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2 • March 1999
A True Likeness … The Quiet Ones – Carmela Villafana on Curative Education in Peru
Collaboration with the Goethe Institute
Theme for the Year 1999/2000 The Mystery of Love
Signs of the Times Anthroposophy around the World Portrait Anthroposophical Society School of Spiritual Science Feature
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A British citizen who wishes to renew his passport needs to find an acquaintance of his who is of public standing such as a Justice of Peace, Minister of Religion, lawyer, bank officer or doctor, and ask him to write on one of two identical passport photographs the timehonoured formula: I certify that this is a true likeness of … However before doing so he has to visit a photographer to obtain this “true likeness”. It is at such a visit to the photographer that he may learn how a true likeness of a fellow human being can be gained. The experienced photographer will tell him first to look into the mirror in order to see how he appears to the world and to make a few necessary adjustments. Then he will ask him to sit down and relax. When everything is ready the photographer will tell his customer to look upwards and to the light – yet not straight towards it but a little left of it – and that he should smile. Upwards and towards the light because this is the true way of man and thereby man can leave his shadows behind him and will not trip over them or be disturbed and darkened by them. A little left from it because man cannot face light directly and by turning left – which is the side of the heart – he will be able to see things in profile and be seen in profile. And a smile is necessary because in smiling man meets the light from the heights with a light of his own. In this way the experienced photographer will provide a true likeness of man. Looking into the mirror, waiting in peace, looking upwards towards the light, not straight into it but a little to the left, and smiling are the five steps by which a true likeness of man can be attained. Can we help our fellowmen to make these five steps, can we allow our fellowmen to guide us towards making these five steps in order that true likeness may meet true likeness? Baruch Urieli, Republic of Ireland
agronomists and government representatives) were alone with each other. Since then we have become ever sicker through increasingly poisoned food. I will say it again: No professional group – and certainly not any individual person – wants to harm the rest of us. for example: what characterizes scientific thinking? Within anthroposophy we speak of “living thinking”. Women usually predominate when we have anthroposophic conferences at our center in Järna. Nothing New for 50 Years But why did no real engagement unfold on the second day with the general public? It was the veritable opposite: the longer it went on. Michaela Spaar. politicians. after all. is interested in deeds. it would surely have been exciting if we had discussed such questions. Arrowsmith Ltd. on the other hand. The process of building a team of editors and correspondents has not yet been completed. – 25 years ago experts found that it would be “effective” to segregate agriculture: here. If questions with the distribution arise. finally staying away altogether. It is not unusual for large-scale studies to arrive at results which are already obvious to every thinking person. The condition of the Baltic Sea. and they should therefore interest everyone. Publisher: General Anthroposophical Society. which is supposed to nourish and support the population. phosphorus and other pollutants. Fax +41/61/706 44 65 Email: wochenschrift@goetheanum. Justus Wittich Correspondents: Jürgen Vater (Sweden) Marianne Møller-Nielsen (Denmark) Andrew Wolpert (Great Britain) We expressly wish for active support and collaboration. Nevertheless the objective result is disastrous. Ursula Remund Fink. farmers. Sweden Anthroposophy Worldwide “Life in the Anthroposophical Society – Anthroposophy Worldwide” is published monthly. They want to know why research results and political decisions – particularly with regard to environmental protection – so often have an effect that is positively the opposite of the formulated intention. The idea was quite new. Dornach. CH–4143 Dornach 1. seemed more like a duty than a matter of the heart. And one of the guilty parties is modern agriculture. What is it and how does it exist in natural science? If language is an expression of thinking. Stephan Stockmar. So it was interesting to observe that men dominated the Baltic Sea conference. Can it be that the right questions were not being asked? And if so – what are the right questions? Of course it is eminently impor2 tant for researchers to provide statistics and quantifiable data as evidence of facts or relationships that everyone knows. or at least suspects. even ingenious: first the experts (marine biologists. there. But what are the existential questions? Here the experts and the public evidently do not always agree. only the subscribers to “Das Goetheanum” should contact the address below. But their work also objectively shows that traditional agriculture. Today’s specialization – either large-scale cattle breeding or exclusive crop farming – is disastrous for the environment. Box. Food and water are prerequisite for our physical existence. crop farming. there was no major disagreement among the experts regarding the ecological principle suggested by the report. sandwiched between the lecture and the lunch break. For all others the address is the address of the Anthroposophical Society in your country. Sweden in January 1999. This effectivity has had catastrophic results ever since. As could be expected.W. So why is our environment nevertheless going downhill in nearly every respect? – 15 years ago experts met and concluded that certain emissions into the Baltic Sea needed to be cut in half. What would interest me is a discussion of the causes of this truly absurd situation. Artur Granstedt. But at this conference people evidently did not want to discuss fundamental questions. One would think that this would have allowed for a competent handling of all the existential questions. No one questions their wanting to serve our best interests.Signs of the Times Measuring the Obvious – A Commentary One and the same event can be experienced so differently! While some speak of success and even of a change in trend. is the following: it would be possible to cut the run-off of nitrogen (for example) in half. Jürgen Vater. Bristol Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 . To receive Anthroposophy Worldwide. to put it mildly. Sebastian Jüngel (responsible for this issue). the larger became the gaps in the audience. the press conference was abruptly cut short. True enthusiasm for their field leads the highly specialized scientists to make ever more exact measurements of even smaller details. they did have different views on procedure: they spoke of European Union directives. presented the conference with a study of these “streams of nutrients”. what kind of thinking does the language of a scientific paper express? Does it express living thinking? And how do things stand with art? Can art support the development of living thinking? Was it only a coincidence that art seemed to be almost totally banned from the Baltic Sea conference? A few minutes of eurythmy. cattle breeding. represented by Paul Mackay Editors: Carol Brousseau (responsible for the English-Language Edition). just as politicians want this. And what forum would be more appropriate for such a discussion than a conference on agriculture and the Baltic Sea? Asking Essential Questions One could ask. In this connection one could also ask whether women and men think differently. having the opportunity to meet with specialists in the field. Address: Weekly Paper “Das Goetheanum”. The most existential burning question must then be: why? They all mean well – the natural scientists. The problem discussed at this conference is well known. cost factors and (especially the government officials present) of the need for further research. which incessantly supplies the ocean with nitrogen. professor at the Center of Agricultural Research in Finland. Switzerland Printing by J. When questions of this sort were raised. This happened at a conference on “Agriculture and the Baltic Sea” held in Järna. On the second day of the two-day conference they met the interested public. others lose interest more and more. is deplorable. Since this result was hardly surprising. Switzerland. briefly stated. Development has gone in the opposite direction ever since.ch © Copyright 1999 General Anthroposophical Society. It is distributed by the regional Anthroposophical Societies – in some cases augmented with independently edited news and articles. On the contrary. Would natural science be different if more women were engaged in it? Yes. It also appears as a supplement to the weekly paper “Das Goetheanum”. The general public. Dietrich Rapp. But this would require a functioning cycle of ecological farming. His conclusion. – 50 years ago experts recommended the use of artificial fertilizer. actually contributes to poisoning the planet. please apply to the Anthroposophical Society in your country.
