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BHARATHIYAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Karaikal

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
Question bank Unit I Part A (2 – Marks) 1. Define AJM? 2. What are the advantages of AJM process? 3. What are the applications of AJM? 4. Write the Disadvantages of AJM process? 7. What are the different types abrasives used in AJM? 8. Reuse of abrasives is not recommended in AJM. Why? 9. What are the properties of water jet machining about effect cutting action? 10. What are the advantages of WJC over conventional cutting methods? 11. What are the applications of WJM? 12. What are the commonly used additives in WJM? 13. What is optical tracing system? 14. What is ultrasonic machining? 15. What are the advantages of USM? 16. What are the Disadvantages of USM? 17. What are the applications of USM? 19. What are the magnetostrivtive materials employed in USM? 20. What is the purpose of concentrator used in USM? 21. Define electrical discharge machining? 22. What are functions of dielectric fluid used in EDM? 23. Basic requirement of dielectric fluid used in EDM?

24. What the dielectric fluids commonly used in EDM? 25. Name some of the tool material used in EDM? 26. Define ECM? 26. What are the factors that influence oxidation in ECM? 27. What are the materials used to make the tool electrode? 28. What are the main functions of electrolysis in the ECM? 29. What are the properties are expected from the electrolysis used in the ECM? 30. What are the parameters that affect the MRR? 31. What are the advantages of ECM? 32. What are the limitations of ECM? 33. What are the applications of ECM? 34. Which material is used to make the grinding wheel? 35. What are the advantages of ECG? 36. What are the disadvantages of ECG? 37. What are the limitations of ECG? 38. What is the application of ECG? 39. What is hard Automation? 40. List any three Applications of Automation? 41. Write the Types of Automation? 42. What is parallel action in automation? 43. What is progressive action in automation? PART-B (11 MARKS) 1. Explain the factors that should be considered during the selection of an appropriate Unconventional machining process for a given job. 2. Compare and contrast the various unconventional machining process on the basis of Type of energy employed, material removal rate, transfer media and economical aspects. 3. Explain the principle of AJM. Mention some of the specific applications.

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Discuss in detail about the AJM process variables that influence the rate of material removal and accuracy in the machining. Explain the method of AJM with help of schematic diagram; Mention the advantages and limitations of AJM. Explain the process parameters in WJM process. List the applications and limitations With neat sketch explain the process of AJM .List its application and limitations. Explain the USM machine setup an discuss various feed mechanisms

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6. 7. 8. 9.

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Discuss the influence process parameters and applications of USM (6) Give a note o the various types of transducers. (5)

10. Explain the process of electrical discharge machining, its process parameters and applications. 11. Describe the wire cut EDM equipment, its working, applications and advantages 12. Describe the working principle and elements of chemical machining. What are the factors on which the selection of a resist for use in chemical machining? 13. Explain the principle of ECG with sketch. List out the advantage of EGC over conventional grinding. Mention the product application of ECG. 14. Explain in detail the ECM process with neat sketch and also mention the advantages and application. 15. Compare single spindle and multi-spindle automatic lathes. 16. With a neat sketch explain the working of Swiss type automatic lathe. 17. What is principle of single spindle automatic lathe? Explain with diagram. 18. What is the difference between Swiss type and single spindle automatic lathe (any two) 19. Compare parallel action multi-spindle automatic machine and progressive action multi spindle automatic machine UNIT- II Part A (2 – Marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What are the types of automated flow line? What is transfer mechanism? List the types of transfer mechanism Define buffer storage? List the commonly used coordinate systems of CNC machine tools.

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What is the difference between absolute and incremental system? What is the role of computer for CNC machine tool? Compare closed loop and open loop NC system. List out the applications of CNC system.

