Our studies have shown that most schools have carried out the teaching and learning of mathematics and science in the Malay Language. curriculum transformation. How is the MBMMBI Policy to be implemented in schools? The MBMMBI Policy is carried out in schools through reinstating the Malay Language as the medium of learning and teaching science and mathematics. This has forced teachers to teach both the subjects in the Malay Language as this helped pupils understand the subject matter better. availability of materials and equipment as well as to integrate information technology and communication in teaching and learning. This problem was prevalent in the rural as well as urban areas.MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions TO UPHOLD BAHASA MALAYSIA AND TO STRENGTHEN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE (MBMMBI) 1 What is the MBMMBI Policy? The MBMMBI Policy is the policy of the Ministry of Education Malaysia to ensure the usage of Malay Language as a medium of communication in all national schools and secondary schools. increasing the proficiency of Malay Language and English Language through extra teaching and learning periods. If the PPSMI policy is continued. The MBMMBI policy sets the Malay Language as the medium of teaching and learning at the national schools and secondary schools. and to ensure that each child can master both Malay and English languages well and fluently. Why was the MBMMBI Policy introduced? Studies conducted by various parties found that the implementation of PPSMI was not carried out as desired. Studies also disclosed that pupils found it difficult to learn mathematics and science in English as they were not proficient in the English Language. and secondary schools. 2 What is the difference between the PPSMI Policy and the MBMMBI Policy? The PPSMI Policy made English as the medium of teaching and learning the subjects of science and mathematics in national schools. increase in teaching capacity and human resource. Tamil national-type schools. 3 4 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions 1 . the Chinese Language at Chinese national-type schools and the Tamil Language at Tamil national-type schools. a larger number of our pupils will fail to master mathematics and science and will eventually be left behind.

Proficiency Course for non-option English Language teachers. c. During this transitional period. iii. iii. This will largely depend on teachers and pupils readiness to do so. Pedagogy Enhancement Course for English Language teachers. IPG will monitor the performance of new teachers for 6 months after their training when are placed in schools. and Contract teachers training How do we ensure the quality of Malay and English Language teachers a. b. English and/or Chinese Language at Chinese national-type schools. Short Course organized by the Institution (KPKI) 4 weeks in-service course. ii. “Teacher Study” for teachers to gauge their performance in schools. Training for Malay Language teachers : i. English and or Tamil Language at Tamil national-type schools. and Collaborative courses with Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. b. d. the teaching and learning of mathematics and science will be carried out fully in Malay Language in 2016 in primary schools and in 2021 in secondary schools How will teachers be trained to carry out the MBMMBI Policy? The Ministry of Education has planned and carried out various programmes to support this policy. 6 BPG has also carried out training programmes for Malay and English Language teachers in order to enhance their professionalism. Soft landing enables primary and secondary school pupils who have learnt mathematics and science in English in or before the year 2010 to continue to do so until they complete From 5. This is to help teachers and pupils to adjust to the change in the policy. ELTC as implemented the following programmes and courses: a. ii. Equip pre-service teachers with pedagogical skills according to pupils’ learning styles and abilities MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . c. the teaching of mathematics and science is conducted in English and/or Malay Language in national and secondary schools. Courses have been formulated to in-service English teachers in order to enhance their professional development as well as equip them with pedagogical skills.5 How has the soft landing approach been implemented in schools? The MBMMBI policy is implemented in staged from the year 2010. With the soft landing approach. Training of Trainers for English Language Lecturers in Institutes of Teacher Education (ELITE-TOT) for IPG lecturers Certificate in the Practice of English Language Teaching (C-PELT) for non-option English Language Teachers Reinforcing English Language Teaching for Non-Option English Language Teachers (RELTNOTe) For Non option English Language teachers not following C-PELT Oral Proficiency in English for Secondary School (OPS-ENGLISH) to improve communication skills amongst From 1 pupils in Band 3 to 5 schools. (MBMMBI) 2 7 Training for English Language teacher: i.