Waldorf students from Italy. It radiated from the speakers and it radiated from the student participants. Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute).S. They have gone there to get practical farming experience with Claudio Calvanzani and Claudia Wild (see photo). Contact: Claudio Calvanzani / Claudia Wild.” (excerpt) dorf schools.A. Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 3 . Dr. olive trees and timber (with fast-growing chestnut oaks which can be felled every ten or twelve years for firewood).). From a report by Yvonne Cumming. Find out what you have in common with them. Each of the small groups has the chance to experience all aspects of the work. and the construction of a small lake (as a water resevoir and natural habitat). who stipulated that it be farmed biodynamically. Don’t forget. Take action: work to solve the problem.A. Ambassador H. The farm was bought nearly twenty years ago. La Colomba di Murci. 1998. Secretary General Kofi Annan had planned to attend but was unable to do so. Waldorf Students Speak at Human Rights Conference On December 11. The purpose of the event was to hear the voice of the children of the world on the topic of human rights. Among them was a delegation from the International Waldorf School in Miami. the United Nations invited students to a conference commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Bill of Human Rights.J. The E. Another of the International Waldorf School students. A. Attending for the United Nations as speakers and participants were Mr.N. Get together: when you see something wrong. and made small animal stalls and a solar water heater. S. I-58050 Grossesto. One of the International Waldorf School’s students. Makarim Wibisono (Indonesia). of Public Information. E. Peter Burleigh (U. the repair of a forest path (which contributes to the care of the landscape). Jean Schweizer (a founding member of the Waldorf initiative in Fort Lauderdale. was chosen to be among those giving opening speeches. medicinal herbs and the proper handling of timber. Today they have a medicinal herb garden. promotes the protection of the landscape.S. U. They were invited because of the International Waldorf School’s connection with UNESCO. The message was to bypass one’s little ego and to work selflessly for the betterment of humankind. including projects such as those currently underway at “Le Piane”: tree cultivation (15 hectares to ensure the renewal of raw materials). planted trees. van den Heuvel (Pres. If one looks carefully at the curriculum one sees that it is truly global: it prepares children to be individuals who really can think for themselves. What is presented in Waldorf schools prepares students for such matters. The second was that the young people of the world do have the courage to stand against adversity to make positive changes. General Secretary: “Make an effort: get to know people whose lives are different from yours. Austria and Switzerland are already very familiar with this 60 hectare farm. Sarva Contreras. It was rewarding to note how easily the Waldorf children fit into such an environment and how easily they were able to grasp the concepts placed before them. even cooking and cleaning. The inspectors will check to see whether the planting has been carried out correctly. “Podere Le Piane” 158. history that young people were invited. Ambassador William J. Florida.N. thanks to a gift by Giulia Maria Crespi. Arts and crafts round out the program. Germany. Small steps count.). One was that the Michaelic impulse was very strong throughout the conference. Tel.A. Two things became apparent to the adult participants from the Wal- Small Steps Count Kofi Annan. if something hasn’t been done before.N. with Yvonne Cumming. Mian Qadrud-Din (Dept. and his speech was read by one of his representatives (see box). that only means you can do it. In recent years they built walls. E./Fax +39/564/51 90 98. It was the first time in U. Italy European Union Supports “Le Piane” Biodynamic Farm The biodynamic farm “Le Piane” is expecting a visit from the European Union this spring. U. In theoretical lessons geared to their age they learn about farming and gardening.S. and Ambassador H. was chosen from among the more than 900 participants to be one of eight to draw up a declaration of human rights for the children of the world.U.Anthroposophy around the World U. join with others who feel the same way. Danielle Bourgi. U. We must give some credit to the curriculum which was put forth by Rudolf Steiner. Florida) and four students.
There was also the local population. with its hopeless ghettos. Time after time. The initiators were all too aware of the conditions in São Paulo. 00028 516-9 05/99. mostly descendants of formerly wealthy landowners. England. To organize bank loans and help with coordination. But it is not only a main drug dealing center. Tel. GB-Gloucestershire GL5 1BB. +49/5468/1037. The timing was fortunate. an alliance has now formed among the “Gemeinnützige Treuhandstelle” (“Non-Profit Trust”. with evening frost in winter.J Contact: “Centre for Science and Art. Otherwise they would have to give up either the four eldest classes or Waldorf educa- tion. The school was gradually converted to Waldorf practises. +31/20/623 33 53 – Albert Fink. More than 150 people attended the opening ceremony on January 22. The “Friends” will undertake the development and realization of the project. three hours away from São Paulo: the climate is cold by Brazilian standards. Brazil. The school depends on donations of funds and materials. 31. Account No. Poupauça azul. Fax 75 75 65. Information on materials needed: Gerald Albrecht. and an “educational experiment”. which had been built with the ideal of making art and science accessible to everyone. But it is pleasantly dry and sunny. +49/030/617 026 30 – Jon McAlice. From a report by Andrew Beard and Karin Jarman. but this does not mean that the parish carries the full costs. They hope to be able to contribute to the wish for cultural renewal in Stroud. The local population. “IONA Foundation”.R. but for many years failed to thrive. four anthroposophic institutions seized the opportunity to move in. Bank No. 1/1. 1700 meters above sea level. “Gemeinnützige Treuhandstelle”. They planned a biodynamic farm. “Freunde der Erziehungskunst”. +44/1453/75 16 85. which desperately needed help if they were not to be forced to migrate to the city. Stroud. including the mayor and many business people. Anthroposophische Gesellschaft in Deutschland. Today the school has 11 teachers and 90 pupils and it would like to accept all pupils regardless of whether they can afford school fees. Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 4 Photo: private . The idea was to create work and a good environment so that no one would have to leave. By 1991 they already had 80 students. crafts people and social initiators. Contacts: Dolf van Aalderen. One day a new mayor appeared and demanded that the school be privatized within two weeks. barely half of the 25 children would come regularly. the “Friends of Rudolf Steiner’s Education” (Germany). 0 700. Ruskin Mill Further Education Centre and Lansdown Pottery (from William Morris House Camphill Community). England in 1998. Germany). Ouro Fino/Minas Gerais. and the IONA Foundation (the Netherlands). when independent schools are not subsidized by the government. Lansdown. There are many artists. G re a t B r i t a i n Art and Curative Education Under One Roof Four Anthroposophic Initiatives Share a School When the local art school left its premises in Stroud. All of the four initiatives intend to collaborate with the local community: with courses. edited by S. She was positive about the school and even suggested that it help renew the education of the whole region. Stroud has long attracted radical groups and religious independents. This culture of tolerance has created fruitful soil for anthroposophic initiatives. Tel. The three oldest classes put on their first play: Shakespeare’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” – an extraordinary cultural event in this community. Pedagogical Section of the School of Spiritual Science. This shock was followed by months of silence. is entirely destitute and has little or no schooling. The school was founded in 1972 with private funds. room rentals and festivals. Tel. Bank account: Caixa Economica Federal. All these institutions (and they may be joined by others) are looking into how a capital base could be organized. the Anthroposophical Society in Germany. or at least not without basic education. 1999. Tel.Brazil Culture in a Secluded Place “Campo Verde – Escola Araucária” – A Brazilian Mountain School The Serra da Mantiqueira mountains. In 1997 there were six teachers and eight classes. “Escola Araucária” is a parish school. The “Campo Verde Group” was originally intended to be an ecological initiative. it also has a strong green party and serves as a focal point for complementary medicine. street children and crime. The Hibernia School of Artistic Therapy was looking for a larger place. It does subsidize the teachers’ salaries. Tel. is well-loved by the people of Stroud. Tel. Akazienstr. +41/61/7064 315 – Dieter Pommerening. +49/234/30 79 30 – Nana Göbel. contructing a building becomes an insurmountable obstacle. The teachers would stay only a few months. Then a new education official assumed responsibility. D–68305 Mannheim. A doctor wanted to found a small sanatorium (but did not take well to the high altitude himself). It was not until a long-term teacher was found in the early 1990’s that things began to change. The hundred-year-old building. Education Germany/the Netherlands/Switzerland. U. They were joined by Mask Studio. This is the setting for the mountain school “Escola Araucária”.
