Scientific Achievements

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology • A 3-station triangulation experiment and simultaneous magnetic recording (digital and/or analog) were carried out with a view to understanding the dynamics of the auroral current systems. Atmospheric electrical parameters near the Kamat Hut at Maitri were measured to study the global electric circuit. A maximum of 2000 UT observed confirms the traditional view that the thunderstorms are the main drivers of the global circuit. Effects of local meteorological conditions on the measured electrical parameters and the magnetospheric contributions to the ionospheric potential and the global circuit were investigated in detail.

Climatological and Meteorological studies • • Continuous observation on the weather pattern, atmospheric pressure, surface ozone and global solar radiation was made at Maitri. Four ozone sonde ascents were taken during summer season. All the ascents reached more than 30 Km height. • Measurement of atmospheric turbidity was done using Sun Photometer with filters of 500nm & 560nm.

VLF Propagation Studies • • VLF propagation data were recorded by digital audio recorder PCM-R300 continuously. Whistler and related events were detected manually from the recorded data.

Earth Sciences and Glaciology • Geological mapping and glaciological studies carried out by Geological Survey of India, in the Muhlig-Hoffmannfjell area revealed very coarse-grained porphyritic granite and charnockite. A nunatak east of Muhlig-Hoffmannfjell depicts a classical inter-relationship between charnockite and ranite; but no textural difference between these two types of rocks was observed. Glaciomorpholigical studies in Schirmacher Oasis have helped in defining the important glaciomorphological features on map, which include deglaciated areas, U valley, glacial terraces, etc. An interesting feature recorded north of Novo station showed a rounded pebble bed suggesting the influence of considerable fluvial action in its deposition.

Planetary Geomdetic Studies The data were generated on surface geometry and surface height ranges as well as surface motion. The computation of the data would be useful forassessing the changes in bedrock elevation. The GPS data obtained from the GPS station established at Maitri served as a fundamental marker to International Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) GPS campaign for 2001.

Schirmacher Oasis. Longitude:11o 41. East Antarctica. in a transect at an interval of 200-500 m in and around Schirmacher Oasis. Shivling and Russian Aerodrome site. • Ground Probe radar Survey The Ground Penetrating Radar Survey carried out near the Veteiah nunatak (Latitude:70o 47. water temperature. 5 dry algal mats and 10 glacial dust samples were collected from different dry lake sites and along the margin of polar ice cap. relative humidity and ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure. Thirty five moss cushions. Archiving of the DAT tapes as well as CDs for further analysis of the events was also completed. • Crack Propagation Studies • Collection of Albedo values and other parameters near Veteiah hill and Dakshin Gangotri station was completed.Tele Seismic Studies • The seismic station equipped with high-resolution digital seismograph and an analog seismic recorder was upgraded with the installation of additional Broad Band Seismic System with Gurlap CMG-3ESP sensor and Digital acquisition system RT 121 from Reftek.75’S. Using SEISAN software. current direction and speed. were made operational along with Albedometer and snow depth sensors.73’E) indicated an ice thickness of 5-7 metres. preliminary analysis of both the digital and analog records was carried out. Meteorological data were collected that could be used in developing a database and correlating it with other data. Water samples from six different glacial lakes. . valleys and Nunataks. three fresh snow samples and three blue ice samples were collected for palynological as well chemical analysis. Also at these locations Automatic Weather Stations with sensors recording wind speed and wind direction. • Crack propagation study of the crack in India Bay was initiated. Global Change For Palyno-stratigraphic studies. which gradually increased to 100 metre at 400 metre along the survey profile from the Veteiah nunatak (due south). The snow grain identification studies indicated predominantly sugary grains at Veteiah. Ice shelf delineation was undertaken using the Helicopter. salinity and velocity of sound were observed using Smart Acoustic Current Meter. The data on January 2001 Bhuj earthquake recorded at Maitri seismic station were analysed and sent to NGRI. Total mass concentration of aerosols at Surface level was measured using QCM. GPS reading for the crack was taken for long-term monitoring. 15 dry soil samples. Hydrographic Survey At three locations. air samples were collected using Burkard Volumetric Sampler (UK) on the voyage starting from 40o South latitude to Indian Research Station Maitri.

Biological Sciences and Environmental Conservation Ecology of 16 selected lakes of Schirmacher oasis was studied by collecting water and plankton samples. A prototype vertical axis Windmill was successfully installed and commissioned near the Nandadevi hut for testing the performance of the machine and machine sub-assembly components in Antarctic conditions. • . Wind energy utilization in Antarctica • A portable windmill. Blood. Phase I at Goa. and a small windmill were also installed and commissioned on a Mobile lab and near the Maitri Workshop. respectively for testing the design capabilities suitable for Antarctic conditions. apart from anthropometric and body fat measurements.. Tests for taste sensitivity and perception were also carried out during the expedition. urine and food samples were collected. Phase II immediately after reaching Antarctica and Phase III after one month of stay at Antarctica. Human Biology and Medicine Studies on leptin neuropeptide status in human beings was conducted in three phases viz.

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