namely Certificate in the Practice of English Language Teaching (C-PELT) for primary school teachers throughout the country. Kuala Terengganu. The Centres of Excellence are: a. This study will help trainees enhance their pedagogical skills. each student will undergo practicum at least 3 times during their course of study as follows : a. Pedagogy Standards for English Language Teaching (PISELT) has been developed as an ELTC initiative to help English Language teachers identify their professional training needs as well as ascertain their continuous professional development.8 weeks Semester 7 . IPG Batu Lintang Campus. c. IPG Dato’ Razali Ismail Campus. How does MOE ensure that there are sufficient Malay Language and English Language teachers to support the extra teaching period of Malay and English Language? ELTC has launched a course for non-option teachers. School Based Experience (SBE) and practical skills have been included. Extra Option Intervention Programme for mathematics and science teachers in secondary schools who have served between 1 to 5 years. Sabah. For SBE. b. components of Professional Practice. Terengganu. IPG Gaya Campus. Degree Programme for teachers. It was decided that programme would be implemented from 2011 to 2013. 8 In 2008. In addition. b.4 weeks Semester 6 . Successful participants are equipped to teach English Language in schools.12 weeks Trainees will undergo an internship programme by conducting a study on difficulties in teaching and learning in schools during semester 8. Two programmes were initiated by BPG for this purpose: i. The Key Performance Indicator for the Native Speaker Programme is to increase the capacity of English language teachers in 1800 primary schools and lecturers at five Teachers Training Institutes which are named as Centres of Excellence. designing and managing professional development of English Language teachers. it can also be a guide in planning. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (MBMMBI) 3 9 What is the role of native speakers in the capacity building of teachers? . Semester 5 . Kota Kinabalu. ii. A special training programme for retired English Language teachers employed on a contract basis by MOE.d.Kuching. PISELT has a self-evaluative instrument which can be accessed on line by English Language teachers to identify their professional training needs as well as to apply for courses required for their continuous professional development. In addition. the Ministry of Education decided to employ native speakers as experts or mentors to assist in capacity building of primary school English teachers and lecturers at teacher training institutions in this country. c. Sarawak.

h. to conduct suitable action research. IPG International Language Campus. to plan and carry out professional development programmes for English Language teachers. A brief description of the materials follow: 1. to assist in support activities during teaching and learning. b. d. e. A CD is supplied for teachers to use during English Language lessons in order to assist them to teach speaking skills for communication. 11 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions .software for pupils and interactive software in Bahasa Malaysia and English Language which emphasies on the acquisition of language skills. How will the usage of language laboratories help in the acquisition of Bahasa Malaysia and English Language? Language laboratories is an ICT initiative which is the main agenda in the implementation of the MBMMBI policy. Kuala Lumpur. c. These materials have been specially chosen for the teaching and learning of Bahasa Malaysia and English Language. and English Language Teaching Centre. and to create a team of potential master trainers amongst teachers 10 In order to achieve success in the MBMMBI policy. to work with Ministry officials for assessment of the programme. The laboratories will be equipped with audio visual tools. g. what are the materials provided? The English Language Teaching Centre (ELTC) has prepared materials to enhance the professional development of teachers and their proficiency. Kuala Lumpur. Mentor placed in primary schools are to assist the English Language teachers in the following areas: a. to organise and carry out programmes/workshops/trainings within clusters and in zones. to co-operate and organise activities with mentors from other clusters and zones. Both training fellows and lecturers work together to develop training programmes. to plan and organise co-curriculum activities. e. The role of training fellows is in-line with the needs and requirements of the aforesaid teacher training institutes. The lessons emphasise language skills and the fun element has been infused. Pedagogy Standards for English Language Teaching (PSELT) • ELTC has published the Pedagogy Standards for English Language Teaching which will guide teachers to ascertain their training needs for continuous professional development. OPS-ENGLISH pupils handbook is also supplied. f. OPS-English Guidebook for teachers which will enable teachers to teach speaking skills for communication effectively for Form 1 pupils in 2012. d. These are stand-alone Cds which can be used with all computers. Oral Proficiency in English for Secondary School (OPS-ENGLISH) • • (MBMMBI) 4 • The Technological Education Division has supplied digital materials to all schools. 2. The role of Training Fellows placed in the five Centre of Excellence is to mentor and coach English Language Lecturers in order to enhance their professional development .