That is why we did not complete the work on the buildings until 1975. Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 5 Photos: “Les Fontenottes” flyer . We had very little money. France. But the price was so low that we had enough left over to make the most necessary repairs. a duck and trout pond. He also draws her attention to Ita Wegman. A certain dismal melancholy pressed down upon the whole estate and the village. Paris had a small study group. lead by Madam Bérence. The first children soon arrived. and foreigners were not allowed. This kind of engagement in the social politics of one’s land calls for a clear. Now I knew that I wanted to help plant an anthroposophic seed in French soil. We were able to buy surrounding estates and fallow land. Fruitful dialogue has arisen with our non-anthroposophic colleagues. This developed into a boarding school and moved to Courcelles Castel near Paris in 1938. That is how the curative work began here in 1954. In 1936 they were able to open a day school in Paris. Eric Arlin. Most of the buildings have an anthroposophic style. etc. who had worked with us for 21 years and who was valued especially for her musical and social skills. The enrollment of the children is controlled by various government commissions that also include one or two anthroposophists. affordable castles were on sale at that time. Those who were left founded “Centre de Saint Barthélemy” in Switzerland. who preserved them like relics through the war and up to the founding of “Fontenottes”. Eight children each live in 6 autonomous groups. therapy rooms. Yet I knew: this is it! We learned that the village was called Saint Julien du Sault. He suggests that she meditate on the picture of St. each for three months. Difficult trials had to be met from the start. It is important to involve ourselves and to express our points of view. France Edited by M. giving us the courage to stick together and not give up. A new beginning in France was impossible at first. Madame Mousset and I decided to found France’s first post-war curative home. Before her death she had entrusted the letters to Madame Bérence. During the following years I was led into curative education by Werner Pache. solid. 1924. Lessons have 4 to 10 children each. My wife and I had to withdraw in 1984 for health reasons. A French Association for Curative Education was founded in 1935. 1923 (as far as I know the only letter that Rudolf Steiner ever wrote in French) he named Alice Sauerwein Secretary of the Anthroposophical Society in France. A lot of more or less ruined. Only sometimes did it help with the buildings. During the initial years after the war there were no anthroposophic institutions in France besides the Strassbourg Waldorf school. ivy-covered roofs and impenetrable underbrush. is closely connected to the history of anthroposophy there. Wallerstein. Joan of Arc as the standard bearer of Michael. open and undogmatic attitude. Madame Mousset’s health forced her to leave. and I got to know the French children living at “Sonnenhof”. We have 48 children in need of special care and about 40 co-workers. It is thanks to her that the parents of The government paid a relatively small daily rate per child. The same year one of our main co-workers died. Rotten Beams. But always the children somehow brought unexpected help in hopeless situations. The French children’s teacher was Madame Mousset. In the first letter. Some trainees and local helpers assisted us. Translations of texts by Steiner were made and distributed. hall with a stage. Ivy-Covered Roofs In 1948 I “happened” to visit “Sonnenhof” in Arlesheim without knowing what I was getting into. We still have full freedom in anthroposophic curative education. It has a park with hundredyear-old trees. my future wife. It had rotten beams. But we increasingly feel that we need to work more into the periphery. Some of them disappeared during the war. And later we also had to deal with animosities and other obstacles. She soon became the soul of the place. We happened to find a small desolate country estate 130 kilometers south of Paris. pasture. including two letters addressed to Alice Sauerwein from Rudolf Steiner. dated January 8. pigeon house. They were unable to find any French coworkers. therapeutic impulses should place themselves into the midst of ordinary life. His other letter of April 26. We began looking for a castle between Paris and Switzerland. During the German occupation they all had to flee to the south. “Sonnenhof” sent a series of teachers with tourist visas. vegetable and flower gardens. advises her on her anthroposophic work in France. Active in Government Commissions Today France has eleven institutions for curative education and social therapy which the government supports one hundred percent. as did important supportive friends. and they harmonize with the restored 18th century building and the 14th century tower.S. forest. these children became the first supporters of “Fontenottes”. Anthroposophy became my essential focus beginning in 1946 under the personal direction of Simone Rihouët Coroze. and cafeteria provide the setting for many activities. We handed over the leadership to Ruth Jacquemart. riding course and sports grounds. The workshops. at the initiative of Ita Wegman. to cultivate it and pass it on. so that “Fontenottes” has become a cultural island of nine hectares. Most funding had to come from private donations and loans. Vala Vachadze-Bérence gave me some documents from before the war. Modern tasks face us: our curative. Trials One of the first co-workers to arrive was Hélène. During the founding years of “Les Fontenottes”.France Anecdotes from the History of Anthroposophy in France Eric Arlin on the Development of Curative Education in “Les Fontenottes” The story of “Les Fontenottes” in Burgundy. Julia Bort and Mrs.
(We had forgotten the street number. children and colleagues. It may even be more difficult to work with these hidden handicaps than with the evident ones. She described her experiences there. In this way it is not necessary to approach a “defect” directly. Carmela Villafana was visiting from Peru. It is very difficult to accept. She met Waldorf education in 1985. Greater and Smaller Handicaps How does one recognize whether a child has a handicap or not? Physically one can see quite a lot. that is the simplest. but she also preferred to keep her distance at times. which has protected me to this very day and which enables me to 6 not take the “stones” personally. I notice that the hidden aspects in a person can unfold if I meet him with trust and create a sense of safety. Everyone has virtues and faults. Many children in Latin America are conceived while their parents are drunk.Portrait Paying Attention to the Quiet Ones Carmela Villafana speaks about her Work in Curative Education in Peru After some searching. I thought like everyone else: It is the parent’s fault. A picture arose in me as if I had anointed myself with oil. It was a tough experience because I had to work with the others and yet not change them. Are inner or character handicaps perhaps much more significant than physical ones? Definitely. It was a permanent battle on an etheric and astral level. She trained as a primary school teacher. We need to pay attention to the quiet ones. With the children one can experience this even more strongly. Everyone has one handicap or another. They have a task. Otherwise there is no progress. He was someone with many personal failings. Carmela Villafana: In Peru people fairly “fly” along. I always feel great admiration for what lies hidden in such people. We must cultivate our virtues. Peru in 1942. She showed great commitment in taking up the anthroposophic impulses from Europe. When I managed it. it becomes difficult. I notice it immediately in the children. Carmela Villafana and a boisterous dog. they accompany us. Once one has the label of a handicap. That gives us a good starting point. as substance. particularly her work in curative education. And still more so when the person who has these handicaps is considered to be a “normal” person. I try to raise it into the consciousness of my students. The children and colleagues are a mirror for us. “Carmela Villafana is a sun being. Self-Development At first we had someone who clearly led the school. I thought about it. Are they seen as being morally guilty? It can be moral guilt or physical. but he was like a director. as something to turn into virtues. These are souls who either seek a period of “rest” or who have a special task within the family and society. then things suddenly went better with the others as well. Carmela Villafana was born in Huaraz. they should become better people. one knows one has to work on oneself.) We were warmly welcomed by Franz Lehnert. slept on it. She attended all of Douglas Pundsak’s Waldorf seminars. I learned to stop holding my head out to the stones that were being figuratively hurled through the air – to let them fly past me. the initial eye contact is always the most important. too. We need to make a special effort to pay attention to those who go more slowly and have virtues of their own. which she then developed into her own Peruvian anthroposophic view. More educated people ask about genes. I have Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 Photo: Jürg Buess . I then tried to relocate this battle within. much more healthy than ostensibly normal children. and one often asks oneself: why is this child mirroring this to me? They are often much more direct. I try very hard to get that first. even if it is in the most hidden corner. This is my point of departure. It does not matter so much to me whether the students become great educators. This was the impulse for me to help others in this way: I work on myself and this affects the other person. Her warm heart and clear awareness give her remarkable insight and great sensitivity. If I do not work on myself well enough. Anthroposophy has opened up an entirely new field of concepts. we (Sebastian Jüngel and Ursula Remund Fink) found the house where Carmela Villafana was staying in Switzerland. And by evening we were also physically exhausted. Looking now more towards the physical handicaps: Do you have any idea why a human being would incarnate into such a body? That is a very good question. He was very intelligent and knowledgeable. and we must work at transforming our faults into virtues. in 1987. It was not until she looked into curative education that she was really convinced. That is usually the first place that guilt is sought. To me. Today she is a teacher at the seminar for curative education and at the Colegio San Christoferus in Lima. Franz Lehnert translated from the Spanish. and I tell all my students: Know yourself. specialized in special education and trained further in working with people who have behavioral problems. they are not just there for themselves. That is what I work with. the family’s fault. I try to help people know themselves. In Latin America this is even stronger than in Europe. but the true natives of the land have a richness in them. One must look at them within their possibilities. It starts from there. I need my faults as material. only myself. People look for the guilty person in the families of the parents. The teachers of the classes she visited in Basel also experienced this: Carmela Villafana comes to a very difficult group of children and – though she has neither a full command of the language nor detailed knowledge of the situation – something changes. But as soon as it goes to another level. Before I knew anthroposophy. She had seen an advertisement for a seminar in anthroposophic curative education in a newspaper and was able to attend the first course on this subject given in Peru.” This is how Franz Lehnert describes her warm sun quality. They are like thermometers for this. There are various kinds of Peruvians.
Photo: Franz Lehnert transportation to and from the school. Anthroposophic curative education changes family life..m. and his aunt took him for psychiatric treatment. It is possible to get a year’s work experience there. Los Faisanes N° 950 La Campiña. he was out on the streets until 1:00 a. But there are Waldorf schools. We also are not attacked as being a “sect”. and it is much easier for citizens of the U. The problem of television. But Miguel had changed. I have now worked for twelve years in curative education. He had awakened through what he had experienced in the outside world. They want nothing but their quiet corner. the majority of the children who come to Christoferus cannot afford it. Though there are wealthy families in Peru. At the orphanage they went to bed at 8:00 p. How strong. We need to roll up our sleeves and get to work! Then everything becomes clear. 51/1/467 54 73.) In the orphanage Miguel had had clear rules and structures. so they find the school. they would only be poor creatures that get left as they are. there are very popular machines that show a kind of film if you put money into them. Even in small villages where people have no money and not even electricity really. (In Peru incredible efforts lasting years or decades are made to find the natual parents of a child. that he brought him to the one psychologist among thousands (Lima has more psychologists than hairdressers) who was married to one of the teachers at our school! From the moment that he had been handed over to his father. and very few return after their trainings. We are working hard on this. This is not at all possible from Peru. People do not approach it in such an intellectual way. he will become a criminal like so many other children in Lima – he would have no other choice. But. This consultation brought him back to us again. He was truly a bad example for his comrades. When he was handed over to his father. I had to work very hard on myself. Initiatives have been developed by parents of children who have been with us for a longer time. which is a status symbol. we lack any real anthroposophic medical care. R. That is why we have organized a third curative education conference in Quito. I had searched for him. Some children try continually to isolate themselves. nor expect anything from. The only place where he would be able to receive something would be the school. so that the school is truly supported where it is. He wanted to do whatever came into his mind.often observed that the life of such a child totally changes the home into which it was born. no cooking stove. I would like to tell you about Miguel. how wakeful is Miguel’s angel. The problems are financial. he had stopped going to Christoferus. Edited by U. It is clear that the school will continue to require help from Europe. and others who were left by their rich parents in rooms equipped with television and computer. for example.m. There are many autistic children with marked auto-aggressions. It is almost impossible. Because he did not obey. and he also does a lot of publicity work including television appearances. but he had simply disappeared. Also. he left a structured world for one he had never known. But we have stopped sending young people to train in Europe because it is extremely expensive. although his father was very poor and totally down at the heels. Both “types” of children are our teachers. How do these two groups of souls reveal themselves? There are different ways of expressing oneself. who were literally abandoned. more and more. If the school does not do everything possible for Miguel. I had to find a new way of reaching him. Furthermore. and hold bazaars. aggressive children. The doctor found out that he had been at Christoferus and strongly urged the social worker to visit Miguel’s father and arrange for him to return to school. because this was what he was now used to. and only bamboo walls. It is a question of patience.S. He was first a student at Christoferus when he was living in an orphanage. and I have come to 7 . The money that we invest in one person’s training in Europe – which can certainly also be justified – is sufficient to run a whole seminar in Peru. There are countless damaged children. He did not want to listen. whatever we are doing. particularly through the unduly strong influence of North America. only Brazil has a eurythmy training. With his father. That is nothing unusual in Lima and it was also not in the poorest quarter. This triggered a real psychosis in the boy. to go to Europe to train. Others are continually around us. The allure of television is so strong that people will buy a television set even if their house has no electricity. They sell home-made bread. expect something from us. The orphanage eventually found his father. Autoaggressions always have a socially destructive element. his parents. Lima. I visited him at home and realized that I Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 would not be able to ask anything of. Their address: Av. kindergartens and curative education projects in many places. Peru. for example. his father beat him up. Chorrillos. The child stands before us and we must find our way together. Especially costly is the recharge my batteries. Abandoned in two senses: children we find on the streets. to hold eurythmy lessons. Anthroposophy is easily accepted in Peru. neglected and abandoned children. Alarming Influence of Television The world has become very small. they provoke us. hyperactive children. He was more aggressive. and we are trying to join together. This does not hold true for eurythmists. Franz Lehnert comes every year. this rhythmic work. The Situation in Peru One of the reasons I am now here is to find help for the school – sponsors and such things. Tel. is very big in Peru. which finally worked quite well. who attends our school thanks to a sponsor. They are also urgently seeking a eurythmist. because his father’s violence had buried something in him. The main emphasis lies in doing. no water. for example. This is very difficult in Lima. If one did not have this picture. The point is to find people for Peru. but they cannot pay for it. The cradle of curative education is in Europe. Miguel lost all structure. But this usually only suffices to cover the salaries of the trainees. Colegio San Christoferus would be glad if some children could find sponsors. The Peruvians have a sense for when something is good. some of the children are receiving prescribed psychopharmacological drugs that sometimes make everything much worse. there should be help from within the country itself. spur us on. One is as bad as the other. Curative education in Peru is still being born.
