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52
NUMERICAL SIMULATION UNIDIRECTIONAL CHAOTIC SYNCHRONIZATION OF
ROSSLER CIRCUIT AND ITS APPLICATION FOR SECURE COMMUNICATION
1
A. Sambas,
2
M. Sanjaya.W. S, Halimatussadiyah
1
Department of Physics, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati, Indonesia
Email: acenx.bts@gmail.com
2
Bolabot Techno Robotic School, Sanjaya Star Group, Bandung, Indonesia
Email: madasws@gmail.com
Abstract:
Synchronization is considered as the complete coincidence of the states of individual systems. Such a
regime can result from an interaction between systems or subsystems, as well as from the influence of external noisy
or regular fields. In this paper, we have construct design and numerical simulation to synchronize Rossler circuit and
apply the security system of communication. We have demonstrated in simulations that chaos can be synchronized
and applied to signal masking communications by using MATLAB and MultiSIM programs. All simulations results
performed on Rossler system are verify the applicable of secure communication.
Keywords: Chaos, Chaotic synchronization, Unidirectional coupling, Rossler circuit, Secure communication,
Numerical simulation.
Graphical Abstract:
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC3
15V
U1A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
C1
1nF
IC=0V
R1
2MΩ
U2A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R2
5MΩ
C2
1nF
IC=0V
R3
200kΩ
VCC2
9V
R4
100kΩ
U3A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U4A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
VCC1
9V
R5
10kΩ
R6
50kΩ
R7
10kΩ
R8
10kΩ
D1
1N4937
R9
68kΩ
U5A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R10
100kΩ
R11
150kΩ R12
100kΩ
C3
1nF
IC=0V
VCC1
9V
XSC1
A B
Ext Tri g
+
+
_
_
+
_
VCC
9V
R13
100kΩ
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology
Vol1,Issue2, 2012, p5261.
Article information:
Article Received: 12 July 2012 Article Accepted: 26 Nov 2012
Article Online: 11 December, 2012
Journal homepage: www.thescitechpub.com
Article No: STJST201212007
DOI:…………………………..
Research Article
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
53
Introduction:
Chaotic behavior has been found in many typical iterated maps such as the logistic map, Gaussian map, Hénon
map etc.In various physical systems, including the Jerk circuit [1], Sprott circuit [2] and hyper chaotic Rossler
circuit [3].
One of the pioneers of synchronization is probably the Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens. In the 17th century
he described an observation of two pendulum clocks, both attached to the same beam that was supported by two
chairs, that always end up swinging in opposite direction independent of their starting positions, Even when he
applied a disturbance the two clocks showed antiphase synchronized motion within half an hour [45].
Besides synchronization of pendulum clocks, a vast number of examples of synchronization of coupled
oscillators can be found in nature, especially amongst living animals. Great examples are the simultaneous chirping
of crickets and the synchronous flashing of fireflies on banks of rivers in Malaysia, Thailand and New Guinea. With
this flashing in unison male fireflies try to attract female species on the other side of the river. Synchronization does
also occur in brain dynamics where individual neurons are firing their action potentials at the same time [4].
Synchronization of chaotic oscillators in particular became popular when Pecora and Carroll published their
observations of synchronization in unidirectionally coupled chaotic systems [6]. Their results were remarkable since
chaos can be seen as a form of instability while synchronization implies stability of the error dynamics [4]. The
research in synchronization of couple chaotic circuits is carried out intensively and some interesting applications
such as communications with chaos have come out of that research.
In this paper, has been used a simple electronic circuit in the development scheme of chaosbased secure
communication system with two circuit are coupling. First, we examine separately each oscillator circuit to study the
dynamic behavior when varying one parameter, this research has been done before. Furthermore, the developed
synchronization effect in the two systems is coupling and the parameter of the synchronization of two chaotic
systems. Finally, applying the theory of chaos synchronization in secure communication system, using the parameter
of the chaos and chaos synchronization scheme made the circuit as well as numerical simulations based
communication security system chaotic signal.
