarms

Circuit-breaker Hydraulic control of the circuit-breaker With decreasing oil-pressure, the electrical operation of the circuitbreaker is locked to prevent unacceptable switching. Signal 262 bar (at decreasing pressure). Locking and alarm 250 bar: locking of close operation (at decreasing pressure). 232 bar: locking of open operation (at decreasing pressure). Pump-motor operating control 282 bar: pump motor stop (at increasing pressure) 272 bar: pump motor start ( at decreasing pressure) Safety valve 300 bar: pressure relief (at increasing pressure) If the oil-pressure decreases to zero in the closed position, the circuit-breaker is blocked before the main contacts of the circuitbreaker may open slowly. Nitrogen control During the switching of the circuit-breaker, the nitrogen in the accumulator pressurizes the oil. If nitrogen-loss occurs, there might not be enough nitrogen to do a correct switching operation of the circuit-breaker. To prevent this there is a security level. Locking and alarm signalling low nitrogen locking of electrical operation (opening and closing command) SF6 extinguishing gas control Signal 52.5 kg/m3: low pressure. If the extinguishing gas-density decreases below this level, an alarm will be initiated. Electrical operation of the circuit-breaker is still possible. However, action must be taken to prevent a further decrease of the density of the SF6 extinghuishing gas. Locking and alarm 47.5 kg/m3: low pressure If the extinguishing gas density is decreasing below this level, the electrical operation of the circuit-breaker will be locked (proper functioning of the interrupter is not guaranteed).

L-SEP
3 OPERATION
Survey of operating conditions Definitions Interlocking Lockings, blockings & alarms Circuit-breaker

32

L145 S 010206

Survey of operating conditions: Lockings, blockings and alarms

Disconnectors Busbar disconnector and termination disconnector The busbar disconnectors and the termination disconnector can not be operated in the intermediate position (disturbance protection determination). Electrical locking The disconnecor is electrically locked; - during manual operation - when the blocking device is installed, and - when the disconnector is in motion. Mechanical blocking The disconnector is mechanically blocked when: - the blocking device is installed.

Fault-make type earthing switch Electrical locking The fault-make type earthing switch is electrically locked when: - the fault-make type earthing switch cover is removed, - when the blocking device is installed. - when the fault-make type earthing switch is in motion. Mechanical blocking The fault-make type earthing switch is mechanically blocked when: - the blocking device is installed. SF6 insulating gas The circuit-breaker compartment, the busbar compartment, the voltage transformer compartment and the termination compartment have the same insulating gas density. The insulating gas density of each compartment is monitored by a separate system by means of a gasdensity meter. This meter provides electrical signalling and visual indication. Signal 25.4 kg/m3: low pressure (3.03 barg at 200C) 24.3 kg/m3: low pressure (2.86 barg at 200C)

L-SEP
3 OPERATION
Survey of operating conditions Definitions Interlocking Lockings, blockings & alarms Disconnectors

33

L145 S 010206

Inspection schedule

Introduction As the installation is fully metal-enclosed, no outside influence can damage the insulating materials used. Thus periodic maintenance can be restricted to inspections of the driving mechanisms. The circuit-breaker needs inspection only after a maximum cummulative current switching. The advised inspection schedule is applicable where the switchgear is operated under normal service conditions (IEC 694). If as a result of inspection a defect is found, proceed to the relevant maintenance procedures. Inspection schedule

This chapter contains information regarding maintenance and possible failures. It consists of: 1. advised inspection schedule; 2. general information for safe working with SF6 gas; 3. a repair procedure in the eventuality of an internal flash over; 4. a trouble-shooting guide; 5. inspection & maintenance procedures.

GENERAL
Circuit-breaker a. When 2000 operations have been done with the circuit-breaker a complete inspection must be done [Proc. 1.1] to [Proc. 1.11] b. If a maximum cumulative current of the circuit-breaker is reached (example 15x40 kA short circuit), the circuit-breaker must be completely inspected [Proc. 1.1] to [Proc. 1.11] Disconnector a. When 1000 operations have been done, a complete inspection must be done [Proc. 2.3] and [Proc. 2.4] Fault-make type earthing switch a. When 1000 operations have been done, a complete inspection must be done [Proc. 3.3] to [Proc. 3.6] and inspection of the main contacts. For removing and returning the earthing switch [Proc. 3.10] b. If the earthing switch has caused a short circuit, complete inspection must be done [Proc. 3.3] to [Proc. 3.6] and inspection of the main contacts. For removing and returning the earthing switch [Proc. 3.10] SF6 extinguishing and -insulating gas a. If a decrease in pressure has been detected (-10% signal), SF6-gas replenishing must be done [Proc. 7.7] b. Elin advises to measure gasdensity [Proc. 7.1] before and after using test probes at the termination compartment [Proc. 4.1]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & maintenance procedures

34

L145 S 010206

Inspection schedule
(continued)
Periodic

Inspection and maintenance

EVERY YEAR

Circuit-breaker, disconnector and fault-make type earthing switch To maintain the switchgear condition it is advised to switch with all components twice every year. Note: Circuit-breaker a. Inspection of the oil level in the hydraulic drive [Proc. 1.6] b. Inspection of oil leakage in the hydraulic drive [Proc. 1.7] If the oil level has decreased and no leakage is found, proceed to inspection of the accumulator pre-pressure [Proc. 1.9]. If prepressure has decreased to less than 180 bar, the accumulator will probably show leakage. An O-C-O switching cycle is no longer guaranteed.

Inspection and maintenance

ONCE EVERY 5 YEARS


Circuit-breaker a. Inspection of the hydraulic pressure switches [Proc. 1.8] b. Inspection of the accumulator pre-pressure [Proc. 1.9] Disconnector

Fault make type earthing switch a. Inspection of the earthing switch driving mechanism [Proc. 3.6]

a. Inspection of the disconnector driving mechanism [Proc. 2.3]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & maintenance procedures

35

L145 S 010206

Inspection schedule
(continued)

ONCE EVERY 10 YEARS


Bay (general) a.)Measurement of contact resistances. b. Measuring of the SF6 insulating gas quality: -measuring of the air percentage [Proc. 7.4] -measuring of the dewpoint [Proc. 7.5] c. Inspection of the contact position of the density-meters. d. Inspection of overtravel of auxiliary contacts circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.4] earthing switch [Proc. 3.4] Circuit-breaker a. Recording of switching velocity (x-t diagram) [Proc. 1.10] b. Measurement of contact resistances Earthing switch a. Recording of current-time diagram during operation. b. Recording of switching velocity (x-t diagram). c. Running time pump motor (0-282 bar, 272-282 bar). d. Measuring of the SF6 extinguishing gas quality: -measuring of the air percentage [Proc. 7.4] -measuring of the dewpoint [Proc. 7.5] e. Inspection of the blocking mechanism f. Inspection of driving mechanism Disconnector a. Recording of current-time diagram during operation. b. Recording of switching velocity (x-t diagram).

OPTIONAL INSPECTIONS EVERY 10 YEARS


a. In principle all auxiliary contacts and motors on the equipment are maintenance free. However, the relevant maintenance procedures have been included in the inspection and servicing procedures should inspection be deemed necessary. b. Inspection / replacement of extinguishing magnets of auxiliary contacts.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & maintenance procedures

36

L145 S 010206

Safety guidelines for working with SF6-gas


Under normal conditions working with SF6-gas is not dangerous. There are only a few situations in which care and attention have to be paid. This paragraph contains information regarding working with SF6-gas under all circumstances. Warning: smoking in an area where SF6-gas is present is dangerous because toxic decomposition products are formed on hot surfaces. Because of the properties of SF6 gas and its decomposition products it is important to be aware of the effects which may occur in the situations mentioned.

1. Oxygen depletion New SF6-gas complying with IEC 376 is non-toxic. It is therefore permissible for the inhaled atmosphere to contain a relatively high proportion of new SF6. However it is necessary to prevent the concentration from rising to a level at which a shortage of oxygen occurs. About 25% of SF6 can be added to air before difficulties with breathing occur. Because SF6-gas is about five times heavier than air it tends to collect at low points in the switchgear room, replacing the air. This could be dangerous to personnel as it could cause oxygen depletion and danger of suffocation. This situation can only arise if a substantial amount of SF6 escapes from the GIS over a short period of time. Under normal operation conditions diffusion and convection always carry away escaped SF6. Note that in opened compartments and other open spaces SF6 also displaces air at low levels. 2. Decomposition products: effects on human beings: Under the following working conditions, personnel may be exposed to decomposition products: - during opening of a circuit-breaker compartment, busbar compartment, or termination compartment following the occurence of an internal flash-over; - during opening of the extinguishing gas compartment; - during clean up after an internal flash-over. Decomposition products can be solid or gaseous.

Solid decomposition products Solid decomposition products (white powder) are caused by chemical reactions during arcing. After opening a compartment in which arcing has occured, the powder may float in the air for a considerable time (2 hours or more). The powders together with moisture become acidic. This must be taken into account when selecting the personnel protection equipment. Solid decomposition products may cause: -a burning sensation on unprotected skin; -breathing problems. This effect is reversible and there will be no permanent damage if the exposure is short term. Gaseous decomposition products Some of the gaseous decomposition products when inhaled in high concentrations for a longer time cause breathing problems. However, the concentrations at which these gases are detected by their smell are two orders of magnitude lower than the damage causing concentrations so that personnel will be automatically warned. 3.Safety provisions for personnel handling SF6 where decomposition products can be expected Safety provisions for personnel should comprise 1. Pocketless, hooded, coated polyester or paper disposable industrial-grade overall with elasticated ankle and wrist grips which cover the footwear and gloves. 2. Protective footwear. 3. Industrial type rubber gloves. 4. Respirator filter for dust absorption, covering nose and mouth. 5. Full face respirator fitted with acid dust filter and activated charcoal cartridge. 6. Chemical-type industrial goggles. In case the oxygen percentage is less than 20% and/or the percentage of polution is more than 2% use an oxygen mask.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & maintenance procedures

37

L145 S 010206

Trouble-shooting guide
Contents Purpose of the trouble-shooting guide How to use this trouble-shooting guide Trouble-shooting - Inspection sequences - Actions and reference to procedures Communication with Elin Holec Service Department

Contents
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Circuitbreaker does not trip electrically does not close electrically pump motor hydraulic system runs longer than allowed gives no electrical signals Disconnector does not operate electrically gives no electrical signals Earthing switch does not operate electrically does not open electrically does not close electrically gives no electrical signals

Readings 11 no high voltage reading 12 no primary current reading 13 14 15 16 Signals gas density too low oil pressure too low nitrogen loss loose connector

Purpose of the trouble-shooting guide This trouble-shooting guide provides a tool for locating, defining and solving problems on the L-SEP installation by means of a clearly structured diagnostic system. This system is based on the inspection of primary components that probably cause a failure. By using this guide problems can either be solved independently, or communication with the Elin Holec service department can be more efficient. The trouble-shooting guide does not guarantee that possible problems can be diagnosed or solved in all cases, it is meant as guidance only.

How to use the trouble-shooting guide The trouble-shooting guide consists of step-by-step inspection sequences grouped per component or type of signal (listed 1-16 in bold print). To locate a fault identify the component or signal and go through the inspection sequences listed for that item. If one step does not yield results simply carry out the next. Each step is described in itallics or a reference number between [ ] may be given to the relevant item in the more detailed Inspection and Maintenance section (chapter 4). Where a step results in the detection of a fault the number following the symbol w refers to the relevant item in the problem solving section of this chapter. Problem solving describes what actions may be taken to try to repair the fault. Go through the repair actions described. Where necessary the number between [ ] refers to a detailed explanation of the steps in the Inspection and Maintenance section.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & maintenance procedures

Note: 1 Some procedures in this trouble-shooting guide require the use of tools. Please note that any actions performed with tools on the switchgear assembly may invalidate the warranty on the switchgear assembly. Note: 2 This trouble-shooting guide is applicable for the L-sep system in general. Therefore some of the items may differ from the specific installation.

38

L145 S 010206

Circuit-breaker
1. does not trip electrically.
a. Inspect supply voltage.
Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP.

Inspection Sequences: Circuit-breaker

no supply?

b.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

c.

Inspect gas density (trip lock).

too low?

Check the SF6 gas density level of all compartments by reading the density meter on the compartments. Check if the observed value is within the permitted boundaries . See Operation: Survey of operating conditions.

d.

Inspect accumulator pre-pressure.


[1.9]

too low?

e.

Inspect oil pressure (trip lock).

too low?

Record the oil pressure from the indicating manometer on the hydraulic unit. In case the indication of the manometer is doubtful use the precision manometer. Record the oil pressure from the manometer and compare the observed value with the indicated value. See Operation: Survey of operating conditions.

f.

Inspect pressure switch setting (trip lock level).


[1.8]

failure?

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

g.

Inspect trip coil functioning + resistor.

failure?

[3.5.]

Disconnect operating coil. Check the conducting quality of the coil (by means of a multi meter or beeper). Inspect also the functioning of the resistor which is in series with the operating coil.

h.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

[1.4] Check the switching of the contact by means of a beeper. Disconnect before inspecting the switching.

i.

Inspect contacts of density meter.

failure?

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Circuit-breaker 1. does not trip electrically.

Check the switching of the gas density meter contacts. First disconnect the wiring. Check the contact position and compare with the position of the respective contacts on the drawing, use the beeper and force the reading of the gas density meter using a hand pump. Compare the switching values with the indicated values , see Operation: Survey of operating conditions.

j.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

39

L145 S 010206

Circuit-breaker
2. does not close electrically.
a. Inspect supply voltage.
Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP.

Inspection Sequences:

Circuit-breaker
(continued)

no supply?

b.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

c.

Inspect possible interlocking by the earthing switch.

locked?

11

Check that the earthing switches are closed and if that is an interlocking for closing the circuit-breaker.

d.

Inspect gas density (close lock).

too low?

Check the SF6 gas density level of all compartments by reading the density meter on the compartments*. Check if the observed value is within the permitted boundaries indicated . See Operation: Survey of operating conditions.

e.

Inspect accumulator pre-pressure.


[1.9]

too low?

f.

Inspect oil pressure (close lock).

too low?

Record the oil pressure from the indicating manometer on the hydraulic unit. In case the indication of the manometer is doubtful use the precision manometer. Record the oil pressure from the manometer and compare the observed value with the indicated value in the manual.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

g.

Inspect pressure switch setting (close lock level).


[1.8]

failure?

[3.5.]

h.

Inspect close coil functioning.

failure?

Disconnect operating coil. Inspect the conducting of the coil (by means of a beeper or multi-meter). Inspect also the functioning of the resistor which is in series with the operating coil.

i.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

[1.4] Check the switching of the contact by means of a beeper. Disconnect before inspecting the switching.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Circuit-breaker 2. does not close electrically.

j.

Inspect contacts density meter.

failure?

Check the switching of the gas density meter contacts. First disconnect the wirings. Check the contact position and compare with the position of the respective contacts on the drawing, use the beeper and force the reading of the gas density meter using a hand pump. Compare the switching values with the indicated values. See Operation: Survey of operating conditions.

k.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

40

L145 S 010206

Circuit-breaker
3. Pump motor hydraulic system runs longer than allowed.
a. Inspect bypass tap closed.
Turn the bypass tap clock wise and check if it was closed or not.

Inspection Sequences:

Circuit-breaker
(continued)

open?

12

b.

Inspect internal leak.

leaking?

13

If there is an internal leak it is possible that the pressure of the hydraulic system does not rise (major internal leak) If the pressure is rising, listen if there is oil flowing from the high pressure to the low pressure part of the hydraulic system. It can be very difficult to hear.

c.

Inspect oil level.


[1.6]

too low?

14

d.

Inspect setting pressure switch pump motor stop.


[1.8]

failure?

10

e.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

[1.4] Check the switching of the contact by means of a beeper. Disconnect before inspecting the switching.

f.

Inspect pump functioning.

failure?

15

If the pressure does not rise while the pump motor is running and there is no internal leak check for pump failure by pressurising the system manually. If the pressure rises through manual pumping, the electric pump is malfunctioning.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

g.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

[3.5.]

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Circuit-breaker 3. Pump motor hydraulic system runs longer than allowed.

41

L145 S 010206

Circuit-breaker
4. gives no electrical signals.
a. Inspect supply voltage.
Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP .

Inspection Sequences:

Circuit-breaker
(continued)

no supply?

b.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

c.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

[1.4] Check the switching of the contact by means of a beeper. Disconnect before inspecting the switching.

d.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Circuit-breaker 4. gives no electrical signals.

42

L145 S 010206

Disconnector
1. does not operate electrically.
a. Inspect interlocking and blocking. (inter)locked?
16

Inspection Sequences: Disconnector

Check the conditions for switching. If there is any (inter)locking between the switch concerned and other parts of the equipment the component will not switch. Check also if the mechanism of the switch concerned is mechanically and electrically locked.

b.

Inspect supply voltage.


Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP .

no supply?

c.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings

failure?

d.

Inspect the motor.


[2.4]

failure?

17

e.

Inspect mechanism.
[2.3]

failure?

18

f.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

19

Check the contact switching of the auxiliary contacts by means of a beeper. Disconnect the contact before measuring.

g.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Disconnector 1. does not operate electrically.

43

L145 S 010206

Disconnector
2. gives no electrical signals.
a. Inspect supply voltage.
Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP .

Inspection Sequences:

Disconnector (continued)

no supply?

b.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings

failure?

c.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

19

d.

Inspect mechanism.
[2.3]

failure?

18

e.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Disconnector 2. gives no electrical signals.

44

L145 S 010206

Fault-make type earthing switch


1. does not operate electrically.
a. Inspect interlocking and blocking. (inter)locked?
16

Inspection Sequences: Fault-make type earthing switch

Inspect the conditions for switching. If there is any (inter)locking between the switch concerned and other parts of the equipment the component will not switch. Inspect also if the mechanism of the switch concerned is mechanically and electrically locked.

b.

Inspect supply voltage.


Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP .

no supply?

c.

Inspect connectors.
Inspect if all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are proper fitted in their housings.

failure?

d.

Inspect mechanism.
[3.6]

failure?

20

e.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.


measuring.

failure?

21

[3.4] Check the contact switching of the auxiliary contacts by means of a beeper or multi-meter. Disconnect the contact before

f.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Fault-make type earthing switch 1. does not operate electrically.

45

L145 S 010206

Fault-make type earthing switch


2. does not open electrically.
a. Inspect interlocking and blocking. (inter)locked?
16

Inspection Sequences:

Fault-make type earthing switch


(continued)

Check the conditions for switching. If there is any (inter)locking between the switch concerned and other parts of the equipment the component will not switch. Check also if the mechanism of the switch concerned is mechanically and electrically locked.

b.

Inspect supply voltage.


Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP.

no supply?

c.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

d.

Inspect the motor.


[3.5]

failure?

22

e.

Inspect mechanism.
[3.6]

failure?

20

f.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

21

[3.4] Inspect the contact switching of the auxiliary contacts by means of a beeper. Disconnect the contact before measuring.

g.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Fault-make type earthing switch 2. does not open electrically.

46

L145 S 010206

Fault-make type earthing switch


3. does not close electrically.
a. Inspect interlocking and blocking. (inter)locked?
16

Inspection Sequences:

Fault-make type earthing switch


(continued)

Check the conditions for switching. If there is any (inter)locking between the switch concerned and other parts of the equipment the component will not switch. Check also if the mechanism of the switch concerned is mechanically and electrically locked.

b.

Inspect supply voltage.


Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP.

no supply?

c.

Inspect connectors
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

d.

Inspect mechanism.
[3.6]

failure?

20

e.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

21

[3.4] Inspect the contact switching of the auxiliary contacts by means of a beeper. Disconnect the contact before measuring.

f.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Fault-make type earthing switch 3. does not close electrically.

47

L145 S 010206

Fault-make type earthing switch


4. gives no electrical signals.
a. Inspect supply voltage.
Check that a voltage supply is available in the LCP .

Inspection Sequences:

Fault-make type earthing switch


(continued)

no supply?

b.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

c.

Inspect auxiliary contacts.

failure?

21

[3.4] Inspect the contact switching of the auxiliary contacts by means of a beeper. Disconnect the contact before measuring.

d.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Fault-make type earthing switch 4. gives no electrical signals.

48

L145 S 010206

Readings
1. No high voltage reading.
a. Inspect absence of voltage over meter.
Check the voltage over the terminals of the voltage meter with a multi meter .

Inspection Sequences: Readings

V present?

23

b.

Inspect connections.
Check the connections of the wirings from the voltage transformer to the voltage meter.

failure?

24

c.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins, short-circuits etc.

d.

Possible damage on voltage transformer.


Check if there is any damage to the voltage transformer

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Readings 1. No high voltage reading.

49

L145 S 010206

Readings
2. No primary current reading.
a. Inspect absence of current through meter. C present?

Inspection Sequences:

Readings (continued)

25

Check the current through the A-meter with a multi meter. Ensure that a direct, permanent connection between the current transformer terminals is maintained.

b.

Inspect connections.
Check the connections of the wirings between the A meter and the current transformer.

failure?

24

c.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins, short-circuits etc.

d.

Possible damage on current transformer.


Check if there is any damage to the current transformer.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Readings 2. No primary current reading.

50

L145 S 010206

Signals
1. Gas density too low signal.
a. Inspect gas density. too low?
3

Inspection Sequences: Signals

Check the SF6 gas density level of all compartments by reading the density meter on the compartments. Check if the observed value is within the permitted boundaries indicated in the manual.

b.

Inspect contacts gas density meter.

failure?

Check the switching of the gas density meter contacts. First disconnect the wiring. Check the contact position and compare with the position of the respective contacts on the drawing, use the beeper and force the reading of the gas density meter using a hand pump. Compare the switching values with the indicated values in the manual.

c.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins, short-circuits etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Signals 1. Gas density too low signal.

51

L145 S 010206

Signals
2. Oil pressure too low signal.
a. Inspect oil pressure. too low?
5

Inspection Sequences:

Signals (continued)

Record the oil pressure from the indicating manometer on the hydraulic unit. In case the indication of the manometer is doubtful use the precision manometer. Record the oil pressure from the manometer and compare the observed value with the indicated value in the manual.

b.

Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted in their housings.

failure?

c.

Inspect pressure switches pomp start and signal.


1.8

failure?

d.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins, short-circuits etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Signals 2. Oil pressure too low signal.

52

L145 S 010206

Signals
3. Nitrogen loss signal.
a. Inspect accumulator pre-pressure.
1.9

Inspection Sequences:

Signals (continued)

too low?

b.

Inspect connectors.
Inspect if all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are proper fitted to their housings.

failure?

c.

Inspect contacts magnetic switches.

failure?

26

Check the switching of the contacts of the magnetic switches by moving a magnet along the switch and by measuring the contact switching with a beeper or multi-meter. If necessary measure the presence of magnetism by moving a coil along the switch and by measuring the current trough the coil.

d.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins, short-circuits etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Signals 3. Nitrogen loss signal.

53

L145 S 010206

Signals
4. Loose connector signal.
a. Inspect connectors.
Check that all connectors (multi-pole plugs) are properly fitted to their housings.

Inspection Sequences:

Signals (continued)

failure?

b.

Inspect secondary circuits.

failure?

10

Use the drawings of the secondary circuits. Follow the circuits in respect of the failure. Pay attention to relays disfunction, relay contacts, loose wires, multi-pole plug pins, short-circuits etc.

5a

See Actions See Inspection and Maintenance procedures

[3.5.]

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Trouble-shooting guide Inspection sequences Signals 4. Loose connector signal.

54

L145 S 010206

Actions

Circuit-breaker: 1 In case there is no supply voltage, check all weak items in the power supply circuit. Start with fuses, voltage supply relays, loose connections etc. In case one of the connectors is loose or not fitted at all ensure that all connectors are placed and close the clamps. If the density is too low a leak is likely. Leakage of SF6 can be checked in different ways. A first indicator is a low density level. The permissible leakage for the complete installation is 1 percent a year and 1 percent for one compartment. By calculating the complete volume of all compartments or the volume of the compartment concerned, the SF6 weight can be calculated by multiplying the volume with the density. By measuring the weight of added SF6 over, for instance 3, 6 or 12 months the percentage of leakage a year can be calculated. If the density level of a compartment has decreased over a relatively short period the presence of a leak is likely. If the leakage is less than the permissible percentage, the compartment can be topped up using the replenishment equipment [Proc. 7.2] and [Proc. 7.7]. If the leakage is more than the permissible percentage search for leaks using the TIF detector [Proc. 7.3] Ensure that the parts to be inspected are disconnected. The repair of a leak involves, in most situations, the evacuation of the compartment concerned. Ensure that after repairing a leak the necessary conditioning handling are carried out. To repair the leak, contact the Elin Holec Service department. Some repairs are described in the inspection and maintenance procedures. - self closing coupling - main shaft - drive box - Internal (increasing pressure in CB compartment) gasket groove ring flaw pores bursting disc O-rings flaw glued connections bolts

Circuit-breaker compartment: - self closing couplings - bursting disc - flange between removable part and compartment - insulator bushings between busbar disconnectors or termination disconnectors and the circuit-breaker compartment: - wire bushing current transformers - assembling point internal support for conductors - assembling point current transformers gasket O-ring disc O-ring

The numbers between brackets refer to the inspection and maintenance manual. After repair check if the failure is remedied by returning to your starting point on the failure inspection sequence list of this trouble-shooting guide.

O-ring O-ring gasket gasket

(continues on next page) >>

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Actions

Check very carefully. You can find leaks at the locations mentioned in the following list. This list applies to the L-SEP installation in general. Some of the items may not be applicable to the specific installation.

55

L145 S 010206

Actions (continued)

Busbar compartment: self closing coupling bursting disc end cover plate busbar vessel section connections disconnector insulator bushing between busbar compartment and circuit-breaker compartment earthing switch main shaft earthing switch housing Testpin bushing/voltage transformer isolation operation shaft Coverplate on top of voltage transformer (wire bushing O-ring) gasket O-ringdisc O-ring O-ring

Busduct: insulator connection section connections and cover self closing coupling bursting disc O-rings O-rings gasket O-ring disc O-ring wad O-ring O-ring O-ring flaw

- flange/ under cover plate O-ring O-ring O-ring O-ring O-ring O-ring inspection cover earthing switch main shaft earthing switch housing Disconnector insulating bushing between circuit-breaker and termination compartment flange between voltage transformer and termination compartment gas hoist between voltage transformer and termination compartment Testpin bushing/voltage transformer isolation operation shaft Coverplate on top of voltage transformer (wire bushing O-ring)

O-ring O-ring coupling O-ring O-ring

Termination compartment: The numbers between brackets refer to the inspection and maintenance manual. After repair check if the failure is remedied by returning to your starting point on the failure inspection sequence list of this trouble-shooting guide. - self closing coupling - bursting disc - flange/ under cover plate inspection cover earthing switch main shaft earthing switch housing Disconnector insulating bushing between circuit-breaker and termination compartment flange between voltage transformer and termination compartment gas hoist between voltage transformer and termination compartment Testpin bushing/voltage transformer isolation operation shaft Coverplate on top of voltage transformer (wire bushing O-ring) gasket O-ring disc O-ring wad O-ring O-ring O-ring flaw -

The pre-pressure of the accumulator does not meet the minimum required standard. Change the accumulator [Proc. 1.18]. The pressure of the hydraulic system is too low. Check the pump motor and check the setting of the pressure switch pump motor start [Proc. 1.8]. 1. The pump motor does not work. Exchange the motor [Proc. 1.19]. 2. The setting of the pressure switch contact pump motor start is lower than the circuit-breaker operating lock setting. Adjust the pressure switch setting and check the other settings [Proc. 1.15]/[Proc. 1.16]. (continues on next page) >>

O-ring O-ring coupling O-ring O-ring

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Actions

56

L145 S 010206

Actions (continued)

>> 6 1. The pressure switch contact setting deviates from the indicated value in the manual. Adjust the pressure switch 2. Pressure switch contact malfunctions. Change the pressure switch box and adjust the settings of the new box [Proc. 1.15]/[Proc. 1.16]. Check the other setting points [Proc. 1.8]]. 7 The operating coil is malfunctioning. Exchange the operating coil [Proc. 1.17]. 1. Incorrect adjustment of the over travel. Adjust the over travel space [Proc. 1.12]. 2. Auxiliary contact is malfunctioning. Exchange the contact [Proc. 1.12]. 14

Push the valve in the open position by loosening the bolt on the bottom of the hydraulic block and pushing the valve with, for instance, a screw driver. d. safety valve CAUTION: The setting of the safety valve may be to low. Wrong adjustment of the setting can be very dangerous. Please contact the Elin Holec service department before changing the setting. The oil level is too low. There are two possible faults: I There is an external leakage in the high pressure part of the hydraulic system. Search for leaks [Proc. 1.8] possible leaking points are: a. couplings: Change the pipe concerned. b. hand pump: Change the hand pump block. c. indication manometer: Change the manometer. d. oil level indicator: Empty the oil tank, open the tank after removing the pipes and exchange the level indicator. e. valve- and cylinder block: Exchange the block. II The accumulator pre-pressure is too low. Check the accumulator pre-pressure [Proc. 1.9]. If the pre-pressure of the accumulator is lower than 180 bar, exchange the accumulator [Proc. 1.18]. 15 Exchange the pumping device. (continues on next page) >>

The numbers between brackets refer to the inspection and maintenance manual. After repair check if the failure is remedied by returning to your starting point on the failure inspection sequence list of this trouble-shooting guide.

The gas density meter is malfunctioning. Exchange the meter: 1. Disconnect the wiring. 2. Remove the meter by screwing anti clockwise 3. install a new meter and connect the wiring Repair the failure you have found. If you have found nothing, contact the Elin Holec Service Department. If possible, open the earthing switches . If this is not possible the circuit-breaker should not be closed. Close the bypass tap. There is too much oil leaking from the high pressure to the low pressure part. Locate the leak. Possible leaking points are: a. bypass tapOpen and close the tap several times and let the oil flow through. If the fault remains, replace the tap. b. hand pump Depressurise the system. Change the hand pump. c. main valve in intermediate position (no pressure rising at all) Depressurise the system.

10

11

12 13

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Actions

57

L145 S 010206

Actions (continued)

>> 16 If switching is intended check if switching is prohibited according to the interlocking table (see operation chapter, interlocking conditions). If not, carry out the necessary switching operations to free the affected switch of interlockings. Ensure that the mechanism of the affected switch is not locked. The motor is malfunctioning. You will have to exchange the motor [Proc. 2.7] The triple worm gear may be damaged. Adjust the over travel space of the auxiliary contacts. If one or more of the contacts are malfunctioning exchange the contact and adjust the over travel space. There is a fault in the mechanism. Exchange the damaged part. Damaged parts may be: 1.gearbox , broken drive shaft 2.spring Adjust the over travel space of the auxiliary contacts [Proc. 3.4]. If one or more of the contacts are malfunctioning exchange the contact and adjust the over travel space. The motor is malfunctioning. Exchange the motor [Proc. 3.9]. 23 The V-meter is probably defect. Exchange the V-meter. 24 25 26 17 Repair the loose and/or broken connections. The A-meter is probably defect. Exchange the A-meter. The magnetic switches are malfunctioning. Exchange the switches.

18 19

20 The numbers between brackets refer to the inspection and maintenance manual. After repair check if the failure is remedied by returning to your starting point on the failure inspection sequence list of this trouble-shooting guide. 21

22

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Actions

58

L145 S 010206

Procedures:

Use of the procedures The procedures in this chapter give step by step instructions for inspection and maintenance handling. On different places in the operation and maintenance manual, reference is made to these procedures. Sometimes within a procedure reference is made to another procedure. The total survey of procedures in this chapter does not mean that all procedures have to be done frequently. In principle only inspection is done frequently (see inspection schedule) and maintenance is done after a possible detection of a failure.

Procedure levels All procedures are labelled with a level. This indicates the following degrees of difficulty:
Level 1

Relation with warranty The levels mentioned in this chapter have no relation with the warranty on the system. Even if the procedures are followed step by step the warranty may invalidate in case of damage caused by the use of tools.

Introduction

For personnel that should be able to operate the system and recognise problems. General electro-technical knowledge is required.
Level 2

Please note: Some of the procedures in this chapter may not be applicable for the specific installation.

For personnel that should be able to investigate possible problems on the system and carry out simple maintenance handling. General electro-technical, mechanical knowledge and practical experience is required.
Level 3

For personnel that should be able to solve possible specific problems on the system and perform complex maintenance handling. Specific theory and maintenance training (approximately 4 weeks) and continuous practical experience is required.
Level 4

For personnel that should be able to do repair procedures with the same complexity level as factory assembling. Specialistic training (approximately 3 years) and a lot of experience is required.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & Maintenance procedures

59

L145 S 010206 Procedures:

1.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11

Contents (detailed)

1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection schedule SF6 safety guidelines Trouble-shooting guide Inspection & Maintenance procedures

1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25

Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker: inspection Inspecting the blocking mechanism of the hydraulic drive unit (lv 1) 3 Manual operation of the circuit-breaker (lv 1) 4 Re-pressurizing the system manually (lv 1) 5 Inspecting the auxiliary contact (lv 2) 6 Inspecting the drive unit (lv 2) 7 Inspecting the oil lv (lv 2) 8 Locating external oil leaks (lv 2) 9 Inspecting the hydraulic pressure switches (lv 2) 10 Inspecting the accumulator pre-pressure (lv 2) 12 Inspecting the switching velocity of the circuit-breaker (lv 2) 13 Inspecting the electrical operation of the circuit-breaker (lv 1) 14 Circuit-breaker: maintenance Changing an auxiliary contact (lv 3) 15 Replenishing oil (lv 2) 16 Changing the driving mechanism oil (lv 2) 17 Adjusting the hydraulic pressure switches set to decreasing pressure (lv 3) 18 Adjusting the hydraulic pressure switch set to increasing pressure (lv 3) 20 Replacing an operating coil (lv 3) 21 Changing the accumulator (lv 4) 22 Changing the hydraulic power supply unit (lv 4) 25 Changing the hydraulic pump motor (lv 4) 26 Removing and re-fitting the removable section of the circuit-breaker (lv 4) 27 Changing of an arcing contact (fixed part) (lv 4) 29 Changing of an arcing contact (moving part) (lv 4) 30 Changing molecular sieve filters (lv 4) 34 Earthing the internals of the circuit-breaker compartment (lv 4)?? 36

2.
2.1 2.2

2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7

Disconnector Disconnector: operational Blocking of the disconnector (lv 1) Manual operation of the disconnector (lv 1) Disconnector: inspection Inspecting the disconnector driving mechanism (lv 2) Inspecting the disconnector motor (lv 2) Disconnector: maintenance Inspecting the electrical operation of the disconnector (lv 1) Lubrication of the disconnector driving mechanism (lv 2) Changing the disconnector motor (lv 3)

4. 4.1
37 38

Test probes Using test probes at the termination compartment (lv 3) Multi-pole plugs Assembling/disassembling multi-pole plugs (lv 3) Disengaging a bay Disengaging a bay for maintenance and extension purposes (lv 1) Disengaging a bay in operational situations (lv 1) Gassystem Establishing gasdensity P-T (lv 2) Replenishment equipment Searching for leaks using the TIF detector (lv 2) Measuring of the SF6-gas quality; Measuring the air percentage (lv 3) Measuring of the SF6-gas quality; Measuring the dew point (lv 3) O-rings Replenishing SF6-gas (lv 2) Removing and replenishing SF6-gas, Gas conditioning Changing a bursting disk

54

5. 5.1

39 40

60

6. 6.1
6.2

41 42 43

61 62

3.

Earthing switch Earthing switch: operational 3.1 Removing and returning the cover of the earthing switch (lv 1) 3.2 Mechanically blocking the earthing switch (lv 1) 3.3 Manual operation of the earthing switch (lv 1) Earthing switch: inspection 3.4 Inspecting the auxiliary contacts (lv 2) 3.5 Inspecting the motor (lv 2) 3.6 Inspecting the earthing switch driving mechanism (lv 2) Earthing switch: maintenance 3.7 Inspecting the electrical operation of the earthing switch (lv 1) 3.8 Lubrication of the earthing switch driving mechanism (lv 2) 3.9 Changing the earthing switch motor (lv 3) 3.10 Removing and returning the earthing switch (lv 4)

7. 7.1 7.2 7.3


44 45 46 47 48 49 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9

63 64 65 67 69 71 72 74 75

50 51 52 53

60

L145 S 010206

Procedure 1.1.

Inspecting the blocking mechanism of the hydraulic drive unit (level 1)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Hydraulic pump unit.

9 10

11 12

13 14 15 16

17

Switch on the pump motor supply voltage.

Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: Frequency: Information: - circuit-breaker - mechanical drive unit - once every ten years - switching the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.11]

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2.

Switch the circuit-breaker to the closed position. [Proc. 1.11] Make sure that the hydraulic system has the correct operating pressure (272-282 bar). The operating pressure is indicated on the manometer (2) of the hydraulic pump unit. Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Remove the cover plate of the mechanical drive unit. Partially open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit so that the pressure decreases slowly. When the pressure drops between 100 and 50 bar, the blocking pawl blocking pawl (16) on the blocking cylinder blocking cylinder (17) will move to the left. The driving shaft and the lever (13) will go down slowly. When the pressure drops, the pawl (14) connected to the lever (13) moves against the blocking pawl (14) , to stop the movement of the lever (13). This keeps the circuit-breaker in the closed position.

6.

To return to the normal operating condition: Close the bypass tap (3). Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Switch on the pump motor supply voltage.

Note: The hydraulic system will now re-pressurize to the normal operating pressure and the blocking pawl (16) moves back to the right. 7. Install the cover plate of the mechanical drive unit.

3. 4. 5. Note:

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection and maintenance procedures Circuit-breaker Inspection Maintenance

61

L145 S 010206

Procedure 1.2.

Manual operation of the circuit-breaker


(level 1)

18

Switching buttons on the hydraulic drive unit

Mechanical drive housing

Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: - circuit-breaker - hydraulic system - hydraulic drive unit - front side of the hydraulic drive unit - switching buttons operating coils - inspection - maintenance purposes - none

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. Note:

Remove the cover plate of the hydraulic drive unit. Three buttons will become visible: - the top button Y1, is the closing operating-valve. - the two lower buttons Y2 and Y3 are the opening operating-valves.

3. 4. Note:

Firmly press either button Y1, Y2 or Y3, to switch the circuit-breaker. Firmly press either button Y1,Y2 or Y3, to switch the circuit-breaker. The position of the circuit-breaker is shown in the position indicator window (18) located in the mechanical drive housing.

When: Equipment:

2. Note:

Check the pressure of the hydraulic drive unit. -The pressure is shown on the manometer which is on the hydraulic pump unit. - The circuit-breaker in service must not be switched manually if the pressure is below 250 bar. - If the pressure is higher than 250 bar, manual switching is permitted. 5.

Caution:

Manual operation of the circuit breaker bypasses the electrical locking system.

Install the cover plate of the hydraulic drive unit.

L-SEP
4 MAINTENANCE
Inspection and maintenance procedures Circuit-breaker Inspection Maintenance

62

L145 S 010206

Procedure 1.3.

Re-pressurizing the system manually (level 1)

1 2 3 4 6 18

Hydraulic pump unit Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: Frequency: Information: Equipment: - hydraulic drive unit - parallel to the electrical pump - service and maintenance purposes - manual operation of the circuitbreaker [Proc. 1.2] - handle (nr. 7002603)

Mechanical drive housing

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2. Note:

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). The pressure must now be removed from the system: Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. The oil will flow from the high pressure area back into the oil tank (6). When all the accumulator oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar.

6. 7.

Manually switch the circuit-breaker. [Proc. 1.2]. If the circuit-breaker does not close or open completely (the position indicator window (18) does not show any position), keep on pumping manually until the circuitbreaker is closed or opened competely. The position of the circuit-breaker is displayed in the position indicator window (18) window located in the mechanical drive housing.

Note:

3. 4.

Close the bypass tap (3). Pressurize the system manually: - Put the handle (4) on the hand pump of the hydraulic pump unit. - Secure the handle with the provided bolt. Pressurize the system by moving the handle from back to front. Keep moving the handle until the manometer (2) shows a minimal pressure of 5 bar higher than the accumulator pre-pressure 8.

To return to the normal operating condition: -Remove the oil tank (6) from the hand pump. -Close the position indicator window (18). -Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1) Switch on the pump motor supply voltage. The hydraulic system will now re-pressurize to the normal operating pressure.

5.

9. Note:

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Procedure 1.4.

Inspecting the auxiliary contact (level 2)

10

Hydraulic pump unit Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: Frequency: Equipment: - drive housing of the circuit breaker - after switching 2000 times - once every ten years - feeler gauge 0.5 mm (0.02 inch) - multi-meter

Mechanical drive housing

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Remove the hydraulic pressure from the system: -Switch off the supply voltage -Disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). -Open thebypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plugs of the auxiliary contacts (10). Remove the cover plate of the mechanical drive housing. Examine the auxiliary contacts, which are depressed by the switch cam (11), for so called 'overtravel'. You must be able to depress a closed auxiliary contact for approximately another 0.5 mm (0.02 inch). You can measure this distance by using a feeler gauge.In this position of the circuit-breaker you can also check if the opened auxiliary contacts in the other unit can be switched smoothly by using an multi-meter. Connect the multi-pole plugs and switch on the supply voltage of the auxiliary contact

6. 7. 8.

Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Pressurize the system by closing the bypass tap (3) and switching on the pump motor supply voltage. Electrically switch the circuit-breaker. The switch cam (11) will now depress the auxiliary contacts of the other unit. Remove the pressure from the system (refer to step 1).

2. 3. 4.

9.

10. Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multipole plugs. 11. Examine the auxiliary contacts again. The closed auxiliary contacts for overtravel and the opened auxiliary contacts for unobstructed switching. Note: All auxiliary contacts must be inspected in the opened and the closed position. 12. Install the cover plate of the mechanical drive housing. 13. Connect the multi-pole plugs and switch on the supply voltage of the auxiliary contacts 14. Pressurize the system (refer to step 7).

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Procedure 1.5.

Inspecting the drive unit (level 2)

1 2 3

11

12

13

15

17

Hydraulic pump unit Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: Frequency: Equipment: - circuit-breaker - drive housing of the circuit- breaker - once every ten years - none

Mechanical drive housing

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2. Note:

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Remove the pressure from the system: Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. The oil will flow from the high pressure area back into the oil tank (6). When all the oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar.

6. 7.

Install the cover plate of the mechanical drive housing. To return to the normal operating condition: -Close the bypass tap (3). -Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). -Switch on the pump motor supply voltage. The hydraulic system will now pressurize to thenormal operating pressure.

Note:

3. 4.

Remove the cover plate of the mechanical drive housing . Visually check the following drive unit parts: - switch cam (11) - main shaft (12) - lever (13) - drive crank (15) - blocking cylinder (17) Make sure that bolts and nuts are fitted tight and check for possible damage.

5.

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Procedure 1.6. (level 2)

Inspecting the oil level

Hydraulic pump unit Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: - circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - level gauge - once a year - locating external oil leaks [Proc. 1.7] - inspecting the accumulator pre-pressure [Proc. 1.9] - none

1. Note:

Do a check of the oil level by reading the level gauge (7) on the oil tank. Under operating conditions, the oil level must be within the indicated limits of the nominal area.

Frequency: Information:

2.

Equipment:

If the oil level is too low, there may be two reasons: - An external leak in the hydraulic drive unit. Do a check for external oil leaks [Proc. 1.7]. - The accumulator pre-pressure is too low. Inspect the accumulator pre-pressure [Proc. 1.9].

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Procedure 1.7.

Locating external oil leaks (level 2)

1 2 3

Hydraulic pump unit

Location: Frequency: Information: Equipment:

- circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - once a year - when the oil level is too low - replenishing oil [Proc. 1.13] - none

1. 2.

Remove the cover plate of the hydraulic drive unit. Check the hydraulic system for oil leaks, paying close attention to the couplings. Oil leakages at the couplings can be repaired. Before you repair an oil leak you must:

7. 8. 9.

Repeat steps 5 and 6 to repair other oil leaks. Replenish the oil [Proc. 1.13]. Make sure that all leaks have been repaired. If this is not the case, contact the Elin Holec Supervising & Commissioning department.

3.

Make sure the bay is disengaged - switch off the supply voltage and - disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). 4. The hydraulic pressure must now be removed from the system: -Open the bypass tap (3) of the hydraulic pump unit. The oil will flow from the high pressure area back into the oil tank (6). When the accumulator oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar. 5. 6. Clean the area surrounding the leaking coupling using a clean cloth. Fasten the coupling using a properly fitting wrench. Do not over-tighten the coupling.

10. If there are no more oil leaks present, install the cover plate of the hydraulic drive unit.

Note:

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Procedure 1.8.

Inspecting the hydraulic pressure switches (level 2)

1 2 3

19

S15

S16

S17

Hydraulic pump unit

Hydraulic pressure switch system

Location: When: Equipment:

- hydraulic system - pressure switch system - once in five years - precision manometer 0-400 bar (not part of supply contract) - multi-meter

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2.