and Summative Assessment – assessment is carried out at the end of the learning process in order to evaluate how much has been learnt and acquired. they are: • • Formative Assessment . the school management or inspectorate of schools. As such. deployment of teachers. The information obtained has to be assessed and reported by the teacher. all questions for both the subjects will be set in Bahasa Malaysia. PMR and SPM) for Science and Mathematics in Bahasa Malaysia. This is in line with the MBMMBI policy.12 How is assessment carried out in schools? Assessment in schools are carried out in two forms. The initiatives include the allocation of additional time for the teaching and learning of English Language. PMR and SPM will be set in two languages until the Year 2020. a written report is not to be produced periodically but the teacher should be able to give a written or verbal report as and when necessary when requested by interested parties such as parents. providing readers and digital materials in order to support the teaching and learning in the classroom. This will help them further their studies at tertiary level. correction. 13 14 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (MBMMBI) 5 . it is hoped that it will help pupils master the English Language. As such with the implementation of the MBMMBI policy. recruitment of native speakers for capacity building of lecturers and teachers. (assessment of learning) Formative assessment or assessment for learning does not concentrate on exams. Summative assessment is administered by teachers in order to ascertain the level of achievement in learning by using various sources (quantitative and qualitative) which is obtained through various assessment activities. questions for public examinations for Mathematics and Science at UPSR. After 2020. English Language or bilingual? In line with the MBMMBI soft-landing approach. enhancement of the English Language curriculum with the introduction of the StandardBased Curriculum. How will the MBMMBI policy help students in the learning of Mathematics and Science at pre-university level? In line with the MBMMBI policy. This evaluation will then be used by other teachers who will be teaching the aforesaid pupil(s) the following semester or year. record keeping and analysing scores but most importantly it aims to record the learning development of pupils and also providing feedback to interested parties including the pupils themselves.assessment is carried out continuously with the aim of improving and enhancing the learning process (assessment for learning). the Ministry of Education has introduced various effective initiatives in order to upgrade English Language proficiency amongst pupils. Are the questions for public examinations (UPSR. Teachers need not compare pupils whether be in quantitatively or qualitatively.

within a specific period of schooling. Attitude and Values Humanitarian Physical and Aesthetical Development Science and Technology Curriculum Standard documents Modular Level I (Year 1. covering the areas of knowledge. • 3 What is the difference between KSSR and KBSR? KSSR Curriculum design is based on 6 areas: KBSR Curriculum design is based on 3 areas: √ √ √ √ √ Communication Man and his environment Self-development of the individual Study syllabus Linear √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ Communication Spiritual. 2 & 3) Basic Core Modules. Learning Standards are set criteria or indicators of education quality and achievements which can be measured for each content standard. 5 & 6) 6 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . 5 & 6) Curriculum materials Design of the Curriculum: Organisation of the Curriculum: Level I (Year 1. skills and values to face the challenges of the 21st century. What is meant by a Standard Curriculum? KSSR was formulated based on a statement of standards. The Content and Learning standards are defined as follows: • Contents Standards are specific statements on what the students must know and can do.MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions PRIMARY SCHOOL STANDARD CURRICULUM (KSSR) 1 2 Why was KSSR introduced? KSSR was introduced as an effort to restructure and improve the current curriculum to ensure that students have the relevant knowledge. skills and values. The statement of standards comprise of content standards and learning standards which need to be achieved by a student in a specific period and level of schooling. 2 & 3) √ √ Core. Thematic Core Modules and Elective Modules Level II (Year 4. compulsory and additional subjects Core . Compulsory and Additional subjects Curriculum Materials Design of the Curriculum: Organisation of the Curriculum: Level II (Year 4.

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 (KSSR) 7 . information and communication technology. information technology and communication Focus: 4M (Reading. Why wasn’t Science made a Basic Core Module? Science was not made the core basic module because a core module emphasizes literacy and numeracy. the allocated time for the teaching of Chinese and Tamil languages is 360 minutes each. as total hours will exceed 1380 minutes a week. Why was Thematic Core Modules introduced? The Thematic Core Modules was introduced to reduce the number of subjects taken at Level One. two subjects are introduced. a new subject is introduced. good character and high self-esteem. Science is introduced in the Thematic Core Module to provide basic knowledge on the discipline of Science. a student is taught and guided to have the skills of leadership. In Year 1 KSSR. this would mean that the students will finish school late. Who will teach the World of Science and Technology? The most suitable teacher for this will be teachers with Science options. This module comprises the themes of the World of Art and World of Science and Technology. Will KSSR be able to produce a community with good character? Yes. Counting and Reasoning) 4 Elements of Analytical and creative thinking skills Focus: 3M (Reading. All Year 1 pupils must learn basic ICT skills to enable them to utilise the skills in various disciplines. for more effective curriculum management. Writing and Counting) Is there a change in subjects for Level 1 KSSR? Yes. Thematic Core Modules. The concept of KSSR contains core values for character building and self-image which will ensure that through the curriculum and co-curriculum. and Elective Modules. and Design and Technology. If the allocation of time for Islamic studies is made to be in line with that in National schools. and all knowledge disciplines are reorganized within the form of Basic Core Modules. Why has the time allocated for teaching Islamic Studies at SJK (C) and SJK (T) reduced compared to SK? At the SJK (C) and SJK (T). Writing. Science and Technology (DST) contains elements of science. In the World of Arts. that is the Visual Arts and (Thematic) Music. self-esteem and character and spiritual development. Design. Can the school allow streaming in KSSR? KSSR does not encourage streaming. Should Year 1 pupils learn Information and Communication Technology (ICT)? Yes. entrepreneurial.√ Core and Elective Subjects The elements of creativity and Innovation.

