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CONSTRUCTION DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS
MSc CEng CEnv MICE FCIWEM
AIM – ‘BIG PICTURE’:
HEALTH AND SAFETY, H&S : IN DESIGN, IN CONSTRUCTION IN USE
H&S aspects to be a normal part of project development, from the start, not an afterthought or ‘add-on’.
KEY AIM OF CDM 2007:
To integrate health and safety into the MANAGEMENT of the project, and To encourage everyone to work together to:
Improve planning & management from the start Identify hazards early on – eliminate/reduce them Manage remaining risks Target effort where it can do most good for H&S Discourage unnecessary bureaucracy To make H&S aspects a normal part of project development, not an afterthought or ‘add-on’.
THINK OF A SAFETY INCIDENT EXAMPLE
IN GROUPS OF 3 OR 4 : Share your experience of a past hazardous situation you know of, preferably related to construction, (or one that you can imagine)
WHAT COULD HAVE BEEN DONE TO PREVENT IT HAPPENING, OR REDUCE THE RISK OF IT HAPPENING?
EXAMPLE SAFETY INCIDENT
Use of a mobile crane at a harbour
MOVING FROM SPECIFIC EXAMPLE TO GENERAL PRINCIPLES
Reflect on the incidents you discussed previously, (and the cranes) Discuss in the groups what underlying / general principles you consider would help prevent bad health and safety incidents arising at work.
PRINCIPLES OF PREVENTION
avoid risks evaluate risks which cannot be avoided combat risks at source adapt work to the individual, especially as regards the design of workplaces, the choice of work equipment and the choice of working and production methods,
(1) Management of H&S at Work Regulations 1999, Schedule 1 (also Appendix 7 of the ACOP)
PRINCIPLES OF PREVENTION CONT’D
adapt to technical progress replace the dangerous by the non-dangerous or the less dangerous developing a coherent overall prevention policy which covers technology etc. give collective protective measures priority over individual protective measures give appropriate instructions/information to employees.
5 PARTS OF CDM REGULATIONS
Part 1 deals with definitions and application Parts 2 and 3 deal with Management and Design issues Part 2 – for ALL construction projects Part 3 – additional duties for ‘notifiable projects’ Part 4 deals with Work on ALL Construction Sites Part 5 is general matters relating to civil liability, transitional arrangements and amendments to other regulations
hse.gov. http://books.uk/hse/public/saleproduct.jsf?catalogueCode=9780717662234 ) This is a very important UK construction safety reference 6 .16/02/2013 SCHEDULES Schedule 1 deals with Notification Schedule 2 sets out requirements for welfare facilities Schedule 3 deals with inspection reports Schedule 4 & 5 deal with revocation of previous regulations APPROVED CODE OF PRACTICE The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM2007). in force from April 2007. An Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) provides practical guidance on complying with the duties set out in the Regulations : ‘Managing health and safety in construction Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 Approved Code of Practice’ (available as free download from HSE website.
demolition or dismantling of a structure.16/02/2013 APPLICATION The regulations apply to all ‘construction work’. de-commissioning. alteration. fitting out. upkeep. redecoration or other maintenance (including cleaning which involves the use of water or an abrasive at high pressure or the use of corrosive or toxic substances). Construction work has a very broad definition including a large range of building and civil engineering work. For example it including some repairs and work on fixed services: DEFINITION – CONSTRUCTION WORK “construction work” means the carrying out of any building. civil engineering or engineering construction work and includes (a) to (e): (a) the construction. repair. commissioning. renovation. 7 . conversion.
formed a structure. commissioning. computer or similar services which are normally fixed within or to a structure. repair or removal of mechanical.16/02/2013 DEFINITION – CONSTRUCTION WORK CONT’D (b) the preparation for an intended structure. including site clearance. investigation (but not site survey) and excavation. electrical. gas. telecommunications. compressed air. (c) the assembly on site of prefabricated elements to form a structure or the disassembly on site of prefabricated elements which. maintenance. DEFINITION – CONSTRUCTION WORK CONT’D (d) the removal of a structure or of any product or waste resulting from demolition or dismantling of a structure or from disassembly of prefabricated elements which immediately before such disassembly formed such a structure. and (e) the installation. exploration. hydraulic. immediately before such disassembly. and the clearance or preparation of the site or structure for use or occupation at its conclusion. 8 .
