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SYMPTOMS

DIAGNOSIS

SELF-CARE

Begin Here 1. Do you have a fever, cold symptoms, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea? You may have the FLU or a COLD or GASTROENTERITIS, Yes the stomach flu.

Get plenty of rest a drink plenty of fluid Use over-the-count medicine to relieve and flu symptoms a for diarrhea.

No 2. Do you have a severe headache, stiff neck and vomiting, and does normal light hurt your eyes? You may have MENINGITIS, a serious infection of the fluid around your brain and spinal cord, or Yes INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGE, bleeding inside the brain.

EMERGENCY
 Se your doctor or go to emergency room ri away.

No 3. Have you injured your head or been knocked out recently? You may have a CONCUSSION, or a SUBDURAL HEMATOMA, a serious Yes condition caused by blood pushing on your brain.

URGENT
 See you doctor right away.

No 4. Do you have numbness, tingling or weakness in the arms and legs? No You may be having a STROKE. Yes

EMERGENCY
 Se your doctor or go to emergency room ri away.

Do you have mild to You may have a TENSION moderate pain around HEADACHE. No 6. to relieve pain. Treat fever. Do you have pressure around your eyes. You ca . Do you have intense. No 7. such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. us over-the-counter medicine. to relieve pain. Gettin plenty of rest. headac and sore throat with over-the-counter medicines. your temples and does the pain occur during times of stress or after you have been sitting Yes in one position for a long time? Use over-the-count medicine.5. and is the pain sometimes preceded by seeing flashing lights or spots? You may suffer from MIGRAINE headaches. See you doctor if the pain becomes severe or your fever persists. takin hot shower and applying ice packs painful areas may a help. An over-the-counter decongestant and saline nasal spray m help relieve other symptoms. such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Yes See your doctor. H she can diagnose y problem and may prescribe prescripti medicine for migrai In the meantime. throbbing pain. often with nausea or vomiting. or do you have yellowish-green nasal discharge with a sore throat and a fever? Yes You may have a SINUS INFECTION. such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

and other headaches What are primary headaches? Primary headaches include migraine. There are three major categories of headaches: 1. 3. Because so many people suffer from headaches and because treatment sometimes is difficult.also rest in a dark r and apply ice packs and gentle pressure painful areas. What is a headache? A Headache is defined as a pain in the head or upper neck. • Tension headaches are the most common type of primary headache. and 
 cranial neuralgias. How are headaches classified? Headaches have numerous causes. 2. and cluster headaches. facial pain. primary headaches. Up to 90% of adults have had or will have tension headaches. it is hoped that the new classification system will allow health care practitioners come to a specific diagnosis as to the type of headache and to provide better and more effective treatment. and in 2007 the International Headache Society agreed upon an updated classification system for headache. tension. Tension . as well as a variety of other less common types of headache. It is one of the most common locations of pain in the body and has many causes. 
 secondary headaches.

000 people). Before puberty. Besides using . It is estimated that 6% of men and up to 18% of women will experience a migraine headache in their lifetime.• headaches occur more commonly among women than men.
 • Migraine headaches are the second most common type of primary headache. Relieving Tension Headaches Without Medication A majority of headache sufferers have tension headaches. An estimated 28 million people in the United States (about 12% of the population) will experience a migraine headache. There are numerous causes of this type of headache ranging from bleeding in the brain. Primary headaches can affect the quality of life. tumor. 
 • Cluster headaches are a rare type of primary headache affecting 0. It more commonly affects men in their late 20s though women and children can also suffer these types of headache. or meningitis and encephalitis. What are secondary headaches? Secondary headaches are those that are due to an underlying structural problem in the head or neck.1% of the population (1 in a 1. but after puberty. 4. they may be associated with symptoms that can mimic strokes or intracerebral bleeding. While these headaches are not life-threatening. Migraine headaches affect children as well as adults. more women than men are affected. Some people have occasional headaches that resolve quickly while others are debilitated. boys and girls are affected equally by migraine headaches.

Branson revealed that she suffered from a complex migraine. 2011 The video of reporter Serene Branson (KCBS-TV) slurring her speech and speaking gibberish while covering the Grammys has gone viral. • Comments (1) • Permalink • Share Stroke or Headache? When Migraine Symptoms Mimic Stroke Symptoms Wednesday February 23. there are also other ways to reduce tension in your life so these headaches become a thing of the past. longer days. she came down with a severe headache around 10PM. lunches in the park -. however. making headlines all over the country. with certain seasons being especially bad for people over other times of the year. The symptoms of a complex migraine. slurred speech and slight numbness on the side of the face. As she reviewed her notes. and these tips for avoiding weather-related triggers are a great starting point. 2011 Spring's arrival and summer just around the corner mean flowers blooming.and potential migraine triggers in the warmer forecast. "the words on the page are blurry" and she noticed . Many people wondered. did she have a stroke on air? Did she drink a little too much at the show? But during a follow up interview. There are proactive ways to try and ward migraines off before they strike.traditional anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving medications. As many sufferers know. changes in temperature and weather can spell trouble in the form of more migraine attacks. Read More Other Treatment Options • Preventing Headaches • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Use • Natural Headache Treatments Headaches & Migraines Avoiding Migraine Triggers Friday May 6. According to Branson. mimic that of a stroke.

While the symptoms of a complex migraine and a stroke may appear similar. Also. • Comments (3) • Permalink • Share Study IDs Possible Genetic Link to Migraines Wednesday September 1. having ." That's why it's a big deal that an international team of researchers. In fact. The symptoms only last up to an hour at the most.that her "thoughts were not forming the way they normally do. a cure for migraines would mean relief from debilitating pain. which was originally created to reduce wrinkles by inducing muscle contractions. the two conditions are different. especially for an extended period of time. If you are feeling any of the symptoms of a severe migraine. while stroke is caused by a restriction of blood to the brain. the effects of a complex migraine are reversible. 2010 As one in six women and one in 12 men well know. The FDA's new recommendation says that treatment every 12 weeks should be sufficient for chronic migraine sufferers. 2010 After a decade of study and debate. Patients who experience debilitating migraines 14 days a month or more may experience a reduction in their symptoms with injections in the face and neck of the drug. Allergan's onabotulinumtoxinA. the Food and Drug Administration has finally approved Botox to treat chronic migraines. A complex migraine is caused by an electrical malfunction in the brain. there was an numbness on the right side of her face that prevented of her from saying what she wanted." While on air. the World Health Organization ranks migraines 19th among all causes of "years lived with disability. don't hesitate to see a doctor. • Comments (8) • Permalink • Share FDA Approves Botox for Chronic Migraine Treatment Monday October 18.

these findings have the potential to affect migraine treatments down the line. The DNA variant in question affects the regulation of the neurotransmitter glutamate. such as MSG (monosodium glutamate). • Caffeine withdrawal. which can lead to spasm of the arteries in the head. Jaw problems . Tightening the muscles. identified a genetic risk factor associated with common migraines. such as amines. what we eat and when we eat it plays a significant role in headache and migraine.000 people. shoulders. A good example is neck pain leading to headache. which explains why the condition is so common. Diet and food sensitivities According to some studies. Recurring headache can be caused by different factors working together. 7. elevated heart rate and blood pressure. Reducing the levels of endorphins. A headache is experienced when various structures of the head and neck are irritated. including: 5. 6. • Food additives.studied data from 50. Stress can cause or worsen a headache in a number of ways. The sensation of pain can be ‘referred’. Lowering a person’s tolerance to pain. • Naturally occurring chemicals in foods. It seems that this variant's effect is to thwart the clearance of glutamate from the synapses. 
 Stress and muscular tension Stress is thought to trigger the body’s ‘fight or flight’ response. with around 15 per cent of us taking painkillers for a headache at any given time. which means the irritation in one area can transmit the feeling of pain via associated nerves to another area. particularly of the upper back. There are different types of headache and many different causes. commonly caused by regular and excessive consumption of coffee and tea. Nullifying the effects of medications like painkillers. This is because headache is one of the most common illnesses in Australia. potentially resulting in a migraine-inducing neurotransmitter buildup. which are the body’s natural painkilling chemicals. Needless to say. 8. which is characterised by shallow breathing. Different causes of headache include: • Fluctuations in blood sugar levels. neck and head. and increased amounts of ‘stress chemicals’ like adrenaline. It is likely that nearly all of us will experience headache during our lifetimes.

Some of the more common include: • Sinus problems .brain tumour is a relatively rare cause of recurrent headache. or perforation of the ear drum.such as blows to the ear. nose and throat disorders There are many disorders of the ear. • Tumours . Some studies suggest that reduced levels of the sex hormone oestrogen around the time of menstruation may be to blame. • Trauma . Ear. • Hayfever .caused by infection. and some researchers believe that sex hormones play a key role. nose and throat that can cause recurring headache. • Infection .of the ear.the general term for any type of inflammation of the inner ear. caused by either bacteria or viruses. inflamed or damaged nerves can bring on headache. . such as long-sightedness. • Tonsillitis . as well as referred pain to the face and head.an infection most often caused by the bacterium streptococcus. post-extraction infection and difficulties with the joint of the jaw can cause pain in the local area. nose or throat.Dental abscesses.when the immune system overreacts to such irritants as pollen. For around half of these women. flu or allergic reactions such as hayfever. Eye diseases like glaucoma can cause headache by referring pain into the structures of the head. Hormonal influences Migraines affect more women than men. migraine occurs in the few days prior to or following their menstrual period. The nervous system Irritated.some health conditions. such as hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes. can cause the blood vessels to become damaged. Some causes include: • Haemorrhages . Eye problems If a person has difficulties with their vision. cold. • Labyrinthitis . they tend to squint and strain the eye muscles in order to better focus their vision. Misaligned teeth can also increase muscular tension in the jaw and contribute to recurring headache.

Other causes Headache and migraine can be caused or aggravated by a number of other factors. .• Infection .especially loud noises.extremes of heat and cold.some classes of these medications can aggravate headaches. Temporal arteritis . • Dehydration . vitamin deficiencies or trauma to the head or neck. • Temperature .can be caused by. including: • Poor posture .which affects blood pressure. which is inflammation of the membranes lining the brain and spinal cord. • Noise .which puts unnecessary strain on the muscles of the back and neck. for example. most common in elderly people.such as the combined pill. • Hangover .caused by abuse of alcohol or drugs.such as meningitis. • Painkillers .some over-the-counter medications can contribute to recurring headache if misused or overused. Medications and ‘rebound headache’ Some medications can aggravate headache in susceptible people. including: • Birth control pills .inflammation of the artery at the temple. • Nerve damage . • Drugs for diabetes . A tumors may also be to blame. which includes synthesised versions of the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone.