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Form A (record on answer sheet)

AP Chemistry PRACTICE Final Exam


Multiple-Choice Section Please record all answers on your scantron sheet. You may use this question sheet for scratch-work. 1. Pentane has the formula A) C5H5 B) C5H10 C) C5H12 D) C5H8 E) C3H8

2. Complete neutralization of 60 ml of 1.0 M HC1 solution requires 80 ml of NaOH solution. What is the molarity of the sodium hydroxide solution? A)1.0 M B) 1.5 M C) 1.3 M D) 0.75 M E) 2.7 M 3. What is the net ionic equation for the reaction between potassium iodide solution and silver nitrate solution? A) K+(aq) + I-(aq) KI(s) C) Ag+(aq) + NO3-(aq) AgNO3(s) + B) K (aq) + NO3 (aq) KNO3(s) D) Ag+(aq) + I-(aq) AgI(s) 4. The oxidation number of Cl in KC1O4. is A) -1 B) +3 C) +7 D) +1 E) none of these.

5. Which ionization constant, Ka, indicates the strongest acid? A) 1 x 10-7 C) 1.7 x 10-4 -7 B) 4 x 10 D) 6.7 x 10-4 E) 7.1 x 10-3 6. When additional solid NaC1 dissolves in a solution of NaCl in water, the pH of the solution A) decreases. C) remains the same. E) first decreases, then B) increases. D) first increases, then increases. decreases. 7. If 100 ml. of a gas at -730C are heated to 270C, what is the new volume? A) -37 ml. B) 47 ml. C) 85 ml. D) 150 ml. 8. What is the pH of a 0.100 molar HC1 solution? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 7 E) 13 E) 167 ml.

9. How many neutrons are present in an atom of silver which has a mass number of 108? A) 14 B) 47 C) 61 D) 108 10. Which electron configuration represents a neutral atom of nitrogen in an excited state? A) 1s2 2s22p3 B) 1s2 2s22p4 C) 1s2 2sl2p4 D) 1s2 2sl2p5 11. Which atom the ground state has three unpaired electrons in its outermost principle in energy level? A) 3Li B) 13Al C) 15P D) 38Sr 12. When NaOH is titrated with HC1, at the equivalence point the solution has a pH of approximately A) 1 B) 5 C) 7 D) 10 13. What is the formula for 3-methyl-pentane? A) C4H10 B) C5H10 C) C5H12 D) C6H12 E) C6H14

Form A (record on answer sheet) 14. Helium, neon, argon and krypton are in the same family of elements. This means that they A) have similar chemical properties B) were discovered by the same person C) can be decomposed into similar substances D) have the same melting and boiling points. 15.In the reaction PH3 + HBr PH4+ + Br-, what substance acts as a Bronsted acid and what is its conjugate base? A) PH3 & BrB) HBr & PH4+ C) H2O & BrD) PH3 & PH4+ E) HBr & Br 16. Which type of bonding involves positive ions immersed in a sea of mobile electrons? A) ionic B) non-polar covalent C) polar covalent D) metallic 17. An oxidizing agent is a substance which A) supplies electrons B) shares electrons D) neutralizes electrons E) oxidizes readily 18. The bonding in the barium fluoride crystal is primarily A) ionic B) polar covalent C) metallic E) co-ordinate covalent. C) takes up electrons

D) non-polar

19. Fifty grams of water are heated from 22.00C to 36.00C. How much heat is absorbed? A) 360 calories D) 1,080 calories B) 700 calories C) 1,100 calories E) 1,800 calories 20. In which compound does the bond have the least degree of ionic character? A) KBr B) HF C) MgO D) BrCl E) All have the same degree. 21. Which is an example of a non-polar molecule that contains polar covalent bonds? A) CF4 B) N2 C) H2O D) NH3 E) none of these 22. Which of the following statements concerning chemical equilibrium is incorrect? A) Chemical equilibrium can occur at different temperatures. B) Chemical equilibrium may be established quickly. C) Chemical equilibrium may be established slowly. D) When chemical equilibrium is established, the reaction stops. 23. Which electron configuration represents an element having the highest first ionization energy? A) 1s1 B) 1s2 C) 1s2 2sl D) 1s2 2s2 24. Which of the following is not a polar molecule? A) carbon dioxide B) carbon monoxide C) sulfur dioxide D) water

