You are on page 1of 7

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932
(This list honours those who lost their lives during construction of the Welland Ship Canal, 1914-1933)
Place of Burial

Overall # WSC ## by Year Date

Section Name

Age Cause of Accident

Birthplace

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

[0] [0A] 1 2 3 4 5 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

23 Jul. 5 Aug. 19 Sep. 26 Oct. 02 Nov. 18 Nov. 07 Dec. 30 Dec.

3 3 1 1 5 1 2 2

1914 ■ Robinson, George William ■ Patterson, John A. Benasho, Stana Fiore, Gineseppe Duflo, Stanley Pakalo, Osip ● Wilson, Arthur Moratt, John 1915 Eliashevich, Estafy Mastenicola, Comelio West, James Crowe, Edwin Farris, Guiseppe Aiello, Carmine Montemarrow, Antonia ▲ Nicolozzo, N. ▲ Willard, A. Payne, Hudson 1916 ● Garner, Richard Procopovitcy, Wasil

21 55 23 18 29 24 28 43

Crushed; train Crushed; dump car Drowned; dumping car Head crushed; dump car Fractured skull; boom Crushed; dump car Crushed; locomotive Crushed; locomotive

England Ireland Russia Canada Austria Russia England Italy

N/A O VLC VLC ~ VLC VLC VLC

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

12 Jan. 27 Apr. 20 May. 10 Jun. 14 Jun. 08 Aug. 10 Sep. 08 Oct. 09 Oct. 20 Nov.

1 5 3 3 1 3 3 5 1 2

Electrocuted; power wire Crushed; fall from train Crushed; train Crushed; stone Crushed; concrete bucket Crushed; conveyor pulley Electrocuted Fell beneath train Drowned 49 Crushed by train 19 20 43 28 24 32 22

Russia Italy Port Elgin, Ont. Italy Italy Italy

Richmond Twp., Ont.

VLC N/A O O VLC Thorold Thorold N/A N/A VLC

19 20

17 18

1 2

28 Feb. 01 Jul.

3 1

19 Crushed by train 28 Drowned

Selkirk, Man. Russia

O VLC

1917-18 NO FATALITIES Construction Suspended December 1916 due to World War I (All staff were relieved of duties April 30, 1917. A new Engineer-in-Charge was hired effective January 1, 1919 to resume work) 1919 Price, Benjamin ● Fennemore, Reginald

21 22

19 20

1 2

16 Jun. 25 Jun.

3 1

41 Fall from [rail]car on trestle 22 Drowned

England

VLC O

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

1

February 18, 2013

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932
(This list honours those who lost their lives during construction of the Welland Ship Canal, 1914-1933)
Place of Burial

Overall # WSC ## by Year Date

Section Name

Age Cause of Accident

Birthplace

23 24

21 22

1 2

21 Jun. 27 Sep.

5 1

1920 McDonald, David Wacpnovick, Michael 1921 Sharpe, Robert James Anderson, George Seaman, John Thomas 1922 ● Randucci, Luigi ● Chisholm, Alexander Daniel 1923 Cherrier, Antonie Joseph 1924 Kennedy, David Monsson, Otto Moronk, Ivan Kellett, Benjamin Dugan, Manus Caseron, Attilio ● De Biase, John Douglas, William Charles Hutchison, William James Lindsay, Thomas Warren Lacroix, Wilfred Earl Larocque, Gorman ■ Gordon, William James

26 Drowned 26 Drowned

Poland Russia

? VLC

25 26 27

23 24 25

1 2 3

17 Feb. 08 Mar. 06 Jul.

1 3 3

25 Fall from lock wall 29 Crushed; shovel bucket 54 Heat prostration

Niagara Twp., Ont. Finland England

N VLC VLC

28 29

26 27

1 2

14 Jan. 06 Sep.

3 1

57 Fall from trestle 23 Buried in sand

VLC Italy O Inverness, Cape Breton, N.S.

