13.AI_EI | Physics | Physics & Mathematics

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Acoustic/Elastic Impedance Case Study

312

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances Logs + Rock Physics + Geology

Impedance Inversions - near and far offset

Calibration pdfs

Integrated classification - facies probability

Study by Tapan Mukerji, Arild Jorstad, G. Mavko, and John Reidar Granli
313

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Acoustic Impedance
– near offset

IA = e

2∫ R(0 )dt

I A = ρVP
“Elastic” Impedance
– far offset

IE = e

2∫ R(θ)dt

I E = f(ρ,VP ,VS, θ)
(see, for example, Mukerji et al., and Connolly, both in SEG meeting extended abstracts 1998)
314

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Acoustic Impedance

Elastic Impedance

315

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

North Sea Example

Cross-plot of elastic impedance at 30o vs. acoustic impedance for different lithofacies and fluids.

316

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Near offset stack

Far offset stack

317

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

318

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Near offset acoustic impedance vertical sections

Far offset elastic impedance vertical sections

319

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Near offset acoustic impedance time slices

Far offset elastic impedance time slices

320

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

321

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Vertical sections showing lithofacies classification based on linear discriminant analysis.

322

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

IsoProbability Surfaces
Near and Far Offset Impedances

Blue at top shows 90% probability of shale. Red (middle) shows 80% probability of oil sand.

323

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Classification success rate at well.

324

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Australia Example

Cross-plot of elastic impedance vs. acoustic impedance.

325

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Classification success rate at wells.

326

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Gulf of Mexico Example

Cross-plot of elastic impedance vs. acoustic impedance.

327

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

Gulf of Mexico Example

Cross-plot of elastic impedance vs. acoustic impedance.

328

Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko

Near and Far Offset Impedances

• • • •

Seismic inversion in conjunction with statistical rock physics classification to map 3D spatial distribution of facies and fluids. Near and Far offset impedances (AI-EI). Obtain not only the most likely facies, given the inherent natural variability, but also quantify the uncertainty. Framework for an efficient strategy to optimally combine statistical techniques with physically based seismic-to-reservoir properties transforms.

329

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful