42nd Infantry Division (United States

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1

42nd Infantry Division (United States)
42d Infantry Division (Light)

42nd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia Active Country Branch Role Garrison/HQ Nickname Motto Engagements 1917–19; 1943–45; 1947–present USA Army National Guard Infantry Glenmore Armory, Troy, NY Rainbow (special designation) Never Forget! World War I
• • • • []

Champagne 2nd Marne/Ourcq St. Mihiel Meuse-Argonne Central Europe Operation Nordwind Iraq Campaign

World War II
• •

Global War on Terrorism

Commanders
Current commander Notable commanders MG Steven N. Wickstrom
[1]

Maj. Gen. W. A. Mann Maj. Gen. Charles T. Menoher Maj. Gen. Charles D. Rhodes Brig. Gen. Douglas MacArthur Maj. Gen. C. A. F. Flagler Maj. Gen. George W. Read Maj. Gen. Harry J. Collins Maj. Gen. Martin H. Foery Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Taluto

Insignia

Douglas MacArthur. Rhode Island.95 cm) in width. 67 percent of 42ID soldiers are located in New York and New Jersey. including Connecticut. New Jersey. replied "Fine. They also reduced the number of colors to just red. When the United States declared war on Germany in 1917. Rainbow Division soldiers modified the patch to a quarter arc. Description: The 4th quadrant of a rainbow with three bands of color: red. Vermont and Wisconsin. once Chief of Staff of the 42ID.08 cm).[5][6] Original design of 42nd Infantry Division "Rainbow" patch. New Mexico. The division is currently headquartered at the Glenmore Armory in Troy. Multiple explanations for this nickname have been provided. Major MacArthur. is often credited with the name. each 3/8 inch (.42nd Infantry Division (United States) 2 Distinctive unit insignia US infantry divisions (1939–present) Previous Next 41st Infantry Division 43rd Infantry Division The 42d Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow"[]) is a division of the National Guard and United States Army. it came to be known as the "Rainbow Division". standing nearby. gold and blue. Massachusetts. Political concerns soon complicated recruiting. Maryland. Maine. South Carolina. During the latter part of World War I and post war occupation duty in Germany. gold and blue bordered in green. removing half the symbol to memorialize the half of the division's soldiers who became casualties (killed or wounded) during the war."[4] The rainbow unit insignia The 42nd Division adopted a shoulder patch and unit crests acknowledging the nickname. that will stretch over the whole country like a rainbow. and Secretary of War Newton D. Michigan. Baker authorized a division to be organized with the best regiments from 26 different states. all within a 1/8 inch (. The patch was later modified to a quarter arc. The division presently includes Army National Guard units from fourteen different states. . it needed to federalize the state National Guard units to quickly build up an Army. showing half arc. New Hampshire. in order to standardize the design and make the patch easier to reproduce. Mississippi.[3] The Rainbow Division Over the history of the 42ID. outer radius 2 inches (5. As of 2007[2]. New York with the New York National Guard. New York. The original version of the patch symbolized a half arc rainbow and contained thin bands in multiple colors. SHOULDER SLEEVE INSIGNIA.32 cm) Army green border. The 42d Infantry Division has served in World War I. World War II and the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT).