g. but it has. includes work you might not expect to be included. Note: Ground investigation work is deemed ‘construction work’ under these Regulations. business or an undertaking for whom a construction project They have responsibilities under the CDM Reg’s. But work such as erecting marquees. Some people think construction hasn’t yet started at this stage. DEFINITIONS FOR APPLICATION Project . tree planting.anything that includes construction work Construction Site – any place where construction work is carried out. internal partitions and surveying are not deemed ‘construction work’. E. incl Olympic park construction and minor works on a street Client –any person in trade.16/02/2013 DEFINITIONS FOR APPLICATION Construction work .very broad definition. 9 .
if construction work either: longer than 30 days duration.g. relates to homes) for work on their own or family home and not related to a trade or business.16/02/2013 APPLICATION . not the type of property.e.) DEFINITIONS FOR APPLICATION ‘Notifiable Projects’ (Health & Safety Executive. a Housing Association working on a domestic home would be a client under the CDM Regs. Part 3 of the CDM Reg’s applies only where a project is ‘notifiable’. HSE. but an individual having work done on the home they live in would not have such ‘client’ obligations. The type of client is critical. 20 people for 26 days would be 520 days.g. 10 . must be notified about them). OR involving more than 500 person days of work e. (e.CLIENTS Exception: a domestic client (i.
16/02/2013 How to determine application of CDM Regulations to construction work Yes Is the work for a domestic client? Domestic Non-Domestic Will construction phase be longer than 30 days? CDM Regulations Section 2 (except Regulations 8. 9 & 10 – Client’s Duties) and Section 4 Apply No Yes Yes Will construction involve more than 500 person days of work? No Non-Notifiable Notifiable CDM Regulations Sections 2 & 4 Apply All CDM Regulations Apply 2 MAIN AREAS OF CDM REG’S Design and Management – Parts 2 and 3 (previously CDM Regulations 1994) Part 2 – applies to all projects Part 3 – only applies to projects that are notifiable Construction Sites – Part 4 (previously CHSW Regulations 1996) 11 .
If you don’t realise the breadth of the definition.any person who. CDM DEFINITIONS .e. CDM co-ordinator – a person appointed by the client to co-ordinate design and planning.PEOPLE designer – a person in business who designs. contractor .16/02/2013 DEFINITIONS Definitions are important to understand in these CDM Regulations. you might think the CDM Reg’s don’t apply – but you’d be wrong and at risk of prosecution. they are often very broad i. principal contractor . as part of a trade or business carries out or manages construction work.a person appointed by the client to co-ordinate construction 12 . they include things that you might not normally associate with that word/phrase.
16/02/2013 CDM DEFINITIONS . but not planning stage design .very broad.MANAGEMENT construction phase .includes details. relates to any structure site rules – necessary for health and safety appropriate to the site and activities structure .time on site for construction.DOCUMENTS • • Pre-construction Information – information about the site Construction phase plan . includes scaffold and formwork workplace (not “place of work”) – as defined by the Workplace Regulations.a plan for health and safety arrangements for construction Health and safety file – a record of work carried out on a structure Planning and preparation – these activities carried out before the start of the construction phase 13 . other than a construction site CDM DEFINITIONS . calculations and specification.
g. To guard against people doing work they are not competent to do – and causing safety problems. Nobody shall accept an appointment unless they are competent Nobody shall instruct a worker unless the worker is competent or under the supervision of a competent person You as engineers will frequently give instructions to workers. e. if they sound OK & are cheaper.agreeing to do work e.g. designer. e. Competence etc. ‘No person shall appoint or arrange for a second person to design. contractor or principal contractor. if you are not capable of doing a task you accept. CDM co-ordinator. manage or carry out construction work without reasonably satisfying himself that the person appointed is competent. Underlying Principle: People should be competent to do the work they are given to do.16/02/2013 COMPETENCE ETC.g. you are breaking the regulations by doing it 14 .’ Not enough to rely on someone claiming they are competent. You will probably also accept appointments to do constructions work .
recognise their limitations and take action on risks – which comes from a track record Competence etc. The ACOP suggests a 2 stage process for assessing the competence of a company: Stage 1 – assessment of organisation and arrangements for health and safety Stage 2 – assessment of experience and track record to check it is capable of doing the work 15 .which comes from training Experience – allowing them to carry out their duties. The criteria: Knowledge – of the activities and risks . Competence means competence to perform the function required and to conduct the undertaking without contravening any prohibition.16/02/2013 Competence etc.
