Diagnostic Package-Assisted Trunk Pipeline Inspection Technology Multi-channel Geometry Tool

Name: Diagnostic Package-Assisted Trunk Pipeline Inspection Technology Multi-channel Geometry Tool (MCGT) Number: EOOG-032-MCGT-10 Date: March 11’ 2010

EOOG-032-MCGT-10 2

March 11’ 2010

.......20 8.....................21 9..6 3..............TABLE OF CONTEXT: 1.............4 2....19 7............... REMOVAL OF MCGT FROM SCRAPER RECEIVER......................... CLEANING OF MCGT.....16 6.................. INTRODUCTION............ TRACKING OF MCGT ALONG THE PIPELINE......................................................25 10.................. IDENTIFYING CALIPER RUNNING CONDITIONS..... LAUNCHING OF MCGT....... PECULIARITIES OF RUNNING CALIPER BY AIR.......................8 4. ENTRY OF MULTI-CHANNEL GEOMETRY TOOL (MCGT)........................................27 EOOG-032-MCGT-10 3 March 11’ 2010 .................... TERMS AND DEFINITIONS..................... RECEIVING OF MCGT........10 5....

data processing station – 1 item. Operations of geometry inspection include: cleaning scraper run to clean the internal surface of a pipeline from dirt and sand as well as to remove foreign matters and construction wastes. The package configuration includes the following in-line MCGTs: . out-of-roundness and projecting of valve components into a pipeline). EOOG-032-MCGT-10 4 March 11’ 2010 .1. . . portable PC – 1 item. In-line geometry inspection of a long distance oil transmission pipeline section is conducted by means of a Multi-channel Geometry Tool with the aim to identify controllability of a pipeline section by detecting of defects of geometry and manifestation of the pipeline features (dents. and surface auxiliary equipment: . geometry tool launch to verify a pipeline bore and to define pipeline positioning coordinates. buckles. . portable receiver – 2 items).Multi-channel Geometry Tool with Navigation System.acoustic locators.GPS receiver HiPer+ or its equivalent – 3 items (stationary receiver – 1 item. INTRODUCTION The present Technology has been elaborated by specialists of EOOG (Energy Overseas Oil and Gas) based on the existing requirements of standard-technical documentation (including POF Specification) During construction or rehabilitation of a trunk pipeline. it is mandatory to examine a pipe wall and seam welds for defects by in-line inspection at the stage of commissioning.cleaning scrapers.tray.

receiving in a scraper receiver.launching. 2. . the MCGT shall be prepared for operation. Prior to shipping of the Multi-channel Geometry Tool (MCGT) to a scraper launcher. ENTRY OF MULTI-CHANNEL GEOMETRY TOOL (MCGT) Initial Position: All scraper launcher pipeline valves shall be closed and a product shall be released.route seekers.tracking along the pipeline. . 2. install cable clamps on coating-free areas.entry into a scraper launcher.reference marker transmitters.3.. purge the scraper launcher by inert gas. Open a cap of the scraper launcher and let air in at least 15 minutes. MCGT run shall be scheduled beyond the explosive area with a scraper launcher closed. If necessary (under the Operator norms and engineering documents). lift the MCGT tray from a transport facility and put it near the scraper launcher. . .2. Using a hoist. . . The following operations are to be accomplished to run each in-line tool: .locators.removal from a scraper receiver. Connect ground cable between the scraper launcher and the tray.1. Caution! It is prohibited to connect or disconnect a cable with the open cap of the scraper launcher! 2. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 5 March 11’ 2010 . 2. in accordance with the appropriate operating documents.

Disconnect slings and take aside the crane jib. Fig.5. Pull the MCGT slowly and gradually into the scraper launcher using entry bars till the first sleeve comes into the nominal size scraper launcher section. 2.2. 1). Install the tray on the ground. Using a hoist. While the tray is slung. lower its feet to the ground and secure them on the tray by lock pins. 2.4. MCGT nose shall be toward the scraper launcher. 1: Entry of MCGT into a Scraper Launcher EOOG-032-MCGT-10 6 March 11’ 2010 . lift the tray with the MCGT and position it in such a way that its forefront would be against the open scraper receiver and the tray bottom and the lower end of the scraper receiver will be at the same level. when a product will be supplied to the scraper launcher (refer to Fig.6. The back of the sensor carrier shall be positioned out of a product flow.