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Remove the pressure from the hydraulic system by opening the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. When all the oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar. Remove the cover of the hydraulic pressure switch system. Connect the precision manometer to the measurement nipple (19). Pressurize the system: close the bypass tap (3). connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). switch on the supply voltage.

7. 8.

There are a total of six contact points on the system. Five of these are set to decreasing pressure. In order to measure the pressure adjustment of these five contact points, the following steps must be taken: a. Start by finding the two contact points to be measured on the connection diagram. b. Remove the multi-pole plug of the hydraulic pressure switch system. c. Connect the multi-meter to the relevant pins of the contact points in the socket. d. Partially open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. The precision manometer shows the decrease in pressure. As the pressure drops, the contact switches . At this moment the multi-meter will react.

3. 4. 5.

Note:

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When the hydraulic system has reached its normal operating pressure, the pump motor (1)stops. 6. Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). (continues on next page) >>

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Procedure 1.8. (continued)

Inspecting the hydraulic pressure switches (level 2)

>> e. Record the pressure indicated on the precision manometer as this occurs. f. Compare this observed value, with the indicated pressure value on the connection diagram. g. Pressurize the system by closing the bypass tap (3), replacing the multi-pole plug of the pump motor and switching on the pump motor supply voltage. h. Repeat the procedure in order to measure the four other contact points, with decreasing pressure. 9. To measure the single contact point set to increasing pressure, the following steps must be taken: a. Replace the multi-pole plug of the pressostat system. b. Switch off the supply voltage. c. Remove the pressure from the system by opening the bypass tap (3). When all the oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar. d. Close the bypass tap (3). e. The system must now be re-pressurized by switching on the supply voltage. f. Record the pressure shown on the precision manometer as soon as the pump motor (1) switches off. This is the observed value of the sixth contact point.

1 2 3

Hydraulic pump unit

10. If one or more contact points are not set correctly, you must adjust them. The precision manometer may remain connected. The procedures for adjusting contact point settings can be found in this manual: [Proc. 1.15] for adjusting contact points set to decreasing pressure and [Proc. 1.16] for adjusting the single contact point set to increasing pressure. 11. When all inspected contact points are set correctly, the precision manometer may be removed. In order to remove the precision manometer you must first remove the pressure from the system: Switch off the supply voltage Remove the multi-pole plug of the pump motor. Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. 12. Remove the precision manometer, clean the measurement nipple with a cloth and replace the cap. 13. Install the pressure switch cover. 14. Repressurize the system.

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g. Compare this observed value with the indicated value on the connection diagram

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Procedure 1.9.

Inspecting the accumulator pre-pressure (level 2)

1 2 3 6

Hydraulic pump unit

Location: When: Equipment:

- hydraulic system - once every five years - if the oil level is too low - handle (nr. 7602879)

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2.

Switch off the supply voltage and remove the multipole plug of the pump motor. Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. The oil flows from the high pressure area back into the oil tank. When all the oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar. Close the bypass tap (3). You must now pressurize the system manually. Put the handle (4) on the hand pump of the hydraulic pump unit. Secure the handle, with the bolt provided. Pressurize the system by moving the handle from back to front. At first, the system pressure will increase rapidly. This can be monitored on the manometer (2) on the hydraulic pump unit. After a while pumping will become difficult. Pressure will only increase slowly and possibly stop increasing. The accumulator pre-pressure has now been reached.

6.

Record the pre-pressure as indicated on the manometer. If the recorded accumulator pre-pressure is between 180 and 200 bar, there is a sufficient amount of nitrogen present. If the recorded accumulator prepressure is below 180 bar, contact the Elin Holec Supervising & Commissioning department. The minimum accumulator pre-pressure must be 180 bar, to guarantee a complete O-C-O switching.

3. 4.

Note:

7. 8.

Remove the handle from the pump. Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor and switch on the supply voltage.

5.

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Procedure 1.10.

Inspecting the switching velocity of the circuit-breaker


(level 2)

Location: Information: When: Equipment:

- hydraulic system - measure point switching velocity - correct switching velocity (test reports) - once every 10 years - U.V. recorder, or : - transient recorder, or: - timer

Make sure the bay and the busbar you are about to work on are disengaged.

1. 2.

Switch all busbar disconnectors of all bays in the open position and block them. Switch all busbar earthing switches in the closed position and block them.Switch the termination earthing switches in the closed position and block them.

Make sure the cable is disengaged and earthed. 3. 4. 5. Disconnect the earthing connections from all busbar earthing switches of the disengaged busbar system. Measure the switching velocity by using a U.V. recorder, a transient recorder or a timer. Reconnect the earthing to all busbar earthing switches.

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Procedure 1.11.

Inspecting the electrical operation of the circuit-breaker


(level 1)

18

Mechanical drive housing

Location: When: Equipment:

- Local Control Panel (LCP) - switch - twice every year - none

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2.

Switch the circuit-breaker in the closed position by using the switch on the Local Control Panel (LCP). Switch the circuit-breaker in the opened position using the switch on the LCP.

Note: The position of the circuit-breaker is shown on the position indicator window (18) of the mechanical drive housing and on the LCP. CAUTION: By electrically switching of the circuit-breaker, using the switch on the LCP, all electrical and mechanical locking systems are included in the relevant station circuit. In contrast with electrical switching, manual switching bypasses the electrical locking system.

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Procedure 1.12.

Changing an auxiliary contact (level 3)

10

11

12

Hydraulic pump unit Location of the hydraulic drive unit


Location: When: Information: Materials: - circuit-breaker - mechanical drive unit - when an auxiliary contact is not functioning properly - correct functioning of the auxiliary contacts [Proc. 1.4] - auxiliary contacts (partnr. 7625882, 7625886)

Mechanical drive housing

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Remove the hydraulic pressure from the system: Switch off the pump motor supply voltage Disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit.

7.

Install a new auxiliary contact and reconnect it. Pay attention to the polarity of an extinguishing magnet which may be present. Test the functioning of the new auxiliary contact [Proc. 1.4]. Install the plate (10) of the auxiliary contact unit (11), with the six bolts. Install the cover plate of the mechanical drive housing.

8. 9.

2.

Switch off the supply voltage of the auxiliary contacts and disconnect the multi-pole plugs of the auxiliary contacts (11). Remove the cover plate of the mechanical drive housing. Locate the auxiliary contact unit (11) containing the faulty contact. Remove its plate (10) by loosening the six bolts. Remove the auxiliary contact by moving it from the auxiliary contact unit (11). Disconnect the auxiliary contact.

10. Connect the multi-pole plugs and switch on the supply voltage of the auxiliary contacts. 11. Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). 12. Pressurize the system by closing the bypass tap (3) and switching on the pump motor supply voltage.

3. 4.

5.

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Procedure 1.13.

Replenishing oil

(level 2)

2 3 5

Hydraulic pump unit


Location: When: Materials:: - circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - when the oil level is too low [Proc. 1.6] - oil (Shell Aero Fluid 4)

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2. Note:

Switch off the pump motor supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. The oil flows from the high pressure area back into the oil tank. The manometer (2) shows 0 bar.

4. 5.

Close the filling opening (5). Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1) and switch on the pump motor supply voltage. Let the pump motor (1) run for ten minutes with the bypass tap (3) opened. Close the bypass tap (3). The hydraulic system will now pressurize to the normal operating pressure.

6. Note:

3.

Add clean oil through the filling opening (5) in the hydraulic pump unit, until the level reaches the maximum on the level gauge (7). Do not exceed this maximum level sign.

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Procedure 1.14.

Changing the driving mechanism oil (level 2)

1 2 3 5

7 8 Hydraulic pump unit.

Location: When: Information: Materials:

- circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - once every five years - manually switching the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.2] - container to collect the oil (capacity 40 liter) - oil (Shell Aero Fluid 4)

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2. Note:

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Open the bypass tap (3). The oil flows from the high pressure area back into the oil tank. The manometer (2) shows 0 bar.

10. Manually switch the circuit breaker five times, in order to remove possible air in the hydraulic drive unit [Proc. 1.2].

3. 4. 5.

Put the container below the hydraulic pump unit and remove plug R1/2 (8), to drain the oil. When all the oil has been collected, install the plug R1/ 2 (8). Add clean oil through the filling opening (5) in the hydraulic pump unit. Add oil until the level reaches the maximumon thelevel gauge (7). Do not exceed this maximum level sign. Close the filling opening (5). Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (6). Let the pump motor (1) run for ten minutes with the bypass tap (3) opened. Close the bypass tap (3). The hydraulic system will now pressurize to the normal operating pressure.

6. 7.

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8. 9. Note:

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Procedure 1.15.

Adjusting the hydraulic pressure switches set to decreasing pressure


(level 3)

22 23

Hydraulic pump unit

Pressure switch box

Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged.


Location: When: Information: Equipment: - circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - if the contact points are not set correctly - correct adjustment of the contact points (connection diagram) - multi-meter - precision manometer 0-500 bar (partnr. 7624751)

1.

In order to adjust a contact point set to decreasing pressure, the following steps must be taken: a. Switch off the supply voltage and remove the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). b. Make sure the precision manometer is still correctly connected to the measurement nipple [Proc. 1.8]. c. In order to adjust a contact point, turn the adjustment screw (22).

h. As the pressure drops, the contact switches. At this moment the multi-meter reacts. Record the pressure shown on the precision manometer as this occurs. i. Compare this new value, with the indicated pressure value on the connection diagram. j. Pressurize the system by closing the bypass tap (3) connecting the pump motors multi-pole plug and switching on the supply voltage. Repeat the procedure (a. to j.) until the contact point is correctly adjusted. (continues on next page) >>

Note: Do not turn the nut (23). d. Inspect the new setting of the contact point. To do so, find the two contact points to be measured on the connection diagram. e. Disconnect the multi-pole plug of the hydraulic pressure switches system.

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f. Connect the multimeter to the relevant pins of the contact points in the socket. g. Partially open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit.

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Procedure 1.15. (continued)

Adjusting the hydraulic pressure switches set to decreasing pressure (level 3)

Hydraulic pump unit

>> 2. When the correct value has been set, the other contact point on the same pressure switch box must also be checked because they are interconnected by a shaft. When all inspected contact points are set correctly, the precision manometer may be removed. To do so, you must first remove the pressure from the system: 4. 5. Switch off the supply voltage Remove the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit.

3.

Remove the precision manometer and clean the measurement nipple, with a cloth and install the cap. Install the pressure switch cover. Repressurize the system.

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Procedure 1.16.

Adjusting the hydraulic pressure switch set to increasing pressure


(level 3)

1 2 3 22 23

Hydraulic pump unit

Pressure switch box

Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged.


Location: When: Information: Equipment: - circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - if the contact points are not set correctly - correct adjustment of the contact points (connection diagram) - multi-meter - precision manometer 0-500 bar (partnr. 7624751)

1.

In order to adjust a contact point set to increasing pressure, the following steps must be taken: a. Remove the pressure of the system by switching off the supply voltage, removing the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1) and opening the bypass tap (3)of the hydraulic pump unit. The oil will flow from the high pressure area back into the oil tank. The manometer (2) shows 0 bar. b. Make sure the precision manometer is still correctly connected to the measurement nipple [Proc. 1.8]. c. In order to adjust a contact point, turn the adjustment screw (22).

g. Compare this observed value, with the indicated value on the connection diagram. Repeat the procedure (a. to g.) until the contact point is correctly adjusted. 2. Once the correct value has been set, the other contact point on the same pressure switch box must also be checked because they are interconnected by a shaft. When all inspected contact points are set correctly, the precision manometer may be removed. Before you remove it, you must first remove the pressure from the system: Switch off the supply voltage Remove the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1) Open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. 4. 5. 6. Remove the precision manometer and clean the measurement nipple, with a cloth and install the cap. Install the pressure switch cover. Repressurize the system.

3.

Note: Do not turn the nut (23). d. Close the bypass tap (3). e. Pressurize the system by connecting the multipole plug of the pump motor (1) and switching on the supply voltage. f. Record the pressure shown on the precision manometer as soon as the pump motor (1) switches off.

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Procedure 1.17.

Replacing an operating coil (level 3)

1 2 3

24

25

26

Hydraulic pump unit

Operating coils

Location: When: Information: Equipment:

- circuit-breaker - hydraulic drive unit - if an operating coil does not function properly - velocity of circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.10] - operating coil (setnumber 7602990, partnr. 7602990)

Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged.

1. 2. Note:

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Remove the pressure from the hydraulic system: open the bypass tap (3) on the hydraulic pump unit. When all the oil is collected in the oil tank, the manometer (2) shows 0 bar.

9.

Install the cover plate of the hydraulic drive unit.

10. Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1) and switch on the supply voltage. 11. Close the bypass tap (3). Note: The hydraulic system will now pressurize to the normal operating pressure. 12. Test the functioning of the operating coil by electrically switching the circuit breaker to the opened and closed position. 13. Measure the switching velocity of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.10].

3. 4. 5.

Remove the cover plate of the hydraulic drive unit. Disconnect the plug (25) from the operating coil (26). Remove the operating coil with the four bolts (24). Make sure the small spring behind the operating coil does not eject from its setting. Check if the core of the new operating coil (26) can move smoothly. Make sure the new operating coil has the correct specifications. Install the new operating coil, with the four bolts. Do not forget the small spring. Connect the plug (25).

6. 7.

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Procedure 1.18.

Changing the accumulator (level 4)

27

28 29

L-SEP + Accumulator

Location: When:

- circuit-breaker - hydraulic system - when the accumalator is not functioning properly, due to a too low prepressure (< 180 bar.) - removing and re-fitting the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21] - oil leakage check [Proc. 1.7] - oil level check [Proc. 1.6] - replenishing the oil [Proc. 1.13] - manually switching the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.2] - two eye bolts (M12) - mounting horse (partnr. 7361773) - accumulator (partnr. 7509043) - container for collecting oil - coupling assembly (partnr. ???)

Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Remove the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21]. Install the removable section of the circuit-breaker on the mounting horse. Disconnect the wiring inside the sleeve (27). Remove the four bolts and retainer washers, which attaches the sleeve (27) to the ring on top of the accumulator (28), then remove the sleeve (27). Remove the two bolts and washers, which attach the ring on top of the accumulator (28), then remove the ring. Install two eye bolts on top of the accumulator (28). Attach a hoist to the two eye bolts so that the accumulator (28) can be vertically lifted. Put the container below the accumulator (28) to catch the oil leakage.

9.

Disconnect the coupling which is on the pipe at the bottom of the accumulator (28). Remove and discard the seal ring.

Information:

10. Measure the distance between the bottom-side of the accumulator (28) and its mounting frame. Make a note of this measurement. 11. Remove the four nuts and washers at the bottom of the mounting frame of the accumulator (28). 12. Remove the clamp (29) from the accumulator (28), then remove the accumulator (28). 13. Install the union of the new coupling assembly on the new accumulator. 14. Remove the four studs at the bottom of the old accumulator and install them on the new accumulator. 15. Carefully put the accumulator in position on its mounting frame. Make sure the distance you measured is the same. (continues on next page) >>

5.

Equipment:

6. 7. 8.