internet. The Language Arts module stresses on for learning and language appreciation. Will the students be bored in class with the additional time allocated for English language? No. For teachers. except for the World of Musical and Visual Arts. music and other supporting teaching materials. An effective and interesting T&L for languages can be carried out through singing. the 3 approaches recommended to be applied for CCEICT are: • Students using laptop in class.12 Can Cross-curricular elements not be used in Teaching and Learning (T&L)? Cross-curricular elements need not be used for each session of T&L but need to be applied to the appropriate T&L. 13 14 15 16 17 18 (KSSR) 8 • • MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . Will all students learn computers for Cross-Curricular Element – Information and Communication Technology (CCE-ICT)? For the CCE involving ICT (CCE-ICT). drama. jazz chants. These basic skills can also be taught within the Science elements using ICT. However all content and learning standards must be reached within a specified time as outlined by the ICT document standard. choral speaking. the student will use the ICT materials that are already available in schools such as computers. When will the ICT elements be taught in the World of Science and Technology? It is vital to teach basic ICT skills to Year 1 pupils and it is proposed that the skills are taught at the beginning of the year. There are various technics and methods that will be introduced by the teachers to keep the students interested. or teachers using the computer in computer labs for the purpose of T&L with students. where text books will not be given. What should the teacher do if a student fails to meet the specified standards? The teacher is required to carry out continuous follow up activities such as to conduct revision to ensure that the student eventually achieves the standard. computers at the access centres and at the computer labs for the purpose of finishing work as required. and others according to the suitability of topics. cd. carrying out interactive activities with students. Teachers using laptops with a LCD projector for the purpose of teaching using specific course software and digital materials Teachers using laptops with a LCD projector in class. there are guide books on this subject. What are the minimum and maximum number of ICT content standard and learning standard that is required per week? There is no minimum or maximum number set as each student has different level of abilities. However. Will text books be provided for all Year 1 subjects? Yes. The ICT Elements can be fully mastered and therefore be reinforced through cross-curricullar activities.

If the school faces problems of internet access.moe. and not all topics in EMK-TMK (or CCE and ICT) will require internet access. 20 21 22 23 24 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (KSSR) 9 . The school has been informed through KP. the school must make available the schedules for use and the reservation forms. teachers are encouraged to contact the JU. like computer labs.BTMK 1/044/01 Jld. How will schools without internet access carry out computer based learning? All schools are given internet access through the MOE School Net network. access points. District Education Office Officers. or State Education Department officers for KSSR related advice.moe. and lap tops. 11 (11) dated 13 November 2008 that an alternative access can be used. What are the efforts that have been made to prepare teachers for KSSR? The MOE has carried out KSSR awareness courses to all teachers involved in carrying out KSSR. Teachers are also given support materials and access to information from the MOE website such as http://www. the school can contact the person responsible or the State Department of Education. In addition. In the event a teacher wants to use the computer lab. have to be used optimally by teachers in the CCE-ICT T&L. The administrator must also ensure that all facilities are maintained in good order and can be accessed during the schooling period. and additional cross-curricular elements. in the event of problems. Can KSSR help stimulate the teachers’ and students’ creativity in T&L? KSSR can help stimulate teachers’ and students’ creativity through the T&L (Teaching and Learning approach) such as (edutainment). In Level 1.gov. how far is sex education taught? Social and Reproductive Health Education is not taught as a subject but as a large component (75%) in the subject of Health Education.my/bpk or call KSSR hotline at 03-88842283. Teachers are given for learning guidebooks to assist them in carrying out the T&L What are the channels made available to teachers facing problems with KSSR? The MOE has provided the website for KSSR (www.19 How will the CCE-ICT be carried out if more than one teacher need to use the lab at one time? The infrastructure available in schools.my/bpk) with which teachers are able to interact.gov.

