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AGH University of Science and Technology in Cracow Department of Electronics

Laboratory Manual Physics_1
Title: Experiment No.

Self-inductance of coils
2011 r.

7

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1. The two coils . Fig. Faraday's Law of Induction. Magnetic energy stored by an inductor. Self-induced emf. DC/AC power supply is available. a wirewound rheostat. Inductive reactance XL. Lenz's Law.number 1 and number 2 . Voltage applied to the coil terminals is controlled by the wire-wound rheostat with a movable wiper. 2. 3. It consists of a DC/AC power supply.1. Measurement set-up Two types of coils are investigated by measurements of current flowing through coils in function of voltage applied to the coil terminals. The SIunit of the inductance. Equipment The measurement set up is shown in Fig. Admittance Y. What you need to learn? Capacitance. Conductance G. Inductive susceptance B. a digital ammeter and a coil. 1. Phase shift between the voltage and the current in RL circuits. Hysteresis loop of a ferromagnetic. Impedance Z. Goal To find the inductance L of a coil by comparison of the coil impedance in an AC circuit and the coil resistance in a DC circuit. a digital voltmeter. Inductors in DC circuits. Inductors in AC circuits. 2 . They also have buttons that allow the user to choose the appropriate range for the voltage or current that are to be measured.are wounded on the common core. Digital voltmeters and ammeters have both AC and DC settings. Definition of the inductance.

U [V] I [A] 5.2 . Due to the capacitive reactance. U [V] Coil 1 I [mA] I [A] No. No. Measurements 1. change the voltage applied to the coil in the range 0÷12 V. the lower range of current is necessary. U [V] Coil 2 I [mA] Coil 2 I [mA] I [A] No. 3 .4. Now use the AC voltage supply. U [V] Coil 2 I [mA] I [A] 3. Set the digital voltmeter and the digital ammeter for AC operation. Table 2. respectively. Disconnect the coil 1 and connect the coil 2. Measure the voltage drop across the coil U and measure current through the coil I. Turn on the DC voltage supply. Collect about 10 – 15 measurements in order to determine characteristic I =(U=). Turn off the DC voltage supply. 5. Connect the Coil 1. Record the results in Tab. Set the digital voltmeter and the digital ammeter for DC operation in the range 20V and 2A. Measure characteristics I~ (U~) for the coil 1 and the coil 2. Moving the wiper across the wire-wound rheostat. For the coil 2 repeat the procedure described in point 2. 1. Table 1. 4. 2. Make the correction of the ammeter range. No. DC circuit . Record the results in Tab.1. Data Handling 1. AC circuit. Set-up a circuit as it is shown in Fig. Draw plots I =(U=) and I~ (U~) for the coil 1 and coil 2 in one rectangular coordinates.

On the basis of calculated conductance and admittance.02. Updated: 28. Uczelniane Wydawnictwo Naukowo-Dydaktyczne 1999. John Wiley 2007. 2.8th edition”. Halliday. Fit the experimental points to the linear function I (U ) = G ⋅ U where G is conductance for the DC circuit or admittance for the AC circuit. find inductance L of a coil and its uncertainty ΔL. When you know frequency f of voltage changes and have inductive reactance XL calculated.2011 by Barbara Dziurdzia 4 . Resnick “Fundamentals of Physics . Zięba “Pracownia Fizyczna Wydziału Fizyki I Techniki Jądrowej AGH”. Finally calculate the tangent of the phase angle : tgδ = ωL R and the phase angle δ (in degrees) Literature: 1.2. 5. 4. Use the method of linear regression 3. determine the resistance R and inductive reactance XL of a coil.