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B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 COMPUTER GRAPHICS (Information Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) (b) (a) (b) (a) (b) Discuss the functioning of joystick. Explain the construction and functioning of shadow mask- CRT devices. What is aliasing? Explain different methods of minimizing its effect. Explain the DDA algorithm for ellipse generation. What is meant by composite transformations? If P(x, y, z) is an object reference point for scaling, explain how the scaling operation is defined in terms of scaling with respect to the origin. What is viewing? Discuss about multiple views with suitable example. Elaborate on SPHIGS applications running in window-manager. Write algorithm for displaying a parametric cubic curve. Explain briefly about quadric surfaces. Write notes on the following: (a) Cell decomposition. (b) Spatial occupancy enumeration. (c) Octrees. Explain the concept of chromatic color in detail. (a) (b) Outline the key ideas behind the radiosity equation for rendering. Radiosity is most useful for what kinds of scenes. Describe, how hidden surface removal and projection are integrated into the ray-tracing process. *****

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B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 COMPUTER GRAPHICS (Information Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) (b) Explain the applications of large screen displays. What graphical output devices support it? How long would it take to load a 640 X 480 frame buffer with 12 bits per pixel, if 105 bits can be transferred per second? Discuss the steps involved in midpoint subdivision algorithm for clipping lines. What are the limitations of mid-point subdivision algorithm for clipping lines? Show how shear transformations expressed in terms of rotation and scaling. Give the transformation matrix for parallel and isometric projection. What are the different characteristics of retained-mode graphics package? Explain different types in defining structures. What are parametric cubic curves? Explain them with example. (a) (b) (a) (b) (a) (b) Explain solid geometry method in detail. Briefly write about modeling and co-ordinate transformations. How are colors generated in color monitor? Describe briefly. Explain dithering technique. Illustrate the key differences between flat shading, Gouraud shading and Phong shading of polygons. Describe the Z-buffer algorithm. For what type of scenes Z-buffer does not perform well? What effects are difficult to implement with Z-buffer? Explain why large difference between the far and near distances in the projection transformation will have a negative effect on Z-buffer performance. *****

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B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 COMPUTER GRAPHICS (Information Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) What is half toning? Distinguish between antialiasing and half toning. (b) How the size of frame buffer and resolution are related. Explain the algorithm for line clipping by Cohen- Sutherland algorithm. Demonstrate with an example are the three cases of lines. (a) What is shearing? Differentiate between x-shear and y-shear. (b) Give the matrix representations and homogenous coordinates for all the cases in reflection. (a) Write down the procedure for opening and closing structures. (b) What is a display traversal? Explain the posting structures for display structures (a) Derive 3 D plane surface equation. (b) Write notes on different representations of a polygon mesh. What are the methods to represent a solid object in computer graphics? Explain them in detail. Write short notes on: (a) Half-toning. (b) CSG models. (a) Explain the visible surface ray tracing. (b) Describe the technique of color interpolation shading. How does it differ from Phong Shading? *****

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B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 COMPUTER GRAPHICS (Information Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Explain the working of a plasma panel. (b) Explain the design issues in color CRT monitors. Explain how the Potentially Entering (PE) Potentially Leaving (PL) cases are determined in Cyrus-Beck algorithm. (a) What is meant by reflection? Derive the transformation matrices for reflection about the line y=-x and reflection about an arbitrary line y=x. (b) Enumerate the differences between 2 D - graphics and 3 D - graphics. (a) What is a component? Explain the hierarchy of robot components. (b) What is DAG? Discuss various purposes of DAG, with a suitable example. What is a quadric surface? Explain different types of quadric surfaces with example. Explain in detail about constructive solid geometry. (a) Describe any two color models used in computer graphics. (b) Explain halftoning technique. Explain the method of ray-tracing for detecting visible surfaces. *****

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