This includes non-notifiable projects 16 . In the case of individuals a similar 2 stage process is suggested: Stage 1 – assessment of the person’s knowledge Stage 2 – assessment of the individual’s experience and track record to check they are capable of doing the work CO-OPERATION AND CO-ORDINATION All persons will seek the co-operation of others and co-operate with others in the performance of their duties. All persons will co-ordinate their work with that of others. All persons will report hazards to their supervisors.16/02/2013 Competence etc.
16/02/2013 NON-NOTIFIABLE PROJECTS Not required to appoint a CDM coordinator Formal written H&S Plan may not be required (but may be for some circumstances) Health and Safety File not obligatory WRITTEN H&S PLAN MAY BE REQUIRED ON NON-NOTIFIABLE PROJECTS. Examples: Demolition – Always required Structural alterations Deep excavations. contaminated ground Unusual working methods Radiation or other health hazards High voltage electricity Work over water or diving Explosives Heavy lifting 17 .
avoid unrealistic deadlines Provide pre-construction information to designers and contractors See also the ACOP L144 CLIENTS TO ENSURE: EXTRA FOR NOTIFIABLE PROJECTS Appoint CDM co-ordinator* Appoint principal contractor* Make sure that the construction phase does not start unless there are suitable: welfare facilities. and – construction phase plan in place Provide information relating to the health and safety file to the CDM co-ordinator Retain and provide access to the health and safety file (* There must be a CDM co-ordinator and principal contractor until the end of the construction phase) 18 .16/02/2013 CLIENTS TO ENSURE – ALL PROJECTS Check competence and resources of all appointees Ensure there are suitable management arrangements for the project including welfare facilities Allow sufficient time and resources for all stages .
16/02/2013 CLIENTS TO ENSURE take reasonable steps to ensure that suitable management arrangements are in place throughout the life of the project so that the work can be carried out safely and without risk to health That all designers and contractors are provided with the project information. including the time allowed for preparation and planning Workplaces are designed in accordance with the workplace regulations Adequate welfare facilities are provided from the start CONTRACTORS: WELFARE FACILITIES Sanitary Conveniences (Toilets) Washing Facilities Drinking Water Changing Rooms and Lockers Facilities for Rest Schedule 2 of CDM 2007 Reg’s 19 .
16/02/2013 ELECTED SOLE CLIENT A client may make an election to the HSE to be treated as the only client for a project under the CDM Reg’s. Can be useful where multiple organisations meet the CDM definition of ‘Client’. but only one is serving as the effective client – so only they need to deal with the ‘Client’ responsibilities. except to provide relevant project information that they have. PRE-CONSTRUCTION INFORMATION PACK Information from a previous H & S file Information from surveys and relating to asbestos Information from initial design work Client arrangements and deadlines The time allowed for planning Information on existing structures – particularly for demolition or extension 20 . Other (potential) clients who have agreed in writing to this then have no responsibilities under the Reg’s.
The ACOP states that this will usually be the main or managing contractor of the project. ‘CDM 3 years on’ Inst Civil Eng’rs. Conception & Formulation Design Planning Phases of a Project Construction As soon as practicable after initial design and preparation has started Commissioning Use CDM Co-ordinator As soon as the client has sufficient knowledge Principal Contractor Construction Phase 21 . April 2011] •a principal contractor – This can be an organisation or an individual. [This is a topic of much debate in the industry e.There is no restriction on who is appointed as the CDM co-ordinator provided they are competent to perform that function in relation to the particular project.g.16/02/2013 WHEN NOTIFIABLE APPOINT: a CDM co-ordinator .