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Procedure 1.18. (continued)

Changing the accumulator (level 4)

27

3 28 29

L-SEP + Accumulator

Hydraulic pump unit

>> 16. Put the seal ring of the new coupling assembly between the pipe and the union at the bottom of the accumulator (28). 17. Install the coupling to the union at the bottom of the accumulator (28). 18. Install the four nuts and washers on the studs to attach the accumulator (28) to its mounting frame. 19. Install the clamp (29) around the accumulator (28). 20. Remove the hoist and the two eye bolts on top of the accumulator (28). 21. Install the ring on top of the accumulator (28), with the two bolts and washers. 22. Attach the sleeve (27) to the ring, with the four bolts and retainer washers. 23. Connect the wiring inside the sleeve (27). 24. Install the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21]. 25. When the supply voltage is switched on, let the pump motor (1) operate for ten minutes, with the bypass tap (3) opened. 26. Close the bypass tap (3) and let the system pressurize. 27. Manually switch the circuit-breaker five times to remove air from the hydraulic system [Proc. 1.2]. 28. Do a check of oil leakage [Proc. 1.7]. 29. Do a check of the oil level [Proc. 1.6] and replenish the oil if necessary [Proc. 1.13].

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Procedure 1.19.

Changing the hydraulic power supply unit (level 4)

Hydraulic pump unit

Removal:
Location: When: Information: - circuit-breaker - hydraulic system - when the hydraulic power supply unit is not functioning properly - manually switching the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.2] - replenishing the oil [Proc. 1.13] - changing the oil [Proc. 1.14] - oil leakage check [Proc. 1.7] - container for collecting oil (40 ltr) - hydraulic power unit (setnr. 7509141)

Installation: 1. Install the new hydraulic pump unit on the mounting frame (9), with the four bolts, the retainer washers and the nuts. Install the pump motor (1), with the four bolts. Connect the wiring to the pump motor (1). Install the two green clampblocks, the four high pressure tubes and the large return tube. Replenish the hydraulic pump unit, with oil [Proc. 1.13]. When the hydraulic system is pressurized to the normal operating pressure, do a check for oil leakages [Proc. 1.7]. Manually switch the circuit-breaker five times [Proc. 1.2]. Do a check for oil leakages again [Proc. 1.7].

Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged.

1. 2.

Drain the oil from the hydraulic pump unit [Proc. 1.14]. Make a note of the installation, then completely remove: the four high pressure tubes the two green clampblocks the large return tube Remove the four bolts, the retainer washers and the nuts, which attach the hydraulic pump unit to the mounting frame (9). Disconnect the wiring from the pump motor (1). Remove the four bolts, which attach the pump motor (1) to the hydraulic pump unit, then remove the pump motor (1). Remove the hydraulic pump unit from the mounting frame (9).

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Materials:

3.

4. 5.

7. 8.

6.

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Procedure 1.20.

Changing the hydraulic pump motor (level 4)

Hydraulic pump unit

Location: When: Materials:

- circuit-breaker - hydraulic system - when the hydraulic pump motor is not functioning properly - pump motor (partnr. 7153551)

Removal: Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1). Partially open the bypass tap (3) of the hydraulic pump unit. The pressure slowly decreases to 0 bar. Disconnect the wiring from the pump motor (1). Remove the four bolts which attach the pump motor (1) to the hydraulic pump unit. Remove the pump motor (1).

Installation: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Remove the clutch from the shaft of the pump motor (1). Install the clutch on the shaft of the new pump motor (1). Install the new pump motor (1), with the four bolts. Connect the wiring to the pump motor (1). Connect the multi-pole plug of the pump motor (1) and switch on the supply voltage. Close the bypass tap (3) and let the hydraulic system pressurize.

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Procedure 1.21.

Removing and refitting the removable section of the circuitbreaker (level 4)

Removal: Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect all multi-pole plugs from the installation. Partially open the bypass tap of the hydraulic pump unit. The pressure slowly decreases to 0 bar. Remove the SF6 gas from the compartment of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 7.8]. Remove the SF6 SF6 gas from the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 7.8]. Attach the hoisting equipment to the four suspension points of the removable section of the circuitbreaker and let the hoist equipment carry the weight of the removable section of the circuit-breaker. Remove the 19 bolts and retainer washers of the removable section of the circuit-breaker. Carefully pull the removable section out of the compartment. Cover the opening of the compartment with a sheet of plastic to protect it against dust and dirt. Remove the O - ring from the compartment. Cut the O - ring, to make it unservicable.

Installation: 1. 2. 3. Install a new O - ring [Proc. 7.6]. Move the removable section of the circuit-breaker to the compartment. Make sure the removable section and the compartment of the circuit-breaker are clean. Only then install the removable section of the circuit-breaker in the compartment. Carefully push the removable section into the compartment. Use a pocket-torch to make sure the primary conductors enter the interruptors correctly. Install the 19 bolts and retainer washers. Tighten the bolts by hand. Tighten the 19 bolts with a torque wrench set to 210 Nm (23.7 lbf.in). Replenish the compartment with, SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8]. Do the SF6 gas leakcheck [Proc. 7.3] Connect the multi-pole plugs and switch on the supply voltage.

Location: When: Information:

- circuit-breaker - for inspection and maintenance purposes - removing and replenishing SF6 [Proc. 7.8] - SF6 gas leakcheck [Proc. 7.3] - O-ring [Proc. 7.6] - O-ring (partnr. 3510045) - hoisting equipment (partnr. 7624670) - torque wrench 210Nm (23.7 lbf.in) - sheet of plastic

Materials:

4.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

6. 7.

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Procedure 1.22.

Changing of an arcing contact (fixed part)


(level 4)
Location: When: Information: - circuit-breaker - after inspection has indicated that changing is necessary - removing and replenishing SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8] - removing and re-fitting the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21] - O-rings [Proc. 7.6] - changing molecular sieve filter [Proc. 1.24] - SF6 gas leakage check [Proc. 7.3] - fixed contact (partnr. 7365574) - O-ring (partnr. 7269907) - protective clothes - full-face shield - acid-free vaseline

5 1 2

Removal: Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged. 1. 2. 3. Put on protective clothing. Remove the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21]. Open the interruptor: remove the six socket head bolts (1) remove the cover (2) from the interrupter remove and discard the O-ring (3). Remove six head bolts (5), then remove the fixed contact (4) from the contact holder.

3. 4. 5. 6.

Clean the inside of the interruptor and replace the molecular sieve filter [Proc. 1.24]. Install the new O - ring (3) [Proc. 7.6]. Install the cover (2) on the interruptor, with the socket head bolts (1). Replenish the removable section of the circuit-breaker, with SF6 gas until an overpressure of 0.5 bar is reached [Proc. 7.8]. Do the SF6 gas leakcheck [Proc. 7.3]. When there are no leakages found, remove the SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8 on page 125]. Install the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21].

Materials:

4.

7. 8. 9.

Installation: 1. 2. Clean the contact holder and apply a film of clean acid-free vaseline. Install the new contact (4), with the six head bolts (5). To adjust the new contact (4) do these steps: a. put the cover (2) with the contact on top, on a surface which is level b. put the side of the cover (2) against an upright rim c. turn the cover (2) and adjust the new contact (4) in the centre using a pair of compasses d. tighten the six head bolts (5)

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Procedure 1.23.

12

13 15 14

16 17 18 A

18

Changing of an arcing contact (moving part)


(level 4)
Location: When: Information: - circuit-breaker - after inspection has indicated that changing is necessary - SF6 gas leakage check [Proc. 7.3] - removing and replenishing SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8] - extending and re-fitting the removable section ofCB [Proc. 1.21] - O-rings [Proc. 7.6] - set contacts (partnr. 7410024) - new O-rings - protective clothes - a full-face shield - hoisting equipment (partnr. ??) - gas burner - adjustment template for centering the new arcing contact - template for adjusting the interruptors - loctite 242 - mounting horse (partnr. 7361773) - acid-free vaseline - special rope (partnr. 7369044) - special wrench (partnr. 7604053) - bolt spanner (partnr. 3510029) - boxspanner (partnr. 3510219) - hook spanner (partnr. 7361748) - clamping-pieces (partnr. ???)

1 2 11

B 10 9 8 7 6

Materials:

Removal: Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged. 1. 2. 3. 4. Put on protective clothing. Remove the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21]. Install the removable section of the circuit-breaker on the mounting horse. Open the interruptor: 5. remove the six socket head bolts (1) remove the cover (2) from the interrupter remove and discard the O-ring (3).

11. Put the interruptor vertically. Use soft material below the flange (10) to prevent damage. 12. Attach a hoist with the special rope to the teflon nozzle (18). 13. Use the special wrench, to remove the six head bolts (5). 14. Lift the hoist to remove the puffer switch from the interruptor, then put it on the work-bench. 15. Remove the laminated contacts (9)) together with the starflange (12). 16. Remove the two locking screws from the teflon nozzle (18). 17. Use the bolt spanner, to remove the teflon nozzle (18). 18. Remove the three locking screws from the streamformer (17). 19. Use the bolt spanner, to remove the stream-former (17). 20. Remove the locking of the cluster contact (6), then remove the cluster contact (6), with the hook spanner. 21. Remove the cylinder (13) from the spring-holder (14). (continues on next page) >>

Manually switch the circuit-breaker to the closed position, then open the bypass tap on the hydraulic pump unit [Proc. 1.2][Proc. 1.3]. Attach a hoist with a hoisting belt to the middle flange (8) of the interruptor. Remove the eight socket head bolts and washers from the flange (10). Move the interruptor so that there is access to the adjustment bolt (11). Remove the adjustment bolt (11).

6.

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10. Remove and discard the O - ring between the flange (10) and the drive unit.

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Procedure 1.23. (continued)

Changing of an arcing contact (moving part) (level 4)

>> 22. Install the two clamping-pieces into the holes at location A and B, then clamp them in a bench-vice so that the cone (15) can not turn. 23. Use the barrel wrench to remove the central electrode (7) and the phosphorus-bronze spring-ring. 24. Use the bolt spanner, to remove the arcing contact (16). Installation: 1. 2. 3. Move the new arcing contact (16) inside the cluster contact (6), to check for damage. Apply loctite to the thread of the central electrode (7). Use the bolt spanner, to install the arcing contact (16), then install the central electrode (7) and the phosphorusbronze spring-ring. The distance between the top of the arcing contact (16) and the spring-holder (14) must be 69 mm +1mm (2.716 inch +0.04 inch). Connect the cylinder (13) to the spring-holder (14). Install the cluster contact (6), with the hook spanner. Apply a film of clean acid-free vaseline to the contact surfaces of both contacts. To remove the free movement of the cluster contact (6), use the hook spanner to loosen and then tighten the cluster contact (6)) again. Lock the cluster contact (6). Use a bolt spanner, to install the stream-former (17). Apply loctite to the three locking screws, install them to lock the stream-former (17).

14. Clean the inside of the interruptor and replace the molecular sieve filter [Proc. 1.24]. 15. Attach a hoist with the special rope to the teflon nozzle (18). 16. Move the puffer switch into the interruptor. Make sure the holes of the contact are opposite a weld on the teflon screen. 17. Use the special wrench, to install the six socket head bolts (1). 18. Do a check if the arcing contact (16) is correctly centered using the template (maximum deviation is 0.5 mm (0.02 inch) ). 19. Install the new O - ring on the interruptor mounting flange of the drive unit [Proc. 7.6]. 20. Attach a hoist with a hoisting belt to the middle flange (5) of the interruptor. 21. Install the adjustment bolt (11). 22. Install the flange (10), with the eight socket head bolts. 23. Adjust the interruptors using adjustment template F23402 and secure them. 24. Close the interruptor: install the new O - ring [Proc. 7.6]. put the cover (2) in position on the interrupter install the six socket head bolts (1). 25. Replenish the removable section of the circuit-breaker , with SF6 gas until an overpressure of 0.5 bar is reached [Proc. 7.8]. 26. Do the SF6 gas leak check [Proc. 7.3]. 27. Changing molecular sieve filters 28. When there are no leakages found, remove the SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8]]. 29. Measure the resistance of the closed circuit-breaker contact. 30. Install the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21].

4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9.

10. To guarantee voltage stability, make sure the cluster contact (6) is correctly centered.

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11. Use the bolt spanner, to install the teflon nozzle (18), then lock it with the locking screws. 12. Use the special guiding strips, to move the cylinder (13) into the laminated contacts (9). 13. Sandpaper slightly the contact surfaces of the starflange (12), then apply penetrox A.

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Procedure 1.24.

Changing molecular sieve filters (level 4)


Location: When: Information: - circuit-breaker - after inspection has indicated that changing is necessary - removing and replenishing SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8] - removing and re-fitting the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21] - O-rings [Proc. 7.6] - changing molecular sieve filter [Proc. 1.24] - SF6 gas leakage check [Proc. 7.3] - fixed contact (partnr. 7365574) - O-ring (partnr. 7269907) - protective clothes - full-face shield - acid-free vaseline

19

1 2

Removal: Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged. 1. 2. 3. Put on protective clothing. Remove the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21]. Open the interruptor: 4. remove the six socket head bolts (1) remove the cover (2) from the interrupter remove and discard the O-ring (3). 6. 3. 4. 5.

Materials:

turn the cover (2) and adjust the new contact (4) in the centre using a pair of compasses tighten the six head bolts (5) Clean the inside of the interruptor and replace the molecular sieve filter [Proc. 1.24]. Install the new O-ring (3) [Proc. 7.6]. Install the cover (2) on the interruptor, with the six head bolts (5). Replenish the removable section of the circuit-breaker, with SF6 gas until an overpressure of 0.5 bar is reached [Proc. 7.8]. Do the SF6 gas leakcheck [Proc. 7.3]. When there are no leakages found, remove the SF6 gas [Proc. 7.8]. Install the removable section of the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.21].

Remove six socket head bolts (1), then remove the fixed contact (4) from the contact holder. 7. 8.

Installation: 1. Clean the contact holder and apply a film of clean acid-free vaseline. Install the new contact (4), with the six head bolts (5). To adjust the new contact (4), do these steps: put the cover (2) with the contact on top, on a surface which is level put the side of the cover (2) against an upright rim 9.

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Procedure 1.25.

Earthing the internals of the circuit-breaker compartment (level 4)??


Location: When: - circuit-breaker - before entering the circuit-breaker compartment - (after removal of the removable section of the circuit-breaker, [Proc. 1.21]) - earthing set, setnumber 7620567

Equipment:

Hydraulic pump unit

Hydraulic pump unit

Explanation Although the capacitive stress on the internals of the circuit-breaker compartment is not dangerous it is advised to earth the following parts using the earthing device before entering the circuit-breaker compartment: a. the connection of the three circuit-breaker contacts with the busbar disconnector contacts; b. the connection of the circuit-breaker contacts with the termination disconnector contacts: the three conductors through the current transformers. The earth connection is made via a mounting plate on the enclosure of the circuit-breaker compartment. 1. 2. 3. Remove the withdrawable section of the circuitbreaker [Proc. 1.21]. Mount the plate (1) on the circuit-breaker compartment, using the hexagon head bolts (2) and blocker rings (2) . Fix the six earthing cables (3) to the mounting plate using the hexagon head bolts (4), blocker rings (4), spring rings (4) and hexagonal nuts (4). Fix the three earthing strips (5) to the other side of three earthing cables (3). Fix the three plugs (6) on the other side of the remaining three cables (3). Connect the three earthing strips (5) to (the intersections with the busbar disconnector contacts) using the earthing stick (7). Connect the three plugs (6) to (the intersections with the conductors through the current transformers) using the earthing stick (7). Check the earthing connections visually before entering the circuit-breaker compartment.