2. gate valves V 2. 2. This position of MCGT will ensure its travel from the scraper launcher to a pipeline by a product flow.10 Assemble and load the tray on a vehicle and ship it at the scraper receiver site. V 4. LAUNCHING OF MCGT 3. 2): MCGT is positioned in the scraper launcher in such a way that its front sleeve comes into the nominal size scraper launcher section.9 Disconnect the ground cable from the scraper launcher. V 3.7 Using a hoist. T 1. Gate valve V 1 . 2.8 Close the scraper launcher cap. remove the tray from the scraper launcher to close the scraper launcher cap. T 2 and Т 3 .1 Scraper Launcher Initial Position (refer to Fig.Warning! MCGT shall be pulled into the scraper launcher in such a way that the front sleeve of the drive section comes into the nominal size scraper launcher section. 3. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 7 March 11’ 2010 . 2. 2.close Fig.open.

The gate valves V 3 and V4 remain closed.6.9. Using the locator.4 Supply a product to the scraper launcher gradually by gate valves V 3 and V4. Equalize pressure between a pipeline (pressure gauge Р1) and the scraper launcher (pressure gauge Р2) by opening and closing the valve V 3. 3.8. Close the gate valves of plungers Т 1 and Т 2. 3.5. Start closing the gate valve V1. Stops and travel of MCGT at the velocity lower than 0. MCGT will commence to travel from the scraper launcher to the pipeline.2 Install a locator receiver (LR) at the scraper launcher outlet gate valve upstream. Fig. 3. until a product comes out of plungers Т 1 and Т 2. 3. Open the gate valve V 2 fully. the T-piece and SPI Series indicator (Fig. Operator shall set the flow (Q1) velocity at a long distance pipeline as approved by Customer and Contractor (in a range: from 0.10. Open the gate valve V3.11. 3. 3. 3. 3. 3. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 8 March 11’ 2010 . Close gate valves V 3 and V 4.7.2 m/sec are not allowed) and wait until the flow velocity becomes steady. watch the MCGT passage through the scraper launcher outlet gate valve. 3. 3.2 to 3 m/sec.).3.3 Open the gate valves of plungers Т 1 and Т 2.

12. The cleaning scraper equipped with remote signal transmitter will travel along a pipeline and it will be tracked by the acoustic locator or aurally at valves locations (gate valves and plungers). antennae of which are fitted under the bumper grate in the forefront and ground tracking devices that include locators. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 9 March 11’ 2010 . To track the MCGT by the acoustic noise produced during its travel along a pipeline. they shall be needed to refer inspection data to particular oil pipeline locations and shall be installed at the reference marker locations.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS To track MCGT.13. acoustic locators may be applied.3. The locator receivers designed to track the MCGT during their travel along a pipeline. 4. 3. as well as at exposed pipeline sections. Tracking teams with the locator receivers shall arrive at the reference marker location not later than 20 minutes before the expected time of the MCGT passage. Open the gate valve V 1 fully as soon as the locator will detect the MCGT at the first reference marker. The MCGT transceivers generate low frequency electromagnetic signals that are received by the locator receiver antenna on the ground surface from 3 meters from the transmitter in a pipeline. Isolate the scraper launcher by closing the gate valves V 2 and V 3. TRACKING OF MCGT ALONG THE PIPELINE 4. the following facilities are applied: MCGT transceivers.

4. 4: General View of Marker Signal Logger (MSL) and its faceplate EOOG-032-MCGT-10 10 March 11’ 2010 .2 REFERENCE MARKER WORK PROCEDURE Fig.