30

28

1

11 Mar.

1

34 Drowned

O

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

31 29 30 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 40 39 [40A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

03 Mar. 24 Mar. 29 Apr. 17 May. 03 Jul. 05 Jul. 13 Aug. 15 Aug. 16 Aug. 25 Aug. 08 Nov. 08 Nov. 09 Nov.

5 3 3 3 2 3 1 8 2 2 3 3 1

34 38 24 69 48 40 44 33 44 60 21 25 53

Struck by falling ice Struck by falling ice Struck by crow bar Bank slipped; fell Fell in lock Struck by shovel Electrocuted Caught between [railway] cars Fell over lock wall Blasting; struck by clay Crushed; steel form Crushed; steel form Struck by construction train

O Thorold Jugo Slav [Yugoslavia] VLC VLC England O Thorold Italy VLC Italy W England VLC Ireland Windsor Junction, N.S. VLC Thorold Calumet, Que. O Calumet, Que. VLC Grantham Twp., Ont. Scotland

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

2

February 18, 2013

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932
(This list honours those who lost their lives during construction of the Welland Ship Canal, 1914-1933)
Place of Burial

Overall # WSC ## by Year Date

Section Name

Age Cause of Accident

Birthplace

44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

23 Jan. 27 May. 08 Jun. 01 Aug. 01 Aug. 09 Aug. 16 Oct. 20 Nov. 12 Dec.

8 8 8 3 3 3 8 8 8

1925 Murray, Murdo Campbell, Ross William MacDonald, Donald Lynch, Elzior Lynch, Leo Alder, Thomas Kruzle, John Ostarjas, Joseph Brady, Timothy H. 1926 ■ Pearce, Amos Lloyd ● Macdonald, Daniel Watt, Alvin Beeton Martinell, Joseph Bentiskul, Alexander Mike Horton, James Austin Jusko, Stephen Pirro, Charles Swan, John Wodella, John 1927 Mahon, Ira E. Saunders, James Koran, John Kornan Plantedi, Franceico ■ Collini, Antonio Wylde, Elmer Boyle, Peter Joseph Wachawic, Martin Bisson, Achille Nealis, Henry Moses Lethbridge, Robert W.

23 34 26 58 20 46 26 25 58

Fall from derrick chain Crushed; steam shovel Dynamite explosion Collapse Blaw-Knox form Collapse Blaw-Knox form Collapse Blaw-Knox form Drowned Crushed; dump car Run over by train

W W W Thorold Thorold O W W Jugoslavia [Yugoslavia] W Scotland Humberstone, Ont. Scotland Rygaou, Que. Chutablondau, Que. England

53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

[49A] 50 53 51 54 52 55 56 57 58

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

18 Mar. 26 Jun. 05 Jul. 08 Jul. 12 Jul. 22 Jul. 25 Sep. 08 Oct. 23 Oct. 01 Nov.

2 8 6 8 6 7 3 4 6 7

34 52 18 36 45 47 28 28 21 46

Crushed; train Drowned Drowned Drowned Struck by dragline bucket Crushed; falling timber Electrocuted Killed by drill Drowned Struck by train

Grantham Twp., Ont. Canada Haliburton, Ont. Italy Austria Gainsboro Twp, Ont. Austria Italy Scotland Hungary

VLC O VLC W W W Thorold VLC W W

63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73

59 60 61 62 [62A] 63 64 65 67 66 68

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

28 Jan. 23 May. 29 May. 15 Jul. 26 Jul. 28 Jul. 08 Aug. 13 Nov. 10 Dec. 10 Dec. 20 Dec.

7 8 7 3 2 6 3 2 7 7 7

48 36 36 45 15 20 29 26 29 36 47

Crushed by crane boom Drowned Fall Drowned Fall from lock wall Crushed; locomotive Crushed under [rail]car Struck by train Crushed and drowned by collapse of Crushed and drowned by collapse of Crushed and drowned by collapse of

North Wakefield, Que. Hungaria [Hungary] Italy Italy Welland, Ont. England Poland Quebec York Co., N.B. Port Hope, Ont.

O W W Thorold VLC W W VLC W O O

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

3

February 18, 2013

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932
(This list honours those who lost their lives during construction of the Welland Ship Canal, 1914-1933)
Place of Burial

Overall # WSC ## by Year Date

Section Name

Age Cause of Accident

Birthplace

74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101

69 72 70 71 73 74 75 76 78 80 79 82 81 86 87 83 84 77 85 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