Mathematical Models of Chaotic Rossler Circuit:
One of the autonomous non linear circuits is Rossler circuit [610]. The one nonlinearity in the circuit is a
piecewise linier function made from op amp U4A with diode, 3 resistors and a diode.The Rossler electronic circuits
are describe by the following equations [6]:
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
`
¹
+ − − =
+ − − − =
+ + Γ − =
) ) ( (
) 02 . 0 (
) (
z x g
dt
dz
z y x
dt
dy
z y x
dt
dx
α
γ α
λ β α
(1)
The piecewise linear function g(x) is defined by:
¹
´
¦
−
=
) 3 (
0
) (
x
x g
µ
)
`
¹
>
≤
3
3
x
x
(2)
Where time factor is
4
10
1 −
s , Γ is 0.05, β is 0.5, λ is 1, µ is 15 and the circuit contains a variable resistor
that can be used to change the value of γ . The relation between the value Rc of the variable resistor and γ . is R/Rc,
with R=10kΩ. Rc=R
6
is a control parameter which exhibit bifurcation and chaotic dynamics.
The complete implementation of the Rossler chaotic circuit design using MultiSIM software is shown in Figure
3. The function of nonlinear resistor as see in figure 3, are implemented with the analog operational amplifier. By
comparing figure 1, and figure 2, it can be concluded that a good qualitative agreement between the numerical
integration of (1) and (2) using MATLAB, and the circuits simulation using MultiSIM.
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
54
(a)Phase Potrait (X,Y) (b)Time Series(X,Y)
Figure 1: Numerical simulation results for Rc = 50 kΩ
(a)Phase Potrait (X,Y) (b)Time Series(X,Y)
Figure 2: Numerical simulation results for Rc = 50 kΩ
Figure 3: Schematic Circuit Rossler Circuit
Unidirectional Chaotic Synchronization and Analysis Circuit:
There are two main forms of coupling, which is unidirectional masterslave systems (MasterSlave), where the
master is the guide or reference system and the slave is driven system which is dependent on the master. In the case
of bidirectional two systems interact and are coupled with each other creating a mutual synchronization.
The overall system consists of two subsystems coupled by a configure ration masterslave type. This implies that
the slave system behavior depends on the behavior of the master, while the latter is not influenced by the behavior of
the slave system. As a result, the slave system is forced to follow the dynamics (or a specific function of the
dynamics) of the master. In other words, when evolution of one of the two systems is not altered by coupling the
resulting configures ration is a unidirectional coupling.
Based on system (3) and (4), a master system in function of (x
1
,y
1
,z
1
) and a slave systems in function of (x
2
,y
2
,z
2
),
can be designed. The slave systems, once it was coupled, it will be in function of (x
2
, y
2
, z
2
, x
1
). The state equations
that describe the systems master and slave, both of them coupled, are
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4
8
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
x
y
0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.02
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
x
y
Time series circuit Rossler
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC3
15V
U1A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
C1
1nF
IC=0V
R1
2MΩ
U2A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R2
5MΩ
C2
1nF
IC=0V
R3
200kΩ
VCC2
9V
R4
100kΩ
U3A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U4A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
VCC1
9V
R5
10kΩ
R6
50kΩ
R7
10kΩ
R8
10kΩ
D1
1N4937
R9
68kΩ
U5A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R10
100kΩ
R11
150kΩ R12
100kΩ
C3
1nF
IC=0V
VCC1
9V
XSC1
A B
Ext Tri g
+
+
_
_ + _
VCC
9V
R13
100kΩ
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
55
¦
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
¦
`
¹
+ − − =
+ − − − =
+ + Γ − =
) ) ( (
) 02 . 0 (
) (
1 1
1
1 1 1
1
1 1 1
1
z x g
dt
dz
z y x
dt
dy
z y x
dt
dx
Master
α
γ α
λ β α
(3)
¹
´
¦
−
=
) 3 (
0
) (
1
1
x
x g
µ
)
`
¹
>
≤
3
3
1
1
x
x
¦
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
¦
`
¹
+ − − =
+ − − − =
− + + + Γ − =
) ) ( (
) 02 . 0 (
) ( ) (
2 2