Note half arc rainbow in design. and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. World War II • • • • • • • • • Activated: 14 July 1943 Overseas: November 1944.949. Charles D.625). Gen.128. Maj. Gen. DSC-4 . F. Brig. On 8 September 1947 it was authorized for the post-World War II 42nd Infantry Division when it was reactivated as a National Guard unit. SM-32.42nd Infantry Division (United States) 3 Background: The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally authorized by telegram on 29 Oct 1918. drawing men from 26 states and the District of Columbia. Collins commanded the 42ID during its entire period of federal service in World War II. Prisoners of war taken: 59. Another version of the original design of 42nd Infantry Division "Rainbow" patch. SS-622.325 . • Casualties: Total 14. Menoher (19 December 1917). Campaigns: Rhineland. showing half arc. commanded by various French generals including Henri Gouraud. Central Europe. Harry J.683 (KIA – 2. Gen. A. Gen. C. Gen. Presidential Unit Citation: 1. the division was placed under French control for a time. The 42nd Division was inactivated after World War I. • Deactivated: 29 June 1946 in Europe. In total. • Commanders: Maj. Douglas MacArthur (10 November 1918). the Aisne-Marne. BSM-5. Total casualties: 5. It was officially authorized for wear on 27 May 1922. LM-9. Commanders: Maj. Gen. George Windle Read (10 April 1919 to division's deactivation on 9 May 1919). It was reauthorized for wear when the division was reactivated for World War II. Mann (5 September 1917). Brig. it saw 264 days of combat. W. . It went overseas in November 1917. The division took part in four major Operations: the Champagne-Marne.058. WW I colors unfurled for first time in France. (7 November 1918). World War I The division was activated in August 1917. Maj. DSM-1 . Gen. Awards: MH-1 . A. Charles T. . While in France. Flagler (22 November 1918). It was composed of the 83rd Infantry Brigade (165th and 166th Infantry Regiments) and the 84th Infantry Brigade (167th and 168th Infantry Regiments). Maj. Days of combat: 106. AM-104. the Battle of Saint-Mihiel. WIA – 12. Rhodes.

[7] Following training at Camp Gruber. as it cut across the Austrian border located north of Salzburg. near Nürnberg. north and south of Strasbourg. TF Linden was task organized to VI Corps under 7th Army. 18–19 April 1945. Gen. 25 March 1945: XXI Corps. 15 December 1944: Third Army. OK and the journey to Europe. Harry J. 19 April 1945: XV Corps. the 42ID captured Wertheim am Main. The 42ID campaign ended passing through Munich. The 42ID attacked through the Hardt Forest. 9–12 April 1945. none of its earlier elements had reformed in the interwar period. TF Linden entered combat in the vicinity of Strasbourg. TF Linden repulsed a number of enemy counterattacks.[] . and on 29 April 1945. in the Bois D’Ohlungen. put up fanatical resistance. To emphasize the 42ID lineage from the 42ID of World War I. Assignments in the ETO • • • • • 10 December 1944: Seventh Army. while the 3rd Army created and expanded bridgeheads across the Rhine. TF Linden returned to reserve of the 7th Army and trained with the remainder of the 42ID which had arrived in the meantime. Defending a 31-mile sector along the Rhine. Plaque at Dachau concentration camp commemorating the liberation of the camp by the Rainbow Division. broke through the Siegfried Line. the 42ID captured Donauwörth on the Danube. Schweinfurt fell next after hand-to-hand engagements. the three infantry regiments (222nd. under Henning Linden. 12th Army Group. After a month of extensive patrolling and active defense. a Nazi concentration camp along with the 45th Infantry Division.42nd Infantry Division (United States) 4 Combat chronicle When formed and activated for World War II. after a fierce battle. The 42nd Division ended World War II on occupation duty in Austria and was inactivated by the end of January 1947. 24 December 1944: VI Corps. Seventh Army. Moving across the Rhine. the 42ID went on the offensive. Except for the division headquarters. at Hatten and other locations. relieving elements of the 36ID on 24 December 1944. 232nd. 30 April 1945. and were formed into Task Force (TF) Linden. For this action the 222nd Infantry Regiment was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation (2001). but was taken.000 inmates at Dachau. 8–9 December 1944. & 242nd) and a detachment of the 42ID Headquarters arrived in France at Marseille. liberated some 30. Maj. so the Army Ground Forces filled its new units with personnel from every state. and the vicinity of Schweighouse-sur-Moder and Neubourg. Collins activated the unit on 14 July. the eve of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Champagne-Marne campaign in France. the 42ID as a whole entered combat. 1 April 1945. the 42ID was a unique unit. On 14 February 1945. as it was a reconstitution of the Rainbow Division from World War I. 2–6 April 1945. cleared Dahn and Busenberg. Fürth. by the 42ID. and Würzburg. 15–21 March 1945. the Assistant Division Commander (ADC). 6th Army Group. taking up defensive positions near Haguenau in the Hardt Forest. 31 March 1945. the 222nd Infantry Regiment repulsed repeated attacks by the German 7th Parachute and 47th VG Divisions. and mopped up in that general area. On 25 April. On 24 and 25 January 1945. After these enemy attacks. 6th Army Group.

[citation needed] War on terrorism Since the 11 September attacks. In April 1963. The 2–102nd Armor Battalion deployed as ILO MP's and served with the Joint Detention Operation Group in the detention facility.[] After the policy statement was published. the bureau authorized reorganization of the units with 100 percent of their officers and 80 percent of their enlisted personnel. and Spc Duffy were killed and the following day the unit lost Sgt Dotz and Sgt Timoteo. as a Guard formation. but was transformed to an infantry brigade combat team (BCT) in the very first years of the 21st century as part of Army Modularity. the division was split between the New York Army National Guard and the Pennsylvania Army National Guard.S. in post-Cold War restructuring. had received federal recognition. Marines in Fallujah. 42ID units from the New Jersey Army National Guard provided security at all the major river crossings into New York City and Newark International Airport in the months following 11 September 2001.42nd Infantry Division (United States) 5 Cold War On 13 October 1945 the War Department published a postwar policy statement for the entire Army.113th Infantry deployed to Guantanamo Bay as well and provided security for the Joint Task Force at Camp Delta. The 42d Infantry Division absorbed the units of the 26th Infantry Division and the 50th Armored Division of the Massachusetts and New Jersey Army National Guard. By September 1947 the 42nd Division headquarters. created from the assets of the disbanding 50th Armored Division. The 2nd Battalion. The 42ID's 1-101st Cavalry led the New York Army National Guard's efforts and provided security at Ground Zero during the rescue and then recovery efforts there. On 4 June 2004 SSgt Carvill. The 50th Brigade. the Army Staff prepared a postwar National Guard troop basis. and eventually attached to the First Cavalry Division. platoons also worked with U. the 42ID has been extensively involved in the war on terrorism. New Jersey's 3/112 Field Artillery and 5/117 Cavalry deployed as an ILO Military Police Company with 89th MP Brigade/759 MP Battalion. including the 42nd Infantry Division. Elements have also deployed to the Horn of Africa and Djibouti. in both homeland security (HLS) and expeditionary operations. While there elements of the 2nd Battalion. Cuba. In the 1970s the division headquarters was located at the armory at 125 West 14th Street in Manhattan. Stationed out of Camp Cuervo (Al Rustimayah) in Baghdad.[8] From 1967 to 1969. As part of Total Army restructuring. the division was briefly part of the Selected Reserve Force. respectively. The first major overseas effort of the 42ID was the deployment of elements of the 50th BCT/42ID to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. New York and remains there to this day. which included twenty-four divisions. was initially assigned to the 42d Infantry Division as an armored brigade. 102nd Armor supported the first military tribunals held at the Guantanamo Bay Detention Facility.[9] In 1973-74. the division was organized under the XVIII Airborne Corps. the 42nd Division was reorganized under the Reorganization Objective Army Division structure. the division was converted back into an all-New York organization. In a 1968 reorganization. and was previously teamed with the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) for training and readiness purposes. so the assets of the three were combined into one. During the process New York successfully petitioned the War Department for the 42nd Infantry Division. After the state governors formally notified the National Guard Bureau that they accepted the new troop allotments. initially organized with state troops in 1917. It was later relocated to the Glenmore Armory in Troy. . along with all the other new Guard divisional headquarters. Most soldiers considered the 42nd. designed to reinforce the active army in Vietnam. served in Sadr City. All three divisions were severely understrength.