but learn to handle them. We should not merely warn against new media. and Henk Verhoog on genetic engineering.” The subsequent vote then revealed almost complete agreement: the motion was soundly rejected. He acknowledges a certain justification in combatting false reports and advising the institutions and branches. contrary to a suggestion made in the Interim Report of the Constitution Group.R. Reports on the work from various countries will be made by Wolfgang Rissmann for Germany. spoke of its historic significance: it is the first time that representatives from all streams of the anthroposophic movement in Switzerland have joined in a mutual endeavor. Jaap van der Haar on addiction. Today. 1999 This year’s Annual General Meeting of the Anthroposophical Society in Switzerland was given the theme “Agriculture as a Cultural Impulse – Why Does the World Need Biodynamic Agriculture?” In his Annual Report. President (Paracelsus Branch. Walter Kugler (Administrators of Rudolf Steiner’s Estate).–) Nutal Bischoff moved that the spokesperson not be hired. we need to approach the public. Heinz Zimmermann on the Goetheanum’s Foundation Year in Anthroposophy. Rolf Kerler will give the Financial Report.J. People want to hear about anthroposophy. will take up her duties this month. Elizabeth Wirsching on education. Three motions have been submitted. January 23–24. We must be conse8 quential about rejecting these media. It will again be divided into the three areas: School of Spiritual Science. Broad Support for Swiss Spokesperson for Anthroposophy Switzerland’s new spokesperson for anthroposophic affairs. Treasurer (Independent Community Bank. Konstanze Brefin Alt. Nutal Bischoff moves that the current form of the AGM be maintained. Note In Anthroposophy Worldwide 1/99 the anthroposophic work in the Czech Republic and Slovakia were reported separately. 1999).” “Rudolf Steiner suggested that we bring anthroposophy to people where they are. Otfried Doerfler (Anthroposophical Society in Switzerland). in the success of the special exhibit on anthroposophy at Basel’s ecological trade fair last year. Switzerland Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 . for example. He also moves that time be set aside for a discussion of the Constitution. and Sergei Prokofieff for Russia. After the financial report (there was a deficit of CHF 6. Basel). The question of how to communicate with the public has become ever more pressing. but the idea of selling anthroposophy. Margrethe Solstad for Norway. In the discussion that followed it was stressed that we must approach the public if we want to achieve anything. However. Ursa Krattiger. is incompatible with anthroposophy. associations and companies present. someone objected. Peter Schlegel moves that future Annual General Meetings reserve at least three hours for free discussion in plenum – in addition to the usual discussion following specific points on the agenda. U. Paul Klarskov and Carina Schmid will speak on their plans for the Goetheanum stage groups. the two countries are united by a single anthroposophical society: “Anthroposofická Spolencnost”. Brigitte von Wistinghausen on plant breeding and seed development. Robert Thomas (Coordinator for Rudolf Steiner Schools in Switzerland). Konstanze Brefin Alt. and Goetheanum. Moritz Aebersold (Weleda. Section Leaders and Executive Council. Otfried Doerfler emphasized the work of the “Sampo” trust and Switzerland’s newly hired spokesperson for anthroposophy. This was evident. Manfred Schmidt-Brabant and Paul Mackay will give the Executive Council’s Annual Report. who chaired the meeting. of influencing the public. A supporting association was founded on February 8. There will be artistic contributions. Herbert Holliger. Scheduled to speak on the work of the School of Spiritual Science are: Wolfgang Held on the eclipse of the sun (which will be visible in Europe August 11. ANTHROPOSOPHISCHE GESELLSCHAFT From the Annual General Meeting. Dornach). S. more than in the past. television and the internet should not be used because they are anti-anthroposophic media which prevent people from making true judgements. with 24 representatives from the most varied institutions. Working with the public is one of the tasks of a national society (see box). Secretary (Editor of the Swiss Society newsletter). Both days will include discussion groups with the General Secretaries. Official Spokesperson Engaged spokesperson is a response to the attacks on Rudolf Steiner. Switzerland). Radio. Georg Böhlen. Anthroposophical Society.Anthroposophical Society GENERAL ANTHROPOSOPHICAL SOCIETY Annual General Meeting Agenda 1999 Three Motions Have Been Submitted The Executive Council of the General Anthroposophical Society has announced the agenda for this year’s Annual General Meeting (March 27–28 1999 at the Goetheanum). 1999. “It is false to want to achieve anything”. Virginia Sease will speak in memory of the dead. “It cannot be a matter of rejecting the media but of understanding them!” “The IN DER SCHWEIZ “Agriculture as a Cultural Impulse”.000. Elected to the Council (which will also serve as an advisory committee) were: Marcus Schneider.