The client shall ensure that the construction phase does not start until a construction phase plan has been properly prepared by the principal contractor 22 .16/02/2013 The Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2007 Client CDM co-ordinator Construction Phase Plan Principal Contractor Execution Coordinator Planning Coordinator Designers Contractors CLIENTS SHALL (NOTIFIABLE PROJECTS) The Client shall promptly supply the CDM co-ordinator with the preconstruction information.
16/02/2013 CLIENTS SHALL (NOTIFIABLE PROJECTS) The clients should ensure the Heath and Safety File is prepared. or to pass on to a new owner. e. reviewed and held available.g. They should make it available to those needing information on the project for subsequent maintenance and alteration. as pre-construction information for the next project. CLIENTS DO NOT HAVE TO: Plan or manage construction work Specify how work is done Provide welfare facilities (but need to cooperate with & assist contractor to do so) Check designs Visit the site Employ third party safety assessors to monitor H&S Subscribe to third party competence assessment schemes 23 .
16/02/2013 DESIGNERS Can be ‘designers’ under CDM even if not formally appointed Anyone who contributes to design is a designer (even if not paid for) Designers who employ other designers remain responsible Design is design. shopfitters Heritage organisations specifying how remedial work is done 24 . it may count as design under CDM EXAMPLES OF DESIGNERS Designers and manufactures of purpose made items for a structure or of building services forming part of a structure A Quantity Surveyor specifying a particular material A Client specifying a building layout A buyer purchasing materials where the choice is left open Contractors contributing to design detail Temporary works designers Interior designers. even if not recorded Even if ‘design’ work is not in writing.
4 “abilities” of designers are to improve:–Buildability –Accessibility –Usability –Maintainability DESIGNERS TO MAKE CLIENTS AWARE Designers shall not commence a design unless the client is aware of the duties placed upon the client by these regulations. In practice designer needs to have evidence client is aware e. but is a duty on all of them.g. This is aimed primarily at the initial or main designer. or checking another party has done so. by telling client about his duties in writing. 25 .16/02/2013 DESIGNERS ABILITIES INCLUDE The “ability” of designers to reduce the risk to the health and safety of those for whom the design is done.
favoured Written information with the design Example of potential construction sequences where relevant – as a co-ordination contribution. Significant risks that require attention are those which may not be obvious to a competent contractor Information should be brief & concise and may be in any form including: Notes on drawings . cleaning windows or other glass e. 26 . and Giving collective measures priority over individual measures DESIGN INFORMATION Information should be project specific and avoid generic and trivial matters. carrying out maintenance e. using the structure as a workplace By: Eliminating hazards.g. Also users: e.16/02/2013 DESIGNERS DUTY TO AVOID RISK To avoid risk to those carrying out or affected by construction work.g. and Reducing risks from remaining hazards.g.
27 . Provide information about the design and in relation to the health and safety file to the CDM co-ordinator.16/02/2013 DESIGNERS TO CO-ORDINATE Integrated design team Appointment of a lead designer Take a common/shared approach to risk Regular design meetings Periodic design reviews Site visits EXTRA FOR NOTIFIABLE PROJECT Designers shall not start work (other than initial design work) unless a CDM coordinator has been appointed Designer shall then co-operate fully with that CDM Co-ordinator.
with an emphasis on limiting paperwork. information for the construction phase plan.16/02/2013 DESIGNERS DO NOT HAVE TO: Take into account unforeseeable risks and future use of the structure that cannot reasonably be anticipated Specify construction methods except where necessary Exercise health and safety management over contractors or others Consider trivial risks Keep detailed records of their health and safety decisions (design risk assessments). Brief notes are encouraged. and 28 . Facilitate good communications between client/designer/contractors Liaise with the principal contractor regarding design development the health and safety file.DUTIES Advise the client on how to comply with the regulations Notify HSE co-ordinate H&S aspects of design work and co-operate with all parties concerned with the project. CDM CO-ORDINATOR .
the principal contractor and all relevant contractors Liaise with designers to ensure they comply with their duties Co-ordinate co-operation between designers and the principal contractor regarding design changes Prepare or update the health and safety file and hand it to the client THE AIM OF PRE-CONSTRUCTION INFORMATION To provide: The right information for the right people at the right time 29 .16/02/2013 CDM CO-ORDINATOR – DUTIES CONT’D Identify and collect the project information and provide it to the designers.
