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Foreword

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Traffic statistics is the performance of network. Each traffic item corresponds to one of the network features. Through the traffic statistics, we can quickly settle the network problem.

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Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Understand some often-used traffic measurement items Locate some problems through the traffic statistics system

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Contents
1. Traffic Statistics Items Analysis Process 2. Often-used Traffic Statistics Items Analysis

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Analysis Process  Systematical logic: From whole system to specific cell  Integrality Observe the change trend of the items for more than one week and the changing trend of each day. Page4 . Ltd. All rights reserved..  Relativity Relationship between various kinds of traffic statistics items Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page5 . some of them are very important for GSM optimization. such as:  BSC Measurement Call Measurement MR Measurement   Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved.Brief Introduction  There are 28 measurement clusters in the BSC6900 traffic statistics. Ltd.

. Page6 . All rights reserved. Ltd.Brief Introduction--BSC Measurement The measurement object is “BSC” Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page7 .Brief Introduction--Call Measurement The measurement object is “Cell” The measurement object is “GSM Cell to GSM Cell” Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. Page8 .Brief Introduction--MR Measurement The measurement object is “TRX” Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

Often-used Traffic Statistics Items Analysis Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page9 .Contents 1. Traffic Statistics Items Analysis Process 2. Ltd.. All rights reserved.

Often-used Traffic Statistics Items In BSC6900. there are some measurement units which are important for the analysis of interference. All rights reserved. so more attention should be paid on them 1 2 Interference band measurement TCHF(H) receive level measurement Uplink-and-downlink balance measurement Power control messages per cell Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per cell KPI measurement Outgoing internal/external inter-cell handover measurement per cell Incoming internal/external inter-cell handover measurement per cell Intra-cell handover measurement per cell Call drop measurement per cell AMR Measurement per cell per TRX 3 4 5 6 7 8 per CELL 9 10 11 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page10 . call drop and handover. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Normally an idle channel at interference band 4 or 5 suggests the existence of interference. Interference band 4 –92 dBm to –87 dBm Interference band 1 –110 dBm to –105 dBm Interference Band Default Power Level Range Interference band 2 –105 dBm to –98 dBm Interference band 3 –98 dBm to –92 dBm Interference band 5 –87 dBm to –47 dBm Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. There are five levels.. Ltd. Page11 .1-Interference Band Measurement per TRX  Interference band is the interference level contained in the RF RES IND message that the BTS reports to the BSC when the channel is idle. The level range of each band is set through the LMT. The higher rank suggests higher interference level.

All rights reserved.1-Interference Band Measurement per TRX Interference Band Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. Page12 .

and higher rank suggests worse receive quality Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.2-TCHF(H) Receive Level Measurement per TRX  The valid MRs that the BSC receives contain the ranks of the uplink and downlink receive level and the ranks of the uplink and downlink receive quality  The receive level has eight ranks. Page13 .. Ltd. and higher rank suggests greater receive level  The receive quality has eight ranks.

Page14 .-80] (-80.2-TCHF(H) Receive Level Measurement per TRX Rank of Receive Level 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Receive Level (dBm) ≤–100 (-100.-70] >-70 TCHH Receive Level Measurement TCHF Receive Level Measurement Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..-85] (-85.-90] (-90.95] (-95.-75] (-75. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ltd. … Page15 ..2-TCHF(H) Receive Level Measurement per TRX Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Downlink path loss = (Actual TX power of the UE .3-Uplink-and-Downlink Balance Measurement per TRX  Proper power estimation during network planning is a prerequisite for normal operation of the system.  The MR that the BSC receives contains the uplink receive level and the downlink receive level. The uplink and downlink balance level is determined by the following formula:  Uplink/Downlink balance = Uplink path loss . All rights reserved. Page16 . The uplink and downlink signals in the coverage area should be balanced..(TRX power on top of the cabinet .Uplink receive level) .Downlink receive level) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

9 dB 10 dB. 5 dB 6 dB. –8 dB. –10 dB –9 dB. –1dB 0 dB 1 dB. 13 dB. All rights reserved. Page17 . –13 dB.. –7 dB. 2 dB 3 dB.Downlink path loss –15 dB –14 dB. 11 dB. –12 dB. –11 dB. 12 dB. 4 dB. 14 dB ≥15 dB Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. –6 dB –5 dB. Ltd.3-Uplink-and-Downlink Balance Measurement per TRX Uplink/Downlink Balance 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Uplink path loss . 8 dB. –4 dB. –3 dB –2 dB. 7 dB.

Page18 . Ltd. All rights reserved.3-Uplink-and-Downlink Balance Measurement per TRX Low downlink RX_LEV Low uplink RX_LEV Uplink-and-D ownlink Balance Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..

. All rights reserved. Page19 .4-Power Control Messages per Cell Lower average transmit power level suggests higher transmit power Higher average signal level suggests higher signal strength Lower rank suggests better quality Great value suggests poor coverage/bad quality area. Ltd. or improper settings of power control parameters Power Control Messages Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page20 .5-Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per TRX  The neighbor cell can be classified into two types  Defined neighbor cell  Refers to the cell whose BCCH frequency is contained in the BA table of the BSC and that is configured as a neighbor cell of the present cell in the neighbor relation list  Undefined neighbor cell  Refers to the cell whose BCCH frequency is contained in the BA table of the BSC (manually added by the user) but that is not configured as a neighbor cell of the present cell in the neighbor relation list Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page21 .5-Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per TRX Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. it includes all the important items.6-KPI Measurement per Cell  KPI measurement is about the traffic statistics of each cell. helping the engineer analyze each cell performance Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page22 .. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Ltd. Page23 ..6-KPI Measurement per Cell KPI Measurement Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

radio handover success rate  It also record the handover reason.7-Outgoing Inter-cell Handover Measurement per Cell  This measurement refers to performance of MS handover from target cell to the each neighbor cell.. enhance dual band cell Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. TA. All rights reserved. receive level drop. including Handover request times. handover success times. Page24 . better cell. Ltd. such as receive level . bad quality.

Page25 .. All rights reserved. Ltd.7-Outgoing Inter-cell Handover Measurement per Cell GSM-GSM Outgoing Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

8-Incoming Inter-cell Handover Measurement per Cell  This measurement refers to performance of MS handover from each neighbor cell to this serving cell. including Handover request times. Page26 . Ltd. handover success times.. can locate the neighbor cell which handover to this cell is not good Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. radio handover success rate  From the incoming inter-cell handover measurement. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.8-Incoming Inter-cell Handover Measurement GSM-GSM Incoming Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. Page27 .

overlaid/underlaid handover. All rights reserved. Page28 . TCHF-TCHH in the AMR calling.  This traffic unit also measure the reasons of intra-cell handover: interference intra-cell handover. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. success times. Ltd. intra-cell handover during the channel conversion..9-Intra-cell Handover Measurement per Cell  It measures the intra-cell handover request times.

All rights reserved. Ltd.9-Intra-cell Handover Measurement per Cell Intra-cell Handover Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page29 .

10-Call Drop Measurement per Cell Call Drop-1 Call Drop-2 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page30 .. Ltd. All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page31 . Refer to the notes Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

. All rights reserved. Page32 .11-AMR Measurement per Cell AMR Measurement Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Page33 . Ltd..Summary   Traffic statistics items analysis procedure The function and usage of key traffic measurement items Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

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