4. 5. 6.

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8.

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Procedure 2.1.

Blocking of the disconnector (level 1)


1 2

Disconnector driving mechanism

Disconnector driving mechanism

Location: When:

- disconnector - driving mechanism - maintenance purposes - extension of the busbar system or cable - blocking device (nr. 7624117) - padlock

1. 2. 3.

Open the cam locks on the cover of the disconnector driving mechanism. Remove the cover to get access to the disconnector driving mechanism. Put the blocking device (1) over the end of the driving shaft (3). The control contacts of the motor and the driving shaft are now blocked. Secure the blocking accessory (1), with the padlock (2). Install the cover and close the cam locks.

Equipment:

Please note:

Blocking the disconnector causes the disconnector to be mechanically and electrically locked.

4. 5.

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Procedure 2.2.

Manual operation of the disconnector (level 1)


6

a 1

Disconnector driving mechanism

Disconnector driving mechanism

Location: When:

- disconnector - driving mechanism - maintenance purposes - when there is no supply voltage - wpresent - crank (nr. 7616120)

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug from the disconnector driving mechanism box. Open the cam locks on the cover of the disconnector driving mechanism. Remove the cover to get access to the disconnector driving mechanism. Put the crank (6) over the end of the driving shaft (3). Release the driving shaft with the release handle (4).

6. 7. 8. 9.

Turn the crank until the disconnector reaches its stop block. Check the position of the disconnector on the position indicator (5). Remove the crank. Install the cover and close the cam locks.

2. 3.

Equipment:

Please note:

Manual operation of the disconnector bypasses the electrical (inter) locking system.

4. 5.

10. Connect the multi-pole plug to the disconnector driving mechanism box and switch on the supply voltage.

To open the disconnector: Turn clockwise To close the disconnector: Turn counterclockwise.

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Procedure 2.3.

Inspecting the disconnector driving mechanism (level 2)


6

Disconnector driving mechanism

Location: When: Equipment:

- driving mechanism box - once every five years - crank (nr. 7616120)

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi- pole plug from the disconnector driving mechanism box. Open the cam locks on the cover of the disconnector driving mechanism. Remove the cover to get access to the disconnector driving mechanism. Put the crank (6) over the end of the driving shaft and manually switch the disconnector several times. Release the driving shaft with the release handle (4).

6.

Check if all moving parts are lubricated. If necessary, lubricate the disconnector driving mechanism [Proc. 2.6]. Do a check of the position of the disconnector on the position indicator. Remove the crank (6). Install the cover and close the cam locks.

2. 3. 4. 5.

7. 8. 9.

10. Connect the multi-pole plug to the disconnector driving mechanism box and switch on the supply voltage.

To open the disconnector: Turn clockwise To close the disconnector: Turn counter clockwise.

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Procedure 2.4.

Inspecting the disconnector motor


(level 2)
1 2

7 4

Disconnector driving mechanism

Location:

- driving mechanism box - collector in motor - brushes in motor - once every ten years - blocking device (nr. 7624117) - padlock - a small mirror

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug from the disconnector driving mechanism box. Open the cam locks on the cover of the disconnector driving mechanism. Remove the cover to get access to the disconnector driving mechanism. If the disconnector is not mechanically blocked, install the blocking device (1) and a padlock (2). Release the driving shaft with the release handle (4). Inspect the motor (7) unit : - Check the brushes for dirt and wear. - Check the collector for dirt and wear. Remove the padlock (2)) and the blocking device (1), if necessary. Install the cover and close the cam locks. Connect the multi-pole plug to the disconnector driving mechanism box and switch on the supply voltage.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Frequency: Equipment:

7. 8.

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Procedure 2.5.

Inspecting the electrical operation of the disconnector (level 1)

Disconnector drive unit

Location: Information: When: Equipment:

- Local Control Panel (LCP) switch - twice every year - blocking of the disconnector [Proc. 2.1] - none

Make sure the bay or busbar you are about to work on is disengaged.

1. 2.

Remove the mechanical blocking device, if installed [Proc. 2.1]. Switch the disconnector using the switch on the Local Control Panel (LCP). Depending on the initial position the disconnector will open (O) or close (I). Switch the disconnector again using the switch on the LCP. The position of the disconnector is displayed on theoperating panel and on the position indicator (5) of the disconnector.

3. Note:

CAUTION

By electrically switching on the LCP, all electrical and mechanical locking systems are included in the relevant station circuit. In contrast with electrical switching, manual switching bypasses the electrical locking system.

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Procedure 2.6.

Lubrication of the disconnector driving mechanism (level 2)

Disconnector driving mechanism

Location: When: Information: Equipment:

- disconnector driving mechanism - after inspection, if necessary - manual operation of disconnector [Proc. 2.2] - lubricant (Molycote BR 2) - brush

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug from the disconnector driving mechanism box. Open the cam locks on the cover of the disconnector driving mechanism. Remove the cover to get access to the disconnector driving mechanism. Manually operate the disconnector [Proc. 2.2], then lubricate all moving parts slightly, using a brush with lubricant. Install the cover and close the cam locks. Connect the multi-pole plug to the disconnector driving mechanism box and switch on the supply voltage.

2. 3. 4.

5. 6.

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Procedure 2.7.

Changing the disconnector motor


(level 3)
1 2

Disconnector driving mechanism

Removal:
Location: When: Information: - disconnector driving mechanism - the motor is not operating - correctly - manual operation of disconnector [Proc. 2.2] - lubrication of disconnector driving mechanism [Proc. 2.6] - inspecting the electrical operation of the disconnector [Proc. 2.5] - motor 220 VDC (partnr. 8000415) - blocking device - (nr. 7624117) - padlock

Installation: 1. 2. Install the motor (7) on the motor support bracket, with the four socket head bolts and the retainer washers. Install the motor (7) on the disconnector drive mechanism, with the two socket head bolts and the retainer washers. Connect the wiring of the motor (7) to the terminal block. Check the connections. Remove the blocking device (1) and the padlock (2). Make sure the moving parts are lubricated. In order to check if the mechanism is running smoothly, manually switch the disconnector a number of times [Proc. 2.2]. Install the cover and close the cam locks. Connect the multi-pole plug to the disconnector driving mechanism box and switch on the supply voltage. Inspect the electrical operation of the disconnector [Proc. 2.5].

Make sure the bay you are about to work on is disengaged.

1.

Switch off the supply voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plug from the disconnector driving mechanism box. Open the cam locks on the cover of the disconnector driving mechanism. Remove the cover to get access to the disconnector driving mechanism. If the disconnector is not mechanically blocked, install the blocking device (1) and a padlock (2). Make note of the installation sequence of the colored wiring. Disconnect the wiring of the motor (7) from the terminal block. Loosen the motor support bracket by removing the two socket head bolts and the retainer washers. Remove the motor (7) from the motor support bracket by removing the four socket head bolts and the retainer washers. Remove the motor (7) from the motor support bracket by removing the four socket head bolts and the retainer washers.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

3. 4. 5. 6.

Equipment:

7. 8. 9.

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8.

9.

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Procedure 3.1.

Removing and returning the cover of the earthing switch


(level 1)

3 4 2 5

Earthing switch

Removal:
Location: When: - busbar - termination compartment - for inspection and maintenance purposes - in order to manually switch the earthing switch - for measurement purposes - none

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Switch off the supply voltage. Disconnect the multi-pole plug (1) from the earthing switch. Remove the padlock (2). Pull the blocking pin (4) out of the earthing switch. Remove the fixed part (5) of the locking system. Remove the five cap nuts (3). Carefully remove the cover from the earthing switch.

Equipment:

Installation: 1. 2. Carefully install the cover on the earthing switch, with the five cap nuts (3). Install the fixed part (5). Push the blocking pin (4) into the earthing switch. Install the padlock (2). Connect the multi-pole plug (1). Switch on the supply voltage.

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Procedure 3.2.

Mechanically blocking the earthing switch (level 1)


4 2 Earthing switch
Location: When: - busbar - termination compartment - the earthing switch can be blocked in the opened and closed position - in operational conditions - maintenance/extending of the installation - testing - blocking pin (nr. 7624917) - padlock

Earthing switch

1. 2.

Push the blocking pin (4) into the earthing switch. Install the padlock (2).

Equipment:

Please note:

Blocking the earthing switch causes the earthing switch to be mechanically and electrically blocked.

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Procedure 3.3.

Manual operation of the earthing switch


(level 1)
8 6 7 Earthing switch driving mechanism
Location: - busbar - termination - earthing switch driving mechanism - removing and returning the cover [Proc. 3.1] - when there is no supply voltage present - crank (nr.3510174)

Information: When: Equipment:

Termination earthing switch: Busbar earthing switch:

Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged.

Opening the earthing switch: 1. Put the crank (6) on the stud. Turn the crank (6) until the driving cam (8) has made a 2/3 rotation. The earthing switch is now in the open position.

Make sure the busbar is disengaged.

Note: The position of the earthing switch is shown on the position indicator (7). 1. Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1]. 2. 3. Remove the crank (6) from the stud of the gearbox. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1].

Please note:

Manual operation of the earthing switch bypasses the electrical locking system.

Closing the earthing switch: 1. 2. Note: The position of the earthing switch is shown on the position indicator (7). Put the crank (6) on the stud of the gearbox. Turn the crank (6) until the earthing switch reaches the closed position.

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Procedure 3.4.

Inspecting the auxiliary contacts


(level 2)

Earthing switch driving mechanism


Location: Information: - earthing switch - earthing switch driving mechanism - removing and returning the cover [Proc. 3.1] - manual operation of the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3] - once every ten years - feeler gauge 0.5 mm (0.02 inch) - multi-meter

Termination earthing switch: Busbar earthing switch:

Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged.

Note: All auxiliary contact (1)s must be inspected in the opened and closed position. 5. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3].

When: Equipment:

Make sure the busbar is disengaged.

1. 2.

Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1]. Inspect the closed auxiliary contact (1)s for so called 'overtravel'. It must be possible to depress a closed auxiliary contact for approximately 0.5 mm (0.02 inch). You can measure this distance by using a feeler gauge. In this position of the earthingswitch you can check if the opened auxiliary contacts can be switched smoothly by using a multi-meter. Switch the earthing switch to the other position [Proc. 3.3]. Inspect the auxiliary contact (1)s again.

3.

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Procedure 3.5. (level 2)

Inspecting the motor

Location:

- earthing switch driving mechanism - brushes of the motor - collector of the motor - removing and returning the cover [Proc. 3.1] - once every ten years - none

Earthing switch driving mechanism

Information: Frequency: Equipment:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3]. Check the brushes of the motor (2) for dirt and wear. Check the collector of the motor (2) for dirt and wear. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3].

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Procedure 3.6.

Inspecting the earthing switch driving mechanism (level 2)

Earthing switch driving mechanism


Location: Information: - earthing switch - earthing switch driving mechanism - removing and returning the cover [Proc. 3.1] - lubrication of the earthing switch [Proc. 3.8] - once every ten years - none

Termination earthing switch: Busbar earthing switch:

Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged.

Frequency: Equipment:

Make sure the busbar is disengaged.

1. 2.

Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3]. Make sure the moving parts of the earthing switch are lubricated. If necessary, lubricate them [Proc. 3.8]. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1].

3.

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Procedure 3.7.

Inspecting the electrical operation of the earthing switch


(level 1)

3 Earthing switch

Location: Frequency: Equipment:

- Local Control Panel (LCP) switch - twice every year - none

Termination earthing switch: Busbar earthing switch:

Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged.

CAUTION By electrically switching on the LCP, all electrical and mechanical locking systems are included in the relevant station circuit. In contrast with electrical switching, manual switching bypasses the electrical locking system.

Make sure the busbar is disengaged.

1. 2. 3. 4. Note:

Remove the blocking pin, if installed [Proc. 3.2]. Switch the earthing switch using the switch on the Local Control Panel (LCP). Depending on the position of the earthing switch, it will open or close. Switch the earthing switch again using the switch on the LCP. The position of the earthing switch is shown on the LCP and on the mechanical position indicator (3) of the earthing switch.

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Procedure 3.8.

Lubrication of the earthing switch driving mechanism


(level 2)

Earthing switch driving mechanism

Location: Information: When:

- earthing switch driving mechanism - removing and returning the cover [Proc. 3.1] - once every five years - if dry moving parts have been detected - lubricant (Molycote BR 2) - brush

Termination earthing switch: Busbar earthing switch:

Make sure the bay and the high voltage cablesare disengaged.

Make sure the busbar is disengaged.

Equipment:

1. 2. 3.

Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1]. Lubricate all moving parts slightly, using a brush with lubricant. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1].

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Procedure 3.9.

Changing the earthing switch motor (level 3)


2 4

7.

Remove the three bolts and retainer washers that attach the motor (1) to the gear box (3). Remove the motor (1).

Installation: 1. Remove the gear wheel from the shaft of the motor (1) and install it on the shaft of the new motor (1). Install the new motor (1) on the support frame of the gear box (3), with the three bolts and retainer washers. To change the motor (1) without removing the gear box (3), do not follow the steps 3 and 4. 3. 4. 5. Busbar earthing switch: Make sure the busbar is disengaged. 6. 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1]. Make sure the earthing switch is switched in the closed position [Proc. 3.3]. Disconnect the wiring from the motor (1). Make a note of the installation sequence of the wiring. Remove the pin and the rod assembly (2) from the gear box (3). Keep the pin. To change the motor (1) without removing the gear box (3), do not follow the steps 6 to 8 inclusive. 5. 6. Remove the four bolts and washers which attach the gear box (3) to the bracket (4). Remove the gear box (3) together with the motor (1). 8. Install the gear box (3) to the bracket (4), with the four bolts and washers. Connect the rod assembly (2) to the gear box (3), with the pin. Connect the wiring to the motor (1). Manually switch the earthing switch to the open position [Proc. 3.3]. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1]. Inspect the electrical operation of the earthing switch [Proc. 3.7].

2.

Location: When: Information:

- earthing switch - earthing switch driving mechanism - when the motor is not functioning properly - removing and returning the cover [Proc. 3.1] - manual operation of the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3] - inspecting the electrical operation of the earthing switch [Proc. 3.7] - motor 220 VDC (partnr. 7153551)

Earthing switch driving mechanism

Note:

Removal: Termination earthing switch: Make sure the bay and the high voltage cablesare disengaged.

Equipment:

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Note:

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Procedure 3.10.

Removing and returning the earthing switch (level 4)

Location: When: Information:

- busbar - termination compartment - for inspection and maintenance purposes - removing and replenishing SF6 - gas/ gas conditioning [Proc. 7.8] - O-rings [Proc. 7.6] - SF6 gas leakage check [Proc. 7.3] - O-ring (partnr. 7699024) - eye bolt - torque wrench 39 Nm (4.4 lbf.in)

Removal: Termination earthing switch: Busbar earthing switch: Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged.