Buildability Reviewing design changes and late designs Considering temporary works and falsework etc.16/02/2013 CDM C: ADVICE TO THE CLIENT ON Compliance with the regulations Management arrangements Competence and appointments Adequacy of the construction phase plan and welfare facilities CDM C is a key way to help Clients show they are doing their duties under CDM. but they remain Client responsibilities CDM C: INFORMATION FLOW Co-ordination design Design reviews – e.g. – note principal contractor has primary responsibility for implementation stage 30 .
and a declaration by him that he is aware of his duties Details of the co-ordinator Details of the principal contractor Start date for construction Time allowed for planning and preparation by the principal contractor Duration of construction Size of workforce and details of contractors and designers selected Above enables the HSE to decide if they want to visit the site and provides evidence planning is being done. CDM CO-ORDINATORS DO NOT HAVE TO Approve appointments (only advise) Approve or check designs (only ensure risks are addressed) Approve or supervise implementation of the construction phase plan Supervise construction work 31 .16/02/2013 CDM C: NOTIFY THE HSE – REQUIRED INFO’ Date of submission Address of the site Name of the local authority Details of the project Details of the client.
allowing time for preparation and planning Ensure contractors are given further information in order that work can be carried out without health and safety risk to anyone Advise contractors on information required for the healthy and safety file and ensure it is supplied to the coordinator 32 .16/02/2013 PRINCIPAL CONTRACTOR DUTIES Plan. Draw up site rules Give directions to contractors Inform all contractors of the amount of time allowed for planning and preparation PRINCIPAL CONTRACTOR DUTIES Consult contractors regarding the relevant part of the construction phase plan Give the construction phase plan to contractors. manage and monitor construction work without risks to health and safety. Liaise with the co-ordinator (and designers) regarding design changes Ensure welfare facilities are provided.
review and implement the construction phase plan Co-operate and consult with workers. Satisfy themselves that contractors and designers they appoint are competent and adequately resourced.16/02/2013 PRINCIPAL CONTRACTOR DUTIES Display the notification information sent to the HSE Prevent unauthorised access to the site Ensure all workers are supplied with Induction and other training Prepare. • PRIN’ CONTR’: ACCESS CONSIDERATIONS Rights of way Other work areas adjacent Occupation of part of the site by others Children nearby Managing areas affected by contamination or asbestos 33 .
traffic routes Security arrangements Protection zones and equipment Housekeeping and materials storage Welfare facilities Emergency procedures First aid Reporting of accidents Training.16/02/2013 PR’ C: RESPONSIBLE FOR INDUCTION TRAINING E. 34 . permit-to work systems. safety representatives and committees Individual responsibilities PRINCIPAL CONTRACTORS DO NOT HAVE TO undertake detailed supervision of the work of other contractors not appointed by them. Management commitment to health and safety Outline of the project Line manages and key personnel Site specific risks Site control measures. toolbox talks Trade unions.G. rules.
updated April 2012) 35 . manage and monitor construction work without risks to health and safety Not commence work unless the client is aware of the duties placed upon the client by these regulations.16/02/2013 CONTRACTORS DUTIES Plan. as a responsible person under the RIDDOR Regulations (the Reporting of Injuries. CONTRACTORS DUTIES Act as a designer where relevant Comply with Part 4 of the Regulations where relevant Co-operate and co-ordinate with others Consult with the workforce Obtain specialist advice where necessary Report accidents etc. Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995. (tell the client his duties) Provide information and training Take reasonable steps to prevent unauthorised access Ensure welfare facilities are provided.
provide the principal contractor with information required for the health and safety file.16/02/2013 CONTRACTORS TRAINING Site induction (as previous) Information from the contractor’s risk assessments Risks from another contractor Measures with which workers need to comply Site rules Danger procedures Identity of persons implementing danger procedures Training required by MHSW Regs CONTRACTORS: EXTRA IF PROJECT NOTIFIABLE provide the principal contractor with any information which may affect health or safety comply with directions of the principal contractor. carry out work in accordance with the construction phase plan notify the principal contractor of necessary alterations to the construction phase plan Co-operate with the principal contractor. CDM co-ordinator and others. provide the principal contractor with information regarding any accident or dangerous occurrence. 36 .
