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REL316*4
Technology and Solutions
Protection and Substation Automation

Distance Protection using TeleCommunication Schemes BASICS

RE.316_ TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW

© ABB Switzerland Ltd. - 1

ABB

2 ‰ DTT .BLOCKing OverReaching RE.Direct Transfer Trip ABB .316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW © ABB Switzerland Ltd.Permissive Underreaching Transferred Tripping ‰ POTT .Permissive Overreaching Transferred Tripping ‰ BLOCK OR .Communication ‰ Problem Description ‰ Solution ‰ Basic Tripping Schemes ‰ PUTT .REL316*4 Objectives Distance Protection with Tele. .

3 ABB .316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW Faults near the ends of the line section will be cleared at zone 2 time. if fast reclosure is not required) Reverse Zone R © ABB Switzerland Ltd. . with additional time delay (this is often acceptable at the distribution level.REL316*4 Problem Description Starter Starter Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Overreach zone Zone 3 Overreach Zone Zone 2 Starter Zone 1 RE.

4 • High speed tripping for all kind of faults occurring on 100% of the protected line • Strict selectivity between two stations ABB . .REL316*4 Station A Solution Station B 10 8 .50dBm) RE.Communication Schemes allow 10 -8 Watt (. 10 9 VA (1 GVA) Tele..316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW © ABB Switzerland Ltd.

.316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW Direct Transfer Trip © ABB Switzerland Ltd.REL316*4 PUTT: POTT: Basic Tripping Schemes Permissive Underreaching Transferred Tripping Permissive Overreaching Transferred Tripping BLOCK OR: BLOCKing OverReaching DTT: RE.5 ABB .

6 Z.underreaching ABB .316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW Z underreaching Starter Z-underreaching Starter *) T2 RX & ≥1 & ≥1 & TRIP TRIP & *) Alternatively: Starter + U-Wea © ABB Switzerland Ltd.underreaching Starter *) T2 RX RE. .underreaching Z.REL316*4 PUTT (basic) Starter Z underreaching Starter Starter Z.

.underreaching Starter *) T2 RX RE.7 Z underreaching Z underreaching ABB .316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW Z underreaching & Starter Z.underreaching Starter *) T2 RX *) Alternatively: Starting + U-Weak & ≥1 & TRIP TRIP ≥1 & © ABB Switzerland Ltd.REL316*4 PUTT (basic) Starter Z underreaching Starter Starter Z.

.8 Z overeaching Z overeaching ABB .REL316*4 POTT (basic) Starter Z overreaching Z overreaching Starter Z overeaching RX & TRIP TRIP & Z overeaching RX RE.316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW © ABB Switzerland Ltd.

.316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW © ABB Switzerland Ltd.9 Z overeaching Z overeaching ABB .REL316*4 POTT (basic) Starter Z overreaching Z overreaching Starter Z overeaching RX & TRIP TRIP & Z overeaching RX RE.

316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW Z1.REL316*4 BLOCK OR (basic) Z1 Z overreaching Z reverse Z overreaching Z2 Z3 Starter Z1 Z reverse Z1. t1. t3. . Z3. Z2. Starter. tEnd Z overeaching Loos of signal RE.10 RX Z reverse Z overreaching Z reverse & & Z overeaching ABB . t1. Z2. Starter. t2. tEnd t wait (t1Block) TRIP & TRIP TRIP & t wait (t1Block) 20 ms Z overeaching & 20 ms RX TRIP & Loos of signal © ABB Switzerland Ltd. t2. Z3. t3.

Z2. t1.REL316*4 BLOCK OR (basic) Z1 Z overreaching Z reverse Z overreaching Z2 Z3 Starter Z1 Z reverse Z1.316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW Z1. Starter.11 RX Z reverse Z overreaching Z reverse & & Z overeaching ABB . t3. Z3. t3. tEnd t wait (t1Block) TRIP & TRIP TRIP & t wait (t1Block) 20 ms Z overeaching & 20 ms RX TRIP & Loos of signal © ABB Switzerland Ltd. Z2. t2. t2. t1. tEnd Z overeaching Loos of signal RE. Z3. Starter. .

underreaching Z underreaching Starter Z-underreaching & ≥1 ≥1 & TRIP RX RE. .12 ABB .316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW TRIP RX © ABB Switzerland Ltd.REL316*4 DTT (basic) Starter Z underreaching Starter Starter Z.

© ABB Switzerland Ltd. .316_TeleComm / 2003-10-01 / RW ABB .13 RE.