completed and sent to the school applied for to be process.gov. - - - - - - A 4 year course. 2 year course. Technical Field.moe. or By contacting the school applied for. Are both or one of them to be filled? To fill in only one form on line.MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions TRANSFORMATION OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION (TPV) 1 2 3 4 How can applications be made. (Vocational College Certificate from Level 1 to Level 4) Use semester system. the actual forms may be used. (taking SPM) • Skills Training. (If there is a link) If online application fail.gov. There are 2 forms on line.my b. Fill up a form and send the form to the SMV/T applied for. What are the differences between Vocational Colleges. 2 year course. 2 year course. Method: a. 5 10 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions .moe. 15 pioneer SMV for the year 2012. (refer to annexure) • Technical Field. Fill up a form online at www. When will the results of the application be known? 10 days after PMR Results are announced (on line) How do we check the results of the application? Online via www. Vocational Field and Skills training? Answer: Vocational College. (taking SPM) • Vocasional Field.my.

IC No. is being initiated presently. Registration Number. The course taken after graduation must be related to the Certificate or diploma obtained from that VC. to accommodate the future graduates of VC). (An MOU between the Ministry of Education with the IPTA/S involved. 7 How is entry selection made once actual PMR results are announce? • • For entry to KV. Results obtained must fulfill the entry requirements of the relevant IPTA/S applied to. 8 9 Are the Vocational Colleges’ Certificate and Diploma recognized by MQA? The Vocational College Training Certificate is recognized by MQA and JPA. I am a teacher at a non boarding secondary school. How do I find out more about VC/SMV. What should be done if an online application cannot be continued due to the discrepancy between IC No and Registration Number? Please call BPTV and provide the following information: Name. SMT will offer technical courses only.edu. Can my application be approved as I have family problems? All approvals will be made based on the requirement for the post and service.my or Contact the school directly. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions 14 (TPV) 11 How do I request for transfer for schools if the principal of my present school rejects my application? . MV (other than designated VC) will offer vocational course and skills training. Can graduates of Vocational Colleges without SPM further their studies with IPTA/S? Yes. For entry to Technical fields.moe. What should I do if I want to transfer to Vocational Secondary School? The application for transfer of teachers in posts and GC must be made via the teacher transfer system at eGTukar. Please visit the website www. Vocational and Skills Training. what course will be offered at each category of school? Schools designated as VC will only offer VC courses. applications will use the PMR trial results while offers will be made on the basis of the actual results (Malaysia Examination Board). The approval of the applications will depend on the available vacancy at the schools applied to. If the principal rejects this means that the service is still needed at the school I am a newly appointed teacher and as yet to be confirmed in employment. 10 11 12 13 The transfer application must first get the support by the present Principal. or on the need for the post. application and offer will use trial PMR results. Name and contact number of a guardian. 6 - - Taking SPM (6 core subjects) or SPAK(1+3) Achieving SKM (level 1 to level 2) or multi skill (level 1) In 4 categories of school.

Please advise on the steps to be taken to resolve this? All decisions to transfer are final.15 While I was applying online. However I now would like to change my placement to elsewhere . Period of approval will depend on cases selected for approval at the meeting of the committee. the Ministry will issue a circular for teachers to update their data. Who should I inform about this? Normally. However the school I would like to apply to has no vacancy for the post I am teaching at the moment. through the eGTukar. 17 18 19 20 21 (TPV) 12 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . thank you. which is completed by the Vice Principal or the Data Teacher. I have been trying to transfer to Kelantan for the past 7 years. I am now teaching in Kuala Lumpur. Any queries or processes will need to be made in writing and addressed to the Director. Can I now change my applied location to Malacca even though my first application has yet to be approved? All decisions to transfer are final. Can I change my location. What are the factors that contribute towards the rejection of my application. My application for transfer has been approved. I would like to be transferred there too. Any queries or processes will need to be made in writing and addressed to the Director. even though at the application I was placed at a different location? All decisions to transfer are final. you may apply for transfer immediately. Please advise how I can achieve this? All approvals are based on vacancies. What can I do to allow me to transfer to Pahang to be near my husband’s workplace? You are advised to refer to the PPD for nearby schools which have vacancy in your field of teaching. Any queries or processes will need to be made in writing and addressed to the Director. I have applied to be transferred to a school in Johor. If available. Evidently the schools in Kelantan have sufficient teachers. I found my personal information to be incorrect. 16 Can a transfer be made within 24 hours? The approval of a transfer will be raised at the meetings of the Transfer Committee.

