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APPENDIX 28 ALTERNATIVE CORNER WELD JOINT DETAIL FOR BOX HEADERS FOR AIR-COOLED HEAT EXCHANGERS

28-1 GENERAL 28-2(b) This sample corner weld joint is an addition to the Welding Procedure Specication Qualication and the Welder and Welding Operator Performance Qualication requirements of Section IX. The following essential variables apply for both the procedure and performance qualication, in addition to those of Section IX: 28-2(b)(1) a change in the nominal size of the electrode or electrodes used and listed in the PQR; 28-2(b)(2) a change in the qualied root gap exceeding 116 in. (1.6 mm); 28-2(b)(3) addition or deletion of nonmetallic retainers or nonfusing metal retainers; 28-2(b)(4) a change in the SFA specication ller metal classication or to a weld metal or ller metal composition not covered in the specications; 28-2(b)(5) the addition of other welding positions than those qualied; 28-2(b)(6) for ll passes, a change in amperage exceeding 25 amp, change in voltage exceeding 3 v; 28-2(b)(7) a change in contact tube to work distance exceeding 14 in. (6 mm); 28-2(b)(8) a change from single electrode to multiple electrodes, or vice versa; 28-2(b)(9) a change in the electrode spacing; 28-2(b)(10) a change from manual or semiautomatic to machine or automatic welding or vice versa. 28-2(c) After production welding, the back side of the weld shall be subjected to a visual examination to assure that complete fusion and penetration have been achieved in the root, except where visual examination is locally prevented by an internal member covering the weld. 28-2(d) K, the ratio of through-thickness (Z direction) tensile strength to the specied minimum tensile strength, shall be taken as 0.6. Higher values for K, but not higher than 1.0, may be used if throughthickness tensile strength is determined in accordance
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For box headers for air-cooled heat exchangers using a multipass corner weld joint constructed in accordance with Fig. 28-1, the rules of UW-13(e)(4) and Fig. UW13.2 shall be supplemented as described below.

28-2

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS

This Appendix only replaces the requirement, a + b not less than 2ts of UW-13(e)(4) and the weld joint geometry of Fig. UW-13.2. All other rules in the Code pertaining to welded joints shall apply. In addition, the following shall apply. 28-2(a) A sample corner weld joint shall be prepared to qualify the weld procedure; and a sample corner weld joint shall be prepared to qualify each welder or welding operator. The Manufacturer shall prepare the sample corner weld joint with nominal thickness and conguration matching that to be employed with the following tolerances: 28-2(a)(1) the sample thinner plate shall match the thickness of the production thinner plate within 14 in.; 28-2(a)(2) the sample thicker plate shall be at least 1.5 times the thickness of the sample thinner plate. The sample shall be sectioned, polished, and etched to clearly delineate the line of fusion. Acceptability shall be determined by measurements of the line of fusion for use in the calculations for compliance with Fig. 28-1. The sample shall be free from slag, cracks, and lack of fusion. A sample corner weld shall be prepared for each P-Number, except that a sample prepared to qualify a joint made from material with a given value for K [see 28-2(d)] may be used to qualify a joint made from material having an equal or higher value for K but not vice versa.

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Fig. 28-1

2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 1

= 45 deg min.

Construction line for a2 and Weld preparation Line of fusion

K a2 ts
0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

a2 / ts not less than


0.29 0.23 0.17 0.09 0

Z - Direction

Positive penetration but need not exceed 1/8 in. (3.2 mm)

(a) Details for One Member Beveled

= 45 deg min.

Construction line for a2 and Weld preparation Line of fusion

a2 a (Ref.) ts

Z - Direction

Positive penetration but need not exceed 1/8 in. (3.2 mm)

b (Ref.)
See sketch (a) above for table with values of K and a2 / ts (b) Details for Both Members Beveled

FIG. 28-1

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28-2

APPENDIX 28 MANDATORY

28-2

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with Specication SA-770. The test results, including the UTS in addition to the reduction in area, shall be reported on the Material Test Report, in addition to the information required by Specication SA-20 when the testing in accordance with Specication SA-770 is performed by the material manufacturer. If the testing is performed by the vessel Manufacturer, the test result shall be reported on the Manufacturers Data Report. See UG-93(b) and UG-93(c). 28-2(e) The maximum value of ts (see Fig. 28-1) shall be limited to 3 in. (76 mm). 28-2(f) Both members may be beveled as shown in Fig. 28-1 sketch (b). When the bevel angle () is large enough to satisfy the UW-13(e)(4) requirements, the alternative rules of this Appendix do not apply. When the bevel angle () results in weld fusion dimensions

that do not satisfy the UW-13(e)(4) requirement that a + b is not less than 2ts, the following shall be satised. 28-2(f)(1) The angle () shall be equal to or greater than 15 deg. 28-2(f)(2) The dimension a2 shall be measured from the projected surface of the plate being attached as shown in Fig. 28-1 sketch (b). 28-2(f)(3) The angle () shall be equal to or greater than 15 deg. 28-2(f)(4) All other requirements of this Appendix shall be applied. 28-2(g) When all the requirements of this Division and the supplemental requirements of this Appendix have been met, the following notation shall be entered in the Manufacturers Data Report under Remarks, Constructed in conformance with Appendix 28.

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