25. Which of the following chemicals would not be included in an equilibrium constant expression? A) water(l) B) NaC1(aq) C) water(g) D) oxygen(g). 26. In the reaction HC2H3O2 + H2O H3O+ + C2H3O2-, the addition of solid sodium acetate (NaC2H3O2) results in a decrease in the concentration of A) Na+ B) C2H3O2C) H3O+ D) HC2H3O2

Form A (record on answer sheet) 27. Which change may occur in a reaction system when a catalyst is added? A) The potential energy of the reactants increases. B) The equilibrium point is reached more rapidly. C) The potential energy of the products decreases. D) The heat of the reaction becomes smaller. 28. The molarity of a solution which contains 10.0 grams of sodium hydroxide in 500 ml of solution is A) 0.25 M; B) 0.50 M; C) 0.75 M; D) 0.90 M; E) 2.0 M. 29. How does a decrease in volume at constant temperature affect this equilibrium? N2(g) + 3 H2(g ) 2 NH3(g) + heat. A) produces no noticeable affect D) shifts the equilibrium to the left B) increases the concentration of N2 E) causes the reaction to become C) increases the concentration of NH3 endothermic 30. Given the equation AgC1(s) Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq). As NaC1(s) dissolves in the solution, temperature remaining constant, the Ag+(aq) concentration will A) decrease as the amount of AgC1(s) decreases. B) decrease as the amount of AgC1(s) increases. C) increase as the amount of AgCl(s) decreases. D) increase as the amount of AgCl(s) increases. 31. The bond formed by two atoms of the same element is A) ionic B) polar covalent C) non-polar covalent D) is not predictable 32. The element having atomic number 11 most closely resembles the element having atomic number A) 10 B) 12 C) 13 D) 18 E) 19 33. Calculate the volume that will be occupied by 350 mL of oxygen, measured at 720 mmHg, when the pressure is changed to 630 mmHg. A) 200 mL B) 270 mL C) 306 mL D) 355 mL E) 400 mL 34. Doubling the pressure on a gas at the same time that its Kelvin temperature is doubled causes its volume to A) decrease by 1/2 B) decrease by 1/4 C) remain the same D) increase by two times E) increase by 4 times 35. Titration is a technique used in the chemistry laboratory primarily to A) measure the equilibrium constant for the reaction. B) determine the composition of an unknown substance. C) measure the range of an indicator. D) determine concentrations of substances in solutions. 36. Which element forms an ion larger than its atom? A) Na B) Ne C) Ba D) Br E) He

37. Which gas contains molecules with the highest average kinetic energy? A) Gas A: 2 moles at 273 K C) Gas C: 1 mole at 500K B) Gas B: 1 mole at 293 K D) Gas D: 2 moles at 546 K

Form A (record on answer sheet) 38. Which of the following procedures will lower the temperature at which a sample of water boils? A) increasing the amount of water being heated B) decreasing the amount of water being heated C) decreasing the pressure above the water D) increasing the pressure above the water 39. At the same temperature and pressure, which gas diffuses most rapidly through a porous membrane? A) NH3 B) CO2 C) NO D) N2 40. What is the expression for the solubility product constant, Ksp, for this reaction? Al(OH)3(s) A1+3(aq) + 3 OH-(aq) A) _[Al(OH)3] _ B) [Al3+][OH-] 3+ [Al ][OH ] [Al(OH)3] C) [Al3+][3OH-] D) [Al3+][OH-]3 41. According to the Bronsted-Lowry theory, NH3 can act as a base because it A) can donate a proton B) forms H+ ions in water C) can be liquefied D) can accept a proton 42. Which is the mass number of an ion of potassium, K+, having 18 electrons, 19 protons, and 20 neutrons? A) 36 B) 37 C) 38 D) 39 E) 57 43. Which change of phase is endothermic? A) H2O(g) H2O(1) C) H2O(l) H2O(s) B) H2O(g) H2O(s) D) H2O(1) H2O(g) 44. Which sulfide compound forms the most concentrated saturated solution at 250C.? A) CdS Ksp = 3.6 x 10-29 C) FeS Ksp = 1.3 x 10-17 B) CoS Ksp = 3.0 x 10-26 D) HgS Ksp = 9.9 x 10-53 45. Which of the following pair of ions would be expected to form a precipitate when dilute solutions are mixed? A) Na+ and SO42C) NH4+ and CO322+ 2B) Ba and CO3 D) Na+ and S2E) Ba2+ and NO3-