Initial personnel from the 27th IBCT deployed in late 2007. 42nd Infantry Division. trained Iraqi army forces. In 2004-05 the 1/69 Infantry served in Iraq. destroyed improvised explosive devices (IEDs). including stateside training and “boots on the ground” in theater. the 50th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IBCT). headquartered in Syracuse. which in turn shifted mobilization schedules and required earlier deployments than anticipated. saluted members of the 42ID at the unit's homecoming ceremony. provinces of Salah Ah Din. New Jersey. Serving as the command and control (C2) of Task Force Liberty. The 42ID directed the operations of: 1st BCT. 56th BCT (Texas Army National Guard).[10] In 2008.133rd Field Artillery. with further OIF specific preparation conducted at other Army installations out-of-state. The 42nd Combat Aviation Brigade also deployed to Iraq during this period. The 50th IBCT premobilization training began in 2007 and took place in New Jersey. Soldiers conducted combat actions and raids. with the majority of the approximately 1. . 3ID. deployed to Iraq bringing the total number of NJ National Guard soldiers sent to Iraq and Afghanistan to over 3. commended the many contributions of the 42ID led “Task Force Liberty. Gen. deployed as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) III. relieving the 1st Infantry Division (1ID). eventually providing security on the Baghdad International Airport (BIAP) Road. Rikki Sanchez. The 50th IBCT was mobilized for one year. The "Rainbow Division" controlled the north-central Iraq area of operations. and Montana Army National Guard). At Tamamim (Kirkuk) and As Sulymaniah from the 1st Infantry Division on 14 February 2005. 3ID. the 50th IBCT deployed earlier as a result of changes needed to comply with new Department of Defense (DoD) policies. Maj. the "Rainbow" Division. 3rd. In 2008 the 27th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IBCT). Earlier in 2007. In 2004 the division headquarters and division troops of the 42nd Infantry Division. New York. Diyala. and worked on reconstruction to ensure free elections. seized weapons caches. Originally slated to deploy to Iraq in 2010. headquartered at Fort Dix. Taluto.700 service members deployed by mid-2008.42nd Infantry Division (United States) 6 The 2/108th Infantry deployed to Iraq in 2004. from the 150th General Services Aviation Battalion. Gen. Elements of the 42ID manned the checkpoint where Italian SISMI officer Nicola Calipari was shot and killed. commanding general of the division during its deployment. Oregon. Elements of the 50th IBCT had deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) previously in 2004. Richard Cody. and the 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team (Idaho. the 42ID took over responsibility for the area known as Multi-National Sgt. the 278th RCT. 3rd BCT.[citation needed] The division's Headquarters and Headquarters Company was awarded the Army Meritorious Unit Commendation for its service in Iraq. Joseph J. mans an M60D machine gun Division North Central (MND-NC) including the during a UH-60 Blackhawk mission in northern Iraq. the DoD had reduced the amount of time units spend overseas in a combat theater.” Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (VCSA). was mobilized and deployed to Afghanistan to train Afghan National Army (ANA) and police forces.200.