Bulgaria). their right to Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 self-love. Temenuga Koepke. we thank you for your loving. which we were able to characterize in the description of the Christ Development. We consider this work to be a small contribution towards forming a country-wide society. interest in the other person. neither is it omniscience. in order that under the influence of wisdom he might make progress. freedom is inseparably connected to the idea of love. Friedrich Rittelmeyer. that takes away their own being by taking their self-love. unalloyed love.”4 (These thoughts are from the lecture “Love and it’s Meaning in the World”. As Rudolf Steiner says. love is the result of wisdom reborn in the ego.) 3. a voice. gave a course on “The Planets and the Zodiac”. which can be seen as basic to our theme. not supreme power. however. not supreme wisdom. God Kept Love A second aspect can lead to a deeper understanding of how the divinity stands in relation to love: “The allencompassing attribute of the Godhead is not omnipotence. Love as Reborn Wisdom First of all we can look at the great aspect of evolution as it is described in An Outline of Esoteric Science. who is a priest in Germany. 1. is so comprehensive in Rudolf Steiner’s work that it would be correct to say that everything in his work has been created out of love and for love. if it were not also possible to sail down into the abyss. 1998 a group was founded in Stara Sagora to study the Christmas Foundation Meeting 1923 and Rudolf Steiner’s Foundation Stone Meditation. Temenuga Koepke. because the meaning of the cosmos and the human being is love. Dear friends. information and experiences (Steliana Prangova. Friedrich Husemann. for the first time. with all its connotations. Otto Wolff. All 25 participants were very interested and active. Beginning with the present incarnation of our planet. Switzerland THEME OF THE Y E A R 19 9 9 / 2 0 0 0 The Mystery of Love Study suggestions for the members of the Anthroposophical Society for the coming year Rudolf Steiner makes a significant connection between the Mystery of the Abyss. Sergei Prokofieff and Emil Tanev. Significant help also came from other foundations. It was named in memory of Dimo Daskalov (1907 – 1989). They also published works by Carl Unger. The publishing gave anthroposophy. The group consists of ten people who meet every second Wednesday evening. Nevertheless I would like to characterize seven points of view which the work with our theme of the year might consider.”3 2. Stojanovitch. through love for the other person. 1991 in Stara Sagora. Freedom would be impossible for the human being and love would be impossible. In his lectures on the Apocalypse of St. The book has already found its first readers! At the beginning of 1999. in order that the human being may become free. which are the most recent three study themes we have chosen. it would also be impossible for him to achieve love on the one hand and freedom on the other. the Mystery of Love and the Mystery of Freedom. they also wish to interact with readers and study groups. Then he says: “If it were impossible for the human being to sail into the abysses of evil. A “cosmos of love” is meant to unfold out of a “cosmos of wisdom”. soul-spiritual and financial support! The great efforts of our many friends have made it possible for the Bulgarian public to encounter anthroposophy. At the end of 1998 our anthroposophic publishers brought out a small book in Bulgarian called “The Christian Community” by Dieter Hornemann. T. innermost effort. “The high Sun Being. God has retained love for himself but has shared wisdom and power with Lucifer and Ahriman. The Gods Nourish Themselves from the Love of Humans A third aspect among these comprehensive pictures can be seen as human development in a narrower sense. God is pure love. something that consumes them. which was illegal until just a year ago. There Rudolf Steiner describes how the entire development of mankind and the earth undergoes a change. as it is given in Cosmic Memory. Human nature was balanced between love and wisdom when it assumed its present form 9 . it becomes a seed of love. is born as it were out of the very substance of love. to exchange thoughts. “There is no other way to enter the epoch which must bring forth a social structure than through love that is not selflove. but it is love – the attribute for which no enhancement is possible. God is uttermost love. reveals itself as the comprehensive ‘example of love’. for example: “Thus youthful humanity had two kinds of leaders: beings of love and beings of wisdom. it emerged that getting past the abyss of self-love and egotism to truly take hold of love requires the strongest. The printing was made possible by the uninterrupted support of especially the Hausser Foundation (Stuttgart) and the Administrators of Rudolf Steiner’s Estate (Dornach).”2 The theme of love. We would very much like to hear from other groups working on similar questions. the wisdom of the outer world becomes wisdom within the human being. Bulgaria Seven Years “Daskalov” Publishing Bulgaria’s first anthroposophic publishing house was founded on December 24. doctor and eurythmy therapist. Rudolf Treichler.BULGARIA On the Way to an Anthroposophical Society Books and Contacts On October 14. and help bring the impulses of the 1923 Christmas Foundation Meeting closer to the “hearts” and “heads” of the Bulgarian authors. 6003 Stara Sagora.”1 In our work on the mystery of the abyss. ul. John he describes the danger of falling into the abyss. Bulgaria’s first anthroposophist and translator of Rudolf Steiner’s works for many years. Steliana Prangova. For the occultist. The editors do not see their task in publishing alone. institutions and individuals whose names would fill a long list. the two colleagues at Daskalov (Dimitar Demtschev and Jordan Dimitrov) managed to translate and publish 28 volumes of Rudolf Steiner’s work in their spare time. Wisdom is the prerequisite of love. People experience this as something that burns. Paul Bühler. During the past seven years. 2-B-69. And when it is taken into the human being. Dr.
it only fantasizes about love.”12 As a kind of basic meditation. July 22. But humanity can fall away from this spiritualizing of love. Now we see only dark outlines in the mirror. eroticism. April 20. Love is kind. love for all things human in the second. It will disclose itself gradually. 1912. on youthful humankind. “The Consequences of Monism”. “No other activity of the human soul is as easily misunderstood as thinking. spirituality of love with the demonology of love. It seems to dry out the life of the soul. If one truly understands the nature of love. primordial Being permeating all humanity thus takes hold of us through our thinking. nor boasting.10 7. and reveal all mysteries. nothing about what is said in the Gospels. It does not know love. Chap. What is spoken with tongues dies away when it no longer speaks to human hearts. And though I could prophesy.” From The Bhagavad Vita and the Epistles of Paul. Cosmic Memory. I will show you the way higher than all the other ways. even if he knows nothing of the Mystery of Golgotha. […] Sensual love arose thereby. that has replaced love. It bears no malice toward anyone. GA 143. 1918. This is the expression of an occult fact.” “Our epoch often prays to the demon of love rather then to the genius of love and in sexuality it confuses the 10 “… and have not love. The Threshold of the Spiritual World. Knowledge vanishes as soon as its subject is exhausted. we can turn our gaze to the education of the individual. the character of love. December 17. He shows how the first three sevenyear cycles in a person’s life prepare the ground for the love of God in the first cycle. December 13. one finds that they are the way in which the spirit truly lives in the sense world. we can look at the mystery of the human being as imbued with Christ. Love encompasses everything: permeates all beliefs. but nevertheless has knowledge of the radical difference between the character of wisdom and power as opposed to the character of love. GA 143. This dipping down occurs with a power that flows forth in the activity of thinking itself – the power of love in spiritual form. though I have such faith as would remove mountains. is at the same time life in God. A prophecy ceases after it is fulfilled. Feeling and willing warm the human soul even when we look back and recollect their original state. GA 4. GA 13. the year’s work could be accompanied by Rudolf Steiner’s translation of Paul’s first epistle to the Corinthians. I thought as a child. however.”11 To really understand this in its full depth is to be a Christian: “Let us assume that someone knows nothing about the name Christ Jesus. it all would come to nothing. Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path. Now is my knowledge in fragments. 1906. It is thus a consequence of the workings of the soul in a male or female body. but one day I shall know fully what I myself am. 1912. When thinking about love. It does not let itself be provoked to anger. and love of work in the third. Chap. GA 306. GA 186.” “To understand the nature of love is to be a Christian. Lasting is Faith. Love and its Meaning in the World.”5 An added thought: “What do the gods require of us? They nourish themselves with our love. The true meaning of nectar and ambrosia – the nectar of the gods – is the love of man and woman. One of Rudolf Steiner’s great lectures on education can provide the starting point. Love endures. in a seventh aspect. but one day we shall see the spirit face to face. Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path. Love. is never lost. it really only knows eroticism. because all knowledge is fragmentary. Such a person is a true Christian. Manfred Schmidt-Brabant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 The Apocalypse of Saint John. Since I have become a man my world of childhood is past. An Outline of Esoteric Science. 