10. Differentiate NC and CNC machine tool. 11. What is DNC? 12. Define Adaptive control? PART-B (11 MARKS) 1. 2. 3. 4. What are the types of automated flow lines, with neat sketch What are transfer machines? Explain table type transfer machines with a neat sketch. Explain the working principle of rotary indexing table transfer machine with a neat sketch Explain the working principle of in-line transfer machine. how is it different from drum type transfer machine? Describe the configuration of an automated flow line Explain three main functions used to control an automated flow line Explain three classifications of work piece transportations of automated flow line Describe the various symbols used in production system Describe with neat sketch “Rotary transfer mechanism”

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10. Describe the part delivery system at an assembly work station 11. Describe various part delivery mechanisms 12. What is NC and sketch the Basic components of NC system 13. Write the types, applications, advantages and disadvantages of NC 14. Discuss the major elements of CNC machine tools. 15. Compare NC and CNC machines 16. Classify the NC machines and list their applications and advantages in automation 17. Distinguish between Direct Numerical Control and Distributed Numerical Control with a neat sketch 18. List the advantages and applications of CNC 19. Describe with neat sketch about Adaptive Control

20. Explain the need for storage buffers used on automated production lines 21. Write short notes on the following: a. Buffer storage b. Starving stations c. Blocking stations d. Automated flow line. e. Geneva Mechanism. UNIT- III Part A (2 – Marks)

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What is a preparatory function? How is it important in CNC programming? Differentiate NC and conventional machine tool. What is point-to-point system? What are G-codes and M-codes? Give examples. Differentiate between fixed zero and floating zero in CNC terminology. Define a part program? What is a macro statement in APT? Define contouring motion? What are the types of CNC system?

10. What are the functions of slide ways? 11. What are the functions of ball screws?

PART-B (11 MARKS) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What is tool change cycle? Explain tool selection and tool transfer in ATC. Compare machining centers and turning centers. Describe the importance of automatic tool changer (ATC) in NC Machines. What is dwell? Explain its function on how it is specified in part program? Write short notes on G codes and M codes. Explain with neat sketch the operations of the Canned Cycle G81 as per ISO What type of knowledge should a CNC programmers have for developing the program?

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What are the limitations of cutter radius compensation? What are the differences between manual and computerized NC programming?

10. What is the use of Simulation in NC programming? 11. What are the languages used in NC programming? 12. Explain the types of statements in the APT language with an example. 13. What are the various motions required in tool change activity? explain tool magazine in ATC. 14. What is importance of using subroutines in part program? explain nested subroutine with an example 15. write the part programe to obtain the component shown in figure

16. Write a part programe to obtain the component shown in figure

UNIT- IV Part A (2 – Marks)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Define work volume? What are End effectors? List the types of grippers? What are the types of sensors used in a robot? What is proximity sensor? What is machine vision? Define material handling? List the types of material handle system Advantages of automation in material handling and storage

10. Applications of automated storage system

PART-B (11 MARKS)

1. What are the reasons for the successful application of robots in manufacturing Industries? 2. What is Automated Storage/retrieval systems (AS/RS)? List the possible objectives for automating storage operations. 3. What is machine Vision? List the applications. 4. List the different types of Automated storage/retrieval systems (AS/RS) with its applications. 5. What are end efforts? explain the different types of grippers in detail 6. Write short notes on the following. (i) Positive sensors. (ii) Velocity sensors. 7. Describe Machine Vision with neat sketch? 8. What are the applications of Machine Vision in manufacturing? 9. What is automated storage/retrieval system (as/rs)? list the possible objectives for automating storage operation 10. What are factors to be considered in the design of automated storage and retrieval systems? 11. Differentiate between scara robot and gantry robot. 12. List the basic robot motions with neat sketch

13. Explain the basic components of an Automates Storage and Retrieval System. UNIT- V Part A (2 – Marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Define Group technology? What is part family? List the advantages of Group technology List the types of part classifications Define FMS (Flexible manufacturing system)? Write the components of FMS What are the advantages of FMS What is lean manufacturing? What is agile manufacturing? PART-B (11 MARKS)

1. Why is Group Technology more important in the present manufacturing scenarios? 2. List and explain the different components used in FMS in detail. 3. What is cellular manufacturing? List the typical objective of cellular manufacturing. 4. Define Lean and Agile Technology? Compare Lean production and Agile manufacturing attributes. 5. Explain the concept of Group Technology. 6. What is Cellular Manufacturing? Mention its applications. 7. State the differences between Lean and Agile Manufacturing. 8. Briefly explain about OPTIZ coding system used in group technology? 9. What is FMS? Explain in details the different types of FMS 10. What is cellular manufacturing? List its applications 11. What is agile technology? List its advantages