108th Infantry Regiment • 1st Battalion.42nd Infantry Division (United States) 7 Homeland security During the Cold War and through the present. 258th Field Artillery Regiment • 427th Brigade Support Battalion • 50th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team (NJ NG) • Special Troops Battalion[14] • 1st Squadron. From there the elements of the 42nd ID sent teams to various parts of the city on various missions of security ranging from roving patrol to security escort for the New Orleans Fire Department and other relief agencies Current structure 42nd Infantry Division exercises training and readiness oversight of the following units. The 2–102nd Armor and the 1–114th Infantry were called to active duty and the combined unit shipped to Louisiana to provide security for FEMA. 114th Infantry Regiment • 3rd Battalion. 113th Infantry Regiment • 1st Battalion. 102nd Cavalry Regiment • 2nd Battalion. Hurricane Floyd). The 42ID has also been actively engaged in missions supporting Operation Noble Eagle. 101st Cavalry Regiment (RSTA) • 1st Battalion. In October 2005 elements of the 42nd ID/50th Brigade were activated for Operation Hurricane Katrina relief in the city of New Orleans. airport security. border security. The 50th Brigade arrived at Belle Chase Naval Air Station and from there went to the New Orleans Convention Center. and led much of the military support to the relief and recovery efforts. The 42ID was part of the relief team for the duration of the effort at Ground Zero in New York City. bridge and tunnel security. 172nd Cavalry Regiment (RSTA) • 1st Battalion. as well as rail/train station security. critical infrastructure protection. emergency preparedness (such as Y2K missions). but they are not organic:[11] • Special Troops Battalion[12] • 27th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team (NY NG) • Special Troops Battalion[13] • 2nd Squadron. First responders to the 11 September 2001 attacks were members of the 42ID. the 42ID and its soldiers have been regularly called upon for homeland security missions including disaster relief (such as Hurricane Katrina. 102nd Infantry Regiment (Mountain) (CT NG) Structure 42nd Infantry Division . 69th Infantry Regiment • 2nd Battalion. 112th Field Artillery Regiment • 250th Brigade Support Battalion • 86th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team (Mountain) (VT NG) • Special Troops Battalion[15] • 1st Squadron.

arc.history.com – 42nd Division in Alsace (http://www. by Rainbow Division Veterans Association. mil/ history/ index.lonesentry. 1917–1919. 19. wikipedia. php?title=42nd_Infantry_Division_(United_States)& action=edit [3] (http:/ / www. References [2] http:/ / en. Cooke. NH NG. 42nd Infantry Division (NY NG) • • • • • • Headquarters and Headquarters Company 3rd Battalion (General Support).state. S&S battalions are placed under a combat aviation brigade for organizational purposes. 1985.S.army. Narrative on p. mil/ pdffiles/ go0913. org/ w/ index. html) [5] Oral history recounted by Paul Jarrett (http:/ / www. 197th Field Artillery Regiment (NH NG) • 369th Sustainment Brigade Note: Security and support (S&S) battalions are used in homeland security (HLS) and drug interdiction roles. http:/ / www. 4. htm). 42id. army. 224th Aviation Regiment (MD NG) 642nd Aviation Support Battalion 8 Attached units • 26th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (MA NG) • 197th Fires Brigade (NHARNG) • 3rd Battalion. photos on pp.ny. • James J. 1950 reproduced at the United States Army Center of Military History. RI NG) • 1st Battalion. 126th Aviation Regiment (MA NG) 1st Battalion (Attack/Recon).org/details/gov.archives. clarkjarrett. com/ PhotoGallery. 101st Field Artillery Regiment (MA NG & VT NG) • 186th Brigade Support Battalion • Combat Aviation Brigade.mil/ html/forcestruc/cbtchron/cbtchron. Incorporated 1994 ISBN 0-275-94768-8 External links • 42nd Division homepage (http://dmna.com – 42nd Division history (http://www. 10. org/ SiteCollectionDocuments/ ILW%20Web-ExclusivePubs/ Torchbearer/ TBearComp1v12. Greenwood Publishing Group.com/usdivisions/history/infantry/ division/42nd_infantry_division. The Rainbow Division in the Great War.us/arng/42div/42id.html) U.42nd Infantry Division (United States) • 3rd Battalion. in documentary film "The Return of Paul Jarrett" [6] Insignia of the 42nd Rainbow Division. 16 December 2009. 142nd Aviation Regiment 1st Battalion (S&S).lonesentry. 2009-13. 172nd Infantry Regiment (Mountain) (VT NG. 151st Aviation Regiment 3rd Battalion (Assault). pdf • The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States (http://www.historynet.historynet. pdf [11] AUSA. http:/ / www. 7. army.archive.php) • www.htm) • www. and 25 [10] See General Order No. 7 November 2005. 2569648) is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] .com/ operation-nordwind-us-armys-42nd-infantry-division-stood-its-ground-during-world-war-ii. ME NG. Torchbearer Special Report. Government Printing Office. World War I 42nd Division veteran.html) • The short film Big Picture: 42nd Rainbow Division (http://www. These units are currently not to be deployed outside the United States. ausa. 5. apd. 13.