Installation: 1. 2. Install the new O-ring on the mounting flange of the busbar-/termination compartment [Proc. 7.6]. Put the earthing switch in position. Make sure the earthing switch is in the open position. Install the 22 nuts. Do not tighten them. Adjust the torque wrench to 39 Nm (4.4 lbf.in), then tighten the 22 nuts crosswise. Remove the hoist and the eye bolt from the earthing switch. Fill the compartment, with SF6-gas [Proc. 7.8]. Do the SF6-gas leakage check [Proc. 7.3]. If removed during the removal, connect the earthing bar. Install the cover on the earthing switch [Proc. 3.3].

Equipment:

Make sure the busbar is disengaged.

3. 4.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Remove the cover from the earthing switch [Proc. 3.1]. Remove the SF6-gas from the relevant compartment [Proc. 7.8]. Attach the earthing switch to a hoist using an eyebolt. If installed, remove the earthing bar from the earthing switch. Remove the 22 nuts, then remove the earthing switch. Remove the O-ring which is between the earthing switch and the busbar-/termination compartment. Cut the O-ring to make it unserviceable.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

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5. 6.

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Procedure 4.1.

Using test probes at the termination compartment (level 3)


placing and removing test probes: - HV DC probes - Current probes
Location: When: - termination compartment - termination measuring wads - measuring of contact resistance in main circuit - detection of cable faults - burn out of cable faults - high voltage DC testing of cables - measuring current transformers - blocking of disconnector [Proc. 2.1] - manual operation of earthing switch [Proc. 3.3] - SF6 gas leakcheck [Proc. 7.3] - measuring of SF6 gas quality [Proc. 7.4][Proc. 7.5] - installation of O-rings [Proc. 7.6] - HV DC probe (partnr. 7602869) - current probe (partnr. 7624418) - test probe bushing mechanism (partnr. 7624530) - spanner set (partnr. 7613576 and 8000253) - O-rings (partnr. 7002319)

L-SEP rear view, termination compartment

Installation Note: The installation procedures for the HV DC test probes and the current test probes are the same. HV DC cable testing must be done with a good gas quality at nominal density in the compartment. It is recommended to do a test of the gas quality in the termination compartment [Proc. 7.4][Proc. 7.5]. During the execution of this procedure it is possible that a small amount of SF6-gas will be lost. This may occur at the moment of insertion/pull out as well as during the time the test probes are placed in position. The sealing of the probes, is for the convenience of operation, less perfect than the sealing of the protective cap. Please, take into account that: the time span between removal of the protective cap and insertion of the probe remain as short as possible; the probes are not inserted longer than necessary; the time span between removal of the probe and replacing of the protective cap remains as short as possible reference.

Information:

In the unlikely event the measured gas density after executing the procedure is below the alarm level (see survey of operating conditions) gas must be replenished [Proc. 7.7]. Elin advises to measure the gas density [Proc. 7.1] before and after executing this procedure. The gas density at the end of this procedure should be noted as the new point of.............. (continues on next page) >>

Materials:

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Procedure 4.1. (continued)

Using test probes at the termination compartment (level 3)


placing and removing test probes: - HV DC probes - Current probes
3 5

1 2 4

>>

6.

If necessary, loosen the hexagon screw, size 3 (2) so that it can not block thetest probe (1) during installation. Damage to the bush (3) can occur. Install the test probe (1) into the thread inside the measuring fitting (4) , and tighten it. For the current test probe, you can use an open spanner wrench. Turn the hexagon screw, size 3 (2) into the test probe (1) to lock it. Make sure the hexagon screw, size 3 (2) is free from the bush (3). Damage to the bush can occur.

Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged.

1. 2.

Block the disconnector in the opened position [Proc. 2.1]. Make sure the earthing switch is in the closed position [Proc. 3.3].

7.

8. 9.

For the HV DC cable testing procedure, the next steps must be done for the three phases. 3. 4. Remove the padloch from the cover. remove the cover Remove the protective cap from the measuring fitting: - Use the spanner set to loosen the copperring by turning the protective cap counterclockwise. - Turn the copperring clockwise untill it is completely free from the protective cap. - Remove the protective cap by turning it counterclockwise. - Remove the copperring. Make sure the test probe (1) is free from dust and undamaged.

10. Remove the hexagon screw, size 4 (5) which is opposite to the hexagon screw, size 3 (2). Keep the screw 11. Use a pocket-torch to inspect through the inspection ports (12) located near the measuring fittings whether the test probe is installed correctly and the voltage transformer is disconnected. (continues on next page) >>

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5.

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Procedure 4.1. (continued)

Using test probes at the termination compartment (level 3)


7

10 8 1 13

placing and removing test probes: - HV DC probes - Current probes

6 8 9 6 9 1

>> 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Install the base plate (6) on the thread of the measuring fitting (4). Turn the ring (7), so that you can remove the pin (8). Keep the pin (8). Hold the hold plate (9) in position on the test probe (1). Put the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) through the hold plate (9) and in position on the base plate (6). Install the pin (8) to connect the base plate (6) to the test-probe bushing mechanism (10), then turn the ring (7) to lock the pin (8). Turn the handle of the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) to push the test probe (1) to the compartment. When the hole in the hold plate (9) is aligned with the hole in the base plate (6), secure the hold plate (9) with the pin (8) to hold the testprobe in its position.

8.

Turn the ring (7) and remove the pin (8), to disconnect the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) from the base plate (6) with the spare nut (13). Install the pin (8) in the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) and lock it with the ring (7).

9.

10. Now the test probe (1) is ready for the test procedure. When using HV DC test probe, the maximum DC Voltage is 300kV. When using a current probe, take account of the following time limits:

6.

7.

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(continues on next page) >>

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Procedure 4.1. (continued)

Using test probes at the termination compartment (level 3)


7

10 8 1 13

placing and removing test probes: - HV DC probes - Current probes

6 8 9 6 9 1

Removal Note: The removal procedures for the HV DC test probes and the current test probes are the same. Make sure the bay and the high voltage cables are disengaged. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Block the disconnector in the opened position [Proc. 2.1]. Make sure the earthing switch is in the closed position [Proc. 3.3]. Turn the ring (7), so that you can remove the pin (8). Keep the pin (8). Put the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) in position on the base plate (6). Install the pin (8) to connect the base plate (6) to the test-probe bushing mechanism (10), then turn the ring (7) to lock the pin (8).

6.

Turn the handle of the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) until the square nut (14) is in position on the pushbracket (15). Remove the pin (8) from the hold plate (9) If the voltage transformer must be disconnected from the primary conductors, then do not follow the steps 9 and 11.

7. Note:

8.

Carefully turn the handle to push the test probe (1) further into the compartment to unlock the voltage transformer isolating device. Turn the handle (16) to remove the test probe (1) from the compartment. Make sure the test probe (1) pushes against the hold plate (9), while turning the handle. (continues on next page) >>

9.

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Procedure 4.1. (continued)

Using test probes at the termination compartment (level 3)


7

10

13 1

placing and removing test probes: - HV DC probes - Current probes

4 8 9 6

1.

Use a pocket-torch to inspect through the inspection ports (12) located near the measuring fittings whether the voltage transformer isolating device is connected to the voltage transformer. If not, follow steps 9 and 10 again. Turn the ring (7) and remove the pin (8) to disconnect the test-probe bushing mechanism (10) from the base plate (6). Remove the base plate (6) from the measuring fitting (4). Install the hexagon screw, size 4 (5) into the measuring fitting (4). Make sure you install the hexagon screw, size 4 (5) opposite to the hexagon screw, size 3 (2). Loosen the hexagon screw, size 3 (2). Make sure the hexagon screw, size 3 (2) does not block the test probe (1). Damage to bush (3) can occur. Remove the test probe (1) from the measuring fitting (4). For the current test probe, you can use an open spanner wrench. Put the copper ring with a the O-ring [Proc. 7.6] on the measuring fitting (4).

8.

Use the spanner set, to install the protective cap on the measuring fitting (4): - Install the protective cap on the measuring fitting (4). - Tighten the copper ring on the protective cap. Inspect the measuring fitting (4)s for SF6 gas leakage [Proc. 7.3].

2.

9.

10. Replace the cover and place the padlock

3. 4.

5.

6.

2 3 5 4

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Procedure 5.1.

Assembling/ disassembling multi-pole plugs (level 3)


Location: When: Equipment: - able connections of the secundary circuit - when contact points are probably damaged - Assembling contact points: Assembling wires to the contact points is done by using tongs type: Harting: HAN 0.14/2.5 mm2 0999 0000110 - Disassembling contact points: Disassembling the contact points from the multi-pole plug is done by using the depressing tool type: Harting HAN D/R15

Multi pole plug (female)

The cable connections of the secundary circuit are equiped with multi-pole plugs made by Harting. The multi-pole plugs have guiding pins and bushes mounted on the corners. These guarantee correct positioning. By using a different arrangement of guiding pins and bushes for each multi-pole plug, incorrect installation is prevented. When the multi-pole plug is installed, it is secured by two clamps.

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Inspection and maintenance procedures Multi-pole plugs Operational

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Procedure 6.1.

Disengaging a bay for maintenance and extension purposes


(level 1)

Location: When:

- remote operation - Local Control Panel - for maintenance purposes - when the system is being extended

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Open the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.2]. Open the disconnectors of the circuit-breaker compartment [Proc. 2.2] or [Proc. 1.2]. If necessary, switch off the hydraulic pump motor supply voltage. If present, disengage the high voltage cables on the cable termination compartment-side of the system. Close the termination earthing switches. If necessary, lock all components and/or remove all multi-pole plugs. If necessary, decrease the oil pressure by opening the hydraulic drive units bypass tap [Proc. 1.15].

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Procedure 6.2.

Disengaging a bay in operational situations


(level 1)

Location: When:

- remote operation - Local Control Panel - operational situations

1. 2. 3. 4.

Open the circuit-breaker [Proc. 1.2]. Open the disconnectors of the circuit-breaker compartment [Proc. 2.2] or [Proc. 2.5]. If present, disengage the high voltage cables on the termination compartment-side of the system. Close the termination earthing switches.

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Procedure 7.1.

Establishing gasdensity P-T (level 2)

insulating gas max. density filling density min. density max. amb. temp. 28.2kg/m3 26.5kg/m3 23 kg/m3 40 C 60 C -5 C

extinguishing gas 64 kg/m3 58 kg/m3 46 kg/m3 40 C 60 C -5 C

Location: Materials:

- for maintenance purposes - SF6-gas density table - P-T diagram - temperature meter - precision manometer (partnr. 7624542)

max. gas temp. min. gas temp

SF6-gas density table (20C)

P-T diagram insulation gas

First check the specified effective range of the SF6-gas density in the SF6-gas density table. To find out the P-T density you must: 1. 2. 3. Connect the precision manometer to the relevant compartment. Observe the indicated pressure on the precision manometer. Measure the temperature of the compartment by placing a thermometer on the highest self closing coupling of that compartment. Find the gas density using the P-T diagram.

4. Note:

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The P-T diagram uses values in absolute bar, whereas the manometer on the replenishment equipment records values in barg (bar overpressure). This means that 1 bar should be added to the measured pressure before using the P-T diagram

P-T diagram extinguishing gas

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Procedure 7.2.

Replenishment equipment
Location: Materials: - before replenishing SF6 gas - new SF6 gas

1 2 3

4 Replenishment equipment

Before the SF6 -gas of a compartment can be replenished, the replenishment equipment must be prepared for use. 1. 2. Make sure that the equipment has a sufficiently filled bottle of gas. This can be done by closing the reducing valve (3) of the replenisment equipment. Turn the valve anti-clockwise then open the gas bottle tap. Record the indicated value on the high pressure manometer (2) (A full bottle of gas will show a value of approximately 20 bar). If the high pressure manometer indicates less than 20 bar, the gas bottle is not sufficiently filled and will have to be replaced before you can continue. To do this: -close the gas bottle -detach the high pressure pipe from the bottle using an open spanner wrench. -place a protection cap over the gas bottle tap -release the safety chain of the replenishment equipment -remove the gas bottle -replace the empty gas bottle with a full one and fasten the safety chain -remove the protective cap from the new gas bottle

-attach the high pressure pipe. Use the open spanner wrench to carefully tighten the coupling. The pipes of the replenishment equipment must now be ventilated. 4. Open the gas bottle. The pressure is indicated on the high pressure manometer (2). A full gas bottle will yield apressure of approximately 20 bar. Now open the reducing valve (3) until the low pressure manometer (1) indicates a pressure of 3 bar. In order to ventilate all the pipes, you must press a round bar on the one way valve (4). This is located at the end of the low pressure pipe connection piece.

3.

5. 6.

The replenishment system is now ventilated, filled with gas and ready to use.

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Procedure 7.3.

Searching for leaks using the TIF detector


(level 2)
Location: - complete installation - connections between the compartments filled with SF6 gas - SF6 gas leakage - leak-detector TIF 5750 UC (nr. 7139260)

5 8 9 10 6 7

When: Equipment:

Leak detector

Make sure the bay you are working on is disengaged.

1.

Switch off the supply-voltage and disconnect the multi-pole plugs from the driving mechanisms of the bays to be inspected. Do these steps, to do a check if the detector is serviceable: a. Before you switch on the detector, make sure the sensor-tip sensor-tip (5) is clean. b. Set the Scan-switch (10) to NORM. c. Hold the detector without a movement in an area free of SF6 gas (outdoors), then set the OFF/ Selector-switch (8) to HFC (134a). A 'beep' sound comes on intermittently. d. After six 'beeps', hold the detector adjacent to an opened SF6 gas supply (for example a partially opened bottle filled with SF6 gas). The intermittent 'beep' sound increases and more LED leak indicators (9) come on. Do not push the reset-button (6) on the probe handle (7) at this time.

3.

2.

Hold the detector in front of the installation to be inspected. If the detector measures SF6 gas, the intermittent 'beep' sound increases and more LED leak indicators (9) come on. To find the location of the leak, push the reset-button (6) on the probe handle (7) to adjust the sensitivity of the detector again. The intermittent 'beep' sound decreases and a number of LED leak indicators (9) go off. If the reset-button (6) is pushed in front of a large leak, then the detector can only measure a higher quantity of SF6 gas.

4.

Note:

5.

Move the sensor-tip (5) slowly sideways (5 cm/second or 2 inches/second) and slowly towards the surface, at a distance of no more than 5mm (2 inches). Push the reset-button (6) as many as necessary to find the leak. The SF6 gas collects at low points in the area where the installation is installed, because this gas is about five times heavier than air.

Note:

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The detector also operates when it measures solvents or alcohol. Make sure these are not present when the sensitivity of the detector is adjusted.

6. 7.

If necessary, do the complete procedure again to make sure the location of the leak has been found. If a leak has been found, then contact the Service Department of Elin Holec High Voltage BV.

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Procedure 7.4.

Measuring of the SF6gas quality; Step 1: Measuring the air percentage (level 3)
- The measuring of the SF6 quality consists of two steps: 1 measuring the air percentage 2 measuring the dew point Location: When: - self closing coupling compartment - once every ten years - before opening a compartment - after a compartment has been replenished - quality requirements of the insulating gas - oxygen meter Teledyne (partnr. 7620695)

11

12 14

13

11

14

Oxygen meter

Oxygen meter

1.

Information: Equipment:

Check the battery voltage of the oxygen meter before using it. Use the meter range (11) to check the battery level of the oxygen meter. The battery limit is indicated on the scale (12). Turn the meter range (11) to the battery test position and hold it there. The pointer will indicate the current battery voltage. If the battery voltage is below the battery limit, recharge the batteries before proceeding.

6.

In order to calibrate the oxygen meter, you must use the calibration button (14). Move the calibration button from the "lock" position and calibrate the meter by turning it.

2.

7. 8.

Turn the calibration button until the needle reaches the red line indicated on the scale. Return the calibration button to the "lock" position and turn the meter range switch to the off position. The oxygen meter is now calibrated and ready to use. Attach the oxygen meter probe (13) to the attachment on the feed pipe.

3. 4.

Release the meter range switch. You must now calibrate the oxygen meter to the air of the surroundings. Remove the cover from the probe sensor (13). Ensure that this is done in an environment free of SF6 -gas. Pause a moment to let the sensor adjust to the surroundings. Turn the meter range switch to the "Hl" position.

9.

10. Remove the self closing coupling's protective cap from the compartment which is to be measured. 11. Connect the other accessory with closed tap to the compartment's selfclosing coupling . (continues on next page) >>

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5.

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Procedure 7.4. (continued)

)Maximun admissable pollution of SF6 gas (L-SEP) low high medium


Air new gas 0.05 % used gas 2% Td < Tcomp. -25C * Td < Tcomp. -40C 1.0 ppmw 0.3 ppmw 0.05 % 50 ppmw

Measuring of the SF6-gas quality; Step 1: Measuring the air percentage (level 3)
Equipment: - oxygen meter Teledyne (partnr. 7620695) - quality requirements table -

Water: - insulating gas 15 ppmw (-40C) dewpoint - switching gas 15 ppmw (-40C) dewpoint Hydrolysable hydrofluo- 1.0 ppmw ric acids (such as HF) Degree of acidity (HF) CF4 Oil 0.3 ppmw 0.05 % 10 ppmw

Scale of the oxygen meter

*Td = Dewpoint temperature Tcomp = The temperature measured at the highest self closing valve

Quality requirements table

>> 12. You must now partially open the accessory tap so that the SF6 -gas slowly flows through the probe. 13. Use the meter range switch. Set the meter range switch to the Hl, MED or LOW positions. Choose the position wich provides the scale allowing you to take the best reading of the oxygen percentage. 14. Close the accessorys tap as soon as you have taken the reading of the oxygen percentage. 15. Detach the feed pipe and accessory from the compartment. 16. Switch the oxygen meter off using the meter range switch. 17. Remove the feed pipe from the oxygen meter and replace the probe's sensor cover.

Note: In order to compare the observed value with the indicated values in the quality requirements table, you must first convert the oxygen percentage to air percentage. This is done by multiplying the observed oxygen value by five.

O2-percentage x 5 = air percentage


Use the quality requirements table to check if the observed value meets the requirements of less than two percent. If a surplus of air is detected in the SF6 -gas, the gas no longer conforms to the quality requirements. This means that the gas must be removed from the compartment and, if desired, regenerated by the service unit. If the observed value of air percentage meets the requirements, you can proceed to the second step. This second step is the measuring of the dew point. (continues on next page) >>

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18. Turn the meter range switch to "off".

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Procedure 7.5.

Measuring of the SF6gas quality; Step 2: Measuring the dew point (level 3)
- The measuring of the SF6 quality consists of two steps: 1 measuring the air percentage 2 measuring the dew point Location: When: - self closing coupling compartment - once every ten years - before opening a compartment - after a compartment has been replenished - quality requirements of the insulating gas - dewpointmeter SHAW, (partnumber 7603153, setnumber 7603115) with accessory

15 16 20 17 18 19 21

Note: In this manual only brief operating instructions on how to use the SHAW dewpoint meter are given. Please refer to the suppliers instruction manual for more information when required. Check the batteries: 1. 2. 3. Select the battery check position using the function selector switch & knob (18). The reading should be in the green sector, or to the right of it. If the reading is to the left of the green sector (drier), then the batteries should be replaced.

3.

Information: Equipment:

Raise the head of the instrument (15) by hand and pump it up and down a few times, ending in the raised position. After about 1 minute (not critical, but not more than a few minutes) check the instrument reading. It should be at the Automatic Calibration line. It is not critical within 1 or 2 degrees. If the reading requires adjustment locate the calibration potentiometer (17) on the front panel of the instrument. Using the small screwdriver provided, turn the control: - clockwise to increase the reading (wetter) - anticlockwise to decrease the reading.

4.

5.

6. Check the instruments calibration:

Close the instrument head.

L-SEP
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Inspection and maintenance procedures Gassystem General

The instrument should be calibrated if it has not been used for a few weeks. 1. 2. If the instrument is a dual range model, select the standard (less sensitive) range. Ensure that no gas sample is connected to the instrument head connections.

(continues on next page) >>

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Procedure 7.5. (continued)

Measuring of the SF6gas quality; Step 2: Measuring the dew point (level 3)

Test procedure 1. Connect the PTFE sample pipe supplied with the instrument between the compartment and the inlet connection (20), using the accessory. Ensure that the sample valve on the accessory is closed when connecting the pipe to the compartment. Once the pipe is attached, partially open the tap. Adjust the sample valve to give a gentle flow through the instrument. Allow the sample to flow for 2 or 3 minutes in order to purge the sample pipe. Place a finger over the outlet connection of the instrument head (15), and the sample pressure will cause the head to open. The instrument reading will move up the scale (wetter), and then stabilize. When there is no further change in reading, note the final result.

Note: continued if in doubt about the suitability of the sample flow rate, or the materials of the sample pipe being used, increase the sample flow rate after the final reading has been obtained. If the instrument moves to a drier reading, this indicates that the original flow rate was too low, or that there is a leak in the system allowing ambient moisture into the sample, or that the sample pipe itself is still wet. 6. 7. 8. Close the tap on the accessory. Detach the sample pipe from the compartment. You can now use the quality requirements table (see preceding page) to check if the observed dewpoint temperature meets the specifications. If the gas no longer conforms to the quality requirements it must be removed from the compartment and, if desired, regenerated by the service unit [Proc. 7.7]. After the test is complete, and if continuous reading is not needed, close the instrument head ready for the next test. If the observed dewpoint temperature meets the requirements, you may replace the self closing couplings protective cap.

2.

3. 4.

5.

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9.

Note: if the reading moves up the scale (wetter) and then moves down the scale (drier) then either the sample pipe was not purged enough before the head was raised, or the sample is becoming drier during the test.

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Procedure 7.6.

O-rings

Storage: O-rings must be stored in dark plastic bags. A label with specifications has to be attached. Installation: To prevent leakages, always use new O-rings during installation. Make sure the O-ring is clean and not damaged. Also check the O-ring groove and the counter part on the compartment to be sealed. If the O-ring is twisted, because of storage, hang it out for a while. Slightly lubricate the O-ring, with Silicone MS4. If necessary, the O-ring can be kept in position by applying slightly thicker Silicone 111 at some places.

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To avoid shifting during sealing, it is recommended to guide the two facing parts to be installed, with pins.

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Procedure 7.7.

Replenishing SF6-gas (level 2)


Location: When: Equipment: - compartments - self closing couplings\ - when a decreasing pressure has been detected (-10% signal) - replenishment equipment

1 2 3

4 Replenishment equipment

Note: Before replenishing the SF6-gas inspect the equipment [Proc. 7.2]. 1. Start by measuring the temperature of the compartment which is to be filled. This is done by placing a thermometer to the highest self closing coupling on the compartment. Use the SF6 -gas density table (next page) to find the nominal gas density for the compartment. The compartment should be replenished to this level. Using the P-T diagram (next page), recorded temperature and required gas density, you can establish the desired compartment pressure. The P-T diagram uses values in absolute bar, whereas the manometer on the replenishment equipment records values in barg (bar overpressure). This means that 1 bar should be added to the measured pressure before using the P-T diagram 4. The desired compartment pressure can be set on the replenishment equipment. This is done by further opening the reducing valve until the low pressure manometer indicates the desired pressure.

2.

3.

Note:

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Procedure 7.7. (continued)

Replenishing SF6-gas (level 2)


max. density
Location: When: Equipment: - compartments - self closing couplings\ - when a decreasing pressure has been detected (-10% signal) - replenishment equipment

insulating gas 28.2kg/m3 26.5kg/m3 23 kg/m3 40 C 60 C -5 C filling density min. density max. amb. temp. max. gas temp. min. gas temp

extinguishing gas 64 kg/m3 58 kg/m3 46 kg/m3 40 C 60 C -5 C P-T diagram insulation gas

SF6-gas density table (20C)

5.

Remove the self closing couplings protective cap.Connect the replenishment equipment to the compartment. The compartment will now be replenished to the set pressure, this can be monitored on thelow pressure manometer (1). The needle will drop sharply and then rise to the set value. The compartment is now fully replenished. Once the compartment has been replenished, the equipment can be detached from the self closing coupling. Replace the protective cover on the self closing coupling. Repeat this procedure in case multiple compartments require replenishment. To conclude the procedure close the gas bottle and reducing valve.

6.

7. 8.

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Remove the remains of the gas from the pipes by depresslng the one way valve (4) located on the low pressure pipe.
P-T diagram extinguishing gas

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Procedure 7.8.

Removing and replenishing SF6-gas, Gas conditioning


Location: When: - compartments - self closing couplings\ - gas does not meet the quality requirements - maintenance - Measuring the SF6-gas quality [[Proc. 7.4]/[Proc. 7.5] - Establishing gasdensity P-T [Proc. 7.1] - Replenishment equipment [Proc. 7.2] - dewpointmeter Shaw (partnr. 7603153) - oxygen meter (partnr. 7620695) - service unit (partnr. 8000043) - new gas, when the gas does not meet the quality requirements - empty gas bottles for storage of SF6gas. - vacuum pump

Information:

Removing SF6-gas: Note: If the presence of decomposition products is suspected in the gas, always contact the Elin Holec High Voltage service department for removal of the gas. 1. 2. Measure the quality of the gas in the compartment [Proc. 7.4]/[Proc. 7.5]. If the observed values meet the quality requirements, the gas can be stored in gas bottles for later usage. If the observed values do not meet the quality requirements, the gas can be regenerated using the service unit, or the gas must be returned to the manufacturer. Remove the gas from the compartment using the service unit. Evacuate the compartment using the vacuum pump. Introduce dry air until atmospheric pressure is reached. The compartment may now be opened.

Replenishing of SF6-gas: 1. 2. 3. Evacuate the air by using the vacuum pump. Let the pump run for 6 hours at app. 5 mbar vacuum pressure. Fill the compartment with new SF6-gas to a required density [Proc. 7.1] by using the service unit [service unit manual] or the replenishment equipment [Proc. 7.2]. After filling, measure the gas quality[Proc. 7.4]/[Proc. 7.5]. After 48 hours the quality should be measured again.

Equipment:

4. 5.

3. 4. 5.

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Procedure 7.9.

Changing a bursting disk


Location: When: Information: - several locations on the installation - when a leakage has been detected - searching for leaks [Proc. 7.3] - removing and replenishing SF6- gas [Proc. 7.8]] - O-rings [Proc. 7.8] - torque wrench 60 Nm (6.8 lbf.in) - bursting disk 3, 20.7 bar (partnr. 7624735) and O-ring (partnr. 7721919) - bursting disk 6, 100 PSIG (partnr. 7601008) gaskets included

1 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Bursting disk holder

Materials:

Depending on the compartment to be opened, make sure the bay and/or cables are disengaged.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Remove SF6-gas from the compartment to be opened [Proc. 7.8]. Give support to the cover plate (3), then remove the six cap nuts (1) and the retainer-washers (2). Remove the cover plate (3), the perforated screen (4) and the flange (5) from the studs. Give support to the disc-holder (8), then remove the bolts (6) with the retainer washers (7). Remove the disc-holder (8), the packing (10), the bursting disc (11) and the rubber packing (12). Remove the packing (10) and the rubber packing (12) and cut them to make them unserviceable. Clean the flange (9) of the compartment and the discholder (8). Make sure the parts to be installed are clean and not damaged. Install the new rubber packing (12) on the flange (9) [Proc. 7.6].

10. Put the bursting -disc (11) in position on the rubber packing (12). Make sure the arrow on the side of the bursting -disc (11) points in the direction of the disc-holder (8). 11. Put the new packing (10) in position on thebursting disc (11). 12. Put the disc-holder (8) in position on the packing (10). 13. Install the bolts (6) with the retainer washers (7). Do not tighten the bolts (6). 14. Adjust the torque wrench to 60 Nm (6.8 lbf.in), then tighten the bolts (6) crosswise to prevent damage to the bursting -disc (11). 15. Put the flange (5), the perforated screen (4) and the cover plate (3) on the studs. 16. Install the six cap nuts (1) with the retainer-washers (2). 17. Fill the compartment, with SF6-gas [Proc. 7.7]. 18. Do the SF6-gas leakcheck [Proc. 7.3].

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Tools
Toolboxes: Toolbox disconnector driving mechanism Toolbox circuit-breaker interruptor Toolbox hydraulic driving mechanism circuit-breaker Toolbox earthing switch Toolbox test probe bushing mechanism Operating equipment box Setnumbers: 7604009 7604010 7604011 7604012 7604013 7604014

Toolbox disconnector driving mechanism 1 3 2 4

Toolbox circuit-breaker interruptor 1 2 3 4 5 6

Toolbox hydraulic driving mechanism circuit-breaker 1 3 4 7 5 2

1 2 3 4

Case Pullygear Crank disconnector Drive punches, 8 sides, pin 6 round 8 sides, pin 8 round

8001089 1 3511703 2 7616120 3 3511706 4 3511707 5 6 7

Case Tool for removing the bolts from the interruptor element Hoisting rope Beltspanner Boxspanner Clamping pieces Hookspanner

8001090 1 2 7604053 7369044 3 3510029 3510219 4 7624545 7361748 5

Case Hexagon socket head screw key (SL.W22) Hexagon socket head screw key (SL.W19) Hexagon socket head screw key (SL.W17) Guiding pins for circuit-breaker

8001091 3511709 3511708 8000679 7624063

Toolbox earthing switch 1

Toolbox test probe bushing mechanism 3 2 4 5

Operating equipment box 1 2

2 6 1

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1 2

Case Crank for earthing switch

8001091 1 3510174 2 3 4 5 6

Case Current test rods Base plates Push brackets Test probe bushing mechanism Spanners for bushing mechanism

8001093 8001092 1 Case 7624418 2 Handle for hand pump hydraulic drive unit 7002603 7624531 7624533 3 Blocking device disconnector, 25 pieces 7624117 7624530 Note: Quantity equals the total of busbar and 7613576 termination disconnections of the switch8000253 gear.

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Communication with ELIN HOLEC Supervising & Commissioning department

ELIN HOLEC HIGH VOLTAGE


Address: Elin Holec High Voltage BV Supervising & Commissioning Department Nijverheidsweg Noord 98 PO box 474 3800 AL Amersfoort The Netherlands

Telefax number:

+31.33.469 6816

Telephone number :

+31.33.469 6832

Emergency service number (24 hours per day):

+31.33.469 6888

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