LTE eRAN3.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

Area Restriction Provided 1. UE Context Release (UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE) 16.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Typical X2 Handover flow UE Source eNB Target eNB MME Serving Gateway 0. incl. No Spreading Without Permission .Path Switch Request (S1AP_PATH_SWITCH_REQ) 13.Switch DL path 18.Handover Request Ack (HANDOVER_REQUEST_ACKNOWLEDGE) packet data Legend L3 signalling L1/L2 signalling Handover Preparation User Data Handover Execution 9. Complete (RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP(HO_CMP)) packet data packet data 12. mobilityControlinformation (RRC_CONN_RECFG(HO_CMD)) Detach from old cell and synchronlze to new cell Deliver buffered and in transit packets to target eNB 8.Admission Control DL allocation 7.RRC Conn.Measurement Reports (RRC_MEAS_RPRT) 3.User Plane update request End Marker packet data End Marker 17.Synchronisation 10. Reconf.UL allocation+TA for UE 11. Reconf.LTE eRAN3.Path Switch Request Ack (S1AP_PATH_SWITCH_REQ_ACK) 15.HO decision 4.Release Resources Measurement Control (RRC_CONN_RECFG) Measurement Control CMP (RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP) Confidential Information of Huawei.SN Status Transfer (SN_STATUS_TRANSFER) Data Forwarding Buffer packets from Source eNB 6.Handover Request (HANDOVER_REQUEST) 5.Measurement Control (RRC_CONN_RECFG) packet data UL allocation 2.User Plane update response Handover Completion 14.RRC Conn.

assist UE to measure inter-frequency . Measurement ID. Perquisite: Related handover algorithms should be enabled For intra-frequency measurement control.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Measurement control includes all control parameters to guide UE measurement. thus eNodeB can understand the purpose of each report. indicate the object with unique frequency and ID Report configuration. indicate the related event to period report parameters. bind the ID with object and report configuration. Measurement consists of intra-frequency measurement and inter-frequency measurement. No Spreading Without Permission . this message should be trigged by some specific intra-frequency measurement report (A1/A2) or some special event based on handover scenarios. Quantity configuration. Besides the above IEs.frequency measurement control. including the measurement filter parameters    For inter. A1/A2/A3 could be included. Confidential Information of Huawei. this message is default sent during UE initial attach procedure or after UE handover in a new cell. The following IEs (Information Element) are included inside:     Measurement object.LTE eRAN3. it includes one more IE: gap pattern.

UE periodic repeat this report until eNodeB reply the instruction or the UE report times approach the maximum report times which is included in measurement control message Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Once the event for report is trigged.

The following IEs could be included:     eCGI of target cell GUMMEI UE context information UE history information Confidential Information of Huawei.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  After eNodeB receive measurement report.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission . it select the suitable target and send handover request message to the target cell via S1 or X2 interface.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

Generally. we need focus on this KPI to analyze the handover fault caused by radio problem. if this rate is low.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  General handover success rate = (Handover preparation success rate) × (handover execution success rate) Handover preparation success rate = Handover execution attempt number /Handover preparation attempt number. that indicates the handover fault is caused by target cell admission control problem. such as coverage and parameters setting. No Spreading Without Permission . Hand over execution success rate = Handover execution success number/Handover execution attempt number.   Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. This is used to evaluate the admission success rate for the target cell.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

FailOut.FailOut.Prep.HHO. L. L.HHO.FailOut.HOCancel: During a handover over the S1 or X2 interface.FailOut.HHO.Prep.Prep.MME counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB receives a UE CONTEXT RELEASE COMMAND message from the MME.LTE eRAN3.Prep.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Measurement point:  L. the L.PrepFailure: During handover preparation in a handover over the X2 interface. No Spreading Without Permission . the L.HHO.NoReply counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB does not receive a HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDEG message or a HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE message from the target eNodeB.FailOut.Prep.PrepFailure counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB receives a HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE message from the target eNodeB.    Confidential Information of Huawei.FailOut.HHO.FailOut.the L.Prep.MME: During handover preparation in a handover over the S1 or X2 interface.NoReply: After the handover preparation in a handover over the S1 or X2 interface is complete.HOCancel counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB decides to cancel the handover and sends a HANDOVER CANCEL message to the MME or target eNodeB.Prep. L. the L.HHO.HHO.Prep.HHO.FailOut. if the source eNodeB does not receive any messages from the target and does not cancel the handover.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.

LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE eRAN3. If UE can reestablish the RRC connection to source cell. consists of following scenarios:  Scenario 1: After receiving a handover command.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Early handover occurs if the target cell is not good or stable. it is consider as a early handover  Confidential Information of Huawei. Then. No Spreading Without Permission . a UE experiences a radio link failure (RLF) during the handover to the target cell. the UE is handed over back to the source cell during RRC connection reestablishment. Scenario 2: A UE camps on the target cell for a short period and the RLF happen.

No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario 1: After UE sends measurement report.LTE eRAN3. Confidential Information of Huawei. it doesn’t receive any handover commands.

LTE eRAN3. Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission . and RRC establishment setup to target cell also fails. RLF happens in source cell.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario 2: UE doesn’t send measurement report.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.

including UU interface. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Handover failure is caused by signaling exchange failure.   UU interface message exchange failure is usually caused by poor coverage X2 interface or S1 interface message exchange failure is usually caused by transmission problem Confidential Information of Huawei. X2 interface or S1 interface.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

Confidential Information of Huawei.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  If we don’t enable the basic coverage based intra/inter frequency handover swith.LTE eRAN3. then eNdoeB doesn’t send any measurement control message. No Spreading Without Permission .

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

we can see that Due to poor DL channel quality. IBLER and DL/UL grant statistic can be used to evaluate channel quality Solution:    To increase the possibility of UL scheduling. we can enable the pre.LTE eRAN3. SINR of PDCCH is very low. the measurement report can’t be sent. leading the demodulation of UL grant failure. Therefore. No Spreading Without Permission . RSRP.allocation scheduling. so that UE can get UL grant in advanced to send measurement report If the poor quality is caused by coverage. we can enable ICIC feature to mitigate the interference   Confidential Information of Huawei. RSRQ.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  From above figure. then make some RF adjustment for coverage If the poor quality is caused by edge interference.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

then eNodeB doesn’t send any handover request to target .LTE eRAN3. Solution:    Enable ANR to automatic configure NCL and NRT Configure NRT by manual  How to check neighbor configuration Should be “Permit HO” Confidential Information of Huawei.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Scenario: after eNodeB receive measurement report. if all reported cell is not in NRT (neighbor relation table) and ANR is not enable or the cell in NRT is set forbidden handover. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3.

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

check if all the parameters are identical  Solution:  Confidential Information of Huawei.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis   Scenario 1: No transmission resource Possible cause:   Incorrect configuration of IP path The transmission resource is limited First check IP path configuration. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  If all configuration is correct. No Spreading Without Permission . We can extend transmission bandwidth or enable relevant TRM algorithms Confidential Information of Huawei. the problems could be caused by the restriction of transmission resource .

LTE eRAN3. leading very long handover prepare time.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis   Scenario 2 : Due to the poor transmission quality. Solution: Contact transmission engineer to check the problem Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Possible cause :   Poor DL coverage Improper parameters handover parameters setting RF adjustment This scenario is considered as delayed handover. we can use MRO algorithm to optimize it  Solution:   Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE eRAN3. we can enable MRO algorithm to optimize the relevant parameters  Solutions:    Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis  Possible cause    Poor coverage of target cell PRACH power control setting problem Handover parameters setting problem Perform RF adjustment of target cell Increase initial power or power step for PRACH This problem is considered as early handover.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.

No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .0 Handover Fault Diagnosis Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE eRAN3.