Nemo5576. Brian in denver. Rutke421.org/w/index. Wbfergus.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.wikipedia. Oldwildbill. Benfergy. Sfrigger. Tenbbs. Rogerd.0 Unported //creativecommons. Levineps. Noclador. Mjs1991. R'n'B. Wolf File:Dachau-002edit. Nick-D. Desertsky85451. Crowish. Ecomcon. Ocalafla. EagleWSO. Cornellrockey. Revas.jpg  Source: http://en. Chancemichaels. Ohconfucius.php?title=File:UH60doorgunner2005.org/w/index.gif  Source: http://en. Osioni. Martin H. Ed!. DMorpheus. Dodgerblue777. Ebcdic. Licenses and Contributors File:42nd Infantry Division SSI. Kumioko (renamed). Neutrality. Grant65.org/w/index. WereSpielChequers.org/w/index. Nobunaga24.php?title=File:Dachau-002edit. Jrcrin001. VilePig. Reedy. Gaius Cornelius. Qero. 149 anonymous edits Image Sources.org/w/index. Hardnfast. Timmy062. Mariaflores1955.0/ . Radar2102.jpg  Source: http://en. Beretverde. Ktr101. Billmckern. W. Giraffedata.wikipedia. Dcfowler1.talk ▓▒░ Go Big Blue! ░▒▓ 15:22. Wallamaarif. Mets501.wikipedia. Tygrrr.wikipedia. Carom. Lou Crazy. Golbez. Studerby.php?title=File:42nd_ID_original_patch. Endofskull.wikipedia. QueenCake.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3. B. Gulbenk.0  Contributors: User:Billmckern File:42nd ID original patch 2. Puddhe. Searcher 1990. D-Kuru. 13 August 2007 (UTC) File:42 INF DIV DUI. EoGuy. PaulinSaudi. 2 anonymous edits File:42nd US Infantry Division.wikipedia.png  Source: http://en.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Mtsmallwood.php?title=File:42nd_Division_Flag_WW_I. Rayc. DiverDave. GCW50. Roydiehl.php?title=File:42nd_ID_original_patch_2.0  Contributors: Noclador License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Avron. Wilson.org/w/index. Ironsignal. Rheo1905 File:UH60doorgunner2005.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia. Mmounties. MrDolomite. Greazzy. Canute. Varlaam. Presidentman. The Epopt. Snowolf. Kc2hiz. Hawkeye7. RTallman. Buckshot06. KristoferM. The way is was.php?title=File:42nd_US_Infantry_Division. Sadads. HiB2Bornot2B.jpg  Source: http://en.php?title=File:42_INF_DIV_DUI. Trey314159. John of Reading. Jaraalbe. Octane.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Walter B. Coyets. Blue387.wikipedia File:42nd ID original patch.wikipedia. MalteX.wikipedia.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: -. Hmains.jpg  Source: http://en.svg  Source: http://en. CORNELIUSSEON. Gjs238. Mtsmallwood. Shrike6.org/w/index. Jagged. Shirulashem. Srich32977.org/licenses/by-sa/3.Article Sources and Contributors 9 Article Sources and Contributors 42nd Infantry Division (United States)  Source: http://en. RTO Trainer. Huntzman.org/w/index. Mvialt.php?title=File:42nd_Infantry_Division_SSI.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.. Geo Swan. Kevin Rector. Aaronjhill.gif  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Original uploader was Nobunaga24 at en.php?oldid=546703326  Contributors: 42d Miss Inf. GABaker.org/w/index.Steven Williamson (HiB2Bornot2B) . Wwoods.0  Contributors: User:Billmckern File:42nd Division Flag WW I.

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