1908. my speech would sound as brass and a clanging cymbal. 1923. The Demon of Love In examining the nature of love today one cannot avoid recognizing its counter-picture.on the earth. yes. therefore it is supreme. nor vanity. and have not love.” “One can say that the human soul awakens in the spiritual world through supersensible consciousness. everything would be in vain. GA 104. Drei Perspektiven der Anthroposophie. The Awakening of the Spirit in the Sense World Finally. April 29. while thinking all too easily leaves us cold. Love of God – Love for All Things Human – Love of Work After this fifth aspect. In his 1918 addition to the eighth chapter of The Philosophy of Freedom. Love does not know envy. But one must also say that spirit awakens in the sense world through love. 1923. Though I gave to others all my spiritual gifts. “Love is the most significant fruit of human experience in the sense world. by the beings of wisdom to the perfection of its inner nature. The demon of love arises.”7 This experience forms the necessary foundation for understanding the decisive step later on in the book: “The universal. the demon of love. Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Unterlagen zur Bildung eines sozialen Urteils. Rudolf Steiner.”9 6. GA 225.” “The denial of spirit is what turns the force of love into an erotic force. By the beings of love it was stimulated to physical development. June 30. indeed it lies about love. likewise all prophesying. Originally. its demon. the great leaders. “Present and Future of World and Human Development”.” “This was the task of the superhuman beings. for which we can find countless examples in Rudolf Steiner’s works. and lasting is Love. but often also its counter-picture. Life within reality. When I was a child I spoke as a child. dipping down warmly into the phenomena of the world. Though I could speak out of the spirit with the tongues of men or of angels and have not love. GA 97. GA 11. GA 4. Rudolf Steiner examines prejudices that people have towards thinking. 9. “Our time lives with this illusion. “The Division into Sexes”. The Spiritual Force of Love in Thinking A fourth step leads to quite a different area. GA 17. in praise of love (see box above). sexuality had something permeated by spiritual love alive within it. and have not love. it would all come to nothing …” In Praise of Love “Indeed. In many cases it is not merely love’s lower servant. is taken hold of by thinking. Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 . that they impressed their own character. and in all matters practices tolerance. nor seek its own advantage. nor rejoices over injustice but only over truth. if it be love. of compassion. is hopeful in all things. is torn from spirituality by intellectuality. and communicate all the world’s knowledge. It does not violate propriety. The Child’s Changing Consciousness and Waldorf Education. though I gave my very body to be burned. lasting the certainty of Hope.”8 5. Das Christliche Mysterium. filled with thought content. Yet this is only the sharply contoured shadow of the reality of thinking – a reality interwoven with light. 1913. But when that which is complete has come. Chap. 8. Love and Its Meaning in the World. I felt as a child. But Love is the greatest of these. then the fragments have lost their meaning. January 1. Just especially in this area the most complete misunderstandings can of course arise. but also in human life itself.”6 4. December 17. when what otherwise works in the human being as divinely inspired.
AND MUSIC Tuning in to the New Millennium with the “Inaudible” Thoughts on the Section Conference April 5 to 9. no superficial shop talk. he added that he would not like to give this definition at a music school. This concept enables crystallographers to develop a subtle picture of how the macroscopic attributes relate to the micro-structure. and for this we need our colleagues. Suitable. which is drawn in as imaginative content. The future of this Section’s work lies precisely in this question. If these arts wanted only to repeat the audible. Goetheanum Literature: Renatus Ziegler: Morphologie von Kristallformen und symmetrischen Polyedern – Kristall.. which lives in the transition to intervals of silence. Structure theory expresses variations of substance and local principles. it appears that only one aspect of crystal formation is grasped by the infinite lattice. They can also often be mirrored on the planes which join two axes. etc. etc. speech and drama. Crystal chemistry studies the elements they are composed of. The sobering that marks the end of the century is not a sign of weakness. and which can be recognized as gesture. for these studies to be concretely (mathematically) applied. to help prepare a strong path for the work and to secure it for the future. Verlag am Goetheanum. S P E E C H . This generates questions which are indispensible for the further thriving of anthroposophy. The Section strives to cultivate the inaudible element. luster.A S T R O N O M I C A L S E C T I O N The Morphology of Crystals on a Projective Basis Crystals fascinate with their clear shapes and sensual attributes such as color. In all section work. necessarily complementary aspect needs to be sought in projectively enhanced morphology. ions or molecules. Its other. When Rudolf Steiner characterized the essential nature of music in February 1924 as being inaudible. but they are existential. Don Vollen Member of the Preparatory Group M AT H E M AT I C A L . eurythmy. idealized crystal shapes prove to be symmetrical. they can be brought into self-coincidence by rotating them about axes with 60. With this theme the attempt will be made to find the transition from the 20th century to the 21st. The artists working in these fields would like to meet before the century ends. The building blocks of these lattices are atoms. The latter enables one to think the idea of a formative force which spans the whole of space to its logical conclusion. Conventional crystallography interprets these directions as a consequence of the lattice-structure. The two fields thus form a solid foundation for crystallography and mineralogy permeated by an anthroposophic approach. hopes and concerns that they carry may be of a more inward nature. Rather than staging a symphonic closing cadence. the Section’s members want to join together in living with the con- tent of the School of Spiritual Science. the level of hardness and the optical attributes (in double refraction. one must assume (in contradiction to the facts but in agreement with the numerical calculations) that the various crystal lattices are infintely large – that they span the whole of space. 1998. As a consequence of this. the two main ways of studying crystals – structure theory and morphology – prove to be complementary. Many demonstrations from all fields and characteristic afternoon performances will reflect the wide variety of the work. Conventional crystallography “explains” most of the phenomena by the way in which small particles join to form lattice-like structures. they would soon lose their spiritual dimension. How does this relate to Rudolf Steiner’s emphasis on the role of cosmic/spiritual configurations of forces in the forming of crystals? Crystal morphology and physics study the attributes which correspond to singular directions within the crystals: flat crystal surfaces are situated at well-proportioned angles to each other (law of the constancy of interfacial angles). crystal physics their physical attributes. People feel the need to discuss these concerns today. So the quality of the conference will be found in this sober searching rather than in a highly polished fanfare of performances. This would not be in accordance with the character of the end of the century. 1999 The Section for the Arts of Eurythmy. This means that the study of the inside of crystals leads to qualities that are connected to the outAnthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 er shape but point far beyond its finite limits. In this sense. “What one hears is never musical”. The questions. 11 . and the stillness is not a sign of the withdrawal of the creative forces. that is. the conference theme will be “The Inaudible in Music. The preparatory group would like to respond to the growing awareness and urgency. Speech and Music has spent years preparing the coming convention of music. However. whereas morphology expresses forming and global principles. Each of these aspects corresponds to a field of study within scientific crystallography: crystal morphology studies possible and actual shapes. it is of the greatest importance to actively contemplate one’s task and to seek out its renewing source. to review the great achievements of the last 90 years and to pose sober questions about the future. 120 or 180 degrees. Instead. which a gathering of artists such as this could easily be inspired to create. Renatus Ziegler. Actually the realism of spirit will play an ever more important role in the coming century. hardness. Every crystal has a bundle of singular directions which span all of space.School of Spiritual Science SECTION FOR THE ARTS OF E U R Y T H M Y. The conference therefore seeks no self-praise. 90. and by their variety of substances. for example) are not the same for all directions.und Polyedergeometrie im Lichte von Symmetrielehre und projektiver Geometrie. and to work in groups which will all have the same theme. no sensational performances. Nevertheless we are dismayed 75 years later when we realize how little understanding there is for the concept of the inaudible in professional music training. Eurythmy and Speech”.