1928 ▲ Farracci, Rocco 17 Jan. 6 McCoy, James Wesley 04 Feb. 3 04 Feb. 4B Biancho, Carlo 04 Feb. 4B Whitwell, Lorne Edmon Szolonyik, Peter 10 Mar. 6 Mattei, Guiseppe 29 Mar. 3 ● Morin, Edward Joseph 05 Apr. 6 Bode, John 01 May. 6 Bayusz, Michael 23 Jul. 6 Boccioletti, Louis 01 Aug. 3 Carrig, Joseph 01 Aug. 3 McArthur, James Sr. 01 Aug. 3 McArthur, James Campbell 01 Aug. 3 McMullen, Samuel 01 Aug. 3 Overholt, William Chester 01 Aug. 3 Smalko, Fred 01 Aug. 3 ● Talashkewich, William 01 Aug. 3 03 Aug. Gate YardSawchuk, James Dion, Leon 03 Aug. 3 Wilson, Alexander 03 Aug. 3 Simmons, John Lester 20 Aug. 8 McInnis, Charles 29 Sep. 6 Demoulin, Joseph 20 Oct. 4 Koner, Mike 21 Oct. 4 Kady, Charles 14 Nov. 8 Thomson, Robert Ramage 23 Nov. 3 Kopniak, Steve 05 Dec. 8 Frada, Louis 08 Dec. 3

38 29 32 27 33 24 27 36 34 29 59 36 21 51 38 38 22 33 34 51 24 31 59 38 19 18 49

Fall from trestle Struck by chain blocks; fall Explosion Explosion Blow from bucket Fall Caught in gears on dredge Smothered; slide of earth Fall Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Tractor overturned Collapse of crane & gate Collapse of crane & gate Struck by cable Struck by falling pole Buried by slide of bank Buried by slide of bank Crushed by falling timber Fall into lock Smothered; gravel Fall

Lyndoch, Ont. Italy Stoney Creek, Ont. Hungary Italy Quebec Hungary Hungary Italy Ireland Ireland Scotland Scotland Louth Twp., Ont. Ukrania [Ukraine] Russia Ukrania [Ukraine] Sherbrooke, Que. Scotland Point Anne, Ont. P.E.I. Grenville, Que. Austria Hungary Scotland Saskatchewan Italy

N/A Thorold Thorold S W VLC W W W Thorold Thorold VLC VLC Thorold VLC VLC VLC VLC O VLC Thorold W Thorold Thorold W Thorold W Thorold

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

4

February 18, 2013

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932
(This list honours those who lost their lives during construction of the Welland Ship Canal, 1914-1933)
Place of Burial

Overall # WSC ## by Year Date

Section Name

Age Cause of Accident

Birthplace

102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111

97 98 99 101 100 102 103 104 105 106

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

22 Mar. 06 Apr. 26 Apr. 15 May. 15 May. 06 Jun. 07 Sep. 03 Oct. 11 Oct. 21 Oct.

8 8 7 7 7 2 2 2 8 6

1929 ● Nottingham, D. Fergus Bassett, Francis Fernley ▲ Stanbury, William Fater, John Lengjel, Daniel Stahl, Joseph Pollard, Thomas McKinley, Archibald Bassett, William F. Poalozzi, Felco

34 Drowned 23 Crushed; locom. crane Drowned 24 Drowned 34 Head crushed by timber 64 Fall into lock 34 Fall from Bridge 5 44 Electrocuted 43 Crushed; bridge ct wt, Bridge 21 46 Crushed; truck

O W N/A W Hungary Jugo Slavia [Yugoslavia] W St. Joe, Missouri, USA Thorold W Newfoundland VLC Ireland W England Thorold Italy Utica, N.Y. England

112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119

107 108 111 109 110 112 113 114

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

27 Jan. 03 Apr. 19 Jun. 19 Jun. 19 Jun. 30 Jun. 03 Jul. 27 Oct.

4 3 4 4 4 6 7 3

1930 Radford, David Ryan, Andrew ▲ Hansler, Sheldren Smith, Edward Albert Tice, Lloyd Burton Corkum, Albert Hines, Elmer Berardi, Frank 1931 NO FATALITIES

49 Shafting pulley 47 Fall Electrocuted 28 Electrocuted 25 Electrocuted 25 Legs amputated - shock 21 Crushed; Bridge 14 46 Drowned

VLC VLC N/A W Power Glen, Ont. W Thorold Twp., Ont. Whitefield, New HampshireO VLC Dunnville, Ont. S Italy England Scotland

120 121 122 123 124

115 [115A] 116 117 118

1 2 3 4 5

1932 07 Apr. N.D.(2) Benson, Henry ■ Oneschuk, Michael 30 Jul. 5? Hawthorne, John William 18 Oct. 2 20 Oct. 4B Kuchenbecker, Luther Watt, Harry 03 Nov. 3

53 36 54 37 21

Fall Struck by falling tree Struck by timber Struck by snapped cable on dredge Drowned

Ontario Ukraine Collingwood, Ont. USA Haliburton, Ont.