16/02/2013 CONTRACTORS: WELFARE FACILITIES As previous slide: Sanitary Conveniences (Toilets) Washing Facilities Drinking Water Changing Rooms and Lockers Facilities for Rest Schedule 2 of CDM 2007 Reg’s PRE-CONSTRUCTION INFORMATION Description of Project Client’s considerations and management requirements Environmental restrictions and existing onsite risks Significant design and construction hazards The health and safety file (from previous works) 37 .
and ensure it is implemented correctly. The principal contractor should review and revise the plan as appropriate during construction. THE CONSTRUCTION PHASE PLAN Description of Project Management of the work Including Site Rules Arrangements for controlling significant site risks The health and safety file Appendix 3 of the ACOP 38 . so far as is reasonably practical.16/02/2013 THE CONSTRUCTION PHASE PLAN The plan is prepared by the principal contractor before the start of the construction phase. must be sufficient to allow construction work to be carried out. with no risk to health and safety.
16/02/2013 THE HEALTH AND SAFETY FILE The health and safety file is prepared by the CDM co-ordinator. The file is passed to the client at the end of the construction phase. THE HEALTH AND SAFETY FILE Description of the work Residual hazards Key structural principals Hazardous materials used Information on plant and equipment including lifting and cleaning Services As built drawings 39 . and held by them. Should include information needed during any future construction work. principal contractor and contractors. or where a previous file exists he reviews and updates it in respect of this project work. to ensure the health and safety of any persons in that future work. will include information from the client. CDM co-ordinator.
40 . Every person at work will report a health and safety defect to their supervisor.16/02/2013 CONSTRUCTION SITES – CDM 2007 PART 4 (previously CHSW Construction H&S at Work Regulations 1996) APPLICATION – VERY WIDE All contractors and every person carrying out or controlling construction work shall comply with this section of the Regulations.
Timber with projecting nails will not be used or allowed. The site will have an identified perimeter or be fenced off or both.16/02/2013 SAFE PLACES OF WORK Every place of work shall: have safe access to and egress from be made and kept safe have access prevented if it is not safe have sufficient space for the work GOOD ORDER AND SITE SECURITY R27 The site will be kept in a reasonable state of cleanliness. 41 .
Temporary structures shall be adequately designed and only used for the intended purpose. Structures shall not be loaded unsafely. 42 . DEMOLITION OR DISMANTLING R29 To be planned and carried out safely and the arrangements recorded in writing before work begins.16/02/2013 STABILITY OF STRUCTURES R28 New or existing structures must not be allowed to become unstable.
satisfactory inspections are to be carried out before work starts. EXCAVATIONS R31 Steps to be taken to prevent danger. at the start of shift. transported and used safely. including support or battering where necessary to ensure excavations do not collapse no material falls from or into the excavation no person is buried or trapped ground adjacent is not overloaded Where support or battering is provided. after any event affecting stability and after any fall of material. 43 .16/02/2013 EXPLOSIVES R30 To be stored. and persons protected from flying material.
A company and its management were prosecuted for corporate manslaughter a few years ago for this sort of incident. equipped for shelter and escape. at the start of shift and after any event affecting stability. then suddenly. COFFERDAMS AND CAISSONS R32 Such structures will be suitably designed.16/02/2013 EXCAVATIONS DO COLLAPSE Many unsupported excavations have a tendency to stay open for quite a long time. Satisfactory inspections are to be carried out before work starts. properly maintained. 44 . in which an engineering geologist died when a fairly shallow trench collapsed onto him. the sides collapse! People have been killed or maimed in this situation.
Regular inspections at start of shift will only require a report once every 7 days. Reports are to be kept for inspection by an HSE Inspector at the site until work is complete plus 3 moths after that. 45 . THE REPORT WILL CONTAIN: Name and address of the person for whom the inspection is carried out Location of the place of work Description of the place of work plus equipment and materials Date and time of inspection Any matters identified that give rise to risk Action taken in relation to risk identified Further action required Name and position of inspector. A copy of the report is to be provided within 24 hours. and sent to the HSE Inspector if required. and inform the person for whom the inspection is carried out if he is not satisfied. This clarifies individuals who have responsibility.16/02/2013 REPORTS OF INSPECTIONS R33 The inspector will (by the end of the shift in which the inspection is made) prepare a report.
16/02/2013 COFFERDAM – CASEY CANAL COFFERDAM . If someone tells you sheet piles are waterproof/impermeable.NEW BAY BRIDGE Photo by Don Taylor PS. remember this photo! 46 .
Provide safe transport over water and do not overcrowd or overload vessels. and measures to be taken including Moving cables away Isolating power and earthing Providing barriers.16/02/2013 R34 ENERGY DISTRIBUTION INSTALLATIONS (POWER CABLES ETC. including suspended barriers for overhead cables or other measures No work liable to risk from underground services to be started until suitable steps taken to prevent such risk (SoFARP). minimise risk of drowning from such a fall. provide rescue equipment. checked and marked. PREVENTION OF DROWNING R35 Prevent persons from falling into liquid. 47 .) To be located.
16/02/2013 WORKING OVER WATER Photo: Don Taylor New Bay Bridge Skyway ALSO WORKING OVER WATER!! 48 .
NB.16/02/2013 OR WORKING NEAR WATER! TRAFFIC ROUTES R36 Site organisation to be such that pedestrians and traffic can move safely. Traffic routes to be suitable so they can be safely used. checked. Take account of segregation of site areas for contamination 49 . maintained and free from obstructions. pedestrians and vehicles to be separated so that pedestrians can see hazards and are protected from vehicles. Pedestrian access to loading bays and separate gates for pedestrians. Routes to be properly signed.
No unofficial passengers in or on vehicles.16/02/2013 TRAFFIC SEGREGATION – VEHICLES FROM PEOPLE VEHICLES R37 Unintended movement of vehicles prevented. Prevention of vehicles falling into excavations etc. operated. towed and loaded in a safe manner. Vehicles to be driven. Warnings given to people at risk from vehicles. No person on or in a vehicle during loading or unloading unless protected. 50 .
tested regularly and made accessible and signed.16/02/2013 PREVENTION OF RISK FROM FIRE ETC. (Note: applies to site during construction. not just for the final building/structure.e.) Training and instruction to be given. R38 Suitable & sufficient steps to be taken in respect of fire. flooding and asphyxiation. The normal fire authorities (i. detection and alarms to be provided. not the HSE) are the enforcing authority where persons other than those carrying out construction work occupy the site or part of it. 51 . FIRE DETECTION AND FIREFIGHTING R41 Fire-fighting equipment.
Note: Emergency routes often change as construction changes the site situation – so signage etc of routes also needs to change. number of persons involved and materials on site. kept free from obstruction. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES R39 Where necessary emergency arrangements to be prepared and implemented in relation to the type of work. size and nature of the site.16/02/2013 EMERGENCY ROUTES AND SIGNS R40 Emergency routes to safe areas to be: provided. 52 . lit. and signed. equipment used. People to be familiar with the arrangements Training and testing of arrangements to be carried out.
R43 Indoor temperatures to be reasonable. areas with volatile vapours or exhaust gasses. confined spaces. TEMPERATURE AND WEATHER PROTECTION. with regard to protective clothing or equipment provided. (Note: not too hot or too cold) Outdoor workplaces to be protected from weather.16/02/2013 FRESH AIR R42 All work places to have sufficient fresh air. 53 . Sounds obvious but sometimes requires substantial ventilation plant to achieve Examples: top-down basement excavations. tunnels Plant which provides fresh air to have warning system in case of failure.
Artificial light (of neutral colour) to be provided where natural light is insufficient. traffic routes to be provided with sufficient lighting.16/02/2013 LIGHTING R44 Places of work. access. END OF PART 4 CDM 2007 REGS 54 .
16/02/2013 QUESTIONS? ? 55 .
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