2
2 2 2
2
2 1 2 2 2
2
z x g
dt
dz
z y x
dt
dy
x x g z y x
dt
dx
Slave
c
α
γ α
λ β α
(4)
¹
´
¦
−
=
) 3 (
0
) (
2
2
x
x g
µ
)
`
¹
>
≤
3
3
2
2
x
x
With g
c
= 1/R
c
the coupling strength and R
c
are variable resistors, see Figure. 5. The asymptotic synchronized
situation is defined as:
0 ) ( ) ( lim
2 1
= −
→∞
t x t x
t
The dynamic error system is defined as follows:
¦
)
¦
`
¹
− =
− =
− =
2 1
2 1
2 1
z z e
y y e
x x e
z
y
x
(5)
The time derivative of this error signal is:
¦
)
¦
`
¹
− =
− =
− =
2 1
2 1
2 1
z z e
y y e
x x e
z
y
x
& & &
& & &
& & &
(6)
By substituting (3) and (4) into (6), we have the following error dynamics:
) ( )) ( ( ) (
2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1
x x g z y x z y x e
c x
− + + + Γ − − + + Γ − = λ β α λ β α &
) ( ))
2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1
x x g z y x z y x
c
− + + + Γ − + − − Γ − = αλ αβ α αλ αβ α
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
x x g z z y y x x
c
− + − − − − − Γ − = αλ αβ α
z y x c
e e e g αλ αβ α − − + Γ − = ) (
)) 02 . 0 ( ( ) 02 . 0 (
2 2 2 1 1 1
z y x z y x e
y
+ − − − − + − − − = γ α γ α &
(7)
)) 02 . 0 ) 02 . 0
2 2 2 1 1 1
z y x z y x α αγ α α αγ α + − − − + =
z y x
e e e 02 . 0 α αγ α − + =
)) ) ( ( ( ) ) ( (
2 2 1 1
z x g z x g e
z
+ − − − + − − = α α &
)) ) ( ) (
2 2 1 1
z x g z x g α α α α + − − =
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
56
g z
e e α α + − =
Where e
g
= g(x
1
)  g(x
2
)
With the objective to demonstrate synchronization, we analyze the stability of dynamic error system. Thus, we
propose the following candidate function to Lyapunov function:
) (
2
1
2 2 2
z y x
e e e V + + =
(8)
Derive equation (8), is obtained:
)
z z y y x x
e e e e e e V & & &
&
+ + =
x z y x c
e e e e g ) ) ( αλ αβ α − − + Γ − =
y z y x
e e e e ) 02 . 0 ( α αγ α − + +
z g z
e e e ) ( α α + −
(
(
(
¸
(
¸
(
(
(
¸
(
¸
−
− −
− Γ
(
(
(
¸
(
¸
=
z
y
x c
T
z
y
x
e
e
e g
e
e
e
V
α αµ
α αγ α
αλ αβ α
0
02 . 0
&
0 < − = Ae e V
T
&
This is a negative definite function. It means that the dynamic error system (7) is asymptotically stable and,
therefore, each one of synchronization errors, e
x
, e
y
and e
z
, tends to zero as t tends to infinite. If synchronization
errors tends to zero, then the states from slave system tend to those from master system, which means that they
synchronize.
4. Numerical Simulations:
4.1 Simulation MATLAB:
First synchronization between identical systems is considered. We consider coupling through
g
c
= 1/R
c
. It can be seen in figure 4. That synchronization occurs if R
c
does not exceed 10 mΩ.
(a) R
c
= 1 Ω
(b) R
c
= 100 mΩ
(c) R
c
=10 mΩ
Figure 4: Unidirectional chaotic synchronization numerical results
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
x1
x
2
Unidirectional Chaotic Synchronization
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
2
1
0
1
2
3
t
e
=
x
1

x
2
Eror syncronization
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
x1
x
2
Unidirectional Chaotic Synchronization
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
1
0.5
0
0.5
1
t
e
=
x
1

x
2
Eror syncronization
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
x1
x
2
Unidirectional Chaotic Synchronization
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
0.02
0
0.02
t
e
=
x
1

x
2
Eror syncronization
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
57
Synchronization numerically appears for a coupling strength R
c
≤ 10 mΩ as shown in figure 4. For different
initial condition, if the resistance coupling strength R
c
>10 mΩ, the synchronization cannot occur as shown in figure
4 (a)(b), the synchronization occurs when R
c
≤ 10 mΩ with errors
0
2 1
→ − = x x e
x
imply the complete
synchronization for this resistance coupling strength as shown in figure 4 (c).
4.2 Analog Circuit Simulation
Simulation results show that the two systems synchronize well. Figure 5 shows the circuit schematic for
implementing the unidirectional synchronization of Rossler system. We use 741 opamps, appropriate valued
resistors, one diode and capacitors for MultiSIM simulations. Figure 6 also shows MultiSIM simulation results of
this circuit.
Figure 5: Unidirectional chaotic synchronization Rossler circuit
(a) R
c
=1kΩ (b) R
c
=100 Ω
(c) R
c
=10 Ω (d) R
c
=1 Ω
(e) R
c
=100 mΩ (f) R
c
=10 mΩ
U6A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U7A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U8A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U9A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U10A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R15
50kΩ
R16
10kΩ
R17
100kΩ
R18
10kΩ
R19
100kΩ
R20
5MΩ
R21
100kΩ
R22
68kΩ
R23
200kΩ
R24
10kΩ
R25
2MΩ
R26
100kΩ
R27
150kΩ
C4
1nF
C5
1nF
C6
1nF
VCC2
9V
D1
1N4937
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC3
15V
U1A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U2A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U3A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U4A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U5A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R2
100kΩ
R3
100kΩ
R4
68kΩ
R6
2MΩ
R8
5MΩ
R9
100kΩ
R10
100kΩ
R11
50kΩ
R12
10kΩ
R13
10kΩ
R14
10kΩ
R28
150kΩ
C1
1nF
C2
1nF
C3
1nF
D2
1N4937
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC3
15V
R7
200kΩ
XSC1
A B
Ext Tri g
+
+
_
_ + _
R1
10mΩ
U11A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
58
Figure 6: Unidirectional chaotic synchronization phase portrait MultiSIM simulation results
Synchronization with MultiSIM simulation appears for a coupling strength R
c
≤ 10 mΩ as shown in figure 6 (f)
For different initial condition, if the resistance coupling strength R
c
> 10 mΩ, the synchronization cannot occur as
shown in figure 6 (a)(e), the synchronization occurs when R
c
≤ 10 mΩ with errors
0
2 1
→ − = x x e
x
imply the
complete synchronization for this resistance coupling strength as shown in figure 6 (f).
5. Application for Secure Communication Systems:
5.1 Simulation MATLAB
Consider the rescaled Rossler system as the transmitter:
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
`
¹
+ − − =
+ − − − =
+ + Γ − =
) ) ( (
) 02 . 0 (
) (
1 1
1
1 1 1
1
1 1 1
1
z x g
dt
dz
z y x
dt
dy
z y x
dt
dx
α
γ α
λ β α
(9)
¹
´
¦
−
=
) 3 (
0
) (
1
1
x
x g
µ
)
`
¹
>
≤
3
3
1
1
x
x
Receiver
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
`
¹
+ − − =
+ − − − =
+ + Γ − =
) ) ( (
) 02 . 0 (
) (
2 2
2
2 2 2
2
2 2 2
2
z x g
dt
dz
z y x
dt
dy
z y x
dt
dx
α
γ α
λ β α
(10)
¹
´
¦
−
=
) 3 (
0
) (
2
2
x
x g
µ
)
`
¹
>
≤
3
3
2
2
x
x
Sinusoidal wave signal recovery. To study the effectiveness of signal masking approach in the Rossler system,
we first set the informationbearing signal i(t) in the form of sinusoidal wave:
t A t i ω sin ) ( =
Where and are the amplitude and the normalized frequency of the sinusoidal wave signal. Respectively [11].
Due to the fact that output signal can recover input signal, it indicates that it is possible to implement secure
communication for a chaotic system. The presence of the chaotic signal between the transmitter and receiver has
proposed the use of chaos in secure communication systems [12].
The sinusoidal wave signals of amplitude 1 V and frequency 2 kHz is added to the generated chaotic x signal
and the S(t) = x + i(t) is feed into the receiver. The chaotic x signal is regenerated allowing a single subtraction to
retrieve the transmitted signal, [x + i(t)]  xr = i’(t), If x = xr. Fig. 7 (ac) shows the MATLAB numerical simulation
results for chaotic masking communication
(a)
0 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 0.01
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
Time(s)
i(t)
Information signal i(t)
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
59
(b) (c)
Figure 7: MATLAB simulation of Rossler circuit masking communication systems (a) Information signal i(t),
(b)Chaotic masking transmitted signal S(t), (c) Retrieved signal i’(t).
Analog Circuit Simulation:
In chaosbased secure communication schemes, information signals are masked or modulated (encrypted) by
chaotic signals at the transmitter and the resulting encrypted signals are sent to the corresponding receiver across a
public channel (unsafe channel). Perfect chaos synchronization is usually expected to recover the original
information signals. In other words, the recovery of the information signals requires the receiver’s own copy of the
chaotic signals which are synchronized with the transmitter ones. Thus, chaos synchronization is the key technique
throughout this whole process [8]. Figure 8 shows the circuit schematic of implementing the Rossler circuit Chaotic
Masking Communication.