VLC VLC VLC O VLC

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

5

February 18, 2013

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932
Birthplace Origins of Canal Fatalities

Birthplace # of Fatalities Ontario Italy England Scotland Quebec Hungary 20 18 11 9 9 7

Birthplace Ireland Austria Russia USA Ukraine Yugoslavia

# of Fatalities 5 4 5 4 3 3

Birthplace Poland Nova Scotia Manitoba New Brunswick Newfoundland

# of Fatalities 2 2 1 1 1

Birthplace P.E.I. Saskatchewan Canada Finland Unknown TOTAL

# of Fatalities 1 1 2 1 14 124

▲ No official Provincial Death Registration yet located. ■ Not on the original "In Memoriam" list found by Styran & Taylor in NAC, RG 43, Vol. 2168, but nevertheless later verified by contemporary accounts and / or family tradition. ● Slight variation(s) in initial(s) / name(s) between WSC lists and official Registration. (For these, consult the St. Catharines Museum's work sheets in its Research Centre) Key: Place of Burial ~ d./lived elsewhere so supposed not buried here ? d. St.C/Grantham (or lived here) but unk. if buried here N/A not given or available

N O S

buried Niagara ([Town]/Twp.) out of area buried Stamford Twp./Niagara Falls

Thorold buried Thorold VLC Victoria Lawn Cemetery W buried Welland [City]/County

The initial list of Fatal Accidents was provided by Roberta Styran and Rob Taylor, from Library & Archives Canada, RG 43, Vol. 2168, File 780.4 and RG 43, Vol. 2181, File 1035.1. The list has been further updated by Alex Ormston, with assistance from Stan Lapinski, from the official Ontario Provincial Registrar's Register of Deaths, and from newspaper reports from the period. The dates on this list are the actual death dates and therefore may differ from the date of the individual accident causing the fatality.

The spelling of names on this list is as recorded in the official Deaths Registry (due to the fact that the spelling of names varies widely between the Welland Canal's list, the newspaper article about the accident, and the official Register of Deaths). In some cases, an initial has been included for additional given names recorded on the Welland Ship Canal list of Fatal Accidents. Also added to the original list of 118 names are six additional fatalities found by different individuals and now included in the reference files of the St. Catharines Museum. For purposes of construction, the Canal was divided into eight Sections. Section 3 was in the vicinity of the Niagara Escarpment and included the Flight Locks (4,5,6) and Lock 7. Onethird (40) of the total fatalities took place in this two-mile stretch of Canal. Of the 124 recorded deaths which occurred during the Canal's construction, the greatest causes of death resulted from being crushed (29), drowning (22), falls (20), and being struck by objects (18). The year of the greatest number of fatalities was 1928 (the 28 deaths included 10 killed in the single incident of the lock gate collapse of August 1st). No fatalities occurred in 1917 and 1918 (when construction was suspended), or in 1931. The youngest who died was only 15, a water boy (Antonio Collini - 1927), and the oldest was 69 (Benjamin Kellett - 1924). The average age at death was 34.9 years. A father and son (James McArthur Sr. & Jr.) were killed on the same day in 1928 and another individual died after only three hours on the job (Michael ?ayusz - 1928). One of the last killed in 1932 – 8 days before the Canal’s Official Opening – was Michael Onyschuk. It was his first day on the job and he died within an hour of arriving at the job site. They were clearing trees that were too close to the Canal channel. The very first tree fell the wrong way, crushing the fleeing victim. Despite having a fractured spine, broken leg, internal injuries, and severe shock, he made it to the hospital but died just as his wife arrived. Oneschuk was from the Ukraine and emigrated in 1928, fulfilling a dream to be able to come to Canada to provide a better life for his family. Two years later, he brought

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

6

January 30, 2013 / August 18, 2011

APPENDIX A

Department of Railways and Canals WELLAND SHIP CANAL Fatal Accidents 1914-1932

"Peace has its heroes as well as war , and in a construction job of this magnitude, with its daily risk and hazard, the sacrifices of human life seems to be unavoidable. It is only right and proper that we should give a thought to the 115 men who lost their lives during the progress of the work. In due course we shall see that the names of these workmen are suitably preserved and made an enduring portion of the great structure that rises not only as a monument to their effort and their lives, but to the efforts of the thousands of working men and engineering helpers whose unremitting toil, often in the face of difficulty and discouragement, made possible the triumph of the present hour.”
Dr. R.J. Manion, Minister of Railways & Canals - St. Catharines Standard , p.4, 10 August 1932

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_2\142524516.xls.ms_office

6

January 30, 2013 / August 18, 2011