Efficiency of transmitting device (TD) signal detection depends on the distance between the axes.2. see Fig.2.4 For more exact detection of MCGT it is necessary to find minimum strength of a signal by putting MSL antenna axis 90° to the pipeline axis. 5 (b).2 When MSL is logged. there is a specific periodic sound signal accompanied by four or more flashing indicators. 7.4. 4. Efficiency of TD signal detection is maximum when MSL antenna axis is parallel to the pipeline axis. It is acceptable to change sensitivity of MSL during search to watch the signal alteration. there is a specific sound signal accompanied by four or more flashing indicators.2.2.2. 4. Longitudinal axis of MSL should be parallel to pipeline axis.2.2.1 Place MSL at a minimum possible distance above the pipeline at the location where an in-line MCGT or a cleaning scraper is expected to pass (control point).1 Move MSL along the pipeline as close as possible to its axis. see Fig. (a).2.2.3 While approaching to MCGT it is necessary to reduce sensitivity of MSL gradually and keep the number of flashing indicators between five and six in order to identify a location with maximum strength of the signal. 4. MSL antenna axis should be parallel to the pipeline axis.1 LOGGING OF A MOVING MCGT 4.2 When MSL is logged.2. fixed on a flaw detector. 4.2.1. The location where the MSL signal strength is maximum corresponds to the location of TD antenna.2.2 LOGGING OF A STATIONARY MCGT 4.1.2. 4. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 11 March 11’ 2010 .

3.2. 4. 4. 4.2.1 Prior to placement of MSL in a marker point it is essential to synchronize timers of the MCGT and MSL.3.2.2. 4. 5: Variants of MSL antenna positioning over the pipeline axis.1 After MSL placement in a marker point and adjustment of due sensitivity turn“recording enable” on.3 APPLICATION OF MSL FOR LOGGING OF MCGT PASSAGE MOMENT 4. This procedure is carried out immediately before launching of the MCGT.3 After passage of MCGT turn the power of MSL or “recording enable” off.4 Copying of received data and its subsequent processing are made with a special computer program.Fig.5 In order to increase reliability of marker work it is recommended to take into account the following rules: EOOG-032-MCGT-10 12 March 11’ 2010 .2.3. 4.3.2.3.

2. strictly above pipeline axis.4.2 Antenna can be placed horizontally above pipeline. 4.5. Fig.1 Placement of MSL in marker points during tracking of MCGT should be made in the following way: antenna (MSL axis) can be placed vertically. 6.2. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 13 March 11’ 2010 .7. Fig.3.5.3. parallel to pipeline axis.

It is important to choose optimum type of MSL placement to reduce the influence of disturbance. 5. RECEIVING OF MCGT 5. 8. Fig. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 14 March 11’ 2010 . high speed of MCGT motion or deep occurrence of the pipeline it is recommended to place two MSLs in every marker point: one is vertical.3.5. Note 1: Vertical placement is preferable. the other is horizontal.2. 8): The gate valve V1 is closed. since in this case (during postprocessing of obtained information) the moment of MCGT passage through the marker point is more exact. Note 2: In a situation of high disturbance. The gate valves V2 and V3 are opened.4.1 Scraper Receiver Initial Position (refer to Fig.3 Variant of antenna placement is subject to operator’s decision depending on existing disturbance in a marker point.

find the accurate position (± 20 см) of the transmitter antenna by the minimum signal to make sure that the MCGT entered the scraper receiver fully and the gate V2 will not obstruct to close it.3 Watch the MCGT passes "А" T-piece by the locator receiver.6 If the MCGT entered the scraper receiver fully.5 Carrying the locator along the scraper receiver (the antenna shall be perpendicular to the scraper receiver wall).6 Open the gate valve V1 fully. 5. 9. 5. close gate valves V2 and V3 sequentially.5. 5.4 Move the locator receiver to the scraper receiver to identify the MCGT position (transmitter antenna) at the scraper receiver. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 15 March 11’ 2010 .2 Position the locator receiver about 20 m from T-piece of the scraper receiver (refer to fig. 9). 5. Fig. 5.