PBS covers both academic and non-academic fields. emotional. PBS assesses both the learning outcome as well as the learning process. PBS is carried out continuously in schools by teachers during the teaching and learning process. question and answer sessions are all examples of PBS activities. PBS will be carried out in Form One from 2012 and PMR beginning 2014 will be entirely school-based. Secondly is the introduction of SPPBS or PBS Management System which will make it easier for teachers to record and store data concerning learners’ achievement. There are 4 components in the PBS: (i) (ii) Central Assessment School Assessment (iii) Assessment of Sports and Co-curricular activities (iv) Psychometric Assessment 2 Is the PBS concept new? No. emotional. Therefore both formative and summative assessment which encompass assessment for learning MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions 3 4 5 13 . Homework. spiritual and physical aspects. quizzes.MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions SCHOOL BASED ASSESSMENT (PBS) 1 What is PBS? PBS is a holistic form of assessment which assesses the cognitive. Why is PBS being introduced now? PBS is being introduced as part of the National Transformation Program to produce worldclass human capital. The present assessment focuses on learners’ achievement through examination results. affective and psychomotor domains encompassing intellectual. What is the difference between PBS and the present assessment? PBS is more holistic and emphasizes all aspects including physical. Thus PBS is in tandem with the Primary School Standard Curriculum as well as the National Education Philosophy. spiritual and intellectual. there are two new features in the improved PBS. the PBS concept is not new. When will PBS be implemented? PBS began in Year One 2011 and will result in the refurbished UPSR in 2016. However. Firstly the concept of Standard Referenced Assessment in which learner’s achievements are measured against a Performance Standard which determines what learner’s are expected to achieve.

PBS gives autonomy and due recognition to teachers to carry out formative and summative school-based assessment at their discretion. weaknesses and effectiveness of assessment tool us ed to carry out PBS How will parents obtain feedback on their child’s performance? A descriptive and formative report can be generated using the SPPBS whenever needed. What is the quality assurance of PBS? Quality assurance of the PBS is determined through: - - - - Mentoring Standardization Monitoring Detection 7 Mentoring is the process of assisting. The Performance Standard will help inform the appraiser on the best and most suitable way to assess individuals fairly in a focused manner based on the predetermined set of standards. Teachers are most suitable to assess their pupils because they : - - - - 6 Can continuously monitor their pupils’ growth Can provide constructive feedback to help improve pupils’ learning abilities Better understand the context and environment most conducive to assess pupils Appraise and provide feedback based on the Performance Standards What is Performance Standard? Performance Standard is a set of statements detailing the achievement and mastery of an individual within a certain discipline. facilitating and guiding teachers to carry out PBS according to the correct procedures and principles of PBS Monitoring ensures that the correct procedures have been adhered to ensure the reliability and credibility of the assessment outcome Standardization ensures uniformity of scores with reference to the Performance Standards based on the rubrics of an assignment Detection is the process that evaluates the strength. understand (faham) and can apply (boleh buat) or have mastered what has been learnt based on the Performance Standards which is mapped from the Standard Curriculum. Standard Referenced Assessment does not compare a pupil’s achievement with his/her peers instead it reports each pupil’s growth and development by comparing his/ her performance against a statement of standards. In the process it is possible to find out what each pupil know (tahu). In this manner teachers’ integrity and credibility will be enhanced. Presently the focus is mainly on assessment of learning at the end of the learning process which is largely summative in nature. Furthermore. Standard Referenced Assessment is introduced to track the growth and development of each pupil through his/her performance. In an effort to make the present assessment better. in a specific period of study based on an identified benchmark. (PBS) 14 8 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions .and assessment of learning are employed. The system also acts as a life-time data base and stores all information pertaining to pupils’ progress from Year 1 to Form 5.