Numerical simulation MultiSIM results for several different frequencies are shown in figure 9, Figure 9 shows
the simulation results MultiSIM for masking signal communication system by varying the input frequency
information, the red signal describes the wave information signal i (t), the green signal describes the transmitted
chaotic masking signal S (t). and the purple signal describes the retrieved signal i’(t).
The simulation results shows that circuit autonomous Rossler is an excellent for chaotic masking communication
when the frequency is at intervals of 0.2 kHz  9KHz. Otherwise, when the frequency is more than 9 kHz and less
than 0.2 kHz is not good encryption to be made for secure communication system.
Figure 8: Rossler circuit masking communication circuit.
0 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 0.01
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
Time(s)
S
(t)
chaotic masking transmitted signal S(t)
0 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 0.01
1.5
1
0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
Time(s)
i’(t)
retrieved signal i’(t)
U6A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U7A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U8A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U9A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U10A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R15
50kΩ
R16
10kΩ
R17
100kΩ
R18
10kΩ
R19
100kΩ
R20
5MΩ
R21
100kΩ
R22
68kΩ
R23
200kΩ
R24
10kΩ
R25
2MΩ
R26
100kΩ
R27
150kΩ
C4
1nF
C5
1nF
C6
1nF
VCC2
9V
D1
1N4937
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC3
15V
U1A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U2A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U3A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U4A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
U5A
TL082CD
3
2
4
8
1
R2
100kΩ
R3
100kΩ
R4
68kΩ
R6
2MΩ
R8
5MΩ
R9
100kΩ
R10
100kΩ
R11
50kΩ
R12
10kΩ
R13
10kΩ
R14
10kΩ
R28
150kΩ
C1
1nF
C2
1nF
C3
1nF
D2
1N4937
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
VCC3
15V
R7
200kΩ
XSC1
A B
Ext Trig
+
+
_
_ + _
U11A
TL082CD 3
2
4
8
1
VCC2
9V
VCC1
9V
R1
10mΩ
U12
OPAMP_3T_VIRTUAL
U13
OPAMP_3T_VIRTUAL
U14
OPAMP_3T_VIRTUAL
R5
1kΩ
R29
125kΩ
R30
1kΩ R31
1kΩ
R32
1kΩ
R33
1kΩ
R35
1kΩ
U15
OPAMP_3T_VIRTUAL
U16
OPAMP_3T_VIRTUAL
R34
1kΩ
R36
1kΩ
R37
1kΩ
R38
1kΩ
XSC2
A B
Ext Tri g
+
+
_
_ + _
V1
1 Vpk
2kHz
0°
XSC3
A B
Ext Trig
+
+
_
_ + _
The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
60
(a)
(b) (c)
Figure 9: MultiSIM outputs of Rossler circuit masking communication systems
(a) Information frequency 4 kHz, (b) Information frequency 0.1 kHz (c) Information frequency 10 kHz
6. Conclusion:
We propose a communication scheme for secure communications based on synchronization of chaotic systems.
The scheme implies the use of two system variables, the one serves for chaos synchronizations and the other is used
for signal transmission and recovering. We show that the synchronization error for the novel scheme is smaller when
R
c
≤ 10 mΩ and complete synchronization.
We have demonstrated in simulations that chaos can be synchronized and applied to secure communications.
Chaos synchronization and chaos masking were realized using MultiSIM programs.
In this paper, has shown very good Rossler circuit to be used as communication security system at a frequency
interval of 0.2 kHz  9 kHz, when more than 9 kHz frequency and less than 0.2 kHz frequency is not good to be a
security system because the frequency of communication will only eliminate the chaos signal generated Rossler
circuit because the oscillations are too fast so it's hard to be able to compensate.
Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Prof. Julien Clinton Sprott, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin,
and Madison, WI 53706, USA for advice and helpful discussions.
References:
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The SciTech, Journal of Science & Technology A. Sambas et. al
Vol1, Issue 2, 2012, p.5261. Numerical simulation ….
ISSN: 2278  5329 © The SciTech Publishers, 2012. All Right Reserved.
54
6. L. M. Pecora, and T. L. Carroll. Synchronizatin
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61
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