because people will be participating who have made intensive professional studies of Goethe’s work. A public conference demands that the speakers make their individual connections to the theme accessible to the visitors – whether or not they are anthroposophists. What opportunities will there be. who has written a very well known book on evil) will offer a number of interesting aspects. 12 Anthroposophy Worldwide 2/1999 . Hendrik Birus (literary expert). some form of collaboration seemed obvious. since Goethe’s language is felt by some to be unscientific. since the conference program will also be sent to people who are connected with the Goethe Institute. Mackay: And if we succeed in getting closer to what Goethe has to say today for tomorrow. and the language critic Uwe Pörksen. But if one goes into it. Can you cite an example? Sam: Goethe used many synonyms. then the figurativeness of the formulation would at least still be conscious. causing inexactness. If one were to say “a gene behaves as if it were egotistic”. One must also have trust that people will draw towards one another in conversation. arriving at very interesting results. Goethe would have rejected it emphatically because it takes a word that belongs to the soul. Martina Maria Sam: It is also important that perspectives from anthroposophic work be included. who has devoted years to the question of how language absorbs content. I think that the speakers on this theme (the literary expert Herbert Anton and the writer Rüdiger Safranski. If one looks at Rudolf Steiner’s public lectures from this point of view. Goethe created a very mobile language which is nevertheless precise. Uwe Pörksen (language expert). This collaboration with the noted ambassador of German culture represents a special opportunity for the Goetheanum to create a forum for people who are interested in Goethe. Japanese and Dutch (August 8 – 13) and a Scandinavian language (August 17 – 22). besides the podium discussions and workshops. It took shape over a number of conversations. so that people realize: Goethe is not merely a historical figure – his spirit continues into the future. Anne Bohnenkamp-Renken (translation expert). who has made an extensive study in particular of the language in Goethe’s natural scientific writings. which is then always used. He describes the phenomena again and again from different points of view. Virginia Sease. Hans-Peter Dürr (natural scientist). I am extremely pleased with the speakers chosen for this theme (especially also from the point of view of the Goetheanum’s Section for the Humanities): Heinz Zimmermann. This will require some alertness from the moderators as well as the engagement of the participants. because today we have practically no moral values anymore which support us from outside. João Barrento (translation expert). “guilt” towards the other person always arises. representing the initiative group. What would make the conference a success in your estimation? Sam: If one could feel during the conference that discussion arises and that people are stimulated by this theme of Goethe and Faust. Also new will be simultaneous translations into French and English (July 21 – 26). What is the goal of this mutual Faust Conference? Does the Goetheanum have too little of its own to offer? Mackay: Important is that people come together to discuss the relevance of Goethe’s approach. But the figurativeness is veiled over in the expression “the egotistic gene”. J. the Goetheanum Faust Festival will host a joint conference with the Goethe Institute (July 13 – 18). in February 1999. The preparation was experienced as being mutually enriching. Wolfgang Schad (natural scientist). for example with regard to “Guilt and Freedom”? Sam: More or less every modern person has to deal with this question. In this interview Paul Mackay and Martina Maria Sam. And this is more true today than it has ever been. comment on their collaboration with the Goethe Institute and on the ideas behind the opening cycle. whereas the usual scientific language is abstract – it floats above reality. for example. The “egotism” of the gene is represented as a fact. Rüdiger Safranski (author). This goes against the kind of clarity that today’s science strives for. One popular term being used today is “the egotistic gene”. From the Goetheanum: Manfred Schmidt-Brabant. and the Goethe Institute carries German culture to the whole world. It is also a good opportunity for the Goetheanum’s Faust performances to become better known. David Hoffmann (Germanist). after a break. It is a question of “how”. Rudolf Prinz Zur Lippe (esthetics professor). I find this especially important. While contemporary scientific language aims to give a fact one definition. In following one’s individual path. Faust Info Telefon: +41/844/80 34 34 (Monday–Friday from 10:00 am to 17:00 pm local time). Did difficulties arise between anthroposophists and non-anthroposophists during the preparation? Mackay: No. one can see how he was able to portray even the deepest themes to the public. and Heinz Zimmermann. Another attribute of Goethe’s scientific writing is that he uses characterizations (as does Steiner). The lectures will offer substance. and drags it down to another level. This will happen through the congregation of a number of Goethe experts. The Conference will include contributions by Herbert Anton (literary expert). Where do you see the significance of the theme “Goethe’s Creative Language”? Sam: Goethe sought a certain language to express certain things. one realizes that Goethe’s language is correct and thus exact. I hope that they will provide a basis for real discussion. he tried not to use pictures that were too far removed from the sphere that he was dealing with. How did the idea of collaboration between the Goetheanum and the Goethe Institute arise? Paul Mackay: Since Goethe’s Faust is one of the greatest emissaries of German culture.Feature Meeting through Goethe Faust Conference – Collaborating with the Goethe Institute For the first time this summer. It is a public conference and not a members’ conference. But we have divided it: In the morning we will have the forty-minute lectures and then. Interviewed by S. “egotism”. I hope that it will be possible to speak to truly deep questions. How do you aim to demonstrate Goethe’s relevance. For example. the podium discussion. to come into dialogue? Is there a danger that the lectures will overpower and lame discussion? Mackay: That is always a risk.