How reliable are assessment results conducted by teachers? Assessment scores produced by teachers are reliable because they: - - - - Can continuously monitor their pupils’ growth Can provide constructive feedback to help improve pupils’ learning abilities Better understand the context and environment most conducive to assess pupils Appraise and provide feedback based on the Performance Standards 10 11 12 Are teachers ready for PBS? All teachers are qualified and trained in teacher education. 2 3 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (PBS) 15 . however they will no longer be deemed as high stake events since PBS is a continuous process and also more holistic. Hence pupils will be more motivated to work harder and perform better in the future. common errors made and areas that need more attention as well as steps to take in order to improve. For Under Enrolled Schools it may be necessary for a teacher to hold more than one portfolio in the committee. Constructive and meaningful feedback can help pupils focus on their learning progress. In addition they are given refresher courses to help them manage the PBS. What is the impact of PBS on UPSR and PMR? UPSR and PMR are still important modes of assessment. Who makes up the PBS Committee for Under Enrolled Schools? The appointment of PBS Committee members depends on the needs of each school. Their role is to highlight issues and queries concerning PBS on behalf of their colleagues during the PBS District Committee meeting.9 What value is the assessment result to pupils? Feedback based on the Performance Standards can help students identify his/her strength and weaknesses. PBS Committee 1 What is the role of the President of School Principals and President of Headmasters Council in the district PBS Committee? They represent all Principals and Headmasters in the district. What authorization does the PBS Committee have in the implementation of the PBS? The PBS Committee has the authority to decide on the implementation of PBS in their schools as long as their decisions do not contravene set guidelines and directives from the ministry.

Can a teacher who does not teach a particular subject take on the role of assessor for that subject? No because appraisal must be carried out during the teaching and learning process by the teacher teaching the subject and the class. 2 (PBS) 16 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . Does the PBS apply to pupils with special needs? Will they be exempted? Pupils with special needs will be assed based on a Performance Standard especially customized for them. The Performance Standards referred to in PBS are mapped based on the KSSR. Should pupils who have recently returned from abroad be assessed PBS cohort for the previous year? No. Can a pupil be exempted from PBS? No. PBS evaluation only applies to the current year for all pupils. The School PBS Committee may improvise using available resources and adopt suitable approaches as long the changes do not contravene set guidelines and directives from the ministry. Appraisal can be carried out when the pupils are ready to be assessed. The skills screened in LINUS are those found in KSSR (Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah). 2 3 4 5 6 School Assessors 1 Can a GSTT become an assessor? Yes. Can schools carry out PBS based on available resources using selected approaches? Yes.Implementation 1 Does LINUS complement PBS? Yes. All pupils are appraised based on their ability and readiness. The appraisal is carried out during the teaching and learning process by the teacher teaching the subject and the class. There will be no exemption. However should they decide to continue with the monthly and yearend exams than the test or tasks must be based on the descriptors in the Performance Standards. Are monthly and annual exams still relevant? The School PBS Committee has the authority do away or continue having monthly and year-end examinations.

The process is necessary to make sure the construct. Can Excellent Award recipients be selected by referring to the performance reports? Yes. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (PBS) 17 . grade/ scoring scale are of the same standard thus ensuring the credibility and reliability of scores awarded. Ketua Bidang.Reporting 1 Can parents request for a report on their child’s progress? Parents may request for a report on their child’s progress any time provided the particular topic and relevant skills connected to the topic has been assessed. Can parents access the SPPBS? No. Can schools rank pupils with the implementation of the PBS? How can this be done? The school can do so by referring to the evidence of pupils’ work. External standardization is coordinated by officers appointed by the Examinations Syndicate. Who is responsible for standardization? 2 Internal standardization is coordinated by the Ketua Panitia. When do teachers begin to enter standard performance data? The Examinations Syndicate will issue a directive advising schools when to start entering data. Parents need to obtain the reports from the teachers in the school. NGOs. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Quality Assurance 1 What does standardization mean? Standardization ensures the uniformity of understanding among all assessors of the rules/ marking schemes/rubrics. Can pupils’ obtain a record of their performance on request? Yes. Can interested parties such as politicians (wakil rakyat). Guru Cemerlang Mata Pelajaran. Who will prepare the performance reports? Subject teachers will prepare performance reports upon request. private sector representatives and others besides parents obtain a copy of pupils’ performance reports in order to provide contribution and to motivate pupils? They may do so with the consent of the School PBS Committee. The reports are generated by the SPPBS. The PBS report should be referred to as a criteria for selecting award recipients because it is corroborated by hard evidence.