6. If necessary. 6. REMOVAL OF MCGT FROM SCRAPER RECEIVER 6. Warning! Make sure the ground cable is clamped at coating-free sections! It is prohibited to connect or disconnect the ground cable with the open cap of the scraper receiver! 6. lift a tray from the transport facility and put it near the closed scraper receiver. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 16 March 11’ 2010 . 6.3 Release a product from the scraper receiver.5.4 Open the scraper receiver cap and remove remaining product. Make sure the ground cable runs along both sides.7. use an inert gas.1 Using a hoist.2 Connect a ground cable between the scraper entry facility and the scraper receiver. Release pressure in the scraper receiver.

7 Secure a wire in the bumper lug in the front of the MCGT. 6. It is prohibited to apply heavy tool or sharpedged tool.5 Wait 15 minutes to let fumes out of the scraper receiver or purge by inert gas. 6. Using a winch or a tractor. including cables.10 Disconnect the ground cable between the scraper receiver and the tray. as well as damages detected during initial inspection and cleaning shall be indicated in MCGT Acceptance Report. 6. take the MCGT run-related initial data and shut down the MCGT. 6. the MCGT shall be dried by clean rags. since it may damage connection cables and the odometer wheels.9 Close the scraper receiver cap. 6. Clean all MCGT components thoroughly. diesel fuel-wet rags may clean the MCGT. CLEANING OF MCGT 1. 2. If a steam facility is unavailable. Secure the MCGT in the tray to avoid offset. Remove possible deposits. 4.13 Axamine the MCGT visually.11 Move the tray with the MCGT beyond the dangerous zone of the scraper receiver (out of the safety guard). Adjust the feet and secure them. 3. 6. 6. Steam and water jetting will be the most appropriate cleaning technique.6 Lift the tray by hoist and position it in front of the scraper receiver opening so as its rear end is close to the open scraper receiver and the tray bottom is not higher than the scraper receiver bottom. Secure the MCGT tray on the scraper receiver to avoid offset.8 Remove the tray with the MCGT from the scraper receiver to close the scraper receiver cap. The amount of wax and tar deposits. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 17 March 11’ 2010 .6. until it is completely placed on the tray.12 According to the MCGT operation guidelines. pull the MCGT smoothly from the scraper receiver. 7. 6. Upon cleaning.

Head of the product carries a bumper. Increased wear of cup-type seals in large-diameter pipelines could be handled using support wheels for the caliper body. The wheels roll over the pipeline inner surface tracking all its irregularities. support wheels. examine the external condition of the MCGT and execute the appropriate "MCGT Acceptance Report". and low-frequency transmitter. 11). Rear part of the product contains odometers. As distinct from running with the help of liquid. Components of the Caliper The product mainly consists of the body (Figure 10. . Base of the wheels contains instrument transducers capable of measuring all pipeline geometrics. 8. Cup-type seals align the product within the pipeline and enable its movement through the pipeline with the medium. Service life of the support wheels is no less than 250 km. pressure drop contributing to in-line inspection tool movement heavily depends on the force of the tool friction against pipeline wall. PECULIARITIES OF RUNNING CALIPER BY AIR Essentials Major issues related to running caliper with the help of air: .5. Such force heavily depends on deposits covering pipeline inner wall. They assist in reducing wear of cup-type seals.difficulties in choosing compressor duty.non-uniform movement of caliper with stops and brisk accelerations (in excess of maximum allowable 8 m/s). with rate-of-turn sensors. Data from rate-of-turn sensors enter EOOG-032-MCGT-10 18 March 11’ 2010 .increased wear of cup-type seals. The wheels serve as an additional support for the body and reduce cup-type seals pressure. When the MCGT is cleaned to a degree that allows to ship it to the operation facility. The body holds cuptype seals. .

electronics unit to undergo further processing. while its rear part contains a ringbolt used to withdraw the product from the pipeline receiver and handling operations. contains an eye used to insert the product into the launcher (when pulling it in). Data related to traveled distance. Version 48-PM EOOG-032-MCGT-10 19 March 11’ 2010 . 10. Fig. Bumper. speed and acceleration will be transmitted from odometers to the same electronics unit.

Fig. 11. Version 38-PM EOOG-032-MCGT-10 20 March 11’ 2010 .

but identify service conditions adequate for ensuring allowable caliper travel speed. Joint application of the caliper and foam pig will enable to negotiate the heaviest pipeline sections changing no compressor duty.).5 to 4 m/s (for short periods: no less than 0. At particularly heavy route sections. In the course of the run. laying conditions and elevation differences. Caliper run should without fail be preceded with cleaning pig run. technical personnel will not only assess pipeline cleaning degree.9.). application of T-joints. steel grades and equipment used for in-line operations (compressors etc. IDENTIFYING CALIPER RUNNING CONDITIONS Pipelines vary in terms of design (according to terrain peculiarities. Personnel accompanying the caliper along the pipeline route will make rapid calculation of its travel speed using obtained results to adjust compressor duty.2 m/s and no more than 8 m/s) the caliper shall move continuously for XYZ Mapping. Therefore. Equipment service conditions shall correspond to the pre-set parameters: speed from 0. gate valves etc. the Customer’s technical personnel should run a foam pig behind the caliper. caliper running conditions would be identified based on cleaning pig running results. Peculiarities of running caliper during dewatering: Running caliper to displace water left after hydrotesting almost does not differ from its run with the help of liquid (crude or water). where the caliper may stick. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 21 March 11’ 2010 .

A peculiarity: Prior to running a caliper. Motion mode could be adjusted by reducing / increasing liquid outflow from the pipeline. Caliper motion mode will be controlled by technical personnel operating the pipeline at the run start as soon as the caliper leaves checkpoint I behind. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 22 March 11’ 2010 . technical personnel operating the pipeline will calculate water displacement conditions depending on air feed flow rate and potential water flow rate.

means an in-line intpection tool designed to clean a pipe and a pipe wall from wax and tar deposits as well as from foreign matters. buckles. means detection of defects and anomalies in a pipeline by means of in-line inspection tool. Transmitting Device or Transmitter means a device generating low frequency electromagnetic pulses and emitting them through a dedicated aerial. LDOTP Customer Contractor Flaw Detection Cleaning Scraper Multi-channel Geometry Tool (MCGT) Equipped with Navigation System means an in-line inspection tool designed to detect such features as dents. bend radius and angle and in some cases considerable areas of internal corrosion during inline geometry inspection and also to define pipeline positioning coordinates. It is mounted on an in-line inspection tool to detect its location from the ground surface. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 23 March 11’ 2010 . TERMS AND DEFINITIONS The following acronyms and terms with appropriate definitions shall be used in the Technology: Pipeline A system of pipes and other components used for the transportationof products between (but excluding ) plants. to the first isolation valve within the plant boundaries or a more inward valve if so nominated.10. ovality. A pipeline extends from pig trap to pig trap (including the pig traps). means a long distance oil transmission pipeline. if no pig trap is fitted. means an owner of an oil pipeline that enters into agreement with the Contractor to execute LDOTP inspection-related operations. or. means a Customer-contracted dedicated company conducting cross-country pipeline diagnostics.

washouts.Locator or Marker Signal Logger means a surface hand-held device designed to detect low frequency transmitters-fitted in-line inspection tools in a pipeline by means of signals to be produced. with associated pipeworks and valves. EOOG-032-MCGT-10 24 March 11’ 2010 . etc means a distortion of the pipe wall resulting in a change of the internal diameter but not necessarily resulting in localized of wall thickness Acoustic Locator Buckle Dent Launching/Receiving Trap means an ancilliary item of pipeline equipment. land slides. means a surface hand-held device designed to detect in-line inspection tool passage through a location of a pipeline by the acoustic noise means a partial collapse of the pipe due to excessive bending or compression associated with soil instability. frost heaves. earthquakes. for introducing and removing MCGT from a pipeline.