Guru Cemerlang Mata Pelajaran Master Trainers and Headmasters/Principals or any appointed teacher can take on the role of Internal Mentors. What of the trustworthiness of teachers in conducting PBS? Teachers’ integrity should not be doubted. (PBS) 18 2 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . The Showcase File must be prepared at the beginning of the school-year so that it can be used to confirm achievement in the Fail Perkembangan Murid. The State Education Department will then transfer the pupil’s data so that it can be accessed by the new school. Who conducts mentoring? Ketua Panitia. Who conducts monitoring? Internal monitoring is conducted by a teacher chosen by the School PBS Committee. External Mentors are officers from the Examinations Syndicate. Cross monitoring will enhance the reliability and credibility of PBS.3 What is mentoring? It is the process of assisting. Can teachers from neighbouring schools cross monitor PBS activities? Teachers are encouraged to do so for mutual benefit. facilitating and guiding teachers to conduct PBS according to set guidelines and procedures. State Education Department and District Education Departments. What happens to the PBS report for pupils who have transferred? School authorities must notify the State Education Department about the transfer. Ketua Bidang. Can a Headmaster/Principal or Senior Assistant be monitored? If the Headmaster/Principal or Senior Assistant teaches any subject in any number of classes then they should also be monitored. What is meant by monitoring? It is the process of ensuring PBS is conducted according to set guidelines and procedures. How many files are needed to store evidence of pupils’ achievement? Only one Fail Perkembangan Murid is needed to store all evidence for each pupil irregardless of the number of subjects. Credibility is ensured through mentoring. standardization monitoring. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Management of Evidence in PBS 1 Can the Showcase File be prepared at the end of the year? No. and detection. External Monitors can be any officer from the Ministry of Education.

How is oral achievement verified? Oral achievement recorded in the SPPBS can be verified by referring to the Ketua Panitia or by asking the pupil in question to perform the oral task again. 4 5 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (PBS) 19 .3 Which evidence should be kept in the Fail Perkembangan Murid : (i) best evidence for each band or (ii) only best evidence in the highest band ? Only the best evidence in the highest descriptor should be kept in the Fail Perkembangan Murid. Those in the previous (lower) band can be returned to the pupil. How long must the evidence be kept? The evidence can be returned to the owners after the Performance Standard has been recorded in the SPPS.

20 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions . iii. will be required to take part in at least one type of sports. The type of sports offered under the 1Student 1Sport must have elements of physical movements. ii. Foster racial unity. A student can take part in more than one sport according to his ability and the type of sports offered by the school. ii. vii. iv. Develop a sports culture amongst students. The 1Student 1Sport policy makes it compulsory for each student to participate in at least one sports activity in school Each student is required to be actively involved by participating in the school’s sports activity throughout the year 2 Why was this 1Student 1Sport Policy established? i. self esteem discipline and moral values. and iii. Increase physical fitness. To provide balance between academic and physical needs. iii. 3 What is the objective of the 1Student 1Sport Policy? i. School athletic tournaments with cross country runs and sukan tara as leading events are core sports activities in school. Develop character. it has to take into account these principles: i. ii. Sports activities are held in school throughout the year in accordance with sports house or sports club activities. or that is carried out with the agreement of the school. To provide the opportunity to students with talent and potential to be developed further. in particular for students who are less or not active. Every student including special needs students without any health problems. v.MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions ONE STUDENT ONE SPORT (1Student 1Sport) 1 What is the 1Student 1Sport Policy? i. To develop sports in school towards increasing students’ level of participation in at least one type of sports in school. To fulfill school children’s natural affinity for physical activities. The 1Student 1Sport policy was established to enable every student to have access to the benefits of participating in sports. ii. 4 What are the factors to be considered before the 1Student 1Sport Policy can be implemented? Before the 1Student 1Sport Policy is carried out. vi. iv. To provide a platform towards sports excellence.

The 1Student 1Sport policy is made compulsory for Standard 4 to Standard 6 children in Primary Schools and Remove Form. For preschool children up to Standard 3. vii. they are encouraged to participate in this programme according to the school’s capacity. classes. 5 Who should be involved in the 1Student 1Sport Policy implementation? i. The most important aspect is active participation by all students in sports activities. Form 1 to Form 6 in Secondary schools. Parents and external agencies/sports allies are encouraged to contribute towards the growth of school sports. The students’ participation in the District School Sports Council (Majlis Sukan Sekolah-Sekolah Daerah (MSSD)) or State School Sports Council (MSSM) competitions as well as on international level. will be 1Student 1Sport activities. Each school with existing infrastructure. sports houses. ii. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION POLICIES Frequently Asked Questions (1Student 1Sport) 21 . and viii. dorms. vi. facilities and equipment for sports must optimize its use to increase active participation of its students.v. This 1Student 1Sport Policy is based on the implementation of a high quality physical education as a subject. and sports clubs of schools. The school must hold competitions between levels.

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